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Mona A Mohamed, Dalia M El-Gendy, Nashaat Ahmed, Craig E Banks, Nageh K Allam
Adenine-functionalized spongy graphene (FSG) composite, fabricated via a facile and green synthetic method, has been explored as a potential electrocatalyst toward the electroanalytical sensing of codeine phosphate (COD). The synthesized composite is characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and thermogravimetric analysis...
October 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Pengqiang Jiang, Yang Peng, Yun Mou, Hao Cheng, Mingxiang Chen, Sheng Liu
In this paper, we propose a thermally stable multi-color phosphor-in-glass (PiG) for chromaticity-tunable white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs). The multi-color PiG has a red, green, and blue (RGB) phosphor glass layer, which was screen-printed and co-sintered on a glass plate with a low temperature of 600°C. The WLED with ultra-compact structure was fabricated by the RGB-PiG directly bonded on a flip-chip ultraviolet (UV) LED. By controlling the weight ratio of R∶G∶B phosphors, the thickness of the RGB layer, and the weight ratio of phosphors to glass powders (PtG), the chromaticity of RGB-PiG based WLEDs can be effectively tuned with high color quality...
October 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Hayati Filik, Asiye Aslıhan Avan
In the current study, we introduce magnetic solid phase microextraction coupled with electrochemical detection of caffeine. A commercially available disposable screen-printed carbon electrodes modified with poly Alizarin Red S are employed as electrochemical sensors in the detection stage. However, the suitability of magnetic solid phase microextraction for electroanalytical methods such as square wave voltammetry has not been declared. With our optimised conditions in hand, the system response was linearly proportional to the concentration of caffeine in the range of 0...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Niuzi Xue, Qinyi Zhang, Shunping Zhang, Pan Zong, Feng Yang
It is important to improve the sensitivities and selectivities of metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) gas sensors when they are used to monitor the state of hydrogen in aerospace industry and electronic field. In this paper, the ordered mesoporous SnO₂ (m-SnO₂) powders were prepared by sol-gel method, and the morphology and structure were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET). The gas sensors were fabricated using m-SnO₂ as the modified layers on the surface of commercial SnO₂ (c-SnO₂) by screen printing technology, and tested for gas sensing towards ethanol, benzene and hydrogen with operating temperatures ranging from 200 °C to 400 °C...
October 14, 2017: Sensors
S Shankar, R Naveen Kumar, P Mohankumar, Srinivasan Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Hand screen-printing (HSP) plays a predominant role in textile industries in developing countries. Workers from HSP industry were mostly affected by musculoskeletal injury due to monotonous, and prolonged work nature and poor workplace environment. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) symptoms and risk factors associated among the HSP industry workers. METHODS: Cochran's sample size for categorical data was used to select 385 HSP workers of 1000 samples from various provinces of Tamil Nadu, INDIA...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Marco Giannetto, Maria Vittoria Bianchi, Monica Mattarozzi, Maria Careri
Since p53 protein has become recognized biomarker for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in oncological diseases with particular relevance for bladder cancer, it is highly desirable to search for a novel sensing tool for detecting the patient's p53 level at the early stage. Here we report the first study on the development and validation of a novel disposable competitive amperometric immunosensor for determination of p53 protein at subnanomolar levels, based on p53 immobilization on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanotubes modified screen-printed carbon electrodes...
October 23, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
V R Rodovalho, G R Araujo, E R Vaz, C Ueira-Vieira, L R Goulart, J M Madurro, A G Brito-Madurro
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a wide group of diseases, characterized by synovial inflammation and joint tissue damage. Due to the delay in the implementation of biomarkers into clinical practice and the association with severe sequels, there is an imperative need for new JIA diagnosis strategies. Electrochemical biosensors based on screen-printed electrodes and peptides are promising alternatives for molecular diagnosis. In this work, a novel biosensor for detecting juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) was developed based on the immobilization of the PRF+1 mimetic peptide, as recognition biological element, on the surface of screen-printed carbon electrode...
