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electrochemical sensor

N S Pavithra, K Lingaraju, G K Raghu, G Nagaraju
In the present work, Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO Nps) have been successfully prepared through a simple, effective and low cost solution combustion method using Zn (NO3)2·6H2O as an oxidizer, chakkota (Common name=Pomelo) fruit juice as novel fuel. X-ray diffraction pattern indicates the hexagonal wurtzite structure with average crystallite size of ~22nm. ZnO Nps were characterized with the aid of different spectroscopic techniques such as Raman spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, Photoluminescence and UV-Visible spectroscopy...
May 16, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Hongzhe Zhang, Shanshan Zhang, Nan Liu
This study aims to evaluate the application of a new type of high specificity antigen sensor in detecting the viruses in sudden infectious diseases. Influenza A (H1N1) virus immunosensor was used for the respective determination of the six kinds of antigens of H1N1, H3N2 viral protein, HA protein of H7N9, influenza B virus, adenovirus, and EV71 virus of same dilution degree on the Screen Printed Carbon Electrode (SPCE), so as to test the specificity of the detection method. In addition, various batches of chick embryo allantoic saliva dilution simulation samples were also detected on their recovery (accuracy), repeatability (precision), and stability...
May 18, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Paul H Holloway, David G Pritchard
The characteristics of the vacuum used in a low atmospheric pressure stunning system to stun (render unconscious) poultry prior to slaughter are described. A vacuum chamber is pumped by a wet screw compressor. The vacuum pressure is reduced from ambient atmospheric pressure to an absolute vacuum pressure of ∼250 Torr (∼33 kPa) in ∼67 sec with the vacuum gate valve fully open. At ∼250 Torr, the sliding gate valve is partially closed to reduce effective pumping speed, resulting in a slower rate of decreasing pressure...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
Anjan Panneer Selvam, Shalini Prasad
A nanochannel-based electrochemical biosensor has been demonstrated for rapid and multiplexed detection of a panel of three biomarkers associated with rapid detection of sepsis. The label-free biosensor detected procalcitonin (PCT), lipoteichoic acid (LTA), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from human whole blood. The biosensor comprises a nanoporous nylon membrane integrated onto a microelectrode sensor platform for nanoconfinement effects. Charge perturbations due to biomarker binding are recorded as impedance changes using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy...
June 2017: SLAS Technology
Fuzi Mohamed Fartas, Jaafar Abdullah, Nor Azah Yusof, Yusran Sulaiman, Mohd Izham Saiman
In this research work, electrochemical biosensor was fabricated based on immobilization of tyrosinase onto graphene-decorated gold nanoparticle/chitosan (Gr-Au-Chit/Tyr) nanocomposite-modified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) for the detection of phenolic compounds. The nanocomposite film was constructed via solution casting method. The electrocatalytic activity of the proposed biosensor for phenol detection was studied using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). Experimental parameters such as pH buffer, enzyme concentration, ratio of Gr-Au-Chit, accumulation time and potential were optimized...
May 16, 2017: Sensors
Ali Kamal Attia, Nisreen Farouk Abo-Talib, Marwa Hosny Tammam
Purpose: A new sensitive sensor was fabricated for the determination of ivabradine hydrochloride (IH) based on modification with multiwalled carbon nanotubes using sodium dodecyl sulfate as micellar medium to increase the sensitivity. Methods: The electrochemical behavior of IH was studied in Britton-Robinson buffer (pH: 2.0-11.0) using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry. Results: The voltammetric response was linear over the range of 3.984 x 10(-6)-3.475 x 10(-5) mol L(-1). The limits of detection and quantification were found to be 5...
April 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Cristina E Constantin, Catrin S Müller, Michael G Leitner, Wolfgang Bildl, Uwe Schulte, Dominik Oliver, Bernd Fakler
Voltage-activated calcium (Cav) channels couple intracellular signaling pathways to membrane potential by providing Ca(2+) ions as second messengers at sufficiently high concentrations to modulate effector proteins located in the intimate vicinity of those channels. Here we show that protein kinase Cβ (PKCβ) and brain nitric oxide synthase (NOS1), both identified by proteomic analysis as constituents of the protein nano-environment of Cav2 channels in the brain, directly coassemble with Cav2.2 channels upon heterologous coexpression...
