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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909930/relationship-between-religious-belief-and-happiness-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Mohd Ahsan Kabir Rizvi, Mohammad Zakir Hossain
Happiness is a feeling that is desired by every human being. To achieve happiness, human try various routes like, to gain financial superiority, fame, entertainment, assets and so on. But on the contrary, religiosity is claimed to be a technique to attain purpose in life, mental health, physical well-being and internal peace, which ultimately leads to happiness in life. This study analyses the studies conducted in last two decades toward understanding the relationship between religiousness and happiness. These studies have been organised in terms of the religions, geographic locations, scales and significance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909857/privacy-autonomy-and-public-policy-french-and-north-american-perspectives
#2
Jennifer Merchant
This article raises the question of whether in both the United States and in France, an individual's autonomy and private decision-making right(s) in matters of health care and access to reproductive technologies can be conciliated with the general interest, and more specifically, the role of the State. Can a full-fledged right to privacy, the ability to exercise one's autonomy, exist alongside the general interest, and depend neither on financial resources like in the United States nor on centralised government decisions or the medical hierarchy like in France? The contrast between these two modern democracies justify the importance of comparing them...
December 2, 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909236/sexual-risk-behaviors-of-african-american-adolescent-females-the-role-of-cognitive-and-religious-factors
#3
Safiya George Dalmida, Natasha Aduloju-Ajijola, Dora Clayton-Jones, Tami L Thomas, Ricardo J Erazo Toscano, Rashunda Lewis, Terri Fleming, Shirley Taylor, Macie Lunyong
INTRODUCTION: African American (AA) high school-age girls are more likely to have had sex before age 13 years and have higher rates of all sexually transmitted infections. Cognition and religion/spirituality are associated with adolescent sexuality, therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify cognitive and religious substrates of AA girls' risky sexual behaviors. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted with 65 AA girls aged 15 to 20 years using computerized questionnaires and cognitive function tasks...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905952/mental-health-and-urban-living-in-sub-saharan-africa-major-depressive-episodes-among-the-urban-poor-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso
#4
Géraldine Duthé, Clémentine Rossier, Doris Bonnet, Abdramane Bassiahi Soura, Jamaica Corker
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan African cities, the epidemiological transition has shifted a greater proportion of the burden of non-communicable diseases, including mental and behavioral disorder, to the adult population. The burden of major depressive disorder and its social risk factors in the urban sub-Saharan African population are not well understood and estimates vary widely. We conducted a study in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, in order to estimate the prevalence of major depressive episodes among adults in this urban setting...
May 5, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892706/-if-i-went-to-my-mom-with-that-information-i-m-dead-sexual-health-knowledge-barriers-among-immigrant-and-refugee-somali-young-adults-in-ohio
#5
Caroline Kingori, Gillian Harper Ice, Qorsho Hassan, Abdul Elmi, Erin Perko
OBJECTIVES: Adequate knowledge of sexual health among young adults is a critical step in prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and maintenance of adult sexual health. Knowledge of specific barriers to accessing sexual health knowledge can help tailor approaches appropriately. The purpose of this paper was to identify sexual health knowledge barriers among Somali young adults in Ohio. DESIGN: In-depth interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 27 Somali young adults aged 18-25 years...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892699/genetics-of-consanguinity-and-inbreeding-in-health-and-disease
#6
Mohd Fareed, Mohammad Afzal
CONTEXT: Inbreeding increases the level of homozygotes for autosomal recessive disorders and is the major objective in clinical studies. The prevalence of consanguinity and the degree of inbreeding vary from one population to another depending on ethnicity, religion, culture and geography. Global epidemiological studies have revealed that consanguineous unions have been significantly associated with increased susceptibility to various forms of inherited diseases Objective: The study aimed to determine the role of consanguinity in human health and to highlight the associated risks for various diseases or disorders...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890024/end-of-life-experiences-and-deathbed-phenomena-as-reported-by-brazilian-healthcare-professionals-in-different-healthcare-settings
#7
Claudia Soares Dos Santos, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Peter Fenwick, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the present study were to describe and compare the characteristics and reports of end-of-life experiences (ELEs) by healthcare professionals at different institutions and to investigate the influence of religious beliefs on these reports. METHOD: A multicenter study was carried out in Brazil that included six nursing homes (NHs), a cancer hospital (ONC), and a palliative care (PC) unit. Sociodemographic data, ELE reports (Fenwick's questionnaire), religiosity (the Duke Religion Index), spirituality (the Spirituality Self-Rating Scale), and mental health (the DASS-21 questionnaire) were assessed...
