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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259577/outcomes-of-fenestrated-and-branched-endovascular-repair-of-complex-abdominal-and-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#1
Andres Schanzer, Jessica P Simons, Julie Flahive, Jonathan Durgin, Francesco A Aiello, Danielle Doucet, Robert Steppacher, Louis M Messina
BACKGROUND: More than 80% of infrarenal aortic aneurysms are treated by endovascular repair. However, adoption of fenestrated and branched endovascular repair for complex aortic aneurysms has been limited, despite high morbidity and mortality associated with open repair. There are few published reports of consecutive outcomes, inclusive of all fenestrated and branched endovascular repairs, starting from the inception of a complex aortic aneurysm program. Therefore, we examined a single center's consecutive experience of fenestrated and branched endovascular repair of complex aortic aneurysms...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259479/-management-of-mesenteric-ischemia-in-the-era-of-intestinal-stroke-centers-the-gut-and-lifesaving-strategy
#2
A Nuzzo, O Corcos
Mesenteric ischemia is a gut and life-threatening, medical and surgical, digestive and vascular emergency. Mesenteric ischemia is the result of an arterial or venous occlusion, a vasospasm secondary to low-flow states in intensive care patients, aortic clamping during vascular surgery or intestinal transplantation. Progression towards mesenteric infarction and its complications is unpredictable and correlates with high rates of mortality or a high risk of short bowel syndrome in case of survival. Thus, mesenteric ischemia should be diagnosed and treated at an early stage, when gut injury is still reversible...
March 1, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133158/-clinical-experience-with-nutrition-and-anticoagulation-therapy-for-a-patient-with-a-30-cm-residual-jejunum
#3
Arisa Muratsu, Shingo Noura, Tae Matsumura, Masaki Hirota, Yuta Yoshida, Takashi Shuto, Akinobu Yasuyama, Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Chizu Kameda, Ryohei Kawabata, Junzou Shimizu, Junichi Hasegawa
Patients with short bowel syndrome experience malabsorption and digestive disorders. They are unable to maintain adequate nutrition by the oral or enteral route alone, and their requirements for liquids, electrolytes, nutrients, microelements, vitamins, etc., are not completely met. Managing the nutritional needs of these patients is important. Another concern is these patients' inability to absorb medication, because the small intestine that is shortened in short bowel syndrome is the principal site of drug absorption...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122316/bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-an-ectopic-pancreas-in-the-small-bowels-about-2-cases
#4
Haydar A Nasser, Youssef A Sleiman, Ziad A Hassoun, Mohamad Elzaatari, Tarek Berjawi, Wajdi Hamdan, Mustafa Allouch
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic pancreas is most commonly found in the jejunum and stomach. Most patients remain asymptomatic, and the diagnosis is usually made at autopsy or incidentally. We report here 2 cases of intestinal occlusion, secondary to an ectopic pancreatic tissue. Both cases were managed successfully by laparoscopy and laparotomy with subsequent segmental intestinal resection. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Case 1 - An elderly patient presented to the ER because of intestinal occlusion...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858582/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-duhamel-procedure-for-extended-hirschsprung-s-disease
#5
Cécile O Muller, Guillaume Rossignol, Louise Montalva, Jerome Viala, Christine Martinez-Vinson, Alexis Mosca, Dominique Berrebi, Arnaud Bonnard
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to report our experience in extended Hirschsprung's disease (HD) in children operated on by laparoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective data collection from a single center from 1991 to 2013 concerned extended forms of HD operated on by laparoscopic Duhamel procedure and included extension of aganglionosis, comorbidities, short and late postoperative outcome, and results of endoscopy when performed. RESULTS: Thirty patients presented an extended form of aganglionosis: 5 involving the transverse colon, 10 the right colon, and 15 the ileum (median length = 15 cm, range 1-60)...
December 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775304/-administration-of-water-soluble-contrast-for-the-treatment-of-adhesive-intestinal-occlusion
#6
E Calleja Aguayo, A Moreno Montero, A García Baglietto, A E Hernández Calvarro, J Bregante Ucedo, C Marhuenda Irastorza
OBJECTIVE: The water-soluble contrast has shown its effectiveness for the resolution of adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO) in adults. The objective of this study is to compare the value of water-soluble contrast in children with SBO versus control group. METHODS: We conducted a case-control trial. Patients with a history of abdominal surgery and SBO diagnosed between 2008 and 2013 were included as controls. Conservative treatment or surgery depending on clinical evolution was performed in control group...
