keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sentinel events

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437132/home-enteral-nutrition-updates-trends-and-challenges
#1
Karen Martin, Gabriela Gardner
The true prevalence of home enteral nutrition (HEN) utilization is unclear and requires further study. HEN therapy has remained virtually unchanged for several decades. However, new trends in HEN are evolving; enteral nutrition is undergoing changes ranging from enteral feeding devices, ingredients used, practice innovations, and challenges with reimbursement. A 2006 Joint Commission call to action that reported 2 sentinel events related to misconnections set things into motion for the transition of enteral device connectors to become specific for enteral nutrition use, which will affect patients who receive HEN...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432853/an-evidence-based-approach-to-reducing-cardiac-telemetry-alarm-fatigue
#2
Ekta Srinivasa, Jaspreet Mankoo, Charles Kerr
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that between 80% and 99% of alarms in the clinical areas are in actionable alarms (Gross, Dahl, & Nielson). Alarm management is one of the Joint Commission's National Patient Safety Goals (2014) because sentinel events have directly been linked to the devices generating these alarms. PURPOSE: At an acute care facility in Boston, a multidisciplinary team consisting of Nursing, Biomedical Engineers, Patient Safety and Providers was formed to conduct a pilot study on the state of telemetry alarms on a surgical floor...
April 22, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416468/cardiac-transplantation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-long-qt-syndrome
#3
Angela M Kelle, J Martijn Bos, Susan P Etheridge, Bryan C Cannon, Randall M Bryant, Jonathan N Johnson, Michael J Ackerman
BACKGROUND: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a potentially lethal, yet highly treatable, cardiac channelopathy. Cardiac transplantation has been reported anecdotally for patients with severe LQTS refractory to standard therapies. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the incidence and risk factors for cardiac transplantation among children evaluated and treated in an LQTS specialty center. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 349 children with LQTS (mean age at diagnosis, 8...
April 14, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402770/mortality-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#4
Aidin Rawshani, Araz Rawshani, Stefan Franzén, Björn Eliasson, Ann-Marie Svensson, Mervete Miftaraj, Darren K McGuire, Naveed Sattar, Annika Rosengren, Soffia Gudbjörnsdottir
Background Long-term trends in excess risk of death and cardiovascular outcomes have not been extensively studied in persons with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes. Methods We included patients registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register from 1998 through 2012 and followed them through 2014. Trends in deaths and cardiovascular events were estimated with Cox regression and standardized incidence rates. For each patient, controls who were matched for age, sex, and county were randomly selected from the general population...
April 13, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392499/burning-magnesium-a-sparkle-in-acute-inflammation-gleams-from-experimental-models
#5
Sara Castiglioni, Alessandra Cazzaniga, Laura Locatelli, Jeanette Am Maier
Magnesium contributes to the regulation of inflammatory responses. Here, we focus on the role of magnesium in acute inflammation. Although present knowledge is incomplete to delineate an accurate scenario and a schedule of the events occurring under magnesium deficiency, it emerges that low magnesium status favors the induction of acute inflammation by sensitizing sentinel cells to the noxious agent, and then by participating to the orchestration of the vascular and cellular events that characterize the process...
April 6, 2017: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377414/diagnostic-distinction-of-malignant-melanoma-and-benign-nevi-by-a-gene-expression-signature-and-correlation-to-clinical-outcomes
#6
Jennifer Ko, Balwir Matharoo-Ball, Steven D Billings, Brian J Thomson, Jean Y Tang, Kavita Y Sarin, Emily Cai, Jinah Kim, Colleen Rock, Hillary Kimbrell, Darl D Flake, M Bryan Warf, Jonathan Nelson, Thaylon Davis, Catherine Miller, Kristen Rushton, Anne-Renee Hartman, Richard J Wenstrup, Loren E Clarke
BACKGROUND: Histopathologic examination alone can be inadequate for diagnosis of certain melanocytic neoplasms. Recently, a 23-gene expression signature was clinically validated as an ancillary diagnostic test to differentiate benign nevi from melanoma. The current study assessed the performance of this test in an independent cohort of melanocytic lesions against clinically proven outcomes. METHODS: Archival tissue from primary cutaneous melanomas and melanocytic nevi was obtained from four independent institutions and tested with the gene signature...
April 4, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373036/efficacy-and-safety-of-artemether-lumefantrine-for-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-falciparum-malaria-at-sentinel-sites-in-mozambique-2015
#7
Crizolgo Salvador, Bernardete Rafael, Francisco Matsinhe, Baltazar Candrinho, Rosália Muthemba, Eva De Carvalho, Eva Naueia, Jahit Sacarlal, Josephine Namboze, Armindo Tiago, Marian Warsame, Sónia Enosse
The resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to anti-malarial drugs continues to challenge malaria control. We assessed the therapeutic efficacy and safety of artemether-lumefantrine (AL), the first-line treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria, in children under five years of age in Mozambique. We conducted a prospective one-arm study to evaluate the clinical and parasitological efficacy of AL over 28days at four sentinel sites, using the WHO protocol for assessing the efficacy of antimalarial treatment...
