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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911811/the-structure-of-the-catechin-binding-site-of-human-sulfotransferase-1a1
#1
Ian Cook, Ting Wang, Mark Girvin, Thomas S Leyh
We are just beginning to understand the allosteric regulation of the human cytosolic sulfotransferase (SULTs) family-13 disease-relevant enzymes that regulate the activities of hundreds, if not thousands, of signaling small molecules. SULT1A1, the predominant isoform in adult liver, harbors two noninteracting allosteric sites, each of which binds a different molecular family: the catechins (naturally occurring flavonols) and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Here, we present the structure of an SULT allosteric binding site-the catechin-binding site of SULT1A1 bound to epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)...
November 23, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896399/cytochrome-p450-mediated-metabolism-of-triclosan-attenuates-its-cytotoxicity-in-hepatic-cells
#2
Yuanfeng Wu, Priyanka Chitranshi, Lucie Loukotková, Gonçalo Gamboa da Costa, Frederick A Beland, Jie Zhang, Jia-Long Fang
Triclosan is a widely used broad-spectrum anti-bacterial agent. The objectives of this study were to identify which cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms metabolize triclosan and to examine the effects of CYP-mediated metabolism on triclosan-induced cytotoxicity. A panel of HepG2-derived cell lines was established, each of which overexpressed a single CYP isoform, including CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP1B1, CYP2A6, CYP2A7, CYP2A13, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C18, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP3A7, CYP4A11, and CYP4B1...
November 28, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884139/brominated-flame-retardants-in-placental-tissues-associations-with-infant-sex-and-thyroid-hormone-endpoints
#3
Christopher Leonetti, Craig M Butt, Kate Hoffman, Stephanie C Hammel, Marie Lynn Miranda, Heather M Stapleton
BACKGROUND: Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are endocrine disruptors that bioaccumulate in the placenta, but it remains unclear if they disrupt tissue thyroid hormone (TH) metabolism. Our primary goal was to investigate associations between placental BFRs, TH levels, Type 3 deiodinase (DIO3) activity and TH sulfotransferase (SULT) activities. METHODS: Placenta samples collected from 95 women who delivered term (>37 weeks) infants in Durham, NC, USA (enrolled 2010-2011) were analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), 2,4,6-tribromophenol (2,4,6-TBP), THs (T4, T3 and rT3), and DIO3 and TH SULT activities...
November 25, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829782/genetic-analysis-of-chst6-and-tgfbi-in-turkish-patients-with-corneal-dystrophies-five-novel-variations-in-chst6
#4
Fulya Yaylacioglu Tuncay, Gülsüm Kayman Kurekci, Sezen Guntekin Ergun, Ozge Tugce Pasaoglu, Rustu Fikret Akata, Pervin Rukiye Dincer
PURPOSE: To identify pathogenic variations in carbohydrate sulfotransferase 6 (CHST6) and transforming growth factor, beta-induced (TGFBI) genes in Turkish patients with corneal dystrophy (CD). METHODS: In this study, patients with macular corneal dystrophy (MCD; n = 18), granular corneal dystrophy type 1 (GCD1; n = 12), and lattice corneal dystrophy type 1 (LCD1; n = 4), as well as 50 healthy controls, were subjected to clinical and genetic examinations. The level of antigenic keratan sulfate (AgKS) in the serum samples of patients with MCD was determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to immunophenotypically subtype the patients as MCD type I and MCD type II...
2016: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812771/the-in-and-out-of-glucosamine-6-o-sulfation-the-6th-sense-of-heparan-sulfate
#5
REVIEW
Rana El Masri, Amal Seffouh, Hugues Lortat-Jacob, Romain R Vivès
The biological properties of Heparan sulfate (HS) polysaccharides essentially rely on their ability to bind and modulate a multitude of protein ligands. These interactions involve internal oligosaccharide sequences defined by their sulfation patterns. Amongst these, the 6-O-sulfation of HS contributes significantly to the polysaccharide structural diversity and is critically involved in the binding of many proteins. HS 6-O-sulfation is catalyzed by 6-O-sulfotransferases (6OSTs) during biosynthesis, and it is further modified by the post-synthetic action of 6-O-endosulfatases (Sulfs), two enzyme families that remain poorly characterized...
