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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925508/%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-carbon-nanotube-enhanced-sensor-for-ciprofloxacin-detection
#1
Jorge M P J Garrido, Manuel Melle-Franco, Karol Strutyński, Fernanda Borges, Christopher M A Brett, E Manuela P J Garrido
A simple and expedite electrochemical methodology was developed for the determination of ciprofloxacin, based on a glassy carbon (GC) electrode modified by a combination of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) with β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) incorporated in a polyaniline film. The combined use of β-CD and MWCNT in the electrochemical sensor leads to a significant signal improvement. The β-CD/MWCNT modified GC electrode exhibited efficient electrocatalytic behavior in the oxidation of ciprofloxacin with relatively high sensitivity, stability and lifetime...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922643/a-kanamycin-sensor-based-on-an-electrosynthesized-molecularly-imprinted-poly-o-phenylenediamine-film-on-a-single-walled-carbon-nanohorn-modified-glassy-carbon-electrode
#2
Shuang Han, Bingqian Li, Ze Song, Sihao Pan, Zhichao Zhang, Hui Yao, Shuyun Zhu, Guobao Xu
A single-walled carbon nanohorn (SWCNH) has been used to construct a molecularly imprinted electrochemical sensor for the first time. Kanamycin, a widely used aminoglycoside antibiotic, is used as a representative analyte to test the detection strategy. The kanamycin sensor was constructed by the electropolymerization of a molecularly imprinted poly-o-phenylenediamine film on a SWCNH modified glassy carbon electrode. The sensor was investigated in the presence or absence of kanamycin by cyclic voltammetry to verify the changes in the redox peak currents of K3Fe(CN)6...
December 6, 2016: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920895/organosilane-functionalization-of-nanostructured-indium-tin-oxide-films
#3
R Pruna, F Palacio, M Martínez, O Blázquez, S Hernández, B Garrido, M López
Fabrication and organosilane-functionalization and characterization of nanostructured ITO electrodes are reported. Nanostructured ITO electrodes were obtained by electron beam evaporation, and a subsequent annealing treatment was selectively performed to modify their crystalline state. An increase in geometrical surface area in comparison with thin-film electrodes area was observed by atomic force microscopy, implying higher electroactive surface area for nanostructured ITO electrodes and thus higher detection levels...
December 6, 2016: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918487/integrating-deoxyribozymes-into-colorimetric-sensing-platforms
#4
REVIEW
Dingran Chang, Sandy Zakaria, Mimi Deng, Nicholas Allen, Kha Tram, Yingfu Li
Biosensors are analytical devices that have found a variety of applications in medical diagnostics, food quality control, environmental monitoring and biodefense. In recent years, functional nucleic acids, such as aptamers and nucleic acid enzymes, have shown great potential in biosensor development due to their excellent ability in target recognition and catalysis. Deoxyribozymes (or DNAzymes) are single-stranded DNA molecules with catalytic activity and can be isolated to recognize a wide range of analytes through the process of in vitro selection...
December 3, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918458/new-electrochemically-modified-carbon-paste-inclusion-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-and-carbon-nanotubes-sensors-for-quantification-of-dorzolamide-hydrochloride
#5
Nawal Ahmad Alarfaj, Maha Farouk El-Tohamy
The present article introduces a new approach to fabricate carbon paste sensors, including carbon paste, modified carbon paste inclusion β-cyclodextrin, and carbon nanotubes for the quantification of dorzolamide hydrochloride (DRZ). This study is mainly based on the construction of three different carbon paste sensors by the incorporation of DRZ with phosphotungstic acid (PTA) to form dorzolamide-phosphotungstate (DRZ-PT) as an electroactive material in the presence of the solvent mediator ortho-nitrophenyloctyl ether (o-NPOE)...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916961/recent-progress-in-electrochemical-biosensors-for-glycoproteins
#6
REVIEW
Uichi Akiba, Jun-Ichi Anzai
This review provides an overview of recent progress in the development of electrochemical biosensors for glycoproteins. Electrochemical glycoprotein sensors are constructed by combining metal and carbon electrodes with glycoprotein-selective binding elements including antibodies, lectin, phenylboronic acid and molecularly imprinted polymers. A recent trend in the preparation of glycoprotein sensors is the successful use of nanomaterials such as graphene, carbon nanotube, and metal nanoparticles. These nanomaterials are extremely useful for improving the sensitivity of glycoprotein sensors...
December 1, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916553/nio-hedgehog-like-nanostructures-au-polyaniline-nanofibers-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanocomposite-with-electrocatalytic-activity-for-non-enzymatic-detection-of-glucose
#7
Kh Ghanbari, F Ahmadi
A novel sensitive non-enzymatic glucose sensor was fabricated based on nickel oxide hedgehog-like nanostructures decorated ternary gold nanoparticles/polyaniline nanofibers/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites (NiO/Au/PANI/rGO). The morphology and structure of NiO/Au/PANI/rGO nanocomposites were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR). Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) data also indicated the charge transfer of each layer decreased compared to the underneath layer...