October 5, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Cristina Ariño, Núria Serrano, José Manuel Díaz-Cruz, Miquel Esteban
For a long time mercury electrodes have been the main choice for the analysis of metal ions and some metalloids. However, in the last years, safety and environmental considerations have restricted their use and encouraged the search for alternative materials more environmentally friendly and with more possibilities for in-situ and flow analysis. This research has been reinforced by the popularisation of nanomaterials, biomolecules and screen-printed electrodes, as well as for the new advances in sensor miniaturization and integration of the electrodes in multi-sensor platforms and electronic tongues...
October 16, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Kunli Xiong, Daniel Tordera, Gustav Emilsson, Oliver Olsson, Ulrika Linderhed, Magnus P Jonsson, Andreas B Dahlin
Plasmonic color generation offers several advantages but is also limited by the cost and availability of noble metals like gold. In this work we present color-tuneable metasurfaces with high chromaticity and reflectivity consisting of an aluminum mirror, a dielectric spacer and a plasmonic nanohole array in copper. Copper is shown to be an excellent alternative to gold when properly protected from oxidation and makes it possible to generate a wide RGB gamut covering 27% of the standard RGB. By patterning the metasurfaces into microscale pixel triplets, color photos can be well reproduced with high resolution over wafer-sized areas...
October 13, 2017: Nano Letters
Weijing Yao, Qingyong Tian, Jun Liu, Qingwen Xue, Mengxiao Li, Li Liu, Qiang Lu, Wei Wu
Advanced anti-counterfeiting labels have aroused an intensive interest in packaging industry to avoid the serious issue of counterfeit. However, the preparation and cost of the existing labels associated with the drawbacks, including the complex and high-cost equipment, limit the protection of the authenticity of goods. Herein, we developed a series of anti-counterfeiting labels based on multicolor upconversion micro-particles (UCMPs) inks via straightforward and low-cost solutions, including spin-coating, stamping and screen printing...
October 12, 2017: Nanoscale
Sneh Sinha, Yeonsik Noh, Natasa Reljin, Gregory Martin Treich, Shirin Hajeb-Mohammadalipour, Yang Guo, Ki H Chon, Gregory Sotzing
Electrocardiography (ECG) is an essential technique for analyzing and monitoring cardiovascular physiological conditions such as arrhythmia. This article demonstrates the integration of screen printed ECG circuitry from a commercially available conducting polymer, PEDOT:PSS, onto commercially available finished textiles. ECG signals were recorded in dry skin conditions due to the ability of PEDOT:PSS to function as both ionic and electronic conductors. The signal amplifies when the skin transpires water vapor, or by applying a common lotion on the skin...
October 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Juliane R Sempionatto, Rupesh K Mishra, Aida Martín, Guangda Tang, Tatsuo Nakagawa, Xiaolong Lu, Alan S Campbell, Kay Mengjia Lyu, Joseph Wang
This work describes a wireless wearable ring-based multiplexed chemical sensor platform for rapid electrochemical monitoring of explosive and nerve-agent threats in vapor and liquid phases. The ring-based sensor system consists of two parts: a set of printed electrochemical sensors and a miniaturized electronic interface, based on a battery-powered stamp-size potentiostat, for signal processing and wireless transmission of data. A wide range of electrochemical capabilities have thus been fully integrated into a 3D printed compact ring structure, toward performing fast square-wave voltammetry and chronoamperometric analyses, along with interchangeable screen-printed sensing electrodes for the rapid detection of different chemical threats...
