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electrode sensor

Seyed Alireza Shahamirifard, Mehrorang Ghaedi, Zahra Razmi, Shaaker Hajati
The determination of gallic acid (GA) and uric acid (UA) is essential due to their biological properties. Numerous methods have been reported for the analysis of GA and UA in various real samples. However, the development of a simple, rapid and practical sensor still remains a great challenge. Here, a carbon paste electrode (CPE) was modified by nanocomposite containing zirconia nanoparticles (ZrO2 NPs), Choline chloride (ChCl) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to construct ZrO2 -ChCl-AuNPs/CPE as electrochemical sensor for the simultaneous electro-oxidation of GA and UA...
May 8, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
X Luo, M Huang, D He, M Wang, Y Zhang, P Jiang
High electrical conductivity and the exposure to more active sites are crucial to boost the performance of a glucose sensor. A porous binary metal oxide nanoarray integrated on a binder-free 3D electrode is expected to offer a highly sensitive sensing platform. As a model, porous NiCo2O4 nanowire arrays supported on carbon cloth (NiCo2O4 NWA/CC) have been prepared and used for enzyme-free glucose sensing. NiCo2O4 NWA/CC shows larger effective surface area, superior electronic conductivity, and higher catalytic activity towards enzyme-free glucose sensing, with a linear range from 1 μM to 0...
May 18, 2018: Analyst
Gabriel Gaál, Tatiana A da Silva, Vladimir Gaál, Rafael C Hensel, Lucas R Amaral, Varlei Rodrigues, Antonio Riul
Nowadays, one of the biggest issues addressed to electronic sensor fabrication is the build-up of efficient electrodes as an alternative way to the expensive, complex and multistage processes required by traditional techniques. Printed electronics arises as an interesting alternative to fulfill this task due to the simplicity and speed to stamp electrodes on various surfaces. Within this context, the Fused Deposition Modeling 3D printing is an emerging, cost-effective and alternative technology to fabricate complex structures that potentiates several fields with more creative ideas and new materials for a rapid prototyping of devices...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Ran Cao, Xianjie Pu, Xinyu Du, Wei Yang, Jiaona Wang, Hengyu Guo, Shuyu Zhao, Zuqing Yuan, Chi Zhang, Congju Li, Zhong Lin Wang
Electronic textile (E-textile) with designable electric circuit and multi-functionalities holds great application prospect for future wearable electronics. However, most of the E-textiles still have critical challenges, including air permeability, satisfactory washability and massive fabrication. In this work, we fabricate a washable E-textile that addresses all of the concerns and show its application as a self-powered triboelectric gesture textile for intelligent human-machine interface. Utilizing conductive carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and screen-printing technology, this kind of E-textile embraces high conductivity (0...
May 17, 2018: ACS Nano
Haitang Yang, Xiaoyu Zhao, Haibo Chang, Ruimin Xing, Jing-He Yang, Shanhu Liu, D Xiuhua Liu
A novel chemically modified electrode was constructed in this study based on the carbon nanotubes-supported Pd nanoparticles (Pd/CNTs). It was demonstrated that the sensor could be used for the determination of dopamine (DA) and paracetamol (PA). The measurements were carried out through application of cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and amperometric i-t curve. Under optimum conditions and using the amperometric i-t curve method, the modified electrode provided linear response versus dopamine concentrations in the range of 0...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Hamid R Lotfi Zadeh Zhad, Rebecca Y Lai
We report, for the first time, the use of a 13-amino-acid peptide sequence derived from the calcium-binding site of E-cadherin in the fabrication of an electrochemical peptide-based (E-PB) Pb(II) sensor. The sensing mechanism is analogous to that of previously developed E-PB sensors. Binding of Pb(II) rigidifies the surface-immobilized and methylene blue (MB)-modified peptide probe, thereby limiting the accessibility of the tethered MB to the electrode surface. This change in probe flexibility results in a reduction in the MB current that is dependent on the target concentration...
May 16, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Xiaofei Zhu, Yinhui Ju, Jian Chen, Deye Liu, Hong Liu
We report a non-enzymatic wearable sensor for electrochemical analysis of perspiration glucose. Multi-potential steps are applied on a Au electrode, including a high negative pretreatment potential step for proton reduction which produc-es a localized alkaline condition, a moderate potential step for electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose under the alkaline condi-tion, and a positive potential step to clean and reactivate the electrode surface for the next detection. Fluorocarbon-based materials were coated on the Au electrode for improving the selectivity and robustness of the sensor...
