keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

emergency hypertensive

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909950/hatt-a-phase-iv-single-arm-open-label-study-of-sorafenib-in-taiwanese-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Shi-Ming Lin, Sheng-Nan Lu, Ping-Tsung Chen, Long-Bin Jeng, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Chi-Tan Hu, Sien-Sing Yang, Marie-Aude Le Berre, Xuan Liu, David Y Mitchell, Klaas Prins, Joachim Grevel, Carol A E Peña, Gerold Meinhardt
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib significantly improves survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This phase IV study assessed sorafenib efficacy/safety in Taiwanese patients with advanced HCC and Child-Pugh A status. METHODS: All patients received 400 mg sorafenib BID. Safety, efficacy, sorafenib pharmacokinetics, and Child-Pugh progression were evaluated. A hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) prevention substudy assessed HFSR incidence and grade/severity and time to HFSR in 29 and 34 patients randomized to corticosteroid and noncorticosteroid ointments, respectively, and in 88 nonrandomized patients...
December 1, 2016: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908548/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intakes-data-from-urban-and-rural-areas
#2
Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Dismand Houinato, Corine Houehanou, Thierry Chianea, François Dalmay, André Bigot, Victor Aboyans, Pierre-Marie Preux, Pascal Bovet, Jean-Claude Desport
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is highly prevalent in West African populations, but little data is available on salt and potassium intake in these populations. We assumed in this study that sodium and potassium intake might be high and low, respectively, in the Beninese population in view of the emerging nutritional transition. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary sodium and potassium intakes based on 24-h urine collections. METHODS: We selected 420 individuals (ages 25-64 y), representative of the population, from urban and rural areas in Benin...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907893/factors-impacting-complication-rates-for-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-from-2003-to-2015
#3
Eunice Yang, Esra Gucuk Ipek, Muhammad Balouch, Yuliya Mints, Jonathan Chrispin, Joseph E Marine, Ronald D Berger, Hiroshi Ashikaga, Jack Rickard, Hugh Calkins, Saman Nazarian, David D Spragg
AIMS: Complications from catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) are well described. Changing aspects of AF ablation including patient populations referred, institutional experience, and emerging catheter and pharmacological options may impact complication rates. We assessed procedural complication trends in AF ablation patients from 2003-2015 to identify what factors affect adverse event rates. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated consecutively enrolled patients undergoing initial AF ablation from 2003 through 2015...
October 6, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902676/dural-sinus-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-a-pediatric-trauma-patient-a-rare-complication-after-closed-head-injury
#4
Jonathan Wilcher, Michelle Pannell
OBJECTIVE: Closed head injury rarely predisposes patients, particularly children, to the development of dural sinus thrombosis. In addition, most cases of sinus thrombosis are subacute in nature. The following is a case report of a precipitous course of dural sinus thrombosis after closed head injury in a pediatric trauma patient. DESCRIPTION: A 14-year-old African American girl presented to the emergency department as a trauma activation. She was an unrestrained rear-seat passenger involved in a motor vehicle collision during which she was ejected...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897982/maternal-fructose-intake-affects-transcriptome-changes-and-programmed-hypertension-in-offspring-in-later-life
#5
REVIEW
You-Lin Tain, Julie Y H Chan, Chien-Ning Hsu
Hypertension originates from early-life insults by so-called "developmental origins of health and disease" (DOHaD). Studies performed in the previous few decades indicate that fructose consumption is associated with an increase in hypertension rate. It is emerging field that tends to unfold the nutrient-gene interactions of maternal high-fructose (HF) intake on the offspring which links renal programming to programmed hypertension. Reprogramming interventions counteract disturbed nutrient-gene interactions induced by maternal HF intake and exert protective effects against developmentally programmed hypertension...
November 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897107/hypertension-in-the-neonatal-period-an-update
#6
Anish Pillai, Deepak Sharma, Pratichi Kadam
There has been a growing interest among neonatologists and paediatricians regarding identification and evaluation of hypertension in the neonatal period. Despite the emergent normative data on blood pressure values in term and preterm neonates over the last two decades, there is still controversy regarding correct definition and classification of hypertension. This article will discuss the current definitions, the available normative data and etiology of neonatal hypertension. There is paucity of records in terms of efficacy of antihypertensive drugs in this specific population and management is usually experience based, causing considerable heterogeneity amongst different units...
