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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643263/health-state-utilities-for-patient-s-current-health-from-bipolar-type-i-disorder
#1
Masoumeh Banihashemian, Arash Rashidian, Faeze Gholamian, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Najmeh Moradi, Homayoun Amini
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Type I Disorder (BID) is a disabling mental disorder among young adults that places enormous psychological, social, and economic burdens on patients, their families, and health care systems and decreases quality of life (QOL). Few studies have investigated the quality-adjusted life-years (QALY), health state preferences, and utilities in patients with BID. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to elicit health state utilities for current health among a sample of individuals with BID irrespective of their clinical conditions at the time of evaluation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627406/post-9-11-drug-and-alcohol-related-hospitalizations-among-world-trade-center-health-registry-enrollees-2003-2010
#2
Andrew Hirst, Sara A Miller-Archie, Alice E Welch, Jiehui Li, Robert M Brackbill
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of drug- and alcohol-related hospitalizations among persons exposed to the 2001 World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks and to assess whether 9/11-related exposures or post-9/11 post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were associated with increased odds of hospitalization. METHODS: Data for adult enrollees in the WTC Health Registry, a prospective cohort study, were linked to New York State (NYS) administrative hospitalization data to identify alcohol- and drug-related hospitalizations from enrollment to December 31, 2010...
March 23, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580634/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-and-depressive-symptoms-during-virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-with-a-cognitive-enhancer
#3
Melissa Peskin, Katarzyna Wyka, Judith Cukor, Megan Olden, Margaret Altemus, Francis S Lee, JoAnn Difede
Two studies suggest that reductions in posttraumatic symptoms (Aderka et al., 2013) and cognitions (Zalta et al., 2014) precede reductions in depressive symptoms during prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in female assault survivors. The present study explored the temporal relationship between posttraumatic and depressive symptoms in a randomized trial of D-Cycloserine (DCS) versus placebo augmented virtual reality exposure (VRE) therapy for chronic World Trade Center-related PTSD following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574927/parental-posttraumatic-stress-and-child-behavioral-problems-in-world-trade-center-responders
#4
Mai Uchida, Huifen Feng, Adriana Feder, Natalie Mota, Clyde B Schechter, Hilary D Woodworth, Caroline G Kelberman, Michael Crane, Philip Landrigan, Jacqueline Moline, Iris Udasin, Denise Harrison, Benjamin J Luft, Craig Katz, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: We investigated trans-generational associations between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms in World Trade Center (WTC) responders and behavioral problems in their children. METHODS: Participants were WTC responders-8034 police and 8352 non-traditional (eg, construction workers)-with one or more children at the time of their first visit to the World Trade Center Health Program (WTC-HP). Self-report questionnaires were administered approximately 4 years after the 9/11 WTC attack...
March 25, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543564/chest-ct-scan-findings-in-world-trade-center-workers
#5
Rafael E de la Hoz, Jonathan Weber, Dongming Xu, John T Doucette, Xiaoyu Liu, Deborah A Carson, Juan C Celedón
We examined the chest CT scans of 1,453 WTC responders using the International Classification of High-resolution CT for Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Diseases. Univariate and bivariate analyses of potential work-related pleural abnormalities were performed with pre-WTC and WTC-related occupational exposure data, spirometry, demographics and quantitative CT measurements. Logistic regression was used to evaluate occupational predictors of those abnormalities. Chest CT scans were performed first at a median of 6...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29539098/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-functional-impairment-and-subjective-distress-in-world-trade-center-disaster-workers
#6
Kallio Hunnicutt-Ferguson, Katarzyna E Wyka, Melissa Peskin, Judith Cukor, Megan Olden, JoAnn Difede
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with functional deficits, poor physical health, and diminished quality of life. Limited research has examined PTSD symptom clusters and their associations with functioning and distress among disaster recovery workers, a population at high risk for PTSD due to potential for repeated trauma. The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between overall PTSD severity, as well as PTSD symptom clusters, and social and occupational functioning and subjective distress in World Trade Center (WTC) disaster workers after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 (9/11)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508426/standardized-morbidity-ratios-of-four-chronic-health-conditions-among-world-trade-center-responders-comparison-to-the-national-health-interview-survey
#7
Hyun Kim, David Kriebel, Bian Liu, Sherrry Baron, Steven Mongin, Navneet K Baidwan, Jacqueline M Moline
PURPOSE: We conducted external comparisons for the prevalence of asthma, hypertension, diabetes, and cancer among World Trade Center (WTC) general responders using the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) as the reference, along with internal comparisons for the incidence of asthma. METHODS: Standardized Morbidity Ratios (SMRs) were calculated for the prevalence of the health conditions, and risk ratios (RRs) for asthma incidence. RESULTS: Relative to the NHIS, asthma prevalence was in excess in responders over the study years (age-adjusted SMRs = 1...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477875/mortality-among-rescue-and-recovery-workers-and-community-members-exposed-to-the-september-11-2001-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks-2003-2014
#8
Hannah T Jordan, Cheryl R Stein, Jiehui Li, James E Cone, Leslie Stayner, James L Hadler, Robert M Brackbill, Mark R Farfel
BACKGROUND: Multiple chronic health conditions have been associated with exposure to the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks (9/11). We assessed whether excess deaths occurred during 2003-2014 among persons directly exposed to 9/11, and examined associations of 9/11-related exposures with mortality risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Deaths occurring in 2003-2014 among members of the World Trade Center Health Registry, a cohort of rescue/recovery workers and lower Manhattan community members who were exposed to 9/11, were identified via linkage to the National Death Index...
