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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353380/crystal-structure-of-the-nadp-and-tartrate-bound-complex-of-l-serine-3-dehydrogenase-from-the-hyperthermophilic-archaeon-pyrobaculum-calidifontis
#1
Kazunari Yoneda, Haruhiko Sakuraba, Tomohiro Araki, Toshihisa Ohshima
A gene encoding L-serine dehydrogenase (L-SerDH) that exhibits extremely low sequence identity to the Agrobacterium tumefaciens L-SerDH was identified in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum calidifontis. The predicted amino acid sequence showed 36% identity with that of Pseudomonas aeruginosa L-SerDH, suggesting that P. calidifontis L-SerDH is a novel type of L-SerDH, like Ps. aeruginosa L-SerDH. The overexpressed enzyme appears to be the most thermostable L-SerDH described to date, and no loss of activity was observed by incubation for 30 min at temperatures up to 100 °C...
January 20, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353354/relationship-among-aqueous-copper-half-lives-and-responses-of-pimephales-promelas-to-a-series-of-copper-sulfate-pentahydrate-concentrations
#2
Alyssa J Calomeni, Ciera M Kinley, Tyler D Geer, Kyla J Iwinski, Maas Hendrikse, John H Rodgers
Copper algaecide exposures in situ are often of shorter duration than exposures for static toxicity experiments because aqueous concentrations in situ dissipate as a function of site-specific fate processes. Consequently, responses of organisms to static copper exposures may overestimate effects following in situ exposures. To understand the role of exposure duration for altering responses, Pimephales promelas survival was compared following static (96 h) and pulse (1.5, 4, 8, and 15 h half-lives) exposures of CuSO4•5H2O...
January 20, 2018: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353278/stereoselective-inhibition-of-renal-basolateral-human-organic-anion-transporter-3-by-lansoprazole-enantiomers
#3
Yugo Hamada, Kenji Ikemura, Takuya Iwamoto, Masahiro Okuda
Lansoprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, potently inhibits human organic anion transporter, hOAT3 (SLC22A8). Lansoprazole has an asymmetric atom in its structure and is clinically administered as a racemic mixture of (R)-and (S)-enantiomers. However, little is known about the stereoselective inhibitory potencies of lansoprazole against hOAT3 and its homolog, hOAT1. In the present study, the stereoselective inhibitory effect of lansoprazole was evaluated using hOAT1-and hOAT3-expressing cultured cells. hOAT1 and hOAT3 transported [14C]p-aminohippurate and [3H]estrone-3-sulfate (ES) with Michaelis-Menten constants of 29...
January 19, 2018: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353171/microcystin-lr-nanobody-screening-from-an-alpaca-phage-display-nanobody-library-and-its-expression-and-application
#4
Chongxin Xu, Ying Yang, Liwen Liu, Jianhong Li, Xiaoqin Liu, Xiao Zhang, Yuan Liu, Cunzheng Zhang, Xianjin Liu
Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is a type of biotoxin that pollutes the ecological environment and food. The study aimed to obtain new nanobodies from phage nanobody library for determination of MC-LR. The toxin was conjugated to keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH) and bovine serum albumin (BSA), respectively, then the conjugates were used as coated antigens for enrichment (coated MC-LR-KLH) and screening (coated MC-LR-BSA) of MC-LR phage nanobodies from an alpaca phage display nanobody library. The antigen-specific phage particles were enriched effectively with four rounds of biopanning...
January 17, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353118/magnesium-supplementation-pharmacokinetics-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-with-normal-renal-function
#5
Peter Biesenbach, Johan Mårtensson, Eduardo Osawa, Glenn Eastwood, Salvatore Cutuli, Jessica Fairley, George Matalanis, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Intravenous magnesium is routinely administered in intensive care units (ICU) to treat arrhythmias after cardiothoracic surgery. There are no data on the pharmacokinetics of continuous magnesium infusion therapy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pharmacokinetics of continuous magnesium infusion, focusing on serum and urinary magnesium concentration, volume of distribution and half-life. METHODS: We administered a 10 mmol bolus of magnesium-sulfate followed by a continuous infusion of 3 mmol/h for 12 h in twenty cardiac surgery patients...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352963/three-dimensional-visualization-of-extracellular-matrix-networks-during-murine-development
#6
Andrea Acuna, Michael A Drakopoulos, Yue Leng, Craig J Goergen, Sarah Calve
The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a crucial role in embryogenesis, serving both as a substrate to which cells attach and as an active regulator of cell behavior. However, little is known about the spatiotemporal expression patterns and 3D structure of ECM proteins during embryonic development. The lack of suitable methods to visualize the embryonic ECM is largely responsible for this gap, posing a major technical challenge for biologists and tissue engineers. Here, we describe a method of viewing the 3D organization of the ECM using a polyacrylamide-based hydrogel to provide a 3D framework within developing murine embryos...
