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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635956/self-assembled-three-dimensional-network-designs-for-soft-electronics
#1
Kyung-In Jang, Kan Li, Ha Uk Chung, Sheng Xu, Han Na Jung, Yiyuan Yang, Jean Won Kwak, Han Hee Jung, Juwon Song, Ce Yang, Ao Wang, Zhuangjian Liu, Jong Yoon Lee, Bong Hoon Kim, Jae-Hwan Kim, Jungyup Lee, Yongjoon Yu, Bum Jun Kim, Hokyung Jang, Ki Jun Yu, Jeonghyun Kim, Jung Woo Lee, Jae-Woong Jeong, Young Min Song, Yonggang Huang, Yihui Zhang, John A Rogers
Low modulus, compliant systems of sensors, circuits and radios designed to intimately interface with the soft tissues of the human body are of growing interest, due to their emerging applications in continuous, clinical-quality health monitors and advanced, bioelectronic therapeutics. Although recent research establishes various materials and mechanics concepts for such technologies, all existing approaches involve simple, two-dimensional (2D) layouts in the constituent micro-components and interconnects. Here we introduce concepts in three-dimensional (3D) architectures that bypass important engineering constraints and performance limitations set by traditional, 2D designs...
June 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629852/bioelectronic-block-of-paravertebral-sympathetic-nerves-mitigates-post-myocardial-infarction-ventricular-arrhythmias
#2
Ray W Chui, Una Buckley, Pradeep S Rajendran, Tina Vrabec, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Jeffrey L Ardell
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction contributes to induction of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT). OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of charge-balanced direct current (CBDC), applied to the T1-T2 segment of the paravertebral sympathetic chain, on VT inducibility post-myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: In a porcine model, CBDC was applied in acute animals (n=7) to optimize stimulation parameters for sympathetic blockade and in chronic MI animals (n=7) to evaluate the potential for VTs...
June 16, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628123/electrochemical-strain-microscopy-probes-morphology-induced-variations-in-ion-uptake-and-performance-in-organic-electrochemical%C3%A2-transistors
#3
R Giridharagopal, L Q Flagg, J S Harrison, M E Ziffer, J Onorato, C K Luscombe, D S Ginger
Ionic transport phenomena in organic semiconductor materials underpin emerging technologies ranging from bioelectronics to energy storage. The performance of these systems is affected by an interplay of film morphology, ionic transport and electronic transport that is unique to organic semiconductors yet poorly understood. Using in situ electrochemical strain microscopy (ESM), we demonstrate that we can directly probe local variations in ion transport in polymer devices by measuring subnanometre volumetric expansion due to ion uptake following electrochemical oxidation of the semiconductor...
June 19, 2017: Nature Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628030/a-novel-flexible-cuff-like-microelectrode-for-dual-purpose-acute-and-chronic-electrical-interfacing-with-the-mouse-cervical-vagus-nerve
#4
April Shawn Caravaca, Téa Tsaava, Laura Goldman, Harold Silverman, Gary Riggott, Sangeeta Chavan, Chad Bouton, Kevin J Tracey, Robert Desimone, Ed Boyden, Harbaljit Singh Sohal, Peder S Olofsson
OBJECTIVE: Neural reflexes establish homeostasis and regulate the immune system. Advances in bioelectronic medicine indicate that electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve can be used to treat inflammatory disease, yet the understanding of neural signals that regulate inflammation is incomplete. Current interfaces with the vagus nerve do not permit effective chronic stimulation or recording in mouse models, which is vital to studying the molecular and neurophysiological mechanisms that control inflammation homeostasis in health and disease...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626624/biocompatibility-and-in-vivo-operation-of-implantable-mesoporous-pvdf-based-nanogenerators
#5
Yanhao Yu, Haiyan Sun, Hakan Orbay, Feng Chen, Christopher G England, Weibo Cai, Xudong Wang
The rapid developments of implantable biomedical electronics give rise to the motivation of exploring efficient and durable self-powered charging system. In this paper, we report a mesoporous polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)-based implantable piezoelectric nanogenerator (NG) for in vivo biomechanical energy harvesting. The NG was built with a sponge-like mesoporous PVDF film and encapsulated by polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). After embedding this NG into rodents, a Voc of ~200 mV was produced from the gentle movement of rodent muscle...
