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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446131/the-effectiveness-of-a-monetary-incentive-offer-on-survey-response-rates-and-response-completeness-in-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Shengchao Yu, Howard E Alper, Angela-Maithy Nguyen, Robert M Brackbill, Lennon Turner, Deborah J Walker, Carey B Maslow, Kimberly C Zweig
BACKGROUND: Achieving adequate response rates is an ongoing challenge for longitudinal studies. The World Trade Center Health Registry is a longitudinal health study that periodically surveys a cohort of ~71,000 people exposed to the 9/11 terrorist attacks in New York City. Since Wave 1, the Registry has conducted three follow-up surveys (Waves 2-4) every 3-4 years and utilized various strategies to increase survey participation. A promised monetary incentive was offered for the first time to survey non-respondents in the recent Wave 4 survey, conducted 13-14 years after 9/11...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427539/the-role-of-serum-amyloid-a-staining-of-granulomatous-tissues-for-the-diagnosis-of-sarcoidosis
#2
Albert Huho, Llewellyn Foulke, Timothy Jennings, Efstratios Koutroumpakis, Siddhartha Dalvi, Haroon Chaudhry, Amit Chopra, Aakash Modi, Neha Rane, David J Prezant, Christine Sheehan, Recai Yucel, Mehul Patel, Marc A Judson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated that SAA staining of sarcoidosis granulomas was qualitatively and quantitatively different from other granulomatous diseases. These data suggest that positive SAA staining of granulomatous tissue may have adequate specificity to establish a diagnosis of sarcoidosis. Our objective was to determine the diagnostic specificity of SAA staining for sarcoidosis relative to other granulomatous disorders. METHODS: Pathological specimens demonstrating granulomatous inflammation were retrospectively identified at one institution, plus 4 specimens were obtained from New York City firefighters with biopsy-confirmed World Trade Center "sarcoidosis-like" pulmonary disease...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418689/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-chemical-inhalational-disasters-biology-of-lung-injury-development-of-novel-therapeutics-and-medical-preparedness
#3
Eleanor M Summerhill, Gary W Hoyle, Sven-Eric Jordt, Bronwen J Jugg, James G Martin, Sadis Matalon, Steven E Patterson, David J Prezant, Alfred M Sciuto, Erik R Svendsen, Carl W White, Livia A Veress
This report is based upon the proceedings from the Inhalational Lung Injury Workshop jointly sponsored by the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the National Institute of Health (NIH)/National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Countermeasures Against Chemical Threats (CounterACT) program on May 21, 2013 in Philadelphia, PA. The CounterACT program facilitates research leading to the development of new and improved medical countermeasures for chemical threat agents. The workshop was initiated by the Terrorism and Inhalational Disasters (TID) Section of the Environmental, Occupational, and Population Health Assembly (EOPH) of the ATS...
April 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413254/non-farm-entrepreneurship-in-rural-sub-saharan-africa-new-empirical-evidence
#4
Paula Nagler, Wim Naudé
We report on the prevalence and patterns of non-farm enterprises in six sub-Saharan African countries, and study their performance in terms of labor productivity, survival and exit, using the World Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study - Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA). Rural households operate enterprises due to both push and pull factors and tend to do so predominantly in easy-to-enter activities, such as sales and trade, rather than in activities that require higher starting costs, such as transport services, or educational investment, such as professional services...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370461/hurricane-sandy-exposure-and-the-mental-health-of-world-trade-center-responders
#5
Evelyn J Bromet, Sean Clouston, Adam Gonzalez, Roman Kotov, Kathryn M Guerrera, Benjamin J Luft
The psychological consequences of a second disaster on populations exposed to an earlier disaster have rarely been studied prospectively. Using a pre- and postdesign, we examined the effects of Hurricane Sandy on possible World Trade Center (WTC) related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist score of ≥ 50) and overall depression (major depressive disorder [MDD]; Patient Health Questionnaire depression score of ≥ 10) among 870 WTC responders with a follow-up monitoring visit at the Long Island WTC Health Program during the 6 months post-Hurricane Sandy...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341697/risk-factors-for-persistence-of-lower-respiratory-symptoms-among-community-members-exposed-to-the-2001-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks
#6
Hannah T Jordan, Stephen M Friedman, Joan Reibman, Roberta M Goldring, Sara A Miller Archie, Felix Ortega, Howard Alper, Yongzhao Shao, Carey B Maslow, James E Cone, Mark R Farfel, Kenneth I Berger
OBJECTIVES: We studied the course of lower respiratory symptoms (LRS; cough, wheeze or dyspnoea) among community members exposed to the 9/11/2001 World Trade Center (WTC) attacks during a period of 12-13 years following the attacks, and evaluated risk factors for LRS persistence, including peripheral airway dysfunction and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Non-smoking adult participants in a case-control study of post-9/11-onset LRS (exam 1, 2008-2010) were recruited for follow-up (exam 2, 2013-2014)...
