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coronary artery ectasia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452306/characteristics-of-coronary-artery-ectasia-and-its-association-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein
#1
Osama Sanad, Eman Al-Keshk, Ahmed Ramzy, Mohammed A Tabl, Ahmed Bendary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407827/-values-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-in-predicting-sensitivity-to-intravenous-immunoglobulin-in-kawasaki-disease
#2
Ying-Di Yuan, Jun Sun, Peng-Fei Li, Chun-Lei Wei, Yan-Hui Yu
OBJECTIVE: To study the values of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in predicting the sensitivity to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in Kawasaki disease (KD). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 404 children with newly diagnosed KD. The data on routine blood tests, NLR, and PLR were collected before and after IVIG treatment. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the cut-off values of NLR and PLR in predicting the insensitivity to IVIG...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382079/the-relationship-between-vitamin-d-and-coronary-artery-ectasia-in-subjects-with-a-normal-c-reactive-protein-level
#3
Goksel Cagirci, Selcuk Kucukseymen, Isa Oner Yuksel, Nermin Bayar, Erkan Koklu, Ramazan Guven, Sakir Arslan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is generally known to be closely related to inflammation. The effects of vitamin D on coronary artery disease (CAD) are not fully explained. Nowadays, coronary artery ectasia (CAE) cases are common and are regarded as being a kind of CAD. We aimed to investigate, in a case-control study, the relationship between vitamin D and CAE without an associated inflammatory process. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study population included 201 patients (CAE group, 121 males; mean age, 61...
March 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378434/presentation-of-missed-childhood-kawasaki-disease-in-adults-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#4
Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Sagar Bhattad, Subhash Varma, Manphool Singhal, John Gordon, Surjit Singh
AIM: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children in Japan, North America and Europe. Undiagnosed and untreated KD can have clinically significant consequences later in life. The clinical spectrum of missed childhood KD is frequently being recognized during adulthood. We report four adult cases of acute coronary events, in which coronary angiography was suggestive of sequelae of KD. METHODS: Four adults who presented with acute coronary events, had coronary angiography for evaluation...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322100/could-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-be-an-indicator-of-coronary-artery-disease-coronary-artery-ectasia-and-coronary-slow-flow
#5
Mücahid Yılmaz, Hasan Korkmaz, Mehmet Nail Bilen, Ökkeş Uku, Ertuğrul Kurtoğlu
Objective To determine whether neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) differed between patients with isolated coronary artery disease (CAD), isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE), coronary slow flow and normal coronary anatomy. Methods Patients who underwent coronary angiography were consecutively enrolled into one of four groups: CAD, coronary slow flow, CAE and normal coronary anatomy. Results The CAD ( n = 40), coronary slow flow ( n = 40), and CAE ( n = 40) groups had similar NLRs (2.51 ± 0...
December 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274249/difficult-diagnosis-of-atypical-kawasaki-disease-in-an-infant-younger-than-six-months-a-case-report
#6
L Petrarca, R Nenna, P Versacci, A Frassanito, G Cangiano, A Nicolai, F Scalercio, L Lo Russo, P Papoff, C Moretti, F Midulla
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute inflammatory vasculitis of unknown origin. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 5-month-old child with an atypical form of KD, characterized by undulating symptoms, who developed an aneurysm of the right coronary artery and an ectasia of the left anterior descending coronary artery. CONCLUSION: This case report underlines the difficulties in recognizing incomplete forms of the illness in young infants, who are at higher risk of cardiac complications...
March 8, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222654/is-coronary-arteritis-a-feature-in-secondary-haemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#7
Beng Teong See, Ke Xin Yip, Hak Lee Ang
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is rare. Although Kawasaki disease (KD) has been reported as a precursor to HLH, coronary arteritis occurring at the onset of secondary HLH, not in association with KD, has not been reported. An 8-year-old girl presented with virus-induced secondary HLH associated with a giant aneurysm and ectasia of the coronary arteries which was detected incidentally at onset of the disease. She did not fulfill the criteria for diagnosis of KD. The coronary lesions improved after 6 months of treatment with dexamethasone and etoposide...
February 22, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150401/evaluation-of-longitudinal-left-ventricular-function-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-ectasia-and-vitamin-d-deficiency-by-2d-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#8
Hasan Aghajani, Mohsen Faal, Ali Hosseinsabet
OBJECTIVES: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is defined as the dilation of at least one segment of the coronary arteries that reaches at least 1.5 times the size of a normal neighboring segment. It has been shown that left ventricular (LV) diastolic function is impaired in patients with CAE. Also, it has been shown that LV function is impaired in vitamin D-deficient subjects compared with vitamin D-sufficient subjects and vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in CAE patients. We hypothesized that LV function is impaired in patients with CAE so we evaluated longitudinal LV myocardial function by 2D speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE) in patients with CAE and vitamin D deficiency without significant coronary artery stenosis and compared the results with those of subjects with vitamin D deficiency and near-normal coronary arteries...