September 2016: Nano Energy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621493/bioelectronic-medicine-technology-targeting-molecular-mechanisms-for-therapy
#6
P S Olofsson, K J Tracey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611490/gene-specific-dna-sensors-for-diagnosis-of-pathogenic-infections
#7
REVIEW
Manali Datta, Dignya Desai, Ashok Kumar
Gene specific DNA based sensors have potential applications for rapid and real time monitoring of hybridization signal with the target nucleic acid of pathogens. Different types of DNA based sensors and their applications have been studied for rapid and accurate detection of pathogens causing human diseases. These sensors are based on surface plasmon resonance, quantum-dots, molecular beacons, piezoelectric and electrochemical etc. Curbing epidemics at an early stage is one of the massive challenges in healthcare systems...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603996/quantum-dots-in-graphene-nanoribbons
#8
Shiyong Wang, Neerav Kharche, Eduardo Costa Girão, Xinliang Feng, Klaus Müllen, Vincent Meunier, Roman Fasel, Pascal Ruffieux
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) hold great promise for applications in electronics, optoelectronics, and bioelectronics, but the fabrication of widely tunable GQDs has remained elusive. Here, we report the fabrication of atomically precise GQDs consisting of low-bandgap N = 14 armchair graphene nanoribbon (AGNR) segments that are achieved through edge fusion of N = 7 AGNRs. The so-formed intraribbon GQDs reveal deterministically defined, atomically sharp interfaces between wide and narrow AGNR segments and host a pair of low-lying interface states...
June 15, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579306/corrigendum-to-a-bead-based-immunofluorescence-assay-on-a-microfluidic-dielectrophoresis-platform-for-rapid-dengue-virus-detection-biosens-bioelectron-95-2017-174-180
#9
Edwar Iswardy, Tien-Chun Tsai, I-Fang Cheng, Tzu-Chuan Ho, Guey Chuen Perng, Hsien-Chang Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561988/electron-hopping-across-hemin-doped-serum-albumin-mats-on-centimeter-length-scales
#10
Nadav Amdursky, Xuhua Wang, Paul Meredith, D Jason Riley, David J Payne, Donal D C Bradley, Molly M Stevens
Exploring long-range electron transport across protein assemblies is a central interest in both the fundamental research of biological processes and the emerging field of bioelectronics. This work examines the use of serum-albumin-based freestanding mats as macroscopic electron mediators in bioelectronic devices. In particular, this study focuses on how doping the protein mat with hemin improves charge-transport. It is demonstrated that doping can increase conductivity 40-fold via electron hopping between adjacent hemin molecules, resulting in the highest measured conductance for a protein-based material yet reported, and transport over centimeter length scales...
May 31, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559589/tuning-the-photoexcitation-response-of-cyanobacterial-photosystem-i-via-reconstitution-into-proteoliposomes
#11
Hanieh Niroomand, Dibyendu Mukherjee, Bamin Khomami
The role of natural thylakoid membrane housing of Photosystem I (PSI), the transmembrane photosynthetic protein, in its robust photoactivated charge separation with near unity quantum efficiency is not fundamentally understood. To this end, incorporation of suitable protein scaffolds for PSI incorporation is of great scientific and device manufacturing interest. Areas of interest include solid state bioelectronics, and photoelectrochemical devices that require bio-abio interfaces that do not compromise the photoactivity and photostability of PSI...
May 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552645/sculpting-neurotransmission-during-synaptic-development-by-2d-nanostructured-interfaces
#12
Niccolò Paolo Pampaloni, Denis Scaini, Fabio Perissinotto, Susanna Bosi, Maurizio Prato, Laura Ballerini
Carbon nanotube-based biomaterials critically contribute to the design of many prosthetic devices, with a particular impact in the development of bioelectronics components for novel neural interfaces. These nanomaterials combine excellent physical and chemical properties with peculiar nanostructured topography, thought to be crucial to their integration with neural tissue as long-term implants. The junction between carbon nanotubes and neural tissue can be particularly worthy of scientific attention and has been reported to significantly impact synapse construction in cultured neuronal networks...
May 25, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547815/balancing-the-autonomic-nervous-system-to-reduce-inflammation-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
F A Koopman, M A van Maanen, M J Vervoordeldonk, P P Tak
Imbalance in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) has been observed in many established chronic autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which is a prototypic immune-mediated inflammatory disease (IMID). We recently discovered that autonomic dysfunction precedes and predicts arthritis development in subjects at risk of developing seropositive RA. In addition, RA patients with relatively high vagus nerve tone (higher parasympathetic parameters, measured by heart rate variability) respond better to antirheumatic therapies...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546908/orientation-and-incorporation-of-photosystem-i-in-bioelectronics-devices-enabled-by-phage-display
#14
Pavlo Gordiichuk, Diego Pesce, Olga E Castañeda Ocampo, Alessio Marcozzi, Gert-Jan A H Wetzelaer, Avishek Paul, Mark Loznik, Ekaterina Gloukhikh, Shachar Richter, Ryan C Chiechi, Andreas Herrmann
Interfacing proteins with electrode surfaces is important for the field of bioelectronics. Here, a general concept based on phage display is presented to evolve small peptide binders for immobilizing and orienting large protein complexes on semiconducting substrates. Employing this method, photosystem I is incorporated into solid-state biophotovoltaic cells.
