Read by QxMD icon Read

Group training

Stuart K Gardiner, Steven L Mansberger
Purpose: We have previously shown that sensitivities obtained at severely damaged visual field locations (<15-19 dB) are unreliable and highly variable. This study evaluates a testing algorithm that does not present very high contrast stimuli in damaged locations above approximately 1000% contrast, but instead concentrates on more precise estimation at remaining locations. Methods: A trained ophthalmic technician tested 36 eyes of 36 participants twice with each of two different testing algorithms: ZEST0, which allowed sensitivities within the range 0 to 35 dB, and ZEST15, which allowed sensitivities between 15 and 35 dB but was otherwise identical...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
P Abreu, K F Vitzel, I C C R Monteiro, T I Lima, A N Queiroz, J H Leal-Cardoso, S M Hirabara, V M Ceccatto
The aim of this research was to investigate the effects of endurance training on reduction of plasma glucose during high intensity constant and incremental speed tests in Wistar rats. We hypothesized that plasma glucose might be decreased in the exercised group during heavy (more intense) exercise. Twenty-four 10-week-old male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to sedentary and exercised groups. The prescription of endurance exercise training intensity was determined as 60% of the maximum intensity reached at the incremental speed test...
October 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Frank M J Sommerlandt, Johannes Spaethe, Wolfgang Rössler, Adrian G Dyer
Honeybees learn color information of rewarding flowers and recall these memories in future decisions. For fine color discrimination, bees require differential conditioning with a concurrent presentation of target and distractor stimuli to form a long-term memory. Here we investigated whether the long-term storage of color information shapes the neural network of microglomeruli in the mushroom body calyces and if this depends on the type of conditioning. Free-flying honeybees were individually trained to a pair of perceptually similar colors in either absolute conditioning towards one of the colors or in differential conditioning with both colors...
2016: PloS One
Joshua D Brown, Anand R Shewale, Jeffery C Talbert
BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are widely used for prevention of stroke secondary to nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Increased use of NOACs is partially a result of simplified regimens compared with warfarin, which has been associated with poor adherence and persistence to therapy. Few studies have assessed adherence to NOACs, especially using contemporary data now that multiple NOACs are available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adherence to NOACs in a cohort of newly diagnosed NVAF patients who are commercially insured...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Kenji Sanada, Iñaki Zorrilla, Yusuke Iwata, Cristina Bermúdez-Ampudia, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Mónica Martínez-Cengotitabengoa, Ana González-Pinto
Several studies have investigated the relationship between non-pharmacological interventions (NPIs) and peripheral brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in schizophrenia patients. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to review the efficacy of NPIs on peripheral serum and plasma BDNF in subjects with schizophrenia (including schizoaffective disorder). Meta-analyses were conducted to examine the effects of NPIs on blood BDNF levels by using the standardized mean differences (SMDs) between the intervention groups and controls...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sioban Nelson, Catriona F White, Brian D Hodges, Maria Tassone
PURPOSE: The authors undertook a descriptive analysis review to gain a better understanding of the various approaches to and outcomes of team training initiatives in prelicensure curricula since 2000. METHOD: In July and August 2014, the authors searched the MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, Business Source Premier, and CINAHL databases to identify evaluative studies of team training programs' effects on the team knowledge, communication, and skills of prelicensure students published from 2000 to August 2014...
October 25, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Dorota Jarzebicka, Joanna Sieczkowska, Maciej Dadalski, Jaroslaw Kierkus, Jozef Ryzko, Grzegorz Oracz
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Defecation disorders are one of the most common problems in pediatric gastroenterology. Treatment includes changes in the diet, pharmacotherapy, and biofeedback therapy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of biofeedback therapy as assessed by clinical improvement as well as by changes in manometric parameters in children with constipation and pelvic floor dyssynergia (PFD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 children with constipation and PFD hospitalized between 2000 and 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Paul Hilton, Brian S Buckley, Elaine McColl, Denise Howel, Douglas G Tincello, Catherine Brennand
BACKGROUND: The INVESTIGATE-I study was designed to inform a future definitive randomised trial of invasive urodynamic testing, compared to basic clinical assessment with noninvasive tests prior to surgical treatment, in women with stress urinary incontinence or stress-predominant mixed urinary incontinence. In a pilot randomised controlled trial, women from seven participating sites were screened, consented and randomised. Overall, 771 patients were identified from clinic notes and correspondence as being potential recruits and were sent the Patient Information Leaflet...
October 26, 2016: Trials
Martha Gabriela Martinez, Jillian Clare Kohler
BACKGROUND: Brazil created Health Councils to bring together civil society groups, heath professionals, and government officials in the discussion of health policies and health system resource allocation. However, several studies have concluded that Health Councils are not very influential on healthcare policy. This study probes this issue further by providing a descriptive account of some of the challenges civil society face within Brazil's Health Councils. METHODS: Forty semi-structured interviews with Health Council Members at the municipal, state and national levels were conducted in June and July of 2013 and May of 2014...
October 26, 2016: Globalization and Health
Chuan Zhou, Heang-Ping Chan, Lubomir M Hadjiiski, Aamer Chughtai, Jun Wei, Ella A Kazerooni
PURPOSE: The authors are developing an automated method to identify the best-quality coronary arterial segment from multiple-phase coronary CT angiography (cCTA) acquisitions, which may be used by either interpreting physicians or computer-aided detection systems to optimally and efficiently utilize the diagnostic information available in multiple-phase cCTA for the detection of coronary artery disease. METHODS: After initialization with a manually identified seed point, each coronary artery tree is automatically extracted from multiple cCTA phases using our multiscale coronary artery response enhancement and 3D rolling balloon region growing vessel segmentation and tracking method...
