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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324980/traits-determining-the-digestibility-decomposability-relationships-in-species-from-mediterranean-rangelands
#1
Iris Bumb, Eric Garnier, Sylvain Coq, Johanne Nahmani, Maria Del Rey Granado, Olivier Gimenez, Elena Kazakou
Background and Aims: Forage quality for herbivores and litter quality for decomposers are two key plant properties affecting ecosystem carbon and nutrient cycling. Although there is a positive relationship between palatability and decomposition, very few studies have focused on larger vertebrate herbivores while considering links between the digestibility of living leaves and stems and the decomposability of litter and associated traits. The hypothesis tested is that some defences of living organs would reduce their digestibility and, as a consequence, their litter decomposability, through 'afterlife' effects...
January 6, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216857/images-of-god-and-attitudes-towards-death-in-relation-to-spiritual-wellbeing-an-exploratory-side-study-of-the-eortc-qlq-swb32-validation-study-in-palliative-cancer-patients
#2
Renske Kruizinga, Michael Scherer-Rath, Johannes B A M Schilderman, Mariëtte Weterman, Teresa Young, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven
BACKGROUND: When patients are facing the ends of their lives, spiritual concerns often become more important. It is argued that effective, integrated palliative care should include addressing patients' spiritual wellbeing. In 2002 the EORTC Quality of Life Group began an international study to develop an spiritual wellbeing measure for palliative patients (SWB). Spiritual wellbeing is a complex construct, which comprises multiple contributory components. While conducting the EORTC SWB validation study with Dutch palliative cancer patients we also conducted an exploratory side study to examine the relationship between their spiritual wellbeing, images of God, and attitudes towards death...
December 8, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034784/religious-affiliation-at-time-of-death-global-estimates-and-projections
#3
Vegard Skirbekk, Megan Todd, Marcin Stonawski
AIMS: Religious affiliation influences societal practices regarding death and dying, including palliative care, religiously acceptable health service procedures, funeral rites and beliefs about an afterlife. We aimed to estimate and project religious affiliation at the time of death globally, as this information has been lacking. METHODS: We compiled data on demographic information and religious affiliation from more than 2500 surveys, registers and censuses covering 198 nations/territories...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943695/adolescents-religiousness-and-substance-use-are-linked-via-afterlife-beliefs-and-future-orientation
#4
Christopher J Holmes, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Although religiousness has been identified as a protective factor against adolescent substance use, processes through which these effects may operate are unclear. The current longitudinal study examined sequential mediation of afterlife beliefs and future orientation in the relation between adolescent religiousness and cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use. Participants included 131 adolescents (mean age at Time 1 = 12 years) at three time points with approximately two year time intervals. Structural equation modeling indicated that higher religiousness at Time 1 was associated with higher afterlife beliefs at Time 2...
October 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888195/children-s-and-adults-understanding-of-death-cognitive-parental-and-experiential-influences
#5
Georgia Panagiotaki, Michelle Hopkins, Gavin Nobes, Emma Ward, Debra Griffiths
This study explored the development of understanding of death in a sample of 4- to 11-year-old British children and adults (N=136). It also investigated four sets of possible influences on this development: parents' religion and spiritual beliefs, cognitive ability, socioeconomic status, and experience of illness and death. Participants were interviewed using the "death concept" interview that explores understanding of the subcomponents of inevitability, universality, irreversibility, cessation, and causality of death...
February 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776125/-for-every-illness-there-is-a-cure-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-moroccan-muslim-women-regarding-health-illness-and-medicine
#6
Chaïma Ahaddour, Bert Broeckaert
In order to provide adequate health care, it is important to be well aware of the views and attitudes of the health seeker regarding health, illness and medicine. In the Belgian context, the views of Muslim women, particularly of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan women, have been understudied. The aim of this article is twofold. First, we seek to bring forward the attitudes and beliefs of middle-aged and elderly Moroccan Muslim women living in Antwerp (Belgium) towards health, illness and medicine. Second, we seek to explore which role religion plays in their views and attitudes regarding health, illness and medicine...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674931/why-we-should-create-artificial-offspring-meaning-and-the-collective-afterlife
#7
John Danaher
This article argues that the creation of artificial offspring could make our lives more meaningful (i.e. satisfy more meaning-relevant conditions of value). By 'artificial offspring' I mean beings that we construct, with a mix of human and non-human-like qualities. Robotic artificial intelligences are paradigmatic examples of the form. There are two reasons for thinking that the creation of such beings could make our lives more meaningful and valuable. The first is that the existence of a collective afterlife-i...
