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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446647/management-of-multi-casualty-incidents-in-mountain-rescue-evidence-based-guidelines-of-the-international-commission-for-mountain-emergency-medicine-icar-medcom
#1
Marc Blancher, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R Wheeler, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, Peter Paal
Blancher, Marc, François Albasini, Fidel Elsensohn, Ken Zafren, Natalie Hölzl, Kyle McLaughlin, Albert R. Wheeler III, Steven Roy, Hermann Brugger, Mike Greene, and Peter Paal. Management of multi-casualty incidents in mountain rescue. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2018. INTRODUCTION: Multi-Casualty Incidents (MCI) occur in mountain areas. Little is known about the incidence and character of such events, and the kind of rescue response. Therefore, the International Commission for Mountain Emergency Medicine (ICAR MEDCOM) set out to provide recommendations for the management of MCI in mountain areas...
February 15, 2018: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434017/health-information-obtained-from-the-internet-and-changes-in-medical-decision-making-questionnaire-development-and-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Yen-Yuan Chen, Chia-Ming Li, Jyh-Chong Liang, Chin-Chung Tsai
BACKGROUND: The increasing utilization of the internet has provided a better opportunity for people to search online for health information, which was not easily available to them in the past. Studies reported that searching on the internet for health information may potentially influence an individual's decision making to change her health-seeking behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) develop and validate 2 questionnaires to estimate the strategies of problem-solving in medicine and utilization of online health information, (2) determine the association between searching online for health information and utilization of online health information, and (3) determine the association between online medical help-seeking and utilization of online health information...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428868/mapping-the-cancer-patient-information-landscape-a-comparative-analysis-of-patient-groups-across-europe-and-north-america
#3
Mark Lawler, Gillian Prue, Ian Banks, Kate Law, Peter Selby, Gordon McVie, Richard Sullivan
AIM: Little is known about how patient groups provide information for patients. We invited 838 patient groups from Europe and North America to participate in an online survey. METHODS: The survey covered: (i) availability, accessibility and quality of information provided; (ii) methods by which patient groups communicate; (iii) ways in which patient groups acquire information and confirm its veracity/accuracy; (iv) how people access information online. RESULTS: European patient groups were significantly less effective in providing medical-related information than their North American counterparts in: clinical trials, potential causes of cancer, medical research, diagnosis/screening, symptoms, treatments (all p < 0...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426601/from-quality-markers-to-data-mining-and-intelligence-assessment-a-smart-quality-evaluation-strategy-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-based-on-quality-markers
#4
Gang Bai, Tiejun Zhang, Yuanyuan Hou, Guoyu Ding, Min Jiang, Guoan Luo
BACKGROUND: The quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) forms the foundation of its clinical efficacy. The standardization of TCM is the most important task of TCM modernization. In recent years, there has been great progress in the quality control of TCM. However, there are still many issues related to the current quality standards, and it is difficult to objectively evaluate and effectively control the quality of TCM. PURPOSE: To face these challenge, we summarized the current quality marker (Q-marker) research based on its characteristics and benefits, and proposed a reasonable and intelligentized quality evaluation strategy for the development and application of Q-markers...
January 31, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424493/is-it-safe-to-inject-local-anaesthetic-with-adrenaline-into-the-pinna-and-external-nose
#5
Emma Millar, Arthur Henderson, Angus Waddell
Adrenaline containing lidocaine preparations such as lignospan are routinely used in ear, nose and throat (ENT) care. Despite this, textbooks and internet resources warn against their use in peripheries, including the nose and ear. As a result, they are commonly avoided by other specialties, such as emergency medicine. This article reports on the findings of a review undertaken to assess the evidence of harm associated with using lignospan in the pinna and external nose. A literature search was carried out, and retrospective data were collected on all elective facial skin lesion surgery in the ENT department at the Great Western Hospital in Swindon between 2005 and 2015...
