Read by QxMD icon Read

bFGF and Stroke

Feng Qiu, Hui Cao, Yue Wu
Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) play an important role in ischemic diseases. However, few studies focused on the generation and decay process of VEGF and no model yet can quantify different VEGF behavior caused in different area, like heart or brain. We compare the results across different groups and quantify the effectiveness of the selected training protocols. By applying the model to experimental data, the analytical model has been proposed to simulate the changes of vascular endothelial growth factor as a function of time and training protocols in ischemic diseases...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
Lu Jiang, Wanlu Li, Muyassar Mamtilahun, Yaying Song, Yuanyuan Ma, Meijie Qu, Yifan Lu, Xiaosong He, Jieyu Zheng, Zongjie Fu, Zhijun Zhang, Guo-Yuan Yang, Yongting Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Striatal GABAergic neuron is known as a key regulator in adult neurogenesis. However, the specific role of striatal GABAergic neuronal activity in the promotion of neurological recovery after ischemic stroke remains unknown. Here, we used optogenetic approach to investigate these effects and mechanism. METHODS: Laser stimulation was delivered via an implanted optical fiber to inhibit or activate the striatal GABAergic neurons in Gad2-Arch-GFP or Gad2-ChR2-tdTomato mice (n=80) 1 week after 60-minute transient middle cerebral artery occlusion...
November 16, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
S-C Tang, C-J Luo, K-H Zhang, K Li, X-H Fan, L-P Ning, P Xue
OBJECTIVE: To observe the curative effect of dl-3-n-Butylphthalide (NBP) on patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) and its effects on levels of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 160 ACI patients treated in our hospital who met the criteria were selected and randomly divided into treatment group (n=80, including 42 males and 38 females) and control group (n=80, including 40 males and 40 females)...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Seyyed Mohyeddin Ziaee, Parisa Tabeshmehr, Khawaja Husnain Haider, Majidreza Farrokhi, Abdolhamid Shariat, Atena Amiri, Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Despite encouraging data in terms of neurological outcome, stem cell based therapy for ischemic stroke in experimental models and human patients is still hampered by multiple as yet un-optimized variables, i.e., time of intervention, that significantly influence the prognosis. The aim of the present study was to delineate the optimum time for neural stem cells (NSCs) transplantation after ischemic stroke. METHODS: The NSCs were isolated from 14 days embryo rat ganglion eminence and were cultured in NSA medium (neurobasal medium, 2% B27, 1% N2, bFGF 10 ng/mL, EGF 20 ng/mL and 1% pen/strep)...
2017: Stem Cell Investigation
Li Lin, Qingzhi Wang, Kenny Qian, Zeyuan Cao, Jian Xiao, Xiaoying Wang, Xiaokun Li, Zhanyang Yu
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption is a common pathological feature of many neurological disorders including stroke and brain trauma, therefore is an important therapeutic target for treatment of these diseases. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) as a member of FGF superfamily plays critical roles in angiogenesis, neurogenesis, and neuron survival. We recently showed that recombinant bFGF protects against BBB disruption in traumatic brain injury in mice. In this study, we further investigated the mechanisms of recombinant bFGF in BBB protection by measuring the permeability of cultured endothelial cell monolayer induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R)...
May 2, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
Qiongyi Pang, Huimei Zhang, Zhenzhen Chen, Yudan Wu, Min Bai, Yidian Liu, Yun Zhao, Fengxia Tu, Chan Liu, Xiang Chen
Exercise is known to aid functional recovery following ischemia, though the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of exercise on recovery from ischemic stroke are not fully understood. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) contributes to angiogenesis and promotes neurologic functional recovery after stroke. The present study aimed to investigate the possible mechanisms whereby treadmill exercise ameliorated impaired angiogenesis and neurogenesis following transient cerebral ischemia in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats...
May 15, 2017: Brain Research
Yi Li, Peixi Zhang, Ying Liu, Wenwu Liu, Na Yin
This study aimed to investigate whether helium preconditioning (He-PC) is able to exert neuroprotective effects via improving focal neurovascular niche in a neonatal rat hypoxia/ischemia (HI) brain injury model. Seven day old rat pups were divided into control group, HI group and He-PC group. HI was induced by exposure to 8% oxygen for 90min one day after preconditioning with 70% helium-30% oxygen for three 5-min periods. At 3 and 7 days, the brain was collected for the detection of inflammation related factors (tumor necrosis factor α [TNF-α], interleukin-1β [IL-1β], IL-10) and growth/neurotrophic factors (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], basic fibroblast growth factor [bFGF] and nerve growth factor [NGF]); at 7 days, neurobehaviors were evaluated, and the brain was collected for the detection of mRNA expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) by PCR, protein expression of angiogenesis related molecules (VEGF, Ang-1, Tie-2 and Flt-1) by Western blotting and microvessel density (MCD) by immunohistochemistry for vWF...