January 15, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352946/redox-enzyme-sensitive-chondroitin-sulfate-based-self-assembled-nanoparticles-loading-docetaxel-for-the-inhibition-of-metastasis-and-growth-of-melanoma
#7
Mengrui Liu, Hongliang Du, Abdur Rauf Khan, Jianbo Ji, Aihua Yu, Guangxi Zhai
In this report, redox/enzyme responsive chondroitin sulfate-ss-deoxycholic acid (CSCD) conjugates were synthesized using cystamine as the linkage which could self-assemble to form self-assembled nanoparticles (175.6 + 5.2 nm) in the aqueous environment. Docetaxel (DTX) was loaded in nanoparticles with desired loading efficiency for the inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis of melanoma. Interestingly, nanoparticles were demonstrated to respond to hyaluronidase-1 (Hyal-1) which could degrade chondroitin sulfate (CS) backbones...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352936/freeze-dried-chitosan-acetate-dressings-with-glycosaminoglycans-and-traxenamic-acid
#8
Francesca Saporito, Giuseppina Sandri, Silvia Rossi, Maria Cristina Bonferoni, Federica Riva, Lorenzo Malavasi, Carla Caramella, Franca Ferrari
Bleeding control plays an important role to increase survival in the early phase after a traumatic event. The aim of present work was the development of hemostatic sponge-like dressings based on chitosan, in association with glycosaminoglycans (GAG) (chondroitin sulfate or hyaluronic acid) and the improvement of their hemostatic performance by loading tranexamic acid (TA). The dressings were prepared by lyophilizazion and were characterized for mechanical, hydration, bioadhesion properties and morphology. Moreover, FTIR analysis was performed to understand the interactions between the different polyelectrolytes present in the dressings...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352930/an-efficient-approach-to-prepare-sulfated-polysaccharide-and-evaluation-of-anti-tumor-activities-in-vitro
#9
Junlong Wang, Aijuan Bao, Xinhua Meng, Hongyun Guo, Yongdong Zhang, Yali Zhao, Weibao Kong, Junyu Liang, Jian Yao, Ji Zhang
Use of microwave radiation is one of the most potential techniques in polysaccharide derivatives synthesis due to its advantages such as higher yields, milder reaction conditions and shorter reaction times. This study was aimed at producing sulfated polysaccharides by microwave irradiation using polar reagents and solvent. Six sulfated Artemisia sphaerocephala polysaccharide derivatives (SPAS) were obtained by using chlorosulfuric acid/pyridine method in the reaction duration range of 15-300 min at a fixed microwave power of 100W...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352919/comprehensive-analysis-of-glycosaminoglycans-from-the-edible-shellfish
#10
Yusuke Okamoto, Kyohei Higashi, Robert J Linhardt, Toshihiko Toida
We have previously reported that the keratan sulfate (KS) disaccharide was branched to the C-3 position of glucuronate in chondroitin sulfate (CS)-E derived from the Mactra chinensis. We carried out the comprehensive disaccharide analysis of GAGs from 10 shellfish, Ruditapes philippinarum, Scapharca broughtonii, Mizuhopecten yessoensis, Turbo cornutus, Crassostrea nippona, Corbicula japonica, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Neptunea intersculpta, Pseudocardium sachalinense and Crassostrea gigas, to better understand the glycan structures in marine organisms...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352918/structural-characteristics-and-anticancer-activity-in-vitro-of-fucoidan-from-brown-alga-padina-boryana
#11
Roza V Usoltseva, Stanislav D Anastyuk, Irina A Ishina, Vladimir V Isakov, Tatiana N Zvyagintseva, Pham Duc Thinh, Pavel A Zadorozhny, Pavel S Dmitrenok, Svetlana P Ermakova