May 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537313/control-of-the-hierarchical-assembly-of-%C3%AF-conjugated-optoelectronic-peptides-by-ph-and-flow
#15
Rachael A Mansbach, Andrew L Ferguson
Self-assembled nanoaggregates of π-conjugated peptides possess optoelectronic properties due to electron delocalization over the conjugated peptide groups that make them attractive candidates for the fabrication of bioelectronic materials. We present a computational and theoretical study to resolve the microscopic effects of pH and flow on the non-equilibrium morphology and kinetics of early-stage assembly of an experimentally-realizable optoelectronic peptide that displays pH triggerable assembly. Employing coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations, we probe the effects of pH on growth kinetics and aggregate morphology to show that control of the peptide protonation state by pH can be used to modulate the assembly rates, degree of molecular alignment, and resulting morphologies within the self-assembling nanoaggregates...
May 24, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536475/a-simple-silver-nanowire-patterning-method-based-on-poly-ethylene-glycol-photolithography-and-its-application-for-soft-electronics
#16
Youngsang Ko, Jeonghun Kim, Dabum Kim, Yusuke Yamauchi, Jung Ho Kim, Jungmok You
Hydrogel-based flexible microelectrodes have garnered considerable attention recently for soft bioelectronic applications. We constructed silver nanowire (AgNW) micropatterns on various substrates, via a simple, cost-effective, and eco-friendly method without aggressive etching or lift-off processes. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) photolithography was employed to construct AgNW patterns with various shapes and sizes on the glass substrate. Based on a second hydrogel gelation process, AgNW patterns on glass substrate were directly transferred to the synthetic/natural hydrogel substrates...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535481/graphene-oxide-enzyme-hybrid-nanoflowers-for-efficient-water-soluble-dye-removal
#17
Hui Li, Jingwei Hou, Linlin Duan, Chao Ji, Yatao Zhang, Vicki Chen
High efficient enzyme immobilization on carbon based conductive supports could provide wide applications in energy and environmental science. Here, we synthesized a 3D flower-like structured self-assembly hybrid nanocomposite with copper phosphate, laccase, graphite oxide (GO) and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) via a facile one-pot strategy under mild conditions. The prepared nanocomposite exhibited very high enzyme loading and improved laccase activity. During the formation of the nanocomposite, the copper phosphate-laccase petals were interwined by CNTs, and GO nanosheets were further coated on the petal surface...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531834/bioelectrical-impedimetric-sensor-for-single-cell-analysis-based-on-nanoroughened-quartz-substrate-suitable-for-cancer-therapeutic-purposes
#18
Milad Gharooni, Mohammad Abdolahad
Single cells analysis has been interested in recent decade. Apart from scientific benefits to achieve new biological phenomena in cell study, many diagnostic and therapeutic protocols in non-communicable diseases were introduced by single cell analysis. Moreover, non-invasive methods to maintain the investigated cell for time dependent monitoring has been widely studied because of its importance in some crucial cases such as drug resistance in cancer. Bioelectrical monitoring is one of such methods Although the procedures reported based on electrical probing might not induce cell disruption, indirect connection between recording electrodes and cell membrane (mostly in microfluidic approaches) reduced the quality of response and limited the precision of the results...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516911/electrostatic-melting-in-a-single-molecule-field-effect-transistor-with-applications-in-genomic-identification
#19
Sefi Vernick, Scott M Trocchia, Steven B Warren, Erik F Young, Delphine Bouilly, Ruben L Gonzalez, Colin Nuckolls, Kenneth L Shepard
The study of biomolecular interactions at the single-molecule level holds great potential for both basic science and biotechnology applications. Single-molecule studies often rely on fluorescence-based reporting, with signal levels limited by photon emission from single optical reporters. The point-functionalized carbon nanotube transistor, known as the single-molecule field-effect transistor, is a bioelectronics alternative based on intrinsic molecular charge that offers significantly higher signal levels for detection...
May 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510430/nanoarchitecturing-of-natural-melanin-nanospheres-by-layer-by-layer-assembly-macroscale-anti-inflammatory-conductive-coatings-with-optoelectronic-tunability
#20
Taesik Eom, Kyungbae Woo, Whirang Cho, Jae Eun Heo, Daseul Jang, Jae In Shin, David C Martin, Jeong Jae Wie, Bong Sup Shim
Natural melanins are biocompatible conductors with versatile functionalities. Here, we report fabrication of multifunctional poly(vinyl alcohol)/melanin nanocomposites by layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly using melanin nanoparticles (MNPs) directly extracted from sepia officinalis inks. The LBL assembly offers facile manipulation of nanotextures as well as nm-thickness control of the macroscale film by varying solvent qualities. The time-resolved absorption was monitored during the process and quantitatively studied by fractal dimension and lacunarity analysis...
May 30, 2017: Biomacromolecules
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