April 1, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347321/the-150-most-important-questions-in-cancer-research-and-clinical-oncology-series-questions-6-14-edited-by-chinese-journal-of-cancer
#8
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
To accelerate our endeavors to overcome cancer, Chinese Journal of Cancer has launched a program of publishing 150 most important questions in cancer research and clinical oncology. In this article, nine more questions are presented as followed. Question 6. Why do nasopharyngeal carcinomas rarely metastasize to the brain? Question 7. Can distant spread of cancer cells be blocked by inhibiting the remodeling of high endothelial venules in the sentinel lymph node? Question 8. What sort of live-imaging techniques can be developed to directly observe the dynamic processes of metastasis? Question 9...
March 27, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346868/circulation-of-zoonotic-arboviruses-in-equine-populations-of-mallorca-island-spain
#9
Jessica Vanhomwegen, Cécile Beck, Philippe Desprès, Amanda Figuerola, Ramón García, Sylvie Lecollinet, Marc López-Roig, Jean-Claude Manuguerra, Jordi Serra-Cobo
The presence of major arbovirus vector species, climate change that promotes the expansion and increase of their populations, and potential animal reservoirs mean that vector-borne diseases represent a significant health risk for Mallorca's inhabitants. Microbiological monitoring of circulating arboviruses, particularly flaviviruses causing encephalitis, was initiated using domestic horses from localities near wetlands as "sentinel" hosts. A total of 291 blood samples were taken from 172 horses between 2011 and 2012, using paired samples to highlight seroconversion events...
May 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329653/introducing-public-health-themes-in-clinical-dermatology
#10
Scott A Norton
The ACGME's Core Competencies comprise six domains, which in turn contain dozens of often overlapping milestones. Several competencies explicitly invoke public health topics - but if one wears the right set of lenses, nearly every milestone, nearly every aspect of health and medicine, can be viewed from a public health perspective. Why then is Dermatology generally taught - and practiced - in an Intensive Care manner, where seemingly unlimited diagnostic & therapeutic efforts focus on single individuals, not the community?In this presentation, I argue that topics of public health concern should not be relegated to the minor leagues of GME...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329597/melanoma-occurrence-under-long-term-etanercept-treatment-for-psoriasis-a-case-report
#11
Laura Atzori, Luca Pilloni, Severino Murgia, Cristina Mugheddu, Monica Pau, Franco Rongioletti
Melanoma occurrence during treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor is considered an incidental event, although very recent studies suggest a risk. Etanercept is a fusion protein that binds the tumor necrosis factor receptor and is included among TNF inhibitors, approved for the treatment of several autoimmune diseases, such as psoriasis.We described a 79-year-old man with psoriasis, being treated with etanercept, who presented with a new brown to black macule on his right shoulder; this was immediately surgically excised...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315652/detection-and-elimination-of-corynebacterium-bovis-from-barrier-rooms-by-using-an-environmental-sampling-surveillance-program
#12
Christopher A Manuel, Umarani Pugazhenthi, Shannon P Spiegel, Jori K Leszczynski
Rodent health-monitoring programs based on sampling an IVC system's exhaust air dust (EAD) has enhanced and even replaced traditional sentinels for some rodent pathogens. EAD testing by qPCR assay is an optimal surveillance method for the rapid detection of Corynebacterium bovis-infected immunodeficient mice. Here we demonstrate that an active EAD surveillance program for C. bovis can be used to maintain nude mice C. bovis-free after the transition from historically enzootically infected colonies. During 3 events over 3 y, rapid detection of infection, elimination of infected mice, aggressive quarantine measures, and local decontamination prevented the spread of C...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274559/a-novel-technique-for-tumor-localization-and-targeted-lymphatic-mapping-in-early-stage-lung-cancer
#13
Krista J Hachey, Christopher S Digesu, Katherine W Armstrong, Denis M Gilmore, Onkar V Khullar, Brian Whang, Hisashi Tsukada, Yolonda L Colson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate safety and feasibility of navigational bronchoscopy (NB)-guided near-infrared (NIR) localization of small, ill-defined lung lesions and sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) for accurate staging in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Patients with known or suspected stage I NSCLC were enrolled in a prospective pilot trial for lesion localization and SLN mapping via NB-guided NIR marking. Successful localization, SLN detection rates, histopathologic status of SLN versus overall nodes, and concordance to initial clinical stage were measured...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250536/adapting-nepal-s-polio-eradication-programme
#14
Krishna P Paudel, Lee M Hampton, Santosh Gurung, Rajendra Bohara, Indra K Rai, Sameer Anaokar, Rachel D Swift, Stephen Cochi
PROBLEM: Many countries have weak disease surveillance and immunization systems. The elimination of polio creates an opportunity to use staff and assets from the polio eradication programme to control other vaccine-preventable diseases and improve disease surveillance and immunization systems. APPROACH: In 2003, the active surveillance system of Nepal's polio eradication programme began to report on measles and neonatal tetanus cases. Japanese encephalitis and rubella cases were added to the surveillance system in 2004...
