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Fear of falling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648902/self-reported-unsteadiness-predicts-fear-of-falling-activity-restriction-falls-and-disability
#1
Orna A Donoghue, Annalisa Setti, Neil O'Leary, Rose Anne Kenny
OBJECTIVE: To determine if self-reported unsteadiness during walking is associated with fear of falling (FOF), fear-related activity restriction, falls, and disability over 2 years in community-dwelling adults. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the first 2 waves of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, a population-based study. SETTING: Participants completed a home-based interview and a center-based health assessment at baseline and a home-based interview at 2 years follow-up...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643549/examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-geriatric-fear-of-falling-measure-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#2
Tuo-Yu Chen, Jerri D Edwards, Megan Janke
This current study investigated the construct validity and reliability of the Geriatric Fear of Falling Measure (GFFM) among community-dwelling older adults in the United States. Eighty-eight participants were assessed on the GFFM together with demographics, falls, and fear of falling and falls-efficacy measures at baseline and an 8-week follow-up visit. Cronbach's alpha, regression analyses, and correlation analyses were used to examine the psychometric properties of the GFFM. The results showed that the GFFM demonstrated good construct validity and reliability among community-dwelling older adults in the United States...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639876/meta-analysis-of-social-cognition-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#3
Emre Bora, Görsev G Yener
Social cognitive abilities are impaired in Alzheimer disease and other dementias. Recent studies suggested that social cognitive abilities might be also impaired in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Current meta-analysis aimed to summarize available evidence for deficits in theory of mind (ToM) and emotion recognition in MCI. In this meta-analysis of 17 studies, facial emotion recognition and ToM performances of 513 individuals with MCI and 693 healthy controls were compared. Mild cognitive impairment was associated with significant impairments falling in the medium effect sizes range in ToM ( d = 0...
July 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633502/promoting-seniors-health-with-home-care-aides-a-pilot
#4
Naoko Muramatsu, Lijuan Yin, Michael L Berbaum, David X Marquez, Donald A Jurivich, Joseph P Zanoni, Katya Y Cruz Madrid, Surrey M Walton
Purpose: Regular physical activity (PA) benefits older adults. However, frail older adults lack opportunities to be physically active. This pilot study aimed to test and enhance the feasibility of a PA program delivered by home care aides (HCAs) for community-dwelling older adults in a Medicaid-funded home care setting and to generate preliminary efficacy and cost data. Design and Methods: HCAs were trained to deliver a brief motivational enhancement and three chair-bound movements to motivate their older clients to do PA daily and to help maintain their independence in the community...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631577/the-impact-of-opioid-medications-on-subsequent-fractures-in-discharged-emergency-department-patients-with-peripheral-vertigo
#5
Keerat Grewal, Peter C Austin, Moira K Kapral, Hong Lu, Clare L Atzema
BACKGROUND: Vertigo is common in the emergency department (ED). Most aetiologies are peripheral and do not require hospitalization, but many patients still fear falling. Some patients may be taking opioid analgesic medications (for other reasons); the risk of falls leading to fractures among patients with vertigo could be potentiated by the simultaneous use of opioids. OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk of fractures in discharged ED patients with peripheral vertigo who were being prescribed opioids during the same time period...