October 2016: Medical Physics
A Ntouva, R Sanatinia, R G Watt
INTRODUCTION: Primary care dentists are in a unique position to screen for alcohol misuse and provide brief advice to patients; however, lack of knowledge and confidence are some of the barriers cited for their reluctance to do so. AIMS: This study describes the evaluation of a novel brief alcohol advice training programme specifically designed and tailored to the needs of NHS general dental practitioners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The training programme was developed as part of a feasibility trial and included a mixture of theoretical and practical elements...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Andrée Dionne, Louis Pérusse, Alain-Steve Comtois, Mario Leone
Physical activity is often avoided or practised at a low-intensity level because of the limited ability of patients with heart disease (HD) to provide sustained effort. Immersible training has been suggested as a possible alternative as hydrostatic pressure can modify some hemodynamic parameters in healthy patients and potentially increase the exercise capacity in patients with HD. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute cardiorespiratory adaptations at different levels of immersion using an immersible ergometer (IE) in patients with HD...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
J R Jakobsen, A L Mackey, A B Knudsen, M Koch, M Kjaer, M R Krogsgaard
The myotendinous junction (MTJ) is a common site of strain injury and yet understanding of its composition and ability to adapt to loading is poor. The main aims of this study were to determine the profile of selected collagens and macrophage density in human MTJ and adjoining muscle fibers, and to investigate whether heavy exercise loading would alter this profile. Fifteen individuals scheduled for anterior cruciate ligament repair surgery were randomized into three groups: control, acute or 4 weeks heavy resistance training...
October 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Kellie Toohey, Kate L Pumpa, Leonard Arnolda, Julie Cooke, Desmond Yip, Paul S Craft, Stuart Semple
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and continuous low to moderate intensity training on quality of life, functional capacity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in cancer survivors. METHODS: Cancer survivors within 24 months post-diagnosis were randomly assigned into the low-volume high-intensity interval training group (n = 8) or the continuous low to moderate intensity training group (n = 8) group for 36 sessions (12 weeks) of supervised exercise...
2016: PeerJ
Jessica Henriksson, Emma Wasara, Michael Rönnlund
This study examined the effects of an eight-week-web-based mindfulness program designed for individuals with chronic pain. A sample of 107 participants with chronic pain (M = 51.0 years, SD = 9.3) were randomly assigned to a treatment group and a control group. The mindfulness program involved 20 minutes of training per day, six days a week, for eight weeks. During this period, the control group was invited to an online discussion forum involving pain-related topics. A total of 77 participants completed the postintervention assessment (n = 36 in the treatment group, n = 41 in the control group)...
December 2016: Psychological Reports
Elizabeth M Bernthal, H J A Draper, J Henning, J C Kelly
AIMS: To identify and explore features of ethical issues that senior clinicians faced as deployed medical directors (DMDs) to the British Field Hospital in Afghanistan as well as to determine the ethical training requirements for future deployments. METHOD: A qualitative study in two phases conducted from November 2014 to June 2015. Phase 1 analysed 60 vignettes of cases that had generated ethical dilemmas for DMDs. Phase 2 included focus groups and an interview with 13 DMDs...
October 25, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
A R J Sanders, J M Bensing, M A L U Essed, T Magnée, N J de Wit, P F M Verhaak
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a clustered randomised controlled trial to study the effects of shared decision making (SDM) on patient recovery. This study aims to determine whether GPs trained in SDM and reinforcing patients' treatment expectations showed more trained behaviour during their consultations than untrained GPs. METHODS: We compared 86 consultations conducted by 23 trained GPs with 89 consultations completed by 19 untrained GPs. The primary outcomes were SDM, as measured by the OPTION scale, and positive reinforcement, as measured by global observation...
October 11, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Karen J Mickle, Peter Caputi, Jan M Potter, Julie R Steele
BACKGROUND: Reduced toe flexor strength is an independent predictor of falls in older people. However it is unknown whether strengthening programs can restore toe flexor strength in older individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a progressive resistance training program, focused specifically on the foot muscles, could improve toe flexor strength in community-dwelling older people. METHODS: After baseline testing, 85 men and women (age range 60-90years) were randomized to either a supervised, progressive resistance training (n=43) or a home-based exercise (n=42) group for 12weeks...
October 7, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Bradley Genovese, Steven Yin, Sohail Sareh, Michael DeVirgilio, Laith Mukdad, Jessica Davis, Veronica J Santos, Peyman Benharash
With changes in work hour limitations, there is an increasing need for objective determination of technical proficiency. Electromagnetic hand-motion analysis has previously shown only time to completion and number of movements to correlation with expertise. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of hand-motion-tracking analysis in determining surgical skill proficiency. A nine-degree-of-freedom sensor was used and mounted on the superior aspect of a needle driver. A one-way analysis of variance and Welch's t test were performed to evaluate significance between subjects...
October 2016: American Surgeon
Allison P Anderson, Abigail M Fellows, Kim A Binsted, Mark T Hegel, Jay C Buckey
INTRODUCTION: Living in an isolated, confined environment (ICE) can induce conflict, stress, and depression. Computer-based behavioral health countermeasures are appealing for training and treatment in ICEs because they provide confidentiality and do not require communication with the outside environment. We evaluated the Virtual Space Station (VSS), a suite of interactive computer-delivered psychological training and treatment programs, at the Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) III expedition...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"