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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986205/-conception-and-implementation-of-a-novel-e-learning-module-with-ebm-learning-contents-in-operative-dentistry
#1
Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Stefanie Dreher, Stefan Rüttermann, Tobias Weberschock
PURPOSE: Computer-assisted learning (CAL) programs are becoming more widely used in medical and dental training. However, the combination of CAL programs and evidence-based education in dentistry has not been described previously. The aim was to determine the acceptance and user-friendliness of a CAL program combined with evidence-based training. METHODS: The didactic concept of the module includes the case-oriented, problem-based embedding of a total of 32 EbM learning assignments, which can be completed interactively and self-determinedly in an interdisciplinary context using focus patients with different diseases...
October 3, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980029/-current-cases-of-falsified-medicinal-products-within-the-competence-of-the-federal-institute-for-drugs-and-medical-devices-bfarm-case-studies-and-extent
#2
REVIEW
Marcus Wittstock, Norbert Paeschke
The nature of a falsification of a medicinal product can vary a lot. Therefore the means to detect them and the potential risk to patient safety can also be very different. The whole range of falsification will be described using observed cases from the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM).Based on the relatively low number of detected cases of falsified medicines, the legal supply chain can still be regarded as safe. It has to be assumed that in the illegal supply chain, e. g. illegal internet trade, the majority of the offered medicinal products are not only falsifications due to illegal trade but because they are completely falsified...
October 4, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977427/chiral-resolution-and-enantioselectivity-of-synthetic-cathinones-a-brief-review
#3
Bárbara Silva, Carla Fernandes, Paula Guedes de Pinho, Fernando Remião
Chiral discrimination has become one of the most important fields in analytical and medicinal chemistry, and forensic toxicology. The enantiomers may have different binding to proteins that may lead to many pharmacological and toxicological differences between them, including kinetic (at the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion level) or dynamic (level of potency and efficacy or even differences in mechanism of action) variations. Cathinone derivatives are chiral compounds, sold via the internet for recreational use, and little is known about their enantiomeric selectivity...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966692/wearable-technology-role-in-respiratory-health-and-disease
#4
REVIEW
Andrea Aliverti
In the future, diagnostic devices will be able to monitor a patient's physiological or biochemical parameters continuously, under natural physiological conditions and in any environment through wearable biomedical sensors. Together with apps that capture and interpret data, and integrated enterprise and cloud data repositories, the networks of wearable devices and body area networks will constitute the healthcare's Internet of Things. In this review, four main areas of interest for respiratory healthcare are described: pulse oximetry, pulmonary ventilation, activity tracking and air quality assessment...
June 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965348/adulteration-of-proprietary-chinese-medicines-and-health-products-with-undeclared-drugs-experience-of-a-tertiary-toxicology-laboratory-in-hong-kong
#5
Chor Kwan Ching, Sammy Pak Lam Chen, Hencher Han Chih Lee, Ying Hoo Lam, Sau Wah Ng, Mo Lung Chen, Magdalene Huen Yin Tang, Suzanne Suk San Chan, Candy Wai Yan Ng, Jana Wing Lan Cheung, Tina Yee Ching Chan, Nike Kwai Cheung Lau, Yeow Kuan Chong, Tony Wing Lai Mak
AIMS: Proprietary Chinese medicines (pCMs) and health products, generally believed to be natural and safe, are gaining popularity worldwide. However, the safety of pCMs and health products has been severely compromised by the practice of adulteration. The current study aimed to examine the problem of adulteration of pCMs and health products in Hong Kong. METHODS: The present study was conducted in a tertiary referral clinical toxicology laboratory in Hong Kong. All cases involving the use of pCMs or health products, which were subsequently confirmed to contain undeclared adulterants, from 2005 to 2015 were reviewed retrospectively...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963865/treating-late-life-depression-comparing-the-effects-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-across-the-adult-lifespan
#6
Megan J Hobbs, Amy E Joubert, Alison E J Mahoney, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: The burden attributable to late-life depression is set to increase with the ageing population. The size of the workforce trained to deliver psychogeriatric medicine is limited. Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) is an efficacious and scalable treatment option for depression. Yet older adults are underrepresented in iCBT research. This study examines the effects of iCBT for depression across the adult lifespan among patients seeking help in routine clinical care (N = 1288)...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951675/the-extent-of-use-of-online-pharmacies-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Norah Abanmy
PURPOSE: Online pharmacies sell medicine over the Internet and deliver them by mail. The main objective of this study is to explore the extent of use of online pharmacies in Saudi Arabia which will be useful for the scientific community and regulators. METHODS: An Arabic survey questionnaire was developed for this study. The questionnaire was distributed via email and social media. Four sections were created to cover the objectives: experience with online shopping in general, demographics, awareness of the existence and customer experiences of buying medicine online, and reasons for buying/not buying medicine online...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950888/an-education-intervention-to-improve-health-literacy-and-decision-making-about-supporting-self-care-among-older-australians-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Caroline A Smith, Esther Chang, Gisselle Gallego, Lynda G Balneaves
BACKGROUND: Older Australians are high consumers of complementary and alternative medicines (CM). To help older people to take an active role in their health, we will develop and evaluate a novel educational intervention to support decision self-efficacy, and improve health literacy skills. METHODS: The primary hypothesis is that participants receiving a web/DVD plus booklet intervention compared with a booklet-only group will demonstrate an increase in decision self-efficacy...
