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Fear of falling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925419/are-fear-of-movement-self-efficacy-beliefs-and-fear-of-falling-associated-with-levels-of-disability-in-people-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Dave P Thompson, Katerina Moula, Steve R Woby
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK) can result in significant disability and previous authors have suggested that cognitive and falls-related factors may be significant determinants of function. However, no previous studies have considered the relative influence of these factors when the effects of symptoms related to OAK are also considered. Additionally, it is plausible that falls-related factors exert a greater influence in patients who have previously fallen. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients were recruited from an outpatient physiotherapy department...
December 7, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924167/reduction-of-falls-and-factors-affecting-falls-a-year-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-elderly-patients-with-severe-knee-osteoarthritis
#2
T Tsonga, M Michalopoulou, S Kapetanakis, E Giovannopoulou, P Malliou, G Godolias, P Soucacos
BACKGROUND: Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is a common surgical treatment for severe knee Osteoarthritis (OA), which generally improves pain, physical function, quality of life and possibly fall risk. Fall risk increases for older adults with severe knee OA; however it has not been studied extensively whether this parameter is improved after TKA. OBJECTIVE: To investigate: a) the history and frequency of falls, including mechanism or causes of falls, injuries sustained from falls reported, activity during falling and location of falls and, b) the factors affecting falls, a year after TKA in elderly patients with severe knee OA...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917612/fear-of-falling-and-physical-function-in-older-adults-with-cataract-exploring-the-role-of-vision-as-a-moderator
#3
Anna Palagyi, Jonathon Q Ng, Kris Rogers, Lynn Meuleners, Peter McCluskey, Andrew White, Nigel Morlet, Lisa Keay
AIM: To examine fear of falling and associated factors in a cohort of older adults with cataract, and investigate the interplay of vision and physical function with respect to fear of falling. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from a longitudinal study of adults aged ≥65 years referred for cataract surgery. Fear of falling was assessed by the Short Falls Efficacy Scale-International. Physical function was determined by the Short Physical Performance Battery...
December 4, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913870/managing-knee-osteoarthritis-with-yoga-or-aerobic-strengthening-exercise-programs-in-older-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Corjena Cheung, Jean F Wyman, Ulf Bronas, Teresa McCarthy, Kyle Rudser, Michelle A Mathiason
Although exercise is often recommended for managing osteoarthritis (OA), limited evidence-based exercise options are available for older adults with OA. This study compared the effects of Hatha yoga (HY) and aerobic/strengthening exercises (ASE) on knee OA. Randomized controlled trial with three arms design was used: HY, ASE, and education control. Both HY and ASE groups involved 8 weekly 45-min group classes with 2-4 days/week home practice sessions. Control group received OA education brochures and weekly phone calls from study staff...
December 2, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913764/ethnic-differences-in-fall-risk-among-community-dwelling-older-people-in-the-netherlands
#5
Fatima El Fakiri, Amber A Kegel, Gea M Schouten, Mary P H Berns
OBJECTIVE: This study measures the prevalence of falls and fear of falling among a population sample aged ≥65 years from different ethnic minorities living in the Netherlands, and examines whether ethnicity contributed to the differences in fall risk. METHOD: We analyzed data from 8,892 Dutch, Moroccan, Turkish, and Surinamese participants. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were conducted with falls and fear of falling as the dependent variable and ethnicity as the independent variable...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894727/factors-associated-with-gait-speed-recovery-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Yong-Hao Pua, Felicia Jie-Ting Seah, Ross Allan Clark, Cheryl Lian-Li Poon, John Wei-Ming Tan, Hwei-Chi Chong
OBJECTIVES: Gait speed limitations can remain significant issues after a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but their associated factors are not well understood. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with acute gait speed recovery post-TKA. METHODS: We performed a prospective longitudinal study of 1765 patients who underwent primary TKA between July 2013 and July 2015. At 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks postsurgery, fast gait speed was measured. The factors associated with gait speed over time since TKA were identified using multivariable generalized least squares modeling...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876656/postural-sway-balance-confidence-and-fear-of-falling-in-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis-in-comparison-to-matched-controls
#7
Marcelo Taglietti, Laís Faganello Dela Bela, Josilainne Marcelino Dias, Alexandre Roberto Marcondes Pelegrinelli, Jéssyca Fernandes Nogueira, João Pedro Batista Júnior, Rodrigo Gustavo da Silva Carvalho, Joseph Gerard McVeigh, Ligia Maria Facci, Felipe Arruda Moura, Jefferson Rosa Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative disease that commonly affects the knee joints. Individuals over 65 years with knee OA have a greater risk of falls. However, there has be limited examination of the parameters of postural sway (increased time, speed and postural sway area (center of pressure area (CoP)), and OA of the knee. OBJECTIVES: Primary: to determine whether the CoP variables discriminate between patients with knee OA and matched healthy volunteers, and to correlate the CoP variables with the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) and Falls Self-Efficacy Scale (FES); Secondary: to compare the CoP of the older women with OA with a control group in bipedal support condition with eyes opened and closed...
