keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sentinel events

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329653/introducing-public-health-themes-in-clinical-dermatology
#1
Scott A Norton
The ACGME's Core Competencies comprise six domains, which in turn contain dozens of often overlapping milestones. Several competencies explicitly invoke public health topics - but if one wears the right set of lenses, nearly every milestone, nearly every aspect of health and medicine, can be viewed from a public health perspective. Why then is Dermatology generally taught - and practiced - in an Intensive Care manner, where seemingly unlimited diagnostic & therapeutic efforts focus on single individuals, not the community?In this presentation, I argue that topics of public health concern should not be relegated to the minor leagues of GME...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329597/melanoma-occurrence-under-long-term-etanercept-treatment-for-psoriasis-a-case-report
#2
Laura Atzori, Luca Pilloni, Severino Murgia, Cristina Mugheddu, Monica Pau, Franco Rongioletti
Melanoma occurrence during treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor is considered an incidental event, although very recent studies suggest a risk. Etanercept is a fusion protein that binds the tumor necrosis factor receptor and is included among TNF inhibitors, approved for the treatment of several autoimmune diseases, such as psoriasis.We described a 79-year-old man with psoriasis, being treated with etanercept, who presented with a new brown to black macule on his right shoulder; this was immediately surgically excised...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315652/detection-and-elimination-of-corynebacterium-bovis-from-barrier-rooms-by-using-an-environmental-sampling-surveillance-program
#3
Christopher A Manuel, Umarani Pugazhenthi, Shannon P Spiegel, Jori K Leszczynski
Rodent health-monitoring programs based on sampling an IVC system's exhaust air dust (EAD) has enhanced and even replaced traditional sentinels for some rodent pathogens. EAD testing by qPCR assay is an optimal surveillance method for the rapid detection of Corynebacterium bovis-infected immunodeficient mice. Here we demonstrate that an active EAD surveillance program for C. bovis can be used to maintain nude mice C. bovis-free after the transition from historically enzootically infected colonies. During 3 events over 3 y, rapid detection of infection, elimination of infected mice, aggressive quarantine measures, and local decontamination prevented the spread of C...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274559/a-novel-technique-for-tumor-localization-and-targeted-lymphatic-mapping-in-early-stage-lung-cancer
#4
Krista J Hachey, Christopher S Digesu, Katherine W Armstrong, Denis M Gilmore, Onkar V Khullar, Brian Whang, Hisashi Tsukada, Yolonda L Colson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate safety and feasibility of navigational bronchoscopy (NB)-guided near-infrared (NIR) localization of small, ill-defined lung lesions and sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) for accurate staging in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Patients with known or suspected stage I NSCLC were enrolled in a prospective pilot trial for lesion localization and SLN mapping via NB-guided NIR marking. Successful localization, SLN detection rates, histopathologic status of SLN versus overall nodes, and concordance to initial clinical stage were measured...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250536/adapting-nepal-s-polio-eradication-programme
#5
Krishna P Paudel, Lee M Hampton, Santosh Gurung, Rajendra Bohara, Indra K Rai, Sameer Anaokar, Rachel D Swift, Stephen Cochi
PROBLEM: Many countries have weak disease surveillance and immunization systems. The elimination of polio creates an opportunity to use staff and assets from the polio eradication programme to control other vaccine-preventable diseases and improve disease surveillance and immunization systems. APPROACH: In 2003, the active surveillance system of Nepal's polio eradication programme began to report on measles and neonatal tetanus cases. Japanese encephalitis and rubella cases were added to the surveillance system in 2004...
