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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346868/circulation-of-zoonotic-arboviruses-in-equine-populations-of-mallorca-island-spain
#1
Jessica Vanhomwegen, Cécile Beck, Philippe Desprès, Amanda Figuerola, Ramón García, Sylvie Lecollinet, Marc López-Roig, Jean-Claude Manuguerra, Jordi Serra-Cobo
The presence of major arbovirus vector species, climate change that promotes the expansion and increase of their populations, and potential animal reservoirs mean that vector-borne diseases represent a significant health risk for Mallorca's inhabitants. Microbiological monitoring of circulating arboviruses, particularly flaviviruses causing encephalitis, was initiated using domestic horses from localities near wetlands as "sentinel" hosts. A total of 291 blood samples were taken from 172 horses between 2011 and 2012, using paired samples to highlight seroconversion events...
March 27, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344848/occupational-heat-stress-impacts-on-health-and-productivity-in-a-steel-industry-in-southern-india
#2
Manikandan Krishnamurthy, Paramesh Ramalingam, Kumaravel Perumal, Latha Perumal Kamalakannan, Jeremiah Chinnadurai, Rekha Shanmugam, Krishnan Srinivasan, Vidhya Venugopal
BACKGROUND: Workers laboring in steel industries in tropical settings with high ambient temperatures are subjected to thermally stressful environments that can create well-known risks of heat-related illnesses and limit workers' productivity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study undertaken in a steel industry in a city nicknamed "Steel City" in Southern India assessed thermal stress by wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and level of dehydration from urine color and urine specific gravity...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342661/climate-change-and-human-infectious-diseases-a-synthesis-of-research-findings-from-global-and-spatio-temporal-perspectives
#3
Lu Liang, Peng Gong
The life cycles and transmission of most infectious agents are inextricably linked with climate. In spite of a growing level of interest and progress in determining climate change effects on infectious disease, the debate on the potential health outcomes remains polarizing, which is partly attributable to the varying effects of climate change, different types of pathogen-host systems, and spatio-temporal scales. We summarize the published evidence and show that over the past few decades, the reported negative or uncertain responses of infectious diseases to climate change has been growing...
March 22, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342535/-professional-stressors-and-common-mental-health-disorders-causal-links
#4
C Nicolas, N Chawky, C Jourdan-Ionescu, M-S Drouin, C Page, N Houlfort, G Beauchamp, M Séguin
According to the World Health Organization, depression has become the leading cause of disability in the world, contributing significantly to the burden of health issues especially in the industrialized countries. This is a major public health problem, with potential impact on work climates, productivity at work and the continued existence of the organizations. Some recent studies have examined potential links between professional factors and common mental health disorders, but none have demonstrated a direct causal link...
March 22, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342350/challenges-for-tree-officers-to-enhance-the-provision-of-regulating-ecosystem-services-from-urban-forests
#5
Helen J Davies, Kieron J Doick, Malcolm D Hudson, Kate Schreckenberg
Urbanisation and a changing climate are leading to more frequent and severe flood, heat and air pollution episodes in Britain's cities. Interest in nature-based solutions to these urban problems is growing, with urban forests potentially able to provide a range of regulating ecosystem services such as stormwater attenuation, heat amelioration and air purification. The extent to which these benefits are realized is largely dependent on urban forest management objectives, the availability of funding, and the understanding of ecosystem service concepts within local governments, the primary delivery agents of urban forests...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339420/a-pilot-study-of-a-worksite-based-participatory-intervention-program-its-acceptability-and-short-term-effects-on-work-climate-and-attitudes-in-human-service-employees
#6
Eva Charlotta Nylén, Petra Lindfors, Lars Ishäll, Sara Göransson, Gunnar Aronsson, Camilla Kylin, Magnus Sverke
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338613/slum-upgrading-and-health-equity
#7
Jason Corburn, Alice Sverdlik
Informal settlement upgrading is widely recognized for enhancing shelter and promoting economic development, yet its potential to improve health equity is usually overlooked. Almost one in seven people on the planet are expected to reside in urban informal settlements, or slums, by 2030. Slum upgrading is the process of delivering place-based environmental and social improvements to the urban poor, including land tenure, housing, infrastructure, employment, health services and political and social inclusion...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335823/the-forge-ahead-clinical-readiness-consultation-tool-a-validated-tool-to-assess-clinical-readiness-for-chronic-disease-care-mobilization-in-canada-s-first-nations
#8
Mariam Naqshbandi Hayward, Selam Mequanint, Jann Paquette-Warren, Ross Bailie, Alexandra Chirila, Roland Dyck, Michael Green, Anthony Hanley, Jordan Tompkins, Stewart Harris
BACKGROUND: Given the astounding rates of diabetes and related complications, and the barriers to providing care present in Indigenous communities in Canada, intervention strategies that take into account contextual factors such as readiness to mobilize are needed to maximize improvements and increase the likelihood of success and sustainment. As part of the national FORGE AHEAD Program, we sought to develop, test and validate a clinical readiness consultation tool aimed at assessing the readiness of clinical teams working on-reserve in First Nations communities to participate in quality improvement (QI) to enhance diabetes care in Canada...
