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Kavitha S Dalal, Mary Barna Bridgeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Nursing
Devendra V Patil, Milind S Phadke, Jivtesh S Pahwa, Ashwin B Dalal
Familial constrictive pericarditis is extremely rare. We report a case of two brothers both suffering constrictive pericarditis along with having multiple painless joint deformities. Genetic workup confirmed the clinical diagnosis of camptodactyly-arthropathy-coxa vara-pericarditis (CACP) syndrome CACP syndrome and also revealed a rare mutation in the causative gene.
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
S A Buckingham, R S Taylor, K Jolly, A Zawada, S G Dean, A Cowie, R J Norton, H M Dalal
OBJECTIVE: To update the Cochrane review comparing the effects of home-based and supervised centre-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on mortality and morbidity, quality of life, and modifiable cardiac risk factors in patients with heart disease. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched up to October 2014, without language restriction. Randomised trials comparing home-based and centre-based CR programmes in adults with myocardial infarction, angina, heart failure or who had undergone coronary revascularisation were included...
2016: Open Heart
Mehul R Dalal, Mahmood R Kazemi, Fen Ye
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of 6-month hypoglycemia on treatment discontinuation and hospitalization of patients initiating basal insulin for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in real-world practice. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patient-level data using electronic medical records (EMR) in the Predictive Health Intelligence diabetes dataset. Data from adult patients with T2D initiating basal insulin glargine, insulin detemir, or Neutral Protamine Hagedorn insulin between January 2008 and March 2014 were analyzed...
October 14, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Jamshed J Dalal, Anil Dhall, Abhay Bhave
Oral vitamin K antagonists (VKA) such as warfarin have been the mainstay of therapy for stroke prevention in patients with non valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) while low-molecular-weight heparin, fondaparinux and adjusted-dose warfarin or aspirin have been routinely used for thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement. However, VKAs are associated with considerable limitations, including increased risk of bleeding and narrow therapeutic window. Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs, now referred as Non Vit K dependent oral anticoagulants), including the direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran and direct Factor Xa inhibitors such as rivaroxaban and apixaban are now approved alternatives to warfarin for prophylaxis of stroke and systemic embolic events (SEE) in patients with NVAF and treatment and prophylaxis of VTE...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
E C Laurence, J Volmink, T M Esterhuizen, S Dalal, M D Holmes
BACKGROUND: The accelerating epidemic of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs) highlights the need to establish long-term cohort studies in Africa. OBJECTIVE: The Partnership for Cohort Research and Training (PaCT) seeks to study NCDs in South Africa (SA), Uganda, Tanzania and Nigeria on a long-term basis. Pilot studies at each site have tested feasibility. The SA site additionally studied the prevalence of CVD risk factors and categorised participants' 10-year predicted risk of a cardiovascular event...
September 23, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Bibhas Saha Dalal, Piyabi Sarkar, Namrata Maity, Sayed Mahmood Nadeem
Soft tissue amyloidoma with features similar to plasmacytoma, in absence of systemic amyloidosis, is an extremely rare finding. We hereby report the case of a 77 year old man who presented with a painless, nodular swelling on chest wall, diagnosed as soft tissue amyloidoma with plasma cell infiltration. Congo red staining was done to prove the presence of amyloid which showed characteristic "apple-green" birefringence on polarized microscopy. The plasma cells were monoclonal in origin as demonstrated by serum protein and immunofixation electrophoresis...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Kathy L Schulman, Lois E Lamerato, Mehul R Dalal, Jennifer Sung, Mehul Jhaveri, Andrew Koren, Usha G Mallya, JoAnne M Foody
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate algorithms to define statin intolerance (SI) in an administrative database using electronic medical records (EMRs) as the reference comparison. METHODS: One thousand adults with one or more qualifying changes in statin therapy and one or more previous diagnoses of hyperlipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, or mixed dyslipidemia were identified from the Henry Ford Health System administrative database. Data regarding statin utilization, comorbidities, and adverse effects were extracted from the administrative database and corresponding EMR...
September 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Fahd Adeeb, Manal Tayel, Dalal M El Kaffash, Khairunnisa Mohd Idris, Muhammad Fikri Abu Hassan, Alexander Duncan Fraser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
Dalal Varsha, Manveen Kaur, Neena Chaudhary, Fouzia Siraj
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a relatively rare and unique disease characterized by an abnormal proliferation of immature dendritic cells. It is predominantly seen in children with adults showing less than ten times the incidence compared to childhood. The clinical presentation and organ involvement is highly variable. Oral manifestations generally consist of mucosal ulceration associated with lesions of the underlying bone. Lesions limited to the oral mucosa are rare. We present a case of a 45-year-old male who presented with an ulcer on the hard palate showing histopathologic features of LCH...