November 3, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793051/alteration-of-colonic-epithelial-cell-differentiation-in-mice-deficient-for-glucosaminyl-n-deacetylase-n-sulfotransferase-4
#6
Tzu-Ming Jao, Ya-Lin Li, Shu-Wha Lin, Sheng-Tai Tzeng, I-Shing Yu, Sou-Jhy Yen, Ming-Hong Tsai, Ya-Chien Yang
Glucosaminyl N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferases (NDSTs) are the first enzymes that mediate the initiation of heparan sulfate sulfation. We previously identified NDST4 as a putative tumor suppressor in human colorectal cancer. In the study, we generated an Ndst4 knockout (Ndst4-/-) mouse strain and explored its phenotypic characteristics, particularly in the development of colonic epithelial homeostasis. The Ndst4-deficient mice were viable and fertile, and their life spans were similar to those of wild-type littermates...
October 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782875/effects-of-stachyose-on-absorption-and-transportation-of-tea-catechins-in-mice-possible-role-of-phase-ii-metabolic-enzymes-and-efflux-transporters-inhibition-by-stachyose
#7
Wenfeng Li, Yalong Lu, Di Huang, Xiao Han, Xingbin Yang
BACKGROUND: Nutritional and absorption-promoting properties of stachyose combined with tea catechins (TC) have been revealed. However, the mechanism involved in non-digestible oligosaccharides-mediated enhancement of flavonoid absorption has largely remained elusive. METHODS: This study was designed to investigate the molecular mechanism of stachyose in enhancing absorption and transportation of TC in mice. Mice were orally pre-treated with stachyose (50, 250, and 500 mg/kg·bw) for 0-8 weeks, and 1 h before sacrifice, mice were treated with TC (250 mg/kg·bw)...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757267/evaluation-of-the-synergistic-effect-of-allium-sativum-eugenia-jambolana-momordica-charantia-ocimum-sanctum-and-psidium-guajava-on-hepatic-and-intestinal-drug-metabolizing-enzymes-in-rats
#8
Devendra Kumar, Neerja Trivedi, Rakesh K Dixit
AIMS/BACKGROUND: This study was to investigated the synergistic effect of polyherbal formulations (PHF) of Allium sativum L., Eugenia jambolana Lam., Momordica charantia L., Ocimum sanctum Linn., and Psidium guajava L. in the inhibition/induction of hepatic and intestinal cytochrome P450 (CYPs) and Phase-II conjugated drug metabolizing enzymes (DMEs). Consumption of these herbal remedy has been extensively documented for diabetes treatment in Ayurveda. METHODOLOGY: PHF of these five herbs was prepared, and different doses were orally administered to Sprague-Dawley rats of different groups except control group...
September 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753269/spondyloepiphyseal-dysplasia-omani-type-chst3-mutation-spectrum-and-phenotypes-in-three-indian-families
#9
Priyanka Srivastava, Himani Pandey, Divya Agarwal, Kausik Mandal, Shubha R Phadke
We describe three consanguineous Indian families with a distinct form of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia (SED Omani type). It is an autosomal recessive disorder due to mutation in CHST3 gene. CHST3 gene encodes the enzyme chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase-1 (C6ST-1) which mediates the sulfation of proteoglycans, (chondroitin sulfate), in the extracellular matrix of cartilage. CHST3 gene was sequenced in probands from three different families with SED. In two families missense mutations (c.904G>C predicting the substitution D302H) and c...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751852/histone-deacetylase-mediated-regulation-of-chondroitin-4-o-sulfotransferase-1-chst11-gene-expression-by-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#10
Satomi Nadanaka, Hiroki Kinouchi, Hiroshi Kitagawa
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycans are abundant extracellular and cell surface molecules that consist of a protein core to which highly sulfated CS chains are covalently attached. The CS backbone is composed of repeating disaccharide units [-GlcA-GalNAc-]n, and during synthesis the CS chains acquire structural variability due to the action of sulfotransferases. Specific sulfation patterns are recognized by a large variety of proteins, including growth factors, morphogens, and extracellular matrix proteins, and these interactions regulate key events in development and normal physiology...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748735/apical-membrane-expression-of-distinct-sulfated-glycans-represents-a-novel-marker-of-cholangiolocellular-carcinoma
#11
Hitomi Hoshino, Makoto Ohta, Makoto Ito, Kenji Uchimura, Yasuhiro Sakai, Takeshi Uehara, Shulin Low, Mana Fukushima, Motohiro Kobayashi
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second most common primary liver neoplasm, followed by hepatocellular carcinoma. ICC can be further subclassified as (i) perihilar and (ii) peripheral types, the latter histologically resembling small-sized intrahepatic bile ducts, such as interlobular bile ducts, cholangioles/ductules and the canals of Hering. Cholangiolocellular carcinoma (CoCC), now classified by the World Health Organization as a subtype of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma, is currently regarded as a subtype of peripheral-type ICC...