June 20, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628549/a-classification-system-to-guide-physical-therapy-management-in-huntington-disease-a-case-series
#6
Nora E Fritz, Monica Busse, Karen Jones, Hanan Khalil, Lori Quinn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Individuals with Huntington disease (HD), a rare neurological disease, experience impairments in mobility and cognition throughout their disease course. The Medical Research Council framework provides a schema that can be applied to the development and evaluation of complex interventions, such as those provided by physical therapists. Treatment-based classifications, based on expert consensus and available literature, are helpful in guiding physical therapy management across the stages of HD...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621259/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-falls-prevention-in-older-people-a-multicentre-cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-the-reducing-falls-with-orthoses-and-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-trial
#7
Sarah Cockayne, Sara Rodgers, Lorraine Green, Caroline Fairhurst, Joy Adamson, Arabella Scantlebury, Belen Corbacho, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Robin Hull, Anne-Maree Keenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a serious cause of morbidity and cost to individuals and society. Evidence suggests that foot problems and inappropriate footwear may increase the risk of falling. Podiatric interventions could help reduce falls; however, there is limited evidence regarding their clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted podiatry intervention for preventing falls in community-dwelling older people at risk of falling, relative to usual care...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610676/dance-movement-therapy-and-falls-prevention
#8
REVIEW
Nicola Veronese, Stefania Maggi, Patricia Schofield, Brendon Stubbs
Falls are a leading cause of morbidity, healthcare use and mortality. Dance is a popular form of physical activity among older people and previous research has suggested that it may improve various health outcomes in this population, including balance, gait and muscle performance. A systematic review of the potential benefits of dance on falls and fear of falling is lacking. Thus, we conducted a systematic review considering all randomized controls trials (RCTs) investigating if dance can reduce falls and improve fear of falling in older adults...
August 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597247/pre-operative-predictors-of-post-operative-falls-in-people-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery-a-prospective-study
#9
Pazit Levinger, Elin Wee, Soula Margelis, Hylton B Menz, John R Bartlett, Neil R Bergman, Stephen McMahon, Keith D Hill
INTRODUCTION: Pain and disability often persist following hip (THR) and knee replacement (TKR) surgery predisposing patients to increased risk of falling. This study identified pre-operative predictors for post-operative falls in TKR and THR patients, and the incidence and circumstances of falls in the 12 months post-surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was undertaken of patients before THR and TKR, and was repeated 12 months post-operation. The survey included (1) medical history and medications usage, (2) pain and function, (3) health-related and physical activity and (4) fear of falls and history of falls questionnaires...
June 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585054/the-effects-of-person-centered-or-other-supportive-interventions-in-older-women-with-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
H K Svensson, L -E Olsson, T Hansson, J Karlsson, E Hansson-Olofsson
Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is a common fragility fracture and the starting point of a lasting, painful, disabling condition. The aim was to summarize evidence of person-centered/non-medical interventions supporting women with VCF. Results show small numbers of studies with only probable effect on function, pain, QoL, fear of falling, and psychological symptoms. The vertebral compression fracture (VCF) caused by osteoporosis is the third most common fragility fracture worldwide. Previously, it was believed that the pain caused by VCF was self-subsiding within weeks or a few months post-fracture...
June 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569162/psychometric-properties-of-the-original-and-short-versions-of-the-falls-efficacy-scale-international-fes-i-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Stina B Jonasson, Maria H Nilsson, Jan Lexell
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling is common in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and is associated with an increased risk for future falls, activity limitations and a reduced quality of life. The Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) assesses fear of falling conceptualized as concerns about falling. The original FES-I has good psychometric properties in people with PD, but whether this applies also for the short version of FES-I remains to be shown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the short FES-I and to compare these with the original FES-I in the same sample of people with PD...
May 31, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559094/-fear-of-falling-validation-of-a-measurement-tool-in-chilean-elderly-living-in-the-community
#12
Alejandra Ximena Araya, Eduardo Valenzuela, Oslando Padilla, Evelyn Iriarte, Camila Caro
INTRODUCCIóN: Fear of falling, with or without previous falls history, is a risk factor for decreased mobility, disability, as well as a decreased quality of life, and can trigger the self-restriction of activities with loss of independence and functionality. Validated tools for measuring the fear of falling in the Chilean population is a needed to detect those at risk. There are currently no validated instruments to measure this phenomenon in Chile. The aim of this study is to validate the Spanish version of the short «Falls Efficacy Scale-International» (FES-I) in an elderly population living in the community in Chile...
