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Bright light therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912106/a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-for-bright-light-therapy-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-depression-study-protocol-and-obstacle-management
#1
Pauline C M Hamers, Heleen M Evenhuis, Heidi Hermans
Due to the limited cognitive and communicative abilities of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), current treatment options for depression are often limited to lifestyle changes and pharmacological treatment. Bright light therapy (BLT) is an effective intervention for both seasonal and non-seasonal depression in the general population. BLT is an inexpensive, easy to carry out intervention with minimal side effects. However, knowledge on its anti-depressant effect in adults with ID is lacking. Obstacles in realizing a controlled intervention study in this particular study population may have contributed to this lack...
November 29, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851868/pharmacotherapies-for-sleep-disturbances-in-dementia
#2
REVIEW
Jenny McCleery, Daniel A Cohen, Ann L Sharpley
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances, including reduced nocturnal sleep time, sleep fragmentation, nocturnal wandering, and daytime sleepiness are common clinical problems in dementia, and are associated with significant caregiver distress, increased healthcare costs, and institutionalisation. Drug treatment is often sought to alleviate these problems, but there is significant uncertainty about the efficacy and adverse effects of the various hypnotic drugs in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects, including common adverse effects, of any drug treatment versus placebo for sleep disorders in people with dementia, through identification and analysis of all relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
November 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835725/bright-light-therapy-as-augmentation-of-pharmacotherapy-for-treatment-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Thomas M Penders, Cornel N Stanciu, Alexander M Schoemann, Philip T Ninan, Richard Bloch, Sy A Saeed
Background: Bright light therapy has demonstrated efficacy and is an accepted treatment for seasonal depression. It has been suggested that bright light therapy may have efficacy in nonseasonal depressions. Also, there is evidence that bright light therapy may improve responsiveness to antidepressant pharmacotherapy. Data Sources: We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus, and Academic OneFile for English-language literature published between January 1998 and April 2016, using the keywords bright light therapy AND major depression, bright light therapy AND depress*, bright light therapy AND bipolar depression, bright light therapy AND affective disorders, circadian rhythm AND major depression, circadian rhythm AND depress*, and circadian rhythm AND affective disorder...
October 20, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835724/a-systematic-review-of-bright-light-therapy-for-eating-disorders
#4
Marshall T Beauchamp, Jennifer D Lundgren
Objective: Bright light therapy is a noninvasive biological intervention for disorders with nonnormative circadian features. Eating disorders, particularly those with binge-eating and night-eating features, have documented nonnormative circadian eating and mood patterns, suggesting that bright light therapy may be an efficacious stand-alone or adjunctive intervention. The purpose of this systematic literature review, using PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines, was (1) to evaluate the state of the empirical treatment outcome literature on bright light therapy for eating disorders and (2) to explore the timing of eating behavior, mood, and sleep-related symptom change so as to understand potential mechanisms of bright light therapy action in the context of eating disorder treatment...
October 27, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821114/bright-light-therapy-in-pregnant-women-with-major-depressive-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Babette Bais, Astrid M Kamperman, Marjolein D van der Zwaag, Gwen C Dieleman, Hanneke W Harmsen van der Vliet-Torij, Hilmar H Bijma, Ritsaert Lieverse, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg
BACKGROUND: Depression during pregnancy is a common and high impact disease. Generally, 5-10 % of pregnant women suffer from depression. Children who have been exposed to maternal depression during pregnancy have a higher risk of adverse birth outcomes and more often show cognitive, emotional and behavioural problems. Therefore, early detection and treatment of antepartum depression is necessary. Both psychotherapy and antidepressant medication, first choice treatments in a non-pregnant population, have limitations in treating depression during pregnancy...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814712/chronobiology-sleep-related-risk-factors-and-light-therapy-in-perinatal-depression-the-life-on-project
#6
Simone Baiardi, Fabio Cirignotta, Alessandro Cicolin, Corrado Garbazza, Armando D'Agostino, Orsola Gambini, Alessandra Giordano, Mariapaola Canevini, Elena Zambrelli, Anna Maria Marconi, Susanna Mondini, Stefan Borgwardt, Christian Cajochen, Nicola Rizzo, Mauro Manconi
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression (PND) has an overall estimated prevalence of roughly 12 %. Untreated PND has significant negative consequences not only on the health of the mothers, but also on the physical, emotional and cognitive development of their children. No certain risk factors are known to predict PND and no completely safe drug treatments are available during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Sleep and depression are strongly related to each other because of a solid reciprocal causal relationship...
