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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645040/longitudinal-effects-of-religious-involvement-on-religious-coping-and-health-behaviors-in-a-national-sample-of-african-americans
#1
Cheryl L Holt, David L Roth, Jin Huang, Crystal L Park, Eddie M Clark
Many studies have examined associations between religious involvement and health, linking various dimensions of religion with a range of physical health outcomes and often hypothesizing influences on health behaviors. However, far fewer studies have examined explanatory mechanisms of the religion-health connection, and most have overwhelmingly relied on cross-sectional analyses. Given the relatively high levels of religious involvement among African Americans and the important role that religious coping styles may play in health, the present study tested a longitudinal model of religious coping as a potential mediator of a multidimensional religious involvement construct (beliefs; behaviors) on multiple health behaviors (e...
June 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#2
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636486/spirituality-religion-and-suicidality-among-veterans-a-qualitative-study
#4
Jaimie Lusk, Steven K Dobscha, Marek Kopacz, Mary Frances Ritchie, Sarah Ono
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explores the relationship between Veterans' spirituality/religion and suicide ideation and attempts. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 Veterans who either endorsed chronic suicidal ideation or had made suicide attempt(s). Interviews explored the bi-directional relationship between spirituality/religion (e.g., beliefs, practices and experiences), and suicide ideation and behaviors. Interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636456/healthcare-system-in-indonesia
#5
Suryanto, Virginia Plummer, Malcolm Boyle
The cultural diversity, its archipelago, and the major religion being Muslim have all influenced the development of the healthcare in Indonesia. The authors' objective is to describe the evolution of the healthcare system in Indonesia. Community-based health service, called puskesmas, is the key of the healthcare service in the country. The World Health Organization estimated that 64% of all deaths in Indonesia are caused by noncommunicable diseases, which might relate to the mostly unorganized prehospital care system...
June 21, 2017: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619033/social-representations-of-malaria-in-the-guna-indigenous-population-of-comarca-guna-de-madungandi-panama
#6
Lorenzo Cáceres, José E Calzada, Amanda Gabster, Josue Young, Ricardo Márquez, Rolando Torres, Margarita Griffith
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to recognize the social representation of the Guna indigenous population by identifying cultural elements related to malaria, in order to create an intercultural approach to any health intervention to control and prevent the disease. METHODS: This qualitative study has an anthropological focus that used participant observation, informal conversations, focus groups, interviews, in-depth interviews with key actors. Analyses included review, classification and categorization of interviews...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618248/effect-of-attitudes-towards-patients-on-sexual-history-taking-a-survey-of-iranian-american-physicians-in-california-usa
#7
Mitra Rashidian, Victor Minichiello, Synnove F Knutsen, Mark Ghamsary
Background: Although obtaining sexual history from patients is essential, the attitudes of physicians can become a barrier to sexual health care. Iranian-American physicians may face particular challenges because talking about sexuality is considered a taboo within their culture. Our study examined these physicians' attitudes when taking a sexual history from their patients. Methods: In 2013, a self-administrated questionnaire was sent to 1550 Iranian-American physicians in California, USA. Using factor analysis, the principal components approach with a Varimax rotation was used on a set of 12-item questions (five-point Likert scales) to detect latent factors that explain attitudes affecting sexual history taking...