September 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944749/keeping-communications-flowing-during-large-scale-disasters-leveraging-amateur-radio-innovations-for-disaster-medicine
#9
Victor H Cid, Andrew R Mitz, Stacey J Arnesen
Medical facilities may struggle to maintain effective communications during a major disaster. Natural and man-made disasters threaten connectivity by degrading or crippling Internet, cellular/mobile, and landline telephone services across wide areas. Communications among staff, between facilities, and to resources outside the disaster area may be lost for an extended time. A prototype communications system created by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) provides basic communication services that ensure essential connectivity in the face of widespread infrastructure loss...
September 25, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943977/barriers-to-reporting-of-adverse-drugs-reactions-a-cross-sectional-study-among-community-pharmacists-in-united-kingdom
#10
Ejaz Cheema, Abdul Haseeb, Tahir M Khan, Paul Sutcliffe, Donald R Singer
BACKGROUND: Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) are a major public health problem. Prompt reporting of suspected ADRs is fundamental in the post-marketing surveillance of medicines and helps in ensuring medicine safety. However, fewer ADRs are reported in general and in particular by community pharmacists. There is limited knowledge about the factors which are preventing community pharmacists in the UK from reporting an ADR. OBJECTIVES: To identify the barriers to ADR reporting among community pharmacists practicing in the UK...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930219/qigong-in-cancer-care-theory-evidence-base-and-practice
#11
Penelope Klein
Background: The purpose of this discussion is to explore the theory, evidence base, and practice of Qigong for individuals with cancer. Questions addressed are: What is qigong? How does it work? What evidence exists supporting its practice in integrative oncology? What barriers to wide-spread programming access exist? Methods: Sources for this discussion include a review of scholarly texts, the Internet, PubMed, field observations, and expert opinion. Results: Qigong is a gentle, mind/body exercise integral within Chinese medicine...
January 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929174/-operation-pangea-standing-together-in-combat-against-international-pharmaceutical-crime
#12
REVIEW
Kirstin Smolka, Klaus Gronwald
Crime on the internet has grown accordingly to the increased use of the internet in everyday life. This includes illegal trading of pharmaceuticals via the internet. Trading in pharmaceuticals as "special commodities" underlies certain legal regulations in Germany, as in most other countries worldwide.Mail order trade (colloquially also known as internet trade) in pharmaceuticals requires approval of the competent regulatory authority. However, numerous illegal internet vendors of medicines present their websites to customers, purporting to be legal pharmacies and trading good and genuine medicines...