November 19, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866086/the-role-of-postural-instability-gait-difficulty-and-fear-of-falling-in-predicting-falls-in-non-demented-older-adults
#8
Gilles Allali, Emmeline I Ayers, Roee Holtzer, Joe Verghese
INTRODUCTION: Postural instability/gait difficulty (PIGD) and fear of falling (FoF) frequently co-exist, but their individual predictive values for falls have not been compared in aging. This study aims to determine both independent and combined effect of PIGD and FoF to falls in older adults without dementia. METHODS: PIGD and other extrapyramidal signs were systematically assessed in 449 community-dwelling participants without Parkinson's disease (76.48±6.61 ys; 56...
November 13, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849313/hearing-difficulties-and-feelings-of-social-isolation-among-canadians-aged-45-or-older
#9
Pamela L Ramage-Morin
BACKGROUND: Social isolation is associated with reduced health-related quality of life, increased morbidity, and mortality. Social isolation can be a concern for older Canadians, especially those with conditions that interfere with making and maintaining social connections. DATA AND METHODS: The 2008/2009 Canadian Community Health Survey-Healthy Aging (CCHS-HA) collected data from a population-based sample of Canadians aged 45 or older living in private households...
November 16, 2016: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834180/exploring-beliefs-around-physical-activity-among-older-adults-in-rural-canada
#10
Laurie Schmidt, Gwen Rempel, Terra C Murray, Tara-Leigh McHugh, Jeff K Vallance
OBJECTIVE: As physical activity can improve health and reduce the risk of chronic disease, it is important to understand the contributing factors to physical activity engagement among older adults, particularly those living in rural communities to assist in remaining active and healthy as long as possible. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the socio-ecological factors that influence or contribute to physical activity among rural-dwelling older adults in rural Saskatchewan, Canada...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816203/-relationship-between-balance-tests-and-mobility-scale-fear-of-falling-and-the-number-of-falls-in-the-elderly-in-a-rehabilitation-department
#11
Haviley Oliveira Martins, Karoline Mayara de Aquiles Bernardo, Maristela Santini Martins, Fábio Marcon Alfieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810665/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-falls-efficacy-scale-international-fes-i-in-portuguese-community-dwelling-older-adults
#12
Daniela Figueiredo, Sónia Santos
The Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) is a highly reliable instrument to assess fear of falling among older population. This study aimed to develop a European Portuguese version of the FES-I (FES-I(P)) and analyse its psychometric properties in terms of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent and convergent validity. A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data collection integrated a socio-demographic questionnaire which included falls history and presence/absence of fear of falling, the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and the Five Times Sit to Stand Test (FTSST)...
