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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330224/vitamin-d-ameliorates-impaired-wound-healing-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice-by-suppressing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-inflammatory-genes-expression
#2
Yifeng Yuan, Sushant K Das, MaoQuan Li
[Background] : Diabetic wounds are characterized by delayed wound healing due to persistent inflammation and excessive production of reactive oxygen species. Vitamin D, which is well acknowledged as enhanced intestinal calcium absorption and increase in plasma calcium level, has recently been shown to display beneficial effects in various vascular diseases by promoting angiogenesis and inhibiting inflammatory responses. However the role of Vitamin Din diabetic wound healing is still unclear. [Materials and Methods] : In the present study, we investigated the role of Vitamin D in cutaneous wound healing in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic mice...
January 12, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329572/socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-of-dietary-patterns-in-french-speaking-switzerland-2009-2012
#3
Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Idris Guessous
BACKGROUND: Food intake is a complex behaviour which can be assessed using dietary patterns. Our aim was to characterize dietary patterns and associated factors in French-speaking Switzerland. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in the city of Lausanne, Switzerland, including 4372 participants (54% women, 57.3 ± 10.3 years). Food consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary patterns were assessed by principal components analysis...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326421/vitamin-d3-fortified-milk-did-not-affect-glycemic-control-lipid-profile-and-anthropometric-measures-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-triple-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Saedeh Salehi, Fatemeh Sadeghi, Masoumeh Akhlaghi, Mohammad Amin Hanifpour, Mahdi Roshanzamir
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The effect of vitamin D on glycemic status of diabetes patients is controversial. The objective was to assess the effect of vitamin D3-fortified milk on cardiometabolic markers of patients with type 2 diabetes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this randomized triple-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 102 patients (34 males and 68 females) aged 31-74 years with type 2 diabetes were randomized to receive either 250 ml unfortified or 250 ml 1000 IU vitamin D3-fortified milk daily for 9 weeks...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324909/effect-of-hypoparathyroid-on-bone-mineral-density-of-lumber-spine-in-postmenopausal-women-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancinoma
#5
Yongli Bai, Yanlei Huo, Fei Yu, Danyang Wang, Chao Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of hypoparathyroid on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). SUBJECT AND METHODS: Postmenopausal women with postoperative DTC, and undergoing thyroid residual ablation or for metastases treatment were collected and followed for two years. They were divided into hypoparathyroid group (PTH<15pg/mL) and a normal cognitive group (PTH>15pg/mL). Bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine was analyzed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at baseline, 6, 12 and 24 months...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322299/serum-parathyroid-hormone-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-before-and-after-biliopancreatic-diversion
#6
Vanessa Tardio, Jean-Philippe Blais, Anne-Sophie Julien, Pierre Douville, Stefane Lebel, Laurent Biertho, Simon Marceau, Frédéric-Simon Hould, Claudia Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) decreases vitamin D and calcium absorption, which may result in secondary hyperparathyroidism. This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and secondary hyperparathyroidism before and after BPD-DS. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who had undergone BPD-DS at a tertiary bariatric center between 2003 and 2010 and for whom simultaneous measurements of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone were available within 5 years post-op was performed...
January 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322024/hypocalcaemia-and-permanent-hypoparathyroidism-after-total-bilateral-thyroidectomy-in-the-baets-registry
#7
REVIEW
David R Chadwick
The UK Registry of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgeons (UKRETS) has been operated by the British Association of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgeons (BAETS) and Dendrite Clinical Systems Ltd. in a web-based electronic format since 2004. Data on over 90,000 endocrine procedures have been collected to date. Analysis of those cases undergoing bilateral thyroid resections in the interval July 2010 to June 2015 demonstrates that hypocalcaemia remains the commonest complication of thyroid surgery. After first-time total thyroidectomy, 23...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322018/a-nomogram-to-predict-the-likelihood-of-permanent-hypoparathyroidism-after-total-thyroidectomy-based-on-delayed-serum-calcium-and-ipth-measurements
#8
Antonio Sitges-Serra, Joaquín Gómez, Marcin Barczynski, Leyre Lorente-Poch, Maurizio Iacobone, Juan Sancho
Background: Retrospective studies have shown that delayed high-normal serum calcium and detectable iPTH are independent variables positively influencing outcome of prolonged parathyroid failure after total thyroidectomy (TT). The aim of the present study was to examine prospectively the ability of these two variables to predict permanent hypoparathyroidism in patients under replacement therapy for postoperative hypocalcemia. Methods: Prospective observational multicenter study of patients undergoing TT followed by postoperative parathyroid failure (serum calcium <8 mg/dL within 24 h and PTH <15 pg/mL 4 h after surgery)...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322017/clinical-profile-and-long-term-follow-up-of-32-patients-with-postoperative-permanent-hypoparathyroidism
