keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Group training and stroke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444320/complex-skill-training-transfers-to-improved-performance-and-control-of-simpler-tasks-after-stroke
#1
Shailesh S Kantak, Nazaneen Zahedi, Robert McGrath
Background: Given limited therapy time, it is important to practice tasks that optimize transfer to other tasks that cannot be practiced during therapy. However, little is known about how tasks can be selected for practice to optimize generalization. Objective: One dimension of task selection is the complexity of the task. The purpose of the current study was to test if learning of a complex motor skill with the paretic arm would transfer to simpler unpracticed goal-directed reaching task...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438279/can-kinesio-tape-be-used-as-an-ankle-training-method-in-the-rehabilitation-of-the-stroke-patients
#2
Belma Fusun Koseoglu, Asuman Dogan, Hilmi Umut Tatli, Didem Sezgin Ozcan, Cemile Sevgi Polat
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the kinesio tape application to the tibialis anterior on rehabilitation outcomes of the stroke patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Twenty patients with stroke were allocated into two groups: the first group of ten patients was assigned to receive kinesio tape in addition to the conventional rehabilitation program while a second group of 10 patients was assigned to receive a conventional rehabilitation program only. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The clinical variables and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) were evaluated at baseline and at the end of the forth week...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430704/functional-effects-of-treadmill-based-gait-training-at-faster-speeds-in-stroke-survivors-a-prospective-single-group-study
#3
Roghayeh Mohammadi, Navid Ershad, Marziyeh Rezayinejad, Elham Fatemi, Chetan P Phadke
To examine the functional effects of walking retraining at faster than self-selected speed (SSS). Ten individuals with chronic stroke participated in a 4-week training over a treadmill at walking speeds 40% faster than SSS, three times per week, 30 min/session. Outcome measures assessed before, after, and 2 months after the end of intervention were the Timed Up and Go, the 6-Minute Walk, the 10-Meter Walk test, the Modified Ashworth Scale, SSS, and fastest comfortable speed. After 4 weeks of training, all outcome measures showed clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvements (P<0...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427422/differences-in-muscle-activity-and-temporal-step-parameters-between-lokomat-guided-walking-and-treadmill-walking-in-post-stroke-hemiparetic-patients-and-healthy-walkers
#4
Klaske van Kammen, Anne M Boonstra, Lucas H V van der Woude, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink, Rob den Otter
BACKGROUND: The Lokomat is a robotic exoskeleton that can be used to train gait function in hemiparetic stroke. To purposefully employ the Lokomat for training, it is important to understand (1) how Lokomat guided walking affects muscle activity following stroke and how these effects differ between patients and healthy walkers, (2) how abnormalities in the muscle activity of patients are modulated through Lokomat guided gait, and (3) how temporal step characteristics of patients were modulated during Lokomat guided walking...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410110/portable-and-reconfigurable-wrist-robot-improves-hand-function-for-post-stroke-subjects
#5
Kang Xiang Khor, Patrick Jun Hua Chin, Che Fai Yeong, Eileen Lee Ming Su, Aqilah Leela T Narayanan, Hisyam Abdul Rahman, Qamer Iqbal Khan
Rehabilitation robots have become increasingly popular for stroke rehabilitation. However, the high cost of robots hampers their implementation on a large scale. This study implements the concept of a modular and reconfigurable robot, reducing its cost and size by adopting different therapeutic end effectors for different training movements using a single robot. The challenge is to increase the robot's portability and identify appropriate kinds of modular tools and configurations. Because literature on the effectiveness of this kind of rehabilitation robot is still scarce, this paper presents the design of a portable and reconfigurable rehabilitation robot and describes its use with a group of post-stroke patients for wrist and forearm training...