March 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248594/dissecting-common-and-divergent-molecular-pathways-elicited-by-cdse-zns-quantum-dots-in-freshwater-and-marine-sentinel-invertebrates
#6
Alfredo Ambrosone, Modi Roopin, Beatriz Pelaz, Abuelmagd M Abdelmonem, Lisa-Maria Ackermann, Lucia Mattera, Mariateresa Allocca, Angela Tino, Markus Klapper, Wolfgang J Parak, Oren Levy, Claudia Tortiglione
Water ecosystems represent main targets of unintentional contamination of nanomaterials, due to industrial waste or other anthropogenic activities. Nanoparticle insult to living organisms may occur in a sequential way, first by chemical interactions of the material with the target membrane, then by progressive internalisation and interaction with cellular structures and organelles. These events trigger a signal transduction, through which cells modulate molecular pathway in order to respond and survive to the external elicitation...
March 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248571/spontaneous-pneumothoraces-in-patients-with-birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome
#7
Nishant Gupta, Elizabeth J Kopras, Elizabeth P Henske, Laura E James, Souheil El-Chemaly, Srihari Veeraraghavan, Matthew G Drake, Francis X McCormack
RATIONALE: Spontaneous pneumothorax is a common complication of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD). The optimal approach to treatment and prevention of BHD-associated spontaneous pneumothorax, and to advising BHD patients regarding risk of pneumothorax associated with air travel is not well established. METHODS: Patients with BHD were recruited from the Rare Lung Diseases Clinic Network and the BHD Foundation, and surveyed about disease manifestations and air travel experiences...
March 1, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246576/syndromic-surveillance-in-vanuatu-since-cyclone-pam-a-descriptive-study
#8
George Worwor, Anthony David Harries, Onofre Edwin Merilles, Kerri Viney, Jean Jacques Rory, George Taleo, Philippe Guyant
In 2012, Vanuatu designed and implemented a syndromic surveillance system based on the guidelines developed by the Pacific Community and the World Health Organization to provide early warning of outbreaks and other important public health events. Four core syndromes were endorsed for surveillance: acute fever and rash, prolonged fever, influenza-like illness and acute watery diarrhoea. In March 2015, Vanuatu was struck by Cyclone Pam, after which several important changes and improvements to the country's syndromic surveillance were made...
October 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246142/evaluating-the-effectiveness-impact-and-safety-of-live-attenuated-and-seasonal-inactivated-influenza-vaccination-protocol-for-the-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-effectiveness-ii-sive-ii-study
#9
Colin R Simpson, Nazir I Lone, Kimberley Kavanagh, Chris Robertson, Jim McMenamin, Beatrix von Wissmann, Eleftheria Vasileiou, Chris Butler, Lewis D Ritchie, Rory Gunson, Jürgen Schwarze, Aziz Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Seasonal (inactivated) influenza vaccination is recommended for all individuals aged 65+ and in individuals under 65 who are at an increased risk of complications of influenza infection, for example, people with asthma. Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) was recommended for children as they are thought to be responsible for much of the transmission of influenza to the populations at risk of serious complications from influenza. A phased roll-out of the LAIV pilot programme began in 2013/2014...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242070/feasibility-of-using-regional-sentinel-surveillance-to-monitor-the-rotavirus-vaccine-impact-effectiveness-and-intussusception-incidence-in-the-african-region
#10
Inácio Mandomando, Goitom Weldegebriel, Nilsa de Deus, Jason M Mwenda
The 9th African rotavirus symposium was held in Maputo, Mozambique from the 8th to 10th of December 2015, including a total of 101 delegates from 17 countries, 15 of which were African countries. This forum brought together participants with various expertise including scientists, clinicians, immunization program managers, public health officials and policymakers. By the time of the symposium, 29/47 (61%) of countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region had introduced rotavirus vaccine into their routine immunization program...
