Read by QxMD icon Read


Lena Nadarevic
People typically remember emotionally negative words better than neutral words. Two experiments are reported that investigate whether emotionally enhanced memory (EEM) for negatively arousing words is based on a storage or retrieval advantage. Participants studied non-word-word pairs that either involved negatively arousing or neutral target words. Memory for these target words was tested by means of a recognition test and a cued-recall test. Data were analysed with a multinomial model that allows the disentanglement of storage and retrieval processes in the present recognition-then-cued-recall paradigm...
October 14, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
Nazmiye Cemre Birben, Ayse Tomruk, Miray Bekbolet
Solar photocatalytic disinfection efficiency of novel visible light activated (VLA) photocatalysts was evaluated with the aim of assessing inactivation of Escherichia coli as the pathogen indicator organism present in drinking water. Influence of humic acid (HA) on the photocatalytic disinfection efficiency of the specified VLA TiO2 specimens i.e., N-doped, Se-doped, and Se-N co-doped TiO2 was also investigated. Photocatalytic disinfection efficiency was assessed by the enumeration of bacteria following selected irradiation periods...
October 6, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
S García Ballesteros, M Costante, R Vicente, M Mora, A M Amat, A Arques, L Carlos, F S García Einschlag
In this work, analysis of excitation-emission-matrices (EEM) has been employed to gain further insight into the characterization of humic like substances (HLS) obtained from urban wastes (soluble bio-organic substances, SBOs). In particular, complexation of these substances with iron and changes along a photo-Fenton process have been studied. Recorded EEMs were decomposed by using parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC). Three fluorescent components were identified by PARAFAC modeling of the entire set of SBO solutions studied...
September 29, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
N C Birben, M C Paganini, P Calza, M Bekbolet
This study aimed at investigating the photocatalytic degradation of humic acid (HA) as a representative of natural organic matter (NOM) by using Ce-doped ZnO as a novel material. Following photocatalysis, HA degradation was characterized by specified UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopic parameters as well as by the dissolved organic carbon (NPOC) content. Excitation-Emission Matrix (EEM) fluorescence features were also evaluated by using advanced techniques. Comparison of Ce-doped ZnO photocatalysis to TiO2 P-25 photocatalytic treatment of the HA samples was elucidated under similar experimental conditions...
September 8, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Lei Yu, Qing-Wen Tang, Yu-Jia Zhang, Rong-Ping Chen, Xin Liu, Wei-Chuan Qiao, Wen-Wei Li, Hong-Hua Ruan, Xin Song
In this work, the effect of cultivation factors on the flocculation efficiency (FE) of bioflocculant P-GS408 from Klebsiella oxytoca was optimized by the response surface methodology. The most significant factor, i.e. culture time, was determined by gray relational analysis. A total of 240 mg of purified P-GS408 was prepared from 1 liter of culture solution under the optimal conditions. GC-MS analysis results indicated that the polysaccharide of P-GS408 mainly contains Rhamnose and Galactose, and the existence of abundant hydroxyl, carboxyl and amino groups was evidenced by FTIR and XPS analyses...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Zhaokun Xiong, Jinyan Cao, Dan Yang, Bo Lai, Ping Yang
A coagulation-flocculation as pre-treatment combined with mFe/Cu/O3 (CF-mFe/Cu/O3) process was developed to degrade the pollutants in automobile coating wastewater (ACW). In coagulation-flocculation (CF) process, high turbidity removal efficiency (97.1%) and low COD removal efficiency (10.5%) were obtained under the optimal conditions using Al2(SO4)3·18H2O and CaO. The effluent of CF process (ECF) was further disposed by mFe/Cu/O3 process, and its key operating parameters were optimized by batch experiments...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Jie Fu, Wan-Ning Lee, Clark Coleman, Melissa Meyer, Jason Carter, Kirk Nowack, Ching-Hua Huang
A pilot study employing two parallel trains of two-stage biofiltration, i.e., a sand/anthracite (SA) biofilter followed by a biologically-active granular activated carbon (GAC) contactor, was conducted to test the efficiency, feasibility and stability of biofiltration for removing natural organic matter (NOM) after coagulation in a drinking water treatment plant. Results showed the biofiltration process could effectively remove turbidity (<0.1 NTU in all effluents) and NOM (>24% of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), >57% of UV254, and >44% of SUVA254), where the SA biofilters showed a strong capacity for turbidity removal, while the GAC contactors played the dominant role in NOM removal...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Eemeli Jämsen, Vesa-Petteri Kouri, Mari Ainola, Stuart B Goodman, Dan C Nordström, Kari K Eklund, Jukka Pajarinen