December 1, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914335/studies-on-the-influence-of-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-on-graphene-oxide-and-its-synergistic-activity-to-the-electrochemical-detection-of-nitrobenzene
#8
Murugan Velmurugan, Natarajan Karikalan, Shen-Ming Chen, Zi-Chi Dai
The impact of the β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) on the graphene oxide (GO) was considerably altered the activity of electrochemical sensors. Hence, the present study, we scrutinized the electrocatalytic determination of nitrobenzene (NB) by changing the different loading level of β-CD on GO modified electrodes. The composites were prepared by the simple ultrasonication method and characterized by UV-Visible spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope. Interestingly, the synergistic electrocatalytic activity was appeared for the 1...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911378/iridium-oxide-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanohybrid-thin-film-modified-screen-printed-electrodes-as-disposable-electrochemical-paper-microfluidic-ph-sensors
#9
Jiang Yang, Tae-Joon Kwak, Xiaodong Zhang, Robert McClain, Woo-Jin Chang, Sundaram Gunasekaran
A facile, controllable, inexpensive and green electrochemical synthesis of IrO2-graphene nanohybrid thin films is developed to fabricate an easy-to-use integrated paper microfluidic electrochemical pH sensor for resource-limited settings. Taking advantages from both pH meters and strips, the pH sensing platform is composed of hydrophobic barrier-patterned paper micropad (µPAD) using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), screen-printed electrode (SPE) modified with IrO2-graphene films and molded acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) plastic holder...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907873/excellent-storage-stability-and-sensitive-detection-of-neurotoxin-quinolinic-acid
#10
Ranjana Singh, Sunayana Kashyap, Suveen Kumar, Shiju Abraham, Tejendra K Gupta, Arvind M Kayastha, Bansi D Malhotra, Preeti Suman Saxena, Anchal Srivastava, Ranjan K Singh
Quinolinic acid (QA) is a metabolite of tryptophan degradation obtained through kynurenine pathway, produced naturally in the mammalian brain as well as in the human cerebrospinal fluid. The presence of QA ~10-40µM is a clear indicator of many neurological disorders as well as deficiency of vitamin B6 in human being. In the present work; rapid, sensitive and cost-effective bio-electrodes were prepared to detect the trace amount of endogenous neurotoxin (QA). Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) studies were carried out to measure the electrochemical response of the fabricated bio-electrodes as a function of QA concentrations...
November 23, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905472/electrochemical-communication-with-the-inside-of-cells-using-micro-patterned-vertical-carbon-nanofibre-electrodes
#11
F J Rawson, M T Cole, J M Hicks, J W Aylott, W I Milne, C M Collins, S K Jackson, N J Silman, P M Mendes
With the rapidly increasing demands for ultrasensitive biodetection, the design and applications of new nano-scale materials for development of sensors based on optical and electrochemical transducers have attracted substantial interest. In particular, given the comparable sizes of nanomaterials and biomolecules, there exist plenty of opportunities to develop functional nanoprobes with biomolecules for highly sensitive and selective biosensing, shedding new light on cellular behaviour. Towards this aim, herein we interface cells with patterned nano-arrays of carbon nanofibers forming a nanosensor-cell construct...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904092/development-and-biosensor-applications-of-novel-functional-electrodes
#12
Shigehiro Takahashi
 Phenylboronic acid (PBA) derivatives have been used as alternatives to enzymes in the development of sugar-sensitive systems because the optical and electrochemical properties of these derivatives are significantly modulated upon sugar binding. This article reviews the voltammetric properties of sugar sensors prepared using dithiobis (4-butyrylamino-m-phenylboronic acid) (DTBA-PBA)-modified electrodes and PBA-appended layer-by-layer film-modified electrodes. In addition, the redox properties of reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-modified glassy carbon electrodes (GCEs) are discussed...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901524/ternary-nicop-nanosheet-array-on-a-ti-mesh-a-high-performance-electrochemical-sensor-for-glucose-detection
#13
Zao Wang, Xiaoqin Cao, Danni Liu, Shuai Hao, Gu Du, Abdullah M Asiri, Xuping Sun
Electrode design is of significant importance in the construction of enhanced electrochemical sensing platforms, and nanoarrays are an attractive architecture in molecule detection with large specific surface area and easy access for target molecules. In this communication, we report on the development of a ternary NiCoP nanosheet array on a Ti mesh (NiCoP/Ti) as a non-noble metal efficient catalyst electrode for electro-oxidation of glucose in alkaline electrolytes. As an electrochemical sensor for glucose detection, NiCoP/Ti shows a fast response time of less than 3 s, a low detection limit of 0...
November 30, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898378/ag-n-doped-reduced-graphene-oxide-incorporated-with-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-an-advanced-electrochemical-sensing-platform-for-salbutamol-determination
#14
Junhua Li, Zhifeng Xu, Mengqin Liu, Peihong Deng, Siping Tang, Jianbo Jiang, Haibo Feng, Dong Qian, Lingzhi He
In this work, the metallic silver and non-metallic nitrogen co-doped reduced graphene oxide (Ag-N-RGO) was first synthesized by a simple and cost-effective strategy, and then a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) was formed in situ at the surface of the prepared composite via electropolymerization of o-phenylenediamine in the presence of salbutamol as the template molecule. The electrochemical characterizations demonstrate that the bifunctional graphene-based composite shows improved catalytic performance than that of pristine graphene doped with one-component or none...