October 17, 2016: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743010/influence-of-testosterone-on-phase-ii-metabolism-and-availability-of-soy-isoflavones-in-male-wistar-rats
#12
Sebastian T Soukup, Dennis R Müller, Anne Kurrat, Patrick Diel, Sabine E Kulling
Genistein and daidzein are the main isoflavones in soy. Their potential beneficial or adverse effects in males like the prevention of prostate cancer or the impact on reproductive functions are controversially discussed. Major determinants of their bioactivity are the absorption and biotransformation of isoflavones. In this study, we focused on the influence of testosterone on plasma availability and phase II metabolism of isoflavones. Male Wistar rats, receiving an isoflavones rich diet, were randomized into three groups: Two groups were orchiectomized (ORX) at postnatal day (PND) 80 and treated for 11 days with testosterone propionate (TP) (ORX TP group) or a vehicle (ORX group) after a 7 days lasting hormonal decline...
October 14, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729005/an-assemblage-of-frankia-cluster-ii-strains-from-california-contains-the-canonical-nod-genes-and-also-the-sulfotransferase-gene-nodh
#13
Thanh Van Nguyen, Daniel Wibberg, Kai Battenberg, Jochen Blom, Brian Vanden Heuvel, Alison M Berry, Jörn Kalinowski, Katharina Pawlowski
BACKGROUND: The ability to establish root nodule symbioses is restricted to four different plant orders. Soil actinobacteria of the genus Frankia can establish a symbiotic relationship with a diverse group of plants within eight different families from three different orders, the Cucurbitales, Fagales and Rosales. Phylogenetically, Frankia strains can be divided into four clusters, three of which (I, II, III) contain symbiotic strains. Members of Cluster II nodulate the broadest range of host plants with species from four families from two different orders, growing on six continents...
October 12, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725361/contributions-of-cag-repeat-length-in-the-androgen-receptor-gene-and-androgen-profiles-to-premature-pubarche-in-korean-girls
#14
Min Jae Kang, Jeong Seon Lee, Hwa Young Kim, Hae Woon Jung, Young Ah Lee, Sun Hee Lee, Ji-Young Seo, Jae Hyun Kim, Hye Rim Chung, Se Young Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
The CAG repeat length of the androgen receptor (AR) gene, which exhibits an inverse relationship to AR sensitivity, might influence the development of the pubarche along with hyperandrogenemia. There are ethnic differences in the AR CAG repeat length, however, no Asian studies on premature pubarche (PP) have been reported, including Korea. Our objectives were to examine the hormone levels and AR CAG repeat length, and to assess their contributions to PP in Korean girls. Subjects with PP (n=16) and normal pubarche (NP, n=16), and normal controls (NC, n=16) were enrolled...
October 6, 2016: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703236/nematodes-join-the-family-of-chondroitin-sulfate-synthesizing-organisms-identification-of-an-active-chondroitin-sulfotransferase-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#15
Tabea Dierker, Chun Shao, Tatjana Haitina, Joseph Zaia, Andrea Hinas, Lena Kjellén
Proteoglycans are proteins that carry sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). They help form and maintain morphogen gradients, guiding cell migration and differentiation during animal development. While no sulfated GAGs have been found in marine sponges, chondroitin sulfate (CS) and heparan sulfate (HS) have been identified in Cnidarians, Lophotrocozoans and Ecdysozoans. The general view that nematodes such as Caenorhabditis elegans, which belong to Ecdysozoa, produce HS but only chondroitin without sulfation has therefore been puzzling...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676423/circulating-3-t1am-and-3-5-t2-in-critically-ill-patients-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#16
Lies Langouche, Ina Lehmphul, Sarah Vander Perre, Josef Koehrle, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Critical illness is hallmarked by low circulating T4 and T3 concentrations, in the presence of elevated rT3 and low-normal TSH, referred to as non-thyroidal illness (NTI). Thyroid hormone (TH) metabolism is substantially increased during NTI, in part explained by enhanced deiodinase 3 (D3) activity. T4- and T3-sulfate concentrations are elevated, due to suppressed D1 activity in the presence of unaltered sulfotransferase activity, and 3,3'-diiodothyronine (3,3'-T2) concentrations are normal...
