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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445854/balance-training-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-therapist-supervised-vs-home-based-exercise-programme
#1
Elizabeth Maria Atterbury, Karen Estelle Welman
BACKGROUND: Poor locomotion and balance in Parkinson's disease (PD) often diminishes independence. Accordingly, gait is considered one of the most relevant rehabilitation outcomes, and home-based balance exercises might be a viable mode of exercise delivery for individuals with PD. However, research on PD interventions rarely indicate best practices to deliver exercises. Therefore, this study endeavoured to compare the efficacy of a home-based and therapist-supervised balance programme on gait parameters, dynamic balance, balance confidence and motivation in individuals diagnosed with PD...
April 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445790/improving-insomnia-in-primary-care-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-nurse-led-group-treatment
#2
Christina Sandlund, Jerker Hetta, Gunnar H Nilsson, Mirjam Ekstedt, Jeanette Westman
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a common health problem, and most people who seek help for insomnia consult primary care. In primary care, insomnia treatment typically consists of hypnotic drugs, although cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is the recommended treatment. However, such treatment is currently available to few primary care patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a group treatment program for insomnia led by nurses in primary care. OUTCOMES: were the Insomnia Severity Index, a 2-week sleep diary, and a questionnaire on frequency of hypnotic drug use...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445703/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-laser-scanning-in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-for-filamentous-fungal-keratitis-role-of-observer-experience
#3
Ahmad Kheirkhah, Zeba A Syed, Vannarut Satitpitakul, Sunali Goyal, Rodrigo Müller, Elmer Y Tu, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To determine sensitivity and specificity of laser-scanning in vivo confocal microscopy (LS-IVCM) for detection of filamentous fungi in patients with microbial keratitis and to evaluate the effect of observer's imaging experience on these parameters. DESIGN: Retrospective, reliability study METHODS: This study included 21 patients with filamentous fungal keratitis and 24 patients with bacterial keratitis (as controls). The etiology of infection was confirmed based on the response to specific therapy regardless of culture results...
April 23, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445596/effectiveness-safety-and-acceptability-of-non-physician-provision-of-first-trimester-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#4
S Sjöström, M Dragoman, S M Fønhus, B Ganatra, K Gemzell-Danielsson
BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews have concluded that medical termination of pregnancy (TOP) provided by non-physician providers may be as effective and safe as when provided by physicians. Medical treatment of incomplete miscarriage by non-physicians, and treated women's acceptability with non-physician providers of TOP has not previously been reviewed. OBJECTIVE: To review the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of non-physician provision of first trimester medical TOP including medical treatment for incomplete miscarriage...
April 26, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445230/comparison-between-unilateral-and-bilateral-plyometric-training-on-single-and-double-leg-jumping-performance-and-strength
#5
Gregory C Bogdanis, Athanasios Tsoukos, Olga Kaloheri, Gerasimos Terzis, Panagiotis Veligekas, Lee E Brown
This study compared the effects of unilateral and bilateral plyometric training on single and double-leg jumping performance, maximal strength and rate of force development (RFD). Fifteen moderately trained subjects were randomly assigned to either a unilateral (U, n=7) or bilateral group (B, n=8). Both groups performed maximal effort plyometric leg exercises two times per week for 6 weeks. The B group performed all exercises with both legs, while the U group performed half the repetitions with each leg, so that total exercise volume was the same...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445229/a-cross-sectional-and-retrospective-cohort-analysis-of-the-effects-of-age-on-flexibility-strength-endurance-lower-body-power-and-aerobic-fitness-in-law-enforcement-officers
#6
Robert G Lockie, J Jay Dawes, Charles L Kornhauser, Ryan J Holmes
There can be a great age range in cohorts of law enforcement officers. As the tasks required of officers generally do not change with advancing age, it is important to understand how physical performance in tests that assess job-specific characteristics may be altered. Retrospective analysis of performance test data for 383 officers (362 males, 21 females) was conducted. The tests included: sit-and-reach to determine hamstring and lower back flexibility; maximal push-up and sit-up repetitions in 60 s to measure muscle endurance; vertical jump (VJ) to assess lower-body power; and 2...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445226/comparison-of-training-intensity-patterns-for-cardiorespiratory-speed-and-strength-exercise-programs
#7
Rheba E Vetter, Han Yu, Alice K Foose, Peter J Adam, Regan K Dodd