The sulfated and acetylated fucoidan fraction, containing fucose, galactose, mannose, glucose and uronic acid residues, was isolated from the brown alga Padina boryana. The structure of galactofucan part was studied after different modifications by NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. It was shown that galactofucan contained the main chain of alternating 1,4-linked α-l-fucopyranose and 1,3-linked β-d-Galactopyranose. Single fucose residues were found as branches at C4 of galactose residues. Also, fucoidan contained 1,3- or 1,4-linked Fuc-Fuc and Gal-Gal fragments...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352908/preparation-of-starch-nanocrystals-through-enzymatic-pretreatment-from-waxy-potato-starch
#12
Yacheng Hao, Yun Chen, Qian Li, Qunyu Gao
A comparative experiment about the production of starch nanocrystals (SNCs) with/without glucoamylase enzymatic pretreatment by sulfate acid hydrolysis from waxy potato starch (WPS) was employed in the present study. The research focused on the enhancement of the preparation efficiency while improving the dispersion of SNCs at the same time. The enzymatic pretreatment resulted in the decrease of acid hydrolysis duration. The minimum size and best dispersibility of nanocrystals was obtained after 5 days of hydrolysis...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352880/preparation-of-chitosan-sulfate-and-vesicle-formation-with-a-conventional-cationic-surfactant
#13
Binbin Zhang, Xiaoyi Yang, Ping Li, Chaohua Guo, Xiaodan Ren, Jianbo Li
Chitosan of high molecular weight and 85% deacetylation was used to prepare chitosan sulfate (CHS) by employing an industrial recognized green and highly reactive sulfating agent gas SO3. FT-IR and solid-state CP-MAS 13C NMR spectra confirmed that sulfate groups were successfully introduced into chitosan chains with a sulfur content of 16.50% and the substitution degree of 1.75 according to the results of elemental analysis. The aggregation behavior of the mixture of chitosan sulfate polyelectrolyte and oppositely charged surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) was characterized by surface tension, steady-state fluorescent, turbidity, ζ potential and transmission electron microscopy...
March 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352874/2-3-di-o-sulfo-glucuronic-acid-an-unmodified-and-unusual-residue-in-a-highly-sulfated-chondroitin-sulfate-from-litopenaeus-vannamei
#14
Rômulo S Cavalcante, Adriana S Brito, Lais C G F Palhares, Marcelo A Lima, Renan P Cavalheiro, Helena B Nader, Guilherme L Sassaki, Suely F Chavante
The occurrence of a natural and unmodified highly sulfated chondroitin sulfate from Litopenaeus vannamei heads (sCS) is herein reported. Its partial digestion by Chondroitinases AC and ABC together with its electrophoretic migration profile revealed it as a highly sulfated chondroitin sulfate despite its average molecular weight being similar to CSA. Using orthogonal 1D/2D NMR experiments, the anomeric signals (δ 4.62/106.0) corresponding to unusual 2,3-di-O-Sulfo-GlcA (∼36%), U33S (δ 4.42/84.1, ∼63%) and U22S (4...
March 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352703/inotuzumab-ozogamicin-in-combination-with-low-intensity-chemotherapy-for-older-patients-with-philadelphia-chromosome-negative-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-a-single-arm-phase-2-study
#15
Hagop Kantarjian, Farhad Ravandi, Nicholas J Short, Xuelin Huang, Nitin Jain, Koji Sasaki, Naval Daver, Naveen Pemmaraju, Joseph D Khoury, Jeffrey Jorgensen, Yesid Alvarado, Marina Konopleva, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Tapan Kadia, Musa Yilmaz, Gautam Bortakhur, Jan Burger, Steven Kornblau, William Wierda, Courtney DiNardo, Alessandra Ferrajoli, Jovitta Jacob, Rebecca Garris, Susan O'Brien, Elias Jabbour
BACKGROUND: Inotuzumab ozogamicin, an anti-CD22 monoclonal antibody bound to a toxin, calicheamicin, has shown single-agent activity in relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. We aimed to assess the activity and safety of inotuzumab ozogamicin in combination with low-intensity chemotherapy in older patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. METHODS: We did a single-arm, phase 2 study at the MD Anderson Cancer Center (Houston, TX, USA). Eligible patients were aged 60 years or older and had newly diagnosed, Philadelphia chromosome-negative, acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 3 or lower...