November 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Ying-Zheng Zhao, Min Lin, Qian Lin, Wei Yang, Xi-Chong Yu, Fu-Rong Tian, Kai-Li Mao, Jing-Jing Yang, Cui-Tao Lu, Ho Lun Wong
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) may protect stroke patients from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we report the intranasal use of novel nanoliposomes for the brain delivery of bFGF in a rat model of cerebral I/R. Compared with free bFGF, nanoliposomal therapy was able to significantly improve bFGF accumulation in brain tissues (p<0.05) including the most affected ischemic penumbra regions (e.g. hippocampus, pallium). After intranasal bFGF-nanoliposomal treatment for 3 consecutive days, functional recovery as indicated by improved neurologic deficit score and spontaneous locomotor activity was observed, and the stroke infarct volume was nearly halved (p<0...
February 28, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Libing Ye, Ying Yang, Xie Zhang, Pingtao Cai, Rui Li, Daqing Chen, Xiaojie Wei, Xuesong Zhang, Huazi Xu, Jian Xiao, Xiaokun Li, Li Lin, Hongyu Zhang
Astrocytes have critical roles in immune defense, homeostasis, metabolism, and synaptic remodeling and function in the central nervous system (CNS); however, excessive activation of astrocytes with increased intermediate filaments following neuronal trauma, infection, ischemia, stroke, and neurodegenerative diseases results in a pro-inflammatory environment and promotes neuronal death. As an important neurotrophic factor, the secretion of endogenous basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) contributes to the protective effect of neuronal cells, but the mechanism of bFGF in reactive astrogliosis is still unclear...
December 28, 2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini, Mohammad Farahmandnia, Sepehr Kazemi, Benafshe Shakibajahromi, Fatemeh Sabet Sarvestani, Zahra Khodabande
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, stroke leads to a significant part of the adult mortality and morbidity and also it could result in some neurological deficits in the patients' lives. Cell therapy has opened a new approach to treat the brain ischemia and reduce its terrible effects on the patients' lives. There are several articles which show that the cell therapy could be beneficial for treating brain stroke. In this study, we have planned to present a new cell therapy method for stroke by administration of Mesenchymal stem cells and differentiated neural stem cells without astrocytes...
November 2015: International Journal of Stem Cells
Yi-Chen Li, Li-Kai Tsai, Tai-Horng Young
Enhancing endogenous neurogenesis is a potential therapeutic strategy in stroke treatment. We have previously demonstrated that treatment with a fraction of serum with molecular weight of less than 100 kDa (100K) combined with bFGF promoted neurogenesis of cultured stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs). In this study, we further evaluated the efficacy of intraventricular administration of 100K with bFGF (100K/bFGF) in a rat model of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Rats administered 100K/bFGF on post-stroke day 1 exhibited a higher number of Ki67 and Nestin immunoreactive cells at the subventricular zone (SVZ) area and in the infarcted brain, indicating promotion of NSPCs proliferation...
January 12, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Kuniyuki Nakamura, Koichi Arimura, Ataru Nishimura, Masaki Tachibana, Yoji Yoshikawa, Noriko Makihara, Yoshinobu Wakisaka, Junya Kuroda, Masahiro Kamouchi, Hiroaki Ooboshi, Takanari Kitazono, Tetsuro Ago
Central nervous system (CNS) pericytes have been recognized as an indispensable component of the neurovascular unit. The expression of platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRβ) is markedly increased in CNS pericytes after brain ischemia. It has been elucidated that PDGFRβ, expressed in pericytes and pericyte-derived fibroblast-like cells, plays important roles in the maintenance of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and in the repair process in infarct areas. The aim of this study was to uncover how the PDGFRβ expression is regulated in pericytes after brain ischemia...
January 1, 2016: Brain Research
Atsuhiko Toyoshima, Takao Yasuhara, Masahiro Kameda, Jun Morimoto, Hayato Takeuchi, Feifei Wang, Tatsuya Sasaki, Susumu Sasada, Aiko Shinko, Takaaki Wakamori, Mihoko Okazaki, Akihiko Kondo, Takashi Agari, Cesario V Borlongan, Isao Date
OBJECTIVE: Intra-arterial stem cell transplantation exerts neuroprotective effects for ischemic stroke. However, the optimal therapeutic time window and mechanisms have not been completely understood. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the timing of intra-arterial transplantation of allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in ischemic stroke model in rats and its efficacy in acute phase. METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats weighing 200 to 250 g received right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 90 minutes...
