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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450681/factors-related-to-the-probable-ptsd-after-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attack-among-asian-americans
#1
Winnie W Kung, Xinhua Liu, Debbie Huang, Patricia Kim, Xiaoran Wang, Lawrence H Yang
Despite the fact that Asians constituted a sizeable proportion of those exposed to the World Trade Center attack on September 11, 2001 due to its proximity to Chinatown and many South Asians working in the nearby buildings, no study had focused on examining the mental health impact of the attack in this group. Based on data collected by the World Trade Center Health Registry from a sample of 4721 Asians 2-3 years after the disaster, this study provides a baseline investigation for the prevalence and the risk and protective factors for PTSD among Asian Americans directly exposed to the attack and compared this population against 42,862 non-Hispanic Whites...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449669/predictive-biomarkers-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-barrett-s-esophagus-in-world-trade-center-exposed-firefighters-a-15-year-longitudinal-study
#2
Syed H Haider, Sophia Kwon, Rachel Lam, Audrey K Lee, Erin J Caraher, George Crowley, Liqun Zhang, Theresa M Schwartz, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Mengling Liu, David J Prezant, Anna Nolan
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Barrett's Esophagus (BE), which are prevalent in the World Trade Center (WTC) exposed and general populations, negatively impact quality of life and cost of healthcare. GERD, a risk factor of BE, is linked to obstructive airways disease (OAD). We aim to identify serum biomarkers of GERD/BE, and assess the respiratory and clinical phenotype of a longitudinal cohort of never-smoking, male, WTC-exposed rescue workers presenting with pulmonary symptoms. Biomarkers collected soon after WTC-exposure were evaluated in optimized predictive models of GERD/BE...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420544/carotenoid-coloration-and-health-status-of-urban-eurasian-kestrels-falco-tinnunculus
#3
Petra Sumasgutner, Marius Adrion, Anita Gamauf
As the world experiences rapid urban expansion, natural landscapes are being transformed into cities at an alarming rate. Consequently, urbanization is identified as one of the biggest environmental challenges of our time, yet we lack a clear understanding of how urbanization affects free-living organisms. Urbanization leads to habitat fragmentation and increased impervious surfaces affecting for example availability and quality of food. Urbanization is also associated with increased pollution levels that can affect organisms directly, via ecophysiological constraints and indirectly by disrupting trophic interactions in multi-species networks...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401643/review-of-non-respiratory-non-cancer-physical-health-conditions-from-exposure-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#4
REVIEW
Lisa M Gargano, Kimberly Mantilla, Monique Fairclough, Shengchao Yu, Robert M Brackbill
After the World Trade Center attacks on 11 September 2001 (9/11), multiple cohorts were developed to monitor the health outcomes of exposure. Respiratory and cancer effects have been covered at length. This current study sought to review the literature on other physical conditions associated with 9/11-exposure. Researchers searched seven databases for literature published in English from 2002 to October 2017, coded, and included articles for health condition outcome, population, 9/11-exposures, and comorbidity...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368332/head-and-neck-cancers-associated-with-exposure-to-the-september-11-2001-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks
#5
Jonathan E Leeman, Sean M McBride, Daniel Spielsinger, Eric J Sherman, Richard Wong, Nadeem Riaz, Nancy Y Lee, Chiaojung Jillian Tsai
Exposure at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist collapse site on September 11, 2001 has been associated with increased cancer risk, though observational studies have identified very few cases of head and neck cancer (HNC) in exposed individuals. Eighty seven patients were identified who presented to our institution with HNC diagnosed from 2002-2017 who reported WTC exposure. The annual number and proportion of WTC-exposed HNC patients has been steadily increasing since 2002, with most cancers developing >10 years following the event...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352822/lower-respiratory-symptoms-associated-with-environmental-and-reconstruction-exposures-after-hurricane-sandy
#6
Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Hannah T Jordan, Robert M Brackbill
OBJECTIVE: In a population with prior exposure to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster, this study sought to determine the relationship between Hurricane Sandy-related inhalation exposures and post-Sandy lower respiratory symptoms (LRS). METHODS: Participants included 3835 WTC Health Registry enrollees who completed Wave 3 (2011-2012) and Hurricane Sandy (2013) surveys. The Sandy-related inhalational exposures examined were: (1) reconstruction exposure; (2) mold or damp environment exposure; and (3) other respiratory irritants exposure...