March 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335428/an-updated-review-of-ciguatera-fish-poisoning-clinical-epidemiological-environmental-and-public-health-management
#9
REVIEW
Melissa A Friedman, Mercedes Fernandez, Lorraine C Backer, Robert W Dickey, Jeffrey Bernstein, Kathleen Schrank, Steven Kibler, Wendy Stephan, Matthew O Gribble, Paul Bienfang, Robert E Bowen, Stacey Degrasse, Harold A Flores Quintana, Christopher R Loeffler, Richard Weisman, Donna Blythe, Elisa Berdalet, Ram Ayyar, Danielle Clarkson-Townsend, Karen Swajian, Ronald Benner, Tom Brewer, Lora E Fleming
Ciguatera Fish Poisoning (CFP) is the most frequently reported seafood-toxin illness in the world. It causes substantial human health, social, and economic impacts. The illness produces a complex array of gastrointestinal, neurological and neuropsychological, and cardiovascular symptoms, which may last days, weeks, or months. This paper is a general review of CFP including the human health effects of exposure to ciguatoxins (CTXs), diagnosis, human pathophysiology of CFP, treatment, detection of CTXs in fish, epidemiology of the illness, global dimensions, prevention, future directions, and recommendations for clinicians and patients...
March 14, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333994/chronic-environmental-stress-enhances-tolerance-to-seasonal-gradual-warming-in-marine-mussels
#10
Ionan Marigómez, Maria Múgica, Urtzi Izagirre, Inna M Sokolova
In global climate change scenarios, seawater warming acts in concert with multiple stress sources, which may enhance the susceptibility of marine biota to thermal stress. Here, the responsiveness to seasonal gradual warming was investigated in temperate mussels from a chronically stressed population in comparison with a healthy one. Stressed and healthy mussels were subjected to gradual temperature elevation for 8 days (1°C per day; fall: 16-24°C, winter: 12-20°C, summer: 20-28°C) and kept at elevated temperature for 3 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333743/climate-change-and-mental-health
#11
Janna Trombley, Stephanie Chalupka, Laura Anderko
: Climate change is an enormous challenge for our communities, our country, and our world. Recently much attention has been paid to the physical impacts of climate change, including extreme heat events, droughts, extreme storms, and rising sea levels. However, much less attention has been paid to the psychological impacts. This article examines the likely psychological impacts of climate change, including anxiety, stress, and depression; increases in violence and aggression; and loss of community identity. Nurses can play a vital role in local and regional climate strategies by preparing their patients, health care facilities, and communities to effectively address the anticipated mental health impacts of climate change...
April 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333081/hyperspectral-monitoring-of-green-roof-vegetation-health-state-in-sub-mediterranean-climate-preliminary-results
#12
Patrizia Piro, Michele Porti, Simone Veltri, Emanuela Lupo, Monica Moroni
In urban and industrial environments, the constant increase of impermeable surfaces has produced drastic changes in the natural hydrological cycle. Decreasing green areas not only produce negative effects from a hydrological-hydraulic perspective, but also from an energy point of view, modifying the urban microclimate and generating, as shown in the literature, heat islands in our cities. In this context, green infrastructures may represent an environmental compensation action that can be used to re-equilibrate the hydrological and energy balance and reduce the impact of pollutant load on receiving water bodies...
March 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329925/-attaching-importance-to-study-on-acute-health-risk-assessment-and-adaptation-of-air-pollution-and-climate-change
#13
X M Shi
Air pollution and climate change have become key environmental and public health problems around the world, which poses serious threat to human health. How to assess and mitigate the health risks and increase the adaptation of the public have become an urgent topic of research in this area. The six papers in this issue will provide important and rich information on design, analysis method, indicator selection and setting about acute health risk assessment and adaptation study of air pollution and climate change in China, reflecting the advanced conceptions of multi-center and area-specific study and multi-pollutant causing acute effect study...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325534/association-between-meteorological-factors-and-hepatitis-a-in-spain-2010-2014
#14
Pedro Gullón, Carmen Varela, Elena Vanessa Martínez, Diana Gómez-Barroso
BACKGROUND: There is growing concern of how climate change could affect public health, due to the increase number of extreme climate events. Hence, the study of the role that climate events play on the distribution of waterborne diseases, like Hepatitis A, could be key for developing new prevention approaches. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between climate factors and Hepatitis A in Spain between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: Weekly Hepatitis A cases between 2010 and 2014 were obtained from the Spanish Epidemiology Surveillance Network...
