keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Female incontinence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898453/resolution-of-rectal-prolapse-by-vaginal-reconstruction
#1
Hemikaa Devakumar, Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Alexandriah Alas, Laura Martin, G Willy Davila, Eric Hurtado
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse is a disorder of the pelvic floor in which the layers of the rectal mucosa protrude outward through the anus. Surgical repair is the mainstay of treatment. Options include intra-abdominal procedures such as rectopexy and perineal procedures such as the Delorme and Altemeier perineal rectosigmoidectomy. Rectal and vaginal prolapse can often coexist. However, to our knowledge, there are no reported cases of rectal prolapse resolved by the repair of a compressive enterocele abutting the anterior rectal wall through a vaginal approach alone...
November 28, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896576/comparing-the-bulking-effect-of-calcium-hydroxyapatite-and-deflux-injection-into-the-bladder-neck-for-improvement-of-urinary-incontinence-in-bladder-exstrophy-epispadias-complex
#2
Sahar Eftekharzadeh, Nastaran Sabetkish, Shabnam Sabetkish, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the endoscopic injection of calcium hydroxyapatite (CaHA) into the bladder neck (BN) region of patients with urinary incontinence and bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed a retrospective cohort study in which we retrospectively studied medical charts of female and male patients of BEEC who had undergone CaHA or Deflux injection for continence improvement between 2009 and 2014...
November 28, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887914/practical-and-functional-classification-of-the-double-urethra-a-variable-complex-and-fascinating-malformation-observed-in-20-patients
#3
M Lima, F Destro, M Maffi, D Persichetti Proietti, G Ruggeri
INTRODUCTION: Urethral duplication is a rare and variable malformation of the urinary tract, with non-univocal and complex management. In addition, different classification schemes have been proposed, but none have considered all the possible variants. OBJECTIVE: To report experience with the management of 20 urethral duplication patients and propose a classification of this anomaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis collecting information regarding 20 patients (Table) with urethral duplication treated at a single institution over the past 40 years...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886590/pelvic-floor-dynamics-during-high-impact-athletic-activities-a-computational-modeling-study
#4
Nicholas Dias, Yun Peng, Rose Khavari, Nissrine A Nakib, Robert M Sweet, Gerald W Timm, Arthur G Erdman, Timothy B Boone, Yingchun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence is a significant problem in young female athletes, but the pathophysiology remains unclear because of the limited knowledge of the pelvic floor support function and limited capability of currently available assessment tools. The aim of our study is to develop an advanced computer modeling tool to better understand the dynamics of the internal pelvic floor during highly transient athletic activities. METHODS: Apelvic model was developed based on high-resolution MRI scans of a healthy nulliparous young female...
November 18, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885906/supporting-women-with-toileting-in-palliative-care-use-of-the-female-urinal-for-bladder-management
#5
Naomi Farrington, Tamsin Hill, Mandy Fader, Alison Richardson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether a female urinal is an acceptable, safe and effective product to meet the toileting requirements of women receiving palliative care on oncology wards in hospitals. BACKGROUND: There is minimal evidence on how urinary incontinence should be managed in women receiving palliative care. Female urinals may present an option. There have been two general reviews of products, but no formal evaluation since 1999. METHODS: This qualitative interview study used semi-structured interviews...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885800/sacral-neuromodulation-for-the-treatment-of-faecal-incontinence-following-proctectomy
#6
Ido Mizrahi, Sami A Chadi, Nadav Haim, Dana R Sands, Brooke Gurland, Massarat Zutshi, Steven D Wexner, Giovanna da Silva
AIM: This study assessed the effectiveness of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) for faecal incontinence (FI) following proctectomy with colorectal or coloanal anastomosis. METHODS: An IRB-approved database identified patients treated for FI following proctectomy (SNM-P) for benign or malignant disease, who were matched 1:1 by pre-operative Cleveland Clinic Florida Faecal Incontinence Scores (CCF-FIS) with patients without proctectomy (SNM-NP). Primary outcome was change in CCF-FIS...
