keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

health intervention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934816/vigorous-physical-activity-is-associated-with-regular-aerobic-exercise-induced-increased-serum-testosterone-levels-in-overweight-obese-men
#1
Hiroshi Kumagai, Toru Yoshikawa, Asako Zempo-Miyaki, Kanae Myoenzono, Takehiko Tsujimoto, Kiyoji Tanaka, Seiji Maeda
Testosterone is a male sex hormone and low circulating testosterone levels are associated with various health disorders in men. Obesity results in reduced circulating testosterone levels in men. Previously, we demonstrated that lifestyle modifications (combination of aerobic exercise and dietary modification) increase circulating testosterone levels in overweight/obese men. However, the effect of regular aerobic exercise on serum testosterone levels remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a 12-week aerobic exercise intervention on circulating testosterone levels in normal-weight and overweight/obese men...
September 21, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934755/public-perceptions-expectations-and-views-of-community-pharmacy-practice-in-kuwait
#2
Abdelmoneim Awad, Altaf Al-Rasheedi, Jacinthe Lemay
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine public patterns for use of community pharmacy, perceptions of pharmacists, confidence and trust in pharmacists, expectations about the pharmacist roles, and to explore public views and satisfaction with the current pharmacy services. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was performed using a pretested self-administered questionnaire on a sample of 481 individuals selected using a two-stage stratified cluster sampling design...
September 20, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934721/association-of-long-term-exposure-to-transportation-noise-and-traffic-related-air-pollution-with-the-incidence-of-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Charlotte Clark, Hind Sbihi, Lillian Tamburic, Michael Brauer, Lawrence D Frank, Hugh W Davies
BACKGROUND: Evidence for an association between transportation noise and cardiovascular disease has increased; however, few studies have examined metabolic outcomes such as diabetes or accounted for environmental coexposures such as air pollution, greenness, or walkability. OBJECTIVES: Because diabetes prevalence is increasing and may be on the causal pathway between noise and cardiovascular disease, we examined the influence of long-term residential transportation noise exposure and traffic-related air pollution on the incidence of diabetes using a population-based cohort in British Columbia, Canada...
August 31, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934556/the-effect-of-t-ai-chi-exercise-on-lipid-profiles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#4
Aqeel M Alenazi, Mohammed M Alshehri, Jeffrey C Hoover, Mohammad A Yabroudi, Shaji John Kachanathu, Wen Liu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a common health problem resulting from many factors, including dyslipidemia. T'ai chi is one of the interventions assigned to improve lipid profiles and other physical outcomes. However, conflicting results might be attributed to different study designs and interventional approaches. A systematic review and meta-analysis are needed to evaluate existing evidence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate existing randomized clinical trials (RCTs) regarding the overall effect of t'ai chi exercise on lipid profiles...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934403/improving-inpatient-medication-adherence-using-attendant-education-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-uganda
#5
Patricia Alupo, Richard Ssekitoleko, Tracy Rabin, Robert Kalyesubula, Ivan Kimuli, Benjamin E Bodnar
Quality problem: Although widely utilized in resource-rich health care systems, the use of quality improvement (QI) techniques is less common in resource-limited environments. Uganda is a resource-limited country in Sub-Saharan Africa that faces many challenges with health care delivery. These challenges include understaffing, inconsistent drug availability and inefficient systems that limit the provision of clinical care. Initial assessment: Poor adherence to prescribed inpatient medications was identified as a key shortcoming of clinical care on the internal medicine wards of Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934370/the-risk-of-sustained-sexual-transmission-of-zika-is-underestimated
#6
Antoine Allard, Benjamin M Althouse, Laurent Hébert-Dufresne, Samuel V Scarpino
Pathogens often follow more than one transmission route during outbreaks-from needle sharing plus sexual transmission of HIV to small droplet aerosol plus fomite transmission of influenza. Thus, controlling an infectious disease outbreak often requires characterizing the risk associated with multiple mechanisms of transmission. For example, during the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, weighing the relative importance of funeral versus health care worker transmission was essential to stopping disease spread...
