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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533083/another-look-at-the-phylogenetic-relationships-and-intercontinental-biogeography-of-eastern-asian-north-american-rhus-gall-aphids-hemiptera-aphididae-eriosomatinae-evidence-from-mitogenome-sequences-via-genome-skimming
#1
Zhumei Ren, A J Harris, Rebecca B Dikow, Enbo Ma, Yang Zhong, Jun Wen
The Rhus gall aphids are sometimes referred to as subtribe Melaphidina (Aphididae: Eriosomatinae: Fordini) and comprise a unique group that forms galls on the primary host plants, Rhus. We examined the evolutionary relationships within the Melaphidina aphids using sequences of the complete mitochondrial genome and with samples of 11 of the 12 recognized species representing all six genera. Bayesian, maximum likelihood and parsimony analyses of the mitochondrial genome data support five well-supported clades within Melaphidina: (1) Nurudea (except N...
May 19, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527884/adjuvant-medications-that-improve-survival-after-locoregional-therapy
#2
F Edward Boas, Etay Ziv, Hooman Yarmohammadi, Karen T Brown, Joseph P Erinjeri, Constantinos T Sofocleous, James J Harding, Stephen B Solomon
PURPOSE: To determine if outpatient medications taken at the time of liver tumor embolization or ablation affect survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was done of 2,032 liver tumor embolization, radioembolization, and ablation procedures performed in 1,092 patients from June 2009 to April 2016. Pathology, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) stage (American Joint Committee on Cancer), neuroendocrine tumor (NET) grade, initial locoregional therapy, overall survival after initial locoregional therapy, Child-Pugh score, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, Charlson Comorbidity Index, and outpatient medications taken at the time of locoregional therapy were analyzed for each patient...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497853/respiratory-morbidity-among-u-s-coal-miners-in-states-outside-of-central-appalachia
#3
Laura E Reynolds, David J Blackley, Anthony S Laney, Cara N Halldin
BACKGROUND: Recent NIOSH publications have focused on the respiratory health of coal miners in central Appalachia, yet 57% of U.S. coal miners work in other regions. We characterized respiratory morbidity in coal miners from these regions. METHODS: Active coal miners working outside of central Appalachia who received chest radiographs and/or spirometry during 2005-2015 were included. Chest radiographs were classified according to International Labour Office standards and spirometry was interpreted using the American Thoracic Society guidelines...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494511/the-ethnic-distribution-of-sessile-serrated-polyps-in-the-united-states-is-inversely-associated-with-h-pylori-prevalence
#4
Amnon Sonnenberg, Kevin O Turner, Robert M Genta
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of sessile serrated polyps (SSP). Our study was aimed to investigate the influence of H. pylori gastritis and demographic patient characteristics (age, sex, ethnicity) on the prevalence of sessile serrated polyps, using a large national database of patients undergoing bi-directional endoscopy. METHODS: De-identified patient data were extracted from the Miraca Life Sciences electronic database of histopathologic reports...
May 11, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493286/comprehensive-analysis-of-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma-ctcl-incidence-and-mortality-in-canada-reveals-changing-trends-and-geographic-clustering-for-this-malignancy
#5
Feras M Ghazawi, Elena Netchiporouk, Elham Rahme, Matthew Tsang, Linda Moreau, Steven Glassman, Nathalie Provost, Martin Gilbert, Sara-Elizabeth Jean, Kevin Pehr, Denis Sasseville, Ivan V Litvinov
BACKGROUND: Previous reports of geographic clustering of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) in Texas, Pittsburgh, and Sweden as well as the occurrence of CTCL in married couples and family members raise a possibility of the existence of an external and potentially preventable trigger(s) for this rare skin cancer. METHODS: The authors studied CTCL incidence and mortality in Canada using 3 distinct population-based cancer databases. Data on patients' sex, age at the time of diagnosis, subtype of CTCL malignancy, reporting province, city, and postal code were analyzed...
