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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447133/-digital-media-as-laypeople-s-source-of-information-about-the-environment-and-health
#1
REVIEW
Kai Sassenberg
Over the last two decades, the Internet has become the primary source of information. Thanks to the Internet, laypeople have access to information from the health and the environmental sector, which was for a long time available only to experts (e. g. scientific publications, statistics). Information on the Internet varies in quality, as generally anybody can publish online, without any quality control. At the same time, Internet use comes with specific situational characteristics. Given that the amount of information is nearly unlimited and that this information is easily available via search engines, users are not restricted to one or just a few texts, but can choose between multiple sources depending on their motivation and interest...
April 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444057/determinant-factors-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-std-aids-and-viral-hepatitis-among-youths-aged-18-to-29-years-in-brazil
#2
Miguel Barbosa Fontes, Rodrigo Campos Crivelaro, Alice Margini Scartezini, David Duarte Lima, Alexandre de Araújo Garcia, Rafael Tsuyoshi Fujioka
The scope of this study was to evaluate the vulnerability of Brazilian youths to STDs/HIV&AIDS and Viral Hepatitis. Interviews were conducted with 1,208 youths aged 18 to 29 in 15 states and the Federal District. The regional and national adjusted margin of error of the research was 2.8%. The study was approved by the School of Medicine of Brasilia University with support from PAHO and the Ministry of Health. A scale with 35 questions (knowledge, attitudes and practices) was the main dependent variable. Adjusted linear regression models identified the demographic and social determinant factors that explain scale variations...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443022/evaluating-quality-of-decision-making-processes-in-medicines-development-regulatory-review-and-health-technology-assessment-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Magdalena Bujar, Neil McAuslane, Stuart R Walker, Sam Salek
Introduction: Although pharmaceutical companies, regulatory authorities, and health technology assessment (HTA) agencies have been increasingly using decision-making frameworks, it is not certain whether these enable better quality decision making. This could be addressed by formally evaluating the quality of decision-making process within those organizations. The aim of this literature review was to identify current techniques (tools, questionnaires, surveys, and studies) for measuring the quality of the decision-making process across the three stakeholders...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428157/texting-and-mobile-phone-app-interventions-for-improving-adherence-to-preventive-behavior-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#4
Sherif M Badawy, Lisa M Kuhns
BACKGROUND: Many preventable behaviors contribute to adolescent mortality and morbidity. Non-adherence to preventive measures represents a challenge and has been associated with worse health outcomes in this population. The widespread use of electronic communication technologies by adolescents, particularly the use of text messaging (short message service, SMS) and mobile phones, presents new opportunities to intervene on risk and preventive risk behavior, but little is known about their efficacy...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#5
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410189/ehealth-acceptance-and-new-media-preferences-for-therapy-assistance-among-breast-cancer-patients
#6
Caroline Drewes, Thomas Kirkovits, Daniel Schiltz, Timo Schinkoethe, Renate Haidinger, Ursula Goldmann-Posch, Nadia Harbeck, Rachel Wuerstlein
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) and mobile communication-based health care (mHealth) applications have been increasingly utilized in medicine over the last decade, and have facilitated improved adherence to therapy regimens in patients with chronic conditions. Due to the long duration of breast cancer therapy, and the long course of disease in metastatic breast cancer, a need for more intensified physician-patient communication has emerged. Various support mechanisms, including new media such as mHealth and eHealth, have been proposed for this purpose...