March 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248594/dissecting-common-and-divergent-molecular-pathways-elicited-by-cdse-zns-quantum-dots-in-freshwater-and-marine-sentinel-invertebrates
#15
Alfredo Ambrosone, Modi Roopin, Beatriz Pelaz, Abuelmagd M Abdelmonem, Lisa-Maria Ackermann, Lucia Mattera, Mariateresa Allocca, Angela Tino, Markus Klapper, Wolfgang J Parak, Oren Levy, Claudia Tortiglione
Water ecosystems represent main targets of unintentional contamination of nanomaterials, due to industrial waste or other anthropogenic activities. Nanoparticle insult to living organisms may occur in a sequential way, first by chemical interactions of the material with the target membrane, then by progressive internalisation and interaction with cellular structures and organelles. These events trigger a signal transduction, through which cells modulate molecular pathway in order to respond and survive to the external elicitation...
March 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248571/spontaneous-pneumothoraces-in-patients-with-birt-hogg-dub%C3%A3-syndrome
#16
Nishant Gupta, Elizabeth J Kopras, Elizabeth P Henske, Laura E James, Souheil El-Chemaly, Srihari Veeraraghavan, Matthew G Drake, Francis X McCormack
RATIONALE: Spontaneous pneumothorax is a common complication of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD). The optimal approach to treatment and prevention of BHD-associated spontaneous pneumothorax, and to advising BHD patients regarding risk of pneumothorax associated with air travel is not well established. METHODS: Patients with BHD were recruited from the Rare Lung Diseases Clinic Network and the BHD Foundation, and surveyed about disease manifestations and air travel experiences...
March 1, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246576/syndromic-surveillance-in-vanuatu-since-cyclone-pam-a-descriptive-study
#17
George Worwor, Anthony David Harries, Onofre Edwin Merilles, Kerri Viney, Jean Jacques Rory, George Taleo, Philippe Guyant
In 2012, Vanuatu designed and implemented a syndromic surveillance system based on the guidelines developed by the Pacific Community and the World Health Organization to provide early warning of outbreaks and other important public health events. Four core syndromes were endorsed for surveillance: acute fever and rash, prolonged fever, influenza-like illness and acute watery diarrhoea. In March 2015, Vanuatu was struck by Cyclone Pam, after which several important changes and improvements to the country's syndromic surveillance were made...
October 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246142/evaluating-the-effectiveness-impact-and-safety-of-live-attenuated-and-seasonal-inactivated-influenza-vaccination-protocol-for-the-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-effectiveness-ii-sive-ii-study
#18
Colin R Simpson, Nazir I Lone, Kimberley Kavanagh, Chris Robertson, Jim McMenamin, Beatrix von Wissmann, Eleftheria Vasileiou, Chris Butler, Lewis D Ritchie, Rory Gunson, Jürgen Schwarze, Aziz Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Seasonal (inactivated) influenza vaccination is recommended for all individuals aged 65+ and in individuals under 65 who are at an increased risk of complications of influenza infection, for example, people with asthma. Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) was recommended for children as they are thought to be responsible for much of the transmission of influenza to the populations at risk of serious complications from influenza. A phased roll-out of the LAIV pilot programme began in 2013/2014...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242070/feasibility-of-using-regional-sentinel-surveillance-to-monitor-the-rotavirus-vaccine-impact-effectiveness-and-intussusception-incidence-in-the-african-region
#19
Inácio Mandomando, Goitom Weldegebriel, Nilsa de Deus, Jason M Mwenda
The 9th African rotavirus symposium was held in Maputo, Mozambique from the 8th to 10th of December 2015, including a total of 101 delegates from 17 countries, 15 of which were African countries. This forum brought together participants with various expertise including scientists, clinicians, immunization program managers, public health officials and policymakers. By the time of the symposium, 29/47 (61%) of countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region had introduced rotavirus vaccine into their routine immunization program...
February 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226020/characteristics-of-the-violence-and-accidents-survey-conducted-in-brazilian-sentinel-emergency-departments
#20
Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Cheila Marina Lima, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rosane Aparecida Monteiro, Mariana Gonçalves de Freitas, Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Camila Alves Bahia, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
The Violence and Accidents Survey Conducted in Sentinel Emergency Departments (VIVA Survey) is the sentinel surveillance component of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System (VIVA). It was conducted for the first time in 2006 and again in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2014. The sample is comprised of victims of accidents and violence treated in Emergency Departments linked to the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). The services are selected intentionally. This isfollowed by probability sampling of 12-hour shifts by conglomerates in single-stage selection...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
keyword
keyword
101273
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"