#9
Leyre Lorente-Poch, Juan J Sancho, Leticia Carballo, Antonio Sitges-Serra
Background: Parathyroid failure is the most common complication after total thyroidectomy but permanent impairment of the parathyroid function is unusual. Limited data is available assessing long-term follow-up, quality of life and complications occurring in patients with permanent hypoparathyroidism (PH). We aimed to assess the incidence of complications derived from PH status, their influence on the quality of life perceived by PH patients and its relation to standard medical treatment with calcium salts and active vitamin D analogues...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319776/hypercalcemia-and-acute-renal-insufficiency-following-use-of-a-veterinary-supplement
#10
Marcelo Fernando Ronsoni, Heloisa de Cassia Dos Santos, Bruno da Silveira Colombo, Carina Gabriela Correa, Ana Paula Gomes Moritz, Marisa Helena Cesar Coral, Simone Van de Sande-Lee, Alexandre Hohl
A previously healthy 24 yo male presented with a two-month history of epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and malaise. He reported abuse of different substances, including an injectable veterinary vitamin compound, which contains high doses of vitamin A, D and E, and an oily vehicle that induces local edema and enhances muscle volume. Serum creatinine was 3.1 mg/dL, alanine transaminase 160 mg/dL, aspartate transaminase 11 mg/dL, total testosterone 23 ng/dL, 25-OH-vitamin D >150 ng/mL (toxicity >100), 1,25-OH-vitamin D 80 pg/mL, vitamin A 0...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318083/a-missed-opportunity-in-bone-health-vitamin-d-and-calcium-use-in-elderly-femoral-neck-fracture-patients-following-arthroplasty
#11
Sheila Sprague, Kim Madden, Gerard Slobogean, Brad Petrisor, Jonathan D Rick Adachi, Earl Bogoch, Ydo V Kleinlugtenbelt, Mohit Bhandari
Introduction: Introduction: Adequate calcium and vitamin D from diet and supplementation is recommended for elderly hip fracture patients. Using data from the multinational hip fracture arthroplasty trial (HEALTH), we determined the proportion of patients who consistently took vitamin D and calcium and which characteristics/prescribing practices were associated with consistency of supplement use. Methods: HEALTH is a multicenter randomized trial of elderly hip fracture patients treated with hemi-arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316405/magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin-d-co-supplementation-improves-glycemic-control-and-markers-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-in-gestational-diabetes-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Maryam Karamali, Shahla Bahramimoghadam, Fateme Sharifzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
To the best our knowledge, data on the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are scarce. The purpose of this study was to establish the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on glycemic control and markers of cardio-metabolic risk of GDM patients. Sixty patients with GDM, aged 18-40 years old were randomised into two groups to intake either magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplements or placebo (n=30 each group) for 6 weeks in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
January 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315160/preventive-effects-of-vitamin-d-on-seasonal-influenza-a-in-infants-a-multicenter-randomized-open-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Jian Zhou, Juan Du, Leting Huang, Youcheng Wang, Yimei Shi, Hailong Lin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of vitamin D for preventing influenza A in 400 infants in a multicenter, randomized, open, controlled clinical trial. METHODS: The infants were randomized into low-dose and high-dose vitamin D groups, and serum calcium, inorganic phosphorus and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were detected thrice in 4 months. Infants infected with influenza A were monitored for symptoms including fever, cough, and wheezing...
January 8, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314248/calcium-and-vitamin-d-supplementation-are-not-associated-with-risk-of-incident-ischaemic-cardiac-events-or-death-findings-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort
#14
Nicholas C Harvey, Stefania D'Angelo, Julien Paccou, Elizabeth M Curtis, Mark Edwards, Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Karen Walker-Bone, Steffen E Petersen, Cyrus Cooper
We investigated associations between calcium/vitamin D supplementation and incident cardiovascular events/deaths in a UK population-based cohort. UK Biobank is a large prospective cohort comprising 502,637 men and women aged 40-69 years at recruitment. Supplementation with calcium/vitamin D was self-reported, and information on incident hospital admission (ICD-10) for ischaemic heart disease (IHD), myocardial infarction (MI) any cardiovascular event, and subsequent death, was obtained from linkage to national registers...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313597/vitamin-d-and-vitamin-d-receptor-in-patients-with-ophthalmic-pterygium
#15
Cristina Maxia, Daniela Murtas, Michela Corrias, Ignazio Zucca, Luigi Minerba, Franca Piras, Cristiana Marinelli, Maria Teresa Perra
Pterygium, an ultraviolet radiation (UV)-related disease, is a relatively benign process, but since it displays tumor-like features, it has been proposed to be a neoplastic- like growth disorder. Vitamin D performs a number of functions in addition to calcium homeostasis, as inhibition of cell proliferation, activation of apoptotic pathways, and inhibition of angiogenesis. Since the antitumor actions of vitamin D are mediated primarily through the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR), the aim of the present study was to investigate vitamin D status in patients with pterygium and in control subjects, and VDR immunohistochemical expression in samples of pterygium and normal conjunctiva in order to evaluate a possible role of vitamin D pathway in the pathogenesis of the disease...
