Read by QxMD icon Read

IL-1 AND Asthma

Yuan Ma, Jia-Xiang Zhang, Ya-Nan Liu, Ai Ge, Hao Gu, Wang-Jian Zha, Xiao-Ning Zeng, Mao Huang
In the pathophysiology of asthma, structural cell dysfunction and concomitant microenvironment changes in airways are crucial to pathological progression, which involves oxidative stress. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) is an active anti-oxidative component obtained from propolis, and has been shown to have beneficial effects on several respiratory disorders, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer. However, the impact of CAPE on asthma is not well understood. Therefore, this study investigated the advantages of using CAPE to treat asthma and demonstrated the roles of CAPE in the regulation of airway microenvironments...
October 13, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Cecilia K Andersson, Alexandra Adams, Prasad Nagakumar, Cara Bossley, Atul Gupta, Daphne De Vries, Afiqah Adnan, Andrew Bush, Sejal Saglani, Clare M Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils and IL-17A have been linked mechanistically in models of allergic airways disease and have been associated with asthma severity. However, their role in paediatric asthma is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of neutrophils and the IL-17A pathway in mediating paediatric severe therapy resistant asthma (STRA). METHODS: Children with STRA (n=51, age 12.6 (6 -16.3) years) and non-asthmatic controls (n=15, age 4...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Konrad Pazdrak, Christof Straub, Rosario Maroto, Susan Stafford, Wendy I White, William J Calhoun, Alexander Kurosky
The mechanisms contributing to persistent eosinophil activation and poor eosinopenic response to glucocorticoids in severe asthma are poorly defined. We examined the effect of cytokines typically overexpressed in the asthmatic airways on glucocorticoid signaling in in vitro activated eosinophils. An annexin V assay used to measure eosinophil apoptosis showed that cytokine combinations of IL-2 plus IL-4 as well as TNF-α plus IFN-γ, or IL-3, GM-CSF, and IL-5 alone significantly diminished the proapoptotic response to dexamethasone...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Yen Leong Chua, Ka Hang Liong, Chiung-Hui Huang, Hok Sum Wong, Qian Zhou, Say Siong Ler, Yafang Tang, Chin Pei Low, Hui Yu Koh, I-Chun Kuo, Yongliang Zhang, W S Fred Wong, Hong Yong Peh, Hwee Ying Lim, Moyar Qing Ge, Angela Haczku, Veronique Angeli, Paul A MacAry, Kaw Yan Chua, David M Kemeny
Previous studies have highlighted the importance of lung-draining lymph nodes in the respiratory allergic immune response, whereas the lung parenchymal immune system has been largely neglected. We describe a new in vivo model of respiratory sensitization to Blomia tropicalis, the principal asthma allergen in the tropics, in which the immune response is focused on the lung parenchyma by transfer of Th2 cells from a novel TCR transgenic mouse, specific for the major B. tropicalis allergen Blo t 5, that targets the lung rather than the draining lymph nodes...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Yu Lin Tsai, Wang-Sheng Ko, Jung-Lung Hsiao, Hsin-Hung Pan, Ya-Ling Chiou
INTRODUCTION: In the pathogenesis of asthma, an imbalance between helper T (Th) 1/Th2 and Th17/Treg cells is believed to play a key role in asthmatic inflammatory responses. Some studies indicated that zinc deficiency increases inflammatory factor production and worsens asthma. However, the effects of zinc on T cell profiles to reduce inflammatory response remain unclear Objectives: We investigated the beneficial effects of zinc on isolated cell populations and cytokine levels from patients with asthma...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Paula J Busse, Janette M Birmingham, Agustin Calatroni, Joseph Manzi, Anna Goryachokovsky, Giselle Fontela, Alex Federman, Juan Wisnivesky
BACKGROUND: Aged asthma patients experience increased morbidity and mortality. Knowledge of the aging effect on airway inflammation and asthma control is limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare airway inflammation and its relationship with asthma control in aged vs. younger patients and determine if differences are asthma-specific or due to "inflamm-aging." METHODS: Prospective study of aged (>60 years) and younger (21-40 years) inner-city asthma patients...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Stefan Palme, Robert H Christenson, Saeed A Jortani, Richard E Ostlund, Ruediger Kolm, Guido Kopal, Ruediger P Laubender
OBJECTIVE: The multifunctional cytokine IL-13 is thought to play a central role in Type 2 inflammation in asthma. Serum periostin has been explored as a candidate biomarker for evaluating IL-13 activity in the airway. We describe the technical performance characteristics of a novel, fully automated immunoassay for the determination of periostin in serum. DESIGN AND METHODS: Limit of blank [LoB], limit of detection [LoD] and limit of quantitation [LoQ], linearity, precision and reproducibility across sites and lots were evaluated according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines...
