keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sulfotransferase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234468/sulfation-and-amidinohydrolysis-in-the-biosynthesis-of-giant-linear-polyenes
#1
Hui Hong, Markiyan Samborskyy, Katsiaryna Usachova, Katharina Schnatz, Peter F Leadlay
Clethramycin from Streptomyces malaysiensis DSM4137, and mediomycins (produced together with clethramycin from Streptomyces mediocidicus), are near-identical giant linear polyenes apparently constructed from, respectively, a 4-guanidinobutanoate or 4-aminobutanoate starter unit and 27 polyketide extender units, and bearing a specific O-sulfonate modification at the C-29 hydroxy group. We show here that mediomycins are actually biosynthesised not by use of a different starter unit but by direct late-stage deamidination of (desulfo)clethramycin...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233949/association-between-sult1a1-arg213his-rs9282861-polymorphism-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Mohammad Forat-Yazdi, Mohammadali Jafari, Saeed Kargar, Seyed Mojtaba Abolbaghaei, Rezvan Nasiri, Soudabeh Farahnak, Elnaz Foroughi, Hossein Neamatzadeh
BACKGROUND: The Arg213His (rs9282861) polymorphism of Sulfotransferase Family 1A Member 1 (SULT1A1) gene has been associated with risk of breast cancer in some epidemiological studies. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association of SULT1A1 Arg213His (rs9282861) polymorphism with susceptibility to breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search for eligible studies was conducted in PubMed, Elsevier, Science Direct, Scopus and Google Scholar databases up to Oct 5, 2017...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231856/involvement-of-udp-glucuronosyltransferases-and-sulfotransferases-in-the-excretion-and-tissue-distribution-of-resveratrol-in-mice
#3
Michaela Böhmdorfer, Akos Szakmary, Robert H Schiestl, Javier Vaquero, Juliane Riha, Stefan Brenner, Theresia Thalhammer, Thomas Szekeres, Walter Jäger
Resveratrol is a naturally occurring polyphenolic compound with various pharmacological activities. It is unknown whether the expression of metabolizing enzymes correlates with resveratrol levels in organs and tissues. Therefore, we investigated the metabolism and tissue distribution of resveratrol in mice and assessed its association with the expression of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (Ugt) and sulfotransferase (Sult) genes. Plasma, urine, feces, and various organs were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography at up to 8 h after intragastric resveratrol administration...
December 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224107/sex-dependent-role-of-estrogen-sulfotransferase-and-steroid-sulfatase-in-metabolic-homeostasis
#4
Wojciech G Garbacz, Mengxi Jiang, Wen Xie
Sulfonation and desulfation are two opposing processes that represent an important layer of regulation of estrogenic activity via ligand supplies. Enzymatic activities of families of enzymes, known as sulfotransferases and sulfatases, lead to structural and functional changes of the steroids, thyroids, xenobiotics, and neurotransmitters. Estrogen sulfotransferase (EST) and steroid sulfatase (STS) represent negative and positive regulation of the estrogen activity, respectively. This is because EST-mediated sulfation deactivates estrogens, whereas STS-mediated desulfation converts the inactive estrogen sulfates to active estrogens...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221207/chst6-mutation-screening-and-endoplasmatic-reticulum-stress-in-macular-corneal-dystrophy
#5
Liyuan Wang, Xianling Tang, Xiaolin Lv, Encheng Sun, Donglai Wu, Changlin Wang, Ping Liu
Macular corneal dystrophy (MCD) is an autosomal recessive disorder mainly caused by gene mutations of carbohydrate sulfotransferase (CHST6) leading to bilateral visual impairment. Because the mechanism underlying this degeneration remains poorly understood, we investigated molecular alterations and pathways that may be involved in MCD in this issue. Different mutation sites were screened by direct sequencing of the coding region of CHST6. In addition, we described morphological changes in MCD keratocytes by light microscopy and electron microscopy and determined the relationship between the development of this disease and the occurrence of apoptosis through flow cytometry, cell counting kit-8, colony formation assay and other experiments...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206923/vascular-abnormalities-in-the-placenta-of-chst14-fetuses-implications-in-the-pathophysiology-of-perinatal-lethality-of-the-murine-model-and-vascular-lesions-in-human-chst14-d4st1-deficiency
#6
Takahiro Yoshizawa, Shuji Mizumoto, Yuki Takahashi, Shin Shimada, Kazuyuki Sugahara, Jun Nakayama, Shin'ichi Takeda, Yoshihiro Nomura, Yuko Nitahara-Kasahara, Takashi Okada, Kiyoshi Matsumoto, Shuhei Yamada, Tomoki Kosho
Collagen is one of the most important components of the extracellular matrix that is involved in the strength of tissues, cell adhesion, and cell proliferation. Mutations in several collagen and post-translational modification enzyme genes cause Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) characterized by joint and skin hyperextensibility as well as fragility of various organs. Carbohydrate sulfotransferase 14/dermatan 4-O-sulfotransferase-1 (CHST14/D4ST1) is a critical enzyme for biosynthesis of dermatan sulfate, a side chain of various proteoglycans including biglycan that regulates collagen fibrils through their interaction...
