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Group training and stroke

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909230/the-protective-role-of-sex-hormones-in-females-and-exercise-prehabilitation-in-males-on-sternotomy-induced-cranial-hypoperfusion-in-aortic-banded-mini-swine
#1
T Dylan Olver, Jessica A Hiemstra, Jenna C Edwards, Brian S Ferguson, Harold Laughlin, Craig A Emter
During cardiac surgery, specifically sternotomy, cranial hypoperfusion is linked to cerebral ischemia, increased risk of perioperative watershed stroke and other neurocognitive complications. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively examine the effect of sex hormones in females and exercise prehabilitation in males on median sternotomy-induced changes in cranial perfusion in a large animal model of heart failure. Cranial blood flow (CBF) before, 10- and 60 min post-sternotomy was analyzed in eight groups of Yucatan mini-swine: female-control, aortic-banded, ovariectomized, and ovariectomized+aortic-banded; male-control, aortic-banded, aortic-banded+continuous exercise trained, and aortic-banded+interval exercise trained...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909071/does-task-specific-training-improve-upper-limb-performance-in-daily-life-poststroke
#2
Kimberly J Waddell, Michael J Strube, Ryan R Bailey, Joseph W Klaesner, Rebecca L Birkenmeier, Alexander W Dromerick, Catherine E Lang
Background A common assumption is that changes in upper limb (UL) capacity, or what an individual is capable of doing, translates to improved UL performance in daily life, or what an individual actually does. This assumption should be explicitly tested for individuals with UL paresis poststroke. Objective To examine changes in UL performance after an intensive, individualized, progressive, task-specific UL intervention for individuals at least 6 months poststroke. Methods Secondary analysis on 78 individuals with UL paresis who participated in a phase II, single-blind, randomized parallel dose-response trial...
December 1, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903541/lifelong-physical-activity-regardless-of-dose-is-not-associated-with-myocardial-fibrosis
#3
Shuaib M Abdullah, Kyler W Barkley, Paul S Bhella, Jeffrey L Hastings, Susan Matulevicius, Naoki Fujimoto, Shigeki Shibata, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, M Dean Palmer, Nainesh Gandhi, Laura F DeFina, Benjamin D Levine
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested that long-term, intensive physical training may be associated with adverse cardiovascular effects, including the development of myocardial fibrosis. However, the dose-response association of different levels of lifelong physical activity on myocardial fibrosis has not been evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seniors free of major chronic illnesses were recruited from predefined populations based on the consistent documentation of stable physical activity over >25 years and were classified into 4 groups by the number of sessions/week of aerobic activities ≥30 minutes: sedentary (group 1), <2 sessions; casual (group 2), 2 to 3 sessions; committed (group 3), 4 to 5 sessions; and Masters athletes (group 4), 6 to 7 sessions plus regular competitions...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895592/effects-of-six-months-training-on-physical-capacity-and-metaboreflex-activity-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Sara Magnani, Sergio Olla, Massimiliano Pau, Girolamo Palazzolo, Filippo Tocco, Azzurra Doneddu, Maura Marcelli, Andrea Loi, Federica Corona, Francesco Corona, Giancarlo Coghe, Maria G Marrosu, Alberto Concu, Eleonora Cocco, Elisabetta Marongiu, Antonio Crisafulli
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have an increased systemic vascular resistance (SVR) response during the metaboreflex. It has been hypothesized that this is the consequence of a sedentary lifestyle secondary to MS. The purpose of this study was to discover whether a 6-month training program could reverse this hemodynamic dysregulation. Patients were randomly assigned to one of the following two groups: the intervention group (MSIT, n = 11), who followed an adapted training program; and the control group (MSCTL, n = 10), who continued with their sedentary lifestyle...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895574/robot-assisted-rehabilitation-of-ankle-plantar-flexors-spasticity-a-3-month-study-with-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation
#5
Zhihao Zhou, Yao Sun, Ninghua Wang, Fan Gao, Kunlin Wei, Qining Wang
In this paper, we aim to investigate the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)-based rehabilitation for ankle plantar flexors spasticity by using a Robotic Ankle-foot Rehabilitation System (RARS). A modified robot-assisted system was proposed, and seven poststroke patients with hemiplegic spastic ankles participated in a 3-month robotic PNF training. Their impaired sides were used as the experimental group, while their unimpaired sides as the control group. A robotic intervention for the experimental group started from a 2-min passive stretching to warming-up or relaxing the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles and also ended with the same one...