January 15, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352002/intestinal-epithelial-cell-derived-lkb1-suppresses-colitogenic-microbiota
#16
Xia'nan Liu, Jinfeng Lu, Zhenshan Liu, Junjie Zhao, Hongxiang Sun, Ningbo Wu, Hongzhi Liu, Weiwei Liu, Zhuqin Hu, Guangxun Meng, Lei Shen, Aaron W Miller, Bing Su, Xiaoxia Li, Zizhen Kang
Dysregulation of the immune barrier function of the intestinal epithelium can often result in dysbiosis. In this study we report a novel role of intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) -derived liver kinase B1 (LKB1) in suppressing colitogenic microbiota. IEC-specific deletion of LKB1 (LKB1ΔIEC) resulted in an increased susceptibility to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis and a definitive shift in the composition of the microbial population in the mouse intestine. Importantly, transfer of the microbiota from LKB1ΔIEC mice was sufficient to confer increased susceptibility to DSS-induced colitis in wild-type recipient mice...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351623/development-of-sugar-chain-binding-single-chain-variable-fragment-antibody-to-adult-t-cell-leukemia-cells-using-glyco-nanotechnology-and-phage-display-method
#17
Kaname Muchima, Taro Todaka, Hiroyuki Shinchi, Ayaka Sato, Arisa Tazoe, Rikiya Aramaki, Yuhei Kakitsubata, Risa Yokoyama, Naomichi Arima, Masanori Baba, Masahiro Wakao, Yuji Ito, Yasuo Suda
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an intractable blood cancer caused by the infection of human T-cell leukemia virus type-1, and effective medical treatment is required. It is known that the structure and expression levels of cell surface sugar chains vary depending on cell states such as inflammation and cancer. Thus, it is expected that the antibody specific for ATL cell surface sugar chain would be an effective diagnostic tool and a strong candidate for the development of an anti-ATL drug. Here, we developed a stable sugar chain binding single chain variable fragment antibody (scFv) that can bind to ATL cells using a fiber type Sugar Chip and phage display method...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351397/acute-small-intestinal-inflammation-results-in-persistent-lymphatic-alterations
#18
Sonia Rehal, Matthew Stephens, Simon Roizes, Shan Liao, Pierre-Yves von der Weid
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has a complex pathophysiology with limited treatments. Structural and functional changes in the intestinal lymphatic system have been associated with the disease, with increased risk of IBD occurrence linked to a history of acute intestinal injury. To examine the potential role of the lymphatic system in inflammation recurrence, we evaluated morphological and functional changes in mouse mucosal and mesenteric lymphatic vessels, and within the mesenteric lymph nodes during acute ileitis caused by a 7-day treatment with dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351208/preservation-method-and-phosphate-buffered-saline-washing-affect-the-acute-myeloid-leukemia-proteome
#19
Rebecca Wangen, Elise Aasebø, Andrea Trentani, Stein-Ove Døskeland, Øystein Bruserud, Frode Selheim, Maria Hernandez-Valladares
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) primary cells can be isolated from peripheral blood, suspended with media containing bovine serum and cryoprotectant, and stored in liquid nitrogen before being processed for proteomic analysis by mass spectrometry (MS). The presence of bovine serum and human blood proteins in AML samples can hamper the identifications of proteins, and thereby reduce the proteome coverage of the study. Herein, we have established the effect of phosphate buffered saline (PBS) washing on AML patient samples stored in media...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350731/the-oxidation-of-sulfur-iv-by-reaction-with-iron-iii-a-critical-review-and-data-analysis
#20
Peter Warneck
The dependences on ionic strength of the hydrolysis constants of Fe3+ and of the first dissociation constant of sulfurous acid are briefly reviewed. The data are needed to derive from apparent stability constants reported in the literature the stability constants for the three iron-sulfito complexes defined by the equilibria (c1) FeOH2+ + HSO3- = FeSO3+ + H2O, (c2) FeSO3+ + HSO3- = Fe(SO3)2- + H+, (c3a) Fe(SO3)2- + HSO3- = Fe(SO3)3H2-, where Kc1 = 1982 ± 518 dm3 mol-1, Kc2 = 0.72 ± 0.08, Kc3a = 189 ± 9 dm3 mol-1 (ionic strength μ = 0...
January 19, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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