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Holger Raviol, Heather Sadlish, Fernanda Rodriguez, Matthias P Mayer, Bernd Bukau
The Hsp110 proteins, exclusively found in the eukaryotic cytosol, have significant sequence homology to the Hsp70 molecular chaperone superfamily. Despite this homology and the cellular abundance of these proteins, the precise functional role has remained undefined. Here, we present the intriguing finding that the yeast homologue, Sse1p, acts as an efficient nucleotide exchange factor (NEF) for both yeast cytosolic Hsp70s, Ssa1p and Ssb1p. The mechanism involves formation of a stable nucleotide-sensitive complex, but does not require ATP hydrolysis by Sse1p...
June 7, 2006: EMBO Journal
Holger Raviol, Bernd Bukau, Matthias P Mayer
Hsp110 proteins constitute a heterogeneous family of abundant molecular chaperones, related to the Hsp70 proteins and exclusively found in the cytosol of eukaryotic organisms. Hsp110 family members are described as efficient holdases, preventing the aggregation and assisting the refolding of heat-denatured model substrates in the presence of Hsp70 chaperones and their co-chaperones. To gain more insights into the mode of action of this protein family we compared two homologues representing two subtypes of Hsp110 proteins, S...
January 9, 2006: FEBS Letters
J M Gottesfeld, C Melander, R K Suto, H Raviol, K Luger, P B Dervan
The ability of DNA-binding proteins to recognize their cognate sites in chromatin is restricted by the structure and dynamics of nucleosomal DNA, and by the translational and rotational positioning of the histone octamer. Here, we use six different pyrrole-imidazole polyamides as sequence-specific molecular probes for DNA accessibility in nucleosomes. We show that sites on nucleosomal DNA facing away from the histone octamer, or even partially facing the histone octamer, are fully accessible and that nucleosomes remain fully folded upon ligand binding...
June 8, 2001: Journal of Molecular Biology
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