Designing effective exercise training programs is important for novice, regular and elite individuals desiring improvements in physical fitness and performance outcomes without experiencing deleterious physiological or performance effects. The purpose of this research was to understand the impact of training intensity on the effectiveness of training program outcomes. Synthesized analyses of 31 studies provided an overall magnitude for the impact of training program intensity on effect size (ES). Meta-analyses were conducted using meta-regression models to assess the impact of training program intensity and the other moderators of training frequency, training weeks, age, ability level, and type of physical exercise training...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445224/impact-of-6-consecutive-days-of-sprint-training-in-hypoxia-on-performance-in-competitive-sprint-runners
#8
Nobukazu Kasai, Sahiro Mizuno, Sayuri Ishimoto, Etsuko Sakamoto, Misato Maruta, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Yuko Kurosawa, Kazushige Goto
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of 6 successive days of repeated sprint training in moderate hypoxia on anaerobic capacity in 100-200-m sprint runners. Eighteen male sprint runners (age, 20.0 ± 0.3 years; height, 175.9 ± 1.1 cm; body mass, 65.0 ± 1.2 kg) performed repeated cycling sprints for 6 consecutive days in either normoxic (NOR; fraction of inspired oxygen [FiO2], 20.9%; n = 9) or hypoxic conditions (HYPO; FiO2, 14.5%; n = 9). The repeated sprint ability (10 × 6-s sprints), 30-s maximal sprint ability, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), and 60-m running time on the track were measured before and after the training period...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445215/promoting-learning-and-patient-care-through-shared-reflection-a-conceptual-framework-for-team-reflexivity-in-health-care
#9
Jan B Schmutz, Walter J Eppich
Health care teams are groups of highly skilled experts who may often form inexpert teams because of a lack of collective competence. Because teamwork and collaboration form the foundation of effective clinical practice, factors that promote collective competence demand exploration. The authors review team reflexivity (TR), a concept from psychology and management literatures, and how it could contribute to the collective competence of health care teams. TR captures a team's ability to reflect collectively on group objectives, strategies, goals, processes, and outcomes of past, current, and future performance to process key information and adapt accordingly...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445190/cognitive-learning-and-its-future-in-urology-surgical-skills-teaching-and-assessment
#10
Somayeh B Shafiei, Ahmed A Hussein, Khurshid A Guru
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the current status of novel cognitive training approaches in surgery and to investigate the potential role of cognitive training in surgical education. RECENT FINDINGS: Kinematics of end-effector trajectories, as well as cognitive state features of surgeon trainees and mentors have recently been studied as modalities to objectively evaluate the expertise level of trainees and to shorten the learning process...
April 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445078/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-canoeing-performance
#11
Ming-Ta Yang, Mien-Mien Lee, Shu-Ching Hsu, Kuei-Hui Chan
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) utilizing a canoeing ergometer on endurance determinants, as well as aerobic and anaerobic performances among flat-water canoeists. Fourteen well-trained male flat-water canoeists were divided into an HIIT group or an MICT group. All subjects performed a continuous graded exercise test (GXT) and three fixed-distance (200, 500, and 1000 m) performance tests on a canoeing ergometer to determine canoeing economy, peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), and power at VO2peak, and to calculate the critical velocity (CV) and anaerobic work capacity before and after the training programmes...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444615/polygenic-study-of-endurance-associated-genetic-markers-ace-i-d-actn3-arg-r-577ter-x-ckmm-a-g-ncoi-and-enos-glu-g-298asp-t-in-male-gorkha-soldiers
#12
Seema Malhotra, Kiran Preet, Arvind Tomar, Shweta Rawat, Sayar Singh, Inderjeet Singh, L Robert Varte, Tirthankar Chatterjee, M S Pal, Soma Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Gorkhas, a sub-mountainous population of the Himalayan region, are known for strength and bravery. In the present study when "Gorkha" is used without brackets, we are mentioning Gorkhas of Tibeto-Burman origin. Physical capability, strength and endurance are important components of fitness associated with genetic traits. The aim of this study was to examine the endurance potential of male Gorkha soldiers, based on endurance-related genetic markers ACE I/D, ACTN3 Arg (R)577Ter(X), CKMM A/G NcoI and eNOS Glu(G)298Asp(T)...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444509/impact-of-an-endoscopic-quality-improvement-program-focused-on-adenoma-detection-on-sessile-serrated-adenoma-polyp-detection
#13
Ronald G Racho, Murli Krishna, Susan G Coe, Colleen S Thomas, Julia E Crook, Nancy N Diehl, Michael B Wallace
BACKGROUND: Sessile serrated adenomas/polyps (SSA/P) are an under-recognized disease with a unique malignant pathway. Improved endoscopic recognition and pathological interpretation is needed. AIMS: To determine whether an educational intervention that improved adenoma detection rate (ADR) could improve SSA/P detection rate after reclassification of previously termed "hyperplastic" polyps. METHODS: We reanalyzed data from a prospective randomized trial of an educational intervention aimed at increasing ADR...
