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Group training and stroke

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107807/continuous-theta-burst-stimulation-may-improve-visuospatial-neglect-via-modulating-the-attention-network-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Wei Fu, Lei Cao, Yanming Zhang, Su Huo, JuBao Du, Lin Zhu, Weiqun Song
BACKGROUND: Visuospatial neglect (VSN) is devastating and common after stroke, and is thought to involve functional disturbance of the attention network. Non-invasive theta-burst stimulation (TBS) may help restore the normal function of attention network, therefore facilitating recovery from VSN. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of continuous TBS on resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) in the attention network, and behavioral performances of patients with VSN after stroke...
January 20, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106572/training-in-positivity-for-stroke-a-qualitative-study-of-acceptability-of-use-of-positive-mental-training-posmt-as-a-tool-to-assist-stroke-survivors-with-post-stroke-psychological-problems-and-in-coping-with-rehabilitation
#2
Nahal Mavaddat, Sheila Ross, Alastair Dobbin, Kate Williams, Jonathan Graffy, Jonathan Mant
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke psychological problems predict poor recovery, while positive affect enables patients to focus on rehabilitation and may improve functional outcomes. Positive Mental Training (PosMT), a guided self-help audio shows promise as a tool in promoting positivity, optimism and resilience. OBJECTIVE: To assess acceptability of training in positivity with PosMT for prevention and management of post-stroke psychological problems and to help with coping with rehabilitation...
January 18, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#3
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102113/comparison-of-the-effects-on-dynamic-balance-and-aerobic-capacity-between-objective-and-subjective-methods-of-high-intensity-robot-assisted-gait-training-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Young-Hyeon Bae, Suck Min Lee, Mansoo Ko
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) is effective for improving dynamic balance and aerobic capacity, but previous RAGT method does not set suitable training intensity. Recently, high-intensity treadmill gait training at 70% of heart rate reserve (HRR) was used for improving aerobic capacity and dynamic balance. PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness between objective and subjective methods of high-intensity RAGT for improving dynamic balance and aerobic capacity in chronic stroke...
January 19, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093370/a-comparison-of-locomotor-therapy-interventions-partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-lokomat%C3%A2-and-g-eo%C3%A2-training-in-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Alberto Esquenazi, Stella Lee, Amanda Wikoff, Andrew Packel, Theresa Toczylowski, John Feeley
BACKGROUND: Literature in the application of gait training techniques in persons with traumatic brain injury is limited. Current techniques require of multiple staff and are physically demanding. The use of a robotic locomotor training may provide improved training capacity for this population. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of three different modes of locomotor therapy on gait velocity and spatiotemporal symmetry using: an end effector robot (G-EO™); a robotic exoskeleton (Lokomat®) and manual assisted partial-body weight supported treadmill training (PBWSTT) in participants with traumatic brain injury...
January 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091936/task-specific-motor-rehabilitation-therapy-after-stroke-improves-performance-in-a-different-motor-task-translational-evidence
#6
M El Amki, P Baumgartner, O Bracko, A R Luft, S Wegener
While the stroke survivor with a motor deficit strives for recovery of all aspects of daily life movements, neurorehabilitation training is often task specific and does not generalize to movements other than the ones trained. In rodent models of post-stroke recovery, this problem is poorly investigated as the training task is often the same as the one that measures motor function. The present study investigated whether motor training by pellet reaching translates into enhancement of different motor functions in rats after stroke...
January 14, 2017: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076622/impact-of-surgeon-experience-during-carotid-endarterectomy-operation-and-effects-on-perioperative-outcomes
#7
Volkan Yüksel, Ahmet Coskun Ozdemir, Serhat Huseyin, Orkut Guclu, Fatma Nesrin Turan, Suat Canbaz
Objective: We evaluated the effect of surgeon experience on complication and mortality rates of carotid endarterectomy operation. Methods: Fifty-nine consecutive patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy between January 2013 and February 2016 were divided into two groups. Patients who had been operated by surgeons performing carotid endarterectomy for more than 10 years were allocated to group 1 (experienced surgeons; n=34). Group 2 (younger surgeons; n=25) consisted of patients operated by surgeons independently performing carotid endarterectomy for less than 2 years...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034719/effects-of-gait-training-with-body-weight-support-on-a-treadmill-vs-overground-for-individuals-with-stroke
#8
Gabriela L Gama, Melissa L Celestino, José A Barela, Larry Forrester, Jill Whitall, Ana M F Barela
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of gait training with body weight support on a treadmill vs. overground in individuals with chronic stroke. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: University research laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight individuals with chronic stroke (> 6 months). INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to receive gait training with BWS on a treadmill (n=14) or overground (n=14) three times a week for six weeks...