April 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409112/plasticity-of-premotor-cortico-muscular-coherence-in-severely-impaired-stroke-patients-with-hand-paralysis
#6
Paolo Belardinelli, Leonard Laer, Erick Ortiz, Christoph Braun, Alireza Gharabaghi
Motor recovery in severely impaired stroke patients is often very limited. To refine therapeutic interventions for regaining motor control in this patient group, the functionally relevant mechanisms of neuronal plasticity need to be detected. Cortico-muscular coherence (CMC) may provide physiological and topographic insights to achieve this goal. Synchronizing limb movements to motor-related brain activation is hypothesized to reestablish cortico-motor control indexed by CMC. In the present study, right-handed, chronic stroke patients with right-hemispheric lesions and left hand paralysis participated in a four-week training for their left upper extremity...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389218/walking-training-at-the-heart-rate-of-pain-threshold-improves-cardiovascular-function-and-autonomic-regulation-in-intermittent-claudication-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Marcel Chehuen, Gabriel G Cucato, Celso Ricardo F Carvalho, Raphael M Ritti-Dias, Nelson Wolosker, Anthony S Leicht, Cláudia Lúcia M Forjaz
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effects of walking training (WT) on cardiovascular function and autonomic regulation in patents with intermittent claudication (IC). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Forty-two male patients with IC (≥50years) were randomly allocated into two groups: control (CG, n=20, 30min of stretching exercises) and WT (WTG, n=22, 15 bouts of 2min of walking interpolated by 2min of upright rest-walking intensity was set at the heart rate of pain threshold)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385053/using-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-to-restore-right-occipital-cortex-activity-in-patients-with-left-visuo-spatial-neglect-proof-of-principle-and-preliminary-results
#8
Fabien Robineau, Arnaud Saj, Rémi Neveu, Dimitri Van De Ville, Frank Scharnowski, Patrik Vuilleumier
Hemineglect is common after right parietal stroke, characterised by impaired awareness for stimuli in left visual space, with suppressed neural activity in the right visual cortex due to losses in top-down attention signals. Here we sought to assess whether hemineglect patients are able to up-regulate their right visual cortex activity using auditory real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) neurofeedback. We also examined any effect of this training procedure on neglect severity. Two different neurofeedback methods were used...
April 6, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382812/cognitive-effects-of-weight-shifting-controlled-exergames-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-comparison-trial
#9
Jen-Wen Hung, Chiung-Xia Chou, Hsueh-Feng Chang, Wen-Chi Wu, Yen-Wei Hsieh, Po-Chih Chen, Min-Yuan Yu, Chiung-Chih Chang, Jr-Rung Lin
BACKGROUND: The exergaming training involves motor as well as cognitive stimulation. Although exergame studies have been reported to have benefits in motor function, the effects of exergames on improving cognitive function remain inconclusive. Moreover, no study has been reported in stroke patients. AIM: The objective of this study was to compare the cognitive effects of 2 weight-shifting controlled exergaming systems and conventional weight- shifting training in patients with chronic stroke...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377451/reward-and-punishment-enhance-motor-adaptation-in-stroke
#10
Graziella Quattrocchi, Richard Greenwood, John C Rothwell, Joseph M Galea, Sven Bestmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The effects of motor learning, such as motor adaptation, in stroke rehabilitation are often transient, thus mandating approaches that enhance the amount of learning and retention. Previously, we showed in young individuals that reward and punishment feedback have dissociable effects on motor adaptation, with punishment improving adaptation and reward enhancing retention. If these findings were able to generalise to patients with stroke, they would provide a way to optimise motor learning in these patients...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374867/dysphagia-screening-in-subacute-care-settings-using-the-italian-version-of-the-royal-brisbane-and-women-s-hospital-i-rbwh-dysphagia-screening-tool
#11
F Mozzanica, L Scarponi, S Pedrali, N Pizzorni, C Pinotti, F Foieni, G Zuccotti, A Schindler
The large majority of the available dysphagia screening tools has been developed for the stroke population. Only few screening tools are suitable for heterogeneous groups of patients admitted to a subacute care unit. The Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) dysphagia screening tool is a nurse-administered, evidence-based swallow screening tool for generic acute hospital use that demonstrates excellent sensitivity and specificity. No Italian version of this tool is available to date. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and screening accuracy of the Italian version of the RBWH (I-RBWH) dysphagia screening tool...
February 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372470/the-effect-of-a-haptic-biofeedback-system-on-postural-control-in-patients-with-stroke-an-experimental-pilot-study
#12
Kazuhiro Yasuda, Naomi Kaibuki, Hiroaki Harashima, Hiroyasu Iwata
BACKGROUND: Impaired balance in patients with hemiparesis caused by stroke is frequently related to deficits in the central integration of afferent inputs, and traditional rehabilitation reinforces excessive visual reliance by focusing on visual compensation. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated whether a balance task involving a haptic biofeedback (BF) system, which provided supplementary vibrotactile sensory cues associated with center-of-foot-pressure displacement, improved postural control in patients with stroke...
April 3, 2017: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371936/efficacy-of-task-specific-training-on-physical-activity-levels-of-people-with-stroke-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Júlia Caetano Martins, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Sylvie Nadeau, Aline Alvim Scianni, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho De Morais Faria
Background: The majority of people after stroke demonstrate mobility limitations, which may reduce their physical activity levels. Task-specific training has shown to be an effective intervention to improve mobility in individuals with stroke, however, little is known about the impact of this intervention on levels of physical activity. Objectives: The main objective will be to investigate the efficacy of a task-specific training, focused on both upper and lower limbs, in improving physical activity levels and mobility in individuals with stroke...