June 16, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615762/prevalence-of-depression-among-school-going-adolescents-in-an-urban-area-of-bihar-india
#8
Kunal Kishor Jha, Satyajeet Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar Nirala, Chandramani Kumar, Pragya Kumar, Neeraj Aggrawal
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the under-recognized health problems in adolescents. Emotional instability resulted from childhood to adulthood transition makes adolescents vulnerable to depression. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of depression and its associated sociodemographic factors among school-going adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken from January 2016 to June 2016 in adolescents studying in 9-12(th) standard from forty schools located in an urban area of Patna, Bihar...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609264/supporting-muslim-patients-during-advanced-illness
#9
REVIEW
Nathan A Boucher, Ejaz A Siddiqui, Harold G Koenig
Religion is an important part of many patients' cultural perspectives and value systems that influence them during advanced illness and toward the end of life when they directly face mortality. Worldwide violence perpetrated by people identifying as Muslim has been a growing fear for people living in the US and elsewhere. This fear has further increased by the tense rhetoric heard from the recent US presidential campaign and the new presidential administration. For many, this includes fear of all Muslims, the second-largest religious group in the world with 1...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607674/gender-bias-in-careseeking-practices-in-57-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
Janaína Calu Costa, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Aluísio Jd Barros, Cesar G Victora
BACKGROUND: Preventive and curative medical interventions can reduce child mortality. It is important to assess whether there is gender bias in access to these interventions, which can lead to preferential treatment of children of a given sex. METHODS: Data from Demographic and Health Surveys carried out in 57 low- and middle-income countries were used. The outcome variable was a composite careseeking indicator, which represents the proportion of children with common childhood symptoms or illnesses (diarrhea, fever, or suspected pneumonia) who were taken to an appropriate provider...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606083/the-spiritual-history-in-outpatient-practice-attitudes-and-practices-of-health-professionals-in-the-adventist-health-system
#11
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
BACKGROUND: A screening spiritual history (SSH) is how health professionals (HP) identify patients' spiritual values, beliefs and preferences (VBPs) in the outpatient setting. We report on attitudes and practices of HPs in the largest Protestant health system in the U.S., the Adventist Health System (AHS). METHOD: Physicians or mid-level practitioners (N = 1082) in AHS-affiliated practices were approached and 513 (47%) agreed to participate. Participants were asked to identify a "spiritual care coordinator" (nurse/staff) and complete a questionnaire that assessed demographics, practice characteristics, religious involvement, and attitudes/practices concerning the SSH...
June 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605622/factors-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-community-volunteers-during-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-in-korea
#12
Ju-Yeon Lee, Sung-Wan Kim, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Jae-Min Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Jin-Sang Yoon
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics associated with volunteerism and identify the factors that contributed to posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among community volunteers following the Sewol ferry disaster in Korea. METHODS: In total, 2,298 adults (aged 30-70 years) from the Jin-do area, where the Sewol ferry disaster occurred, participated in this study. A cross-sectional survey was conducted 1 month after the disaster...
June 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601715/the-association-of-personal-importance-of-religion-and-religious-service-attendance-with-suicidal-ideation-by-age-group-in-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#13
Daisuke Nishi, Ryoko Susukida, Naoaki Kuroda, Holly C Wilcox
Religiosity has been shown to be inversely associated with suicidal ideation, but few studies have examined associations by age group. This study aimed to examine the association between religiosity with suicidal ideation by age group. This study used a large nationally representative sample of 260,816 study participants from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Religiosity was defined as self-reported importance of religious beliefs and frequency of religious service attendance. The association between religiosity and suicidal ideation was assessed by multivariable logistic regression analysis stratified by age group (18-25, 26-34, 35-49, 50-64, 65 or older)...
