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Mohammad Aref Khalily, Hakan Usta, Mehmet Ozdemir, Gokhan Bakan, F Begum Dikecoglu, Charlotte Edwards-Gayle, Jessica A Hutchinson, Ian W Hamley, Aykutlu Dana, Mustafa O Guler
π-Conjugated small molecules based on a [1]benzothieno[3,2-b]benzothiophene (BTBT) unit are of great research interest in the development of solution-processable semiconducting materials owing to their excellent charge-transport characteristics. However, the BTBT π-core has yet to be demonstrated in the form of electro-active one-dimensional (1D) nanowires that are self-assembled in aqueous media for potential use in bioelectronics and tissue engineering. Here we report the design, synthesis, and self-assembly of benzothienobenzothiophene (BTBT)-peptide conjugates, the BTBT-peptide (BTBT-C3-COHN-Ahx-VVAGKK-Am) and the C8-BTBT-peptide (C8-BTBT-C3-COHN-Ahx-VVAGKK-Am), as β-sheet forming amphiphilic molecules, which self-assemble into highly uniform nanofibers in water with diameters of 11-13(±1) nm and micron-size lengths...
May 18, 2018: Nanoscale
Aleksandr Markov, Vanessa Maybeck, Nikolaus Wolf, Dirk Mayer, Andreas Offenhäusser, Roger Wördenweber
The interface between cells and inorganic surfaces represents one of the key elements for bioelectronics experiments and applications ranging from cell cultures and bioelectronics devices to medial implants. In the present paper, we describe a way to tailor the biocompatibility of substrates in terms of cell growth and to significantly improve cell-chip communication, and we also demonstrate the reusability of the substrates for cell experiments. All these improvements are achieved by coating the substrates or chips with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) consisting of a mixture of organic molecules, (3-aminopropyl)-triethoxysilane (APTES) and (3-glycidyloxypropyl)-trimethoxysilane (GLYMO)...
May 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sung Pyo Park, Young Jun Tak, Hee Jun Kim, Jin Hyeok Lee, Hyukjoon Yoo, Hyun Jae Kim
Resistive random access memory (RRAM) devices are fabricated through a simple solution process using glucose, which is a natural biomaterial for the switching layer of RRAM. The fabricated glucose-based RRAM device shows nonvolatile bipolar resistive switching behavior, with a switching window of 103 . In addition, the endurance and data retention capability of glucose-based RRAM exhibit stable characteristics up to 100 consecutive cycles and 104 s under constant voltage stress at 0.3 V. The interface between the top electrode and the glucose film is carefully investigated to demonstrate the bipolar switching mechanism of the glucose-based RRAM device...
May 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Andressa R Pereira, Graziela C Sedenho, João C P DE Souza, Frank N Crespilho
Bioelectrochemistry can be defined as a branch of Chemical Science concerned with electron-proton transfer and transport involving biomolecules, as well as electrode reactions of redox enzymes. The bioelectrochemical reactions and system have direct impact in biotechnological development, in medical devices designing, in the behavior of DNA-protein complexes, in green-energy and bioenergy concepts, and make it possible an understanding of metabolism of all living organisms (e.g. humans) where biomolecules are integral to health and proper functioning...
2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Siwei Zhao, Peter Tseng, Jonathan Grasman, Yu Wang, Wenyi Li, Bradley Napier, Burcin Yavuz, Ying Chen, Laurel Howell, Javier Rincon, Fiorenzo G Omenetto, David L Kaplan
The increased need for wearable and implantable medical devices has driven the demand for electronics that interface with living systems. Current bioelectronic systems have not fully resolved mismatches between engineered circuits and biological systems, including the resulting pain and damage to biological tissues. Here, salt/poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) aqueous two-phase systems are utilized to generate programmable hydrogel ionic circuits. High-conductivity salt-solution patterns are stably encapsulated within PEG hydrogel matrices using salt/PEG phase separation, which route ionic current with high resolution and enable localized delivery of electrical stimulation...
May 2, 2018: Advanced Materials
Li-Jing Cheng
Electrokinetic transport of ions between electrolyte solutions and ion permselective solid media governs a variety of applications, such as molecular separation, biological detection, and bioelectronics. These applications rely on a unique class of materials and devices to interface the ionic and electronic systems. The devices built on ion permselective materials or micro-/nanofluidic channels are arranged to work with aqueous environments capable of either manipulating charged species through applied electric fields or transducing biological responses into electronic signals...
March 2018: Biomicrofluidics
Jerry A Fereiro, Xi Yu, Israel Pecht, Mordechai Sheves, Juan Carlos Cuevas, David Cahen
Metalloproteins, proteins containing a transition metal ion cofactor, are electron transfer agents that perform key functions in cells. Inspired by this fact, electron transport across these proteins has been widely studied in solid-state settings, triggering the interest in examining potential use of proteins as building blocks in bioelectronic devices. Here, we report results of low-temperature (10 K) electron transport measurements via monolayer junctions based on the blue copper protein azurin (Az), which strongly suggest quantum tunneling of electrons as the dominant charge transport mechanism...
April 30, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Linda M Guiney, Nikhita D Mansukhani, Adam E Jakus, Shay G Wallace, Ramille N Shah, Mark C Hersam
Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is a thermally conductive yet electrically insulating two-dimensional layered nanomaterial that has attracted significant attention as a dielectric for high-performance electronics in addition to playing a central role in thermal management applications. Here, we report a high-content hBN-polymer nanocomposite ink, which can be 3D printed to form mechanically robust, self-supporting constructs. In particular, hBN is dispersed in poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and 3D printed at room temperature through an extrusion process to form complex architectures...