October 8, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Fiorentina Roviezzo, Rosalinda Sorrentino, Valentina Mattera Iacono, Vincenzo Brancaleone, Michela Terlizzi, Maria Antonietta Riemma, Antonio Bertolino, Antonietta Rossi, Maria Matteis, Giuseppe Spaziano, Aldo Pinto, Bruno D'Agostino, Giuseppe Cirino
Compelling evidence suggests the involvement of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in the pathogenesis of asthma. The systemic administration of S1P causes asthma like features in the mouse involving mast cells. In this study we investigated whether disodium cromoglycate (DSCG), administered as a preventative treatment as in human therapy, could affect S1P effects on airways. BALB/c mice, treated with DSCG, received subcutaneous administration of S1P. Bronchi and pulmonary tissues were collected and functional, molecular and cellular studies were performed...
October 3, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Michael B Cheung, Viviana Sampayo-Escobar, Ryan Green, Martin L Moore, Subhra Mohapatra, Shyam S Mohapatra
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has been reported to infect human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) but the consequences are poorly understood. MSCs are present in nearly every organ including the nasal mucosa and the lung and play a role in regulating immune responses and mediating tissue repair. We sought to determine whether RSV infection of MSCs enhances their immune regulatory functions and contributes to RSV-associated lung disease. RSV was shown to replicate in human MSCs by fluorescence microscopy, plaque assay, and expression of RSV transcripts...
2016: PloS One
Isabelle Karine da Costa Nunes, Everton Tenório de Souza, Suzana Vanessa S Cardozo, Vinicius de Frias Carvalho, Nelilma Correia Romeiro, Patrícia Machado Rodrigues E Silva, Marco Aurélio Martins, Eliezer J Barreiro, Lídia Moreira Lima
Prior investigations showed that increased levels of cyclic AMP down-regulate lung inflammatory changes, stimulating the interest in phosphodiesterase (PDE)4 as therapeutic target. Here, we described the synthesis, pharmacological profile and docking properties of a novel sulfonamide series (5 and 6a-k) designed as PDE4 inhibitors. Compounds were screened for their selectivity against the four isoforms of human PDE4 using an IMAP fluorescence polarized protocol. The effect on allergen- or LPS-induced lung inflammation and airway hyper-reactivity (AHR) was studied in A/J mice, while the xylazine/ketamine-induced anesthesia test was employed as a behavioral correlate of emesis in rodents...
2016: PloS One
Hussein H Mwanga, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie, Tanusha S Singh, Kalavati Channa, Mohamed F Jeebhay
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between exposure to organophosphate (OP) and pyrethroid (PYR) pesticides with serum cytokine patterns and asthma-related outcomes among rural women workers. A cross-sectional study was conducted among rural women (n = 211), including those working and living on farms and nearby town dwellers. Pesticide exposure was assessed using urinary metabolite concentrations of OP and PYR pesticides. Health outcome assessment was ascertained through the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) questionnaire, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), and serum cytokines associated with asthma...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Xiaoqiong Su, Jue Pan, Fengxi Bai, Honglei Yuan, Nian Dong, Dandan Li, Xiangdong Wang, Zhihong Chen
BACKGROUND: Asthma is prone to Th2-mediated chronic airway inflammation. Interleukin-27 (IL-27) is a member of the IL-12 family that promotes the differentiation of Th1 cells and inhibits Th2 cells. We use human/mouse CD4(+) T cells to see whether IL-27 could inhibit IL-4 production in vitro and then observe whether IL-27 administration could alleviate allergic airway inflammation in vivo by mice asthma model. METHODS: We isolated and cultured CD4(+) T cells from healthy humans and mice to test whether IL-27 could inhibit IL-4 production under different conditions...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
H P T Ammon
: Boswellic acids, which are pentacyclic triterpenes belong to the active pharmacological compounds of the oleogum resin of different Boswellia species. In the resin, more than 12 different boswellic acids have been identified but only KBA and AKBA received significant pharmacological interest. Biological Activity: In an extract of the resin of Boswellia species multiple factors are responsible for the final outcome of a therapeutic effect, be it synergistic or antagonistic. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory actions of BAs are caused by different mechanisms of action...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Zhiwei Ang, Jun Zhi Er, Nguan Soon Tan, Jinhua Lu, Yih-Cherng Liou, Johannes Grosse, Jeak Ling Ding