December 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028819/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-effectiveness-of-prism-glasses-visual-search-training-and-standard-care-in-hemianopia
#9
F J Rowe, E J Conroy, E Bedson, E Cwiklinski, A Drummond, M García-Fiñana, C Howard, A Pollock, T Shipman, C Dodridge, C MacIntosh, S Johnson, C Noonan, G Barton, C Sackley
OBJECTIVE: Pilot trial to compare prism therapy and visual search training, for homonymous hemianopia, to standard care (information only). METHODS: Prospective, multicentre, parallel, single-blind, three-arm RCT across fifteen UK acute stroke units. PARTICIPANTS: Stroke survivors with homonymous hemianopia. INTERVENTIONS: Arm a (Fresnel prisms) for minimum 2 hours, 5 days per week over 6 weeks. Arm b (visual search training) for minimum 30 minutes, 5 days per week over 6 weeks...
December 27, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010953/the-japan-statin-treatment-against-recurrent-stroke-j-stars-echo-study-rationale-and-trial-protocol
#10
Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu, Masahiro Yasaka, Yoji Nagai, Naohisa Hosomi, Hideki Origasa, Kazuo Kitagawa, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Masatoshi Koga, Masayasu Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: The preventive effect of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) on progression of carotid intima-media complex thickness (IMT) has been shown exclusively in nonstroke Western patients. The Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke (J-STARS) Echo Study aims to determine the effect of pravastatin on carotid IMT in Japanese patients with hyperlipidemia who developed noncardioembolic ischemic stroke. DESIGN: This is a substudy of the J-STARS, a multicenter, randomized, open-label, blinded-end point, parallel-group trial to examine whether pravastatin reduces stroke recurrence in patients with noncardioembolic stroke...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003752/treadmill-exercise-promotes-neuroprotection-against-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-downregulation-of-pro-inflammatory-mediators
#11
Ying Zhang, Richard Y Cao, Xinling Jia, Qing Li, Lei Qiao, Guofeng Yan, Jian Yang
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, which is associated with serious physical deficits that affect daily living and quality of life and produces immense public health and economic burdens. Both clinical and experimental data suggest that early physical training after ischemic brain injury may reduce the extent of motor dysfunction. However, the exact mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aerobic exercise on neuroprotection and understand the underlying mechanisms...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002636/caregiver-mediated-exercises-for-improving-outcomes-after-stroke
#12
REVIEW
Judith Dm Vloothuis, Marijn Mulder, Janne M Veerbeek, Manin Konijnenbelt, Johanna Ma Visser-Meily, Johannes Cf Ket, Gert Kwakkel, Erwin Eh van Wegen
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of long-term disability in adults. Several systematic reviews have shown that a higher intensity of training can lead to better functional outcomes after stroke. Currently, the resources in inpatient settings are not always sufficient and innovative methods are necessary to meet these recommendations without increasing healthcare costs. A resource efficient method to augment intensity of training could be to involve caregivers in exercise training. A caregiver-mediated exercise programme has the potential to improve outcomes in terms of body function, activities, and participation in people with stroke...
December 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996894/motivation-expectations-and-usability-of-a-driven-gait-orthosis-in-stroke-patients-and-their-therapists
#13
Eva Swinnen, Nina Lefeber, Ward Willaert, Fallon De Neef, Lyn Bruyndonckx, Annemie Spooren, Marc Michielsen, Tine Ramon, Eric Kerckhofs
BACKGROUND: In the development of efficacious driven gait orthoses (DGO), it is an added value to consider patients' and therapists' perspectives concerning robot-assisted gait training (RAGT). A better understanding of these issues may improve the process of care and outcome. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine stroke patients' motivation and expectations of RAGT, and therapists' expectations and perspectives on the usability of RAGT. Additionally, the differences in expectations between stroke patients and their therapists were analyzed...
