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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343285/the-prevalence-and-antecedents-of-religious-beliefs-about-health-control-in-the-us-population-variations-by-race-and-religious-background
#1
R David Hayward, Neal Krause, Kenneth Pargament
The ways in which religious beliefs influence beliefs about health have important implications for motivation to engage in positive health behaviors and comply with medical treatment. This study examines the prevalence of two health-related religious beliefs: belief in healing miracles and deferral of responsibility for health outcomes to God. Data came from a representative nationwide US survey of religion and health (N = 3010). Full-factorial ANOVA indicated that there were significant differences in both dimensions of belief by race, by religious background, and by the interaction between the two...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340231/prevalence-and-determinants-of-premature-menopause-among-indian-women-issues-and-challenges-ahead
#2
Suresh Banayya Jungari, Bal Govind Chauhan
Premature menopause refers to the occurrence of menopause in women less than 40 years of age. This heterogeneous disorder affects 1 percent and 0.1 percent of women less than 40 and 30 years of age, respectively. The study reported in this article attempts to understand the prevalence and determinants of premature menopause among Indian women by studying the effects of various socioeconomic indicators, such as age, education, wealth index, rural-urban settlement, work status, religion, and caste, on women. The study analyzed the National Family Health Survey-3, which is equivalent to the Demographic Health Survey in India...
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339916/antenatal-tobacco-use-and-secondhand-smoke-exposure-in-the-home-in-india
#3
Ritesh Mistry, Anjuli Dasika
Introduction: Antenatal tobacco use and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure can have grave health consequences. We estimated the prevalence of tobacco use and SHS exposure in the home among pregnant and reproductive age women in India, and identified sociodemographic risk factors. Methods: Data were from the National Family Health Survey-3 (2005-2006), a population-based cross-sectional survey. We measured current tobacco use and SHS exposure in the home, and used logistic regression analysis to identify sociodemographic risk factors...
March 2, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339003/influence-of-leisure-competence-and-level-of-leisure-activity-on-life-satisfaction-in-low-income-older-adults-in-rural-south-korea
#4
Jihea Choi, Jung A Choi
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationships among leisure competence, level of leisure activity, and life satisfaction in low-income older adults in rural South Korea. A sample of 137 older adults answered the study questionnaire, and significant differences in leisure competence were noted depending on age, religion, and perceived health status as well as level of leisure activity based on perceived health status and type of leisure activities. There were also notable differences in life satisfaction regarding religion and perceived health status, and a correlation among leisure competence, level of leisure activity, and life satisfaction; the influencing power of leisure competence and level of leisure activity on life satisfaction was 47%...
March 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338863/attendance-at-religious-services-prayer-religious-coping-and-religious-spiritual-identity-as-predictors-of-all-cause-mortality-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#5
Tyler J VanderWeele, Jeffrey Yu, Yvette C Cozier, Lauren Wise, M Austin Argentieri, Lynn Rosenberg, Julie R Palmer, Alexandra E Shields
Previous longitudinal studies have consistently shown an association between attendance at religious services and lower all-cause mortality, but the literature on associations between other measures of religion and spirituality (R/S) and mortality is limited. We followed 36,613 respondents from the Black Women's Health Study from 2005 through December 31, 2013 to assess the associations between R/S and incident all-cause mortality using proportional hazards models. After control for numerous demographic and health covariates, together with other R/S variables, attending religious services several times per week was associated with a substantially lower mortality rate ratio (mortality rate ratio = 0...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337094/prevalence-and-correlates-of-job-stress-among-junior-doctors-in-the-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#6
J O Adeolu, O B Yussuf, O A Popoola
BACKGROUND: Doctors respond differently to their complex work environment, some find it stimulating while others find it stressful. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of stress among junior doctors in a teaching hospital in Southwest Nigeria. METHOD: A descriptive cross sectional survey of all junior doctors employed at the University College Hospital, Ibadan was carried out. Information was collected with a structured pretested questionnaire from 253 doctors...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332066/cultural-variables-underlying-obesity-in-latino-men-design-rationale-and-participant-characteristics-from-the-latino-men-s-health-initiative
#7
Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen, Meredith Craven, Magdalena Nava, Angelica Alonso, Amanda Dykema-Engblade, Alfred Rademaker, Hui Xie
Overweight and obesity are associated with significant health problems and rates of obesity are high among Latino men. This paper describes the design, rationale and participant characteristics of the key demographic variables assessed in an NIH-funded study (R21-CA143636) addressing culture and several obesity-related variables (diet, physical activity, and body image) among Mexican and Puerto Rican men using a community-based participatory research framework. Participants completed objective measures (height, weight, body fat, hip, waist), a health and culture interview, a diet questionnaire, and used an accelerometer to measure their level of physical activity...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327563/health-benefits-and-consequences-of-the-eastern-orthodox-fasting-in-monks-of-mount-athos-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
