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Manijeh Noori, Per Thayssen, Karsten Tange Veien, Anders Junker, Knud Nørregaard Hansen, Henrik Steen Hansen, Lisette Okkels Jensen
INTRODUCTION: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a new method to identify lipid core plaque (LCP). The LCP and vascular response were assessed with NIRS to examine whether LCP was compressed or redistributed during percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation. METHODS: In 25 patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) NIRS acquisition was performed after predilation, stent implantation with nominal pressure and high-pressure post-dilation with a non-compliant balloon...
December 27, 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Zhuo Zeng, Ping Zheng, Aqiang Ding, Meng Zhang, Ghulam Abbas, Wei Li
Swine wastewater is one of the most serious pollution sources, and it has attracted a great public concern in China. Anaerobic digestion technology is extensively used in swine wastewater treatment. However, the anaerobic digestion effluents are difficult to meet the discharge standard. The results from batch experiments showed that plenty of refractory organic matter remained in the effluents after mesophilic anaerobic digestion for 30 days. The effluent total COD (tCOD) and soluble COD (sCOD) were 483 and 324 mg/L, respectively, with the sCOD/tCOD ratio of 0...
January 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiaolin Hou, Sitong Liu, Ying Feng
Anammox is a cost-effective process to treat nitrogenous wastewater. In this work, excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy was used to characterize the intracellular and extracellular substances of anammox sludge during reactor operation of 276 days. Four main fluorophores were identified from the intracellular substances. Two main protein-like fluorophores were identified from the extracellular substances. Correlation analysis revealed that intracellular 420 peak and humic-like peak had strong correlation with nitrogen removal rate...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Liyang Yang, Wan-E Zhuang, Chen-Tung Arthur Chen, Bing-Jye Wang, Fu-Wen Kuo
The submarine hydrothermal systems are extreme environments where active cycling of dissolved organic matter (DOM) may occur. However, little is known about the optical properties and bioavailability of hydrothermal DOM, which could provide valuable insights into its transformation processes and biogeochemical reactivity. The quantity, quality, and bioavailability of DOM were investigated for four very different hydrothermal vents east of Taiwan, using dissolved organic carbon (DOC), absorption spectroscopy, and fluorescence excitation-emission matrices-parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC)...
January 3, 2017: Water Research
Jianhua Li, Ya Zhang, Jianbiao Peng, Xinan Wu, Shixiang Gao, Liang Mao
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is ubiquitous in water and involved in numerous important chemical processes in aqueous systems, enabling it a unique challenge for a variety of water treatment processes. Soybean peroxidase (SBP)-based enzymatic process, as a promising treatment technique, has been successfully applied to remove pollutants in wastewaters such as coal-tar and refinery wastewater. In this study, the effect of DOM on the removal of polychlorinated aromatic antimicrobials triclosan (TCS) by SBP was investigated...
January 5, 2017: Chemosphere
Poh-Kheng Ng, Showe-Mei Lin, Phaik-Eem Lim, Li-Chia Liu, Chien-Ming Chen, Tun-Wen Pai
BACKGROUND: The chloroplast genome of Gracilaria firma was sequenced in view of its role as an economically important marine crop with wide industrial applications. To date, there are only 15 chloroplast genomes published for the Florideophyceae. Apart from presenting the complete chloroplast genome of G. firma, this study also assessed the utility of genome-scale data to address the phylogenetic relationships within the subclass Rhodymeniophycidae. The synteny and genome structure of the chloroplast genomes across the taxa of Eurhodophytina was also examined...
January 6, 2017: BMC Genomics
Lixiao Ni, Lili Su, Shiyin Li, Peifang Wang, Dandan Li, Xiang Ye, Yi Li, Yong Li, Yiping Li, Chao Wang
This study examines the uptake of the heavy metal cadmium (Cd) by Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) in the presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM) from different origins. The DOM used in this study were extracted from soil, sediment taken from Meiliang Bay at Taihu Lake and from M. aeruginosa cultured in the laboratory. The three different DOM were characterized using UV-visible absorption spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy was used to characterize the interactions of DOM with Cd(2+) ...