December 1, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202873/gene-expression-in-the-chicken-caecum-is-dependent-on-microbiota-composition
#7
Jiri Volf, Ondrej Polansky, Zuzana Sekelova, Philippe Velge, Catherine Schouler, Bernd Kaspers, Ivan Rychlik
Gut microbiota is of considerable importance for each host. Despite this, germ-free animals can be obtained and raised to sexual maturity and consequences of the presence or absence of gut microbiota on gene expression of the host remain uncharacterised. In this study, we performed an unbiased study of protein expression in the caecum of germ-free and colonised chickens. The major difference between these two groups was in the expression of immunoglobulins which were essentially absent in the germ-free chickens...
December 4, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196065/steroidogenic-enzymes-their-products-and-sex-steroid-receptors-during-testis-development-and-spermatogenesis-in-the-domestic-cat-felis-catus
#8
Beate C Braun, Minami W Okuyama, Karin Müller, Martin Dehnhard, Katarina Jewgenow
In the present study we comprehensively characterize intratesticular sex steroid production, metabolism and receptors in the domestic cat to elucidate the role of testosterone, estradiol and progesterone in testis development, steroid synthesis and spermatogenesis. There is a great demand for new concepts of fertility control in domestic (feral) cats and wild felids. The acquired knowledge will help to understand the regulation of spermatogenesis in felids, and may reveal new target points for male contraception...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186467/biological-functions-of-sulfoglycolipids-and-the-emars-method-for-identification-of-co-clustered-molecules-in-the-membrane-microdomains
#9
Koichi Honke
Two major sulfoglycolipids, sulfatide (SO3-3Gal-ceramide) and seminolipid (SO3-3Gal-alkylacylglycerol) exist in mammals. Sulfatide is abundant in the myelin sheath and seminolipid is unique to the spermatogenic cells. The carbohydrate moiety of sulfatide and seminolipid is identical and synthesized by common enzymes: ceramide galactosyltransferase (CGT) and cerebroside sulfotransferase (CST). We have purified CST homogenously, cloned the CST gene, and generated CST-knockout mice. CST-null mice completely lack sulfoglycolipids all over the body...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183998/chondroitin-sulfates-mediated-n-cadherin-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-is-associated-with-basal-like-breast-cancer-cell-invasion
#10
Satomi Nadanaka, Hiroki Kinouchi, Hiroshi Kitagawa
Tumor metastasis involves cancer cell invasion across basement membranes and interstitial tissues. The initial invasion step consists of adherence of the tumor cell to the extracellular matrix (ECM), and this binding transduces a variety of signals from the ECM to the tumor cell. Accordingly, it is critical to establish the mechanisms by which extracellular cues influence the intracellular activities that regulate tumor cell invasion. Here, we found that invasion of the basal-like breast cancer cell line BT-549 is enhanced by the ECM component chondroitin sulfates (CSs)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167427/scallop-genome-reveals-molecular-adaptations-to-semi-sessile-life-and-neurotoxins
#11
Yuli Li, Xiaoqing Sun, Xiaoli Hu, Xiaogang Xun, Jinbo Zhang, Ximing Guo, Wenqian Jiao, Lingling Zhang, Weizhi Liu, Jing Wang, Ji Li, Yan Sun, Yan Miao, Xiaokang Zhang, Taoran Cheng, Guoliang Xu, Xiaoteng Fu, Yangfan Wang, Xinran Yu, Xiaoting Huang, Wei Lu, Jia Lv, Chuang Mu, Dawei Wang, Xu Li, Yu Xia, Yajuan Li, Zhihui Yang, Fengliang Wang, Lu Zhang, Qiang Xing, Huaiqian Dou, Xianhui Ning, Jinzhuang Dou, Yangping Li, Dexu Kong, Yaran Liu, Zhi Jiang, Ruiqiang Li, Shi Wang, Zhenmin Bao