March 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321793/psychological-distress-in-parents-and-school-functioning-of-adolescents-results-from-the-world-trade-center-registry
#7
Lisa M Gargano, Tenzin Dechen, James E Cone, Steven D Stellman, Robert M Brackbill
Poor school-functioning can be indicative of parent and adolescent mental health and adolescent behavior problems. This study examined 472 adolescents enrolled in the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Registry, with a two-step path analysis, using regression-based models, to unravel the relationships between parent and adolescent mental health, adolescent behavior problems, and adolescent unmet healthcare need (UHCN) on the outcome school-functioning. WTC exposure was associated with UHCN and parental mental health was a significant mediator...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277702/pathway-from-ptsd-to-respiratory-health-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-psychosocial-intervention
#8
Monika A Waszczuk, Xiaotong Li, Evelyn J Bromet, Adam Gonzalez, Michael J Zvolensky, Camilo Ruggero, Benjamin J Luft, Roman Kotov
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory illness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common debilitating conditions that frequently co-occur. Observational studies indicate that PTSD, independently of smoking, is a major risk and maintenance factor for lower respiratory symptoms (LRS). The current study experimentally tested this etiologic pathway by investigating whether LRS can be reduced by treating PTSD symptoms. METHOD: Ninety daily smokers exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster (mean age 50 years, 28% female; 68% White) completed 8-session group-based weekly comprehensive trauma management and smoking cessation treatment that focused on skills to alleviate PTSD symptoms...
May 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229067/the-effect-of-world-trade-center-exposure-on-the-timing-of-diagnoses-of-obstructive-airway-disease-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#9
Xiaoxue Liu, Jennifer Yip, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Jessica Weakley, Mayris P Webber, Theresa M Schwartz, David J Prezant, Michael D Weiden, Charles B Hall
OBJECTIVES: In a cohort of rescue/recovery workers exposed to the dust that resulted from the collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC), we assessed how a diagnosis of obstructive airways disease (OAD) affected the likelihood of a subsequent diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We also assessed whether OAD acted as a mediator of the association between exposure to the WTC rescue/recovery effort and CRS and GERD diagnoses. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we analyzed Fire Department of the City of New York physician diagnoses of OAD, CRS, and GERD that were first documented between September 11, 2001, and September 10, 2011, among 8,968 WTC-exposed firefighters...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181152/airway-disease-in-rescue-recovery-workers-recent-findings-from-the-world-trade-center-collapse
#10
REVIEW
Krystal L Cleven, Mayris P Webber, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Kerry M Hena, David J Prezant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our goal is to summarize the airway disease literature since September 11, 2001 (9/11), focusing on studies published since 2011 in World Trade Center-exposed rescue/recovery workers. RECENT FINDINGS: Since 2011, studies have confirmed relationships between initial World Trade Center exposure intensity, severity of symptoms, airway disease diagnoses, and biomarkers of disease progression. Studies continue to document ongoing morbidity in rescue/recovery workers over 10 years after 9/11...