January 2, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Dong Qing Zhang, Chin Yee Eng, David C Stuckey, Yan Zhou
The effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) on the performance of an anoxic-aerobic submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR), and the characterization of the soluble microbial products (SMPs) produced in the presence of ZnO NPs was evaluated. Continuous operation over 144 days showed that ZnO NPs at concentrations of 10 and 50 mg/L exerted a negative impact on chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nitrogen removal, although ZnO NPs were efficiently removed in the MBR (>92%). 10 and 50 mg/L ZnO NPs decreased COD removal substantially from 93...
December 21, 2016: Chemosphere
Jingtian Zhang, Mingzhou Su, Beidou Xi, Guangren Qian, Jianyong Liu, Fei Hua, Shouliang Huo
The algal uptake of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in the anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A2O) process was investigated in this study. Anaerobic, aerobic and effluent DON samples from two wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) were separated into hydrophilic and hydrophobic fractions using a DAX-8 resin coupled with an anion exchange resin and a nanofiltration (NF) pretreatment. Hydrophilic DON accounted for 66.66%-88.74% of the entire DON for the two plants evaluated. After a 15-day incubation, 16.95%-91.75% DON was bioavailable for algal growth, and untreated samples exhibited higher DON bioavailability, with 52...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Guocheng Huang, Tsz Wai Ng, Taicheng An, Guiying Li, Dehua Xia, Ho Yin Yip, Huijun Zhao, Po Keung Wong
Photocatalysis provides a "green" and effective strategy for water disinfection. During the photocatalytic disinfection process, intracellular organic matter (IOM) from bacterial cells may be released into the bulk solution. In this study, the role of released IOM in the photocatalytic bacterial inactivation was investigated by fractionation procedure and fluorescence excitation-emission-matrix (EEM) combined with parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) approaches. The normal bacterial cells treated by TiO2-UVA in the presence and absence with fractionated IOM results implied that the released IOM would be either absorbed on the surface of the photocatalysts or reacted by the photo-generated reactive species, and thereby affecting the kinetics of photocatalytic bacterial inactivation...
December 21, 2016: Water Research
Milad Rabbani Esfahani, Vasanta L Pallem, Holly A Stretz, Martha J M Wells
The interaction of macromolecules with gold nanoparticles (GNPs) is of interest in the emerging field of biomedical and environmental detection devices. However, the physicochemical properties, including spectra, of GNPs in aqueous solution in the absence of metal-macromolecular interactions must first be considered before their activity in biological and environmental systems can be understood. The specific objective of this research was to experimentally illuminate the role of nanoparticle core size on the spectral (simultaneous consideration of extinction, emission, and scattering) versus aggregation behaviors of citrate-coated GNPs (CT-GNPs)...
December 5, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Hao Chen, Zhenliang Liao, Xianyong Gu, Jiaqiang Xie, Huaizheng Li, Jin Zhang
The quality of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in a wet weather overflow (WWF) can be broadly influenced by anthropogenic factors, such as non-point sources of paved runoff and point sources of sanitary sewage within the drainage networks. This study focused on the anthropogenic influences of the paved runoff and sanitary sewage on the DOM quality of WWF using Excitation-Emission Matrix - Parallel Factor Analysis (EEM-PARAFAC). Results show that: (1) EEM-PARAFAC fitted terrestrial humic-like, anthropogenic humic-like, tryptophan-like and tyrosine-like components can be regarded as indicators to identify the types of sewage overflows and the illicit connection status of drainage systems...
December 23, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Nicolas Ferretto, Marc Tedetti, Catherine Guigue, Stéphane Mounier, Patrick Raimbault, Madeleine Goutx
The spatio-temporal variability of fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) and its relationships with physical (temperature, salinity) and chemical (nutrients, chlorophyll a, dissolved and particulate organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus) parameters were investigated in inland waters of the Rhône River delta and the Fos-Marseille marine area (northwestern Mediterranean, France). Samples were taken approximately twice per month in two inland sites and three marine sites from February 2011 to January 2012...
December 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Zulong Xie, Nana Dong, Rong Sun, Xinxin Liu, Xia Gu, Yong Sun, Hongwei Du, Jiannan Dai, Youbin Liu, Jingbo Hou, Jinwei Tian, Bo Yu
Atherosclerosis often leads to myocardial infarction and stroke. We examined the influence of baseline plaque characteristics on subsequent vascular remodeling in response to changes in plaque size. Using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), we examined 213 plaques from 138 patients with acute coronary syndrome at baseline and repeated IVUS at the 12-month follow-up. The change in external elastic membrane (EEM) area for each 1 mm2 change in plaque area (i.e., the slope of the regression line) was calculated as a measure of vascular remodeling capacity...