November 28, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888392/factors-associated-with-the-quality-of-life-of-mothers-of-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#8
M R S Moura, C G A Araújo, M M Prado, H B M S Paro, R M C Pinto, V O S Abdallah, T M S Mendonça, C H M Silva
AIM: To analyze possible factors associated with the quality of life (QoL) of mothers of preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) during the first 3 years after delivery. METHODS: The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-bref scores were compared and correlated with maternal and infant-related sociodemographic and clinical variables at maternal discharge (T0) and at 6 (T1), 12 (T2), 24 (T3), and 36 (T4) months after delivery. Multiple linear regression models were fitted to investigate the effect of these variables on the mothers' QoL...
November 25, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885482/traveling-through-the-perineum-s-to-the-discovery-of-an-old-world
#9
Michele Rubbini
INTRODUCTION: The migration of large numbers of people and refugees induces various fears in their receiving countries; the arrival of potential terrorists, and, among others, the negative impact that their need for health care can have on the sustainability of health services. In this sense, migrants are considered by many a threat. METHOD: In this brief "letter narrative", based on the experience gained in the treatment of various diseases of the perineum, I mean to suggest that the perineal disorders, especially in women, is common event, shared by women of different ethnicity, culture, and religion...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876690/-mommy-blogs-and-the-vaccination-exemption-narrative-results-from-a-machine-learning-approach-for-story-aggregation-on-parenting-social-media-sites
#10
Timothy R Tangherlini, Vwani Roychowdhury, Beth Glenn, Catherine M Crespi, Roja Bandari, Akshay Wadia, Misagh Falahi, Ehsan Ebrahimzadeh, Roshan Bastani
BACKGROUND: Social media offer an unprecedented opportunity to explore how people talk about health care at a very large scale. Numerous studies have shown the importance of websites with user forums for people seeking information related to health. Parents turn to some of these sites, colloquially referred to as "mommy blogs," to share concerns about children's health care, including vaccination. Although substantial work has considered the role of social media, particularly Twitter, in discussions of vaccination and other health care-related issues, there has been little work on describing the underlying structure of these discussions and the role of persuasive storytelling, particularly on sites with no limits on post length...
November 22, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875651/religious-hospitals-and-patient-choice
#11
Nadia N Sawicki
Recent media reports have drawn widespread attention to the experiences of patients who are denied reproductive services at Catholic hospitals. For some patients, such as those experiencing miscarriage, denial of appropriate treatment can lead to serious health consequences. However, many patients are unaware of the limitations on services available at religiously affiliated health care institutions. As a result, patients' ability to make informed and autonomous decisions about where to seek treatment is hindered...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875642/international-perspectives-on-physician-assistance-in-dying
#12
David Orentlicher
When the Supreme Court of Canada recognized a constitutional right to "medical assistance in dying" last year-and the nation's Parliament enacted legislation to implement the right earlier this year-Canadian lawmakers could look to two different models for guidance. The Netherlands and Belgium recognize a broad right to assistance in dying, while Oregon and elsewhere in the United States have a narrow right. In some ways, assistance in dying in Canada follows the Dutch-Belgian approach, while, in other ways, it seems more American...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874992/on-the-road-to-health-equity-incorporating-culture-into-research
#13
EDITORIAL
Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, June Carrington
The increased mobility of people between and within countries throughout history has contributed to the diversification of populations worldwide. Despite the recent worldwide economic crisis, migration to both Northern and Southern regions in the world and from rural to urban areas has reached all-time highs (United Nations 2013). As a result, local communities have become increasingly diverse with individuals within these communities representing a myriad of races, ethnic groups, countries of origin, languages, religions, socioeconomic strata, histories, and lived experiences...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873298/place-attachment-and-disasters-knowns-and-unknowns
#14
Mehdi Jamali, Ali Nejat
