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autism, adhd, child development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#1
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176178/are-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-less-impairing-than-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-associations-with-child-quality-of-life-and-parental-stress-and-psychopathology
#2
Liesbeth G E Telman, Francisca J A van Steensel, Marija Maric, Susan M Bögels
We compared clinically referred children with anxiety disorders (AD; n = 63) to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 39), ADHD Combined (ADHD-C; n = 62), ADHD Predominantly Inattentive (ADHD-I; n = 64), and typically developing children (n = 42) on child quality of life (QOL), paternal and maternal psychopathology and parental stress. Diagnoses were based on DSM-IV-TR criteria. Multilevel analyses showed that QOL in AD was higher on school and social functioning, compared to respectively ADHD and ASD, and lower compared to normal controls on all five domains...
February 7, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167642/what-can-large-population-based-birth-cohort-study-ask-about-past-present-and-future-of-children-with-disorders-of-development-learning-and-behaviour
#3
Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Scott M Myers, Robert G Voigt, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Ruth E Stoeckel, Amy L Weaver
A large cohort consisting of all children born to mothers from community provides 'natural' selection into different exposures and is a powerful resource for epidemiological research. A large population-based birth cohort with detailed systematic information already recorded, as part of longitudinal medical care, historical and current school data, detailed birth certificate data and all three resources available for every member of the birth cohort, are extremely rare. Our population-based birth cohort consists of all children born between 1976 and 2000 to mothers residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, at the time of child's birth (N=39 890)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#4
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893232/narrative-production-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-and-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-similarities-and-differences
#5
Sanne J M Kuijper, Catharina A Hartman, Suzanne T M Bogaerds-Hazenberg, Petra Hendriks
The present study focuses on the similarities and differences in language production between children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In addition, we investigated whether Theory of Mind (ToM), working memory, and response inhibition are associated with language production. Narratives, produced by 106 Dutch-speaking children (36 with ASD, 34 with ADHD, and 36 typically developing) aged 6 to 12 during ADOS assessment, were examined on several linguistic measures: verbal productivity, speech fluency, syntactic complexity, lexical semantics, and discourse pragmatics...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846197/association-between-breastfeeding-duration-and-cognitive-development-autistic-traits-and-adhd-symptoms-a-multicenter-study-in-spain
#6
Olivier Boucher, Jordi Julvez, Mònica Guxens, Enrique Arranz, Jesús Ibarluzea, Manuel Sánchez de Miguel, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Adonina Tardon, Marisa Rebagliato, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Giselle O'Connor, Ferran Ballester, Jordi Sunyer
BACKGROUND: Several studies have related longer breastfeeding duration to better intellectual performance in children. By contrast, few studies have investigated the potential protective effects of breastfeeding against behavioral problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, and even fewer on autism spectrum disorders (ASD) traits. METHODS: We examined the association between breastfeeding duration and cognitive development, attention, ADHD symptoms, and autistic traits using data from the INMA Project, a Spanish multicenter birth-cohort study, and taking into account the intensity of breastfeeding...
November 15, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785028/screening-for-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-developmental-delay-in-taiwanese-aboriginal-preschool-children
#7
Hsiang-Lin Chan, Wen-Sheng Liu, Yi-Hsuan Hsieh, Chiao-Fan Lin, Tiing-Soon Ling, Yu-Shu Huang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate the percentages of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Taiwanese aboriginal preschool children. Child development level was compared between the two groups. METHODS: Teachers completed screening questionnaires for ADHD, ASD, and development level for 36- to 72-month-old children in kindergartens in Taiwan. The questionnaire results were compared between the aboriginal and nonaboriginal children...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712703/attribute-development-using-continuous-stakeholder-engagement-to-prioritize-treatment-decisions-a-framework-for-patient-centered-research
#8
Susan dosReis, Wendy Camelo Castillo, Melissa Ross, Marcy Fitz-Randolph, Angela Vaughn-Lee, Beverly Butler
OBJECTIVES: To develop a methodological approach for selecting, validating, and prioritizing attributes for health care decision making. METHODS: Participants (n = 48) were recruited from community support groups if they had a child aged 26 years or younger diagnosed with a coexisting mental health condition and cognitive impairment. Six in-depth interviews eliciting care management experiences were transcribed and coded into themes following the principles of grounded theory and the constant comparative method...