February 22, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450681/factors-related-to-the-probable-ptsd-after-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attack-among-asian-americans
#9
Winnie W Kung, Xinhua Liu, Debbie Huang, Patricia Kim, Xiaoran Wang, Lawrence H Yang
Despite the fact that Asians constituted a sizeable proportion of those exposed to the World Trade Center attack on September 11, 2001 due to its proximity to Chinatown and many South Asians working in the nearby buildings, no study had focused on examining the mental health impact of the attack in this group. Based on data collected by the World Trade Center Health Registry from a sample of 4721 Asians 2-3 years after the disaster, this study provides a baseline investigation for the prevalence and the risk and protective factors for PTSD among Asian Americans directly exposed to the attack and compared this population against 42,862 non-Hispanic Whites...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449669/predictive-biomarkers-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-barrett-s-esophagus-in-world-trade-center-exposed-firefighters-a-15-year-longitudinal-study
#10
Syed H Haider, Sophia Kwon, Rachel Lam, Audrey K Lee, Erin J Caraher, George Crowley, Liqun Zhang, Theresa M Schwartz, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Mengling Liu, David J Prezant, Anna Nolan
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett's Esophagus (BE), which are prevalent in the World Trade Center (WTC) exposed and general populations, negatively impact quality of life and cost of healthcare. GERD, a risk factor of BE, is linked to obstructive airways disease (OAD). We aim to identify serum biomarkers of GERD/BE, and assess the respiratory and clinical phenotype of a longitudinal cohort of never-smoking, male, WTC-exposed rescue workers presenting with pulmonary symptoms. Biomarkers collected soon after WTC-exposure were evaluated in optimized predictive models of GERD/BE...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420544/carotenoid-coloration-and-health-status-of-urban-eurasian-kestrels-falco-tinnunculus
#11
Petra Sumasgutner, Marius Adrion, Anita Gamauf
As the world experiences rapid urban expansion, natural landscapes are being transformed into cities at an alarming rate. Consequently, urbanization is identified as one of the biggest environmental challenges of our time, yet we lack a clear understanding of how urbanization affects free-living organisms. Urbanization leads to habitat fragmentation and increased impervious surfaces affecting for example availability and quality of food. Urbanization is also associated with increased pollution levels that can affect organisms directly, via ecophysiological constraints and indirectly by disrupting trophic interactions in multi-species networks...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401643/review-of-non-respiratory-non-cancer-physical-health-conditions-from-exposure-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#12
REVIEW
Lisa M Gargano, Kimberly Mantilla, Monique Fairclough, Shengchao Yu, Robert M Brackbill
After the World Trade Center attacks on 11 September 2001 (9/11), multiple cohorts were developed to monitor the health outcomes of exposure. Respiratory and cancer effects have been covered at length. This current study sought to review the literature on other physical conditions associated with 9/11-exposure. Researchers searched seven databases for literature published in English from 2002 to October 2017, coded, and included articles for health condition outcome, population, 9/11-exposures, and comorbidity...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368332/head-and-neck-cancers-associated-with-exposure-to-the-september-11-2001-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks
#13
Jonathan E Leeman, Sean M McBride, Daniel Spielsinger, Eric J Sherman, Richard Wong, Nadeem Riaz, Nancy Y Lee, Chiaojung Jillian Tsai
Exposure at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist collapse site on September 11, 2001 has been associated with increased cancer risk, though observational studies have identified very few cases of head and neck cancer (HNC) in exposed individuals. Eighty seven patients were identified who presented to our institution with HNC diagnosed from 2002-2017 who reported WTC exposure. The annual number and proportion of WTC-exposed HNC patients has been steadily increasing since 2002, with most cancers developing >10 years following the event...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352822/lower-respiratory-symptoms-associated-with-environmental-and-reconstruction-exposures-after-hurricane-sandy
#14
Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Hannah T Jordan, Robert M Brackbill
OBJECTIVE: In a population with prior exposure to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster, this study sought to determine the relationship between Hurricane Sandy-related inhalation exposures and post-Sandy lower respiratory symptoms (LRS). METHODS: Participants included 3835 WTC Health Registry enrollees who completed Wave 3 (2011-2012) and Hurricane Sandy (2013) surveys. The Sandy-related inhalational exposures examined were: (1) reconstruction exposure; (2) mold or damp environment exposure; and (3) other respiratory irritants exposure...