May 10, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492053/association-of-ethnicity-fitzpatrick-skin-type-and-hirsutism-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-of-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#6
L Afifi, L Saeed, L A Pasch, H G Huddleston, M I Cedars, L T Zane, K Shinkai
BACKGROUND: The complex interplay between ethnicity, Fitzpatrick skin type (FST), and hirsutism in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional, retrospective analysis, we examined the prevalence, severity, and distribution of hirsutism with clinician-rated site-specific and total modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mFG) visual scoring in a diverse cohort of American patients with PCOS. METHODS: Independent analyses were conducted on the basis of patient-reported FST ratings and ethnicity...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490780/intrabasin-variability-of-east-pacific-tropical-cyclones-during-enso-regulated-by-central-american-gap-winds
#7
Dan Fu, Ping Chang, Christina M Patricola
Hurricane Patricia in 2015 was the strongest Pacific hurricane to make landfall in Mexico. Although Patricia fortuitously spared major cities, it reminded us of the threat tropical cyclones (TCs) pose in the eastern North Pacific (ENP) and the importance of improving our understanding and prediction of ENP TCs. Patricia's intensity and the active 2015 ENP hurricane season have been partially attributed to the strong El Niño in 2015, however there is still a lack of fundamental understanding of the relationship between El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and ENP TCs...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489705/retinal-and-choroidal-vascular-occlusion-following-aqueous-misdirection-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-sickle-cell-trait
#8
Samantha Dewundara, Nariman Nassiri, Johnstone M Kim, Huseyin Kadikoy, Wendewessen Amde, Justin Tannir, Bret A Hughes, Gary W Abrams
PURPOSE: To report a patient with retinal and choroidal vascular occlusion as a presenting sign of sickle cell trait following the development of aqueous misdirection syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: A patient treated for bilateral chronic angle-closure glaucoma with sequential EX-PRESS glaucoma filtration device surgery developed sequential bilateral aqueous misdirection syndrome. The left eye developed retinal arterial and localized choroidal vascular occlusions subsequent to an acute elevation in intraocular pressure and possibly the use of oral acetazolamide...
May 9, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482104/mediating-alcohol-use-in-eastern-nigeria-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-role-of-popular-media-in-young-people-s-recreational-drinking
#9
Emeka W Dumbili, Lesley Henderson
Nigeria has high levels of alcohol consumption, and little or no regulation of the alcohol industry. There is a dearth of studies exploring young adults' drinking in a Nigerian context with only a few predominantly quantitative surveys. These do not explore the social meanings attached to drinking practices nor do they shed light on potential gender differences and how these are mediated by popular media. This qualitative study addresses this gap with semi-structured interviews involving 31 undergraduate students...
June 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480136/the-earliest-known-titanosauriform-sauropod-dinosaur-and-the-evolution-of-brachiosauridae
#10
Philip D Mannion, Ronan Allain, Olivier Moine
Brachiosauridae is a clade of titanosauriform sauropod dinosaurs that includes the well-known Late Jurassic taxa Brachiosaurus and Giraffatitan. However, there is disagreement over the brachiosaurid affinities of most other taxa, and little consensus regarding the clade's composition or inter-relationships. An unnamed partial sauropod skeleton was collected from middle-late Oxfordian (early Late Jurassic) deposits in Damparis, in the Jura department of eastern France, in 1934. Since its brief description in 1943, this specimen has been informally known in the literature as the 'Damparis sauropod' and 'French Bothriospondylus', and has been considered a brachiosaurid by most authors...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473741/fine-particulate-matter-and-total-mortality-in-cancer-prevention-study-cohort-reanalysis
#11
James E Enstrom
BACKGROUND: In 1997 the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for fine particulate matter (PM2.5), largely because of its positive relationship to total mortality in the 1982 American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study (CPS II) cohort. Subsequently, EPA has used this relationship as the primary justification for many costly regulations, most recently the Clean Power Plan. An independent analysis of the CPS II data was conducted in order to test the validity of this relationship...