December 20, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996217/supervised-exercise-training-improves-exercise-cardiovascular-function-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#14
Baruch Vainshelboim, Mordechai R Kramer, Benjamin D Fox, Shimon Izhakian, Alexander Sagie, Jose Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and fatal interstitial lung disease associated with cardiovascular impairments which compromise exercise tolerance and worsen prognosis. AIM: To examine the effect of participating in supervised exercise training (ET) program on cardiovascular function in patients with IPF. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SETTINGS: Outpatient hospital. POPULATION: Thirty-two IPF patients (68±8 yr)...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990240/paired-associative-stimulation-using-brain-computer-interfaces-for-stroke-rehabilitation-a-pilot-study
#15
Woosang Cho, Nikolaus Sabathiel, Rupert Ortner, Alexander Lechner, Danut C Irimia, Brendan Z Allison, Guenter Edlinger, Christoph Guger
Conventional therapies do not provide paralyzed patients with closed-loop sensorimotor integration for motor rehabilitation. Paired associative stimulation (PAS) uses brain-computer interface (BCI) technology to monitor patients' movement imagery in real-time, and utilizes the information to control functional electrical stimulation (FES) and bar feedback for complete sensorimotor closed loop. To realize this approach, we introduce the recoveriX system, a hardware and software platform for PAS. After 10 sessions of recoveriX training, one stroke patient partially regained control of dorsiflexion in her paretic wrist...
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990234/can-fes-augmented-active-cycling-training-improve-locomotion-in-post-acute-elderly-stroke-patients
#16
Elisabetta Peri, Emilia Ambrosini, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Giancarlo Ferrigno, Claudia Nava, Valentina Longoni, Marco Monticone, Simona Ferrante
Recent studies advocated the use of active cycling coupled with functional electrical stimulation to induce neuroplasticity and enhance functional improvements in stroke adult patients. The aim of this work was to evaluate whether the benefits induced by such a treatment are superior to standard physiotherapy. A single-blinded randomized controlled trial has been performed on post-acute elderly stroke patients. Patients underwent FES-augmented cycling training combined with voluntary pedaling or standard physiotherapy...
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988346/experiencing-a-reaching-task-passively-with-one-arm-while-adapting-to-a-visuomotor-rotation-with-the-other-can-lead-to-substantial-transfer-of-motor-learning-across-the-arms
#17
Shancheng Bao, Yuming Lei, Jinsung Wang
The extent of transfer following visuomotor adaptation across the arms is typically limited as compared to that within the same arm. However, we have demonstrated that interlimb transfer can occur nearly completely if one arm performs reaching movements associated with a desired trajectory repeatedly and actively during an initial training session in which the other arm adapts to a novel visuomotor adaptation. Based on that finding, we argued that the absence of instances associated with specific motor effectors is the major reason for limited interlimb transfer...
December 14, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977432/the-effects-of-early-exercise-on-motor-sense-and-memory-recovery-in-rats-with-stroke
#18
Liqiang Yang, Jie Zhang, Yihao Deng, Pengyue Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Exercise is an effective, inexpensive, home-based, and accessible intervention strategy for stroke treatment, and early exercise after stroke has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years. However, the effects of early exercise on comprehensive functional recovery remain poorly understood. The present study investigated the effect of early exercise on motor, sense, balance, and spatial memory recovery. DESIGN: Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to unilateral middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and were randomly divided into early exercise group (EE), non-exercise group (NE), and sham group...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973678/clinical-feasibility-of-xbox-kinecttm-training-for-stroke-rehabilitation-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#19
Tuba Alışkan Türkbey, Sehim Kutlay, Haydar Gök
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of Xbox KinectTM training of the upper extremity in subacute stroke rehabilitation. DESIGN: A single-blind, randomized controlled, pilot study. PATIENTS: Twenty consecutive patients with stroke. METHODS: Participants were allocated randomly to 2 groups: the control group received conventional therapy and the experimental group received additional Xbox KinectTM training for 20 sessions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942130/effects-of-virtual-reality-training-using-nintendo-wii-and-treadmill-walking-exercise-on-balance-and-walking-for-stroke-patients
#20
Yo-Soon Bang, Kyung Hyun Son, Hyun Jin Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of virtual reality training using Nintendo Wii on balance and walking for stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Forty stroke patients with stroke were randomly divided into two exercise program groups: virtual reality training (n=20) and treadmill (n=20). The subjects underwent their 40-minute exercise program three times a week for eight weeks. Their balance and walking were measured before and after the complete program. We measured the left/right weight-bearing and the anterior/posterior weight-bearing for balance, as well as stance phase, swing phase, and cadence for walking...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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