May 27, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553817/the-complex-association-between-fear-of-falling-and-mobility-limitation-in-relation-to-late-life-falls-a-share-based-analysis
#13
Howard Litwin, Bracha Erlich, Ayelet Dunsky
OBJECTIVE: This study examines fear of falling (FOF) in relation to falls in light of mobility limitation. METHOD: Data on community-dwelling older Europeans, aged 65+, were drawn from two consecutive waves of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The analysis regressed fall status in 2013 on reported FOF 2 to 3 years earlier, controlling for previous falls. RESULTS: FOF predicted subsequent falls when mobility limitation was low to moderate...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550459/patterns-of-drug-prescriptions-in-an-orthogeriatric-ward-as-compared-to-orthopaedic-ward-results-from-the-trondheim-hip-fracture-trial-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#14
Marianne Heltne, Ingvild Saltvedt, Stian Lydersen, Anders Prestmo, Olav Sletvold, Olav Spigset
PURPOSE: In the Trondheim Hip Fracture Trial, 397 home-dwelling patients with hip fractures were randomised to comprehensive geriatric care (CGC) in a geriatric ward or traditional orthopaedic care (OC). Patients in the CGC group had significantly better mobility and function 4 months after discharge. This study explores group differences in drug prescribing and possible associations with the outcomes in the main study. METHODS: Drugs prescribed at admission and discharge were registered from hospital records...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#15
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542281/gait-asymmetry-ankle-spasticity-and-depression-as-independent-predictors-of-falls-in-ambulatory-stroke-patients
#16
Ta-Sen Wei, Peng-Ta Liu, Liang-Wey Chang, Sen-Yung Liu
BACKGROUND: Falls are the leading cause of injury in stroke patients. However, the cause of a fall is complicated, and several types of risk factors are involved. Therefore, a comprehensive model to predict falls with high sensitivity and specificity is needed. METHODS: This study was a prospective study of 112 inpatients in a rehabilitation ward with follow-up interviews in patients' homes. Evaluations were performed 1 month after stroke and included the following factors: (1) status of cognition, depression, fear of fall and limb spasticity; (2) functional assessments [walking velocity and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)]; and (3) objective, computerized gait and balance analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542093/feasibility-and-applicability-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-immunocompromised-patients
#17
Elizabeth Robilotti, Marisa Holubar, Susan K Seo, Stan Deresinski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antimicrobial stewardship is the primary intervention in the battle against antimicrobial resistance, but clinicians do not always apply many key antimicrobial stewardship principles to patients with significant immune defects due to lack of data and fear of bad outcomes. We review evidence regarding the application of stewardship principles to immunocompromised patients, with a focus on solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. RECENT FINDINGS: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs), targeting immunocompromised patient populations such as oncology and transplant, are gaining traction...
May 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539681/risk-of-falls-in-the-rheumatic-patient-at-geriatric-age
#18
REVIEW
Agnieszka Prusinowska, Arkadiusz Komorowski, Teresa Sadura-Sieklucka, Krystyna Księżopolska-Orłowska
Evaluating the risk of falling of a geriatric rheumatic patient plays an essential role not only in planning and carrying out the physiotherapeutic process. The consequences of falls may be different and, although they do not always result in serious repercussions such as fractures or injuries, it is sufficient that they generate the fear of falling and cause a significant reduction in physical activity. Assessing functional capacity to define the risk of falling is of utmost importance in the case of patients after joint arthroplasty surgeries...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537339/older-adults-with-fear-of-falling-show-deficits-in-motor-imagery-of-gait
#19
R Sakurai, Y Fujiwara, M Yasunaga, H Suzuki, N Sakuma, K Imanaka, M Montero-Odasso
OBJECTIVE: Understanding of the underlying mechanisms of Fear of Falling (FoF) could help to expand potential treatments. Given the nature of motor performance, the decline in the planning stage of motor execution may be associated with an expression of FoF. The aim of this study was to assess the planning/prediction accuracy in motor execution in people with FoF using gait-related motor imagery (MI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional case/control study. SETTING: Three health centers in Japan...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535893/falls-and-their-association-with-physical-tests-functional-capacity-clinical-and-demographic-factors-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Mariana de Almeida Lourenço, Izabela Roma, Marcos Renato de Assis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of falls reported by rheumatoid arthritis patients and its relation to disease activity, functional capacity and physical fitness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study constituted by a sample of 97 rheumatoid arthritis patients from the city of Marília (SP) from 2012 to 2013, were assessed for disease activity. Instruments validated for Brazilian population in order to evaluate physical and functional capacity were used...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
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