February 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226020/characteristics-of-the-violence-and-accidents-survey-conducted-in-brazilian-sentinel-emergency-departments
#11
Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Cheila Marina Lima, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rosane Aparecida Monteiro, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas, Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Camila Alves Bahia, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
The Violence and Accidents Survey Conducted in Sentinel Emergency Departments (VIVA Survey) is the sentinel surveillance component of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA). It was conducted for the first time in 2006 and again in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2014. The sample is comprised of victims of accidents and violence treated in Emergency Departments linked to the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). The services are selected intentionally. This isfollowed by probability sampling of 12-hour shifts by conglomerates in single-stage selection...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217267/results-of-the-belgian-sentinel-network-of-general-practitioners-on-the-involvement-of-therapists-in-stroke-rehabilitation
#12
Silke Francois, Viviane Van Casteren, Katrien Vanthomme, Liesbeth Borgermans, Dirk Devroey
This study examines which therapists are involved in the rehabilitation of stroke survivors in Belgium at different points in time. A nationwide registration of stroke patients was provided by 199 and 189 family physicians working in sentinel practices for the years 2009 and 2010 respectively. 326 patients who were diagnosed with stroke were included. Patients with paralysis/paresis received significant more physiotherapy after one month (63%) compared to non-paralysed patients (38%) (P = 0.005). Residing in a nursing home was associated with higher proportions of patients receiving physiotherapy, both after one (P = 0...
November 2, 2016: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211500/video-monitoring-of-brown-planthopper-predation-in-rice-shows-flaws-of-sentinel-methods
#13
Yi Zou, Joop de Kraker, Felix J J A Bianchi, Mario D van Telgen, Haijun Xiao, Wopke van der Werf
Immobilized preys are routinely used in agro-ecological exposure studies to quantify predation of pests under field conditions, but this method has not been validated. Our purpose was to determine the validity of using immobilized adults of the major rice pest Nilaparvata lugens, brown plant hopper (BPH), as sentinels. We used direct observation by video recording to determine the causal agents of removal of field exposed BPH sentinels with two experiments: 1) we recorded removal events of dead, immobilized BPH; and 2) we compared removal of (i) dead, immobilized BPH, (ii) live, immobilized BPH, and (iii) live, mobile BPH...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211313/detection-and-elimination-of-corynebacterium-bovis-from-barrier-rooms-by-using-an-environmental-sampling-surveillance-program
#14
Christopher A Manuel Umarani Pugazhenthi Shannon P Spiegel And Jori K Leszczynski
Rodent health-monitoring programs based on sampling an IVC system's exhaust air dust (EAD) has enhanced and evenreplaced traditional sentinels for some rodent pathogens. EAD testing by qPCR assay is an optimal surveillance methodfor the rapid detection of Corynebacterium bovis-infected immunodeficient mice. Here we demonstrate that an active EADsurveillance program for C. bovis can be used to maintain nude mice C. bovis-free after the transition from historically enzootically infected colonies. During 3 events over 3 y, rapid detection of infection, elimination of infected mice, aggressivequarantine measures, and local decontamination prevented the spread of C...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194625/trypanosomiasis-challenge-estimation-using-the-diminazene-aceturate-berenil-index-in-zebu-in-gabon
#15
Brieuc G A Cossic, Brice Adjahoutonon, Pierre Gloaguen, Gui Lov Dibanganga, Gael Maganga, Pascal Leroy, Ewan T MacLeod, Kim Picozzi
A longitudinal study was conducted within a cattle ranch in Gabon to determine the diminazene aceturate (Berenil) index (DAI) in a group of Zebu, raised under low tsetse density; this measure providing an assessment of trypanosomiasis risk. The objective was to evaluate the trypanosomiasis pressure thus informing trypanosomiasis control methods and cattle management. Twenty female adult Zebu were monitored for 24 weeks during the dry season. Blood samples were collected on a weekly basis and subjected to parasitological and haematological analysis (n = 480), using the buffy-coat method and the packed cell volume value (PCV), respectively, infected animals were treated with a single intramuscular injection of diminazene aceturate (8 mg/kg)...
