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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436717/cardiovascular-disease-and-diagnosis-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-population-based-study
#1
Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Ryan M Seals, Ole Gredal, Murray A Mittleman, Johnni Hansen, Marc G Weisskopf
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly fatal neurodegenerative disease of unknown etiology. We investigated the association between ALS diagnosis and prior cardiovascular disease (CVD), and CVD-specific, hospital admissions in the Danish population. We conducted a population based nested case-control study, including 3182 Danish residents diagnosed with ALS at age ≥20 years (1982-2009) and 100 randomly selected controls for each case, matched on age, gender and vital status. We estimated odds ratios (OR) associated with CVD, and CVD-specific hospital admissions, adjusting for socioeconomic and marital status, region of residence and past diabetes and obesity diagnoses...
July 20, 2016: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21123936/-control-of-bone-remodeling-by-nervous-system-bone-metabolic-changes-in-neurological-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Fumiko Ishizaki, Tadasi Koyama, Tadashi Sunayashiki, Yoshio Murata, Tadayuki Iida, Toshihide Harada
We introduced the relationship between bone change and neurological disturbance in the patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD) , Parkinson's disease (PD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) . High incidence of osteoporosis and right/left difference in osteopenia are found in the diseases. CVD and PD patients with asymmetrical osteopenia show an association between clinical symptoms, peripheral circulatory symptoms, and predominant osteopenia. Although the muscle strength of PD patients was normal, the more severely affected side for PD symptoms and autonomic symptoms coincided with predominant osteopenia in the body...
December 2010: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18614820/chemical-analysis-of-impurity-boron-atoms-in-diamond-using-soft-x-ray-emission-spectroscopy
#3
Yasuji Muramatsu, Junji Iihara, Toshihiko Takebe, Jonathan D Denlinger
To analyze the local structure and/or chemical states of boron atoms in boron-doped diamond, which can be synthesized by the microwave plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition method (CVD-B-diamond) and the temperature gradient method at high pressure and high temperature (HPT-B-diamond), we measured the soft X-ray emission spectra in the CK and BK regions of B-diamonds using synchrotron radiation at the Advanced Light Source (ALS). X-ray spectral analyses using the fingerprint method and molecular orbital calculations confirm that boron atoms in CVD-B-diamond substitute for carbon atoms in the diamond lattice to form covalent B-C bonds, while boron atoms in HPT-B-diamond react with the impurity nitrogen atoms to form hexagonal boron nitride...
July 2008: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/3223224/central-motor-conduction-in-cerebrovascular-disease-and-motor-neuron-disease
#4
Y Ugawa, T Shimpo, T Mannen
Conduction in the central motor pathways was studied in 9 patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD), 13 with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and 3 with spinal progressive muscular atrophy (SPMA). Motor responses evoked in the limb by cortical, cervical and lumbar stimulations were recorded. The central conduction time (CCT) was calculated for each muscle. In patients with CVD, responses to cortical stimulation were unobtainable or delayed in the paretic limb muscles. In patients with ALS the abnormality of central motor conduction had significant correlation with the extensor plantar response...
October 1988: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1799499/-zinc-concentration-in-the-central-nervous-system-in-a-case-of-multiple-sclerosis-comparison-with-other-neurological-diseases
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M Yasui, T Kihira, K Ota, M Mukoyama, K Adachi, K Sasajima, S Iwata
The possible role of trace elements in a pathogenesis of central nervous system (CNS) on degenerative and demyelinating diseases has been suggested. Simultaneous measurements of Zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) concentration in CNS were undertaken by neutron activation analysis in CNS tissues: a patient with multiple sclerosis (MS), five patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), five with spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD), and five with cerebral infarction (CVD) in non-invasive area of CNS as control. Although Zn and Fe concentration were present in white matter and gray matter of CNS in each disease, 1) Zn concentration showed no special pattern in gray matter among four diseases, but decreased more in white matter of MS and ALS than that of CVD (p less than 0...
October 1991: Nō to Shinkei, Brain and Nerve
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