January 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157767/paresthesias-among-community-members-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#11
Michael Marmor, Yongzhao Shao, D Harshad Bhatt, Mark M Stecker, Kenneth I Berger, Roberta M Goldring, Rebecca L Rosen, Caralee Caplan-Shaw, Angeliki Kazeros, Deepak Pradhan, Marc Wilkenfeld, Joan Reibman
OBJECTIVE: Paresthesias can result from metabolic disorders, nerve entrapment following repetitive motions, hyperventilation pursuant to anxiety, or exposure to neurotoxins. We analyzed data from community members exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster of September 11, 2001, to evaluate whether exposure to the disaster was associated with paresthesias. METHODS: Analysis of data from 3141 patients of the WTC Environmental Health Center. RESULTS: Fifty-six percent of patients reported paresthesias at enrollment 7 to 15 years following the WTC disaster...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135632/elevated-c-reactive-protein-and-posttraumatic-stress-pathology-among-survivors-of-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attacks
#12
Rebecca L Rosen, Nomi Levy-Carrick, Joan Reibman, Ning Xu, Yongzhao Shao, Mengling Liu, Lucia Ferri, Angeliki Kazeros, Caralee E Caplan-Shaw, Deepak R Pradhan, Michael Marmor, Isaac R Galatzer-Levy
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation has emerged as a promising marker and potential mechanism underlying post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The relationship between posttraumatic stress pathology and systemic inflammation has not, however, been consistently replicated and is potentially confounded by comorbid illness or injury, common complications of trauma exposure. METHODS: We analyzed a large naturalistic cohort sharing a discrete physical and mental health trauma from the destruction of the World Trade Center (WTC) towers on September 11, 2001 (n = 641)...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109459/intensity-of-binge-drinking-a-decade-after-the-september-11th-terror-attacks-among-exposed-individuals
#13
Alice E Welch, Kimberly Caramanica Zweig, Jonathan M McAteer, Robert M Brackbill
INTRODUCTION: The 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center resulted in elevated post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use among exposed individuals. The relationship among traumatic exposure, PTSD, and excessive drinking is well documented; however, little is known about these relationships in the long term. This study examines factors increasing binge drinking risk among exposed individuals a decade post-9/11. METHODS: In 2015-2016, data were analyzed from 28,592 World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees aged ≥18 years who completed the Wave 3 (2011-2012) survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104511/serum-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-children-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#14
Leonardo Trasande, Tony T Koshy, Joseph Gilbert, Lauren K Burdine, Teresa M Attina, Akhgar Ghassabian, Masato Honda, Michael Marmor, Dinh Binh Chu, Xiaoxia Han, Yongzhao Shao, Kurunthachalam Kannan
The World Trade Center (WTC) disaster released large amounts of various chemical substances into the environment, including perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). Yet, no studies have examined exposures in children living or attending schools near the disaster site. We measured serum PFASs in WTC Health Registry (WTCHR) respondents who were ≤8 years of age on September 11, 2001 and a sociodemographically-matched comparison group. We also examined the relationship of PFASs levels with dust cloud exposure; home dust exposure, and with traumatic exposure, the latter to take into account differences related to possible mental health consequences and associated behavioral problems...
April 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099776/understanding-the-connection-between-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-respiratory-problems-contributions-of-anxiety-sensitivity
#15
Brittain L Mahaffey, Adam Gonzalez, Samantha G Farris, Michael J Zvolensky, Evelyn J Bromet, Benjamin J Luft, Roman Kotov
Respiratory problems and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are the signature health consequences associated with the September 11, 2001 (9/11), World Trade Center disaster and frequently co-occur. The reasons for this comorbidity, however, remain unknown. Anxiety sensitivity is a transdiagnostic trait that is associated with both PTSD and respiratory symptoms. The present study explored whether anxiety sensitivity could explain the experience of respiratory symptoms in trauma-exposed smokers with PTSD symptoms...