Bivalve molluscs are descendants of an early-Cambrian lineage superbly adapted to benthic filter feeding. Adaptations in form and behavior are well recognized, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Here, we investigate the genome, various transcriptomes, and proteomes of the scallop Chlamys farreri, a semi-sessile bivalve with well-developed adductor muscle, sophisticated eyes, and remarkable neurotoxin resistance. The scallop's large striated muscle is energy-dynamic but not fully differentiated from smooth muscle...
November 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158133/characterization-of-heparan-sulfate-n-deacetylase-n-sulfotransferase-isoform-4-using-synthetic-oligosaccharide-substrates
#12
Yi-Jun Li, Feng-Xin Yin, Xin-Ke Zhang, Jie Yu, Shuang Zheng, Xin-Lei Song, Feng-Shan Wang, Ju-Zheng Sheng
BACKGROUND: The final structure of heparan sulfate chains is strictly regulated in vivo, though the biosynthesis is not guided by a template process. N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase (NDST) is the first modification enzyme in the HS biosynthetic pathway. The N-sulfo groups introduced by NDST are reportedly involved in determination of the susceptibility to subsequent processes catalyzed by C5-epimerse and 3-O-sulfotranferases. Understanding the substrate specificities of the four human NDST isoforms has become central to uncovering the regulatory mechanism of HS biosynthesis...
November 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144397/sulforaphane-alters-%C3%AE-naphthoflavone-induced-changes-in-activity-and-expression-of-drug-metabolizing-enzymes-in-rat-hepatocytes
#13
Kateřina Lněničková, Andrea Dymáková, Barbora Szotáková, Iva Boušová
Sulforaphane (SFN), an isothiocyanate found in cruciferous vegetables, exerts many beneficial effects on human health such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. The effect of SFN alone on drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) has been investigated in numerous in vitro and in vivo models, but little is known about the effect of SFN in combination with cytochrome P450 (CYP) inducer. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of SFN on the activity and gene expression of selected DMEs in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes treated or non-treated with β-naphthoflavone (BNF), the model CYP1A inducer...
November 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134333/whole-cell-dependent-biosynthesis-of-sulfo-conjugate-using-human-sulfotransferase-expressing-budding-yeast
#14
Miyu Nishikawa, Yuuka Masuyama, Motomichi Nunome, Kaori Yasuda, Toshiyuki Sakaki, Shinichi Ikushiro
Cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs), one of the predominant phase II drug metabolizing enzymes (DME), play important roles in metabolism of xeno- and endobiotics to generate their sulfo-conjugates. These sulfo-conjugates often have biological activities but are difficult to study, because even though only small amounts are required to evaluate their efficacy and safety, chemical or biological synthesis of sulfo-conjugatesis is often challenging. Previously, we constructed a DME expression system for cytochrome P450 and UGT, using yeast cells, and successfully produced xenobiotic metabolites in a whole-cell-dependent manner...
November 13, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131015/therapeutic-response-to-paroxetine-in-major-depressive-disorder-predicted-by-dna-methylation
#15
Naohiro Takeuchi, Shinpei Nonen, Masaki Kato, Masataka Wakeno, Yoshiteru Takekita, Toshihiko Kinoshita, Fumihiko Kugawa
BACKGROUND: Antidepressants have variable therapeutic effects, depending on genetic and environmental factors. Approximately 30% of major depressive disorder (MDD) patients do not respond significantly to antidepressants such as paroxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). However, the biological mechanisms behind this phenomenon are mostly unknown. Here, we examined the role of patients' epigenetic background in SSRI efficacy. METHODS: Genome-wide DNA methylation analysis of the peripheral blood of Japanese MDD patients was performed by using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip...