November 4, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802556/effect-of-osteopathic-cranial-manipulative-medicine-on-visual-function
#7
Mark E Sandhouse, Diana Shechtman, Gregory Fecho, Elena M Timoshkin
CONTEXT: The effects of osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine (OCMM) on visual function have been poorly characterized in the literature. Based on a pilot study conducted by their research group, the authors conducted a study that examined whether OCMM produced a measurable change in visual function in adults with cranial asymmetry. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, double-blinded clinical trial. The intervention and control (sham therapy) were applied during 8 weekly visits, and participants in both groups received 8 weekly follow-up visits...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796397/luminescent-ruthenium-polypyridyl-complexes-with-extended-dppz-like-ligands-as-dna-targeting-binders-and-cellular-agents
#8
Bjørn C Poulsen, Sandra Estalayo-Adrián, Salvador Blasco, Sandra A Bright, John M Kelly, D Clive Williams, Thorfinnur Gunnlaugsson
Four new Ru(ii) polypyridyl complexes that contain an extended aromatic moiety derived from pyrazino[2,3-h]dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine and either 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) or 1,4,5,8-tetraazaphenanthrene (TAP) have been synthesized, their solid state X-ray crystal structure determined and their photophysical and biological properties evaluated. Their interactions with DNA have been studied, and they have been tested for their potential as photodynamic therapeutic (PDT) agents in the treatment of cancer...
October 31, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791223/non-pharmacological-interventions-to-prevent-or-treat-delirium-in-older-patients-clinical-practice-recommendations-the-senator-ontop-series
#9
I Abraha, J M Rimland, F Trotta, V Pierini, A Cruz-Jentoft, R Soiza, D O'Mahony, A Cherubini
DESCRIPTION: The ONTOP project aims to undertake a literature search of systematic reviews concerning evidence-based non-pharmacological interventions of prevalent medical conditions affecting older people, including delirium. OBJECTIVES: To develop explicit and transparent recommendations for non-pharmacological interventions in older subjects at risk of developing delirium, as well as in older subjects with delirium, based on the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to rating the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769202/a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-effect-of-bright-light-therapy-on-depression-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Sonja Rutten, Chris Vriend, Jan H Smit, Henk W Berendse, Adriaan W Hoogendoorn, Odile A van den Heuvel, Ysbrand D van der Werf
BACKGROUND: A disturbed circadian rhythm seems to be a causal factor in the occurrence of depressive disorders in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The circadian rhythm can be restored with light. Therefore, Bright Light Therapy (BLT) might be a new treatment option for depression in PD patients. METHODS/DESIGN: In this double-blind controlled trial, 84 subjects with idiopathic PD are randomized to either BLT or a control light condition. The BLT condition emits white light with an intensity of 10,000 Lux, while the control device emits dim white light of 200 Lux, which is presumed to be too low to influence the circadian rhythm...
October 21, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759377/fighting-cancer-with-corroles
#11
Ruijie D Teo, Jae Youn Hwang, John Termini, Zeev Gross, Harry B Gray
Corroles are exceptionally promising platforms for the development of agents for simultaneous cancer-targeting imaging and therapy. Depending on the element chelated by the corrole, these theranostic agents may be tuned primarily for diagnostic or therapeutic function. Versatile synthetic methodologies allow for the preparation of amphipolar derivatives, which form stable noncovalent conjugates with targeting biomolecules. These conjugates can be engineered for imaging and targeting as well as therapeutic function within one theranostic assembly...
October 19, 2016: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748241/effects-of-melatonin-and-bright-light-treatment-in-childhood-chronic-sleep-onset-insomnia-with-late-melatonin-onset-a-randomised-controlled-study
#12
Annette van Maanen, Anne Marie Meijer, Marcel G Smits, Kristiaan B van der Heijden, Frans J Oort
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Chronic sleep onset insomnia with late melatonin onset is prevalent in childhood, and has negative daytime consequences. Melatonin treatment is known to be effective in treating these sleep problems. Bright light therapy might be an alternative treatment, with potential advantages over melatonin treatment. In this study, we compare the effects of melatonin and bright light treatment with a placebo condition in children with chronic sleep onset insomnia and late melatonin onset...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568303/a-pilot-study-of-bright-light-therapy-in-schizophrenia
#13
Sheetal Madhvi Roopram, Andreas Michael Burger, Dyllis Aimée van Dijk, John Enterman, Judith Haffmans
: Negative symptoms and episodes of major depressive disorder in patients with schizophrenia are common and there is an overlap in symptoms. Unfortunately, there is no effective primary treatment for negative symptoms yet. Depressive disorder in patients with schizophrenia is associated with a decreased quality of life and an increased risk of psychotic relapses. Previous research has shown that Bright Light Therapy (BLT) has a positive impact on negative symptoms of patients with schizophrenia...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565102/purls-light-therapy-for-nonseasonal-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Kehinde Eniola, Angela Bacigalupo, Anne Mounsey
While bright light therapy already has a place in the treatment of seasonal affective disorder, a recent trial spotlights its utility beyond the winter months.
