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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934724/integrating-health-into-local-climate-response-lessons-from-the-u-s-cdc-climate-ready-states-and-cities-initiative
#1
Mary C Sheehan, Mary A Fox, Charlotte Kaye, Beth Resnick
Public health has potential to serve as a frame to convey the urgency of behavior change needed to adapt to a changing climate and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Local governments form the backbone of climate-related public health preparedness. Yet local health agencies are often inadequately prepared and poorly integrated into climate change assessments and plans. We reviewed the climate health profiles of 16 states and two cities participating in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Climate-Ready States and Cities Initiative (CRSCI) that aims to build local capacity to assess and respond to the health impacts of climate change...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934299/a-novel-copro-diagnostic-molecular-method-for-qualitative-detection-and-identification-of-parasitic-nematodes-in-amphibians-and-reptiles
#2
Lucas G Huggins, Christopher J Michaels, Sheena M Cruickshank, Richard F Preziosi, Kathryn J Else
Anthropogenic disturbance via resource acquisition, habitat fragmentation and climate change, amongst other factors, has led to catastrophic global biodiversity losses and species extinctions at an accelerating rate. Amphibians are currently one of the worst affected classes with at least a third of species categorised as being threatened with extinction. At the same time, they are also critically important for many habitats and provide man with a powerful proxy for ecosystem health by acting as a bioindicator group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933371/the-evolution-of-pediatric-disease-a-moving-target-in-public-health
#3
Mark A Brown
There is a growing threat in the re-emergence of diseases that impact pediatric demographics. While major strides have been made in the field of childhood cancers, there are still more questions than answers. In addition, public resistance to recommended practices related to childhood vaccinations fueled by misinformation has allowed infectious diseases to resurface in developed nations. Meanwhile, climate change and other destabilizing factors are shifting vector populations and driving the emergence of new diseases...
August 31, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929882/supporting-hospital-renewal-through-strategic-environmental-sustainability-programs
#4
Peter Pisters, Belinda Bien, Stewart Dankner, Ed Rubinstein, Fatima Sheriff
Although the impact the environment can have on human health is well understood, the healthcare system's impact on the environment is a topic that's only been explored since the mid-1990s. More recent has been a realization of the risks that climate change poses to health and healthcare. Although there are numerous direct benefits for hospitals adapting environmental sustainability programs, this article examines how the systemic approach taken by the University Health Network's (UHN) Energy & Environment program not only improves the hospital's environmental performance and provides significant cost savings but also supports several areas of focus that are part of UHN's current journey of renewal...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928765/emerging-challenges-and-opportunities-for-education-and-research-in-weed-science
#5
REVIEW
Bhagirath S Chauhan, Amar Matloob, Gulshan Mahajan, Farhena Aslam, Singarayer K Florentine, Prashant Jha
In modern agriculture, with more emphasis on high input systems, weed problems are likely to increase and become more complex. With heightened awareness of adverse effects of herbicide residues on human health and environment and the evolution of herbicide-resistant weed biotypes, a significant focus within weed science has now shifted to the development of eco-friendly technologies with reduced reliance on herbicides. Further, with the large-scale adoption of herbicide-resistant crops, and uncertain climatic optima under climate change, the problems for weed science have become multi-faceted...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928720/potential-risk-areas-of-aedes-albopictus-in-south-eastern-iran-a-vector-of-dengue-fever-zika-and-chikungunya
#6
Jalil Nejati, Rubén Bueno-Marí, Francisco Collantes, Ahmad A Hanafi-Bojd, Hassan Vatandoost, Zabihollah Charrahy, Seyed M Tabatabaei, Mohammad R Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Abdolghafar Hasanzehi, Mohammad R Shirzadi, Seyed H Moosa-Kazemi, Mohammad M Sedaghat
The possibility of the rapid and global spread of Zika, chikungunya, yellow fever, and dengue fever by Aedes albopictus is well documented and may be facilitated by changes in climate. To avert and manage health risks, climatic and topographic information can be used to model and forecast which areas may be most prone to the establishment of Ae. albopictus. We aimed to weigh and prioritize the predictive value of various meteorological and climatic variables on distributions of Ae. albopictus in south-eastern Iran using the Analytical Hierarchy Process...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927433/modelling-the-current-distribution-and-predicted-spread-of-the-flea-species-ctenocephalides-felis-infesting-outdoor-dogs-in-spain
#7
Rosa Gálvez, Vicenzo Musella, Miguel A Descalzo, Ana Montoya, Rocío Checa, Valentina Marino, Oihane Martín, Giuseppe Cringoli, Laura Rinaldi, Guadalupe Miró
BACKGROUND: The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis, is the most prevalent flea species detected on dogs and cats in Europe and other world regions. The status of flea infestation today is an evident public health concern because of their cosmopolitan distribution and the flea-borne diseases transmission. This study determines the spatial distribution of the cat flea C. felis infesting dogs in Spain. Using geospatial tools, models were constructed based on entomological data collected from dogs during the period 2013-2015...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925970/current-status-of-rift-valley-fever-vaccine-development
#8
REVIEW
Bonto Faburay, Angelle Desiree LaBeaud, D Scott McVey, William C Wilson, Juergen A Richt
Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne zoonotic disease that presents a substantial threat to human and public health. It is caused by Rift Valley fever phlebovirus (RVFV), which belongs to the genus Phlebovirus and the family Phenuiviridae within the order Bunyavirales. The wide distribution of competent vectors in non-endemic areas coupled with global climate change poses a significant threat of the transboundary spread of RVFV. In the last decade, an improved understanding of the molecular biology of RVFV has facilitated significant progress in the development of novel vaccines, including DIVA (differentiating infected from vaccinated animals) vaccines...