November 25, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885481/post-operative-recurrence-of-crohn-s-disease-after-definitive-stoma-an-underestimated-risk
#7
Dine Koriche, Corinne Gower-Rousseau, Charbel Chater, Alain Duhamel, Julia Salleron, Noémie Tavernier, Jean-Frédéric Colombel, Benjamin Pariente, Antoine Cortot, Philippe Zerbib
INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease (CD) is a progressive inflammatory disease affecting the entire gastrointestinal tract. The need for a definitive stoma (DS) is considered as the ultimate phase of damage. It is often believed that the risk of further disease progression is small when a DS has been performed. AIMS: The goals of the study were to establish the rate of CD recurrence above the DS and to identify predictive factors of CD recurrence at the time of DS. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all medical records of consecutive CD patients having undergone DS between 1973 and 2010...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881404/novel-insights-into-fecal-incontinence-in-men
#8
Yoav Mazor, Michael Jones, Alison Andrews, John E Kellow, Allison Malcolm
Fecal incontinence (FI) in men is common yet data on gender differences in clinical features, physiology and treatment is scarce. Our aim was to provide insights into FI in males compared to females. Prospectively collected data from 73 men and 596 women with FI in a tertiary referral centre was analysed. Anorectal physiology, clinical characteristics and outcome of instrumented biofeedback (BF) was recorded. 31 men with FI proceeded to BF and were matched with 62 age-matched women with FI who underwent BF...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881287/obesity-with-comorbid-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women-a-narrative-review-to-inform-dietetics-practice
#9
Barbara Gordon, Barbara Shorter, Kathy Keenan Isoldi, Robert M Moldwin
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common problem among women; clinical treatment guidelines include weight reduction as a strategy for controlling urinary leakage. The purpose of this review was to gather evidence on the association between obesity and SUI and to ascertain whether there are any special considerations for implementing medical nutrition therapy with community-dwelling, obese, adult females with comorbid SUI. Five key findings emerged: epidemiologic studies consistently report statistically significant associations between obesity and SUI, randomized control trials found that weight loss appears to ameliorate SUI symptoms, the SUI-activity link may affect weight management, there is a potential interplay between SUI and the obesity-sleep connection, and dietary components are associated with the exacerbation of urinary symptoms...
November 20, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872788/concomitant-laparoscopic-burch-urethropexy-and-combined-vaginal-laparoscopic-mesh-sling-removal-x2-for-pain-and-persistent-stress-urinary-incontinence
#10
Sarah A Huber, LaChanda Dunlap-Wright, John R Miklos, Robert D Moore
Although midurethral mesh tape slings are considered the standard of care in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI), complications such as pain, dyspareunia, or erosion are known to occur in addition to persistent incontinence. The management of these types of mesh sling complications can be very complex, especially when the pain is not just isolated to the vagina but extends into other areas, such as the abdomen which requires a much more extensive dissection. Additionally, if a mesh sling needs to be removed, the patient will most likely have a return of her SUI that often necessitates subsequent treatment...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871927/randomized-controlled-trial-of-pulsed-magnetic-stimulation-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-1-year-results
#11
Renly Lim, Men Long Liong, Wing Seng Leong, Nurzalina Abdul Karim Khan, Kah Hay Yuen
PURPOSE: Despite significant differences in success rates between surgical and non-surgical treatments for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI), a few cross-sectional surveys reviewed that most patients still prefer the latter. We evaluated the efficacy of the under-studied non-surgical treatment using pulsed magnetic stimulation (PMS) in female SUI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study involved 120 female SUI subjects aged at least 21 years old...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861551/genomes-of-gardnerella-strains-reveal-an-abundance-of-prophages-within-the-bladder-microbiome
#12
Kema Malki, Jason W Shapiro, Travis K Price, Evann E Hilt, Krystal Thomas-White, Trina Sircar, Amy B Rosenfeld, Gina Kuffel, Michael J Zilliox, Alan J Wolfe, Catherine Putonti
Bacterial surveys of the vaginal and bladder human microbiota have revealed an abundance of many similar bacterial taxa. As the bladder was once thought to be sterile, the complex interactions between microbes within the bladder have yet to be characterized. To initiate this process, we have begun sequencing isolates, including the clinically relevant genus Gardnerella. Herein, we present the genomic sequences of four Gardnerella strains isolated from the bladders of women with symptoms of urgency urinary incontinence; these are the first Gardnerella genomes produced from this niche...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854250/association-of-urogenital-symptoms-with-history-of-water-contact-in-young-women-in-areas-endemic-for-s-haematobium-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-south-africa
#13
Hashini Nilushika Galappaththi-Arachchige, Ingrid Elise Amlie Hegertun, Sigve Holmen, Erik Qvigstad, Elisabeth Kleppa, Motshedisi Sebitloane, Patricia Doris Ndhlovu, Birgitte Jyding Vennervald, Svein Gunnar Gundersen, Myra Taylor, Eyrun Floerecke Kjetland
Female genital schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by Schistosoma haematobium. Infected females may suffer from symptoms mimicking sexually transmitted infections. We explored if self-reported history of unsafe water contact could be used as a simple predictor of genital schistosomiasis. In a cross-sectional study in rural South Africa, 883 sexually active women aged 16-22 years were included. Questions were asked about urogenital symptoms and water contact history. Urine samples were tested for S...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852010/use-of-free-uroflowmetry-vs-pressure-flow-studies-in-the-diagnosis-of-overactive-bladder-syndrome-in-females
#14
Ł Nowakowski, K Futyma, A Ziętek, M Bogusiewicz, K Gałczyński, T Rechberger
OBJECTIVES: To determine if pressure-flow study (PFS) parameters, including flow index (FI) calculated by dividing average urethral flow by maximal urethral flow, increase the accuracy of urodynamic studies in the diagnosis of overactive bladder (OAB). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study to evaluate the medical history and urodynamic examination results of female patients diagnosed with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) between January 2014 and December 2015. Patients were stratified into four groups depending on the type of LUTS: OAB; stress urinary incontinence (SUI); mixed urinary incontinence with predominant SUI symptoms (MUI-SUI); and mixed urinary incontinence with predominant OAB symptoms (MUI-OAB)...