September 19, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929101/current-trends-in-volume-replacement-therapy-and-the-use-of-synthetic-colloids-in-small-animals-an-internet-based-survey-2016
#13
Ivayla D Yozova, Judith Howard, Nadja E Sigrist, Katja-Nicole Adamik
The use of synthetic colloids (SCs), particularly hydroxyethyl starch (HES), in people has changed in recent years following new evidence raising concerns about their efficacy and safety. Although fluid therapy guidelines for small animals are often extrapolated from human medicine, little information exists on current practice in veterinary medicine. The objective of the present study was to investigate current fluid selection, use of plasma volume expanders including SCs, and recent changes in their use in small animal practice...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925143/-exploration-of-rapidly-determining-quality-of-traditional-chinese-medicines-by-nir-spectroscopy-based-on-internet-sharing-mode
#14
Li-Jun Ni, Shao-Rong Luan, Li-Guo Zhang
Because of the numerous varieties of herbal species and active ingredients in the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the traditional methods employed could hardly satisfy the current determination requirements of TCM.The present work proposed an idea to realize rapid determination of the quality of TCM based on near infrared(NIR)spectroscopy and internet sharing mode. Low cost and portable multi-source composite spectrometer was invented by our group for in-site fast measurement of spectra of TCM samples. The database could be set up by sharing spectra and quality detection data of TCM samples among TCM enterprises based on the internet platform...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914335/regulatory-experience-of-tops-an-internet-based-system-to-prevent-healthy-subjects-from-over-volunteering-for-uk-clinical-trials
#15
C Allen, G Francis, J Martin, M Boyce
PURPOSE: The aim was to review the use of The Over-volunteering Prevention System (TOPS) since the HRA began hosting it in 2013, and the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) experience of monitoring its use by UK clinical research units. METHODS: The HRA searched the TOPS database for the number, type and location of units and the number of entries. The MHRA inspectors reviewed their findings from routine inspections. RESULTS: Twenty-two additional UK units registered to use TOPS during 2013-2016, making a total of 84 units since TOPS was established in 2002...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904328/a-narrative-review-of-non-operative-treatment-especially-traditional-chinese-medicine-therapy-for-lumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation
#16
Bo Zhang, Haidong Xu, Juntao Wang, Bin Liu, Guodong Sun
Lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH), as the main contributor to low back pain and sciatica, imposes a heavy burden on both the individual and society. Non-operative treatment or conservative treatment has proven effective in alleviation of the symptoms of LIDH and are considered to be a first-line choice for most cases. Active lifestyle, physical therapy, complementary and alternative medicine therapy or Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy, and pharmacotherapy are routinely used as effective non-operative treatment for LIDH patients...
2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857523/awareness-and-use-of-evidence-based-medicine-information-among-patients-in-croatia-a-nation-wide-cross-sectional-study
#17
Danijel Nejašmić, Ivana Miošić, Davorka Vrdoljak, Snježana Permozer Hajdarović, Marion Tomičić, Rudika Gmajnić, Ines Diminić Lisica, Jelena Sironić Hreljanović, Vlatka Pleh, Venija Cerovečki, Anita Tomljenović, Sanja Bekić, Minka Jerčić, Karla Tuđa, Livia Puljak
AIM: To determine the use of evidence-based medicine (EBM) information and the level of awareness and knowledge of EBM among patients in Croatia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 987 patients in 10 family medicine practices in Croatia. Patients from both urban (n=496) and rural (n=482) areas were surveyed. A 27-item questionnaire was used to collect data about sources that patients searched for medical information, patient awareness and use of Cochrane systematic reviews and other EBM resources, and their demographic characteristics...
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856170/factors-influencing-patient-selection-of-an-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-physician
#18
Blaine T Manning, Daniel D Bohl, Bryan M Saltzman, Eric J Cotter, Kevin C Wang, Chad T Epley, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole, Bernard R Bach
BACKGROUND: The rise in consumer-centric health insurance plans has increased the importance of the patient in choosing a provider. There is a paucity of studies that examine how patients select an orthopaedic sports medicine physician. PURPOSE: To evaluate factors that patients consider when choosing an orthopaedic sports medicine physician. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: A total of 1077 patients who sought treatment by 3 sports medicine physicians were administered an anonymous questionnaire...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854053/independent-non-medical-prescribing-in-children-s-hospices-in-the-uk-a-practice-snapshot
#19
Michael J Tatterton
BACKGROUND: Non-medical prescribing is well established within the British health service, with increasing numbers of nurses practicing within children's hospices. AIM: To identify the context of non-medical prescribing in children's hospices in the UK, focusing on the perceived benefits and challenges. METHOD: Internet-based questionnaires were sent to 55 UK children's hospices, exploring the practice and context of prescribing. RESULTS: Of the 55 invited, 20 children's hospices responded to the questionnaire, 14 of which employed a total of 39 non-medical prescribers (NMPs)...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852360/eponymous-instruments-in-orthopaedic-surgery
#20
M Ayodele Buraimoh, Jane Z Liu, Stephen B Sundberg, Michael P Mott
Every day surgeons call for instruments devised by surgeon trailblazers. This article aims to give an account of commonly used eponymous instruments in orthopaedic surgery, focusing on the original intent of their designers in order to inform how we use them today. We searched PubMed, the archives of longstanding medical journals, Google, the Internet Archive, and the HathiTrust Digital Library for information regarding the inventors and the developments of 7 instruments: the Steinmann pin, Bovie electrocautery, Metzenbaum scissors, Freer elevator, Cobb periosteal elevator, Kocher clamp, and Verbrugge bone holding forceps...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
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