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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785319/a-multi-faceted-pandemic-a-review-of-the-state-of-knowledge-on-the-zika-virus
#1
REVIEW
Anneliese Depoux, Aline Philibert, Serge Rabier, Henri-Jean Philippe, Arnaud Fontanet, Antoine Flahault
While until recently the small and isolated Zika outbreaks in Eastern Asia and Pacific islands had been overlooked, the large-scale outbreak that started in Brazil in 2015 and the increase of microcephaly cases in the same place and time made media headlines. Considered as harmless until recently, Zika has given rise to an important global crisis that poses not only health challenges but also environmental, economical, social, and ethical challenges for states and people around the world. The main objective of this paper is to review the recent Zika outbreak by covering a broad range of disciplines and their interactions...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781429/turning-climate-change-legislation-into-public-health-policy
#2
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781219/disentangling-the-effects-of-acidic-air-pollution-atmospheric-co-2-and-climate-change-on-recent-growth-of-red-spruce-trees-in-the-central-appalachian-mountains
#3
Justin M Mathias, Richard B Thomas
In the 45 years after legislation of the Clean Air Act, there has been tremendous progress in reducing acidic air pollutants in the eastern United States, yet limited evidence exists that cleaner air has improved forest health. Here, we investigate the influence of recent environmental changes on the growth and physiology of red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) trees, a key indicator species of forest health, spanning three locations along a 100 km transect in the Central Appalachian Mountains. We incorporated a multiproxy approach using 75-year tree ring chronologies of basal tree growth, carbon isotope discrimination (∆13 C, a proxy for leaf gas exchange), and δ15 N (a proxy for ecosystem N status) to examine tree and ecosystem level responses to environmental change...
May 20, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780026/teaching-the-relationship-between-health-and-climate-change-a-systematic-scoping-review-protocol
#4
Tasnime Osama, David Brindley, Azeem Majeed, Kris A Murray, Hiral Shah, Mel Toumazos, Michelle Van Velthoven, Josip Car, Glenn Wells, Edward Meinert
INTRODUCTION: The observed and projected impacts of climate change on human health are significant. While climate change has gathered global momentum and is taught frequently, the extent to which the relationships between climate change and health are taught remains uncertain. Education provides an opportunity to create public engagement on these issues, but the extent to which historical implementation of climate health education could be leveraged is not well understood. To address this gap, we propose to conduct a scoping review of all forms of teaching that have been used to illustrate the health effects of climate change between 2005 and 2017, coinciding with a turning point in the public health and climate change agendas following the 2005 Group of 7/8 (G7/8) Summit...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779921/challenges-of-cold-chain-quality-for-routine-epi-in-south-west-burkina-faso-an-assessment-using-automated-temperature-recording-devices
#5
C Sow, C Sanou, C Medah, M Schlumberger, F Mireux, I Ouédraogo, S M Ouédraogo, E Betsem
BACKGROUND: Abnormal temperatures are a major issue for vaccines within the Expanded Program of Immunization in tropical climates. Prolonged exposure to temperatures outside the standard +2 °C/+8 °C range can impact vaccine potency. METHODS: The current study used automatic temperature recording devices (Testostore 171-1©) to monitor cold chain in remote areas of Western Burkina Faso. A series of 25 randomly selected health centers representing 33% of the existing 176 EPI facilities in Western Burkina Faso were prospectively assessed for eight months in 2015...
May 17, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778407/the-current-status-of-coral-reefs-and-their-vulnerability-to-climate-change-and-multiple-human-stresses-in-the-comoros-archipelago-western-indian-ocean
#6
B Cowburn, M A Samoilys, D Obura
Coral bleaching and various human stressors have degraded the coral reefs of the Comoros Archipelago in the past 40 years and rising atmospheric CO2 levels are predicted to further impact marine habitats. The condition of reefs in the Comoros is poorly known; using SCUBA based methods we surveyed reef condition and resilience to bleaching at sites in Grande Comore and Mohéli in 2010 and 2016. The condition of reefs was highly variable, with a range in live coral cover between 6% and 60% and target fishery species biomass between 20 and 500 kg per ha...
May 16, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776377/shifts-in-borrelia-burgdorferi-s-l-geno-species-infections-in-ixodes-ricinus-over-a-10-year-surveillance-period-in-the-city-of-hanover-germany-and-borrelia-miyamotoi-specific-reverse-line-blot-detection
#7
Katrin Blazejak, Marie-Kristin Raulf, Elisabeth Janecek, Daniela Jordan, Volker Fingerle, Christina Strube
BACKGROUND: Lyme borreliosis caused by spirochetes of the Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) complex is still the most common tick-borne disease in Europe, posing a considerable threat to public health. The predominant vector in Europe is the widespread hard tick Ixodes ricinus, which also transmits the relapsing fever spirochete B. miyamotoi as well as pathogenic Rickettsiales (Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Rickettsia spp.). To assess the public health risk, a long-term monitoring of tick infection rates with the named pathogens is indispensable...