October 30, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313071/glucocorticoids-inflammation-and-bone
#16
REVIEW
Melek Güler-Yüksel, Jos N Hoes, Irene E M Bultink, Willem F Lems
The current review on glucocorticoids (GCs), inflammation and bone is focused on three aspects: (1) the mutual effects between GCs, inflammation and bone in inflammatory rheumatic diseases, (2) current views on fracture risk assessment in patients using GCs and (3) non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment to prevent fractures in GC-using patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases. The use of GCs results in increased risk for fractures due to both direct and indirect negative effects of GCs on bone mass, and on bone and muscle strength...
January 8, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311132/the-epidemiology-of-prostate-cancer
#17
Claire H Pernar, Ericka M Ebot, Kathryn M Wilson, Lorelei A Mucci
Prostate cancer is a major cause of disease and mortality among men, and each year 1.6 million men are diagnosed with and 366,000 men die of prostate cancer. In this review, we discuss the state of evidence for specific genetic, lifestyle, and dietary factors associated with prostate cancer risk. Given the biological heterogeneity of this cancer, we focus on risk factors for advanced or fatal prostate cancer. First, we provide descriptive epidemiology statistics and patterns for prostate cancer incidence and mortality around the world...
January 8, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307094/diet-and-exercise-changes-following-bone-densitometry-in-the-patient-activation-after-dxa-result-notification-paadrn-study
#18
Douglas W Roblin, Peter Cram, Yiyue Lou, Stephanie W Edmonds, Sylvie F Hall, Michael P Jones, Kenneth G Saag, Nicole C Wright, Fredric D Wolinsky
Calcium and vitamin D intake and exercise are suboptimal among older adults. Following bone densitometry, a letter communicating individualized fracture risk accompanied by an educational brochure improved participants' lifestyle-but no more than existing communication strategies-over 52 weeks. Simple communication strategies are insufficient for achieving optimal levels of bone health behaviors. PURPOSE: The Patient Activation After DXA Result Notification (PAADRN) study was designed to evaluate whether a letter with individualized fracture risk and an educational brochure mailed to patients soon after their DXA might improve bone health behaviors (daily calcium intake, vitamin D supplementation, and weekly exercise sessions) compared to slower, less individualized communication characterizing usual care...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304057/long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-dietary-intake-is-positively-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-in-normal-and-osteopenic-spanish-women
#19
Jesus Lavado-García, Raul Roncero-Martin, Jose M Moran, Maria Pedrera-Canal, Ignacio Aliaga, Olga Leal-Hernandez, Sergio Rico-Martin, Maria L Canal-Macias
The regular consumption of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCO3-PUFAs) results in general health benefits. The intake of LCO3-PUFAs has been reported to contribute to bone metabolism. We aimed to investigate the relationships between dietary intakes of LCO3-PUFAs and bone mineral density (BMD) in Spanish women aged 20-79 years old. A total of 1865 female subjects (20-79 years old) were enrolled, and lumbar (L2, L3, L3 and total spine), hip (femoral neck (FN), femoral trochanter (FT) and Ward's triangle (WT)) bone mineral density (BMD) were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302265/the-effect-of-low-dose-intravenous-bisphosphonate-treatment-on-osteoporosis-in-children-with-quadriplegic-cerebral-palsy
#20
Soon Jeong Moon, Young Min An, Soon Ki Kim, Young Se Kwon, Ji Eun Lee
Purpose: Quadriplegic children with cerebral palsy are more susceptible to osteoporosis because of various risk factors that interfere with bone metabolism. Pamidronate is effective for pediatric osteoporosis, but there are no guidelines for optimal dosage or duration of treatment in quadriplegic children with osteoporosis. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose pamidronate treatment in these patients. Methods: Ten quadriplegic patients on antiepileptic drugs (6 male, 4 female patients; mean age, 10...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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