Read by QxMD icon Read

Fear of falling

Leah Dierking, Kyriakos Markides, Soham Al Snih, M Kristen Peek
OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of fear of falling in older Mexican Americans over time. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Community-dwelling residents throughout California, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling Mexican Americans aged 72 and older participating in the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly from 2000-01 to 2010-11 (N = 1,682)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Erika Franzén, David Conradsson, Maria Hagströmer, Maria H Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Concerns about falling, a construct related to fear of falling, is increased in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and is recognized as a barrier for exercise, negatively affecting health-related quality of life and participation. AIM: To investigate modifiable factors associated with concerns about falling in elderly with mild-to-moderate PD. METHODS: Eighty-nine elderly (39 females, mean age 73 years) with mild-to-moderate PD were recruited...
October 2016: Brain and Behavior
Talya Lazerus, Zachary A Ingbretsen, Ryan M Stolier, Jonathan B Freeman, Mina Cikara
We investigated how group membership impacts valence judgments of ingroup and outgroup members' emotional expressions. In Experiment 1, participants, randomized into 2 novel, competitive groups, rated the valence of in- and outgroup members' facial expressions (e.g., fearful, happy, neutral) using a circumplex affect grid. Across all emotions, participants judged ingroup members' expressions as more positive than outgroup members' expressions. In Experiment 2, participants categorized fearful and happy expressions as being either positive or negative using a mouse-tracking paradigm...
October 24, 2016: Emotion
Racquel E Kohler, Jared Tomlinson, Tiyamike Eletima Chilunjika, Sven Young, Mina Hosseinipour, Clara N Lee
PURPOSE: Low- and middle-income countries face a disproportionate burden of death and disability from injuries, many of which are due to road traffic accidents or falls. Lower extremity injuries in particular have implications not only for physical disabilities affecting work and school performance, but also for quality of life (QOL) of the individual. This qualitative study explores the psychosocial impact and QOL changes due to lower extremity injuries among trauma patients in central Malawi...
October 22, 2016: Quality of Life Research
M Moutzouri, N Gleeson, E Billis, E Tsepis, I Panoutsopoulou, J Gliatis
PURPOSE: Despite the high incidence of falls in patients with OA, few studies have explored whether falls risk is affected after patients undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to identify the extent of the effects of TKA on balance and incidence of falls by critically reviewing the available literature. METHODS: A systematic review of published literature sources was conducted up to March 2014. All studies assessing balance and incidence of falls after TKA (without physiotherapeutic intervention) were included...
October 19, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and summarize the studies examining the correlates and predictors of anxiety in older adults living in residential aged care. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, five electronic databases were searched using key terms and subject headings, as well as reference lists of relevant papers. The search was limited to peer-reviewed literature published in English. Eligible studies examined the association between at least one correlate/factor and anxiety disorders or symptoms in aged care residents aged 50+ years...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Eric G James, Phillip Conatser, Murat Karabulut, Suzanne G Leveille, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Sarah Cote, Katherine L Tucker, Bruce Barton, Jonathan F Bean, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether older Mexican-Americans who cannot speak and/or understand spoken English have higher rates of mobility limitations or fear of falling than their English-speaking counterparts. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1169 community-dwelling Mexican-Americans aged 72-96 years from the 2000-2001 wave of the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly. Mobility limitations were defined as having a Short Physical Performance Battery score ≤9, and fear of falling by participant report of being somewhat, fairly, or very afraid of falling...
October 14, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Emily S Bower, Julie Loebach Wetherell, Andrew J Petkus, Kerri S Rawson, Eric J Lenze
OBJECTIVES: The effect of fear of falling (FoF) on recovery 1 year after hip fracture is not well known. Furthermore, the potential influence of premorbid function has not been explored. We aimed to describe rates of FoF after hip fracture, to assess the association of FoF with functional recovery 1 year post-fracture, and to evaluate the potential moderating effect of premorbid function on the relationship between FoF and functional recovery. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from a prospective, longitudinal observational study to assess genetic factors influencing functional and psychological outcomes after hip fracture over 52 weeks...
August 17, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Oanh Tran Thi Hoang, Pornchai Jullamate, Naiyana Piphatvanitcha, Edwin Rosenberg
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between age, gender, history of falls, balance and gait status, general health perception, activities of daily living and depression to fear of falling in community-dwelling older people in Danang, Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Fear of falling is a common and consequential psychosocial problem for older people and can lead to decreased quality of life. There is only limited research on fear of falling in Vietnam. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Maria A Gartstein, Wolayte Bogale, Courtney L Meehan
Cross-cultural differences in temperament were evaluated for Ethiopian (N=109) and U.S. (N=109) samples of infants. We anticipated that the Sidama version of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R; Gartstein & Rothbart, 2003) developed for use in Ethiopia would demonstrate satisfactory psychometric properties, and hypothesized significant cross-cultural differences in levels of fine-grained temperament characteristics. Interactions between culture, infant age, and sex were also considered. Internal consistency was satisfactory for 13 of the 14 IBQ-R scales (with a somewhat low estimate observed for Duration of Orienting), and an examination of the structure indicated patterns similar to those observed in the US, and elsewhere...
October 6, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
Sherry A Greenberg, Eileen Sullivan-Marx, Marilyn Lynn S Sommers, Jesse Chittams, Pamela Z Cacchione
Fear of falling (FOF) creates a psychological barrier to performing activities for many older adults. The negative impact of fear of falling increases risk of curtailment of activities, future falls, and injury. The specific aim for this study was to investigate the relationship between two fear of falling measures used in clinical research, the FOF Likert scale and Falls Self Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I). The study included a convenience sample of 107 high-risk, community-dwelling, mostly Black (94%) members from one Program for All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly program...
