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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207824/evaluation-of-surgical-anti-adhesion-products-to-reduce-postsurgical-intra-abdominal-adhesion-formation-in-a-rat-model
#1
Long-Xiang Lin, Fang Yuan, Hui-Hui Zhang, Ni-Na Liao, Jing-Wan Luo, Yu-Long Sun
BACKGROUND: Adhesions frequently occur after abdominal surgery. Many anti-adhesion products have been used in clinic. However, the evidences are short for surgeons to reasonably choose the suitable anti-adhesion produces in clinical practice. This study provided such evidence by comparing the efficiency of five products to prevent abdominal adhesion formation in a rat model. METHODS: Fifty-six Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into seven groups: sham-operation group, adhesion group, and five product groups (n = 8)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203511/a-retrospective-look-at-integrating-a-novel-regenerative-medicine-approach-in-plastic-limb-reconstruction
#2
Edgardo R Rodriguez Collazo, Christopher R Rathbone, Brian R Barnes
Full-thickness wounds that have rendered patients candidates for amputation may require techniques that may include a combinatorial approach above traditional standard of care. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative approach whereby several therapies were combined to avoid amputation. Patients with full-thickness wounds who were previously recommended for amputation and were treated with the combinatorial approach of muscle flap reconstruction and concentrated bone marrow aspirate, platelet-rich plasma, INTEGRA Wound matrix, vacuum-assisted closure, and split-thickness skin grafts were assessed retrospectively...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194520/simple-and-safe-technique-for-closure-of-midline-abdominal-wound-dehiscence
#3
M H Abo-Ryia
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess an alternative technique for closure of burst abdomen. METHOD: After reduction of the viscera and toilet of abdominal cavity with debridement of any necrotic tissues in the skin or fascia, the skin was undermined to expose the aponeurosis all-around the defect edges for at least 5-6 cm. The greater omentum is spread in the floor of the wound and fixed to the inner side of the defect. A piece of polypropylene mesh designed according to the size and shape of the defect and sutured to its external edge continuously...
February 13, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194294/pedicle-temporalis-fascial-flap-with-axial-scalp-flap-obviates-need-of-free-flap-in-extensive-scalp-wound
#4
F W Nangole, S O Khainga
Extensive scalp defect with exposed bone is best reconstructed with flaps. Majority of these wounds are now routinely reconstructed with free flaps in many centers. Free flaps however require lengthy operative time and may not be available to all patients, where possible less extensive options should thus be encouraged. A sixty-eight-year-old patient presented to us with a Marjolin's ulcer on the vertex of the scalp. After wide local excision a defect of about 17 cm and 12 cm was left. The defect was successfully covered with a combination of an ipsilateral pedicle temporalis fascial flap and an axial supraorbital scalp flap with good outcome...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179115/chemical-composition-of-the-essential-oils-and-extracts-of-achillea-species-and-their-biological-activities-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Majid Mohammadhosseini, Satyajit D Sarker, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) family incorporates a large number of flowering plants, which have been classified under ca. 1600 genera covering more than 23,000 species. The genus Achillea is one of the best-known genera of this family. The Achillea species are important for their uses in the chemical and pharmaceutical purposes, and traditional and folk medicines. From ethnobotanical point of view, they heve been recommended as effective tonic, sedative, diuretic and carminative remedies and extensively prescribed for the treatment of stomachache, inflammation, gastrointestinal, hemorrhoid, hay fever, and wound healing in indigenous medicines...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177877/antimicrobial-peptide-epinecidin-1-promotes-complete-skin-regeneration-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infected-burn-wounds-in-a-swine-model
#6
Han-Ning Huang, Chieh-Yu Pan, Hung-Yi Wu, Jyh-Yih Chen
This report shows that the antimicrobial peptide (AMP) Epinecidin-1 (Epi-1) efficiently heals MRSA-infected heat burn injuries and provides protection from infection in a pig model. The presence of an optimal level of Epi-1 induces cell proliferation by promoting cell cycle progression through an increase in S-phase cells. Epi-1 also induces proliferation to cover the wounded region in an in vitro cell proliferation assay using immortalized human epithelial HaCaT cells. Next, the in vivo wound healing efficiency of Epi-1 was tested in heat-burned pig skin infected with MRSA under in vivo conditions...