September 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709604/annual-research-review-quality-of-life-and-childhood-mental-and-behavioural-disorders-a-critical-review-of-the-research
#9
REVIEW
Ulf Jonsson, Iman Alaie, Anna Löfgren Wilteus, Eric Zander, Peter B Marschik, David Coghill, Sven Bölte
BACKGROUND: An individual's subjective perception of well-being is increasingly recognized as an essential complement to clinical symptomatology and functional impairment in children's mental health. Measurement of quality of life (QoL) has the potential to give due weight to the child's perspective. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY: Our aim was to critically review the current evidence on how childhood mental disorders affect QoL. First, the major challenges in this research field are outlined...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678006/children-with-adhd-symptoms-show-decreased-activity-in-ventral-striatum-during-the-anticipation-of-reward-irrespective-of-adhd-diagnosis
#10
Branko M van Hulst, Patrick de Zeeuw, Dienke J Bos, Yvonne Rijks, Sebastiaan F W Neggers, Sarah Durston
BACKGROUND: Changes in reward processing are thought to be involved in the etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as other developmental disorders. In addition, different forms of therapy for ADHD rely on reinforcement principles. As such, improved understanding of reward processing in ADHD could eventually lead to more effective treatment options. However, differences in reward processing may not be specific to ADHD, but may be a trans-diagnostic feature of disorders that involve ADHD-like symptoms...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606025/psychiatric-manifestations-of-congenital-rubella-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Nidhi Chauhan, Mahadev Singh Sen, Soumya Jhanda, Sandeep Grover
Neurodevelopmental disorders are known to have varied etiology. Among known etiologic causes, congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) is reported to be one of the infections associated with neurodevelopmental disorders. CRS has been reported to be associated with large number of psychiatric manifestation. However, data from developing countries on psychiatric manifestations of CRS are nonexistent. In this report, we present the case of a 7-year-old boy, who presented with mental retardation, atypical autism, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468523/clinical-profile-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-impact-of-ethnic-and-social-diversities-in-israel
#12
Muhammad Mahaj, Rajech Sharkia, Nadeem Shorbaji, Nathanel Zelnik
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased worldwide recognition of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there is a variability in the diagnostic rate of both ADHD and its co-morbidities. These diversities are probably related to the methodology and instruments used for the diagnosis of ADHD and to awareness and cultural interpretation of its existence. OBJECTIVES: To identify consistent differences in the clinical profile of Arab and Jewish children with ADHD in Israel who differ in cultural, ethnic and socioeconomic background...
June 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443172/practitioner-review-multilingualism-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders-an-overview-of-recent-research-and-discussion-of-clinical-implications
#13
REVIEW
Mirko Uljarević, Napoleon Katsos, Kristelle Hudry, Jenny L Gibson
BACKGROUND: Language and communication skills are essential aspects of child development, which are often disrupted in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. Cutting edge research in psycholinguistics suggests that multilingualism has potential to influence social, linguistic and cognitive development. Thus, multilingualism has implications for clinical assessment, diagnostic formulation, intervention and support offered to families. We present a systematic review and synthesis of the effects of multilingualism for children with neurodevelopmental disorders and discuss clinical implications...
November 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386975/long-term-neurodevelopmental-benefits-of-breastfeeding
#14
Sari Bar, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of an infant#$#apos;s life, with continuation of breastfeeding for at least a year or as mutually desired by mother and child. A robust body of research literature documenting the short-term medical, developmental, and emotional benefits of breastfeeding for infants and toddlers supports this position. This article reviews the neurodevelopmental benefits of breastfeeding as it relates to preschool and school-age children, with particular emphasis on cognitive development, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and autism spectrum disorder...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312842/fragile-x-premutation-carrier-epidemiology-and-symptomatology-in-israel-results-from-a-tertiary-child-developmental-center
#15
Lidia V Gabis, Noah Gruber, Michal Berkenstadt, Shahar Shefer, Odelia Leon Attia, Dana Mula, Yoram Cohen, Shai E Elizur
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most prevalent known genetically inherited cause for autism and intellectual disability. Premutation state can cause several clinical disorders as well. We aimed to perform a nesting approach to acquire data with regard to first degree relatives of index fragile X cases at the largest child development center in Israel in order to map characteristics of Israeli FXS permutation women carriers. Seventy-nine women were referred due to a related fragile X syndrome patient, mainly an offspring or sibling...