October 5, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Thelma J Mielenz, Laura L Durbin, Fern Hertzberg, Diana Nobile-Hernandez, Haomiao Jia
Falls are dangerous and costly for older adults. The A Matter of Balance/Volunteer Lay Leader (AMOB/VLL) program is an evidence-based fall risk reduction program that could help reduce this burden. This study introduced a door-through-door transportation program to improve program delivery (N = 126). Characteristics predicting completion of all eight AMOB/VLL sessions were identified using logistic regression. Individual growth models were employed to determine the immediate, intermediate, and long-term goal outcomes resulting from receiving an adequate dose of the program (five to eight sessions)...
October 7, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Mariana de Almeida Lourenço, Izabela Roma, Marcos Renato de Assis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of falls reported by rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and its relation to disease activity, functional capacity and physical fitness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study constituted by a sample of 97 RA patients from the city of Marília (SP) from 2012 to 2013, were assessed for disease activity. Instruments validated for Brazilian population in order to evaluate physical and functional capacity were used. Data analysis was carried out with descriptive statistics, Spearman correlation and Chi-squared test, considering p<0...
September 22, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Elizabeth H Skinner, Tammy Dinh, Melissa Hewitt, Ross Piper, Claire Thwaites
BACKGROUND: Falls are associated with morbidity, loss of independence, and mortality. While land-based group exercise and Tai Chi programs reduce the risk of falls, aquatic therapy may allow patients to complete balance exercises with less pain and fear of falling; however, limited data exist. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to pilot the implementation of an aquatic group based on Ai Chi principles (Aquabalance) and to evaluate the safety, intervention acceptability, and intervention effect sizes...
October 6, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Sigall K Bell, Stephanie D Roche, Anna C Johansson, Kristin P O'Reilly, Barbara S Lee, Kenneth E Sands, Daniel S Talmor, Samuel M Brown
RATIONALE: Communication in the intensive care unit (ICU) often falls short of patient and family needs, putting them at risk for significant physical and emotional harm. As electronic patient portals rapidly evolve, one designed specifically for the ICU might potentially enhance communication among patients, family members, and clinicians; however, the views of frontline ICU staff on such technology are unknown. OBJECTIVES: To identify clinician perspectives on the current state of communication among patients, families and clinicians in the ICU, and assess their views on whether and how an electronic portal may address existing communication deficits and improve care...
October 4, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Corinne E Wee, Tyler D Ames, Khoi M Le, Tiffany Wang, Laura S Phieffer, Carmen E Quatman
Fragility fractures, or fractures occurring from a low-trauma event, are extremely prevalent among the elderly population worldwide and associated with significant mortality and morbidity. This study evaluated the relationship between FES-I Fear of Falling Survey results, self-reported activity restrictions via the SF-36 survey, and scores recorded by portable, inexpensive clinical assessment tools (CATs) during dynamic functional tasks. Low scores during these tasks may indicate functional deficits that put patients at risk for falls and subsequent fragility fractures...
October 2016: Aging and Disease
Deric R Kenne, Kelsey Hamilton, Lauren Birmingham, Willie H Oglesby, Rebecca L Fischbein, Douglas L Delahanty
BACKGROUND: Since the early 1990s, the United States has seen a significant increase in the prevalence of prescription opioid misuse. Despite benefits prescription opioids provide, misuse can be fatal. OBJECTIVES: The current study was designed to investigate the prevalence of prescription opioid misuse, perceived harm of misuse, and reasons for misuse for physical or emotional pain instead of seeking professional medical or mental health treatment. METHODS: Survey data were collected in the fall of 2013 via an online survey to a random sample of 668 students from a public Midwestern university...
September 28, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Arlene A Schmid, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Jennifer D Portz, Karen E Atler, Christine A Fruhauf
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and benefits of the Merging Yoga and Occupational Therapy (MY-OT) intervention. DESIGN: This is the primary analysis of a non-controlled pretest-posttest pilot study to understand the feasibility and impact of MY-OT on balance, balance self-efficacy, and fall risk factor management in people with chronic stroke. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: People with chronic stroke were included in the study if they: had sustained a fall or had fear of falling, were able to stand, and hand impaired balance and were at risk for falls (≤46 on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS))...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Sung-Hui Tseng, Feng-Hang Chang
PURPOSE: To identify the contextual factors that influence community participation in rehabilitation outpatients from the perspectives of patients and their service providers. METHOD: Five focus groups with rehabilitation outpatients (n = 22) and three focus groups with occupational and physical therapists (n = 17) were conducted. Two independent coders thematically analyzed the transcribed data. RESULTS: Patients and their providers identified three common personal factors (personal interests, personal values, and finances) and four major categories of environmental factors (products and technology; support and relationships; attitudes; and services, systems, and policies) that have great influence on patients' participation in the community...
September 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Temitope Hannah Farombi, Mayowa O Owolabi, Adesola Ogunniyi
OBJECTIVE: Falls are a devastating consequence of Parkinson's disease (PD) and are due to motor imbalance. However, the frequency of falls and their risk factors among Nigerians with PD is not known despite the significant increase in PD cases in the country. To assess fall risk factors and frequency in Nigerian PD patients. METHODS: Using an analytical design to compare falling versus non-falling patients, 81 PD patients were assessed for clinical factors, frequency of falls, and candidate risk factors for falls according to the Tinetti Balance and Gait, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale subsection 1, and Timed Up and Go Tests...
September 2016: Journal of Movement Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"