April 25, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444456/free-leucine-supplementation-during-an-8-week-resistance-training-program-does-not-increase-muscle-mass-and-strength-in-untrained-young-adult-subjects
#14
Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Alan Pablo Grala, Rubens Alexandre da Silva, Lúcio Flávio Soares-Caldeira, Francis Lopes Pacagnelli, Alex Silva Ribeiro, Douglas Kratki da Silva, Walquíria Batista de Andrade, Mario Carlos Welin Balvedi
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of free leucine supplementation on changes in skeletal muscle mass and strength during a resistance training (RT) program in previously untrained, young subjects. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study, 20 healthy young (22 ± 2 years) participants were assigned to two groups: a placebo-supplement group (PLA, N = 10) or a leucine-supplement group (LEU, N = 10). Both groups underwent an 8-week hypertrophic RT program (2 days/week), consuming an equivalent amount of leucine (3...
April 25, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444320/complex-skill-training-transfers-to-improved-performance-and-control-of-simpler-tasks-after-stroke
#15
Shailesh S Kantak, Nazaneen Zahedi, Robert McGrath
Background: Given limited therapy time, it is important to practice tasks that optimize transfer to other tasks that cannot be practiced during therapy. However, little is known about how tasks can be selected for practice to optimize generalization. Objective: One dimension of task selection is the complexity of the task. The purpose of the current study was to test if learning of a complex motor skill with the paretic arm would transfer to simpler unpracticed goal-directed reaching task...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444233/neighborhood-variation-in-the-price-of-cheap-tobacco-products-in-california-results-from-healthy-stores-for-a-healthy-community
#16
Lisa Henriksen, Elizabeth Andersen-Rodgers, Xueying Zhang, April Roeseler, Dennis L Sun, Trent O Johnson, Nina C Schleicher
Background.: Retail marketing surveillance research highlights concerns about lower-priced cigarettes in neighborhoods with a higher proportion of racial/ethnic minorities, but focuses almost exclusively on premium brands. To remedy this gap in the literature, the current study examines neighborhood variation in prices for the cheapest cigarettes and a popular brand of cigarillos in a large statewide sample of licensed tobacco retailers in a low-tax state. Methods.: All 61 local health departments in California trained data collectors to conduct observations in a census of eligible licensed tobacco retailers in randomly selected zip codes (n=7,393 stores, completion rate=91%)...
April 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444094/jumping-in-aquatic-environment-after-sciatic-nerve-compression-nociceptive-evaluation-and-morphological-characteristics-of-the-soleus-muscle-of-wistar-rats
#17
Jéssica Aline Malanotte, Camila Mayumi Martin Kakihata, Jhenifer Karvat, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini
Objective: To evaluate the effect of jumping in aquatic environment on nociception and in the soleus muscle of trained and not trained Wistar rats, in the treatment of compressive neuropathy of the sciatic nerve. Methods: Twenty-five Wistar rats were distributed into five groups: Control, Lesion, Trained + Lesion, Lesion + Exercise, and Trained + Lesion + Exercise. The training was jumping exercise in water environment for 20 days prior to injury, and treatment after the injury...
January 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444008/from-guidelines-to-local-realities-evaluation-of-oral-rehydration-therapy-and-zinc-supplementation-in-guatemala
#18
Rachel Hall-Clifford, Roxanne Amerson
Objective: Diarrhea remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for children in low- and middle-income countries throughout the Americas. The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed guidelines on incorporating zinc supplementation (ZS) with traditional oral rehydration therapy (ORT) in order to shorten the duration of diarrheal episodes and to reduce poor health outcomes. Guatemala adopted these guidelines in 2011, but they have not yet been fully implemented at the community level...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443964/effects-of-chronic-exercise-on-endothelial-progenitor-cells-and-microparticles-in-professional-runners
#19
Célia Regina de Oliveira Bittencourt, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Izar, Carolina Nunes França, Valdir Lauro Schwerz, Rui Manuel Dos Santos Póvoa, Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca
BACKGROUND: The effects of chronic exposure to exercise training on vascular biomarkers have been poorly explored. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to compare the amounts of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and endothelial (EMP) and platelet (PMP) microparticles between professional runners and healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty-five half-marathon runners and 24 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were included in the study. EPCs (CD34+/KDR+, CD133+/KDR+, and CD34+/CD133+), EMP (CD51+) and PMP (CD42+/CD31+) were quantified by flow-cytometry...
March 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443787/ultrasound-based-motor-control-training-for-the-pelvic-floor-pre-and-post-prostatectomy-scoring-reliability-and-skill-acquisition
#20
Stuart Doorbar-Baptist, Roger Adams, Trudy Rebbeck
AIM: This study documents a protocol designed to evaluate pelvic floor motor control in men with prostate cancer. It also aims to evaluate the reliability of therapists in rating motor control of pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) using real time ultrasound imaging (RUSI) video clips. We further determine predictors of acquiring motor control. METHODS: Ninety-one men diagnosed with prostate cancer attending a physiotherapy clinic for pelvic floor exercises were taught detailed pelvic floor motor control exercises by a physiotherapist using trans-abdominal RUSI for biofeedback...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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