October 2016: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26987761/research-review-environmental-exposures-neurodevelopment-and-child-mental-health-new-paradigms-for-the-study-of-brain-and-behavioral-effects
#16
REVIEW
Virginia A Rauh, Amy E Margolis
BACKGROUND: Environmental exposures play a critical role in the genesis of some child mental health problems. METHODS: We open with a discussion of children's vulnerability to neurotoxic substances, changes in the distribution of toxic exposures, and cooccurrence of social and physical exposures. We address trends in prevalence of mental health disorders, and approaches to the definition of disorders that are sensitive to the subtle effects of toxic exposures. We suggest broadening outcomes to include dimensional measures of autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and child learning capacity, as well as direct assessment of brain function...
July 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26975838/factors-associated-with-accidental-injuries-in-children-with-adhd-combined-type-more-than-a-motor-problem
#17
Amanda Connolly, Joanne Fielding, Nicole Papadopoulos, Jennifer McGinley, Anna Murphy, Nicole J Rinehart
OBJECTIVE: We explored the relationship between accidental injuries, motor impairment, and co-occurring autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms in children with ADHD-combined type (ADHD-CT). METHOD: Participants were 32 male children diagnosed with ADHD-CT and 23 typically developing male children (7-12 years, full scale IQ [FSIQ] > 80). Parents completed a customized questionnaire on the occurrence of accidental injuries (e.g., bruises, cuts) their child experienced in the past 12 months...
March 14, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26922967/-assessment-of-anxiety-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M S Fortea-Sevilla, M O Escandell-Bermudez, J J Castro-Sanchez, J Martos-Perez
INTRODUCTION: The identification of factors that influence attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorders (ASD) will allow the development of intervention strategies that will benefit the personal and social adjustment of these individuals. It is well known that children with developmental disorders have a higher risk of presenting symptoms of anxiety than typically developing children. AIM: To assess the perception of anxiety of a group of children and adolescents with ADHD or ASD and the anxiety their parents believe their children have, through the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorder (SCARED)...
2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732133/annual-research-review-discovery-science-strategies-in-studies-of-the-pathophysiology-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-promises-and-limitations
#19
REVIEW
Yihong Zhao, F Xavier Castellanos
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric science remains descriptive, with a categorical nosology intended to enhance interobserver reliability. Increased awareness of the mismatch between categorical classifications and the complexity of biological systems drives the search for novel frameworks including discovery science in Big Data. In this review, we provide an overview of incipient approaches, primarily focused on classically categorical diagnoses such as schizophrenia (SZ), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but also reference convincing, if focal, advances in cancer biology, to describe the challenges of Big Data and discovery science, and outline approaches being formulated to overcome existing obstacles...
March 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26651393/perinatal-phosphatidylcholine-supplementation-and-early-childhood-behavior-problems-evidence-for-chrna7-moderation
#20
Randal G Ross, Sharon K Hunter, M Camille Hoffman, Lizbeth McCarthy, Betsey M Chambers, Amanda J Law, Sherry Leonard, Gary O Zerbe, Robert Freedman
OBJECTIVE: α7-Nicotinic receptors are involved in the final maturation of GABA inhibitory synapses before birth. Choline at levels found in the amniotic fluid is an agonist at α7-nicotinic receptors. The authors conducted a double-blind placebo-controlled trial to assess whether high-dose oral phosphatidylcholine supplementation during pregnancy to increase maternal amniotic fluid choline levels would enhance fetal development of cerebral inhibition and, as a result, decrease childhood behavior problems associated with later mental illness...
May 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
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