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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340356/acquiring-variation-in-an-artificial-language-children-and-adults-are-sensitive-to-socially-conditioned-linguistic-variation
#1
Anna Samara, Kenny Smith, Helen Brown, Elizabeth Wonnacott
Languages exhibit sociolinguistic variation, such that adult native speakers condition the usage of linguistic variants on social context, gender, and ethnicity, among other cues. While the existence of this kind of socially conditioned variation is well-established, less is known about how it is acquired. Studies of naturalistic language use by children provide various examples where children's production of sociolinguistic variants appears to be conditioned on similar factors to adults' production, but it is difficult to determine whether this reflects knowledge of sociolinguistic conditioning or systematic differences in the input to children from different social groups...
March 21, 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340247/usability-testing-of-the-iphone-app-to-improve-pain-assessment-for-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-prehospital-setting-a-qualitative-study
#2
Rachael E Docking, Matthew Lane, Pat A Schofield
Objectives. : Pain assessment in older adults with cognitive impairment is often challenging, and paramedics are not given sufficient tools/training to assess pain. The development of a mobile app may improve pain assessment and management in this vulnerable population. We conducted usability testing of a newly developed iPhone pain assessment application with potential users, in this case as a tool for clinical paramedic practice to improve pain assessment of older adults with cognitive impairment...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340204/changes-in-pain-and-muscle-architecture-in-colon-cancer-survivors-after-a-lumbopelvic-exercise-program-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Mario Lozano-Lozano, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Antonio Fernández-Pérez, Noelia Galiano-Castillo
Objective.:  To investigate the efficacy of an eight-week lumbopelvic stabilization program (CO-CUIDATE) for colon cancer survivors. Design.:  A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled clinical trial. Settings.:  A blinded, trained researcher performed the end point assessments for pain (Pressure Pain Threshold and Brief Pain Inventory) and muscle architecture (ultrasound imaging measurements). Subjects.:  Forty-six colon cancer survivors who were assigned to the CO-CUIDATE group or usual care group...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340142/multigene-signature-for-predicting-prognosis-of-patients-with-1p19q-co-deletion-diffuse-glioma
#4
Xin Hu, Emmanuel Martinez-Ledesma, Siyuan Zheng, Hoon Kim, Floris Barthel, Tao Jiang, Kenneth R Hess, Roel G W Verhaak
Background.: Co-deletion of 1p and 19q marks a diffuse glioma subtype associated with relatively favorable overall survival; however, heterogeneous clinical outcomes are observed within this category. Methods.: We assembled gene expression profiles and sample annotation of 374 glioma patients carrying the 1p/19q co-deletion. We predicted 1p/19q status using gene expression when annotation was missing. A first cohort was randomly split into training (n = 170) and a validation dataset (n = 163)...
March 8, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339721/analysis-of-professional-competencies-for-the-clinical-research-data-management-profession-implications-for-training-and-professional-certification
#5
Meredith N Zozus, Angel Lazarov, Leigh R Smith, Tim E Breen, Susan L Krikorian, Patrick S Zbyszewski, Shelly K Knoll, Debra A Jendrasek, Derek C Perrin, Demetris N Zambas, Tremaine B Williams, Carl F Pieper
Objective: : To assess and refine competencies for the clinical research data management profession. Materials and Methods: : Based on prior work developing and maintaining a practice standard and professional certification exam, a survey was administered to a captive group of clinical research data managers to assess professional competencies, types of data managed, types of studies supported, and necessary foundational knowledge. Results: : Respondents confirmed a set of 91 professional competencies...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339552/the-effectiveness-of-id-readers-and-remote-age-verification-in-enhancing-compliance-with-the-legal-age-limit-for-alcohol
#6
Joris J Van Hoof
Currently, two different age verification systems (AVS) are implemented to enhance compliance with legal age limits for the sale of alcohol in the Netherlands. In this study, we tested the operational procedures and effectiveness of ID readers and remote age verification technology in supermarkets during the sale of alcohol. Following a trained alcohol purchase protocol, eight mystery shoppers (both underage and in the branch's reference age) conducted 132 alcohol purchase attempts in stores that were equipped with ID readers or remote age verification or were part of a control group...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339418/survey-of-kinesiologists-functional-capacity-evaluation-practice-in-canada
#7
Kathryn E Sinden, Taya L McGillivary, Elizabeth Chapman, Steven L Fischer
BACKGROUND: In Canada, functional capacity evaluations (FCEs) are commonly administered by several health care professions including kinesiologists. Kinesiologists have been recently regulated as health care professionals in Ontario and we know little about their demographics, the frequency of FCE administration, or the types of FCEs used by this group. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to identify: 1) the demographic characteristics and FCE education of kinesiology FCE practitioners; 2) the FCE systems most used by these practitioners and 3) the constructs from assessments used to determine functional capacity...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339404/the-influence-of-task-related-training-combined-with-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-paretic-upper-limb-muscle-activation-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#8
Kyoungsim Jung, Jinhwa Jung, Taesung In, Taehoon Kim, Hwi-Young Cho
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the efficacy of Task-Related Training (TRT) Combined with Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) on the improvement of upper limb muscle activation in chronic stroke survivors with mild or moderate paresis. METHODS: A single-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted with 46stroke survivors with chronic paresis. They were randomly allocated two groups: the TRT+TENS group (n = 23) and the TRT+ placebo TENS (TRT+PLBO) group (n = 23)...