Aseptic loosening and osteolysis of joint replacements are driven by macrophage-mediated inflammatory reactions to implant-derived wear debris, but many aspects of these events remain poorly characterized. To better understand the relationships among inflammatory and chemotactic mediators, macrophage phenotype and polarizing cytokines, osteoclast activity, and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the pathogenesis of aseptic loosening, we determined how the relative expressions of these factors in the peri-implant tissues correlate to each other and to the life span of the implants using Pearson correlation...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Sahan A Ranamukhaarachchi, Ramila H Peiris, Christine Moresoli
The potential of intrinsic fluorescence and principal component analysis (PCA) to characterize the antioxidant capacity of soy protein hydrolysates (SPH) during sequential ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) was evaluated. SPH was obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of soy protein isolate. Antioxidant capacity was measured by Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) and Folin Ciocalteau Reagent (FCR) assays together with fluorescence excitation-emission matrices (EEM). PCA of the fluorescence EEMs revealed two principal components (PC1-tryptophan, PC2-tyrosine) that captured significant variance in the fluorescence spectra...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Penghui Li, Sang Hee Lee, Soo Hyung Lee, Jun-Bae Lee, Yun Kyung Lee, Hyun-Sang Shin, Jin Hur
Many drinking water supplies are located in forested watersheds, which operate as an important source of dissolved organic matter (DOM). In this study, monthly sampling campaigns were conducted from a reservoir (Daecheong Reservoir, South Korea) and its forested tributaries for five consecutive months (June to October) to examine the variations of DOM composition. Excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectroscopy combined with parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC) was applied to track the variations of different fluorescent components within bulk DOM...
September 23, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Viet Ly Quang, Hyun-Chul Kim, Tahir Maqbool, Jin Hur
Ultrafiltration (UF) membrane fouling caused by terrestrial input of dissolved organic matter (DOM), especially during high flood periods, is poorly understood. In this study, we examined the fouling characteristics of three different terrestrial humic substances (HS) on regenerated cellulose (RC) UF membranes with the pore sizes of 30 k-3 kDa via conventional bulk HS measurements as well as an advanced fluorescence spectroscopy. The fluorescence excitation-emission matrix coupled with parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC) identified one protein-like (C1) and three humic-like fluorescent components (C2-C4) from soil and leaf-derived HS...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Jian Sun, Liang Guo, Qianqian Li, Yangguo Zhao, Mengchun Gao, Zonglian She, Chunji Jin
Heat pretreatment process can promote sludge hydrolysis and enhance the degradability of waste sludge. The effect of heat pretreatment at different temperatures on the changes of soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), carbohydrates, and proteins and the structural and functional properties of organics in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and dissolved organic matters (DOM) were systematically investigated. Heat pretreatment was conducted at 65, 80, 100, and 121 °C for 30 min. The SCOD in DOM increased with pretreated temperatures...
September 16, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Kai Li, Dong Wei, Tao Yan, Bin Du, Qin Wei
The objective of this study was to evaluate the responses of soluble microbial products (SMP) and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) to the presence of toxic 2,6-dichlorophenol (2,6-DCP) in aerobic granular sludge (AGS) system. Batch experiment showed that NH4(+)-N removal efficiency significantly decreased from 99.6% to 47.2% in the toxic 2,6-DCP of 20 mg/L. Moreover, the inhibition degrees of 2,6-DCP on (SOUR)H, [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] were 7.8%, 32.1% and 9.5%, respectively. The main components of SMP, including protein (PN) and polysaccharide (PS) increased from 2...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Diep Dinh Phong, Jin Hur
Non-catalytic and catalytic photodegradation of effluent dissolved organic matter (EfDOM) was examined under two different light sources (UVA and UVC). The degradation behavior was tracked by dissolved organic carbon (DOC), UV absorbance, and different fluorescent components. Catalytic UV irradiation resulted in much higher degradation rates than those without photocatalysts (TiO2 and ZnO) regardless of the tracking variables. For non-catalytic degradation, the highest removal rates of UV absorbance were found at wavelengths close to the irradiation of either UVC or UVA, while the photocatalytic degradation rates were consistently higher at longer wavelengths...