When considering the factors important for disaster recovery, one must consider the attachment individuals have toward their living area. This article reviews and synthesizes the current literature on the determinants of place attachment in the context of postdisaster recovery. Although the majority of the reviewed articles focused on disaster recovery, there were some which had a broader scope and were included due to their importance. This research categorizes the determinants of place attachment into four categories: demographic, socioeconomic, spatial, and psychosocial...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871955/challenges-to-practicing-sexual-medicine-in-the-middle-east
#15
REVIEW
Abdulaziz Baazeem
INTRODUCTION: The Middle East is a vast region that includes the Arabian Peninsula, Turkey, Iran, the Levant, and North Africa. Some of the world's earliest civilizations appeared in this region and major religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam originated there. It is an influential region in politics, economy, and resources, but it remains largely enigmatic to those outside the region. The various ethnicities, religions, traditions, and customs in the region have made it unique and diverse at the same time...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866219/mental-health-of-children-who-work-on-the-streets-in-brazil-after-enrollment-in-a-psychosocial-program
#16
Elis Viviane Hoffmann, Cristiane S Duarte, Victor Fossaluza, Ana Carolina C Milani, Mariana R Maciel, Marcelo F Mello, Andrea F Mello
PURPOSE: To evaluate the mental health status of children working on the streets in Sao Paulo City, Brazil, two years after their participation in a psychosocial program, and to identify factors associated with their mental health status. METHODS: From a total sample of 126 children working on the streets, 107 (85%) were re-evaluated two years after the initiation of a psychosocial program which aimed to cease their work on the streets. The focus was the presence of mental health problems, defined based on a screening instrument (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire)...
November 19, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864789/informational-support-in-pediatric-oncology-review-of-the-challenges-among-arab-families
#17
REVIEW
Naïma Otmani, Mohammed Khattab
Childhood cancer and its invasive treatment is a distressing life experience for the child and his family. Providing informational support is an essential part of community care, and defining parent's burden is an important part of this goal. However, providing such information can be particularly challenging in Arab countries where beliefs, traditions, religion, and socioeconomic factors influence parents' needs and their priorities of needs. This article presents a review of these specificities among Arab families...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864519/faith-and-marital-violence-in-sub-saharan-africa-exploring-the-links-between-religious-affiliation-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-ghana
#18
Baffour K Takyi, Enoch Lamptey
Research shows that intimate partner violence is quite widespread throughout the world. In the case of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), studies have concluded that cultural and economic factors help to sustain the spread and maintenance of intimate partner violence in the region. Although the cultural interpretations predominate in current research, few have examined the links between religion, an important cultural variable, and intimate partner violence in SSA. Given the growth and importance of religion in African cultures, we used data from the 2008 Ghana Demographic Health Survey (n = 1,831) and ordinary least squares regression method to investigate the links between religious affiliation and intimate partner violence...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863914/cultural-aspects-and-mythologies-surrounding-menstruation-and-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#19
REVIEW
Delfin A Tan, Rohana Haththotuwa, Ian S Fraser
The objective of this chapter is to present an overview of how menstruation, a normal bodily function, was and is perceived in various ethnic groups and cultures in the world, from ancient mythology, historical, or traditional practices to contemporary belief systems. Mythical tales about menstruation abound in the legends and prehistory of ancient cultures. These tales characterize menstrual blood variously as sacred, a gift from the gods, or a punishment for sin, but it is almost always magical and powerful...
October 26, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863590/quality-of-life-of-people-with-chronic-ulcers
#20
Karina de Fátima Rodrigues Dos Santos, Paula Rogéria da Silva, Valéria Tristão Ferreira, Elaine Aparecida Rocha Domingues, Ivandira Ribeiro Anselmo Simões, Rogério Silva Lima, Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic ulcers have physical, social, and psychological changes that directly affect their quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quality of life and analyze the association between personal and health characteristics in patient quality of life for those with chronic ulcers. METHOD: A cross-sectional study, nonprobabilistic. The questionnaire to evaluate personal and health characteristics and the Ferrans and Power Quality of Life Index-Wound Version were used for the data collection...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
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