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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134438/a-concept-analysis-of-spiritual-health
#1
Akram Sadat Sadat Hoseini, Naghmeh Razaghi, Abdul Hosein Khosro Panah, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri
Spiritual health is an important dimension of health and forms part of a comprehensive care. This study was conducted to redefine and clarify the components of spiritual health based on different worldviews through Walker and Avant's concept analysis method. Being given a life and a soul and having beliefs are the antecedents of spiritual health. The attributes of this concept include a morality-oriented intellectual connectedness with the self, others, and the universe guided by a connection with the Transcendent and Superior being in order to create meaning in life and find its purpose in the context of culture and religion; transcendence is ultimately the consequence of spiritual heath...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133319/identification-of-factors-associated-with-resilience-in-medical-students-through-a-cross-sectional-census
#2
Anna Christina Pinho de Oliveira, André Paes Goulart Machado, Renata Nunes Aranha
OBJECTIVES: Research on resilience has been gaining momentum, and it has already been shown that increased resilience creates positive changes at the individual and collective levels. Understanding of the factors associated with resilience may guide specific actions directed towards different populations. The objective of this study was to investigate these associated factors within a population of medical students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional census. SETTING: A public medical school in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127584/-if-you-choose-to-abort-you-have-acted-as-an-instrument-of-satan-zimbabwean-health-service-providers-negative-constructions-of-women-presenting-for-post-abortion-care
#3
Malvern Chiweshe, Catriona Macleod
PURPOSE: Health service providers play a crucial role in providing post abortion care in countries where abortion legislation is restrictive and abortion is stigmatised. Research in countries where these factors apply has shown that health service providers can be barriers to women accessing post abortion services. Much of this research draws from attitude theory. In this paper, we utilise positioning theory to show how the ways in which Zimbabwean health service providers' position women and themselves are rooted in cultural and social power relations...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124502/facilitators-and-barriers-for-advance-care-planning-among-ethnic-and-racial-minorities-in-the-u-s-a-systematic-review-of-the-current-literature
#4
Michin Hong, Eun-Hye Yi, Kimberly J Johnson, Margaret E Adamek
Growing evidence suggests a low engagement in advance care planning (ACP) among ethnic minorities in the U.S. The purpose of this study was to synthesize findings from prior research about ACP among ethnic minorities. An extensive literature search was conducted using multiple electronic databases. After applying inclusion criteria, 26 studies were included. Four categories of facilitators and barriers to ACP were identified: (1) Socio-demographic factors, (2) health status, literacy and experiences, (3) cultural values, and (4) spirituality...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122246/nurses-knowledge-clinical-practice-and-attitude-towards-unconventional-medicine-implications-for-intercultural-healthcare
#5
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Kabila Abass, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Burnett Tetteh Accam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this hospital-based, cross-sectional study was to examine nurses' knowledge, personal and professional practices and attitude towards complementary and alternative medical therapies in urban Ghana. METHOD: Using convenience sampling technique, cross-sectional data were collected from 210 registered and practicing nurses with self-administered questionnaire based on the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ)...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119547/interventions-to-improve-access-to-cataract-surgical-services-and-their-impact-on-equity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
REVIEW
Jacqueline Ramke, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Ilse Blignault, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Robin Christensen, Anthony B Zwi, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and the prevalence is inequitably distributed between and within countries. Interventions have been undertaken to improve cataract surgical services, however, the effectiveness of these interventions on promoting equity is not known. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on equity of interventions to improve access to cataract services for populations with cataract blindness (and visual impairment) in LMICs...