November 15, 2016: Water Research
Guocheng Zhu, Chuang Wang, Xingwei Dong
Landfill leachate contains a variety of organic matters, some of which can be excited and emit fluorescence signal. In order to degrade these organic matters, the pre-treatment of the leachate is needed, which can improve the degradation performance of posting treatment process. Coagulation-flocculation is one of the important pre-treatment processes to treat landfill leachate. Assessing the chemical compositions of landfill leachate is helpful to the understanding of their sources and fates as well as the mechanistic behaviors in the water environment...
September 9, 2016: Environmental Technology
Qingcai Chen, Fumikazu Ikemori, Michihiro Mochida
The present study used a combination of solvent and solid-phase extractions to fractionate organic compounds with different polarities from total suspended particulates in Nagoya, Japan, and their optical characteristics were obtained on the basis of their UV-visible absorption spectra and excitation-emission matrices (EEMs). The relationship between their optical characteristics and chemical structures was investigated based on high-resolution aerosol mass spectra (HR-AMS spectra), soft ionization mass spectra and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Linlin Han, Bingbing Xu, Fei Qi, Zhonglin Chen
Critical algal blooms in great lakes increase the level of algal organic matters (AOMs), significantly altering the composition of natural organic matters (NOMs) in freshwater of lake. This study examined the AOM's characteristics of Nitzschia palea (N. palea), one kind of the predominant diatom and an important biomarker of water quality in the great lakes of China, to investigate the effect of AOMs on the variation of NOMs in lakes and the process of algal energy. Excitation-emission matrix fluorescence (EEM) spectroscopy, synchronous fluorescence (SF) spectroscopy and deconvolution UV-vis (D-UV) spectroscopy were utilized to characterize AOMs to study the effects of nutrient loading on the composition change of AOMs...
September 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Haidong Hu, Hongqiang Ren
This study investigated the applicability of fluorescence excitation-emission matrices coupled with parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC) for predicting dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and bioavailable DON (ABDON) in wastewater effluents. A four component PARAFAC model was developed using 40 EEMs of effluent samples from four full-scale wastewater treatment plants. The DON showed a poor correlation with the PARAFAC components (-0.117 < r < 0.308, p = 0.053-0.471), while ABDON correlated significantly with protein-like components C2 (r = 0...
December 2016: Chemosphere
S Sanllorente, L A Sarabia, M C Ortiz
Primary aromatic amines, PAAs, and their derivatives constitute a health risk and control of their migration from food contact materials is the subject of permanent attention by the authorities. 25.1% of notifications made by Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed in the European Union between 2010 and 2015 concerned PAAs, polyamide cooking utensils being a common source. It is thus useful to have fast and efficient analytical methods for their control. In this work a non-separative, easy, fast and inexpensive spectrofluorimetric method based on the second order calibration of excitation-emission fluorescence matrices (EEMs) was proposed for the determination of aniline (ANL), 2,4-diaminotoluene (2,4-TDA) and 4,4'-methylenedianiline (4,4'-MDA) in polyamide cooking utensils...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
Ana Carolina de Oliveira Neves, Romá Tauler, Kássio Michell Gomes de Lima
This work demonstrates the use of a new additional constraint for the Multivariate Curve Resolution-Alternating Least Squares (MCR-ALS) algorithm called "area correlation constraint", introduced to build calibration models for Excitation Emission Matrix (EEM) data. We propose the application of area correlation constraint MCR-ALS for the quantification of cholesterol using a simulated data set and an experimental data system (cholesterol in a ternary mixture). This new constraint includes pseudo-univariate local regressions using the area of resolved profiles against reference values during the alternating least squares optimization, to provide directly accurate quantifications of a specific analyte in concentration units...
September 21, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"