November 8, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837461/ventral-mesh-rectopexy-versus-conventional-suture-technique-a-single-institutional-experience
#15
Gaetano Luglio, Rachele Tarquini, Mariano Cesare Giglio, Viviana Sollazzo, Roberto Peltrini, Michele Sacco, Giovanni Spiezio, Bruno Amato, Giovanni Domenico De Palma, Luigi Bucci
AIMS: Anterior mesh rectopexy is a novel surgical technique for the treatment of complete rectal prolapse, a common disorder in female elderly patients. Aim of the study was to evaluate functional outcomes after ventral mesh rectopexy and conventional suture rectopexy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients have been enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were divided into two groups: 20 patients (group A) had a conventional suture rectopexy with a standard technique and 20 patients (group B) underwent an anterior mesh rectopexy...
November 11, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837319/functional-outcomes-after-tem-in-patients-with-complete-clinical-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#16
Roberto Ghiselli, Monica Ortenzi, Luca Cardinali, Edlira Skrami, Rosaria Gesuita, Mario Guerrieri
BACKGROUND: In patients who exhibit a complete clinical response after radio-chemotherapy for rectal cancer, the standard surgical approach might constitute overtreatment. The aim of this study is to analyse the outcomes of anorectal function and quality of life after transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) in irradiated patients with complete clinical response. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2007 and 2014, 84 patients who were diagnosed with stage T2-T3-T4 N0 rectal cancer before chemoradiotherapy showed a complete clinical response to neoadjuvant therapy and underwent TEM...
November 11, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834115/long-term-functional-outcomes-after-radical-cystectomy-with-ileal-bladder-substitute-does-the-definition-of-continence-matter
#17
Fredrik Liedberg, Göran Ahlgren, Gediminas Baseckas, Sigurdur Gudjonsson, Ulf Håkansson, Sara Lindquist, Annica Löfgren, Oliver Patschan, Carina Siller, Gottfrid Sjödahl
OBJECTIVE: Functional outcomes after ileal bladder substitution reflect the expectations of future patients at a particular centre. The aim of this study was to use validated questionnaires and a pad-weighing test to investigate functional outcomes after neobladder reconstruction at long-term follow-up in patients at a single centre. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During 2005 - 2015, 75 patients received a Studer ileal bladder substitute at the Department of Urology, Malmö...
November 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834091/high-prevalence-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-adult-patients-with-bronchiectasis
#18
N Duignan, M J McDonnell, M C Mokoka, R M Rutherford
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is frequently under-reported in patients with chronic lung disease and may have negative psychosocial consequences. We conducted a prospective study to determine the prevalence, severity and treatment outcomes of SUI in female bronchiectasis patients referred for airway clearance techniques. Nineteen out of 40 (48%) patients reported SUI symptoms. Of these, 14 (74%) reported a reduced quality of life secondary to SUI. Following personalised intervention, symptom improvement was observed in 13/19 (68%)...
August 8, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824705/correlation-between-echodefecography-and-3-dimensional-vaginal-ultrasonography-in-the-detection-of-perineal-descent-in-women-with-constipation-symptoms
#19
Sthela M Murad-Regadas, Francisco Sergio Pinheiro Regadas, Lusmar V Rodrigues, Adjra da Silva Vilarinho, Guilherme Buchen, Livia Olinda Borges, Lara B Veras, Mariana Murad da Cruz
BACKGROUND: Defecography is an established method of evaluating dynamic anorectal dysfunction, but conventional defecography does not allow for visualization of anatomic structures. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the use of dynamic 3-dimensional endovaginal ultrasonography for evaluating perineal descent in comparison with echodefecography (3-dimensional anorectal ultrasonography) and to study the relationship between perineal descent and symptoms and anatomic/functional abnormalities of the pelvic floor...
December 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823733/microablative-fractional-co2-laser-therapy-and-the-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-an-observational-study
#20
Eleni Pitsouni, Themos Grigoriadis, Angeliki Tsiveleka, Dimitris Zacharakis, Stefano Salvatore, Stavros Athanasiou
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the effect of the Microablative Fractional CO2 Laser (CO2-laser) therapy on vaginal pathophysiology and the symptoms of the Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause (GSM). METHODS: Postmenopausal women with moderate to severe symptoms of GSM underwent three sessions of CO2-laser therapy at monthly intervals. Participants were evaluated at baseline and 4 weeks after the last treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes were Vaginal Maturation Value (VMV) and Vaginal Health Index Score (VHIS)...
December 2016: Maturitas
keyword
keyword
10125
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"