March 23, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339314/an-analysis-of-ems-and-ed-detection-of-stroke
#9
Ian Medoro, David C Cone
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies have shown a reduction in time-to-CT and improved process measures when EMS personnel notify the ED of a "stroke alert" from the field. However, there are few data on the accuracy of these EMS stroke alerts. The goal of this study was to examine diagnostic test performance of EMS and ED stroke alerts and related process measures. METHODS: The EMS and ED records of all stroke alerts in a large tertiary ED from August 2013-January 2014 were examined and data abstracted by one trained investigator, with data accuracy confirmed by a second investigator for 15% of cases...
March 24, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339144/australian-and-new-zealand-pulmonary-rehabilitation-guidelines
#10
Jennifer A Alison, Zoe J McKeough, Kylie Johnston, Renae J McNamara, Lissa M Spencer, Sue C Jenkins, Catherine J Hill, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter Frith, Paul Cafarella, Michelle Brooke, Helen L Cameron-Tucker, Sarah Candy, Nola Cecins, Andrew S L Chan, Marita T Dale, Leona M Dowman, Catherine Granger, Simon Halloran, Peter Jung, Annemarie L Lee, Regina Leung, Tamara Matulick, Christian Osadnik, Mary Roberts, James Walsh, Sally Wootton, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Guidelines (Guidelines) is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the practice of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) specific to Australian and New Zealand healthcare contexts. METHODS: The Guideline methodology adhered to the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II criteria. Nine key questions were constructed in accordance with the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) format and reviewed by a COPD consumer group for appropriateness...
March 24, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338578/spinal-cord-is-the-primary-site-of-action-for-skeletal-muscle-relaxation-by-sevoflurane
#11
Peng Zhang, Pingliang Yang, Ling Ye, Tao Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, in vivo study was performed to explore the skeletal muscle relaxation action site of sevoflurane. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the skeletal muscle relaxation action of sevoflurane by a modified selective anesthetics delivery rabbit model. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The action site and mechanisms of skeletal muscle relaxation caused by sevoflurane was unclear. So a modified selective anesthetics delivery model was used...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338520/integration-of-single-center-data-driven-vital-sign-parameters-into-a-modified-pediatric-early-warning-system
#12
Catherine E Ross, Iliana J Harrysson, Veena V Goel, Erika J Strandberg, Peiyi Kan, Deborah E Franzon, Natalie M Pageler
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric early warning systems using expert-derived vital sign parameters demonstrate limited sensitivity and specificity in identifying deterioration. We hypothesized that modified tools using data-driven vital sign parameters would improve the performance of a validated tool. DESIGN: Retrospective case control. SETTING: Quaternary-care children's hospital. PATIENTS: Hospitalized, noncritically ill patients less than 18 years old...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338449/development-of-a-preoperative-predictive-model-for-major-complications-following-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#13
Justin K Scheer, Justin S Smith, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Christopher I Shaffrey, Shay Bess, Alan H Daniels, Robert A Hart, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Gregory M Mundis, Daniel M Sciubba, Tamir Ailon, Douglas C Burton, Eric Klineberg, Christopher P Ames
OBJECTIVE The operative management of patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has a high complication rate and it remains unknown whether baseline patient characteristics and surgical variables can predict early complications (intraoperative and perioperative [within 6 weeks]). The development of an accurate preoperative predictive model can aid in patient counseling, shared decision making, and improved surgical planning. The purpose of this study was to develop a model based on baseline demographic, radiographic, and surgical factors that can predict if patients will sustain an intraoperative or perioperative major complication...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338438/learning-brain-aneurysm-microsurgical-skills-in-a-human-placenta-model-predictive-validity
#14
Marcelo Magaldi Ribeiro de Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo Ferrarez, Taise Mosso Ramos, Jose Augusto Malheiros, Arthur Nicolato, Carla Jorge Machado, Mauro Tostes Ferreira, Fellype Borges de Oliveira, Cecília Félix Penido Mendes de Sousa, Pollyana Helena Vieira Costa, Sebastiao Gusmao, Giuseppe Lanzino, Rolando Del Maestro
OBJECTIVE Surgery for brain aneurysms is technically demanding. In recent years, the process to learn the technical skills necessary for these challenging procedures has been affected by a decrease in the number of surgical cases available and progressive restrictions on resident training hours. To overcome these limitations, surgical simulators such as cadaver heads and human placenta models have been developed. However, the effectiveness of these models in improving technical skills is unknown. This study assessed concurrent and predictive validity of brain aneurysm surgery simulation in a human placenta model compared with a "live" human brain cadaveric model...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338369/dha-rich-fish-oil-increases-the-omega-3-index-and-lowers-the-oxygen-cost-of-physiologically-stressful-cycling-in-trained-individuals