February 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061835/a-comparative-assessment-of-major-international-disasters-the-need-for-exposure-assessment-systematic-emergency-preparedness-and-lifetime-health-care
#16
Roberto G Lucchini, Dana Hashim, Sushma Acquilla, Angela Basanets, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Andrey Bushmanov, Michael Crane, Denise J Harrison, William Holden, Philip J Landrigan, Benjamin J Luft, Paolo Mocarelli, Nailya Mazitova, James Melius, Jacqueline M Moline, Koji Mori, David Prezant, Joan Reibman, Dori B Reissman, Alexander Stazharau, Ken Takahashi, Iris G Udasin, Andrew C Todd
BACKGROUND: The disasters at Seveso, Three Mile Island, Bhopal, Chernobyl, the World Trade Center (WTC) and Fukushima had historic health and economic sequelae for large populations of workers, responders and community members. METHODS: Comparative data from these events were collected to derive indications for future preparedness. Information from the primary sources and a literature review addressed: i) exposure assessment; ii) exposed populations; iii) health surveillance; iv) follow-up and research outputs; v) observed physical and mental health effects; vi) treatment and benefits; and vii) outreach activities...
January 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042514/quality-of-life-of-persons-injured-on-9-11-qualitative-analysis-from-the-world-trade-center-health-registry
#17
Lisa M Gargano, Robyn R Gershon, Robert M Brackbill
INTRODUCTION: A number of studies published by the World Trade Center Health Registry (Registry) document the prevalence of injuries sustained by victims of the World Trade Center Disaster (WTCD) on 9/11. Injury occurrence during or in the immediate aftermath of this event has been shown to be a risk factor for long-term adverse physical and mental health status. More recent reports of ongoing physical health and mental health problems and overall poor quality of life among survivors led us to undertake this qualitative study to explore the long-term impact of having both disaster-related injuries and peri-event traumatic exposure on quality of life in disaster survivors...
October 27, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032532/the-missing-the-martyred-and-the-disappeared-global-networks-technical-intensification-and-the-end-of-human-rights-genetics
#18
Lindsay A Smith
In 1984, a group of Argentine students, trained by US academics, formed the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team to apply the latest scientific techniques to the excavation of mass graves and identification of the dead, and to work toward transitional justice. This inaugurated a new era in global forensic science, as groups of scientists in the Global South worked outside of and often against local governments to document war crimes in post-conflict settings. After 2001, however, with the inauguration of the war on terror following the September 11(th) attacks on the World Trade Center in New York, global forensic science was again remade through US and European investment to increase preparedness in the face of potential terrorist attacks...
December 1, 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030758/world-trade-center-health-program-amendments-to-definitions-appeals-and-other-requirements-final-rule
#19
(no author information available yet)
In 2011 and 2012, the Secretary, Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), promulgated regulations designed to govern the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program (Program), including the processes by which eligible responders and survivors may apply for enrollment in the Program, obtain health monitoring and treatment for WTC-related health conditions, and appeal enrollment and treatment decisions, as well as a process to add new conditions to the List of WTC-Related Health Conditions (List). After using the regulations for a number of years, the Administrator of the WTC Health Program identified potential improvements to certain existing provisions, including, but not limited to, appeals of enrollment, certification, and treatment decisions, as well as the procedures for the addition of health conditions for WTC Health Program coverage...
December 15, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013272/trauma-focused-smoking-cessation-for-smokers-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Adam Gonzalez, Fred Friedberg, Xiaotong Li, Michael J Zvolensky, Evelyn J Bromet, Brittain L Mahaffey, Anka A Vujanovic, Benjamin J Luft, Roman Kotov
INTRODUCTION: The main objective was to evaluate the efficacy of an 8-session, group-based comprehensive smoking cessation and trauma management (CSC-T) treatment among daily smokers (≥ 5 cigarettes/day) exposed to the WTC disaster with elevated WTC-related PTSD symptoms. METHODS: Participants (N=90) were randomly assigned to CSC-T (N=44; 63.6% White; 27.3% female; mean age = 51.32±7.87) or comprehensive smoking cessation (CSC) alone (N=46; 71.7% White; 28.3% female; mean age=48...
December 24, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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