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Byoung Chan Kim, Inseon Lee, Seok-Joon Kwon, Youngho Wee, Ki Young Kwon, Chulmin Jeon, Hyo Jin An, Hee-Tae Jung, Su Ha, Jonathan S Dordick, Jungbae Kim
CNTs need to be dispersed in aqueous solution for their successful use, and most methods to disperse CNTs rely on tedious and time-consuming acid-based oxidation. Here, we report the simple dispersion of intact multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by adding them directly into an aqueous solution of glucose oxidase (GOx), resulting in simultaneous CNT dispersion and facile enzyme immobilization through sequential enzyme adsorption, precipitation, and crosslinking (EAPC). The EAPC achieved high enzyme loading and stability because of crosslinked enzyme coatings on intact CNTs, while obviating the chemical pretreatment that can seriously damage the electron conductivity of CNTs...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Cong Li, Tingting Zhang, Jingyu Zhao, He Liu, Bo Zheng, Yue Gu, Xiaoyi Yan, Yaru Li, Nannan Lu, Zhiquan Zhang, Guodong Feng
The surface and interface could be designed to enhance properties of electrocatalysts, and they are regarded as the key characteristics. This report describes surface modification of a bifunctional rht-type metal-organic framework (MOF, Cu-TDPAT) with nanosized electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (n-ERGO). The hybrid strategy results in a Cu-TDPAT-n-ERGO sensor with sensitive and selective response toward hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Compared with Cu-TDPAT, Cu-TDPAT-n-ERGO exhibits significantly enhanced electrocatalytic activities, highlighting the importance of n-ERGO in boosting their electrocatalytic activity...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ni Hui, Xiaotian Sun, Shuyan Niu, Xiliang Luo
Biofouling arising from nonspecific adsorption is a substantial outstanding challenge in diagnostics and disease monitoring, and antifouling sensing interfaces capable of reducing the nonspecific adsorption of proteins from biological complex samples are highly desirable. We present herein, the preparation of novel composite nanofibers through the grafting of polyethylene glycol (PEG) polymer onto polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers, and their application in the development of antifouling electrochemical biosensors...
December 27, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Dmitry Kireev, Silke Seyock, Mathis Ernst, Vanessa Maybeck, Bernhard Wolfrum, Andreas Offenhäusser
Graphene is a promising material possessing features relevant to bioelectronics applications. Graphene microelectrodes (GMEAs), which are fabricated in a dense array on a flexible polyimide substrate, were investigated in this work for their performance via electrical impedance spectroscopy. Biocompatibility and suitability of the GMEAs for extracellular recordings were tested by measuring electrical activities from acute heart tissue and cardiac muscle cells. The recordings show encouraging signal-to-noise ratios of 65 ± 15 for heart tissue recordings and 20 ± 10 for HL-1 cells...
December 23, 2016: Biosensors
Damon James Carrad, Albertus Bernardus Mostert, Abu Rifat Ullah, Adam Matthew Burke, Hannah J Joyce, Hark Hoe Tan, Chennupati Jagadish, Dr Peter Krogstrup, Jesper Nygård, Paul Meredith, Adam Paul Micolich
A key task in the emerging field of bioelectronics is the transduction between ionic/protonic and electronic signals at high fidelity. This is a considerable challenge since the two carrier types exhibit intrinsically different physics and are best supported by very different materials types -- electronic signals in inorganic semiconductors and ionic/protonic signals in organic or bio-organic polymers, gels or electrolytes. Here we demonstrate a new class of organic-inorganic transducing interface featuring semiconducting nanowires electrostatically gated using a solid proton-transporting hygroscopic polymer...
December 21, 2016: Nano Letters
Hwi Jin Ko, Tai Hyun Park
There have been many trials to visualize smell using various techniques in order to objectively express the smell because information obtained from the sense of smell in human is very subjective. So far, well-trained experts such as a perfumer, complex and large-scale equipment such as GC-MS, and an electronic nose have played major roles in objectively detecting and recognizing odors. Recently, an optoelectronic nose was developed to achieve this purpose, but some limitations regarding the sensitivity and the number of smells that can be visualized still persist...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
Hyerim Jo, Myeongbu Sim, Semin Kim, Sumi Yang, Youngjae Yoo, Jin-Ho Park, Tae Ho Yoon, Min-Gon Kim, Jae Young Lee
: Graphene and graphene derivatives, such as graphene oxide (GO) and reduced GO (rGO), have been extensively employed as novel components of biomaterials because of their unique electrical and mechanical properties. These materials have also been used to fabricate electrically conductive biomaterials that can effectively deliver electrical signals to biological systems. Recently, increasing attention has been paid to electrically conductive hydrogels that have both electrical activity and a tissue-like softness...