March 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159465/a-comparison-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-to-lymphadenectomy-for-endometrial-cancer-staging-fires-trial-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Emma C Rossi, Lynn D Kowalski, Jennifer Scalici, Leigh Cantrell, Kevin Schuler, Rabbie K Hanna, Michael Method, Melissa Ade, Anastasia Ivanova, John F Boggess
BACKGROUND: Sentinel-lymph-node mapping has been advocated as an alternative staging technique for endometrial cancer. The aim of this study was to measure the sensitivity and negative predictive value of sentinel-lymph-node mapping compared with the gold standard of complete lymphadenectomy in detecting metastatic disease for endometrial cancer. METHODS: In the FIRES multicentre, prospective, cohort study patients with clinical stage 1 endometrial cancer of all histologies and grades undergoing robotic staging were eligible for study inclusion...
March 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153056/study-protocol-on-establishment-of-sentinel-sites-network-for-contraceptive-and-abortion-trends-needs-and-utilization-of-services-in-zika-virus-affected-countries
#17
Moazzam Ali, Kelsey Miller, Rachel Folz, Brooke Ronald Johnson, James Kiarie
BACKGROUND: ZIKV(Zika Virus) during pregnancy can result in many adverse events such as fetal deaths or newborns with congenital abnormalities including microcephaly and other neural irregularities. Due to these harmful outcomes of pregnancy associated with the Zika virus, we can expect to see a change in the type and scale of demand for family planning and safe abortion services in areas affected by the Zika virus. The monitoring and reporting capacities of the local health clinics in these areas could benefit from the introduction of infrastructural improvements necessary to establish a sentinel site network...
February 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152936/improving-transitions-of-care-through-implementation-of-a-standardized-handoff-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#18
Mohamed Ait Aiss, Helene P Phu, Lakeisha R Day, Varkey Abraham, Karen Chen, Mejia Rodrigo, Shehla Razvi, Carmen E Gonzalez, Norman Brito-Dellan, Srinivas Banala, David Rubio, Nicole Vaughan-Adams, Debra S Ruiz, Tan Jens, Charles F Levenback, Michael M Frumovitz, Behrouz Zand, Carmelita P Escalante
242 Background: Communication failures cause two-thirds of sentinel events in hospitals. These adverse occurrences are often both fatal and preventable. Consequently, improving the quality of handoffs has been identified by multiple accreditation constituents as a top priority patient safety goal. This project was part of an institutional initiative to standardize handoffs among physicians, trainees, and midlevel providers. METHODS: Four subgroups were identified as pilot areas: Gynecologic Oncology (Gyn Onc) fellows to nocturnalists, Surgical Oncology fellows, Pediatric Oncology residents and fellows, and Emergency Center attending staff to inpatient hospitalists...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123858/social-media-as-a-sentinel-for-disease-surveillance-what-does-sociodemographic-status-have-to-do-with-it
#19
Elaine O Nsoesie, Luisa Flor, Jared Hawkins, Adyasha Maharana, Tobi Skotnes, Fatima Marinho, John S Brownstein
INTRODUCTION: Data from social media have been shown to have utility in augmenting traditional approaches to public health surveillance. Quantifying the representativeness of these data is needed for making accurate public health inferences. METHODS: We applied machine-learning methods to explore spatial and temporal dengue event reporting trends on Twitter relative to confirmed cases, and quantified associations with sociodemographic factors across three Brazilian states (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Minas Gerais) at the municipality level...
December 7, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117258/duration-of-indwelling-drain-following-instrumented-posterolateral-fusion-of-the-lumbar-spine-does-not-predict-surgical-site-infection-requiring-reoperation
#20
Mohamed Macki, Akachimere Uzosike, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Ali Bydon, Mohamad Bydon, Ziya L Gokaslan
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and predictors of reoperation for surgical site infections (SSI) among patients whose lumbar, closed wound suction drains were removed in the inpatient setting prior to hospital discharge (pre-discharge cohort) versus after inpatient discharge during the first follow up visit (post-discharge cohort). All patients who were admitted for first-time, posterolateral decompression and fusion for degenerative lumbar spine disease were retrospectively reviewed at a single institution...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
keyword
keyword
101273
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"