January 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334643/longitudinal-determinants-of-depression-among-world-trade-center-health-registry-enrollees-14-15-years-after-the-9-11-attacks
#7
Melanie H Jacobson, Christina Norman, Angela Nguyen, Robert M Brackbill
BACKGROUND: Exposure to the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks has been found to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid PTSD and depression up to 10-11 years post-disaster. However, little is known about the longitudinal predictors of mental health conditions over time. METHODS: We examined longitudinal determinants of depression within strata of PTSD among 21,258 enrollees of the World Trade Center Health Registry who completed four questionnaires over 14 years of follow-up (Wave 1 in 2003-04; Wave 2 in 2005-06; Wave 3 in 2011-12; and Wave 4 in 2015-16)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311410/high-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-subgenotype-d4-in-northeast-brazil-an-ancient-relic-from-african-continent
#8
Max D Cruz-Santos, Michele S Gomes-Gouvêa, Jomar D Costa-Nunes, Camila Malta-Romano, Marinilde Teles-Sousa, Lena M Fonseca-Barros, Flair J Carrilho, Adalgisa de S Paiva-Ferreira, João R Rebello-Pinho
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection leads to a chronic liver disease that is distributed worldwide. The characterization of HBV into genotypes/subgenotypes is not only a mere procedure for distinguishing different HBV strains around the world because determining their geographic distribution is crucial to understanding their spread across the world. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We characterized different HBV genotypes and subgenotypes in five municipalities located in northeastern Maranhão, in the Brazilian north Atlantic coast...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260446/comorbidity-amplifies-the-effects-of-post-9-11-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-trajectories-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#9
Jiehui Li, Kimberly Caramanica Zweig, Robert M Brackbill, Mark R Farfel, James E Cone
PURPOSE: The present study aims to examine the impact of physical and mental health comorbidities on the association between post-9/11 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories over 10 years and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among 9/11-exposed persons. METHODS: 30,002 responding adult World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees reporting no pre-9/11 PTSD were studied. PTSD trajectories (chronic, delayed, remitted, no PTSD) were defined based on a 17-item PTSD Checklist-Specific to 9/11 across three waves of survey data...
December 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249908/parent-physical-and-mental-health-comorbidity-and-adolescent-behavior
#10
Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Robert M Brackbill
The objectives of this study were to ascertain behavioral outcomes 10-11 years after 9/11 in adolescents ages 11-18 years (0-8 years old at the time of 9/11) enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry (Registry), and relate these outcomes to their 9/11-exposures and to parent health. Behavioral difficulties among adolescents were assessed using the adolescent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Parental post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was assessed using a 9/11-specific PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version, a cut-off score of 44 or greater was considered probable PTSD...
2017: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249826/gene-expression-associated-with-ptsd-in-world-trade-center-responders-an-rna-sequencing-study
#11
Pei-Fen Kuan, Monika A Waszczuk, Roman Kotov, Sean Clouston, Xiaohua Yang, Prashant K Singh, Sean T Glenn, Eduardo Cortes Gomez, Jianmin Wang, Evelyn Bromet, Benjamin J Luft
The gene expression approach has provided promising insights into the pathophysiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, few studies used hypothesis-free transcriptome-wide approach to comprehensively understand gene expression underpinning PTSD. A transcriptome-wide expression study using RNA sequencing of whole blood was conducted in 324 World Trade Center responders (201 with never, 81 current, 42 past PTSD). Samples from current and never PTSD reponders were randomly split to form discovery (N = 195) and replication (N = 87) cohorts...
December 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246432/adolescents-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-collapse-have-elevated-serum-dioxin-and-furan-concentrations-more-than-12years-later
#12
Linda G Kahn, Xiaoxia Han, Tony T Koshy, Yongzhao Shao, Dinh Binh Chu, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Leonardo Trasande
BACKGROUND: The collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001 released a dust cloud containing numerous environmental contaminants, including polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). PCDD/Fs are toxic and are associated with numerous adverse health outcomes including cancer, diabetes, and impaired reproductive and immunologic function. Prior studies have found adults exposed to the WTC disaster to have elevated levels of PCDD/Fs...
December 2, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201993/traumatic-exposures-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-cognitive-functioning-in-world-trade-center-responders
#13
Sean Clouston, Robert H Pietrzak, Roman Kotov, Marcus Richards, Avron Spiro, Stacey Scott, Yael Deri, Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Candace Stewart, Evelyn Bromet, Benjamin J Luft
Introduction: This study examined whether World Trade Center (WTC)-related exposures and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were associated with cognitive function and whether WTC responders' cognition differed from normative data. Methods: A computer-assisted neuropsychological battery was administered to a prospective cohort study of 1193 WTC responders with no history of stroke or WTC-related head injuries. Data were linked to information collected prospectively since 2002...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199867/relevance-of-global-health-security-to-the-us-export-economy
#14
Cynthia H Cassell, Zoe Bambery, Kakoli Roy, Martin I Meltzer, Zara Ahmed, Rebecca L Payne, Rebecca E Bunnell
To reduce the health security risk and impact of outbreaks around the world, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and its partners are building capabilities to prevent, detect, and contain outbreaks in 49 global health security priority countries. We examine the extent of economic vulnerability to the US export economy posed by trade disruptions in these 49 countries. Using 2015 US Department of Commerce data, we assessed the value of US exports and the number of US jobs supported by those exports...