November 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118151/vietnamese-oral-health-beliefs-and-practices-impact-on-the-utilization-of-western-preventive-oral-health-care
#7
Kim Yen T Nguyen, Dianne L Smallidge, Linda D Boyd, Lori Rainchuso
Purpose: Infrequent use of the Western health care by the Vietnamese may be explained by deeply-rooted traditional oral health beliefs and practices unique to the Asian culture. This study investigated Vietnamese oral health beliefs and practices and their relationship to the utilization of Western preventive oral health care services among Vietnamese-Americans.Methods: An exploratory, cross-sectional survey design with a convenience sample of 140 par-ticipants (n = 140) was used for this study. Participants were recruited on site of a Vietnamese-owned business, with questionnaires consisting of 28 questions that were distributed in hard copy by the principal investigator (PI) on multiple occasions and at various times of the day...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117244/re-establishing-safer-medical-circumcision-integrated-initiation-ceremonies-for-hiv-prevention-in-a-rural-setting-in-papua-new-guinea-a-multi-method-acceptability-study
#8
Clement Morris Manineng, David MacLaren, Maggie Baigry, Emil Trowalle, Reinhold Muller, Andrew Vallely, Patrick Gesch, Francis Hombhanje, William John McBride
BACKGROUND: Efforts to stem the spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are hampered by multiple interrelated factors including limited health services, extreme diversities in culture and language and highly prevalent gender inequity, domestic violence and poverty. In the rural district of Yangoru-Saussia, a revival of previously ceased male initiation ceremonies (MICs) is being considered for a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention. In this study, we explore the local acceptability of this undertaking including replacing traditional penile cutting practices with medical male circumcision (MMC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112908/reproductive-decision-making-in-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Juan M Leyva-Moral, Patrick A Palmieri, María Feijoo-Cid, Sandra K Cesario, Nataly Julissa Membrillo-Pillpe, Patricia N Piscoya-Angeles, Marilyn Goff, Ana Toledo-Chavarri, Joan E Edwards
OBJECTIVES: Analyze and synthesize the research evidence to understand the reproductive decisions made by women living with HIV from the beginning of the epidemic to the present. Evaluate the barriers and the facilitators for reproductive decision-making. Identify areas of strength, improvement, and those requiring further research. DESIGN AND DATA SOURCES: Systematic review following the PRISMA guideline. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, SocINDEX, Embase, and Scopus databases were searched from 1985 to 2016 using the following Keywords: HIV, AIDS, pregnancy, reproduction, and decision-making...
October 25, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103388/women-s-education-and-utilization-of-maternal-health-services-in-africa-a-multi-country-and-socioeconomic-status-analysis
#10
Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Joshua Amo-Adjei, Dickson Amugsi, Joyce Mumah, Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Donatien Beguy
There is an abundant literature on the relationship between women's education and maternal and child outcomes, including antenatal and postnatal care, onset of antenatal care and skilled birth attendance. However, few studies have adopted the 'equity' lens, despite increasing evidence that inequities between rich and poor are increasing although maternal and child mortality is declining. This study examined the differential effects of women's education within different socioeconomic strata in Africa. The most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria and Zimbabwe were used...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102987/perceived-barriers-to-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-attending-primary-healthcare-in-oman-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Thamra Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya Mohd Al Farsi, Elaine Bannerman, Angela Mary Craigie, Annie S Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is fundamental in diabetes management for good metabolic control. This study aimed to identify barriers to performing leisure time physical activity and explore differences based on gender, age, marital status, employment, education, income and perceived stages of change in physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes in Oman. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using an Arabic version of the 'Barriers to Being Active' 27-item questionnaire...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100538/prevalence-and-predictors-of-help-seeking-for-women-exposed-to-spousal-violence-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Malin Leonardsson, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Spousal violence against women is prevalent in India (29%). Studies from various countries have shown that few women exposed to intimate partner violence or spousal violence seek help, especially in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of help-seeking among women in India who have experienced various types of spousal violence. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 19,125 married, separated, divorced or widowed women in India who had experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of their husbands were obtained from the India National Family Health Survey III 2005-2006...
November 3, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099706/impact-of-orthodox-christian-faith-and-spirituality-on-society-s-mental-health-based-on-the-population-survey-of-tbilisi-georgia
#13
K Giorgadze, R Shengelia, N Durglishvili
Research of mental health related factors has become increasingly important on a global scale. The study is intended to uncover the relationship between a depression and a religion (Orthodox Christianity) - case of Tbilisi population. The research objectives are screening and measurement of a depression using Beck Depression Inventory; describing general statistics with correlation to demographics; revealing factors carrying significant connections with depression, distinguishing their role and place in the forming process of depression general indicator; researching religiosity as one of the hypothetical factors; analyzing the results of relationships between depression and religiousness...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093938/forensic-psychiatric-service-provision-in-pakistan-and-its-challenges
#14
Tariq Hassan, Asad Tamizuddin Nizami, M Selim Asmer
In the Islamic Republic of Pakistan the law relating to people who are mentally ill, until 2001, was set out by the Lunacy Act of 1912, which was inherited from the British colonial occupiers. In 2001 the Mental Health Ordinance 2001 took its place but only for this federal law to be superseded in April 2010 with the 18th constitutional amendment. As part of that amendment, provinces have become responsible for (psychiatric) healthcare, including mental health legislation. Forensic psychiatry is practised in Pakistan but is very much in its infancy; it needs to develop and learn from more experienced countries in Europe and North America...