Knockout mice studies implicate the mammalian short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) receptors, FFAR2 and FFAR3- in colitis, arthritis and asthma. However, the correlation with human biology is uncertain. Here, we detected FFAR2 and FFAR3 expression in human monocytes via immunohistochemistry. Upon treatment with acetate SCFA or FFAR2- and FFAR3-specific synthetic agonists, human monocytes displayed elevated p38 phosphorylation and attenuated C5, CCL1, CCL2, GM-CSF, IL-1α, IL-1β and ICAM-1 inflammatory cytokine expression...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Enrica Zucca, Emanuela Corsini, Valentina Galbiati, Anna Lange-Consiglio, Francesco Ferrucci
BACKGROUND: Data obtained in both animal models and clinical trials suggest that cell-based therapies represent a potential therapeutic strategy for lung repair and remodeling. Recently, new therapeutic approaches based on the use of stem cell derivatives (e.g., conditioned medium (CM) and microvesicles (MVs)) to regenerate tissues and improve their functions were proposed. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunomodulatory effects of equine amniotic mesenchymal cell derivatives on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cytokine production in equine alveolar macrophages, which may be beneficial in lung inflammatory disorders such as recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) in horses...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
J da Silva, C Hilzendeger, C Moermans, F Schleich, M Henket, T Kebadze, P Mallia, M R Edwards, S L Johnston, R Louis
BACKGROUND: Interferons play an important role in innate immunity. Previous studies report deficiency in virus induction of interferon (IFN)-α, IFN-β and IFN-λ in bronchial epithelial and bronchial lavage cells in atopic asthmatics. It is now recognized that asthma is a heterogeneous disease comprising different inflammatory phenotypes, some of which may involve innate immune activation in the absence of overt infection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the severity of asthma or a specific cellular sputum pattern may be linked to evidence of innate immune activation...
September 13, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Kei E Fujimura, Alexandra R Sitarik, Suzanne Havstad, Din L Lin, Sophia Levan, Douglas Fadrosh, Ariane R Panzer, Brandon LaMere, Elze Rackaityte, Nicholas W Lukacs, Ganesa Wegienka, Homer A Boushey, Dennis R Ownby, Edward M Zoratti, Albert M Levin, Christine C Johnson, Susan V Lynch
Gut microbiota bacterial depletions and altered metabolic activity at 3 months are implicated in childhood atopy and asthma. We hypothesized that compositionally distinct human neonatal gut microbiota (NGM) exist, and are differentially related to relative risk (RR) of childhood atopy and asthma. Using stool samples (n = 298; aged 1-11 months) from a US birth cohort and 16S rRNA sequencing, neonates (median age, 35 d) were divisible into three microbiota composition states (NGM1-3). Each incurred a substantially different RR for multisensitized atopy at age 2 years and doctor-diagnosed asthma at age 4 years...
October 2016: Nature Medicine
Doreen E Szollosi, Ola A M Ghoneim, Mohammed K Manzoor, Jyothi Dhuguru, Ivan O Edafiogho
Pro-inflammatory mediators including TNF-alpha, IL-6, and nitric oxide are important for the regulation of the immune response when an infection is present, but when overproduced, it can be responsible for the development of tissue and organ injury seen in sepsis, as well as severe asthma, and autoimmune diseases such as Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Data from our lab to characterize the novel compound enaminone E121 have suggested that macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) release significantly decreased levels of TNF-alpha and IL-6 as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay as compared to the DMSO control group...
September 10, 2016: Inflammation
Zhihong Chen, Jue Pan, Yi Jia, Dandan Li, Zhihui Min, Xiaoqiong Su, Honglei Yuan, Geng Shen, Shengxuan Cao, Lei Zhu, Xiangdong Wang
BACKGROUND: Recent data have demonstrated that long-lived memory T cells are present in the human lung and can play significant roles in the pathogenesis of specific allergic and autoimmune diseases. However, most evidence has been obtained from mouse studies, and the potential roles of memory T cells in human allergic diseases, such as asthma, remain largely unknown. METHODS: Thirty-three asthmatics, 26 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, and 22 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study...
August 31, 2016: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Da-Zhen Wei, Xian-Yang Guo, Li-Na Lin, Meng-Xiang Lin, Yu-Qiang Gong, Bin-Yu Ying, Ming-Yuan Huang
Angelicin, a furocoumarin found in Psoralea corylifolia L. fruit, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the protective effects of angelicin on allergic asthma induced by ovalbumin (OVA) in mice. Mice were sensitized to OVA (on days 0 and 14) and challenged with OVA three times (on days 21 to 23). Angelicin (2.5, 5, 10 mg/kg) was given intraperitoneally 1 h before OVA treatment after the initial OVA sensitization. The production of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 in BALF and IgE in the serum were measured by ELISA...
August 31, 2016: Inflammation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"