March 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143891/genome-wide-methylation-profiles-in-coronary-artery-ectasia
#9
Tzu-Pin Lu, Nai-Chen Chuang, Chin-Yu Cheng, Cheng-An Hsu, Yi-Chih Wang, Yen-Hong Lin, Jen-Kuang Lee, Cho-Kai Wu, Juey-Jen Hwang, Lian-Yu Lin, Shih-Fan Sherri Yeh, Kuo-Liang Chien, Jyh-Ming Jimmy Juang
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a disease characterized by abnormally dilated coronary arteries. The mechanism of CAE remains unclear, and its treatment is limited. Previous studies showed that risk factors for CAE are related to changes in DNA methylation. However, no systematic investigation of methylation profiles has been performed. Therefore, we compared methylation profiles between 12 CAE patients and 12 propensity-matched individuals with normal coronary arteries using microarrays (Illumina HumanMethylation450)...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121950/coronary-artery-ectasia-presenting-with-thrombus-embolization-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-case-report
#10
Yongle Li, Chengcheng Wu, Wennan Liu
RATIONALE: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is characterized by an abnormal dilatation of the coronary arteries. CAE is often associated with the presence of slow coronary flow and may lead to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), even without total occlusion. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSIS: We report a case of a 24-year-old male patient with CAE suffering from AMI. INTERVENTIONS: Percutaneous coronary intervention with aspiration thrombectomy failed to restore adequate blood flow...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109125/evaluation-of-left-atrial-function-via-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-ectasia
#11
Hasan Aghajani, Mohsen Faal, Ali Hosseinsabet, Reza Mohseni-Badalabadi
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a segmental dilation of an epicardial coronary artery. Our aim was to evaluate the left atrial (LA) function in patients with CAE. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients with CAE and 33 subjects without significant coronary artery disease were included in our study. LA function was evaluated with two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DSTE). RESULTS: The systolic, early diastolic and late diastolic strains and strain rates were not statistically significantly different between the two groups...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079513/high-dose-aspirin-for-kawasaki-disease-outdated-myth-or-effective-aid
#12
Gil Amarilyo, Yael Koren, Dafna Brik Simon, Maskit Bar-Meir, Hilla Bahat, Mona Hanna Helou, Amir Mendelson, Nofar Hezkelo, Gabriel Chodick, Yackov Berkun, Eli Eisenstein, Yonatan Butbul Aviel, Galia Barkai, Yoav Bolkier, Shai Padeh, Riva Brik, Phillip J Hashkes, Liora Harel, Yosef Uziel
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) plus high-dose aspirin (HDA) vs. IVIG plus low-dose aspirin (LDA) for the treatment of Kawasaki disease, with an emphasis on coronary artery outcomes. METHODS: This study was a retrospective, medical record review of paediatric patients with Kawasaki disease comparing 6 centres that routinely used HDA for initial treatment and 2 that used LDA in 2004-2013. Treatment response and adverse events were compared...
January 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941711/recurrent-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-a-patient-with-severe-coronary-artery-ectasia-implication-of-antithrombotic-therapy
#13
Tomoko Tomioka, Satoshi Takeuchi, Yoshitaka Ito, Hiroki Shioiri, Jiro Koyama, Kanichi Inoue
BACKGROUND Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can be caused not only by plaque rupture/erosion, but also by many other mechanisms. Thromboembolism due to atrial fibrillation and coronary thrombosis due to coronary artery ectasia are among the causes. Here we report on a case of recurrent myocardial infarction with coronary artery ectasia. CASE REPORT Our case was a 78-year-old woman with hypertension. Within a one-month interval, she developed AMI twice at the distal portion of her right coronary artery along with coronary artery ectasia...
December 12, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885846/big-endothelin-1-level-is-a-useful-marker-for-predicting-the-presence-of-isolated-coronary-artery-ectasia
#14
Yao Wang, Yan Zhang, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Qiao-Juan Huang, Na-Qiong Wu, Ying Gao, Ping Qing, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Jian-Jun Li
CONTEXT: Endothelin-1(ET-1) has been implicated in coronary artery disease (CAD) and may be associated with coronary artery ectasia (CAE). OBJECTIVE: To clarify the relationship between big ET-1 and isolated CAE. METHODS: We measured big ET-1 with ELISA in 216 patients (CAE, n = 72; CAD, n = 72; normal, n = 72) and evaluated the link with isolated CAE. RESULTS: The level of plasma big ET-1 was significantly higher in patients with isolated CAE (p < 0...