#15
Lachlan Hingley, Michael J Macartney, Marc A Brown, Peter L McLennan, Gregory E Peoples
Dietary fish oil, providing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) modulates oxygen consumption and fatigue in animal models. However, in humans predominately supplemented with high eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), there is no evidence of endurance performance enhancement. Therefore, this study examined if DHA-rich fish oil could improve repeated bouts of physiologically stressful cycling and a subsequent time trial in a state of fatigue. Twenty-six trained males took part in a double-blind study and were supplemented with either 2x1g/day soy oil (Control) or DHA-rich tuna fish oil (Nu-Mega) (FO) (560mg DHA / 140mg eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)) for eight weeks...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338358/a-mismatch-between-athlete-practice-and-current-sports-nutrition-guidelines-among-elite-female-and-male-middle-and-long-distance-athletes
#16
Ida Aliisa Heikura, Trent Stellingwerff, Antti A Mero, Arja Leena Tuulia Uusitalo, Louise Mary Burke
Contemporary nutrition guidelines promote a variety of periodized and time-sensitive recommendations, but current information regarding the knowledge and practice of these strategies among world-class athletes is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate this theme by implementing a questionnaire on dietary periodization practices in national/international level female (n=27) and male (n=21) middle- and long-distance runners/race-walkers. The questionnaire aimed to gain information on between and within-day dietary choices, as well as timing of pre- and post-training meals and practices of training with low or high carbohydrate (CHO) availability...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338084/late-neurosyphilis-and-tertiary-syphilis-in-guangdong-province-china-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Weiming Tang, Shujie Huang, Lei Chen, Ligang Yang, Joseph D Tucker, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang
Due to challenges in diagnosis and the need for complex laboratory tests, misdiagnosis of neurosyphilis and tertiary syphilis is common in China. We validated the diagnosis and examined the treatment of late neurosyphilis and tertiary syphilis in Guangdong Province, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect data from late neurosyphilis and tertiary syphilis cases reported between 2009 and 2014 in Guangdong, China. Descriptive analysis, bivariate analyses and multiple logistic regressions were performed to determine the structural factors associated with correct diagnosis and standard treatment of late neurosyphilis and tertiary syphilis...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337878/salivary-cortisol-alpha-amylase-and-immunoglobulin-a-responses-to-a-morning-session-of-basketball-or-volleyball-training-in-boys-aged-14-18-years
#18
A Bruzda-Zwiech, M Konieczka, A Hilt, M Daszkowska, J Grzegorczyk, J Szczepańska
This study investigates whether a single session of routine morning basketball or volleyball training affects saliva levels of cortisol, alpha-amylase (sAA) and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) in boys aged 14–18 years. Twenty-nine boys who participate in basketball or volleyball training, recruited from the Marcin Gortat’s Athletic Championship School in Lodz, were enrolled in the study. The 90-minute routine exercise program included 15 minutes of warm-up followed by basketball or volleyball practice. Unstimulated saliva samples were collected prior to and immediately after the exercise, and were analysed using ELISA...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337686/telephone-delivered-behavioral-skills-intervention-for-african-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Leonard E Egede, Joni S Williams, Delia C Voronca, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Cheryl P Lynch
BACKGROUND: Diabetes disproportionately affects African Americans and is associated with poorer outcomes. Self-management is important for glycemic control; however, evidence in African Americans is limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a combined telephone-delivered education and behavioral skills intervention (TBSI) in reducing hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in African Americans with type 2 diabetes, using a factorial design. DESIGN: This is a four-year randomized clinical trial, using a 2 x 2 factorial design...
March 23, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337231/role-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-in-treatment-of-rectal-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms
#20
Michał Spychalski, Włodzimierz Koptas, Piotr Zelga, Adam Dziki
INTRODUCTION: A significant rise in incidence of rectal gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) has been observed in the last decade. Most detected gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are well differentiated and less than 2 cm in diameter. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a new method for endoscopic treatment of such tumors, difficult to resect by conventional endoscopic techniques and thus subject to surgical treatment. AIM: To present the results of the endoscopic treatment of GEP NET tumors in the rectum using ESD in single academic center...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
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