December 4, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165779/resilience-to-post-traumatic-stress-among-world-trade-center-survivors-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Lisa M Gargano, Sindhushree Hosakote, Qi Zhi, Kristine A Qureshi, Robyn R Gershon
The purpose of this study was to identify individual characteristics, behaviors, and psychosocial factors associated with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among World Trade Center (WTC) disaster evacuation survivors. The study utilized a mixed-method design. In-depth interviews were conducted using a prepared script. PTSD was assessed using the PTSD checklist-civilian (PCL-C; a score ≥ 50 indicates probable PTSD). Thematic analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with PTSD. A purposive sample of 29 WTC evacuees was recruited using a multimodal recruitment strategy...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148090/assessment-of-cumulative-health-risk-in-the-world-trade-center-general-responder-cohort
#16
Ghalib A Bello, Susan L Teitelbaum, Roberto G Lucchini, Christopher R Dasaro, Moshe Shapiro, Julia R Kaplan, Michael A Crane, Denise J Harrison, Benjamin J Luft, Jacqueline M Moline, Iris G Udasin, Andrew C Todd
BACKGROUND: Multiple comorbidities have been reported among rescue/recovery workers responding to the 9/11/2001 WTC disaster. In this study, we developed an index that quantifies the cumulative physiological burden of comorbidities and predicts life expectancy in this cohort. METHODS: A machine learning approach (gradient boosting) was used to model the relationship between mortality and several clinical parameters (laboratory test results, blood pressure, pulmonary function measures)...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131407/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-gender-and-risk-factors-world-trade-center-tower-survivors-10-to-11-years-after-the-september-11-2001-attacks
#17
Rosemarie M Bowler, Shane W Adams, Vihra V Gocheva, Jiehui Li, Donna Mergler, Robert Brackbill, James E Cone
Ten to eleven years after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was evaluated in 1,755 World Trade Center (WTC) evacuees based on data from the WTC Health Registry. Characteristics of men and women were compared and factors associated with PTSD symptom severity were examined using the PTSD Checklist (PCL). Compared with men (n = 1,015, 57.8%), women (n = 740, 42.2%) were younger and of lower socioeconomic status. Ten to eleven years after September 11, 2001, 13...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124117/proton-pump-inhibitors-and-the-risk-of-severe-cognitive-impairment-the%C3%A2-role-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Sean A P Clouston, Oren Shapira, Roman Kotov, Lan Lei, Monika Waszczuk, Evelyn J Bromet, Benjamin J Luft
Introduction: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), a common treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), were recently associated with increased risk of dementia. However, severe or chronic stress including, for example, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was not accounted for. This study examined whether PPI use was associated with severe cognitive impairment (SCI) and whether PTSD explained this association in a cohort of World Trade Center (WTC) responders. Method: A prospective cohort study of 3779 WTC responders attending a university-based monitoring and treatment program...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099614/blood-leukocyte-concentrations-fev1-decline-and-airflow-limitation-a-15-year-longitudinal-study-of-wtc-exposed-firefighters
#19
Rachel Zeig-Owens, Ankura Singh, Thomas K Aldrich, Charles B Hall, Theresa Schwartz, Mayris P Webber, Hillel W Cohen, Kerry J Kelly, Anna Nolan, David J Prezant, Michael D Weiden
RATIONALE: Rescue/recovery work at the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster site caused a proximate decline in lung function in Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) firefighters. A subset of this cohort experienced an accelerated rate of lung function decline over 15 years of post-9/11 follow-up. OBJECTIVES: To determine if post-exposure inflammatory cell concentrations are biomarkers for subsequent forced expiratory volume (FEV1) decline and incident airflow limitation...
November 3, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069108/the-prevalence-characteristics-and-correlates-of-anger-among-survivors-of-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attacks
#20
Duy Vu Tran, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: Anger is a prominent and common emotion in postdisaster settings. However, there has been little systematic investigation of the association of anger with psychopathology or other individual characteristics in disaster survivors. This study examined anger responses reported by disaster survivors and correlates of that anger. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with a volunteer sample of 379 employees of 7 agencies that were highly affected by the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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