January 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334643/longitudinal-determinants-of-depression-among-world-trade-center-health-registry-enrollees-14-15-years-after-the-9-11-attacks
#15
Melanie H Jacobson, Christina Norman, Angela Nguyen, Robert M Brackbill
BACKGROUND: Exposure to the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks has been found to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid PTSD and depression up to 10-11 years post-disaster. However, little is known about the longitudinal predictors of mental health conditions over time. METHODS: We examined longitudinal determinants of depression within strata of PTSD among 21,258 enrollees of the World Trade Center Health Registry who completed four questionnaires over 14 years of follow-up (Wave 1 in 2003-04; Wave 2 in 2005-06; Wave 3 in 2011-12; and Wave 4 in 2015-16)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311410/high-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-subgenotype-d4-in-northeast-brazil-an-ancient-relic-from-african-continent
#16
Max D Cruz-Santos, Michele S Gomes-Gouvêa, Jomar D Costa-Nunes, Camila Malta-Romano, Marinilde Teles-Sousa, Lena M Fonseca-Barros, Flair J Carrilho, Adalgisa de S Paiva-Ferreira, João R Rebello-Pinho
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection leads to a chronic liver disease that is distributed worldwide. The characterization of HBV into genotypes/subgenotypes is not only a mere procedure for distinguishing different HBV strains around the world because determining their geographic distribution is crucial to understanding their spread across the world. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We characterized different HBV genotypes and subgenotypes in five municipalities located in northeastern Maranhão, in the Brazilian north Atlantic coast...
January 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260446/comorbidity-amplifies-the-effects-of-post-9-11-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-trajectories-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#17
Jiehui Li, Kimberly Caramanica Zweig, Robert M Brackbill, Mark R Farfel, James E Cone
PURPOSE: The present study aims to examine the impact of physical and mental health comorbidities on the association between post-9/11 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories over 10 years and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among 9/11-exposed persons. METHODS: 30,002 responding adult World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees reporting no pre-9/11 PTSD were studied. PTSD trajectories (chronic, delayed, remitted, no PTSD) were defined based on a 17-item PTSD Checklist-Specific to 9/11 across three waves of survey data...
March 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249908/parent-physical-and-mental-health-comorbidity-and-adolescent-behavior
#18
Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Robert M Brackbill
The objectives of this study were to ascertain behavioral outcomes 10-11 years after 9/11 in adolescents ages 11-18 years (0-8 years old at the time of 9/11) enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry (Registry), and relate these outcomes to their 9/11-exposures and to parent health. Behavioral difficulties among adolescents were assessed using the adolescent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Parental post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was assessed using a 9/11-specific PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version, a cut-off score of 44 or greater was considered probable PTSD...
2017: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249826/gene-expression-associated-with-ptsd-in-world-trade-center-responders-an-rna-sequencing-study
#19
Pei-Fen Kuan, Monika A Waszczuk, Roman Kotov, Sean Clouston, Xiaohua Yang, Prashant K Singh, Sean T Glenn, Eduardo Cortes Gomez, Jianmin Wang, Evelyn Bromet, Benjamin J Luft
The gene expression approach has provided promising insights into the pathophysiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, few studies used hypothesis-free transcriptome-wide approach to comprehensively understand gene expression underpinning PTSD. A transcriptome-wide expression study using RNA sequencing of whole blood was conducted in 324 World Trade Center responders (201 with never, 81 current, 42 past PTSD). Samples from current and never PTSD reponders were randomly split to form discovery (N = 195) and replication (N = 87) cohorts...
December 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246432/adolescents-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-collapse-have-elevated-serum-dioxin-and-furan-concentrations-more-than-12years-later
#20
Linda G Kahn, Xiaoxia Han, Tony T Koshy, Yongzhao Shao, Dinh Binh Chu, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Leonardo Trasande
BACKGROUND: The collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001 released a dust cloud containing numerous environmental contaminants, including polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). PCDD/Fs are toxic and are associated with numerous adverse health outcomes including cancer, diabetes, and impaired reproductive and immunologic function. Prior studies have found adults exposed to the WTC disaster to have elevated levels of PCDD/Fs...
February 2018: Environment International
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