May 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Juan Xiang, Xiaomei Pi, Xiaoqing Chen, Lei Xiang, Minghui Yang, Hao Ren, Xiaojuan Shen, Ning Qi, Chunyan Deng
For the multi-analyte detection, although the sensitivity has commonly met the practical requirements, the reliability, reproducibility and stability need to be further improved. In this work, two different aptamer probes labeled with redox tags were used as signal probe1 (sP1) and signal probe2 (sP2), which were integrated into one unity DNA architecture to develop the integrated signal probe (ISP). Comparing with the conventional independent signal probes for the simultaneous multi-analyte detection, the proposed ISP was more reproducible and accurate...
April 26, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Yiyan Song, Zhihui Xu, Xinyu Yu, Xueyan Shi, Huijun Jiang, Xiaoming Li, Yan Kong, Qin Xu, Jin Chen
BiOCl-SiO₂ KIT-6 composite materials with raspberry-like structures are facilely prepared under hydrothermal conditions. The mesoporous siliceous support of SiO₂ KIT-6-incorporated BiOCl with enlarged yet refined surface morphology characterized by physiochemical methods exhibits an improved electrochemical performance. A sensitive electrochemical detection method of cadmium concentration using square wave anodic stripping voltammetry was developed based on BiOCl-SiO₂ KIT-6 composite-modified glassy carbon electrodes, which displayed wide linear ranges of 0...
May 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Baihui Liu, Chao Ma, Yi Li, Yanxia Kou, Jiajia Lu, Xiangmei Jiang, Liang Tan
An indirect and sensitive electrochemical method for the determination of reduced glutathione (GSH) was developed by using poly(thionine) (PTH) as a mediator in the presence of Fenton-type reaction on the electrode surface in this work. Cyclic voltammetry and the adsorption of Cu(2+) were employed in sequence to fabricate a Cu-PTH modified electrode, which was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, XPS and electrochemical measurements. Hydroxyl radicals that were derived from the Fenton-type reaction between Cu(2+) and H2O2 could effectively oxidize PTH, leading to the great enhancement of the cathodic peak current of the dye polymer in the cyclic voltammetric scan...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
Zhengkun Xie, Wang Lu, Lingxi Yang, Gaiping Li, Baoxian Ye
Baicalein and baicalin are the major flavonoids found in Scutellariae Radix, an essential herb which has had a presence in traditional Chinese medicine (TCMs) for more than two thousands of years. Owing to their similar characteristics and physiochemical properties, sensitive, it is a great challenge to detect both of them simultaneously. In this work, a novel, facile and sensitive electrochemical method was proposed based on tantalum oxide (Ta2O5), niobium oxide (Nb2O5) particles and antiseptic chitosan modified carbon paste electrode (Ta2O5-Nb2O5@CTS-CPE)...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
Kesavan Manibalan, Veerappan Mani, Pu-Chieh Chang, Chih-Hung Huang, Sheng-Tung Huang, Kasper Marchlewicz, Suresh Neethirajan
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) was discovered as a third gasotransmitter in biological systems and recent years have seen a growing interest to understand its physiological and pathological functions. However, one major limiting factor is the lack of robust sensors to quantitatively track its production in real-time. We described a facile electrochemical assay based on latent redox probe approach for highly specific and sensitive quantification in living cells. Two chemical probes, Azido Benzyl ferrocene carbamate (ABFC) and N-alkyl Azido Benzyl ferrocene carbamate (NABFC) composed of azide trigger group were designed...
May 4, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Xiaoqian Zhu, Min Huang, Jiao Li, Hanping He, Xiuhua Zhang, Shengfu Wang
In this paper, a novel electrochemical sensor was developed for the rapid detection of G-G mismatched DNA based on hexaammineruthenium(III) chloride ([Ru(NH3)6]Cl3) as a redox indicator. The sensor platform was constructed by immobilizing small molecules (NC-linker) on the gold electrode via amide bonds. The as-prepared NC-linker as the nucleic acids recognition molecule can interact with the G base of DNA. After the sensor was incubated with G-G mismatched DNA, the double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) acted as carriers of the signal tags-[Ru(NH3)6]Cl3, which resulted in a remarkable electrochemical signal...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Sara Hooshmand, Zarrin Es'haghi
In this research, a novel sensitive electrochemical nanosensor based on the cadmium selenide quantum dots (QDs)/ionic liquid mediated hollow fiber-pencil graphite electrode (HF-PGE) was prepared and applied for simultaneous determination of uric acid (UA) and creatinine (Crn) in urine and serum samples. The electrocatalytic oxidation of the analytes was investigated via differential pulse (DPV) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The experiments were designed, in two different steps, according to Taguchi's method; OA9 L9 (3(3)) and OA9 L9 (3(4)) orthogonal array to optimize experimental runs...
