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Ubiquitin-specific protease

Alberto Campanaro, Raffaella Battaglia, Massimo Galbiati, Ari Sadanandom, Chiara Tonelli, Lucio Conti
SUMOylation and anther growth. During fertilization, stamen elongation needs to be synchronized with pistil growth. The phytohormone gibberellic acid (GA) promotes stamen growth by stimulating the degradation of growth repressing DELLA proteins. DELLA accumulation is negatively regulated by GAs through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. In Arabidopsis thaliana, a proportion of DELLAs is also conjugated to the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) protein, which stabilizes DELLAs. Increased DELLA levels occur in the SUMO protease-deficient OVERLY TOLERANT TO SALT 1 and 2 (ots1 ots2) double mutants, especially under salt stress conditions...
October 19, 2016: Plant Reproduction
Jianbo Li, Huixia Jia, Xiaojiao Han, Jin Zhang, Pei Sun, Mengzhu Lu, Jianjun Hu
Salix psammophila is a desert shrub willow that has extraordinary adaptation to abiotic stresses and plays an important role in maintaining local ecosystems. Moreover, S. psammophila is regarded as a promising biomass feedstock because of its high biomass yields and short rotation coppice cycle. However, few suitable reference genes (RGs) for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) constrain the study on normalization of gene expression in S. psammophila until now. Here, we investigated the expression stabilities of 14 candidate RGs across tissue types and under four abiotic stress treatments, including heat, cold, salt, and drought treatments...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Nicole M Hjortland, Andrew D Mesecar
USP17 is a deubiquitinating enzyme that is upregulated in numerous cancers and therefore a drug target. We developed a robust expression, purification, and assay system for USP17 enabling its enzymatic and structural characterization. USP17 was expressed in E. coli as inclusion bodies and then solubilized, refolded, and purified using affinity and size-exclusion chromatography. Milligram quantities of pure USP17 can be produced that is catalytically more efficient (kcat/Km = 1500 (x10(3)) M(-1) sec(-1)) than other human USPs studied to date...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Alice Luddi, Laura Crifasi, Antonella Quagliarello, Laura Governini, Vincenzo De Leo, Paola Piomboni
Some studies have focused on the association between male infertility and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ubiquitin-specific protease 26 (USP26) gene, but the results are controversial. In this case-control study including both normozoospermic men and patients with nonobstructive azoospermia, we analyzed both the entire coding region and 5' and 3' untranslated regions of USP26 in order to identify genetic variants in this gene to investigate the role of USP26 on spermatogenesis. We reported variations in the USP26 gene sequence in 82% of azoospermic and in 50% normospermic men...
October 11, 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Samuel D Whedon, Nagula Markandeya, Ambar S J B Rana, Caroline E Weller, Nicholas A Senger, Frantisek Turecek, Eric R Strieter, Champak Chatterjee
Deubiquitylating enzymes (DUBs) remove ubiquitin (Ub) from various cellular proteins and render eukaryotic ubiquitylation a dynamic process. The misregulation of protein ubiquitylation is associated with many human diseases, and there is an urgent need to identify specific DUBs associated with therapeutically relevant targets of Ub. We report the development of two facile selenocysteine-based strategies to generate the DUB probe dehydroalanine (Dha). Optimized oxidative or alkylative elimination of Se yielded Dha at the C-terminus of Ub...
October 10, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Murali Ganesan, Larisa Y Poluektova, Dean J Tuma, Kusum K Kharbanda, Natalia A Osna
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption exacerbates the pathogenesis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and worsens disease outcomes. The exact reasons are not clear yet, but they might be partially attributed to the ability of alcohol to further suppress the innate immunity. Innate immunity is known to be already decreased by HCV in liver cells. METHODS: In this study, we aimed to explore the mechanisms of how alcohol metabolism dysregulates IFNα signaling (STAT1 phosphorylation) in HCV(+) hepatoma cells...