October 27, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Takao Someya, Zhenan Bao, George G Malliaras
Plastic bioelectronics is a research field that takes advantage of the inherent properties of polymers and soft organic electronics for applications at the interface of biology and electronics. The resulting electronic materials and devices are soft, stretchable and mechanically conformable, which are important qualities for interacting with biological systems in both wearable and implantable devices. Work is currently aimed at improving these devices with a view to making the electronic-biological interface as seamless as possible...
December 14, 2016: Nature
Jihai Zhang, Tao Zhou, Liang Wen, Aiming Zhang
Nowadays, with the rapid development of portable electronics, wearable electronics, LEDs, microelectronics, and bioelectronics, the fabrication of metallic circuits onto polymer substrates with strong adhesion property is an ever-increasing challenge. In this study, the high-resolution and well-defined metallic circuits were successfully prepared on the polymer surface via laser direct structuring (LDS) based on copper hydroxyl phosphate [Cu2(OH)PO4], and the key mechanism of the selective metallization was systematically investigated...
December 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Dabum Kim, Jeonghun Kim, Youngsang Ko, Kyubin Shim, Jung Ho Kim, Jungmok You
We developed a novel strategy for fabricating poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) patterns on various substrates, including hydrogels, via sequential solution procedure without multistep chemical etching or lift-off processes. First, PEDOT nanothin films were prepared on a glass substrate by solution phase monomer casting and oxidative polymerization. As a second step, after UV-induced poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) photolithography at the PEDOT/PEG interface through a photomask, the hydrogel was peeled away from the PEDOT-coated glass substrate to detach the UV-exposed PEDOT region, which left the UV nonexposed PEDOT region intact on the glass substrate, resulting in PEDOT patterns...
December 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Manki Son, Daesan Kim, Jinkyung Kang, Jong Hyun Lim, Seung Hwan Lee, Hwi Jin Ko, Seunghun Hong, Tai Hyun Park
Salmonella infection is the one of the major causes of food borne illnesses including fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and nausea. Thus, early detection of Salmonella contamination is important for our healthy life. Conventional detection methods for the food contamination have limitations in sensitivity and rapidity; thus, the early detection has been difficult. Herein, we developed a bioelectronic nose using a carbon nanotube (CNT) field-effect transistor (FET) functionalized with Drosophila odorant binding protein (OBP)-derived peptide for easy and rapid detection of Salmonella contamination in ham...
December 6, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Celia M Pacheco-Moreno, Murielle Schreck, Alberto D Scaccabarozzi, Philippe Bourgun, Guillaume Wantz, Molly M Stevens, Olivier J Dautel, Natalie Stingelin
Chemical design criteria for materials for bioelectronics applications using a series of copolymer derivatives based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) are established. Directed chemical design via side-chain functionalization with polar groups allows manipulation of ion transport and ion-to-electron transduction. Insights gained will permit increased use of the plethora of materials employed in the organic electronics area for application in the bioelectronics field.
November 21, 2016: Advanced Materials
Tom Guterman, Micha Kornreich, Avigail Stern, Lihi Adler-Abramovich, Danny Porath, Roy Beck, Linda J W Shimon, Ehud Gazit
Mimicking the multifunctional bacterial type IV pili (T4Ps) nanofibres provides an important avenue towards the development of new functional nanostructured biomaterials. Yet, the development of T4Ps-based applications is limited by the inability to form these nanofibres in vitro from their pilin monomers. Here, to overcome this limitation, we followed a reductionist approach and designed a self-assembling pilin-based 20-mer peptide, derived from the presumably bioelectronic pilin of Geobacter sulfurreducens...