February 9, 2018: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414001/detection-and-identification-of-multiple-adulterants-in-plant-food-supplements-using-attenuated-total-reflectance-infrared-spectroscopy
#6
E Deconinck, C Aouadi, J L Bothy, P Courselle
Due to the rising popularity of dietary supplements, especially plant food supplements, and alternative herbal medicines, a whole market developed and these products became freely available through internet. Though several searches revealed that at least a part of these products, especially the ones obtained from websites disclosing their physical identity, are aldulterated with pharmaceutical compounds. This causes a threat for public health, since these compounds are not declared and therefore adverse effects will not immediately be related to the product...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396034/epidemiology-clinical-characteristics-and-associations-for-symptom-based-rome-iv-functional-dyspepsia-in-adults-in-the-usa-canada-and-the-uk-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#7
Imran Aziz, Olafur S Palsson, Hans Törnblom, Ami D Sperber, William E Whitehead, Magnus Simrén
BACKGROUND: The population prevalence, clinical characteristics, and associations for Rome IV functional dyspepsia are not known. Following the publication of the Rome IV criteria for functional gastrointestinal disorders, we aimed to assess the prevalence, characteristics, and associations for symptom-based Rome IV functional dyspepsia in adults across the USA, Canada, and the UK. METHODS: We sent an internet-based cross-sectional health survey to adults in the general population of three English-speaking countries: the USA, Canada, and the UK...
January 29, 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385203/practice-variation-and-practice-guidelines-attitudes-of-generalist-and-specialist-physicians-nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants
#8
David A Cook, Laurie J Pencille, Denise M Dupras, Jane A Linderbaum, V Shane Pankratz, John M Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: To understand clinicians' beliefs about practice variation and how variation might be reduced. METHODS: We surveyed board-certified physicians (N = 178), nurse practitioners (N = 60), and physician assistants (N = 12) at an academic medical center and two community clinics, representing family medicine, general internal medicine, and cardiology, from February-April 2016. The Internet-based questionnaire ascertained clinicians' beliefs regarding practice variation, clinical practice guidelines, and costs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383060/feasibility-and-usability-of-tele-interview-for-medical-residency-interview
#9
REVIEW
Ali Pourmand, Hayoung Lee, Malika Fair, Kaylah Maloney, Amy Caggiula
Every year in the United States, medical students and residency programs dedicate millions of dollars to the residency matching process. On-site interviews for training positions involve tremendous financial investment, and time spent detracts from educational pursuits and clinical responsibilities. Students are usually required to fund their own travel and accommodations, adding additional financial burdens to an already costly medical education. Similarly, residency programs allocate considerable funds to interview-day meals, tours, staffing, and social events...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370145/establishing-a-pharmacy-based-patient-registry-system-a-pilot-study-for-evaluating-pharmacist-intervention-for-patients-with-long-term-medication-use
#10
Manabu Akazawa, Akiko Mikami, Yuri Tamura, Natsuyo Yanagi, Shinichi Yamamura, Hiroyasu Ogata
Background: In Japan, an increasing number of patients are prescribed a large amount of long-term medications by large hospitals that are then dispensed by a community pharmacy. This practice often leads to considerable wastage of medicine. As part of their professional role, community pharmacists are expected to contribute more to the appropriate use of medication by patients. Using a prospective cohort, we aimed to evaluate pharmacists' role in the community. Methods: We created a patient registry system for community pharmacies to monitor long-term medication use by patients with chronic conditions...
January 25, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354198/the-virtual-hallway-consult-as-an-effective-means-of-continuing-professional-development-in-physiatry
#11
Karen Ethans, Tim Deutscher, Mayur Nankar
Background: A personal learning project (PLP) is an accredited form of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in Canada, and is a self-initiated learning activity that is stimulated by a question, issue or dilemma in one's professional practice. Many complex cases or issues have no answers that are readily available. Many physicians rely day to day on other physician colleagues that they may consult in their institution. Given the paucity of same specialty Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation colleagues in Canadian centres, the idea of Virtual Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Hallway germinated, to provide a simple tool to extend our hallways to reach colleagues with similar interests across the country...
December 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344016/coding-of-tissue-and-cell-preparations-using-eurocode
#12
REVIEW
Ralf Knels, Kirstin Stüpmann, Axel Pruß, Jan Klerke, Joachim Kardoeus, Jens Hiller
Traceability of products requires their unique identification. In Germany blood products have been encoded by Eurocode since 1998. EU Directives 2004/23/EC, 2006/86/EC and 2015/565/EC demanded unique identification and safe traceability procedure also for tissues and cells. Eurocode IBLS e.V. and the German Society of Transfusion Medicine and Immunohematology (DGTI) working parties '!' within the Single European Code (SEC). Several data elements of Eurocode can be used to create the complete SEC data structure, except the tissue establishment number...