September 14, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410120/snp_tata_comparator-genomewide-landmarks-for-preventive-personalized-medicine
#7
Mikhail Ponomarenko, Dmitry Rasskazov, Irina Chadaeva, Ekaterina Sharypova, Petr Ponomarenko, Olga Arkova, Elena Kashina, Nikita Ivanisenko, Dmitry Zhechev, Ludmila Savinkova, Nikolay Kolchanov
Year after year, conditions, quality, and duration of human lives have been improving due to the progress of science, technology, education, and medicine, which however has a downside. Owing to improvement in children's nutrition, developmental acceleration occurs that imbalances a child's system. Because of virtual worlds of the Internet, social experience of teenagers expands and clashes with puberty of adolescents. Due to the comfort of cities, urbanization emerges and causes stress to adults because of artificial light, noise, pollution, violations of personal space, and family disruption...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406386/practice-patterns-of-occupational-medicine-physicians-in-canada
#8
Allen Kraut, Aaron Thompson, Stephen Martin, Sidney Siu
The objectives of this survey were to identify the practice patterns of Canadian physicians working in the field of occupational medicine and to determine whether the type of certification influences the nature of the work they perform in the field. An Internet-based survey was conducted in September 2015 of members of the Occupational and Environmental Medicine Association of Canada. Eighty-six Canadian-based occupational medicine physicians completed the survey (response rate 36%). These physicians performed a wide variety of tasks (12 ± 6), with few spending most of their time doing a single task...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401128/planning-for-retirement-from-medicine-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Michelle Pannor Silver, Laura K Easty
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests there are important personal and social consequences associated with inadequate retirement planning for physicians. We evaluated whether academic physicians felt satisfied with their retirement planning, and identified obstacles to retirement planning and a set of factors to facilitate retirement planning. METHODS: We applied a sequential mixed-methods research design to explore and examine factors that facilitate academic physician retirement planning using data collected from multiple sources (including 7 focus groups, an internet-based survey and 23 in-depth interviews)...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400357/health-care-professionals-evidence-based-medicine-internet-searches-closely-mimic-the-known-seasonal-variation-of-lyme-borreliosis-a-register-based-study
#10
Samuli Pesälä, Mikko J Virtanen, Jussi Sane, Jukkapekka Jousimaa, Outi Lyytikäinen, Satu Murtopuro, Pekka Mustonen, Minna Kaila, Otto Helve
BACKGROUND: Both health care professionals and nonprofessionals seek medical information on the Internet. Using Web-based search engine searches to detect epidemic diseases has, however, been problematic. Physician's databases (PD) is a chargeable evidence-based medicine (EBM) portal on the Internet for health care professionals and is available throughout the entire health care system in Finland. Lyme borreliosis (LB), a well-defined disease model, shows temporal and regional variation in Finland...
April 11, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397339/recent-trends-in-oropharyngeal-cancer-funding-and-public-interest
#11
Michael A Blasco, Peter F Svider, Troy Tenbrunsel, Gautham Vellaichamy, George H Yoo, Andrew M Fribley, S Naweed Raza
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The incidence of oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) has increased in the United States. This has been driven by an increase in human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive OPC. Our objective is to determine trends in National Institutes (NIH)-supported research funding and public interest in OPC. METHODS: The NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools database was evaluated for projects related to OPC between 2004 and 2015. Projects were evaluated for total funding, relation to HPV, principal investigator departmental affiliation and degree, and NIH agency or center responsible for grant...
April 11, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396846/towards-automated-calculation-of-evidence-based-clinical-scores
#12
Christopher A Aakre, Mikhail A Dziadzko, Vitaly Herasevich
AIM: To determine clinical scores important for automated calculation in the inpatient setting. METHODS: A modified Delphi methodology was used to create consensus of important clinical scores for inpatient practice. A list of 176 externally validated clinical scores were identified from freely available internet-based services frequently used by clinicians. Scores were categorized based on pertinent specialty and a customized survey was created for each clinician specialty group...
March 26, 2017: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393428/interactive-web-based-format-vs-conventional-brochure-material-for-information-transfer-to-children-and-parents-a-randomized-controlled-trial-regarding-preoperative-information
#13
Gunilla Lööf, Cecilia Liljeberg, Staffan Eksborg, Per-Arne Lönnqvist
BACKGROUND: Information transfer to patients is an integral part of modern medicine. Internet-based alternatives represent a new and attractive way for information transfer. METHODS: The study used a prospective observer-blinded design. Children (3-12 years) and parents were instructed to get further preoperative information either through an interactive web-based platform, the Anaesthesia-Web, or conventional brochure material until day of outpatient surgery. On the day of surgery, children and parents were separately asked six different questions...