May 2017: BJPsych Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073828/covariates-of-high-risk-sexual-behaviour-of-men-aged-50-years-and-above-in-sub-saharan-africa
#15
Clifford O Odimegwu, Nyasha Mutanda
Since the advent of HIV/AIDS, sexuality studies in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have focused mainly on the sexual behaviour of the younger generation (15-49 years) and little has been done to understand the sexual behaviour of those a 50 years and above. The objective of this study is therefore to examine the covariates of high-risk sexual behaviour among men aged 50 years plus within the SSA region. Data from Demographic and Health Surveys of 10 SSA countries were pooled together and a sample of 5394 men aged 50 years plus who have ever had sex was analysed...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072229/predictors-of-male-condom-utilization-in-plateau-state-nigeria
#16
M P Chingle, P A Odunze, A Mohammed, T T Bitto, O Y Sodipo, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Nigerian men play major roles in the reproductive decision-making process, including issues concerning fertility. Despite efforts made by the government to reduce the incidence of HIV by using condom as a means of dual protection, the utilization of male condom is still relatively low in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the condom utilization and predictors of condom use among male respondents in Plateau State. METHODOLOGY: An analysis of secondary data of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey dataset was done...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064763/a-quantitative-examination-of-identity-integration-in-gay-lesbian-and-bisexual-people-of-faith
#17
Eric M Rodriguez, Chana Etengoff, Michelle D Vaughan
Much of the religious/spiritual development of gays, lesbians and bisexuals (GLBs) has focused on experiences of conflict and distress, providing little insight into how these identities can be integrated. The present study explored the religious and spiritual lives of GLBs with a specific focus on the integration of these identities. We conducted a retrospective secondary data analysis of 750 GLB individuals from the Northern California Health Study to quantitatively assess sexual orientation and religion/spirituality integration using hierarchical cluster analysis...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064071/tuskegee-as-sacred-rhetoric-focal-point-for-the-emergent-field-of-african-american-religion-and-health
#18
Terri Laws
Scholars in African American religion engage the Tuskegee Syphilis Study as the focal point of the African American experience in institutional medicine. Seeking a way forward from this history and its intentional evil, the author proposes to position Tuskegee as a form of Lynch's culturally contextual sacred rhetoric to make use of its metaphoric value in the emerging field of African American religion and health. In this broader meaning-making frame, Tuskegee serves as a reminder that African American religious sensibility has long been an agential resource that counters abuse of the Black body...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062334/does-female-education-explain-the-disparity-in-the-use-of-antenatal-and-natal-services-in-nigeria-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-survey-data
#19
Abubakar Sadiq Umar
BACKGROUND: Nigeria is among the countries with a high number of annual maternal deaths partly due to low utilization of maternal health services (MHS). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore whether there is an association between women's level of education and the appropriate use of antenatal and delivery services. METHOD: A quantitative cross-sectional study was used to analyze the Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) data. Information from 33,385 women aged 15 - 49 years was analyzed using Bivariate Pearson Chi square test and multiple logistic regressions...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055781/induced-abortion-among-women-veterans-data-from-the-ecuun-study
#20
Eleanor Bimla Schwarz, Florentina E Sileanu, Xinhua Zhao, Maria K Mor, Lisa S Callegari, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: We compared rates of induced abortion among women Veterans receiving VA healthcare to rates in the general US population, as current policy prohibits VA provision of abortion counseling or services, even when pregnancy endangers a Veteran's life. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2, 298 women Veterans younger than 45years, who completed a telephone-based, cross-sectional survey of randomly-sampled English-speaking women from across the US who had received VA healthcare...
October 5, 2017: Contraception
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