October 11, 2017: ACS Sensors
Paul R Degregory, Jansen Tapia, Tammy Wong, Jo Villa, Ian Richards, Richard M Crooks
The objective of this paper is development of an inexpensive point-of-care sensor for detecting the primary heart failure marker peptide, NT-proBNP. The device technology is based on an antibody sandwich assay, but with three innovative aspects. First, chemical amplification is carried out via oxidation of silver nanoparticles (NPs) attached to signaling antibodies rather than by enzymatic amplification. The electrochemical method is faster and eliminates the need for long-term storage of enzymes. Second, the antibody sandwich is formed on mobile magnetic beads...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
Tamer Awad Ali, Gehad Genidy Mohamed, Ghada A Yahya
This article is focused on the determination of lidocaine hydrochloride as a local anaesthetic drug. A potentiometric method based on modified screen-printed and modified carbon paste ion-selective electrodes was described for the determination of lidocaine hydrochloride in different pharmaceutical preparations and biological fluids (urine and serum). It was based on potentiometric titration of lidocaine hydrochloride using modified screen-printed and carbon paste electrodes as end point indicator sensors. The influences of the paste composition, different conditioning parameters and foreign ions on the electrodes performance were investigated and response times of the electrodes were studied...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Prosper Kanyong, Francis D Krampa, Yaw Aniweh, Gordon A Awandare
This review (with 35 references) summarizes the various strategies used in biosensors for galactose, and their analytical performance. A brief comparison of the enzyme immobilization methods employed and the analytical performance characteristics of a range of galactose biosensors are first summarized in tabular form and then described in detail. Selected examples have been included to demonstrate the various applications of these biosensors to real samples. Following an introduction into the field that covers the significance of sensing galactose in various fields, the review covers biosensors based on the use of galactose oxidase, with a discussion of methods for their immobilization (via cross-linking, adsorption, covalent bonding and entrapment)...
2017: Mikrochimica Acta
Stefano Cinti, Vincenzo Mazzaracchio, Ilaria Cacciotti, Danila Moscone, Fabiana Arduini
Herein, we evaluated the use of paper towel, waxed paper, and Parafilm M(®) (Heathrow Scientific, Vernon Hills, IL, USA) as alternative substrates for screen-printed sensor manufacturing. Morphological study was performed to evaluate the adhesion of the ink on these uncommon substrates, as well as the morphology of the working electrode. The electrochemical characterization was carried out using ferricyanide/ferrocyanide as redox couple. To enhance the electrochemical properties of the developed sensors, the nanomaterial carbon black was used as nanomodifier...
October 3, 2017: Sensors
Phil Nicholas, Robin Pittson, John P Hart
This paper describes the development of a simple, low cost chronoamperometric assay, for the measurement of fructose, using a graphite-nanoparticle modified screen-printed electrode (SPCE-G-COOH). Cyclic voltammetry showed that the response of the SPCE-G-COOH enhanced the sensitivity and precision, towards the enzymatically generated ferrocyanide species, over a plain SPCE; therefore the former was employed in subsequent studies. Calibration studies were carried out using chronoamperometry with a 40µl mixture containing fructose, mediator and FDH, deposited onto the SPCE-G-COOH...
February 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Livia F Sgobbi, Sergio A S Machado
A plethora of publications has continuously reported electrochemical biosensors for detection of pesticides. However, those devices rarely accomplish commercial application due to technical issues associated with the lack of stability and high cost of the biological recognition element (enzyme). Alternatively, the biomimetic catalysts have arisen as a candidate for application in electrochemical biosensors to overcome the enzymatic drawbacks, combining low cost scalable materials with superior stability. Herein, for the first time, we propose a biomimetic biosensor for organophosphorus pesticide detection employing a functionalized polyacrylamide, polyhydroxamicalkanoate (PHA), which mimics the performance of the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzyme...
September 14, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Francis D Krampa, Yaw Aniweh, Gordon A Awandare, Prosper Kanyong
A conducting polymer-based composite material of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT): poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) doped with different percentages of a room temperature ionic liquid (IL), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([EMIM][BF₄]), was prepared and a very small amount of the composite (2.0 µL) was drop-coated on the working area of a screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE). The SPCE, modified with PEDOT:PSS/IL composite thin-film, was characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), profilometry and sessile contact angle measurements...
July 26, 2017: Sensors
Jörg Exner, Gaby Albrecht, Daniela Schönauer-Kamin, Jaroslaw Kita, Ralf Moos
The pulsed polarization technique on solid electrolytes is based on alternating potential pulses interrupted by self-discharge pauses. Since even small concentrations of nitrogen oxides (NOx) in the ppm range significantly change the polarization and discharge behavior, pulsed polarization sensors are well suited to measure low amounts of NOx. In contrast to all previous investigations, planar pulsed polarization sensors were built using an electrolyte thick film and platinum interdigital electrodes on alumina substrates...
July 26, 2017: Sensors
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