November 29, 2016: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895434/bay-41-2272-treatment-improves-acetylcholine-induced-aortic-relaxation-in-l-name-hypertensive-rats
#7
Shahid Prawez, Azad Ahmad Ahanger, Thakur Uttam Singh, Santosh Kumar Mishra, Souvendra Nath Sarkar, Dinesh Kumar
Hypertension, an emerging problem of recent era, and many pathophysiological factors are participating to produce the disease. Nitric oxide (NO) is an important constituent to ameliorate hypertensive condition. Inhibition of endogenous NO synthase by L-N(G)-Nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME) was responsible for generating hypertension in rats. BAY 41-2272 (5-cyclopropyl-2-[1-(2-fluoro-benzyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine-3-yl]-pyrimidin-4-ylamine), a soluble guanylyl cyclase activator, restricts rise of blood pressure and shows cardioprotective activity...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895411/reoperation-in-an-adult-female-with-right-sided-hirschsprung-s-disease-complicated-by-refractory-hypertension-and-cough
#8
Zhi-Jian Wei, Lei Huang, A-Man Xu
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is an intestinal malformation caused by the innate absence of ganglion cells in the neural plexus of the colorectal wall, and is most common in male infants. It is rare in adult, and is usually left-sided. Herein we reported based on the CARE guidelines a case of a 47-year-old adult female suffering from "right-sided" HD complicated by refractory hypertension and cough. The patient with a history of cesarean section and with digestive unfitness (abdominal pain, distention, and constipation) only since 20 years old had recurrence of HD after initial surgery due to the incomplete removal of the HD-affected bowel based on a diagnosis of "chronic ileus", leading to the relapse of the digestive symptoms and the emergence of some intractable circulatory and respiratory complications which could be hardly controlled by conservative treatment...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895136/recognition-and-management-of-resistant-hypertension
#9
REVIEW
Branko Braam, Sandra J Taler, Mahboob Rahman, Jennifer A Fillaus, Barbara A Greco, John P Forman, Efrain Reisin, Debbie L Cohen, Mohammad G Saklayen, S Susan Hedayati
Despite improvements in hypertension awareness and treatment, 30%-60% of hypertensive patients do not achieve BP targets and subsequently remain at risk for target organ damage. This therapeutic gap is particularly important to nephrologists, who frequently encounter treatment-resistant hypertension in patients with CKD. Data are limited on how best to treat patients with CKD and resistant hypertension, because patients with CKD have historically been excluded from hypertension treatment trials. First, we propose a consistent definition of resistant hypertension as BP levels confirmed by both in-office and out-of-office measurements that exceed appropriate targets while the patient is receiving treatment with at least three antihypertensive medications, including a diuretic, at dosages optimized to provide maximum benefit in the absence of intolerable side effects...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893667/abdominal-compartment-syndrome-after-endovascular-repair-for-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-leads-to-acute-intestinal-necrosis-case-report
#10
Xiyang Chen, Jichun Zhao, Bin Huang, Ding Yuan, Yi Yang, Yukui Ma
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) after endovascular repair (EVAR) of rupture abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) is a rare emergency situation, which has a high mortality. However, the progression of ACS is rapid and the diagnosis is usually been delayed, which increase the difficulties in treatment and affect the prognosis. We describe a case of a sever complication (acute intestinal necrosis) resulting from ACS after endovascular repair of rAAA. CLINICAL FINDING: An elderly man, 81 years old, complained a sudden lower abdominal and back pain without any predisposing cause...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891330/evaluation-of-lipid-profile-and-apolipoproteins-in-essential-hypertensive-patients
#11
Parsuram Nayak, Suchismita Panda, Pravat Kumar Thatoi, Roma Rattan, Srikrushna Mohapatra, Pramila Kumari Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Essential hypertension is one of the most common diseases of the Indian population contributing greatly to the morbidity, mortality and economic burden. It has a strong association with cardiovascular disease and abnormal lipid metabolism. Not only the traditional lipid parameters, but also the novel lipid components like Apo A1 and Apo B100 also have been identified to play a role. AIM: The present study was done to evaluate serum lipid profile and Apo A1, Apo B 100 in essential hypertensive patients and correlate their values with the degree of hypertension...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891151/giant-coronary-artery-aneurysm-causing-acute-anterior-myocardial-infarction
#12
Ahmet Yanık, Uğur Arslan, Murat Akçay, Serdar Menekşe, Uğur Gökmen Yazgan
A 70-year-old man with hypertension was admitted to our coronary ICU with acute anterior MI. Emergent primary PCI was planned and coronary angiography was performed. LAD artery was totally occluded in the proximal segment just after a huge 32 × 26 mm sized aneurysm. Emergent CABG operation was performed in 75 minutes because of multivessel disease including the RCA and left circumflex artery. Aneurysm was ligated and coronary bypass was performed using LIMA and saphenous grafts. The postoperative course of the patient was uneventful...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888446/cesarean-section-in-the-setting-of-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-requiring-extracorporeal-life-support
#13
Ryosuke Hara, Shuhei Hara, Chin Siang Ong, Gary Schwartz, Christopher Sciortino, Narutoshi Hibino
We describe the use of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in a 35-year-old female with severe fixed pulmonary hypertension who went into cardiogenic shock during a Cesarean section. Pregnancy in the presence of severe pulmonary hypertension is typically contraindicated due to high maternal mortality rates. This patient visited our hospital at 37 weeks of gestation after experiencing dyspnea and chest pain. Clinical evaluation revealed severe fixed pulmonary hypertension. At the time of the planned delivery, femoral lines were placed; in case of emergency, ECMO became necessary during the delivery...