January 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473590/dispersals-and-genetic-adaptation-of-bantu-speaking-populations-in-africa-and-north-america
#12
Etienne Patin, Marie Lopez, Rebecca Grollemund, Paul Verdu, Christine Harmant, Hélène Quach, Guillaume Laval, George H Perry, Luis B Barreiro, Alain Froment, Evelyne Heyer, Achille Massougbodji, Cesar Fortes-Lima, Florence Migot-Nabias, Gil Bellis, Jean-Michel Dugoujon, Joana B Pereira, Verónica Fernandes, Luisa Pereira, Lolke Van der Veen, Patrick Mouguiama-Daouda, Carlos D Bustamante, Jean-Marie Hombert, Lluís Quintana-Murci
Bantu languages are spoken by about 310 million Africans, yet the genetic history of Bantu-speaking populations remains largely unexplored. We generated genomic data for 1318 individuals from 35 populations in western central Africa, where Bantu languages originated. We found that early Bantu speakers first moved southward, through the equatorial rainforest, before spreading toward eastern and southern Africa. We also found that genetic adaptation of Bantu speakers was facilitated by admixture with local populations, particularly for the HLA and LCT loci...
May 5, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468889/hypervariable-domain-of-eastern-equine-encephalitis-virus-nsp3-redundantly-utilizes-multiple-cellular-proteins-for-replication-complex-assembly
#13
Ilya Frolov, Dal Young Kim, Maryna Akhrymuk, James A Mobley, Elena I Frolova
Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is a representative member of the New World alphaviruses. It is pathogenic for a variety of vertebrate hosts, in which EEEV induces highly debilitating disease with frequent lethal outcome. Despite a significant public health threat, the molecular mechanism of EEEV replication and interaction with hosts is poorly understood. Our previously published data and those of other teams have demonstrated that hypervariable domains (HVDs) of alphavirus nsP3 protein interact with virus-specific host factors and play critical roles in assembly of viral replication complexes (vRCs)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462055/first-report-of-bats-mammalia-chiroptera-from-the-gray-fossil-site-late-miocene-or-early-pliocene-tennessee-usa
#14
Nicholas J Czaplewski
Thousands of vertebrate fossils have been recovered from the Gray Fossil Site, Tennessee, dating to the Miocene-Pliocene boundary. Among these are but eight specimens of bats representing two different taxa referable to the family Vespertilionidae. Comparison of the fossils with Neogene and Quaternary bats reveals that seven of the eight specimens pertain to a species of Eptesicus that cannot be distinguished from recent North American Eptesicus fuscus. The remaining specimen, a horizontal ramus with m3, is from a smaller vespertilionid bat that cannot confidently be assigned to a genus...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419113/evaluation-of-harvest-and-information-needs-for-north-american-sea-ducks
#15
Mark D Koneff, Guthrie S Zimmerman, Chris P Dwyer, Kathleen K Fleming, Paul I Padding, Patrick K Devers, Fred A Johnson, Michael C Runge, Anthony J Roberts
Wildlife managers routinely seek to establish sustainable limits of sport harvest or other regulated forms of take while confronted with considerable uncertainty. A growing body of ecological research focuses on methods to describe and account for uncertainty in management decision-making and to prioritize research and monitoring investments to reduce the most influential uncertainties. We used simulation methods incorporating measures of demographic uncertainty to evaluate risk of overharvest and prioritize information needs for North American sea ducks (Tribe Mergini)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410009/studies-in-the-antrodia-serialis-group-polyporales-basidiomycota
#16
Viacheslav Spirin, Josef Vlasák, Otto Miettinen
Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Antrodia serialis group are revised with morphological, ecological, and geographic data, partial translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) gene sequences, and nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2-28S sequences. The group contains 13 species found in boreal and temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. The species are limited to certain geographic areas within Eurasia and North America. The traditional morphology-based concept of A. serialis covers at least four closely related species: A...