December 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Na Li, Dong Wei, Shaotong Wang, Lihua Hu, Weiying Xu, Bin Du, Qin Wei
This study was carried out to comparatively evaluate the role of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in biosorption of Ni(II) onto aerobic/anaerobic granular sludge (AGS and AnGS). Batch sorption experiments data suggested that Ni(II) sorption onto AGS and AnGS were better fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich model, respectively. The contribution of EPS in the sorption of AnGS was higher than that of AGS. Interaction between EPS and Ni(II) was investigated by a combined three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3D-EEM), synchronous fluorescence spectra, two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Hong-Yang Cui, Yue Zhao, Yan-Ni Chen, Xu Zhang, Xue-Qin Wang, Qian Lu, Li-Ming Jia, Zi-Min Wei
Improper treatment of organic waste may result in environmental pollution and harm to plant growth due to the high concentration of phytotoxin. Composting has widely been used for recycling organic waste and reducing phytotoxin to improve soil properties. Assessing the phytotoxicity grades of compost products is essential for achieving high quality compost to guarantee its marketability. In this study, a technique combined parallel factor (PARAFAC) of excitation-emission matrices (EEMs) spectroscopy with projection pursuit regression (PPR) was applied to improve the sensitivity of phytotoxicity assessment during composting...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Jukka Pajarinen, Tzu-Hua Lin, Akira Nabeshima, Eemeli Jämsen, Laura Lu, Karthik Nathan, Zhenyu Yao, Stuart B Goodman
Periprosthetic osteolysis remains as the main long-term complication of total joint replacement surgery. Research over four decades has established implant wear as the main culprit for chronic inflammation in the peri-implant tissues and macrophages as the key cells mediating the host reaction to implant-derived wear particles. Wear debris activated macrophages secrete inflammatory mediators that stimulate bone resorbing osteoclasts; thus bone loss in the peri-implant tissues is increased. However, the balance of bone turnover is not only dictated by osteoclast-mediated bone resorption but also by the formation of new bone by osteoblasts; under physiological conditions these two processes are tightly coupled...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Euis Nurul Hidayah, Yung-Chen Chou, Hsuan-Hsien Yeh
In this study, natural organic matter (NOM) in source water, as well as the treated water after coagulation with or without potassium permanganate (KMnO4) preoxidation, was characterized by using high performance size exclusion chromatography with organic carbon detector (HPSEC-OCD) and fluorescence excitation emission matrices (F-EEMs) with parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis. Bulk parameters, such as dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and ultraviolet light absorbance at 254 nm (UV254), were also analyzed. The results show that KMnO4 preoxidation caused the breakdown of high molecular weight (MW) organics into low MW organics...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
N L P Andrews, J Z Fan, R L Forward, M C Chen, H-P Loock
The thermal, oxidative and photochemical stability of the scintillator liquid proposed for the SNO+ experiment has been tested experimentally using accelerated aging methods. The stability of the scintillator constituents was determined through fluorescence excitation emission matrix (EEM) spectroscopy and absorption spectroscopy, using parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) as an multivariate analysis tool. By exposing the scintillator liquid to a well-known photon flux at 365 nm and by measuring the decay rate of the fluorescence shifters and the formation rate of their photochemical degradation products, we can place an upper limit on the acceptable photon flux as 1...
December 21, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Fei Chen, Qi Yang, Jian Sun, Fubing Yao, Shana Wang, Yali Wang, Xiaolin Wang, Xiaoming Li, Chenggang Niu, Dongbo Wang, Guangming Zeng
Recently, visible-light-driven photocatalysis is of great interest in the environmental pollutant remediation. In the present study, a novel heterostructured photocatalyst AgI/BiVO4 was synthesized by an in situ precipitation procedure. The AgI/BiVO4 heterojunctions exhibited excellent photoactivity for the refractory pollutant (tetracycline (TC), a typical antibiotic) decomposition under visible light illumination. The synthetic sample with 1:4 mass ratio of AgI:BiVO4 possessed the highest photocatalytic performance in all of the as-prepared catalysts...
December 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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