September 19, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923460/the-mortality-burden-of-hourly-temperature-variability-in-five-capital-cities-australia-time-series-and-meta-regression-analysis
#9
Jian Cheng, Zhiwei Xu, Hilary Bambrick, Hong Su, Shilu Tong, Wenbiao Hu
BACKGROUND: Unstable weather, such as intra- and inter-day temperature variability, can impair the health and shorten the survival time of population around the world. Climate change will cause Earth's surface temperature rise, but has unclear effects on temperature variability, making it urgent to understand the characteristics of the burden of temperature variability on mortality, regionally and nationally. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to quantify the mortality risk of exposure to short-term temperature variability, estimate the resulting death toll and explore how the strength of temperature variability effects will vary as a function of city-level characteristics...
September 15, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915935/secondary-ion-mass-spectrometry-the-application-in-the-analysis-of-atmospheric-particulate-matter
#10
REVIEW
Di Huang, Xin Hua, Guang-Li Xiu, Yong-Jie Zheng, Xiao-Ying Yu, Yi-Tao Long
Currently, considerable attention has been paid to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) investigation due to its importance in human health and global climate change. Surface characterization, single particle analysis and depth profiling of PM is important for a better understanding of its formation processes and predicting its impact on the environment and human being. Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is a surface technique with high surface sensitivity, high spatial resolution chemical imaging and unique depth profiling capabilities...
October 9, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904964/plague-a-millenary-infectious-disease-reemerging-in-the-xxi-century
#11
REVIEW
A J Dos Santos Grácio, Maria Amélia A Grácio
Plague, in the Middle Ages known as Black Death, continues to occur at permanent foci in many countries, in Africa, Asia, South America, and even the USA. During the last years outbreaks were reported from at least 3 geographical areas, in all cases after tens of years without reported cases. The recent human plague outbreaks in Libya and Algeria suggest that climatic and other environmental changes in Northern Africa may be favourable for Y. pestis epidemiologic cycle. If so, other Northern Africa countries with plague foci also may be at risk for outbreaks in the near future...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887819/climate-change-global-health-and-nursing-scholarship
#12
EDITORIAL
Eileen Sullivan-Marx, Linda McCauley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887672/the-impact-of-sustained-hot-weather-on-risk-of-acute-work-related-injury-in-melbourne-australia
#13
Judith Anne McInnes, Ewan M MacFarlane, Malcolm R Sim, Peter Smith
It has been reported that weather-related high ambient temperature is associated with an increased risk of work-related injury. Understanding this relationship is important because work-related injuries are a major public health problem, and because projected climate changes will potentially expose workers to hot days, including consecutive hot days, more often. The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of exposure to sustained periods of hot weather on work-related injury risk for workers in Melbourne, Australia...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887502/synergies-between-urban-heat-island-and-heat-waves-in-athens-greece-during-an-extremely-hot-summer-2012
#14
Dimitra Founda, Mattheos Santamouris
Heat waves (HWs) are recognized as a serious threat for human health worldwide, with urban areas being more vulnerable due to the urban heat island (UHI) effect and population density. Yet, in the climate change context, HWs are becoming more frequent, stronger and longer, which, coupled with intensifying urbanization exacerbates thermal risk for urban residents. Despite the profound impact of this global phenomenon there is no clear consensus so far on possible synergies between UHIs and HWs. The study sheds light on the complex synergies between UHIs and HWs focusing on coastal sites...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886502/nature-based-solutions-in-the-eu-innovating-with-nature-to-address-social-economic-and-environmental-challenges
#15
Nicolas Faivre, Marco Fritz, Tiago Freitas, Birgit de Boissezon, Sofie Vandewoestijne
Contemporary societies are facing a broad range of challenges, from pressures on human health and well-being to natural capital depletion, and the security of food, water and energy. These challenges are deeply intertwined with global processes, such as climate change and with local events such as natural disasters. The EU's research & innovation (R&I) policy is now seeking to address these challenges from a new perspective, with Nature-Based Solutions, and turn them into innovation opportunities that optimise the synergies between nature, society and the economy...