March 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321974/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-reveals-trends-and-gaps-in-integrated-pest-management-studies-conducted-in-the-usa
#15
Stephen L Young
Integrated pest management (IPM) is a broad-based approach for addressing pests that negatively affect human and environmental health and economic profitability. Weeds, insects, and disease-causing pathogens (diseases) are the pests most often associated with IPM. A systematic review, widely used in other scientific disciplines, was employed to determine the most commonly studied IPM topics and summarize the reasons for these trends and the gaps. In a field synopsis of the literature, 1,679 relevant published papers were identified and categorized into one of the following five broad areas: IPM and organic (organic), climate change and pests (climate), rural and urban IPM (rural and urban), next generation education (education), and advanced production systems (technology)...
March 20, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321366/climate-change-induced-range-shifts-of-three-allergenic-ragweeds-ambrosia-l-in-europe-and-their-potential-impact-on-human-health
#16
Karen Rasmussen, Jakob Thyrring, Robert Muscarella, Finn Borchsenius
Invasive allergenic plant species may have severe health-related impacts. In this study we aim to predict the effects of climate change on the distribution of three allergenic ragweed species (Ambrosia spp.) in Europe and discuss the potential associated health impact. We built species distribution models based on presence-only data for three ragweed species, using MAXENT software. Future climatic habitat suitability was modeled under two IPCC climate change scenarios (RCP 6.0 and RCP 8.5). We quantify the extent of the increase in 'high allergy risk' (HAR) areas, i...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320440/ecological-niche-modeling-of-rabies-in-the-changing-arctic-of-alaska
#17
Falk Huettmann, Emily Elizabeth Magnuson, Karsten Hueffer
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a disease of global significance including in the circumpolar Arctic. In Alaska enzootic rabies persist in northern and western coastal areas. Only sporadic cases have occurred in areas outside of the regions considered enzootic for the virus, such as the interior of the state and urbanized regions. RESULTS: Here we examine the distribution of diagnosed rabies cases in Alaska, explicit in space and time. We use a geographic information system (GIS), 20 environmental data layers and provide a quantitative non-parsimonious estimate of the predicted ecological niche, based on data mining, machine learning and open access data...
March 20, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319625/photoprotection-prevents-skin-cancer-let-s-make-it-fashionable-to-wear-sun-protective-clothing
#18
Jeffrey M Milch, Nicholas F Logemann
Protection from UV radiation (UVR) is of paramount importance in preventing skin cancers, the majority of which occur on sun-exposed areas of the face, ears, and neck. A reusable, inexpensive, and truly simple measure of personal protection that greatly reduces exposure to UVR, thereby reducing the risk for developing skin cancers, can be achieved simply by regularly wearing a wide-brimmed hat. In some areas of the world where sunny climates are pervasive and exposure to UVR is part of everyday life, fashion trends, policy, and public health initiatives are in sync, and photoprotection with wide-brimmed hats is embraced as a common and fashionable practice...
February 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318957/oceanic-meteorological-conditions-influence-incidence-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#19
Thierry Patrice, Bertrand Rozec, Hubert Desal, Yvonnick Blanloeil
OBJECTIVE: Publications concerning the weather pattern of occurrence of the subarachnoid hemorrhage have produced controversial results. We chose to study subarachnoid hemorrhage occurring in oceanic climate with deep variations focusing on partial oxygen volume (pO2) and patient history. METHODS: Seventy-one patients had been successively recruited from a single center 45 km from the Atlantic shore. Climate conditions had been analyzed from 72 hours before subarachnoid hemorrhage to 24 hours after...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317479/climate-changes-and-human-health-a-review-of-the-effect-of-environmental-stressors-on-cardiovascular-diseases-across-epidemiology-and-biological-mechanisms
#20
Paolo Giorgini, Paolo Di Giosia, Marco Petrarca, Francesco Lattanzio, Cosimo Andrea Stamerra, Claudio Ferri
BACKGROUND: Climate change is rapidly affecting all the regions of our planet. The most relevant example is global warming, which impacts on the earth's ecosystems, threatening human health. Other effects include extreme variations in temperature and increases in air pollution. These events may negatively impact mortality and morbidity for cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: In this review, we discuss the main effects of climate changes on cardiovascular diseases, reporting the epidemiological evidences and the biological mechanisms linking climate change consequences to hypertension, diabetes, ischemic heart diseases, heart failure and stroke...
March 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
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