2016: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893565/first-person-perspective-action-observation-training-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-consideration-of-concept-controlled-pilot-trial
#6
Giovanni Giorgi, Francesco Ferrarello, Francesca Merlo, Stefano Fumagalli, Niccolò Marchionni, Mauro Di Bari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Action observation training (AOT) consists of the observing of actions performed by others, followed by imitation. Physical therapy techniques based on action observation may influence motor performance in individuals with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to provide a preliminary approach to assess AOT in anatomical first-person perspective (FPP) as a rehabilitation technique to improve body function and activity in individuals with disability due to IPD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883209/tongue-to-palate-resistance-training-improves-tongue-strength-and-oropharyngeal-swallowing-function-in-subacute-stroke-survivors-withdysphagia
#7
H D Kim, J B Choi, S J Yoo, M Y Chang, S W Lee, J S Park
Tongue function can affect both the oral and pharyngeal stages of the swallowing process, and proper tongue strength are vital for safe oropharyngeal swallowing. This trial investigated the effect of tongue to palate resistance training (TPRT) on tongue strength and oropharyngeal swallowing function in stroke with dysphagia patients. This trial was performed using a 4-week, 2-group, pre-post design. Participants were allocated to the experimental group (n=18) or the control group (n=17). The experimental group was performed TPRT for 4 wks/, 5 day/wk) and traditional dysphagia therapy, whereas the control group performed traditional dysphagia therapy on the same schedule...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881360/an-observational-registry-of-carotid-endarterectomy-and-carotid-artery-stenting-in-brazil-study-protocol
#8
Edwaldo Edner Joviliano, Winston Bonetti Yoshida, Marcone Lima Sobreira, Regina Moura, Ana Terezinha Guillaumon, Selma Regina De Oliveira Raymundo, Daniel Gustavo Miquelin, Ludvig Hafner, Marcelo Jose Almeida
BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are alternative strategies for stroke prevention in patients with atherosclerotic carotid disease. CEA has been considered the first-line treatment for carotid stenosis worldwide, and the safety and efficacy of CAS compared to CEA remains in question. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the practice and outcomes of CAS and CEA in a real-world setting within public university hospitals in Brazil...
November 23, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880059/repetition-lag-memory-training-is-feasible-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-including-those-with-memory-problems
#9
Vessela Stamenova, Janine M Jennings, Shaun P Cook, Fuqiang Gao, Lisa A S Walker, Andra M Smith, Patrick S R Davidson
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Repetition-lag memory training was developed to increase individuals' use of recollection as opposed to familiarity in recognition memory. The goals of this study were to examine the feasibility of repetition-lag training in patients with chronic stroke and to explore whether the training might show suggestions of transfer to non-trained tasks. RESEARCH DESIGN: Quasi-experimental. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Patients (n = 17) took part in six repetition-lag training sessions and their gains on the training and non-trained tasks were compared to those of age-matched healthy controls (n = 30)...
November 23, 2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879960/effectiveness-of-music-based-interventions-on-motricity-or-cognitive-functioning-in-neurological-populations-a-systematic-review
#10
Lousin Moumdjian, Teppo Sarkamo, Carmela Leone, Marc Leman, Peter Feys
INTRODUCTION: Motor and cognitive symptoms are frequent in persons with neurological disorders and often require extensive long-term rehabilitation. Recently, a variety of musicbased interventions have been introduced into neurological rehabilitation as training tools. AIM: This review aims to a) describe and define music-based intervention modalities and content which are applied in experimental studies, and b) describe the effects of these interventions on motor and/or cognitive symptoms in the neurological population...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872588/conversation-therapy-with-people-with-aphasia-and-conversation-partners-using-video-feedback-a-group-and-case-series-investigation-of-changes-in-interaction
#11
Wendy Best, Jane Maxim, Claudia Heilemann, Firle Beckley, Fiona Johnson, Susan I Edwards, David Howard, Suzanne Beeke
Conversation therapies employing video for feedback and to facilitate outcome measurement are increasingly used with people with post-stroke aphasia and their conversation partners; however the evidence base for change in everyday interaction remains limited. We investigated the effect of Better Conversations with Aphasia (BCA), an intervention that is freely available online at https://extend.ucl.ac.uk/. Eight people with chronic agrammatic aphasia, and their regular conversation partners participated in the tailored 8 week program involving significant video feedback...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866120/evidence-based-guidelines-on-the-therapeutic-use-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs
#12
REVIEW
Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Andrea Antal, Samar S Ayache, David H Benninger, Jérôme Brunelin, Filippo Cogiamanian, Maria Cotelli, Dirk De Ridder, Roberta Ferrucci, Berthold Langguth, Paola Marangolo, Veit Mylius, Michael A Nitsche, Frank Padberg, Ulrich Palm, Emmanuel Poulet, Alberto Priori, Simone Rossi, Martin Schecklmann, Sven Vanneste, Ulf Ziemann, Luis Garcia-Larrea, Walter Paulus
A group of European experts was commissioned by the European Chapter of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology to gather knowledge about the state of the art of the therapeutic use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) from studies published up until September 2016, regarding pain, Parkinson's disease, other movement disorders, motor stroke, poststroke aphasia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, consciousness disorders, Alzheimer's disease, tinnitus, depression, schizophrenia, and craving/addiction...