November 4, 2017: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130021/transgenic-overexpression-of-steroid-sulfatase-alleviates-cholestasis
#16
Mengxi Jiang, Meishu Xu, Songrong Ren, Kyle W Selcer, Wen Xie
Background and Aim: Sulfotransferase (SULT)-mediated sulfation and steroid sulfatase (STS)-mediated desulfation represent two critical mechanisms that regulate the chemical and functional homeostasis of endogenous and exogenous molecules. STS catalyzes the hydrolysis of steroid sulfates to form hydroxysteroids. Oxygenated cholesterol derivative oxysterols are known to be endogenous ligands of the liver X receptor (LXR), a nuclear receptor with anti-cholestasis activity, whereas the sulfated oxysterols antagonize LXR signaling...
June 2017: Liver Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122598/effects-of-eus-guided-intratumoral-injection-of-oligonucleotide-stnm01-on-tumor-growth-histology-and-overall-survival-in-patients-with-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer
#17
Makoto Nishimura, Miho Matsukawa, Yuko Fujii, Yoko Matsuda, Tomio Arai, Yasutoshi Ochiai, Takao Itoi, Naohisa Yahagi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Carbohydrate sulfotransferase 15 (CHST15) promotes tumor growth and invasion and is considered to be an emergent therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of EUS-guided fine-needle injection (EUS-FNI) of STNM01, the double-stranded RNA oligonucleotide that specifically represses CHST15, for use in patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Six patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer, treated at Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital, were used in this open-labeled, investigator-initiated trial...
November 6, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120675/utility-of-adenosine-monophosphate-detection-system-for-monitoring-the-activities-of-diverse-enzyme-reactions
#18
Subhanjan Mondal, Kevin Hsiao, Said A Goueli
Adenosine monophosphate (AMP) is a key cellular metabolite regulating energy homeostasis and signal transduction. AMP is also a product of various enzymatic reactions, many of which are dysregulated during disease conditions. Thus, monitoring the activities of these enzymes is a primary goal for developing modulators for these enzymes. In this study, we demonstrate the versatility of an enzyme-coupled assay that quantifies the amount of AMP produced by any enzymatic reaction regardless of its substrates. We successfully implemented it to enzyme reactions that use adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as a substrate (aminoacyl tRNA synthetase and DNA ligase) by an elaborate strategy of removing residual ATP and converting AMP produced into ATP; so it can be detected using luciferase/luciferin and generating light...
October 2017: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113266/overexpression-of-hs6st2-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#19
Yi Jin, Jun He, Jing Du, Ru-Xuan Zhang, Hai-Bo Yao, Qin-Shu Shao
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the clinical significance of the expression of heparan sulfate 6-O-sulfotransferase 2 (HS6ST2) in gastric cancer (GC). The Affymetrix GeneChip(®) Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array (Affymetrix; Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Waltham, MA, USA) was used to identify differentially expressed genes in GC tissues vs. adjacent non-tumor gastric tissues. Candidate genes were further verified by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109113/generation-and-characterization-of-sult4a1-mutant-mouse-models
#20
Patrick L Garcia, Mohammed I Hossain, Shaida A Andrabi, Charles N Falany
Sulfotransferase 4A1 (SULT4A1) belongs to the cytosolic sulfotransferase (SULT) superfamily of enzymes that catalyze sulfonation reactions with a variety of endogenous and exogenous substrates. Of the SULTs, SULT4A1 was shown to have the highest sequence homology between vertebrate species, yet no known function or enzymatic activity have been identified for this orphan SULT. To better understand SULT4A1 function in mammalian brain, two mutant SULT4A1 mouse strains were generated utilizing CRISPR-Cas9 technology...
November 6, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
keyword
keyword
101245
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"