November 17, 2016: Nature Communications
C Medina-Plaza, J A de Saja, J A Fernández-Escudero, E Barajas, G Medrano, M L Rodriguez-Mendez
A bioelectronic tongue based on nanostructured biosensors specific for the simultaneous detection of sugars and phenols has been developed. The array combined oxidases and dehydrogenases immobilized on a lipidic layer prepared using the Langmuir-Blodgett technique where Glucose oxidase, d-Fructose dehydrogenase, Tyrosinase or Laccase were imbibed. A phthalocyanine was co-immobilized in the sensing layer and used as electron mediator. The array thus formed has been used to analyze grapes and provides global information about the samples while providing specific information about their phenolic and their sugar content...
December 1, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Wei Zhang, Peihua Chen, Lianqun Zhou, Zhen Qin, Keqiang Gao, Jia Yao, Chuanyu Li, Ping Wang
The perception of sour taste in mammals is important for its basic modality properties and avoiding toxic substances. We explore a biomimetic bioelectronic tongue, which integrate MEA (microelectrode array) and taste receptor cell for acid detection as a switch. However, the acid-sensing mechanism and coding of the taste receptor cells in the periphery is not well understood, with long-standing debate. Therefore, we firstly construct a Hodgkin-Huxley type mathematical model of whole-cell acid-sensing taste receptor cells based on the electrophysiologic patch clamp recordings with different acid sensitive receptor expressing and different acidic stimulations...
October 27, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kwangsun Song, Jung Hyun Han, Hyung Chae Yang, Kwang Il Nam, Jongho Lee
Medical electronic implants can significantly improve people's health and quality of life. These implants are typically powered by batteries, which usually have a finite lifetime and therefore must be replaced periodically using surgical procedures. Recently, subdermal solar cells that can generate electricity by absorbing light transmitted through skin have been proposed as a sustainable electricity source to power medical electronic implants in bodies. However, the results to date have been obtained with animal models...
November 3, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Wei Zhou, Xiaochuan Dai, Charles M Lieber
Semiconductor nanowires represent powerful building blocks for next generation bioelectronics given their attractive properties, including nanometer-scale footprint comparable to subcellular structures and bio-molecules, configurable in nonstandard device geometries readily interfaced with biological systems, high surface-to-volume ratios, fast signal responses, and minimum consumption of energy. In this review article, we summarize recent progress in the field of nanowire bioelectronics with a focus primarily on silicon nanowire field-effect transistor biosensors...
January 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
Hasan Bagheri, Abbas Afkhami, Hosein Khoshsafar, Ali Hajian, Alireza Shahriyari
A biocompatible nanocomposite including bovine serum albumin (BSA) template Cu nanoclusters (CuNCs@BSA) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) was synthesized to fabricate a highly sensitive electrochemical biosensor for paraoxon as a model of organophosphates. The UV-vis, fluorescence and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) demonstrated that BSA entrapped in the nanocomposite film have been changed in its secondary structure so that it provided an enzyme like activity attributing to the high electrical conductivity of the entrapped copper nanoclusters...
March 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Tran Duy Thanh, Jayaraman Balamurugan, Nguyen Thanh Tuan, Hun Jeong, Seung Hee Lee, Nam Hoon Kim, Joong Hee Lee
A novel hierarchical nanoporous thin film of AuPt alloy embedded in graphene (AuPt@GR) was successfully synthesized through the self-assembly of ultrafine AuPt nanoparticles (~3nm) within GR sheets by means of a facile chemical vapor deposition (CVD) procedure without the use of any external organic capping agent and reducing agent. A binder-free sensor based on the AuPt@GR hybrid material was fabricated and its electrocatalytic activity was evaluated by using it to determine epinephrine (EP) in PBS solution (pH=7...
March 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Derek R Lovley
The discovery of direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) and cable bacteria has demonstrated that microbial cells can exchange electrons over long distances (μm-cm) through electrical connections. For example, in the presence of cable bacteria electrons are rapidly transported over centimeter distances, coupling the oxidation of reduced sulfur compounds in anoxic sediments to oxygen reduction in overlying surficial sediments. Bacteria and archaea wired for DIET are found in anaerobic methane-producing and methane-consuming communities...
November 1, 2016: ISME Journal
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