October 29, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865696/strength-training-for-skeletal-muscle-endurance-after-stroke
#13
Frederick M Ivey, Steven J Prior, Charlene E Hafer-Macko, Leslie I Katzel, Richard F Macko, Alice S Ryan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Initial studies support the use of strength training (ST) as a safe and effective intervention after stroke. Our previous work shows that relatively aggressive, higher intensity ST translates into large effect sizes for paretic and non-paretic leg muscle volume, myostatin expression, and maximum strength post-stroke. An unanswered question pertains to how our unique ST model for stroke impacts skeletal muscle endurance (SME). Thus, we now report on ST-induced adaptation in the ability to sustain isotonic muscle contraction...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858724/the-effect-of-combined-therapies-on-recovery-after-acquired-brain-injury-systematic-review-of-preclinical-studies-combining-enriched-environment-exercise-or-task-specific-training-with-other-therapies
#14
Hana Malá, Camilla Pihl Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injuries (ABI) have devastating effects for the affected individual as well as society. Many studies have investigated the effect of different monotherapies. However, functional recovery is typically only partial. One possible strategy to promote a greater degree of recovery is to apply monotherapies in combination with one or more treatments. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to investigate if approaches combining enriched environment (EE), exercise, or task-specific training with other monotherapies, further enhance the degree of recovery after ABI...
November 16, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858723/safety-and-improvement-of-movement-function-after-stroke-with-atomoxetine-a%C3%A2-pilot-randomized-trial
#15
Andrea Ward, Cheryl Carrico, Elizabeth Powell, Philip M Westgate, Laurie Nichols, Anne Fleischer, Lumy Sawaki
BACKGROUND: Intensive, task-oriented motor training has been associated with neuroplastic reorganization and improved upper extremity movement function after stroke. However, to optimize such training for people with moderate-to-severe movement impairment, pharmacological modulation of neuroplasticity may be needed as an adjuvant intervention. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate safety, as well as improvement in movement function, associated with motor training paired with a drug to upregulate neuroplasticity after stroke...
November 16, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848247/hospital-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-obesity-a-scoping-review
#16
Jennifer C Seida, Arya M Sharma, Jeffrey A Johnson, Mary Forhan
PURPOSE: To explore the evidence on rehabilitation for hospitalized patients with obesity. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and PubMed were searched from 1994 to May 2016. Grey literature was hand-searched. Two reviewers independently selected studies examining patients with obesity receiving hospital-based therapy for a physical impairment. One reviewer extracted the data and a second reviewer verified a random sample. RESULTS: Thirty-nine studies (two trials, 37 observational) were included...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847473/melodic-intonation-therapy-in-chronic-aphasia-evidence-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ineke Van Der Meulen, Mieke W M E Van De Sandt-Koenderman, Majanka H Heijenbrok, Evy Visch-Brink, Gerard M Ribbers
: Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is a language production therapy for severely non-fluent aphasic patients using melodic intoning and rhythm to restore language. Although many studies have reported its beneficial effects on language production, randomized controlled trials (RCT) examining the efficacy of MIT are rare. In an earlier publication, we presented the results of an RCT on MIT in subacute aphasia and found that MIT was effective on trained and untrained items. Further, we observed a clear trend in improved functional language use after MIT: subacute aphasic patients receiving MIT improved considerably on language tasks measuring connected speech and daily life verbal communication...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847195/augmented-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-stroke-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Joyce A Kootker, Sascha Mc Rasquin, Frederik C Lem, Caroline M van Heugten, Luciano Fasotti, Alexander C Geurts
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of individually tailored cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for reducing depressive symptoms with or without anxiety post stroke. DESIGN: Multi-center, assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Six ambulatory rehabilitation settings in The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who had a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale - subscale Depression (HADS-D) score > 7 at least three months post stroke...
November 12, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835977/is-upper-limb-virtual-reality-training-more-intensive-than-conventional-training-for-patients-in-the-subacute-phase-after-stroke-an-analysis-of-treatment-intensity-and-content
#19
Iris Brunner, Jan Sture Skouen, Håkon Hofstad, Jörg Aßmuss, Frank Becker, Hanne Pallesen, Liselot Thijs, Geert Verheyden
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) training is thought to improve upper limb (UL) motor function after stroke when utilizing intensive training with many repetitions. The purpose of this study was to compare intensity and content of a VR training intervention to a conventional task-oriented intervention (CT). METHODS: A random sample of 50 video recordings was analyzed of patients with a broad range of UL motor impairments (mean age 61y, 22 women). Patients took part in the VIRTUES trial and were randomized to either VR or CT and stratified according to severity of paresis...
November 11, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831882/data-driven-npr-illustrations-of-natural-flows-in-chinese-painting
#20
Yu-Chi Lai, Bo-An Chen, Kuo-Wei Chen, Wei-Lin Si, Chih-Yuan Yao, Eugene Zhang
Introducing motion into existing static paintings is becoming a field that is gaining momentum. This effort facilitates keeping artworks current and translating them to different forms for diverse audiences. Chinese ink paintings and Japanese Sumies are well recognized in Western cultures, yet not easily practiced due to the years of training required. We are motivated to develop an interactive system for artists, non-artists, Asians, and non-Asians to enjoy the unique style of Chinese paintings. In this paper, our focus is on replacing static water flow scenes with animations...
October 31, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
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