May 18, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775945/greenhouse-gas-emissions-reduction-in-different-economic-sectors-mitigation-measures-health-co-benefits-knowledge-gaps-and-policy-implications
#8
REVIEW
Jinghong Gao, Hongli Hou, Yunkai Zhai, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Liping Li, Xiaoqin Song, Lei Xu, Bohan Meng, Xiaobo Liu, Jun Wang, Jie Zhao, Qiyong Liu
To date, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, mitigation strategies and the accompanying health co-benefits in different economic sectors have not been fully investigated. The purpose of this paper is to review comprehensively the evidence on GHG mitigation measures and the related health co-benefits, identify knowledge gaps, and provide recommendations to promote further development and implementation of climate change response policies. Evidence on GHG emissions, abatement measures and related health co-benefits has been observed at regional, national and global levels, involving both low- and high-income societies...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772355/safety-assessment-of-morus-nigra-l-leaves-acute-and-subacute-oral-toxicity-studies-in-wistar-rats
#9
Kassia Caroline Figueredo, Camille Gaube Guex, Fernanda Ziegler Reginato, Andreia Regina Haas da Silva, Gabriela Buzatti Cassanego, Cibele Lima Lhamas, Aline Augusti Boligon, Gilberti Helena Hübscher Lopes, Liliane de Freitas Bauermann
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Morus nigra L. is a plant native to Asia, and well adapted to the Brazilian climate. It is popularly known as "amoreira preta", and is part of the National List of Plants of Interest to the Brazilian Unified Health System. It is used in folk medicine mainly to soften the effects of menopause, as anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic and antihypertensive. However, information on safe doses and use is still precarious. AIM OF THE STUDY: To identify the chemical composition of the ethanolic extract of Morus nigra L...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772207/the-role-of-farming-and-rural-development-as-central-to-our-diets
#10
Jessica Fanzo
Farming and rural development are central to the diversity of global food systems and diets, both significant factors in determining the nutrition and health outcomes of the world's population. Diets are not static and indeed are changing due to globalization, urbanization and demographic shifts. In addition, multiple burdens of malnutrition (both undernutrition and overweight and obesity) are not improving fast enough and in some cases, reversing for the worse. Unhealthy diets are major contributors to these burdens...
May 14, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770962/factors-influencing-arab-nursing-students-attitudes-toward-climate-change-and-environmental-sustainability-and-their-inclusion-in-nursing-curricula
#11
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Rhea Faye D Felicilda-Reynaldo, Farhan Alshammari, Nahed Alquwez, Jerico G Alicante, Khamees B Obaid, Hanan Ebrahim Abd El Aziz Rady, Mohammad Qtait, John Paul Ben T Silang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors influencing the attitudes of Bachelor of Science in Nursing students toward climate change and environmental sustainability and the inclusion of these concepts in the nursing curricula of four Arab countries. METHOD: A convenience sample of 1,059 students from four Arab countries was surveyed using the Environmental Sustainability Attitudes in Nursing Survey-2 (SANS-2) questionnaire in this descriptive-comparative study. RESULTS: The majority of the respondents exhibited positive attitudes toward the five items of SANS-2, with "Environmental sustainability is an important issue for nursing" receiving the lowest mean score and "Issues about climate change should be included in the nursing curriculum" receiving the highest mean score...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770047/emerging-infectious-diseases-prediction-and-detection
#12
N H Ogden, P AbdelMalik, Jrc Pulliam
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs), including West Nile virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Lyme disease, have had a direct effect within Canada, while many more EIDs such as Zika, chikungunya and Ebola are a threat to Canadians while travelling. Over 75% of EIDs affecting humans are, or were originally, zoonoses (infectious diseases transmitted from animals to humans). There are two main ways by which infectious diseases can emerge: by changes in their geographical ranges and by adaptive emergence, a genetic change in a microorganism that results in it becoming capable of invading a new niche, often by jumping to a new host species such as humans...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764661/interactions-between-pesticides-and-pathogen-susceptibility-in-honey-bees
#13
REVIEW
Scott T O'Neal, Troy D Anderson, Judy Y Wu-Smart
There exist a variety of factors that negatively impact the health and survival of managed honey bee colonies, including the spread of parasites and pathogens, loss of habitat, reduced availability or quality of food resources, climate change, poor queen quality, changing cultural and commercial beekeeping practices, as well as exposure to agricultural and apicultural pesticides both in the field and in the hive. These factors are often closely intertwined, and it is unlikely that a single stressor is driving colony losses...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764403/meteorological-factors-affecting-dengue-incidence-in-davao-philippines
#14
Jesavel A Iguchi, Xerxes T Seposo, Yasushi Honda