September 26, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Mindy I Davis, Rajan Pragani, Jennifer T Fox, Min Shen, Kalindi Parmar, Emily F Gaudiano, Li Liu, Cordelle Tanega, Lauren McGee, Matthew David Hall, Crystal McKnight, Paul Shinn, Henrike Nelson, Debasish Chattopadhyay, Alan D D'Andrea, Douglas S Auld, Larry J DeLucas, Zhuyin Li, Matthew B Boxer, Anton Simeonov
Deubiquitinases are important components of the protein degradation regulatory network. We report the discovery of ML364, a small molecule inhibitor of the deubiquitinase USP2 and its use to interrogate the biology of USP2 and its putative substrate Cyclin D1. ML364 has an IC50 of 1.1 uM in a biochemical assay using an internally quenched fluorescent di-ubiquitin substrate. Direct binding of ML364 to USP2 was demonstrated using microscale thermophoresis. ML364 induced an increase in cellular Cyclin D1 degradation and caused cell-cycle arrest as shown in western blots and flow cytometry assays utilizing both mino and HCT116 cancer cell lines...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Jean-François Trempe, Klára Grantz Šašková, Monika Sivá, Colin D H Ratcliffe, Václav Veverka, Annabelle Hoegl, Marie Ménade, Xin Feng, Solomon Shenker, Michal Svoboda, Milan Kožíšek, Jan Konvalinka, Kalle Gehring
The eukaryotic Ddi1 family is defined by a conserved retroviral aspartyl protease-like (RVP) domain found in association with a ubiquitin-like (UBL) domain. Ddi1 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae additionally contains a ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain. The substrate specificity and role of the protease domain in the biological functions of the Ddi family remain unclear. Yeast Ddi1 has been implicated in the regulation of cell cycle progression, DNA-damage repair, and exocytosis. Here, we investigated the multi-domain structure of yeast Ddi1 using X-ray crystallography, nuclear magnetic resonance, and small-angle X-ray scattering...
2016: Scientific Reports
Theo Klein, Rosa I Viner, Christopher M Overall
Adaptive immunity is the specialized defence mechanism in vertebrates that evolved to eliminate pathogens. Specialized lymphocytes recognize specific protein epitopes through antigen receptors to mount potent immune responses, many of which are initiated by nuclear factor-kappa B activation and gene transcription. Most, if not all, pathways in adaptive immunity are further regulated by post-translational modification (PTM) of signalling proteins, e.g. phosphorylation, citrullination, ubiquitination and proteolytic processing...
October 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Hye Seung Jung, Yu Mi Kang, Ho Seon Park, Byung Yong Ahn, Hakmo Lee, Min Joo Kim, Jin Young Jang, Sun-Whe Kim
Post-translational modification by bonding of small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) peptides influences various cellular functions, and is regulated by SUMO-specific proteases (SENPs). Several proteins have been suggested to have diverse impact on insulin synthesis and secretion through SUMO modification in beta cells. However, the role of SUMO modification in beta cell mass has not been established. Here, we examined the changes in expression of Senp in INS1 cells and pancreatic islets under diabetes-relevant stress conditions and associated changes in beta cell mass...
September 20, 2016: Islets
Xing Mao, Weili Luo, Jianyong Sun, Nianji Yang, Linda Wei Zhang, Zhonghua Zhao, Zhigang Zhang, Huijuan Wu
Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is characterized by proliferation of mesangial cells (MCs) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-dependent stimulation of abnormal extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. We previously showed that Decorin--a leucine-rich proteoglycan inhibiting the progression of glomerulonephritis and glomerular sclerosis--can be degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and deubiquitinated and stabilized by ubiquitin-specific processing protease 2-69(Usp2-69). Usp2-69 is highly expressed in the kidney and has been implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis...
September 15, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Michael J Matunis, Manuel S Rodriguez
Protein modification by the small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) was simultaneously discovered by several groups at the middle of the 1990s. Although distinct names were proposed including Sentrin, GMP1, PIC1, or SMT3, SUMO became the most popular. Early studies on the functions of SUMOylation focused on activities in the nucleus, including transcription activation, chromatin structure, and DNA repair. However, it is now recognized that SUMOylation affects a large diversity of cellular processes both in the nucleus and the cytoplasm and functions of SUMOylation appear to have undefined limits...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Kapil Sareen-Khanna, Joan Papillon, Simon S Wing, Andrey V Cybulsky
Kidney cell injury may be associated with protein misfolding and induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Examples include complement-induced glomerular epithelial cell (GEC)/podocyte injury in membranous nephropathy, and ischemia-reperfusion injury. Renal cell injury can also result from mutations in integral proteins, which lead to their misfolding and accumulation. Certain nephrin missense mutants misfold, accumulate in the ER, and induce ER stress. We examined if enhancement of ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) function may facilitate proteostasis and confer protection against injury...
September 14, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Zhifeng Lin, Liwen Xiong, Qiang Lin
Lung cancer is the most frequent cancer in the world. Previous studies have shown that ubiquitin-specific protease 39 (USP39) is upregulated in several cancers and associated with tumor malignant characters. However, the effects of USP39 in lung cancer have not been well understood. In the present study, we found USP39 was generally expressed higher in human lung cancer tissues than in normal tissues by Oncomine database mining, qRT-PCR, and western blot assay. Knockdown of USP39 expression markedly reduced the proliferative and colony-forming ability of lung cancer cell lines 95D and A549...