May 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879468/relationship-between-plasma-levels-of-soluble-cd40-ligand-and-the-presence-and-severity-of-isolated-coronary-artery-ectasia
#15
Cem Ozde, Ahmet Korkmaz, Harun Kundi, Ersan Oflar, Ismail Ungan, Vusal Xankisi, Nilhan Nurlu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether soluble CD40 ligand (CD40L) levels are higher in patients with isolated coronary artery ectasia (CAE) compared to patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries and those with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 55 patients with isolated CAE without stenosis, 55 with stable CAD, and 55 control participants with angiographically normal coronary arteries were included. The CAE severity was determined according to the Markis classification...
January 1, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866019/dysregulated-fatty-acid-metabolism-in-coronary-ectasia-an-extended-lipidomic-analysis
#16
Usama Boles, Rui Climaco Pinto, Santosh David, Abdullah S Abdullah, Michael Y Henein
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is not an uncommon clinical condition, which could be associated with adverse outcome. The exact pathophysiology of the disease is poorly understood and is commonly interpreted as a variant of atherosclerosis. In this study, we sought to undertake lipidomic profiling of a group of CAE patients in an attempt to achieve better understanding of its disturbed metabolism. METHODS: Untargeted lipid profiling and complementary modelling strategies were employed to compare serum samples from 16 patients with CAE (mean age 63...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843802/coronary-ectasia-in-a-man-on-breast-cancer-therapy-presenting-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#17
Dana C Johnson, Luay Rifai, Parag V Patel
Limited data exist on the association between breast cancer treatments and coronary artery disease anatomy, particularly in males. We describe an unusual case of diffuse coronary ectasia in a man with breast cancer presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A 66-year-old man with breast cancer on paclitaxel, tamoxifen, and carboplatin chemotherapy regimen, presents with new onset chest pain. Electrocardiogram reveals anterolateral ST-segment depressions and elevated troponin I level. Emergent angiography revealed grossly ectatic coronary arteries with a total thrombotic occlusion of the mid right coronary artery...
October 2016: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806720/kawasaki-disease-in-sicily-clinical-description-and-markers-of-disease-severity
#18
Maria Cristina Maggio, Giovanni Corsello, Eugenia Prinzi, Rolando Cimaz
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis of small and middle size arteries; 15-25 % of untreated patients and 5 % of patients treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) develop coronary artery lesions (CAL). Many studies tried to find the most effective treatment in the management of resistant KD and to select the risk factors for CAL. Our data are assessed on children from west Sicily, characterized by a genetic heterogeneity. METHODS: We studied the clinical data of 70 KD Sicilian children (36 males: 51 %; 34 females: 49 %), analysed retrospectively, including: demographic and laboratory parameters; echocardiographic findings at diagnosis, at 2, 6 and 8 weeks, and at 1 year after the onset of the illness...
November 2, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785148/diffuse-coronary-artery-ectasia-in-a-patient-with-left-main-coronary-artery-trifurcation
#19
Jarosław Wasilewski, Piotr Desperak, Kamil Bujak, Jan Głowacki, Mariusz Gąsior
The term coronary ectasia is reserved to describe a diffuse dilatation of coronary artery segments that have a diameter that exceeds the size of normal adjacent coronary segments by 1.5 times. The occurrence of coronary artery ectasia (CAE) ranges from 3% to 8% in the group of patients undergoing coronary computed tomography angiography. The CAE is associated with traditional risk factors and often co-exists with coronary atherosclerosis, which suggests that ectasia may represent an advanced form of atherosclerosis...
September 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779165/independent-prognostic-value-of-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-ectasia
#20
Yintang Wang, Yang Wang, Shijie You, Hongjian Wang, Dong Yin, Kefei Dou, Weihua Song
BACKGROUND: Despite its severity, coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is still poorly understood. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) has been recognized as a prognostic factor in some cardiovascular diseases but not assessed in CAE. The aim of this observational study was to investigate the prognostic value of hs-CRP in CAE. METHODS: Our analysis evaluated the effect of the baseline hs-CRP on cardiovascular events (CVs) (cardiac death and nonfetal myocardial infarction) in consecutively enrolled stable CAE patients...
November 5, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
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