September 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882186/more-fishers-and-fewer-martens-due-to-cumulative-effects-of-forest-management-and-climate-change-as-evidenced-from-local-knowledge
#16
Pauline Suffice, Hugo Asselin, Louis Imbeau, Marianne Cheveau, Pierre Drapeau
BACKGROUND: Monitoring of fur-bearing species populations is relatively rare due to their low densities. In addition to catch data, trappers' experience provides information on the ecology and status of the harvested species. Fisher (Pekania pennanti) and American marten (Martes americana) are mustelids that are sensitive to forest management and therefore considered to be ecological indicators of forest health. Fisher populations have increased in eastern North America since the early 2000s and this could have resulted in a northeastern extension of the species' range and increased overlap with marten's range...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881409/an-emerging-new-risk-analysis-science-foundations-and-implications
#17
Terje Aven
To solve real-life problems-such as those related to technology, health, security, or climate change-and make suitable decisions, risk is nearly always a main issue. Different types of sciences are often supporting the work, for example, statistics, natural sciences, and social sciences. Risk analysis approaches and methods are also commonly used, but risk analysis is not broadly accepted as a science in itself. A key problem is the lack of explanatory power and large uncertainties when assessing risk. This article presents an emerging new risk analysis science based on novel ideas and theories on risk analysis developed in recent years by the risk analysis community...
September 7, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880944/spatiotemporal-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-libya
#18
Ahmad Amro, Hamida Al-Dwibe, Aisha Gashout, Olga Moskalenko, Marlena Galafin, Omar Hamarsheh, Marcus Frohme, Anja Jaeschke, Gabriele Schönian, Katrin Kuhls
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a major public health problem in Libya. In this paper, we describe the eco-epidemiological parameters of CL during the armed conflict period from January 2011 till December 2012. Current spatiotemporal distributions of CL cases were explored and projected to the future using a correlative modelling approach. In addition the present results were compared with our previous data obtained for the time period 1995-2008. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We investigated 312 CL patients who presented to the Dermatology Department at the Tripoli Central Hospital and came from 81 endemic areas distributed in 10 districts...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866404/fresh-water-marine-and-terrestrial-cyanobacteria-display-distinct-allergen-characteristics
#19
Naama Lang-Yona, Anna Theresa Kunert, Lothar Vogel, Christopher Johannes Kampf, Iris Bellinghausen, Joachim Saloga, Anne Schink, Kira Ziegler, Kurt Lucas, Detlef Schuppan, Ulrich Pöschl, Bettina Weber, Janine Fröhlich-Nowoisky
During the last decades, global cyanobacteria biomass increased due to climate change as well as industrial usage for production of biofuels and food supplements. Thus, there is a need for thorough characterization of their potential health risks, including allergenicity. We therefore aimed to identify and characterize similarities in allergenic potential of cyanobacteria originating from the major ecological environments. Different cyanobacterial taxa were tested for immunoreactivity with IgE from allergic donors and non-allergic controls using immunoblot and ELISA...
August 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858826/updated-global-estimates-of-respiratory-mortality-in-adults-%C3%A2-30years-of-age-attributable-to-long-term-ozone-exposure
#20
Christopher S Malley, Daven K Henze, Johan C I Kuylenstierna, Harry W Vallack, Yanko Davila, Susan C Anenberg, Michelle C Turner, Mike R Ashmore
BACKGROUND: Relative risk estimates for long-term ozone (O3) exposure and respiratory mortality from the American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II (ACS CPS-II) cohort have been used to estimate global O3-attributable mortality in adults. Updated relative risk estimates are now available for the same cohort based on an expanded study population with longer follow-up. OBJECTIVES: We estimated the global burden and spatial distribution of respiratory mortality attributable to long-term O3 exposure in adults ≥30y of age using updated effect estimates from the ACS CPS-II cohort...
August 28, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
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