September 21, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934285/cost-of-illness-of-cholera-to-households-and-health-facilities-in-rural-malawi
#7
Patrick G Ilboudo, Xiao Xian Huang, Bagrey Ngwira, Abel Mwanyungwe, Vittal Mogasale, Martin A Mengel, Philippe Cavailler, Bradford D Gessner, Jean-Bernard Le Gargasson
Cholera remains an important public health problem in many low- and middle-income countries. Vaccination has been recommended as a possible intervention for the prevention and control of cholera. Evidence, especially data on disease burden, cost-of-illness, delivery costs and cost-effectiveness to support a wider use of vaccine is still weak. This study aims at estimating the cost-of-illness of cholera to households and health facilities in Machinga and Zomba Districts, Malawi. A cross-sectional study using retrospectively collected cost data was undertaken in this investigation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934262/effects-of-eimeria-tenella-infection-on-chicken-caecal-microbiome-diversity-exploring-variation-associated-with-severity-of-pathology
#8
Sarah E Macdonald, Matthew J Nolan, Kimberley Harman, Kay Boulton, David A Hume, Fiona M Tomley, Richard A Stabler, Damer P Blake
Eimeria species cause the intestinal disease coccidiosis, most notably in poultry. While the direct impact of coccidiosis on animal health and welfare is clear, its influence on the enteric microbiota and by-stander effects on chicken health and production remains largely unknown, with the possible exception of Clostridium perfringens (necrotic enteritis). This study evaluated the composition and structure of the caecal microbiome in the presence or absence of a defined Eimeria tenella challenge infection in Cobb500 broiler chickens using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934235/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-lns-for-treatment-of-children-6-months-to-59-months-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition-mam-a-systematic-review
#9
Tarun Gera, Juan Pablo Pena-Rosas, Evelyn Boy-Mena, Harshpal S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: Moderate acute malnutrition is a major public health problem affecting children from low- and middle-income countries. Lipid nutrient supplements have been proposed as a nutritional intervention for its treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of LNS for the treatment of MAM in infants and children 6 to 59 months of age. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized-controlled trials and controlled before-after studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933994/decision-making-for-people-living-with-dementia-by-their-carers-at-the-end-of-life-a-rapid-scoping-review
#10
Sue Barker, Mary Lynch, Jane Hopkinson
BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of people living with dementia, as well as an expectation that care decisions are made collaboratively with those with the disease entering the end stage and their families. This has increased the burden on family carers. AIM: To explore the evidence on the decisional support needs of informal carers of people with end-stage dementia. DESIGN: A rapid scoping review was undertaken of peer-reviewed publications between 2000 and 2016, which included all health-care settings and the person's own home...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933975/foot-problems-in-older-women
#11
F Guidozzi
Between 20 and 45% of women aged over 65 years of age will develop one or more foot problems, which, although not specific to older women, are more common in that age group than in younger women. These include structural defects of the toes including hallux valgus, hammer, mallet or claw toes, skin disorders, fungal infection of the toes and toe nails, thickened toe nails, ulcers, fissures or cracks between the toes, corns and calluses, flat or high-arched feet. Foot pain is common and may be associated with other co-morbid diseases of the foot...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933962/tool-to-assess-causality-of-direct-and-indirect-adverse-events-associated-with-therapeutic-interventions
#12
Liliane Zorzela, Silvano Mior, Heather Boon, Anita Gross, Jeromy Yager, Rose Carter, Sunita Vohra
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a tool to assess causality of direct and indirect adverse events associated with therapeutic interventions. The intervention was one or more drugs and/or natural health products, a device, or practice (professional delivering the intervention). METHODS: Through the assessment of causality of adverse events, we can learn about factors contributing to the harm and consider what modification may prevent its reoccurrence. Existing scales (WHO-UMC, Naranjo and Horn) were adapted to develop a tool (algorithm and table) to evaluate cases of serious harmful events reported through a national surveillance study...