April 10, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377918/comparing-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-with-or-without-including-prayer-as-a-modality-in-a-local-and-diverse-united-states-jurisdiction
#14
Brenda Robles, Dawn M Upchurch, Tony Kuo
OBJECTIVES: Few studies to date have examined the utilization of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in a local, ethnically diverse population in the United States (U.S.). Fewer have addressed the differences in their use based on inclusion or exclusion of prayer as a modality. Variable definitions of CAM are known to affect public health surveillance (i.e., continuous, systematic data collection, analysis, and interpretation) or benchmarking (i.e., identifying and comparing key indicators of health to inform community planning) related to this non-mainstream collection of health and wellness therapies...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365898/open-access-publishing-in-the-field-of-medical-informatics
#15
Stefanie Kuballa
The open access paradigm has become an important approach in today's information and communication society. Funders and governments in different countries stipulate open access publications of funded research results. Medical informatics as part of the science, technology and medicine disciplines benefits from many research funds, such as National Institutes of Health in the US, Wellcome Trust in UK, German Research Foundation in Germany and many more. In this study an overview of the current open access programs and conditions of major journals in the field of medical informatics is presented...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363988/implementing-tools-to-support-evidence-based-practice-a-survey-and-brief-intervention-study-of-the-national-elf-service-across-oxford-health-nhs-foundation-trust
#16
Lauren Z Atkinson, Alexandra Forrest, Leah Marriner, John Geddes, Andrea Cipriani
BACKGROUND: Technology and the internet has enabled rapid access to research but most mental health professionals do not have time to keep up with the vast and growing scientific literature. Secondary information sources, such as the National Elf Service (NES), aim to summarise the most important and up-to-date research to improve mental health professionals' access to information to support evidence-based medicine (EBM). OBJECTIVE: To explore mental health professionals' attitudes towards evidence-based practice and methods used to keep up-to-date with research...
March 31, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359849/a-review-on-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-pharmacology-pharmacokinetics-and-toxicology-of-the-genus-peganum
#17
REVIEW
Shuping Li, Xuemei Cheng, Changhong Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The plants of the genus Peganum have a long history as a Chinese traditional medicine for the treatment of cough, hypertension, diabetes, asthma, jaundice, colic, lumbago, and many other human ailments. Additionally, the plants can be used as an amulet against evil-eye, dye and so on, which have become increasingly popular in Asia, Iran, Northwest India, and North Africa. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The present paper reviewed the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, analytical methods, biological activities, metabolism, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and drug interaction of the genus Peganum in order to assess the ethnopharmacological use and to explore therapeutic potentials and future opportunities for research...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344921/german-guideline-for-the-management-of-adverse-reactions-to-ingested-histamine-guideline-of-the-german-society-for-allergology-and-clinical-immunology-dgaki-the-german-society-for-pediatric-allergology-and-environmental-medicine-gpa-the-german-association-of
#18
Imke Reese, Barbara Ballmer-Weber, Kirsten Beyer, Thomas Fuchs, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Ute Lepp, Bodo Niggemann, Joachim Saloga, Christiane Schäfer, Thomas Werfel, Torsten Zuberbier, Margitta Worm
Adverse food reactions are far more often perceived than objectively verified. In our scientific knowledge on non-allergic adverse reactions including the so called histamine intolerance, there are large deficits. Due to the fact that this disorder is increasingly discussed in the media and the internet, more and more people suspect it to be the trigger of their symptoms. The scientific evidence to support the postulated link between ingestion of histamine and adverse reactions is limited, and a reliable laboratory test for objective diagnosis is lacking...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343420/portable-devices-and-mobile-instruments-for-infectious-diseases-point-of-care-testing
#19
Luc Bissonnette, Michel G Bergeron
Rapidity, simplicity, and portability are highly desirable characteristics of tests and devices designed for performing diagnostics at the point of care (POC), either near patients managed in healthcare facilities or to offer bioanalytical alternatives in external settings. By reducing the turnaround time of the diagnostic cycle, POC diagnostics can reduce the dissemination, morbidity, and mortality of infectious diseases and provide tools to control the global threat of antimicrobial resistance. Areas covered: A literature search of PubMed and Google Scholar, and extensive mining of specialized publications, Internet resources, and manufacturers' websites have been used to organize and write this overview of the challenges and requirements associated with the development of portable sample-to-answer diagnostics, and showcase relevant examples of handheld devices, portable instruments, and less mobile systems which may or could be operated at POC...
April 11, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343208/legal-features-of-the-drug-advertising
#20
Vitalii M Pashkov, Andrii A Olefir, Oleksiy Y Bytyak
INTRODUCTION: In the article discribed current trends of advertising in the pharmaceutical market and foreign experience of legal regulation of these relations. As for the advertising of medicines identified it's symptoms, types, basic rules and prohibitions. Modern pharmaceutical companies can not successfully carry out economic activities without advertising. Besides we can mention some fundamental changes in society (information overload, universal access to internet, social media, freedom of movement of goods, labor and finance), also self-medication becomes more popular...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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