July 20, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637870/-quetiapine-and-anticholinergic-drugs-induced-ischaemic-colitis-a-case-study
#7
P Cuny, M Houot, S Ginisty, S Horowicz, F Plassart, H Mentec, P Eftekhari
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to underline the need for systematic monitoring of patients treated with anticholinergic antipsychotic drugs. We present the clinical history of a 34-year-old adult, treated with quetiapine in combination with other drugs with anticholinergic effects. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old male adult had been suffering from bipolar disorder since 2001. He was treated with risperidone, but he was not compliant due to adverse effects, including decreased libido and erectile dysfunction...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541027/discontinuity-of-the-bowel-following-damage-control-operation-revisited-a-multi-institutional-study
#8
Peep Talving, Konstantinos Chouliaras, Alexander Eastman, Margaret Lauerman, Pedro G Teixeira, Joseph DuBose, Joseph Minei, Thomas Scalea, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Discontinuity of the bowel following intestinal injury and resection is a common practice in damage control procedures for severe abdominal trauma. However, there are concerns that complete occlusion of the bowel, especially in the presence of hypotension or edema that may result in ischemic bowel changes or increase bacterial or toxin translocation. METHODS: This was a retrospective study from three Level-1 trauma centers. Included were trauma patients who required bowel resection and damage control...
January 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426671/emergency-revascularisation-in-a-patient-with-acute-mesenteric-ischaemia-the-role-of-open-revascularisation-and-compensatory-blood-flow
#9
Abigail H M Morbi, Ian M Nordon
PURPOSE: This case highlights the importance of timely diagnosis and management of acute mesenteric ischaemia and illustrates the compensatory mechanisms of the mesenteric vasculature. CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old female presented with fever, abdominal pain, and vomiting. The patient had no risk factors for atherosclerosis and was a non-smoker in sinus rhythm with no history of coagulopathy. She was initially treated for viral gastroenteritis. Due to lack of clinical improvement and a rising C-Reactive Protein (416), a CT scan was performed...
August 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341746/-constipation-and-cancer-current-strategies
#10
REVIEW
Claire Gervais, Philippe Ducrotté, Thierry Piche, Mario Di Palma, Nicolas Jovenin, Florian Scotté
Digestive disorders, in particular constipation, are symptoms very often reported by cancer patients as having a major impact on their quality of life. An accurate diagnosis of bowel delayed transit and defecation disorders is required to best adapt therapeutic management. Constipation associated with cancer may be related to several causes, which can be placed in three nosological categories that sometimes overlap: chronic constipation prior to cancer and having its own evolution; constipation related to the cancer condition, in particular the occlusive syndrome, and constipation induced by cancer therapies...
September 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179226/clinical-strategies-for-the-management-of-intestinal-obstruction-and-pseudo-obstruction-a-delphi-consensus-study-of-sicut-societ%C3%A3-italiana-di-chirurgia-d-urgenza-e-del-trauma
#11
Gianluca Costa, Paolo Ruscelli, Genoveffa Balducci, Francesco Buccoliero, Laura Lorenzon, Barbara Frezza, Piero Chirletti, Franco Stagnitti, Stefano Miniello, Francesco Stella
BACKGROUND: Intestinal obstructions/pseudo-obstruction of the small/large bowel are frequent conditions but their management could be challenging. Moreover, a general agreement in this field is currently lacking, thus SICUT Society designed a consensus study aimed to define their optimal workout. METHODS: The Delphi methodology was used to reach consensus among 47 Italian surgical experts in two study rounds. Consensus was defined as an agreement of 75.0% or greater...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041815/laparoscopic-management-of-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction
#12
Ferid Konjic, Enes Idrizovic, Ismar Hasukic, Alen Jahic
INTRODUCTION: Adhesions are the reason for bowel obstruction in 80% of the cases. In well selected patients the adhesive ileus laparoscopic treatment has multiple advantages which include the shorter hospitalization period, earlier food taking, and less postoperative morbidity rate. CASE REPORT: Here we have a patient in the age of 35 hospitalized at the clinic due to occlusive symptoms. Two years before an opened appendectomy had been performed on him. He underwent the treatment of exploration laparoscopy and laparoscopic adhesiolysis...
February 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944585/espen-guidelines-on-chronic-intestinal-failure-in-adults
#13
Loris Pironi, Jann Arends, Federico Bozzetti, Cristina Cuerda, Lyn Gillanders, Palle Bekker Jeppesen, Francisca Joly, Darlene Kelly, Simon Lal, Michael Staun, Kinga Szczepanek, André Van Gossum, Geert Wanten, Stéphane Michel Schneider
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic Intestinal Failure (CIF) is the long-lasting reduction of gut function, below the minimum necessary for the absorption of macronutrients and/or water and electrolytes, such that intravenous supplementation is required to maintain health and/or growth. CIF is the rarest organ failure. Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is the primary treatment for CIF. No guidelines (GLs) have been developed that address the global management of CIF. These GLs have been devised to generate comprehensive recommendations for safe and effective management of adult patients with CIF...