September 21, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933934/emergency-medical-service-personnel-s-risk-from-violence-while-serving-the-community
#13
Brian J Maguire, Barbara J O'Neill
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risks of violence-related injury among emergency medical services (EMS) personnel in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed 1630 violence-related occupational injury cases reported to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics for the years 2012 to 2015 and conducted secondary searches within the Bureau of Labor Statistics Web site. RESULTS: The number of cases per year varied between 250 and 560. Perpetrators included patients (77%) and coworkers (8%)...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933925/geotagged-us-tweets-as-predictors-of-county-level-health-outcomes-2015-2016
#14
Quynh C Nguyen, Matt McCullough, Hsien-Wen Meng, Debjyoti Paul, Dapeng Li, Suraj Kath, Geoffrey Loomis, Elaine O Nsoesie, Ming Wen, Ken R Smith, Feifei Li
OBJECTIVES: To leverage geotagged Twitter data to create national indicators of the social environment, with small-area indicators of prevalent sentiment and social modeling of health behaviors, and to test associations with county-level health outcomes, while controlling for demographic characteristics. METHODS: We used Twitter's streaming application programming interface to continuously collect a random 1% subset of publicly available geo-located tweets in the contiguous United States...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933888/identifying-stable-variants-of-callous-unemotional-traits-a-longitudinal-study-of-at-risk-girls
#15
Natalie Goulter, Eva R Kimonis, Samuel W Hawes, Stephanie Stepp, Alison E Hipwell
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have proven important for designating children and adolescents showing a pattern of particularly severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors (Frick, Ray, Thornton, & Kahn, 2014). Individuals with secondary CU traits represent a subpopulation that are distinguished from those with primary CU traits by their high anxiety levels and marked histories of social/environmental adversity; however, evidence is largely based on cross-sectional male samples and this study is the first to examine stable trajectories of CU variants among an all-girl population...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933577/development-of-a-phenomenologically-derived-method-to-assess-affective-learning-in-student-journals-following-impactive-educational-experiences
#16
Gary D Rogers, Amary Mey, Pit Cheng Chan
BACKGROUND: Assessment of affective learning (AL) is difficult but important, particularly for health professional students, where it is intimately linked to the development of professional values. This study originally aimed to determine whether an emotionally impactive, extended, multimethod, interprofessional simulation experience enhanced the AL of senior medical students, compared to conventional seminars and workshops alone. This necessitated the development of a method to assess for the presence and quality of AL...
September 21, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933576/impact-of-a-mental-health-nursing-training-programme-on-the-perceived-recovery-orientation-of-patients-and-nurses-on-acute-psychiatric-wards-results-of-a-pilot-study
#17
Gianfranco Zuaboni, Sabine Hahn, Peter Wolfensberger, Thomas Schwarze, Dirk Richter
In mental health nursing, recovery-orientation is regarded as a best practice approach for patient care. To assess the effect of an intervention utilising a recovery-oriented approach in acute practice, a controlled pilot trial was conducted. On intervention wards, mental health nurses received special training. Recovery Self-Assessment Scale was used to assess the effects of the training. No statistically significant effects were found, between the experimental conditions. Reasons for this result may be methodological, practical or due an intervention that was not powerful enough...
September 21, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933572/what-areas-of-functioning-are-influenced-by-aquatic-physiotherapy-experiences-of-parents-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Javier Güeita-Rodríguez, Francisco García-Muro, Ángel L Rodríguez-Fernández, Johan Lambeck, Cesar Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences regarding aquatic physiotherapy among parents of children with cerebral palsy and to identify a list of relevant intervention categories for aquatic physiotherapy treatments. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews and focus groups using the components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a frame of reference to explore and code experiences regarding aquatic physiotherapy...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933516/anti-il5-therapies-for-asthma
#19
REVIEW
Hugo A Farne, Amanda Wilson, Colin Powell, Lynne Bax, Stephen J Milan
BACKGROUND: This review is the first update of a previously published review in The Cochrane Library (Issue 7, 2015). Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is the main cytokine involved in the activation of eosinophils, which cause airway inflammation and are a classic feature of asthma. Monoclonal antibodies targeting IL-5 or its receptor (IL-5R) have been developed, with recent studies suggesting that they reduce asthma exacerbations, improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and lung function...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933344/first-outbreak-of-zika-virus-in-the-continental-united-states-a-modelling-analysis
#20
Giovanni Marini, Giorgio Guzzetta, Roberto Rosà, Stefano Merler
Since 2015, Zika virus (ZIKV) has spread throughout Latin and Central America. This emerging infectious disease has been causing considerable public health concern because of severe neurological complications, especially in newborns after congenital infections. In July 2016, the first outbreak in the continental United States was identified in the Wynwood neighbourhood of Miami-Dade County, Florida. In this work, we investigated transmission dynamics using a mathematical model calibrated to observed data on mosquito abundance and symptomatic human infections...
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
keyword
keyword
101218
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"