November 10, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897238/synergetic-signal-amplification-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-fe3o4-hybrid-and-trimethyloctadecylammonium-bromide-as-a-highly-sensitive-detection-platform-for-tetrabromobisphenol-a
#15
Feng Zhou, Yue Wang, Wei Wu, Tao Jing, Surong Mei, Yikai Zhou
In this work, we fabricated an electrochemical sensor based on trimethyloctadecylammonium bromide and multi-walled carbon nanotubes-Fe3O4 hybrid (TOAB/MWCNTs-Fe3O4) for sensitive detection of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA). The nanocomposite was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques. The electrochemical behaviors of TBBPA on TOAB/MWCNTs-Fe3O4 composite film modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) method...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894754/composite-of-cu-metal-nanoparticles-multiwall-carbon-nanotubes-reduced-graphene-oxide-as-a-novel-and-high-performance-platform-of-the-electrochemical-sensor-for-simultaneous-determination-of-nitrite-and-nitrate
#16
Hasan Bagheri, Ali Hajian, Mosayeb Rezaei, Ali Shirzadmehr
In the present research, we aimed to fabricate a novel electrochemical sensor based on Cu metal nanoparticles on the multiwall carbon nanotubes-reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Cu/MWCNT/RGO) for individual and simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate ions. The morphology of the prepared nanocomposite on the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was characterized using various methods including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886773/a-novel-aptameric-biosensor-based-on-the-self-assembled-dna-ws2-nanosheet-architecture
#17
Aixue Li, Jian Zhang, Jichuan Qiu, Zhenhuan Zhao, Cheng Wang, Chunjiang Zhao, Hong Liu
It has been reported that tungsten disulfide (WS2) can bind single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) with high affinity while it has less affinity toward double stranded DNA (dsDNA). In this work, for the first time, the high affinity between WS2 and ssDNA was used to construct stable sensing interface for ATP detection. A DNA sequence with -SH at one end was first immobilized on Au electrode. WS2 nanosheets were immobilized on the SH-DNA/Au electrode surface due to the strong affinity between WS2 and ssDNA. Then the WS2 nanosheets were used to immobilize ATP binding aptamer (ABA) through the high affinity between WS2 and ssDNA, too...
January 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886772/selective-and-sensitive-electrochemical-device-for-direct-vb2-determination-in-real-products
#18
Agata Kowalczyk, Monika Sadowska, Beata Krasnodebska-Ostrega, Anna M Nowicka
The developed by us electrochemical device for vitamin B2 (VB2; riboflavin) determination, without preconcentration step, in real products exhibits high sensitivity, selectivity, stability and low detection limit compared to those described in the literature. The determination procedure was based on the monitoring of the reduction current signal of VB2 bound with dsDNA anchored to the electrode surface through intermediary - carboxyphenyl layer. The application of such intermediary layer formed during electroreduction of appropriate diazonium salt at CV peak potential guarantees high efficiency of hybridization process and thus fully available places for VB2 interaction...
January 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886072/peroxynitrite-sensor-based-on-a-screen-printed-carbon-electrode-modified-with-a-poly-2-6-dihydroxynaphthalene-film
#19
Ioana Silvia Hosu, Diana Constantinescu-Aruxandei, Maria-Luiza Jecu, Florin Oancea, Mihaela Badea Doni
For the first time the electropolymerization of 2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene (2,6-DHN) on a screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE) was investigated and evaluated for peroxynitrite (PON) detection. Cyclic voltammetry was used to electrodeposit the poly(2,6-DHN) on the carbon electrode surface. The surface morphology and structure of poly(2,6-DHN) film were investigated by SEM and FTIR analysis, and the electrochemical features by cyclic voltammetry. The poly(2,6-DHN)/SPCE sensor showed excellent electrocatalytic activity for PON oxidation in alkaline solutions at very low potentials (0-100 mV vs...
November 23, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871048/construction-of-a-highly-sensitive-non-enzymatic-sensor-for-superoxide-anion-radical-detection-from-living-cells
#20
Yuelin Liu, Xiuhui Liu, Yidan Liu, Guoan Liu, Lan Ding, Xiaoquan Lu
A novel non-enzymatic superoxide anion (O2•(-)) sensor was fabricated based on Ag nanoparticles (NPs)/L-cysteine functioned carbon nanotubes (Cys-MWCNTs) nanocomposites and used to measure the release of O2•(-) from living cells. In this strategy, AgNPs could be uniformly electrodeposited on the MWCNTs surface with average diameter of about 20nm as exhibited by scanning electronmicroscopy (SEM). Electrochemical study demonstrated that the AgNPs/Cys-MWCNTs modified glassy carbon electrode exhibited excellent catalytic activity toward the reduction of O2•(-) with a super wide linear range from 7...
November 16, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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