2015: PloS One
Natalia Marek-Trzonkowska, Anna Kwieczyńska, Magdalena Reiwer-Gostomska, Tomasz Koliński, Andrzej Molisz, Janusz Siebert
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease and the main risk factor for stroke, peripheral arterial disease, arterial aneurysms and kidney disease. It has been reported recently that hypertensive patients and animals are characterized by decreased density of arterioles and capillaries in the tissues, called rarefaction. Rarefaction significantly increases peripheral resistance which results in elevated blood pressure, leads to vessel damage and induction of inflammation...
2015: PloS One
Muge Yemisci, Secil Caban, Yasemin Gursoy-Ozdemir, Sevda Lule, Ramon Novoa-Carballal, Ricardo Riguera, Eduardo Fernandez-Megia, Karine Andrieux, Partick Couvreur, Yilmaz Capan, Turgay Dalkara
Although growth factors and anti-apoptotic peptides have been shown to be neuroprotective in stroke models, translation of these experimental findings to clinic is hampered by limited penetration of peptides to the brain. Here, we show that a large peptide like the basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and a small peptide inhibitor of caspase-3 (z-DEVD-FMK) can effectively be transported to the brain after systemic administration by incorporating these peptides to brain-targeted nanoparticles (NPs). Chitosan NPs were loaded with peptides and then functionalized by conjugating with antibodies directed against the transferrin receptor-1 on brain endothelia to induce receptor-mediated transcytosis across the blood-brain barrier (BBB)...
March 2015: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Ruihe Lin, Jingli Cai, Cody Nathan, Xiaotao Wei, Stephanie Schleidt, Robert Rosenwasser, Lorraine Iacovitti
Previous studies have established the subventricular (SVZ) and subgranular (SGZ) zones as sites of neurogenesis in the adult forebrain (Doetsch et al., 1999a; Doetsch, 2003a). Work from our laboratory further indicated that midline structures known as circumventricular organs (CVOs) also serve as adult neural stem cell (NSC) niches (Bennett et al., 2009, 2010). In the quiescent rat brain, NSC proliferation remains low in all of these sites. Therefore, we recently examined whether ischemic stroke injury (MCAO) or sustained intraventricular infusion of the mitogen bFGF could trigger an up-regulation in NSC proliferation, inducing neurogenesis and gliogenesis...
February 2015: Neurobiology of Disease
Guojia Du, Yao Liu, Muren Dang, Guohua Zhu, Riqing Su, Yandong Fan, Zeming Tan, Li Xin Wang, Jiasheng Fang
Given that adult adipose tissue is an abundant, accessible and safe source of stem cells, the use of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) provides a promising approach in ischemic stroke. The delivery route, however, for transplantation of ADSCs in clinical application remains controversial regarding the time window, cell type, safety issues, 'first pass' effect and therapeutic effect. To determine the optimal administration route in transplantation of ADSCs, we compared the therapeutic effect of the three mainly used administration routes of ADSCs in a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rat model...
July 2014: Acta Histochemica
Xue-ling Ma, Kang-ding Liu, Fu-chun Li, Xin-mei Jiang, Lai Jiang, Hu-lun Li
Angiogenesis is associated with improved neurologic recovery after cerebral ischemia. Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have been successfully used to treat ischemic stroke and were shown to induce the expression of a number of neurotrophic factors including VEGF, epidermal growth factor (EGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in a rat middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) ischemia model. In this study, we aimed to understand the mechanism underlying the improvement of neurological function following hMSCs transplantation into MCAO rats...
May 2013: Current Neurovascular Research
Qi Wang, Takaki Ishikawa, Tomomi Michiue, Bao-Li Zhu, Da-Wei Guan, Hitoshi Maeda
Fatalities due to extreme environmental temperatures involving hypothermia (cold exposure) and hyperthermia (heat stroke) might present with poor or nonspecific morphological pathologies, which are insufficient to establish the cause of death in forensic practice. The present study immunohistochemically investigated basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), S100β and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) in the parietal lobe and hippocampus of the brain in fatalities from hypothermia (n=15) and hyperthermia (n=18), and compared them to those of controls (n=39), including acute death due to ischemic heart disease, mechanical asphyxiation and drowning...
June 10, 2012: Forensic Science International
Pekka Jäkälä, Jukka Jolkkonen
Stroke remains one of the main causes of death and disability worldwide. The aging of the population is likely to result in a dramatic increase in the burden of stroke. Thus, it is not surprising that the pharmaceutical industry has invested much money in the development of pharmacotherapies for ischemic stroke. Promising experimental data, however, have almost consistently failed to produce a clinically effective neuroprotective or neurorestorative drug. Only intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) has been approved for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke...
March 2012: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"