S N Karras, A Persynaki, A Petróczi, E Barkans, H Mulrooney, M Kypraiou, T Tzotzas, K Tziomalos, K Kotsa, A A Tsioudas, C Pichard, D P Naughton
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Greek Orthodox fasting (OF), which involves 180-200 days of fasting per year, is dictated by the Christian Orthodox religion. For the first time, this cross-sectional study examines the characteristics and the effects of OF on anthropometry, cardiometabolic markers and calcium homeostasis in Athonian monks (AMs). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Daily intakes of energy, macro- and micronutrients of a day during a weekend of Nativity Fast, defined as non-restrictive day (NRD), and a weekday during Great Lent, labeled as restrictive day (RD) were recorded...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325245/south-east-asia-differing-socioeconomic-factors-differing-access-to-radiotherapy-the-philippines-a-microcosm
#9
REVIEW
Miriam Joy C Calaguas, Johannes A Gubat
The accessibility of radiotherapy in Southeast Asia, a region characterized by diversity in both economy and culture, differ widely among its member countries. In most countries, access is not universal and is generally limited by radiotherapy resources and the health-seeking behavior of patients. This in turn relates to the current health policy in place, the practice of radiation oncology, and cultural factors such as religion and family dynamics. Although it is clear that radiotherapy access parallel economic development, it is also affected by different social factors that work to facilitate or impede its improvement...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319319/association-between-religious-practice-and-risk-of-depression-in-older-people-in-the-subacute-setting
#10
Alice Lac, Nicole Austin, Renata Lemke, Suma Poojary, Peter Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between religious practice and risk of depression in older people admitted to a subacute hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 100 patients aged ≥65 years with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores ≥24 consecutively admitted to a subacute hospital. Religious practice was measured using the Duke University Religion Index and risk of depression using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
March 20, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315988/importance-of-religion-or-spirituality-and-mental-health-in-canada
#11
Maryam Dilmaghani
Using the latest mental health cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey (N = 20,868), this paper examines how the importance of religion or spirituality in one's life associates with mental health. Based on this question, the population is divided into three groups of high religiosity, average religiosity, and secularized. Secularized individuals are shown to have large deficits in all the psychological markers suggested to mediate the relationship between religiosity and mental health, compared to the two other groups...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302105/wife-beating-refusal-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-and-rural-ethiopia
#12
Eshetu Gurmu, Senait Endale
BACKGROUND: Wife beating is the most common and widespread form of intimate partner violence in Ethiopia. It results in countless severe health, socio-economic and psychological problems and has contributed to the violation of human rights including the liberty of women to enjoy conjugal life. The main purpose of this study is to assess the levels and patterns of wife beating refusal and its associated socio-cultural and demographic factors in rural and urban Ethiopia. METHODS: The 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data based on 11,097 and 5287 women in the reproductive age group (i...
March 16, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301703/best-evidence-aside-why-trump-s-executive-order-makes-america-less-healthy
#13
Lawrence O Gostin
What are the health impacts of President Trump's January 27, 2017, executive order suspending the resettlement of refugees and temporarily banning entry of nationals from Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen? Even if the President's constitutional arguments are credible, the order is deeply troubling under international law and humanitarian values. Under the 1967 Refugee Protocol, the United States has assumed a legal obligation to examine the claims of asylum seekers who reach U.S. territory without discrimination based on race, nationality, or religion...
March 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296718/qualitative-methods-in-the-development-of-a-bilingual-and-bicultural-quality-of-life-outcomes-measure-for-pediatric-patients-with-craniofacial-conditions
#14
Viridiana Juarez Tapia, Julia Helene Drizin, Cecilia Dalle Ore, Marcelo Nieto, Yajahira Romero, Sandra Magallon, Rohith Nayak, Alicia Sigler, Vanessa Malcarne, Amanda Gosman
INTRODUCTION: Craniofacial surgeons treat patients with diverse craniofacial conditions (CFCs). Yet, little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impact of diverse CFCs. Currently, there are no suitable instruments that measure the HRQoL of patients with diverse CFCs from the perspective of children and parents. The objective of this study was to develop the items and support the content validity of a comprehensive patient and parent-reported outcomes measure. METHODS: An iterative process consisting of a systematic literature review, expert opinion and in-depth interviews with patients and parents of patients with diverse CFCs was used...