June 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Tran Duy Thanh, Jayaraman Balamurugan, Hoa Van Hien, Nam Hoon Kim, Joong Hee Lee
A high quality graphene-encapsulated AuAg alloy (AuAg-GR) nanohybrid with homogeneous structure and good reproducibility over a desired area was successfully fabricated. Taking benefits of the unique architecture, such nanohybrid was employed as an efficient electrocatalyst for sensing application. The AuAg-GR based sensor could sensitively detected neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) with wide linear detection range (2.7nM to 4.82μM), very low detection limit (1.6nM), negligible interference, and excellent reproducibility...
May 6, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Laura García-Carmona, María Moreno-Guzmán, Aida Martín, Selma Benito Martínez, Ana B Fernández-Martínez, María Cristina González, Javier Lucio-Cazaña, Alberto Escarpa
The role and reliable quantification of intracellular hydrogen peroxide during cancer therapy constitutes an unexplored and fascinating application. In this work, we report the fabrication of vertically aligned copper nanowires (v-CuNWs) using electrosynthesis on templates, and their application as a cut-and-paste exclusive and flexible electrochemical transducer. This easily adaptable electrodic platform is demonstrated for a fast, simple and free-enzyme selective quantification of intracellular hydrogen peroxide in Cisplatin-treated human renal HK-2 cells...
May 1, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Chen Wang, Xing-Guo Nie, Yi Shi, Yue Zhou, Jing-Juan Xu, Xing-Hua Xia, Hong-Yuan Chen
Direct photocatalysis making use of plasmonic metals has attracted significant attention due to the unique light harnessing capabilities of these materials associated with localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) features. Thus far, most reported work has been limited to plasmon-induced chemical transformations. Herein, we demonstrate that electrochemical reactions can also be accelerated by plasmonic nanoparticles upon LSPR excitation. Using glucose electrocatalysis as a model reaction system, the direct plasmon-accelerated electrochemical reaction (PAER) on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is observed...
May 11, 2017: ACS Nano
Poh Quan Li, Andrew Piper, Ilka Schmueser, Andrew R Mount, Damion K Corrigan
Due to their electroanalytical advantages, microelectrodes are a very attractive technology for sensing and monitoring applications. One highly important application is measurement of DNA hybridisation to detect a wide range of clinically important phenomena, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), mutations and drug resistance genes. The use of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) for measurement of DNA hybridisation is well established for large electrodes but as yet remains relatively unexplored for microelectrodes due to difficulties associated with electrode functionalisation and impedimetric response interpretation...
May 11, 2017: Analyst
Liangliang Li, Miaomiao Li, Wenwen Wang, Qian Zhang, Dongyun Liu, Xianghong Li, Hong Jiang
Early diagnosis is vital for the reduction of mortality caused by neonatal infections. Since TNF-α can be used as a marker for the early diagnosis, the detection of TNF-α with high sensitivity and specificity has great clinical significance. Herein, a highly sensitive and reusable electrochemical sensor was fabricated. Due to the high specificity of aptamers, TNF-α could be accurately detected from five similar cytokines, even from serum samples. In addition, Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) with a high surface area were able to combine a large number of doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOXh), which made the sensor have a high sensitivity...
May 10, 2017: Sensors
Irvine Lian Hao Ong, Kun-Lin Yang
Proteases play a pivotal role in regulating important physiological processes from food digestion to blood clotting. They are also important biomarkers for many diseases such as cancers. The importance of proteases has led to extensive efforts in the screening of proteases and their inhibitors as potential drug molecules. For example, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients have been treated with HIV-1 protease inhibitors to prolong the life expectancy of patients. Such a close relationship between diseases and proteases provides a strong motivation for developing sensitive, selective, and robust protease assays and sensors, which can be exploited to discover new proteases and inhibitors...
May 10, 2017: Analyst
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