July 2016: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564418/tissue-specific-near-infrared-fluorescence-imaging
#15
Eric A Owens, Maged Henary, Georges El Fakhri, Hak Soo Choi
Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence light has been widely utilized in clinical imaging by providing surgeons highly specific images of target tissue. The "NIR window" from 650 to 900 nm is especially useful due to several special features such as minimal autofluorescence and absorption of biomolecules in tissue, as well as low light scattering. Compared with visible wavelengths, NIR fluorescence light is invisible, thus allowing highly sensitivity real-time image guidance in human surgery without changing the surgical field...
September 20, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543445/5-aminolevulinic-acid-coated-microneedles-for-photodynamic-therapy-of-skin-tumors
#16
Amit K Jain, Chang Hyun Lee, Harvinder S Gill
This study evaluated the potential of coated microneedles for improved dermal delivery of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), which naturally gets converted by cells of the tissue in to a photosensitizer called protoporphyrin IX (PPIX). Microneedle patches containing 57 microneedles were coated with 5-ALA using an in-house developed micro-precision dip coater. The coating process was optimized to achieve higher 5-ALA loading on microneedles and a high delivery efficiency into porcine cadaver skin. Using 5 dips with 25% w/v 5-ALA solution, a mass of about 350μg of 5-ALA was coated per patch, which gave a delivery efficiency of about 90% in porcine cadaver skin...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532786/effectiveness-of-bright-light-therapy-on-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults-with-non-seasonal-depression-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Shu-Yi Huang, Huei-Chuan Sung, Hsin-Feng Su
REVIEW QUESTION: What is the effectiveness of bright light therapy (BLT) on depressive symptoms in older adults with non-seasonal depression? REVIEW OBJECTIVE: The review objective is to determine the current evidence related to the effectiveness of BLT on depressive symptoms in older adults with non-seasonal depression.
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486484/prevention-of-fatigue-and-insomnia-in-shift-workers-a-review-of-non-pharmacological-measures
#18
REVIEW
Kneginja Richter, Jens Acker, Sophia Adam, Guenter Niklewski
BACKGROUND: Excessive fatigue and insomnia are common among shift workers and can lead to negative effects such as reduced work performance, processing errors, accidents at work, absenteeism, reduced quality of life, and symptoms of depression. Moreover, work in rotating shifts can be a risk factor for different somatic and psychiatric diseases and may contribute to poor health, especially in elder adults and women. This review aims to show non-pharmacological preventive measures against fatigue and insomnia in shift workers...
2016: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476067/treatment-of-sleep-disorders-in-dementia
#19
REVIEW
Sharon Ooms, Yo-El Ju
Sleep and circadian disorders occur frequently in all types of dementia. Due to the multifactorial nature of sleep problems in dementia, we propose a structured approach to the evaluation and treatment of these patients. Primary sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea should be treated first. Comorbid conditions and medications that impact sleep should be optimally managed to minimize negative effects on sleep. Patients and caregivers should maintain good sleep hygiene, and social and physical activity should be encouraged during the daytime...
September 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421070/antimicrobial-photodynamic-inactivation-a-bright-new-technique-to-kill-resistant-microbes
#20
REVIEW
Michael R Hamblin
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses photosensitizers (non-toxic dyes) that are activated by absorption of visible light to form reactive oxygen species (including singlet oxygen) that can oxidize biomolecules and destroy cells. Antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation (aPDI) can treat localized infections. aPDI neither causes any resistance to develop in microbes, nor is affected by existing drug resistance status. We discuss some recent developments in aPDI. New photosensitizers including polycationic conjugates, stable synthetic bacteriochlorins and functionalized fullerenes are described...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Microbiology
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