September 27, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649811/updated-perspectives-on-the-cytosolic-sulfotransferases-sults-and-sult-mediated-sulfation
#17
Masahito Suiko, Katsuhisa Kurogi, Takuyu Hashiguchi, Yoichi Sakakibara, Ming-Cheh Liu
The cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs) are Phase II detoxifying enzymes that mediate the sulfate conjugation of numerous xenobiotic molecules. While the research on the SULTs has lagged behind the research on Phase I cytochrome P-450 enzymes and other Phase II conjugating enzymes, it has gained more momentum in recent years. This review aims to summarize information obtained in several fronts of the research on the SULTs, including the range of the SULTs in different life forms, concerted actions of the SULTs and other Phase II enzymes, insights into the structure-function relationships of the SULTs, regulation of SULT expression and activity, developmental expression of SULTs, as well as the use of a zebrafish model for studying the developmental pharmacology/toxicology...
September 21, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645998/chondroitin-4-o-sulfotransferase-is-indispensable-for-sulfation-of-chondroitin-and-plays-an-important-role-in-maintaining-normal-life-span-and-oxidative-stress-responses-in-nematodes
#18
Tomomi Izumikawa, Katsufumi Dejima, Yukiko Watamoto, Kazuko H Nomura, Nanako Kanaki, Marika Rikitake, Mai Tou, Daisuke Murata, Eri Yanagita, Ai Kano, Shohei Mitani, Kazuya Nomura, Hiroshi Kitagawa
Chondroitin sulfate (CS)/chondroitin (Chn) chains are indispensable for embryonic cell division and cytokinesis in the early developmental stages in Caenorhabditis elegans and mice, whereas heparan sulfate (HS) is essential for axon guidance during nervous system development. These data indicate that the fundamental functions of CS and HS are conserved from worms to mammals and that the function of CS/Chn differs from that of HS. Although previous studies have shown that C. elegans produces HS and non-sulfated Chn, whether the organism produces CS remains unclear...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638325/triclosan-elevates-estradiol-levels-in-serum-and-tissues-of-cycling-and-peri-implantation-female-mice
#19
Tyler Pollock, Lucas J Greville, Brandon Tang, Denys deCatanzaro
Triclosan, an antimicrobial agent added to personal care products, can modulate estrogenic actions. We investigated whether triclosan affects concentrations of exogenous and endogenous estradiol. Female mice were given injections of triclosan followed by 1μCi tritium-labeled estradiol. Mice given daily 2-mg triclosan doses (57.9mg/kg/dose) showed significantly elevated radioactivity in tissues and serum compared to controls. A single dose of 1 or 2mg triclosan increased radioactivity in the uterus in both cycling and peri-implantation females...
October 2016: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637483/role-of-exposure-recovery-schedule-in-micronuclei-induction-by-several-promutagens-in-v79-derived-cells-expressing-human-cyp2e1-and-sult1a1
#20
Hansi Jia, Chiteng Zhang, Hansruedi Glatt, Yungang Liu
The standard procedure for the micronucleus test in cell lines requires a short exposure (≤0.5 cell cycle) to the test compounds followed by a long recovery (≥1.5 cell cycle), and in case of negative or equivocal results, a second test with extended exposure (≥2 cell cycles) without or with a recovery time. In general the two procedures are advantageous for detecting clastogens and aneugens, respectively. However, whether the recommended procedures apply to micronucleus tests with promutagens in cell lines genetically engineered for expressing biotransformation enzymes has not been identified...
September 15, 2016: Mutation Research. Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
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