April 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909235/mesenteric-ischemia-pathogenesis-and-challenging-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-modalities
#14
REVIEW
Aikaterini Mastoraki, Sotiria Mastoraki, Evgenia Tziava, Stavroula Touloumi, Nikolaos Krinos, Nikolaos Danias, Andreas Lazaris, Nikolaos Arkadopoulos
Mesenteric ischemia (MI) is an uncommon medical condition with high mortality rates. ΜΙ includes inadequate blood supply, inflammatory injury and eventually necrosis of the bowel wall. The disease can be divided into acute and chronic MI (CMI), with the first being subdivided into four categories. Therefore, acute MI (AMI) can occur as a result of arterial embolism, arterial thrombosis, mesenteric venous thrombosis and non-occlusive causes. Bowel damage is in proportion to the mesenteric blood flow decrease and may vary from minimum lesions, due to reversible ischemia, to transmural injury, with subsequent necrosis and perforation...
February 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26846139/reperfusion-in-non-occlusive-mesenteric-ischaemia-nomi-effectiveness-of-ct-in-an-emergency-setting
#15
Maria A Mazzei, Susanna Guerrini, Nevada Cioffi Squitieri, Carla Vindigni, Giusi Imbriaco, Francesco Gentili, Daniela Berritto, Francesco G Mazzei, Roberto Grassi, Luca Volterrani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the CT features of reperfusion (presence/absence) in non-occlusive mesenteric ischaemia (NOMI) and their prognostic value in an emergency setting. METHODS: A revision was undertaken of imaging from 20 patients (16 males/4 females) with a dismissal summary of NOMI. All patients had previously undergone a minimum of one multidetector CT examination, and consequently underwent surgery (n = 8), autopsy (n = 2), angiography (n = 1) or endoscopy (n = 9)...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26827737/acute-perforated-diverticulitis-assessment-with-multidetector-computed-tomography
#16
REVIEW
Barbara Sessa, Michele Galluzzo, Stefania Ianniello, Antonio Pinto, Margherita Trinci, Vittorio Miele
Colonic diverticulitis is a common condition in the western population. Complicated diverticulitis is defined as the presence of extraluminal air or abscess, peritonitis, colon occlusion, or fistulas. Multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) is the modality of choice for the diagnosis and the staging of diverticulitis and its complications, which enables performing an accurate differential diagnosis and addressing the patients to a correct management. MDCT is accurate in diagnosing the site of perforation in approximately 85% of cases, by the detection of direct signs (focal bowel wall discontinuity, extraluminal gas, and extraluminal enteric contrast) and indirect signs, which are represented by segmental bowel wall thickening, abnormal bowel wall enhancement, perivisceral fat stranding of fluid, and abscess...
February 2016: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26611822/prenatal-interventions-for-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-for-improving-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Rosalie M Grivell, Chad Andersen, Jodie M Dodd
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), is an uncommon but severe condition in which there is a developmental defect in the fetal diaphragm, resulting in liver and bowel migrating to the chest cavity and impairing lung development and function for the neonate. This condition can be diagnosed during pregnancy and as such, is potentially amenable to in-utero prenatal intervention. Neonatal surgical repair is possible, but even with early surgical repair and improving neonatal management, neonatal morbidity and mortality is high...
November 27, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26603727/pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
REVIEW
A Bondurri, A Maffioli, P Danelli
Advances in tailored medical therapy and introduction of biologic agents for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment have ensured long-term disease remission. Some patients, however, still report defecatory symptoms. Patients present with a wide spectrum of conditions - anal incontinence, obstructed defecation and pelvic pain among the most frequent - that have a great impact on their quality of life. Due to IBD diagnosis, little relevance is attributed to this type of symptoms and their epidemiologic distribution is unknown...
December 2015: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26243208/revascularization-of-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-after-creation-of-a-dedicated-multidisciplinary-center
#19
Arnaud Roussel, Yves Castier, Alexandre Nuzzo, Quentin Pellenc, Annie Sibert, Yves Panis, Yoram Bouhnik, Olivier Corcos
OBJECTIVE: Arterial acute mesenteric ischemia (AAMI) is a vascular and gastroenterologic emergency, most often surgical, still associated with a poor prognosis and frequent short bowel syndrome in survivors. We report the results of revascularization in AAMI patients after the creation of an intestinal stroke center. METHODS: Since July 2009, we developed a multimodal and multidisciplinary management for AMI, focusing on intestinal viability and involving gastroenterologists, vascular and abdominal surgeons, radiologists, and intensive care specialists...
November 2015: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26202388/endovascular-management-of-acute-embolic-occlusion-of-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-a-12-year-single-centre-experience
#20
J Raupach, M Lojik, V Chovanec, O Renc, M Strýček, P Dvořák, P Hoffmann, I Guňka, A Ferko, P Ryška, N Omran, A Krajina, P Čabelková, E Čermáková, R Malý
PURPOSE: Retrospective evaluation of 12-year experience with endovascular management of acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) due to embolic occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2003 to 2014, we analysed the in-hospital mortality of 37 patients with acute mesenteric embolism who underwent primary endovascular therapy with subsequent on-demand laparotomy. Transcatheter embolus aspiration was used in all 37 patients (19 women, 18 men, median age 76 years) with embolic occlusion of the SMA...
February 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
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