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textile electrochemical sensor

B Molinero-Abad, D Izquierdo, L Pérez, I Escudero, M J Arcos-Martínez
An anodic stripping voltammetric method is reported in this study for the determination of sub-nanomolar Pb concentration using disposable sensors, each consisting of three (counter, working and reference) screen-printed electrodes. Sensor performance was optimized for the determination of Pb through several surface modifications, by using single-walled carbon nanotubes, electro-reduced graphene oxide and gold nanoparticles. A scanning electron microscopy study of the deposition of electrogenerated gold nanoparticles of various sizes on the working electrode surface showed that spherical nanoparticles of around 100 nm provided the best results...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
Shanshan Yao, Puchakayala Swetha, Yong Zhu
Highly sensitive wearable sensors that can be conformably attached to human skin or integrated with textiles to monitor the physiological parameters of human body or the surrounding environment have garnered tremendous interest. Owing to the large surface area and outstanding material properties, nanomaterials are promising building blocks for wearable sensors. Recent advances in the nanomaterial-enabled wearable sensors including temperature, electrophysiological, strain, tactile, electrochemical, and environmental sensors are presented in this review...
January 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Rupesh K Mishra, Aida Martín, Tatsuo Nakagawa, Abbas Barfidokht, Xialong Lu, Juliane R Sempionatto, Kay Mengjia Lyu, Aleksandar Karajic, Mustafa M Musameh, Ilias L Kyratzis, Joseph Wang
Flexible epidermal tattoo and textile-based electrochemical biosensors have been developed for vapor-phase detection of organophosphorus (OP) nerve agents. These new wearable sensors, based on stretchable organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH) enzyme electrodes, are coupled with a fully integrated conformal flexible electronic interface that offers rapid and selective square-wave voltammetric detection of OP vapor threats and wireless data transmission to a mobile device. The epidermal tattoo and textile sensors display a good reproducibility (with RSD of 2...
October 20, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Shi Hyeong Kim, Carter S Haines, Na Li, Keon Jung Kim, Tae Jin Mun, Changsoon Choi, Jiangtao Di, Young Jun Oh, Juan Pablo Oviedo, Julia Bykova, Shaoli Fang, Nan Jiang, Zunfeng Liu, Run Wang, Prashant Kumar, Rui Qiao, Shashank Priya, Kyeongjae Cho, Moon Kim, Matthew Steven Lucas, Lawrence F Drummy, Benji Maruyama, Dong Youn Lee, Xavier Lepró, Enlai Gao, Dawood Albarq, Raquel Ovalle-Robles, Seon Jeong Kim, Ray H Baughman
Mechanical energy harvesters are needed for diverse applications, including self-powered wireless sensors, structural and human health monitoring systems, and the extraction of energy from ocean waves. We report carbon nanotube yarn harvesters that electrochemically convert tensile or torsional mechanical energy into electrical energy without requiring an external bias voltage. Stretching coiled yarns generated 250 watts per kilogram of peak electrical power when cycled up to 30 hertz, as well as up to 41.2 joules per kilogram of electrical energy per mechanical cycle, when normalized to harvester yarn weight...
August 25, 2017: Science
Tanya Narahari, Dhananjaya Dendukuri, Shashi K Murthy
The integration of flow control elements into low-cost biosensors presents a significant engineering challenge. This Article describes the development and integration of active, chemical valves into lateral flow devices, using a scalable, single-step, weaving-based manufacturing approach. The valve was constructed from an electrically conductive polymer, polypyrrole. The polymer switches between wetting and nonwetting states when it is reduced and oxidized via the application of an electrochemical potential...
April 4, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Kobun Rovina, Shafiquzzaman Siddiquee, Sharifudin Md Shaarani
Tartrazine is an azo food dye, which is orange-colored and water soluble. It is usually used in foods, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and textiles. Tartrazine has the potential to cause an adverse health effect on humans, such as hyperactivity in children, allergy, and asthma. Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additive and EU Scientific Committee for Food have standardized the acceptable daily intake for tartrazine that is 7.5 mg kg-1 body weight. Many researchers have detected the presence of tartrazine for monitoring the quality and safety of food products...
July 4, 2017: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
Amay J Bandodkar, Cristian S López, Allibai Mohanan Vinu Mohan, Lu Yin, Rajan Kumar, Joseph Wang
The present work demonstrates the synthesis and application of permanent magnetic Nd2Fe14B microparticle (NMP)-loaded graphitic inks for realizing rapidly self-healing inexpensive printed electrochemical devices. The incorporation of NMPs into the printable ink imparts impressive self-healing ability to the printed conducting trace, with rapid (~50 ms) recovery of repeated large (3 mm) damages at the same or different locations without any user intervention or external trigger. The permanent and surrounding-insensitive magnetic properties of the NMPs thus result in long-lasting ability to repair extreme levels of damage, independent of ambient conditions...