July 3, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606625/-terrorism-and-human-behavior
#8
S J Leistedt
OBJECTIVES: Theories of religion are essential for understanding current trends in terrorist activities. The aim of this work is to clarify religion's role in facilitating terror and outline in parallel with recent theoretical developments on terrorism and human behaviour. METHODS: Several databases were used such as PubCentral, Scopus, Medline and Science Direct. The search terms "terrorism", "social psychology", "religion", "evolution", and "cognition" were used to identify relevant studies in the databases...
June 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560488/lived-religion-as-reproductive-decision-making-resource-among-romanian-women-who-use-abortion-as-contraception
#9
Cristina A Pop
This article draws upon qualitative ethnographic data collected between 2005 and 2013 in southern Romania among women who have been consistently using abortion as a contraceptive method. It particularly considers the role that lived religion might have played in some individuals' strategies to render abortion a justifiable practice. Over the last seven decades, Romanian women's experiences of abortion have often been at odds with both secular and religious regulations. This study shifts the perspective from the biopolitics and the bioethics of abortion toward women's own reproductive decision-making strategies in a context of enduring traditional patriarchy...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522475/paolo-macchiarini-s-academic-afterlife-in-russia-ends
#10
Alla Astakhova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303987/development-of-islamic-spiritual-health-scale-ishs
#11
Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh, Abbas Heydari, Fatemeh Heshmati Nabavi, Seyed Reza Mazlom, Mahdi Ebrahimi, Habibollah Esmaili
OBJECTIVE: To develop and psychometrically assess spiritual health scale based on Islamic view in Iran. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Imam Ali and Quem hospitals in Mashhad and Imam Ali and Imam Reza hospitals in Bojnurd, Iran, from 2015 to 2016 In the first stage, an 81-item Likert-type scale was developed using a qualitative approach. The second stage comprised quantitative component. The scale's impact factor, content validity ratio, content validity index, face validity and exploratory factor analysis were calculated...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214730/risk-aversion-and-religious-behaviour-analysis-using-a-sample-of-danish-twins
#12
Jytte Seested Nielsen, Mickael Bech, Kaare Christensen, Astrid Kiil, Niels Christian Hvidt
Economics offers an analytical framework to consider human behaviour including religious behaviour. Within the realm of Expected Utility Theory, religious belief and activity could be interpreted as an insurance both for current life events and for afterlife rewards. Based on that framework, we would expect that risk averse individuals would demand a more generous protection plan which they may do by devoting more effort and resources into religious activities such as church attendance and prayer, which seems to be in accordance with previous empirical results...
February 12, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132921/meningeal-preservation-in-a-child-mummy-from-ancient-egypt
#13
REVIEW
Albert Isidro, Jesús Herrerin
Over many centuries, the ancient Egyptians developed a method of preserving bodies so they would remain lifelike. Mummification of bodies was originally a natural process in Egypt, and it evolved to a sophisticated embalming system to preserve the individual for the afterlife. Afterwards, mummification continued to be practiced in Egypt for some 3000 years, lasting until the end of the Christian era. In the Coptic necropolis of Qarara (Middle Egypt), 17 mummified individuals were studied during the 2012 campaign...
April 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859566/does-the-body-survive-death-cultural-variation-in-beliefs-about-life-everlasting
#14
Rachel E Watson-Jones, Justin T A Busch, Paul L Harris, Cristine H Legare
Mounting evidence suggests that endorsement of psychological continuity and the afterlife increases with age. This developmental change raises questions about the cognitive biases, social representations, and cultural input that may support afterlife beliefs. To what extent is there similarity versus diversity across cultures in how people reason about what happens after death? The objective of this study was to compare beliefs about the continuation of biological and psychological functions after death in Tanna, Vanuatu (a Melanesian archipelago), and the United States (Austin, Texas)...