November 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Jin Zhang, Danjie Zhang, Liangzhang Sun
Ubiquitin-specific protease 14 (USP14), one of three proteasome-associated deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs), plays an essential role in the development of human carcinoma. However, to the best of our knowledge, the role of USP14 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is unknown. In the current study, we investigated the expression and role of USP14 in ESCC. Our results showed that the level of USP14 was significantly increased in ESCC tissues and cell lines. Down-regulation of USP14 significantly inhibited ESCC cell proliferation and ESCC tumor growth in nude mice...
September 13, 2016: Oncology Research
Kathrin Kunz, Kristina Wagner, Luca Mendler, Soraya Hölper, Nathalie Dehne, Stefan Müller
Post-translational modification of proteins with ubiquitin-like SUMO modifiers is a tightly regulated and highly dynamic process. The SENP family of SUMO-specific isopeptidases comprises six cysteine proteases. They are instrumental in counterbalancing SUMO conjugation, but their regulation is not well understood. We demonstrate that in hypoxic cell extracts, the catalytic activity of SENP family members, in particular SENP1 and SENP3, is inhibited in a rapid and fully reversible process. Comparative mass spectrometry from normoxic and hypoxic cells defines a subset of hypoxia-induced SUMO1 targets, including SUMO ligases RanBP2 and PIAS2, glucose transporter 1, and transcriptional regulators...
September 13, 2016: Cell Reports
Omid Tavana, Dawei Li, Chao Dai, Gonzalo Lopez, Debarshi Banerjee, Ning Kon, Chao Chen, Andrea Califano, Darrell J Yamashiro, Hongbin Sun, Wei Gu
The MYCN proto-oncogene is amplified in a number of advanced-stage human tumors, such as neuroblastomas. Similar to other members of the MYC family of oncoproteins, MYCN (also known as N-Myc) is a transcription factor, and its stability and activity are tightly controlled by ubiquitination-dependent proteasome degradation. Although numerous studies have demonstrated that N-Myc is a driver of neuroblastoma tumorigenesis, therapies that directly suppress N-Myc activity in human tumors are limited. Here we have identified ubiquitin-specific protease 7 (USP7; also known as HAUSP) as a regulator of N-Myc function in neuroblastoma...
October 2016: Nature Medicine
Lan Shao, Boya Feng, Yuying Zhang, Huanjiao Zhou, Weidong Ji, Wang Min
Adipose tissue dysfunction correlates with the development of diabetes. Mice with an adipocyte-specific deletion of the SUMO-specific protease SENP1 develop symptoms of type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Peri-pancreatic adipocytes (PATs) exert both systemic and paracrine effects on pancreases function. Our recent studies report that PATs of SENP1-deficient mice have increased proinflammatory cytokine production compared with other adipose depots. Proinflammatory cytokines produced from PATs not only have direct cytotoxic effects on pancreatic islets, but also increase CCL5 expression in adjacent pancreatic islets, which induces persistent inflammation in pancreases by acquisition of Th1 and Th17 effector T cell subsets...
July 2016: Adipocyte
Mohan Shrestha, Pil-Hoon Park
Leptin, an adipokine predominantly produced from adipose tissue, is well known to induce tumor growth. However, underlying molecular mechanisms are not established yet. While p53 has long been well recognized as a potent tumor suppressor gene, accumulating evidence has also indicated its potential role in growth and survival of cancer cells depending on experimental environments. In the present study, we examined if p53 signaling is implicated in leptin-induced growth of cancer cells. Herein, we demonstrated that leptin treatment significantly increased p53 protein expression in both hepatic (HepG2) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cells without significant effect on mRNA expression...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
Xiangyun Chen, Jingjing Wu, Yitian Chen, Dongxia Ye, Hu Lei, Hanzhang Xu, Li Yang, Yingli Wu, Wenli Gu
Ubiquitin-specific protease 14, a deubiquitinating enzyme, has been implicated in the tumorigenesis and progression of several cancers, but its role in oral squamous cell carcinoma remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to explore the expression pattern and roles of Ubiquitin-specific protease 14 in the occurrence and development of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Interestingly, Ubiquitin-specific protease 14 was overexpressed in oral cancer tissues and cell lines at both mRNA and protein levels...
October 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
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