February 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168687/alteration-of-the-death-scene-after-self-stabbing-a-case-of-sharp-force-suicide-disguised-by-the-victim-as-a-homicide
#7
Guido Pelletti, Sindi Visentin, Claudio Rago, Giovanni Cecchetto, Massimo Montisci
This paper reports a case of a 72-year-old woman who was found dead in her bedroom with a 4 cm vertical stab wound in the abdomen. A bloodstained knife was found in the top drawer of her bedside table. The clothes worn by the victim showed no damage. A bloodstained vest and a sweater with frontal incisions were found far from the victim, in the bathroom and in the bedroom respectively. Several bloodstains were found in every room of the apartment. The evidence found during the forensic examination and, in particular, the Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, led the investigators to determine the manner of death, being consistent with a suicide with a long-lasting physical activity after self-stabbing...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165571/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-and-early-pedicle-flap-reconstruction-of-the-chest-wall-after-epirubicin-extravasation
#8
Marios Papadakis, Afshin Rahmanian-Schwarz, Marzena Bednarek, Mohamed Arafkas, Philipp Holschneider, Gunnar Hübner
PURPOSE: Accidental extravasation is a serious iatrogenic injury among patients receiving anthracycline-containing chemotherapy. The aim of this work is to present a combination therapy for chest wall reconstruction following epirubicin extravasation. METHODS: Herein, we report a 68-year-old woman with massive soft tissue necrosis of the anterolateral chest wall after epirubicin extravasation from a port implanted in the subclavicular area. RESULTS: The necrotic tissue was resected, the port was removed, and negative-pressure wound therapy was applied...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156603/benefits-of-cover-makeup-for-survivors
#9
Yuji Heike
: 259 Background: Cancer therapy causes various appearance changes, such as chemotherapy-induced alopecia and skin pigmentation. These events decrease cancer survivors' QoL (quality of life), and sometimes deprive them of social life and work opportunities. Even though wigs are commonly accessible to care hair loss, the way has not been established to care visual changes in skin. Our previous interview survey revealed that visual changes in skin depressed cancer survivors and their daily life were also interrupted, e...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153645/-epidemiological-clinical-and-forensic-physical-violence-against-women-in-tambacounda-senegal
#10
M M M Leye, P Ndiaye, D Ndiaye, I Seck, A Faye, A Tal Dia
INTRODUCTION: To contribute to the fight against physical violence against women, this work aimed to make a 10-year review of cases treated at the Regional Court of Tambacounda. METHODOLOGY: This observational, retrospective, descriptive and analytical study was conducted from 15 October 2014 to 15 April 2015. It covered all the court records of victims of intentional injury from 2006 to 2015. The data was entered and analyzed using Epi info 3.3.2 software. RESULTS: In all, 113 cases were treated...
January 30, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151546/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-using-polyvinyl-alcohol-foam-to-bolster-full-thickness-mesh-skin-grafts-in-dogs
#11
Matan Or, Bart Van Goethem, Adriaan Kitshoff, Annika Koenraadt, Ilona Schwarzkopf, Tim Bosmans, Hilde de Rooster
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) foam to bolster full-thickness mesh skin grafts in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 8). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Full-thickness mesh skin graft was directly covered with PVA foam. NPWT was maintained for 5 days (in 1 or 2 cycles). Grafts were evaluated on days 2, 5, 10, 15, and 30 for graft appearance and graft take, granulation tissue formation, and complications...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149255/treatment-of-an-acute-deep-hand-burn-in-a-lowincome-country-with-no-available-microsurgery-a-case-report
#12
K S Amouzou, A El Harti, T E Kouevi-Koko, A Abalo, A Dossim
Deep hand burns usually lead to joint and tendon exposure. A simple skin graft is insufficient to achieve healing. Soft tissue reconstruction represents a surgical challenge that ranges from the simplest to the most complex flaps. In some areas, microsurgery is not technically possible. Choice is then limited to pedicled distant flaps such as the abdominal wall flap-graft. We report a case of an acute burned hand with exposure of metacarpophalangeal joints from the second to the fourth radius as well as proximal inter phalangeal joints from the second to the fifth radius and extensor tendons, treated in the burns and wound care unit of the Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital in Lomé...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149249/temporary-coverage-of-burns-with-a-xenograft-and-sequential-excision-compared-with-total-early-excision-and-autograft
#13
M Elmasry, I Steinvall, J Thorfinn, P Olofsson, A H Abbas, I Abdelrahman, O A Adly, F Sjoberg
During the 80s and 90s, early and total excision of full thickness burns followed by immediate autograft was the most common treatment, with repeated excision and grafting, mostly for failed grafts. It was hypothesized, therefore, that delayed coverage with an autograft preceded by a temporary xenograft after early and sequential smaller excisions would lead to a better wound bed with fewer failed grafts, a smaller donor site, and possibly also a shorter duration of stay in hospital. We carried out a case control study with retrospective analysis from our National Burn Centre registry for the period 1997-2011...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144578/unhappy-triad-in-limb-reconstruction-management-by-ilizarov-method
#14
Barakat Sayed El-Alfy
AIM: To evaluate the results of the Ilizarov method in management of cases with bone loss, soft tissue loss and infection. METHODS: Twenty eight patients with severe leg trauma complicated by bone loss, soft tissue loss and infection were managed by distraction osteogenesis in our institution. After radical debridement of all the infected and dead tissues the Ilizarov frame was applied, corticotomy was done and bone transport started. The wounds were left open to drain...