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is a major public health concern in the Philippines, and has been a significant cause of hospitalizations and deaths among young children. Previous literature links climate change to dengue, and with increasingly unpredictable changing climate patterns, there is a need to understand how these meteorological variables affect dengue incidence in a highly endemic area. METHODS: Weekly dengue incidences (2011-2015) in Davao Region, Philippines were obtained from the Department of Health...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764319/rabies-in-alaska-from-the-past-to-an-uncertain-future
#15
Karsten Hueffer, Molly Murphy
Rabies is a serious zoonotic disease with significant public health consequences in the circumpolar North. Recent studies have advanced our understanding of the disease ecology in Alaska. In this paper, we review historical records of rabies in Alaska ranging from the late nineteenth century to the present, analyse the public health impact in the state and review studies on disease ecology before assessing challenges and anticipated altered disease dynamics in the face of a rapidly changing North. Rabies is a disease that has been present in Alaska continuously for over 100 years...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762789/an-optimist-s-view-on-limiting-necrotic-enteritis-and-maintaining-broiler-gut-health-and-performance-in-today-s-marketing-food-safety-and-regulatory-climate
#16
Charles L Hofacre, John A Smith, Greg F Mathis
The future poultry nutritionist, veterinarian, and husbandryman will have many new regulatory requirements and consumer preferences to navigate in addition to their normal responsibility of raising birds in a cost-efficient and wholesome manner. New challenges include changes to antibiotic use, increased food safety regulations, and more concern over how birds are raised and how to dispose of poultry house waste. All of these new programs and new regulations will alter how we have been raising birds for the last 60 years since the inception of the integrated poultry industry...
June 1, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760887/distribution-of-alien-animal-species-richness-in-the-czech-republic
#17
Radek Gebauer, Jan Divíšek, Miloš Buřič, Martin Večeřa, Antonín Kouba, Bořek Drozd
Biogeographical barriers formed by natural forces over billions of years have been substantially disrupted by human activity, particularly in recent centuries. In response to these anthropogenic changes, global homogenization of biota is observed at an ever-increasing rate, causing environmental and economic losses as well as emerging health risks. Identifying factors underlying alien species richness is essential for prevention of future introductions and subsequent spread. In this study, we examined the effects of environmental and human-related factors on distribution of alien animal species richness in the Czech Republic (Central Europe)...
May 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759076/threats-of-zika-virus-transmission-for-asia-and-its-hindu-kush-himalayan-region
#18
Meghnath Dhimal, Sushma Dahal, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Shiva Raj Mishra, Khem B Karki, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Ubydul Haque, Md Iqbal Kabir, Pradeep Guin, Azeem Mehmood Butt, Harapan Harapan, Qi-Yong Liu, Cordia Chu, Doreen Montag, David Alexander Groneberg, Basu Dev Pandey, Ulrich Kuch, Ruth Müller
Asia and its Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is particularly vulnerable to environmental change, especially climate and land use changes further influenced by rapid population growth, high level of poverty and unsustainable development. Asia has been a hotspot of dengue fever and chikungunya mainly due to its dense human population, unplanned urbanization and poverty. In an urban cycle, dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV) are transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes which are also competent vectors of Zika virus (ZIKV)...
May 15, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755105/current-and-potential-future-seasonal-trends-of-indoor-dwelling-temperature-and-likely-health-risks-in-rural-southern-africa
#19
Thandi Kapwata, Michael T Gebreslasie, Angela Mathee, Caradee Yael Wright
Climate change has resulted in rising temperature trends which have been associated with changes in temperature extremes globally. Attendees of Conference of the Parties (COP) 21 agreed to strive to limit the rise in global average temperatures to below 2 °C compared to industrial conditions, the target being 1.5 °C. However, current research suggests that the African region will be subjected to more intense heat extremes over a shorter time period, with projections predicting increases of 4⁻6 °C for the period 2071⁻2100, in annual average maximum temperatures for southern Africa...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754002/trichoderma-harzianum-inhibition-of-mycotoxin-producing-fungi-and-toxin-biosynthesis
#20
H Braun, L Woitsch, B Hetzer, R Geisen, B Zange, M Schmidt-Heydt
A quarter of the world-wide crop is spoiled by filamentous fungi and their mycotoxins and weather extremes associated with the climate change lead to further deterioration of the situation. The ingestion of mycotoxins causes several health issues leading in the worst case to cancer in humans and animals. Common intervention strategies against mycotoxin producing fungi, such as the application of fungicides, may result in undesirable residues and in some cases to a stress induction of mycotoxin biosynthesis...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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