2016: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
May N Tsao, Emily Sinclair, Dalal Assaad, Jeff Fialkov, Oleh Antonyshyn, Elizabeth Barnes
OBJECTIVE: Kaposi sarcoma (KS) lesions are purplish, reddish blue or dark brown/black macules, plaques or nodules which involve the skin and occasionally internal organs. Most patients with KS have a long indolent chronic course. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken for all KS skin patients treated with radiotherapy at a tertiary cancer centre from Jan. 2, 1999 to Dec. 31, 2014 (inclusive). RESULTS: A total of 47 patients with KS (43 classical, 0 African, 1 iatrogenic, 3 AIDS related) were seen in the multidisciplinary clinic...
August 25, 2016: Annals of Palliative Medicine
S Shirodkar, L Anande, A Dalal, C Desai, G Corrêa, M Das, C Laxmeshwar, H Mansoor, D Remartinez, M Trelles, P Isaakidis
Setting: While surgery for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is considered an important adjunct for specific cases, including drug-resistant tuberculosis, operational evidence on its feasibility and effectiveness is limited. Objective: To describe surgical outcomes and programmatic challenges of providing surgery for PTB in Mumbai, India. Design: A descriptive study of routinely collected data of surgical interventions for PTB from 2010 to 2014 in two Mumbai hospitals, one public, one private. Results: Of 85 patients, 5 (6%) died and 17 (20%) had complications, with wound infection being the most frequent...
September 2016: Public Health Action
Nai-Huan Hsiung, Yen Yang, Ming Shinn Lee, Koustuv Dalal, Graeme D Smith
This study describes the cultural adaptation and testing of the behavioral pain scale (BPS) and the critical-care pain observation tools (CPOT) for pain assessment in Taiwan. The cross-cultural adaptation followed the steps of translation, including forward translation, back-translation, evaluation of the translations by a committee of experts, adjustments, and then piloting of the prefinal versions of the BPS and the CPOT. A content validity index was used to assess content validities of the BPS and the CPOT, with 0...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Gerry Oster, Sean D Sullivan, Mehul R Dalal, Mahmood R Kazemi, Maria Rojeski, Carol H Wysham, Jennifer Sung, Bryan Johnstone, Anna M G Cali, L J Wei, Louise Traylor, Henry Anhalt, Michelle Hull, John Van Vleet, Luigi F Meneghini
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the effectiveness of insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) with its accompanying patient support program with that of other basal insulin and available patient support programs in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in a real-world setting in terms of achieving HEDIS (Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set) individualized glycemic targets without documented symptomatic hypoglycemia. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Achieve Control is a US-based, multicenter, randomized, open-label, active-controlled, parallel group pragmatic Phase IV trial in insulin-naïve patients with T2D uncontrolled on ≥2 oral antidiabetes drugs (OAD) and/or glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor antagonists (GLP-1 RA)...
October 3, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
S Rakhra, S Gutiontov, P Dalal, J B Bell, A Butala, E D Donnelly, J P Hayes, D R Gius, I Helenoswki, J B Strauss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Ori Schnitzer, Joslyn F Gober, Kevin Dalal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Kimberly Ross, Usker Naqvi, Alexander Harrington, Kevin Dalal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Peter M Kopittke, Ram C Dalal, Damien Finn, Neal W Menzies
Quantifying changes in stocks of C, N, P, and S in agricultural soils is important not only for managing these soils sustainably as required to feed a growing human population, but for C and N, they are also important for understanding fluxes of greenhouse gases from the soil environment. In a global meta-analysis, 102 studies were examined to investigate changes in soil stocks of organic C, total N, total P, and total S associated with long-term land-use changes. Conversion of native vegetation to cropping resulted in substantial losses of C (-1...
September 27, 2016: Global Change Biology
J J Dalal, P Amin, A S Ansari, A Bhave, R G Bhagwat, A Challani, A V Ganeshkumar, R Gupta, A Hegde, P Karnik, Z Khan, S Mehta, H Ravat, S Rajan, C Tulsigiri
: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients. Although the exact epidemiology of PE is not known in India, Some of the studies show that more frequently it is missed and not managed appropriately leading to significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Justification and purpose: Indian guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute PE are not yet formulated. The objective of this consensus statement is to propose a diagnostic and management approach for acute PE in India...
December 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Robert S Zeiger, Michael Schatz, Anand A Dalal, Wansu Chen, Ekaterina Sadikova, Robert Y Suruki, Aniket A Kawatkar, Lei Qian
BACKGROUND: Severe uncontrolled asthma (SUA) is associated with increased asthma exacerbations. Whether high blood eosinophil counts are related to this burden is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship of blood eosinophil counts to asthma exacerbations, utilization, and cost in patients with SUA. METHODS: Patients with persistent asthma (age ≥ 12 years) were identified administratively with SUA in phase I by evidencing (1) 2 or more asthma exacerbations; (2) 6 or more medium- or high-dose dispensed canisters of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) as monotherapy or with long-acting β2-agonist; and (3) 3 or more dispensed non-ICS controllers...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
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