May 16, 2018: ACS Sensors
Mingyang Liu, Yanjun Chen, Chaoran Qin, Zheng Zhang, Shuai Ma, Xiuru Cai, Xueqian Li, Yifeng Wang
The electrodeposition of graphene has drawn considerable attention due to its appealing applications for sensors, supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries. However, there are still some limitations in the current electrodeposition methods for graphene. Here, we present a novel electrodeposition method for the direct deposition of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) with chitosan. In this method, a 2-hydroxypropyltrimethylammonium chloride-based chitosan-modified rGO material was prepared. This material disperses homogenously in the chitosan solution, forming a deposition solution with good dispersion stability...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Rukiye Ayranci, Fatma Ozturk Kirbay, Dilek Odaci Demirkol, Metin Ak, Suna Timur
Simple, rapid and effective fluorescence sensing platform have been fabricated using fluorescent conducting polymer surface. For this purpose, a rhodamine based electroactive monomer (RDC) and a functional group containing monomer (SNS) have been copolymerized to develop a conducting polymer based sensor platform having a fluorescence and enzyme-binding surface on ITO electrode. The proposed fluorescence sensing mechanism for detection glucose is related to the consumption of dissolved oxygen at double layer of the electrode which is fluorescence quenching agent by glucose-GOx reaction...
May 16, 2018: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
Ruyuan Jiang, Niantao Liu, Sanshuang Gao, Xamxikamar Mamat, Yuhong Su, Thomas Wagberg, Yongtao Li, Xun Hu, Guangzhi Hu
A simple and easy method was implemented for the contemporary detection of cadmium (Cd2+ ) and lead (Pb2+ ) ions using 1,3,6,8-pyrenetetrasulfonic acid sodium salt-functionalized carbon nanotubes nanocomposites (PyTS⁻CNTs). The morphology and composition of the obtained PyTS⁻CNTs were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The experimental results confirmed that the fabricated PyTS⁻CNTs exhibited good selectivity and sensitivity for metal ion-sensing owing to the insertion of sulfonic acid groups...
May 15, 2018: Sensors
Mirelis Santos-Cancel, Robert Alexander Lazenby, Ryan J White
In this manuscript, we employ the technique intermittent pulse amperometry (IPA) to interrogate equilibrium and kinetic target binding to the surface of electrochemical, aptamer-based (E-AB) sensors, achieving as fast as 2 ms time resolution. E-AB sensors comprise an electrode surface modified with a flexible nucleic acid aptamer tethered at the 3'-terminus with a redox-active molecule. The introduction of a target changes the conformation and flexibility of the nucleic acid which alters the charge transfer rate of the appended redox molecule...
May 15, 2018: ACS Sensors
Xiaowen Xu, Tianhan Li
A hand-held electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor with capacitive coupling is designed in this study that can rapidly detect ECG signals through clothing. This new device improves many deficiencies of the traditional ECG monitor, such as infection due to direct skin contacting, inconvenience, and time-consuming. In specificity, the hand-held ECG monitor consists of two parts, a sensor and an embedded terminal. ECG signals are initially detected by a sensing electrode placed on the chest through clothing, then treated by single ended differential amplification, filtering and master amplification, and later processed through A/D conversion and ECG signal transmission by CC2540 module...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
Junxing Hao, Kangbing Wu, Chidan Wan, Yong Tang
Developing reliable and feasible electrochemical sensors for the detection of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is important because the urinary level of 8-OHdG is related to cancer disease. Moreover, the co-existed uric acid (UA) as an interference severe affects the sensitive detection of 8-OHdG. Herein, sensitive monitoring of 8-OHdG was conducted using a nanocomposite of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO@rGO) as the sensing material. This nanocomposite was prepared via in-situ reduction of GO with Zn powders...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
Shuo Li, Sheng Lei, Qian Yu, Lina Zou, Baoxian Ye
A novel high-sensitive electrochemical sensor with glassy carbon electrode (GCE) as support for hyperin determination is successfully designed and constructed, and the well-shaped nano-meter modified material is synthesized via a one-step and facile route. Functionalized with surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs) are synchronously grafted with ZrO2 nanoparticles to develop into the as-prepared nano-composite (ZrO2 -SDS-SWCNTs). Compared to the previous reports related with hyperin detection, the linear range gets wider and detection limit (LOD) becomes lower with the aid of this novel nano-composite modified glassy carbon electrode (ZrO2 -SDS-SWCNTs/GCE)...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