June 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595441/healing-spirituality-and-integrative-medicine
#14
David M Steinhorn, Jana Din, Angela Johnson
Spirituality plays a prominent role in the lives of most palliative patients whether or not they formally adhere to a specific religion and belief. As a result, the palliative care team is frequently called upon to support families who are experiencing their "dark night of the soul" and struggling to make sense of their lives during a healthcare crisis. While conventional religious practices provide a source of comfort and guidance for many of our patients, a significant number of our patients do not have a strong religious community to which to turn...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594883/qat-use-and-esophageal-cancer-in-ethiopia-a-pilot-case-control-study
#15
Maria E Leon, Mathewos Assefa, Endale Kassa, Abate Bane, Tufa Gemechu, Yared Tilahun, Nigatu Endalafer, Gilles Ferro, Kurt Straif, Elizabeth Ward, Abraham Aseffa, Joachim Schüz, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: Qat (Catha edulis) chewing is reported to induce lesions in the buccal mucosa, irritation of the esophagus, and esophageal reflux. Case series suggest a possible etiological role in oral and esophageal cancers. This pilot study aimed to generate preliminary estimates of the magnitude and direction of the association between qat use and esophageal cancer (EC) risk and to inform the logistics required to conduct a multi-center case-control study. METHODS: Between May 2012 and May 2013, 73 EC cases (including 12 gastro-esophageal junction cases) and 133 controls matched individually on sex, age, and residence were enrolled at two endoscopy clinics and a cancer treatment hospital in Addis Ababa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593052/scaling-up-contraceptives-use-in-the-division-with-lowest-contraceptives-use-in-bangladesh-sources-methods-and-determinants
#16
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Sharmin Majumder, Atia Sharmeen, Rifath Ara Alam Barsha, Shakir Hossen
BACKGROUND: Total fertility rate (TFR) is high and at a static level for the last two decades in Bangladesh. Reduction of fertility by increasing contraceptives use could reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. To achieve the targeted contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) Initiative, it is important to increase CPR in all regions of the country. However, it is lower in Sylhet Division compared to other divisions in Bangladesh. This study looked into the methods, source and determinants of contraceptives use in this division...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592273/research-on-subgroups-is-not-research-on-equity-attributes-evidence-from-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-vaccination
#17
REVIEW
Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Meike-Kathrin Zuske, Christian Auer
BACKGROUND: Equity remains a priority in the international health development agenda. However, major inequities in vaccination coverage jeopardise the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. We aim at comprehensively describing how research has addressed equity issues related to vaccination. METHODS: We carried out an overview of systematic reviews (SRs) that explicitly explored the effects of interventions to improve vaccination in any context; for any vaccine and, in any language...
June 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591555/seroepidemiological-study-and-associated-risk-factors-of-toxocara-canis-infection-among-preschool-children-in-osun-state-nigeria
#18
Oluyomi A Sowemimo, Yueh-Lun Lee, Samuel O Asaolu, Ting-Wu Chuang, Olaoluwa P Akinwale, Bolaji O Badejoko, Vincent P Gyang, Timothy Nwafor, Emmanuel Henry, Chia-Kwung Fan
Human toxocariasis is caused by the nematode, Toxocara canis and it is a poorly understood phenomenon in Nigeria. Seroepidemiological studies have not been previously carried out among the preschool aged children in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was conducted in pre-school children in four communities from Osun State, Nigeria between January and July 2016. A total of 308 children Aged 9 months and 5 years were studied comprising 53.2% (164/308) male and 46.8% (144/308) female. Blood samples were collected and screened for the presence of anti-Toxocara IgG antibodies by Western blot analysis based on the excretory-secretory antigens of larva T...
June 4, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587502/ethical-values-in-nurse-education-perceived-by-students-and-educators
#19
Mahsa Boozaripour, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Mohsen Shahriari, Fariba Borhani
BACKGROUND: Education is considered the first function and mission of the university, and observing educational ethics guarantees the health of the teaching-learning process in the university. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore ethical values in nursing education from the perspective of Iranian nursing students and educators. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted using the Thematic Content Analyses method. The data were collected from seven semi-structured individual interviews and three focus group discussions from July to November 2015...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583125/considerations-and-guidance-in-designing-equity-relevant-clinical-trials
#20
EDITORIAL
Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Theresa Aves, Beverley Shea, Janet Jull, Vivian Welch, Monica Taljaard, Manosila Yoganathan, Regina Greer-Smith, George Wells, Peter Tugwell
Health research has documented disparities in health and health outcomes within and between populations. When these disparities are unfair and avoidable they may be referred to as health inequities. Few trials attend to factors related to health inequities, and there is limited understanding about how to build consideration of health inequities into trials. Due consideration of health inequities is important to inform the design, conduct and reporting of trials so that research can build evidence to more effectively address health inequities and importantly, ensure that inequities are not aggravated...
June 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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