March 1, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407201/cancer-incidence-profile-in-sub-saharan-african-born-blacks-in-the-united-states-similarities-and-differences-with-us-born-non-hispanic-blacks
#17
Genet A Medhanie, Stacey A Fedewa, Hibret Adissu, Carol E DeSantis, Rebecca L Siegel, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan African-born blacks (ABs) are one of the fastest-growing populations in the United States. However, to the authors' knowledge, data regarding the cancer burden in this group are lacking, which would inform targeted cancer prevention and control. METHODS: The authors calculated age-standardized proportional incidence ratios (PIRs) comparing the frequency of the top 15 cancers in ABs with that of US-born non-Hispanic blacks (USBs) by sex and region of birth using incidence data for 2000 through 2012 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER 17) program...
April 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402796/insights-into-the-phylogeny-of-northern-hemisphere-armillaria-neighbor-net-and-bayesian-analyses-of-translation-elongation-factor-1-%C3%AE-gene-sequences
#18
Ned B Klopfenstein, Jane E Stewart, Yuko Ota, John W Hanna, Bryce A Richardson, Amy L Ross-Davis, Rubén D Elías-Román, Kari Korhonen, Nenad Keča, Eugenia Iturritxa, Dionicio Alvarado-Rosales, Halvor Solheim, Nicholas J Brazee, Piotr Łakomy, Michelle R Cleary, Eri Hasegawa, Taisei Kikuchi, Fortunato Garza-Ocañas, Panaghiotis Tsopelas, Daniel Rigling, Simone Prospero, Tetyana Tsykun, Jean A Bérubé, Franck O P Stefani, Saeideh Jafarpour, Vladimír Antonín, Michal Tomšovský, Geral I McDonald, Stephen Woodward, Mee-Sook Kim
Armillaria possesses several intriguing characteristics that have inspired wide interest in understanding phylogenetic relationships within and among species of this genus. Nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence-based analyses of Armillaria provide only limited information for phylogenetic studies among widely divergent taxa. More recent studies have shown that translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) sequences are highly informative for phylogenetic analysis of Armillaria species within diverse global regions. This study used Neighbor-net and coalescence-based Bayesian analyses to examine phylogenetic relationships of newly determined and existing tef1 sequences derived from diverse Armillaria species from across the Northern Hemisphere, with Southern Hemisphere Armillaria species included for reference...
2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399225/aedeomyia-squamipennis-diptera-culicidae-in-florida-usa-a-new-state-and-country-record
#19
Nathan D Burkett-Cadena, Erik M Blosser
Aedeomyia squamipennis (Lynch Arribalzaga) is a tropical mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) found throughout most of the American Tropics, from eastern Mexico through Argentina, including several Caribbean islands. Larvae are typically associated with bodies of water with dense growths of aquatic vegetation, particularly Pistia stratiotes L., water lettuce. Adult females feed predominantly on the blood of birds and seek hosts in forest canopies. Aedeomyia squamipennis is considered an important vector of Gamboa virus and avian malaria, and is also suspected of transmitting Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392286/a-comparison-of-the-adaptations-of-strains-of-lymantria-dispar-multiple-nucleopolyhedrovirus-to-hosts-from-spatially-isolated-populations
#20
V V Martemyanov, J D Podgwaite, I A Belousova, S V Pavlushin, J M Slavicek, O A Baturina, M R Kabilov, A V Ilyinykh
The adaptation of pathogens to either their hosts or to environmental conditions is the focus of many current ecological studies. In this work we compared the ability of six spatially-distant Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth) multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (LdMNPV) strains (three from eastern North America and three from central Asia) to induce acute infection in gypsy moth larvae. We also sequenced the complete genome of one Asian (LdMNPV-27/0) and one North American (LdMNPV-45/0) strain which were used for bioassay...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
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