April 30, 2018: Nano Letters
Yu-Tao Li, Ye Tian, He Tian, Tao Tu, Guang-Yang Gou, Qian Wang, Yan-Cong Qiao, Yi Yang, Tian-Ling Ren
Bacteriorhodopsin protein extracted from Halobacterium salinarum is widely used in many biohybrid electronic devices and forms a research subject known as bioelectronics, which merges biology with electronic technique. The specific molecule structure and components of bR lead to its unique photocycle characteristic, which consists of several intermediates (bR, K, L, M, N, and O) and results in proton pump function. In this review, working principles and properties of bacteriorhodopsin are briefly introduced, as well as bR layer preparation method...
April 27, 2018: Sensors
Ning Xue, Ignacio Delgado Martinez, Jianhai Sun, Yuhua Cheng, Chunxiu Liu
Vagus nerve stimulation is an emerging bioelectronic medicine to modulate cardiac function, as the nerve provides parasympathetic innervation to the heart. In this study, we developed a polyimide based 2D cuff electrode to wrap around on the vagus nerve. Thanks to the tiny size and bendable protruding structure of the contact tips of the device, the electrode sites are able to flexibly bend to touch the nerve, selectively record and stimulate the vagus nerve. Gold, platinum and platinum black materials were chosen to compose the electrodes for nerve stimulation and recording, respectively...
April 20, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Sihong Wang, Jin Young Oh, Jie Xu, Helen Tran, Zhenan Bao
Future electronics will take on more important roles in people's lives. They need to allow more intimate contact with human beings to enable advanced health monitoring, disease detection, medical therapies, and human-machine interfacing. However, current electronics are rigid, nondegradable and cannot self-repair, while the human body is soft, dynamic, stretchable, biodegradable, and self-healing. Therefore, it is critical to develop a new class of electronic materials that incorporate skinlike properties, including stretchability for conformable integration, minimal discomfort and suppressed invasive reactions; self-healing for long-term durability under harsh mechanical conditions; and biodegradability for reducing environmental impact and obviating the need for secondary device removal for medical implants...
April 25, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Santanu Patra, Ekta Roy, Rashmi Madhuri, Prashant K Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Sayak Subhra Panda, Howard E Katz, John D Tovar
The field of organic electronics continues to be driven by new charge-transporting materials that are typically processed from toxic organic solvents incompatible with biological environments. Over the past few decades, powerful examples of electrical transport as mediated through protein-based macromolecules have fueled the emerging area of organic bioelectronics. These attractive bioinspired architectures have enabled several important applications that draw on their functional electrical properties, ranging from field-effect transistors to piezoelectrics...
April 23, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Valentin A Pavlov, Sangeeta S Chavan, Kevin J Tracey
The nervous system regulates immunity and inflammation. The molecular detection of pathogen fragments, cytokines, and other immune molecules by sensory neurons generates immunoregulatory responses through efferent autonomic neuron signaling. The functional organization of this neural control is based on principles of reflex regulation. Reflexes involving the vagus nerve and other nerves have been therapeutically explored in models of inflammatory and autoimmune conditions, and recently in clinical settings...
April 26, 2018: Annual Review of Immunology
Tim Shay, Orlin D Velev, Michael D Dickey
Soft and stretchable materials play an important role in the emerging fields of soft robotics, human-machine interfaces, and stretchable electronics. Hydrogels are compelling materials because they are soft, chemically tunable, biocompatible, and ionically conductive. Hydrogels have been used as components of skin mountable sensors, such as electrocardiogram (ECG) electrodes, and show promise in emerging devices as stretchable, transparent electrodes. Ultimately, these types of devices interface the hydrogel with rigid metallic electrodes to connect with electronic circuitry...
April 19, 2018: Soft Matter
Matteo Ghittorelli, Leona Lingstedt, Paolo Romele, N Irina Crăciun, Zsolt Miklós Kovács-Vajna, Paul W M Blom, Fabrizio Torricelli
Ions dissolved in aqueous media play a fundamental role in plants, animals, and humans. Therefore, the in situ quantification of the ion concentration in aqueous media is gathering relevant interest in several fields including biomedical diagnostics, environmental monitoring, healthcare products, water and food test and control, agriculture industry and security. The fundamental limitation of the state-of-art transistor-based approaches is the intrinsic trade-off between sensitivity, ion concentration range and operating voltage...
April 12, 2018: Nature Communications
Bruno F E Matarèse, Paul L C Feyen, Aniello Falco, Fabio Benfenati, Paolo Lugli, John C deMello
Gold is the most widely used electrode material for bioelectronic applications due to its high electrical conductivity, good chemical stability and proven biocompatibility. However, it adheres only weakly to widely used substrate materials such as glass and silicon oxide, typically requiring the use of a thin layer of chromium between the substrate and the metal to achieve adequate adhesion. Unfortunately, this approach can reduce biocompatibility relative to pure gold films due to the risk of the underlying layer of chromium becoming exposed...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jiao Zheng, Ningxing Li, Chunrong Li, Xinxin Wang, Yucheng Liu, Guobin Mao, Xinghu Ji, Zhike He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Songyue Lin, Wendou Feng, Xiaofei Miao, Xiangxin Zhang, Sujing Chen, Yuanqiang Chen, Wei Wang, Yining Zhang
Flexible and implantable glucose biosensors are emerging technologies for continuous monitoring of blood-glucose of diabetes. Developing a flexible conductive substrates with high active surface area is critical for advancing the technology. Here, we successfully fabricate a flexible and highly sensitive nonenzymatic glucose by using DVD-laser scribed graphene (LSG) as a flexible conductively substrate. Copper nanoparticles (Cu-NPs) are electrodeposited as the catalyst. The LSG/Cu-NPs sensor demonstrates excellent catalytic activity toward glucose oxidation and exhibits a linear glucose detection range from 1 μM to 4...
July 1, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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