Mona A Mohamed, Menna M Hasan, Ibrahim H Abdullah, Ahmed M Abdellah, Ali M Yehia, Nashaat Ahmed, Walaa Abbas, Nageh K Allam
A strategy for trace-level carbon-based electrochemical sensors is investigated via exploring the interesting properties of BaNb2 O6 nanofibers (NFs). Utilizing adsorptive stripping square wave voltammetry (ASSWV), an electrochemical sensing platform was developed based on BaNb2 O6 nanofibers-modified carbon paste electrode (CPE) for the sensitive detection of lornoxicam (LOR). Different techniques were used to characterize the fabricated BaNb2 O6 perovskite NFs. The obtained data show the feasibility to electro-oxidize LOR and paracetamol (PAR) on the surface of the fabricated sensor...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
Yue Ni, Jian Xu, Hong Liu, Shijun Shao
A novel reduced graphene oxide supported nickel cobaltate nanorods composite (RGO-NiCo2 O4 ) was prepared by a simple ionothermal method in deep eutectic solvents for the first time. Electrochemical results demonstrated that the obtained nanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode exhibited excellent electrocatalytic performance towards the oxidation of glucose with a wide double-linear range from 1 μM to 25 mM and a low detection limit of 0.35 μM (S/N = 3). NiCo2 O4 nanorods with many small interconnected nanoparticles provided many electrocatalytic active sites, while RGO with large surface area offered good electrical conductivity...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
Qun Wei, Mi-Jung Kim, Jong-Ha Lee
BACKGROUND: Drinking water has several advantages that have already been established, such as improving blood circulation, reducing acid in the stomach, etc. However, due to people not noticing the amount of water they consume every time they drink, most people drink less water than the recommended daily allowance. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, a capacitive sensor for developing an automatic tumbler to measure water level is proposed. Different than in previous studies, the proposed capacitive sensor was separated into two sets: the main sensor for measuring the water level in the tumbler, and the reference sensor for measuring the incremental level unit...
April 22, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Joshua Cysyk, Ray Newswanger, Eric Popjes, Walter Pae, Choon-Sik Jhun, Jenelle Izer, William Weiss, Gerson Rosenberg
The lack of direct measurement of left ventricular unloading is a significant impediment to the development of an automatic speed control system for continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (cf-LVADs). We have developed an inlet cannula tip for cf-LVADs with integrated electrodes for volume sensing based on conductance. Four platinum-iridium ring electrodes were installed into grooves on a cannula body constructed from polyetheretherketone (PEEK). A sinusoidal current excitation waveform (250 μA pk-pk, 50 kHz) was applied across one pair of electrodes, and the conductance-dependent voltage was sensed across the second pair of electrodes...
May 10, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Arash Jalili Ghazizadeh, Abbas Afkhami, Hasan Bagheri
A nanostructured material of the type Au-ZnO-SiO2 is described that consists of ZnO and gold nanoparticles (NPs) dispersed into a silica matrix and used to construct a voltammetric sensor for 4-nitrophenol. The AuNPs and ZnO NPs are anchored onto the silica network which warrants the nanostructures to be stable in various environments. It also facilitates the electron transfer between the electrolyte and the glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The properties of the nanostructure as a modifier for the GCE were investigated by energy dispersive spectrometry, X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy...
May 11, 2018: Mikrochimica Acta
Fatehy M Abdel-Haleem, Mohamed Saad, Ahmed Barhoum, Mikhael Bechelany, Mahmoud S Rizk
We report on highly-sensitive ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) for potentiometric determining of galantamine hydrobromide (GB) in physiological fluids. Galantamine hydrobromide (GB) was selected for this study due to its previous medical importance for treating Alzheimer's disease. Three different types of ISEs were investigated: PVC membrane electrode (PVCE), carbon-paste electrode (CPE), and coated-wire electrode (CWE). In the construction of these electrodes, galantaminium-reineckate (GR) ion-pair was used as a sensing species for GB in solutions...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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