April 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754765/nurses-experiences-of-spiritual-communication-with-seriously-iii-children
#15
Betty Ferrell, Elaine Wittenberg, Vanessa Battista, Gay Walker
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore nurse experiences in communication with children about spiritual topics in order to develop training in this area. BACKGROUND: Although spiritual care is essential in pediatric palliative care, few providers receive training about communication with ill children about spirituality. METHODS: Researchers developed a brief survey to prompt nurses to reflect on pediatric palliative care experiences that included spiritual discussions...
November 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621915/spiritual-health-in-nursing-from-the-viewpoint-of-islam
#16
REVIEW
Abbas Heydari, Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh, Fatemeh Heshmati Nabavi, Seyed Reza Mazlom, Mahdi Ebrahimi
CONTEXT: In order to gain a more detailed insight into the concept of spiritual health, a hybrid model of concept analysis was used to remove some of the ambiguity surrounding the conceptual meaning of spiritual health in Islamic and Iranian contexts. The purpose of this study was to clarify the meaning and nature of the spiritual health concept in the context of the practice of Islam among Iranian patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The current concept analysis was undertaken according to the modified traditional hybrid model, which consists of five phases: theoretical phase, initial fieldwork phase, initial analytical phase, and final fieldwork and final analytical phase...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444779/the-impact-of-a-belief-in-life-after-death-on-health-state-preferences-true-difference-or-artifact
#17
Michał Jakubczyk, Dominik Golicki, Maciej Niewada
PURPOSE: In most religions, the preservation of one's own, God-given, life is considered obligatory, while the time trade-off method (TTO) forces one to voluntarily forego life years. We sought to verify how this conflict impacts TTO-results among the religious. METHODS: We used the data from the only EQ-5D valuation in Poland (2008, three-level, 321 respondents, 23 states each)-a very religious, mostly Catholic country. We measured the religiosity with the belief in afterlife question on two levels: strong (definitely yes) and some (also rather yes), both about a third of the sample...
December 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377294/spirituality-and-mood-pathology-in-severe-skin-conditions-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, M Lukanz, M Pilch, S Scharf, M Glawischnig-Goschnik, N Wutte, R Fink-Puches, E Aberer
Although the association between spirituality and parameters of psychological health and disease has been investigated extensively, little evidence is available for its potential role in dermatology. In a single-centre observational prospective study, 149 outpatients (107 women) with systemic sclerosis (SSc; n = 44), lupus erythematosus (LE; n = 48), or early stage malignant melanoma (MM; n = 57) were investigated using the multidimensional inventory for religious/spiritual well-being together with the Brief Symptom Inventory for psychiatric symptoms (BSI-18)...
September 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366110/curious-afterlives-the-enduring-appeal-of-the-criminal-corpse
#19
Sarah Tarlow
Not only did the criminal corpse have actual medicinal and magical power for Europeans, it also had social and cultural meaning as an object, a curio or secular relic. This paper considers the appeal of notorious bodies. From books bound in the skin of a criminal, to preserved and exhibited heads, from fragments of the hangman's rope to the exhibition of the skeleton, the story of the afterlife of criminal bodies and the material culture most immediately associated with them begins with the collection and exchange of bodies and moves into contemporary preoccupations with authenticity...
July 2, 2016: Mortality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221507/construction-and-validation-of-afterlife-belief-scale-for-muslims
#20
Saba Ghayas, Syeda Shahida Batool
The purpose of this study was to develop a scale in Urdu language for measuring different dimensions of afterlife belief. The scale was subjected to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis on a sample of 504 individuals (235 men and 269 women) recruited from different cities in the Punjab, Pakistan. After exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, 16 items were retained with three well-defined factor structures of afterlife belief: positive, negative, and extinction. The alpha coefficients of the subscales ranged from ...
June 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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