January 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807530/the-effects-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-fitness-on-fear-of-falling-among-korean-older-women
#13
Myung Kim, Seung-Kil Lim, Sohee Shin, Jae-Hyun Lee
We examined the effects of objectively measured physical activity (PA) and physical fitness (PF) on fear of falling (FOF) among older adults. The subjects were 94 Korean females aged 65-79. PA was measured with accelerometers, PF with the senior fitness test and FOF with the Korean Survey of Activities and Fear of Falling in the Elderly. With the subjects' age, number of chronic conditions, and history of falls included as correction factors, a multiple regression analysis showed that PA (P=0.016) and agility/dynamic balance measured by the 8-foot up-and-go test (UNG) (P=0...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802231/subjective-memory-impairment-and%C3%A2-gait%C3%A2-variability-in-cognitively-healthy-individuals-results-from-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#14
Olivier Beauchet, Cyrille P Launay, Julia Chabot, Elise J Levinoff, Gilles Allali
BACKGROUND: Increased stride time variability has been associated with memory impairment in mild cognitive impairment. Subjective memory impairment (SMI) is considered the earliest clinical stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The association between increased stride time variability and SMI has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the association of stride time variability while performing single and dual tasking with SMI in cognitively healthy individuals (CHI)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788679/visually-guided-gait-training-in-paretic-patients-during-the-first-rehabilitation-phase-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Cathia Rossano, Philippe Terrier
BACKGROUND: After a lesion to the central nervous system, many patients suffer from reduced walking capability. In the first rehabilitation phase, repeated walking exercises facilitate muscular strength and stimulate brain plasticity and motor relearning. However, marked limping, an unsteady gait, and poor management of obstacle clearance may persist, which increases a patient's risk of falling. Gait training with augmented reality has been recommended to improve gait coordination. The objective of this study is to test whether a gait rehabilitation program using augmented reality is superior to a conventional treadmill training program of equivalent intensity...
October 27, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783403/fear-of-falling-in-older-mexican-americans-a-longitudinal-study-of-incidence-and-predictive-factors
#16
Leah Dierking, Kyriakos Markides, Soham Al Snih, M Kristen Peek
OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of fear of falling in older Mexican Americans over time. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Community-dwelling residents throughout California, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling Mexican Americans aged 72 and older participating in the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly from 2000-01 to 2010-11 (N = 1,682)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781138/depressive-symptoms-associated-with-concerns-about-falling-in%C3%A2-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Erika Franzén, David Conradsson, Maria Hagströmer, Maria H Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Concerns about falling, a construct related to fear of falling, is increased in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and is recognized as a barrier for exercise, negatively affecting health-related quality of life and participation. AIM: To investigate modifiable factors associated with concerns about falling in elderly with mild-to-moderate PD. METHODS: Eighty-nine elderly (39 females, mean age 73 years) with mild-to-moderate PD were recruited...
October 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775407/positivity-bias-in-judging-ingroup-members-emotional-expressions
#18
Talya Lazerus, Zachary A Ingbretsen, Ryan M Stolier, Jonathan B Freeman, Mina Cikara
We investigated how group membership impacts valence judgments of ingroup and outgroup members' emotional expressions. In Experiment 1, participants, randomized into 2 novel, competitive groups, rated the valence of in- and outgroup members' facial expressions (e.g., fearful, happy, neutral) using a circumplex affect grid. Across all emotions, participants judged ingroup members' expressions as more positive than outgroup members' expressions. In Experiment 2, participants categorized fearful and happy expressions as being either positive or negative using a mouse-tracking paradigm...
December 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771822/-life-is-at-a-standstill-quality-of-life-after-lower-extremity-trauma-in-malawi
#19
Racquel E Kohler, Jared Tomlinson, Tiyamike Eletima Chilunjika, Sven Young, Mina Hosseinipour, Clara N Lee
PURPOSE: Low- and middle-income countries face a disproportionate burden of death and disability from injuries, many of which are due to road traffic accidents or falls. Lower extremity injuries in particular have implications not only for physical disabilities affecting work and school performance, but also for quality of life (QOL) of the individual. This qualitative study explores the psychosocial impact and QOL changes due to lower extremity injuries among trauma patients in central Malawi...
October 22, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761627/the-effect-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-on-patients-balance-and-incidence-of-falls-a-systematic-review
#20
M Moutzouri, N Gleeson, E Billis, E Tsepis, I Panoutsopoulou, J Gliatis
PURPOSE: Despite the high incidence of falls in patients with OA, few studies have explored whether falls risk is affected after patients undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to identify the extent of the effects of TKA on balance and incidence of falls by critically reviewing the available literature. METHODS: A systematic review of published literature sources was conducted up to March 2014. All studies assessing balance and incidence of falls after TKA (without physiotherapeutic intervention) were included...
October 19, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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