November 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336344/-the-urologist-of-the-future-and-new-technologies
#13
Francois Peinado, Atanasio Fernández, Fernando Teba, Guillermo Celada, Marco Antonio Acosta
The last 25 years have brought about revolutionary changes for medicine and in particular for urology: internet was only in its infancy, medical records were written on paper, searches for medical information were done in the hospital library, medical articles were photocopied and our relationship with patients only existed face to face. Social networks had not yet appeared and even Google did not exist. Just imagine what might happen during the next 25 years, we're going to see even more radical changes. The urologist of the future is going to see the arrival of artificial intelligence, collaborative medicine, telemedicine, machine learning, the Internet of Things and personalized robotics; in the meantime, social media will continue to transform the interaction between physician and patient...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334444/pregnancy-and-parenthood-during-medical-school
#14
Emma M Bye, Brody W Brisk, Suzanne D Reuter, Keith A Hansen, Mary D Nettleman
PURPOSE: The stress of pregnancy and parenthood during the intense educational experience of medical school could increase the risk of student burnout. Because 9.2 percent of U.S. medical students are parents by graduation, it would seem prudent to include this topic in wellness programs and policies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pregnancy and parenthood on medical students. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional, internet survey distributed to all four classes of medical students at the University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine during the 2016-2017 academic year...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331315/ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-arctotis-arctotoides-l-f-o-hoffm-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Md Moshfekus Saleh-E-In, Johannes Van Staden
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arctotis arctotoides (Asteraceae) is part of the genus Arctotis. Arctotis is an African genus of approximately 70 species that occur widely in the African continent with diverse medicinal values. This plant is used for the treatment of indigestion and catarrh of the stomach, epilepsy, topical wounds and skin disorders among the ethnic groups in South Africa and reported to have a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The aim of the present review is to appraise the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological potential, analytical methods and safety issues of A...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#16
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
February 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325555/the-readiness-of-hospital-pharmacists-in-kuwait-to-practise-evidence-based-medicine-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Ali Jasem Buabbas, Fatemah Mohammad Alsaleh, Hamza Mohamad Al-Shawaf, Ali Abdullah, Abdullah Almajran
BACKGROUND: The evolving role of pharmacists in providing pharmaceutical care, as part of the healthcare team, challenges them to acquire up-to-date knowledge of medicines to make the best clinical decisions. The volume of medical literature is on the increase, and it is important to utilise these resources to optimise patients' therapeutic outcomes. This study aimed at assessing the readiness of government hospital pharmacists in practising evidence-based medicine (EBM) in Kuwait in regards to their attitude, knowledge and skills, as well as the perceived barriers and facilitators...
January 11, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321123/comparative-analysis-of-women-with-notable-subjective-health-indicators-compared-with-participants-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Christoph Schnelle, Eunice J Minford, Vanessa McHardy, Jane Keep
BACKGROUND: At least six communities with unusually good health and longevity have been identified, but their lifestyles aren't adopted widely. Informal evidence suggests that women associated with Universal Medicine (UM), a complementary medicine health care organization in Eastern Australia and the United Kingdom with normal lifestyles, also have several unusual health indicators. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine how UM participants compared with women in the Australian population at large on a variety of health indicators...
January 10, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314458/quality-of-omeprazole-purchased-via-the-internet-and-personally-imported-into-japan-comparison-with-products-sampled-in-other-asian-countries
#19
Mohammad Sofiqur Rahman, Naoko Yoshida, Sakura Sugiura, Hirohito Tsuboi, Tep Keila, Heng Bun Kiet, Theingi Zin, Tsuyoshi Tanimoto, Kazuko Kimura
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of omeprazole personally imported into Japan via the internet and to compare the quality of these samples with previously collected samples from two other Asian countries. METHODS: The samples were evaluated by observation, authenticity investigation, and pharmacopoeial quality analysis. Quality comparison of some selected samples was carried out by dissolution profiling, Raman spectroscopy, and principle component analysis (PCA)...
January 5, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313509/patients-families-perceptions-of-lupus-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
J Iba Ba, M Ouédraogo, Y S Oliveira, I Nseng Nseng, A Abo Ekomie, J B Boguikouma
Lupus is an autoimmune disease affecting the connective tissue. Its clinical and biological polymorphism is often misunderstood by patients and families and can lead to treatment interruption and a decision to turn to alternative medicine. We used a questionnaire to assess the degree of knowledge of this disease of family members living with lupus patients. Of the 56 lupus patients receiving regular follow-up at our hospital, 123 members of 30 of their families (53.5%) participated. Overall, among these families, 81...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
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