November 2016: Science Advances
I Gualandi, M Marzocchi, A Achilli, D Cavedale, A Bonfiglio, B Fraboni
The development of wearable chemical sensors is receiving a great deal of attention in view of non-invasive and continuous monitoring of physiological parameters in healthcare applications. This paper describes the development of a fully textile, wearable chemical sensor based on an organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) entirely made of conductive polymer (PEDOT:PSS). The active polymer patterns are deposited into the fabric by screen printing processes, thus allowing the device to actually "disappear" into it...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xiyuan Liu, Peter B Lillehoj
Electrochemical sensors are powerful analytical tools which possess the capacity for rapid detection of biomarkers in clinical specimens. While most electrochemical sensors are fabricated on rigid substrates, there is a growing need for sensors that can be manufactured on inexpensive and flexible materials. Here, we present a unique embroidered electrochemical sensor that is capable of quantitative analytical measurements using raw biofluid samples. Conductive threads immobilized with enzyme probes were generated using a simple and robust fabrication process and used to fabricate flexible, mechanically robust electrodes on textiles...
May 24, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Tripurari Choudhary, G P Rajamanickam, Dhananjaya Dendukuri
We present textile weaving as a new technique for the manufacture of miniature electrochemical sensors with significant advantages over current fabrication techniques. Biocompatible silk yarn is used as the material for fabrication instead of plastics and ceramics used in commercial sensors. Silk yarns are coated with conducting inks and reagents before being handloom-woven as electrodes into patches of fabric to create arrays of sensors, which are then laminated, cut and packaged into individual sensors. Unlike the conventionally used screen-printing, which results in wastage of reagents, yarn coating uses only as much reagent and ink as required...
May 7, 2015: Lab on a Chip
Radhakrishnan Sridhar, Subramanian Sundarrajan, Jayarama Reddy Venugopal, Rajeswari Ravichandran, Seeram Ramakrishna
Engineered nanofibers are generally focused on filtration, solar cells, sensors, smart textile fabrication, tissue engineering, etc. Electrospun nanofibers have potential advantages in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, because of the ease in the incorporation of drugs, growth factors, natural materials, and inorganic nanoparticles in to these nanofiber scaffolds. Electrospun nanofiber scaffolds composed of synthetic and natural polymers are being explored as scaffolds similar to natural extracellular matrix for tissue engineering...
2013: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Jonas Flueckiger, Frank K Ko, Karen C Cheung
Formaldehyde is a volatile organic compound that is widely used in textiles, paper, wood composites, and household materials. Formaldehyde will continuously outgas from manufactured wood products such as furniture, with adverse health effects resulting from prolonged low-level exposure. New, microfabricated sensors for formaldehyde have been developed to meet the need for portable, low-power gas detection. This paper reviews recent work including silicon microhotplates for metal oxide-based detection, enzyme-based electrochemical sensors, and nanowire-based sensors...
2009: Sensors
Yang-Li Yang, Min-Chieh Chuang, Shyh-Liang Lou, Joseph Wang
The incorporation of amperometric sensors into clothing through direct screen-printing onto the textile substrate is described. Particular attention is given to electrochemical sensors printed directly on the elastic waist of underwear that offers tight direct contact with the skin. The textile-based printed carbon electrodes have a well-defined appearance with relatively smooth conductor edges and no apparent defects or cracks. Convenient voltammetric and chronoamperometric measurements of 0-3 mM ferrocyanide, 0-25 mM hydrogen peroxide, and 0-100 muM NADH have been documented...
June 2010: Analyst
Zhigang Zhu, Wenhui Song, Krishna Burugapalli, Francis Moussy, Ya-Li Li, Xiao-Hua Zhong
A novel brush-like electrode based on carbon nanotube (CNT) nano-yarn fiber has been designed for electrochemical biosensor applications and its efficacy as an enzymatic glucose biosensor demonstrated. The CNT nano-yarn fiber was spun directly from a chemical-vapor-deposition (CVD) gas flow reaction using a mixture of ethanol and acetone as the carbon source and an iron nano-catalyst. The fiber, 28 microm in diameter, was made of bundles of double walled CNTs (DWNTs) concentrically compacted into multiple layers forming a nano-porous network structure...
April 23, 2010: Nanotechnology
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