March 23, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360241/protocol-for-validating-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-icd-9-cm-codes-in-healthcare-administrative-databases-the-umbria-data-value-project
#14
Francesco Cozzolino, Iosief Abraha, Massimiliano Orso, Anna Mengoni, Maria Francesca Cerasa, Paolo Eusebi, Giuseppe Ambrosio, Alessandro Montedori
INTRODUCTION: Administrative healthcare databases can provide a comprehensive assessment of the burden of diseases in terms of major outcomes, such as mortality, hospital readmissions and use of healthcare resources, thus providing answers to a wide spectrum of research questions. However, a crucial issue is the reliability of information gathered. Aim of this protocol is to validate International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision-Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for major cardiovascular diseases, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure (HF), atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359710/national-institutes-of-health-stroke-scale-in-plain-english-is-reliable-for-novice-nurse-users-with-minimal-training
#15
Sandy Dancer, Allen J Brown, Lisa Rietz Yanase
The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is commonly used in Comprehensive Stroke Centers, but it has not been easily implemented in smaller centers. The aim of this study was to assess whether nurse providers who were naive to stroke assessment scales could obtain accurate stroke severity scores using our previously validated NIH Stroke Scale in Plain English (NIHSS-PE) with minimal or no training. METHODS: We randomly assigned 122 nursing students who were naive to stroke assessment scales to 1 of 4 groups: trained on the NIHSS, untrained on the NIHSS, trained on the NIHSS-PE, or untrained on the NIHSS-PE...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356727/effects-of-dual-tasks-and-dual-task-training-on-postural-stability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Ishan Ghai, Alfred O Effenberg
The use of dual-task training paradigm to enhance postural stability in patients with balance impairments is an emerging area of interest. The differential effects of dual tasks and dual-task training on postural stability still remain unclear. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to analyze the effects of dual task and training application on static and dynamic postural stability among various population groups. Systematic identification of published literature was performed adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, from inception until June 2016, on the online databases Scopus, PEDro, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SportDiscus...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356647/the-effects-of-exercise-training-using-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-on-breathing-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-patients
#17
Dong-Jin Lee, Yeon-Seop Lee, Hyun-Jin Kim, Tae-Hwa Seo
[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effect of exercise training using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on breathing in patients with chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty chronic stroke patients who do not show abnormal response to electric stimulation were enrolled in this study and each 15 subjects were randomized either into the study group and the sham-controlled group. The subjects performed diaphragmatic breathing exercise for 20 minutes while tDCS device was attached to them (for study group, the device was on while for the sham-controlled group, the device was turned off 30 seconds later) [Results] The results of FVC, FEF1 and FEV1/FVC in the study group and those of FVC and FEV1 in the sham-controlled group were significantly increased after the breathing exercise...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356646/the-effects-of-action-observation-training-and-mirror-therapy-on-gait-and-balance-in-stroke-patients
#18
Ho Jeong Lee, Young Mi Kim, Dong Kyu Lee
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of action observation training and mirror therapy to improve on balance and gait function of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The participants were randomly allocated to one of three groups: The action observation training with activity group practiced additional action observation training with activity for three 30-minute session for six weeks (n=12). The mirror therapy with activity group practiced additional mirror therapy with activity for three 30-minute sessions for six weeks (n=11)...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356639/the-effects-of-upper-extremity-task-training-with-symmetric-abdominal-muscle-contraction-on-trunk-stability-and-balance-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#19
Je-Hyeok Lee, Jong-Duk Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of upper extremity task training employing the bracing method on the trunk control and balance of stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 46 stroke patients whose strokes had occurred six months or more prior to the study. The subjects were divided into two groups. One group underwent upper extremity task training with symmetric abdominal muscle contraction (bracing) applied. The other group simply underwent upper extremity task training, without bracing...
March 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351743/effects-of-treadmill-training-with-load-addition-on-non-paretic-lower-limb-on-gait-parameters-after-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Tatiana S Ribeiro, Emília M G S Silva, Isaíra A P Silva, Mayara F P Costa, Fabrícia A C Cavalcanti, Ana R Lindquist
The addition of load on the non-paretic lower limb for the purpose of restraining this limb and stimulating the use of the paretic limb has been suggested to improve hemiparetic gait. However, the results are conflicting and only short-term effects have been observed. This study aims to investigate the effects of adding load on non-paretic lower limb during treadmill gait training as a multisession intervention on kinematic gait parameters after stroke. With this aim, 38 subacute stroke patients (mean time since stroke: 4...
March 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
keyword
keyword
101257
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"