March 14, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296626/multiple-levels-of-social-influence-on-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-decision-making-and-behaviors-in-ghana
#15
Sneha Challa, Abubakar Manu, Emmanuel Morhe, Vanessa K Dalton, Dana Loll, Jessica Dozier, Melissa K Zochowski, Andrew Boakye, Richard Adanu, Kelli Stidham Hall
Little is known about the multi-level social determinants of adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) that shape the use of family planning (FP) among young women in Africa. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 63 women aged 15-24 years in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. We used purposive, stratified sampling to recruit women from community-based sites. Interviews were conducted in English or local languages, recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Grounded theory-guided thematic analysis identified salient themes...
March 15, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287844/intersectional-epistemologies-of-ignorance-how-behavioral-and-social-science-research-shapes-what-we-know-think-we-know-and-don-t-know-about-u-s-black-men-s-sexualities
#16
Lisa Bowleg, Ana María Del Río-González, Sidney L Holt, Carolin Pérez, Jenné S Massie, Jessica E Mandell, Cheriko A Boone
Epistemologies of ignorance describe how ignorance influences the production of knowledge. Advancing an intersectional epistemologies of ignorance approach that examines how conscious (or unconscious) ignorance about racism, heterosexism, and classism shapes empirical knowledge about Black men's sexualities, we conducted a critical review of the behavioral and social science research on U.S. Black men, ages 18 and older, for two time frames: pre-1981 and the most recent decade, 2006-2016. Our search yielded 668 articles, which we classified into five categories: sexual violence, sexual experiences and expressions, sexual identities, cultural and social-structural influences, and sexual health and sexual risk...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283142/determinants-of-weaning-practices-among-mothers-of-infants-aged-below-12-months-in-masvingo-zimbabwe
#17
Laston Gonah, Julia Mutambara
BACKGROUND: Poor weaning practices have been reported to contribute to high infant mortality and morbidity rates especially in developing countries. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine factors related to weaning that predispose, reinforce and enable mothers of infants younger than age 12 months to comply or not to comply with the World Health Organization (WHO) 2009 guidelines on appropriate infant feeding. METHODS: The present study was a descriptive cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282727/a-latent-class-analysis-of-social-activities-and-health-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-korea
#18
Mi Jin Park, Nan Sook Park, David A Chiriboga
OBJECTIVES: This study presents an empirical typology of social activity and its association with the depressive symptoms and self-rated health of community-dwelling older adults (n = 464) in South Korea. METHOD: Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to classify the types of social activities. Data analyses were conducted using Mplus 7.2 program for LCA and SPSS 22.0 for multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: LCA identified people who fell into one of the four activity groups: Diverse, Community Center/Disengaged, Religion Plus, and Friendship/Leisure...
February 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279905/does-equality-legislation-reduce-intergroup-differences-religious-affiliation-socio-economic-status-and-mortality-in-scotland-and-northern-ireland-a-cohort-study-of-400-000-people
#19
David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Gillian Raab, Chris Dibben, Paul Boyle, Dermot O'Reilly
Religion frequently indicates membership of socio-ethnic groups with distinct health behaviours and mortality risk. Determining the extent to which interactions between groups contribute to variation in mortality is often challenging. We compared socio-economic status (SES) and mortality rates of Protestants and Catholics in Scotland and Northern Ireland, regions in which interactions between groups are profoundly different. Crucially, strong equality legislation has been in place for much longer and Catholics form a larger minority in Northern Ireland...
March 6, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278564/multilevel-influences-on-acceptance-of-medical-male-circumcision-in-rakai-district-uganda
#20
Pamela S Lilleston, Arik V Marcell, Neema Nakyanjo, Lori Leonard, Maria J Wawer
Despite access to safe medical male circumcision (MMC) and proven effectiveness of the procedure in reducing acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, uptake remains suboptimal in many settings in sub-Saharan Africa, including Rakai District, Uganda. This study explored multilevel barriers and facilitators to MMC in focus group discussions (FGDs) (n = 35 groups) in Rakai. Focus groups were conducted from May through July 2012 with adolescent and adult males, with a range of HIV risk and reproductive health service use profiles, and with adolescent and adult females...
March 1, 2017: AIDS Care
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