November 25, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884233/hypertension-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-myocardial-ischemia
#14
REVIEW
Tony Stanton, Francis G Dunn
The risks associated with hypertension emerge through a series of complex interactions. Myocardial ischemia is the major contributor to this risk. The mechanisms driving ischemia reflect many of the key factors in hypertension, including endothelial and neurohumoral factors, fibrosis, and hemodynamics. Left ventricular hypertrophy and fibrosis are of fundamental importance and together with hemodynamics provide an optimal template for myocardial ischemia. Understanding the pathophysiology has aided a more rational management approach but challenges remain which, if surmounted, will have an impact on the morbidity and mortality caused by myocardial ischemia in patients with hypertension...
January 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884227/oxidative-stress-and-hypertensive-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Roxana Loperena, David G Harrison
It has become clear that reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to the development of hypertension via myriad effects. ROS are essential for normal cell function; however, they mediate pathologic changes in the brain, the kidney, and blood vessels that contribute to the genesis of chronic hypertension. There is also emerging evidence that ROS contribute to immune activation in hypertension. This article discusses these events and how they coordinate to contribute to hypertension and its consequent end-organ damage...
January 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881848/expression-and-methylation-of-circulating-microrna-510-in-essential-hypertension
#16
Ramalingam Krishnan, Panagal Mani, Pethanen Sivakumar, Vincent Gopinath, Durairaj Sekar
Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most common emerging disease in developing countries. It alters endothelial cell structure and function, resulting in several diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, peripheral vasculopathy, cerebrovascular disease and nephropathy. Although much progress has been made in researching HTN in recent years, early diagnosis and treatment of HTN are not yet satisfactory, and progression control/treatment is still poor. MicroRNAs are well-known regulators of the physiological and developmental processes of HTN...
November 24, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881268/antithrombotic-therapy-and-direct-medical-costs-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-shanghai-china
#17
Jeff J Guo, Yun Chen, Wenmin Du, Hongying Peng, Rui Wang, Ying Xia, Ping Xin, Patricia R Wigle, Emmanuel A Papadimitropoulos
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To describe patient profile, treatment patterns, and disease burden for patients with ACS. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive cohort study was conducted. Data were obtained from electronic medical records from seven Shanghai medical centers. Patients with at least one primary diagnosis of ACS from 2006 to 2012 were included. Patient ACS-related antithrombotic medication use, laboratory tests, key comorbidities, health care utilization, and direct medical costs were examined...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879189/gemcitabine-induced-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-treated-with-eculizumab-or-plasmapheresis-two-case-reports%C3%A2
#18
María Esperanza López Rubio, Raquel Rodado Martínez, María Luisa Illescas, Encarnación Mateo Bosch, Mercedes Martínez Díaz, Lourdes de la Vara Inesta, Basilio Cabezuelo, María Elisa Morales Albuja, Eladio Lucas Guillén, Luisa Jimeno García
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) has shown good response to eculizumab (ECU). We present 2 cases of patients with gemcitabine-induced HUS (GEM-HUS), one of whom was treated with ECU and the other with conventional treatment. Patient 1: A 74-year-old male with resected adenocarcinoma of the pancreas started adjuvant treatment with GEM, but after 5 months GEM was discontinued due to acute kidney injury and severe hypertension. Laboratory analyses identified microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MHA) and thrombocytopenia...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875733/relationship-between-ambient-temperature-and-frequency-and-severity-of-cardiovascular-emergencies-a-prospective-observational-study-based-on-out-of-hospital-care-data
#19
Mario Hensel, Markus Stuhr, Daniel Geppert, Jan F Kersten, Jürgen Lorenz, Thoralf Kerner
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that more cardiovascular emergencies occur at low rather than at high temperatures under moderate climatic conditions. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study performed in a prehospital setting. Data from the Emergency Medical Service in Hamburg (Germany) and from the local weather station were evaluated over a 5-year period. Temperature data were matched with the associated rescue mission data. Lowess-Regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship between the temperature and the frequency of individual cardiovascular emergencies...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873370/the-magnitude-of-change-in-the-fetal-cerebroplacental-ratio-in-the-third-trimester-and-the-risk-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcome
#20
Christopher Flatley, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate if the magnitude of change in the cerebro-placental ratio (CPR) after 30 weeks gestation was better predictive of adverse pregnancy outcome compared to a single measurement at 35-37 weeks. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether the utility of CPR measured at 35-37 weeks was enhanced after adjusting for the gestational change. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of women who had had at least two ultrasound scans between 30-37 weeks gestation with the final scan taking place at 35-37 weeks...
November 22, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
keyword
keyword
101182
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"