January 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135127/elm-a-new-simple-and-economic-assay-to-measure-motility-of-lymphatic-endothelial-cells
#15
Fabio Torri, Patrizia Dell'Era, Emirena Garrafa
BACKGROUND: Relatively few attempts have been made to set up an assay that allows the measurement of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) motility. Nowadays, the most widely used methods involve adaptation of the Boyden chamber method or the wound scratch assay, both of them showing some limitations due to long and expensive setup and high variability. METHODS AND RESULTS: We propose a new, economic, and easy to setup LEC Motility (ELM) assay that will contribute to the study of lymphangiogenesis...
January 30, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132034/-clinical-evaluation-of-the-new-antiseptic-meshes
#16
M Gogoladze, M Kiladze, T Chkhikvadze, D Jiqia
Improving the results of hernia treatment and prevention of complications became a goal of our research which included two parts - experimental and clinical. Histomorphological and bacteriological researches showed that the best result out of the 3 control groups was received in case of covering implant "Coladerm"+ with chlorhexidine. Based on the experiment results working process continued in clinics in order to test and introduce new "coladerm"+ chlorhexidine covered poliprophilene meshes into practice. For clinical illustration there were 60 patients introduced to the research who had hernioplasty procedures by different nets: I group - standard meshes+"coladerm"+chlorhexidine, 35 patients; II group - standard meshes +"coladerm", 15 patients; III group - standard meshes, 10 patients...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127573/biomaterials-and-tissue-engineering-for-scar-management-in-wound-care
#17
REVIEW
Maedeh Rahimnejad, Soroosh Derakhshanfar, Wen Zhong
Scars are a natural and unavoidable result from most wound repair procedures and the body's physiological healing response. However, they scars can cause considerable functional impairment and emotional and social distress. There are different forms of treatments that have been adopted to manage or eliminate scar formation. This review covers the latest research in the past decade on using either natural agents or synthetic biomaterials in treatments for scar reduction.
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123862/staged-excisions-of-moderate-sized-burns-compared-with-total-excision-with-immediate-autograft-an-evaluation-of-two-strategies
#18
Moustafa Elmasry, Ingrid Steinvall, Johan Thorfinn, Islam Abdelrahman, Pia Olofsson, Folke Sjoberg
BACKGROUND: Different surgical techniques have evolved since excision and autografting became the treatment of choice for deep burns in the 1970s. The treatment plan at the Burn Center, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden, has shifted from single-stage excision and immediate autografting to staged excisions and temporary cover with xenografts before autografting. The aim of this study was to find out if the change in policy resulted in extended duration of hospital stay/total body surface area burned (LOS/TBSA%)...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116017/emergency-medicine-resident-orientation-how-training-programs-get-their-residents-started
#19
Jillian McGrath, Michael Barrie, David P Way
INTRODUCTION: The first formal orientation program for incoming emergency medicine (EM) residents was started in 1976. The last attempt to describe the nature of orientation programs was by Brillman in 1995. Now almost all residencies offer orientation to incoming residents, but little is known about the curricular content or structure of these programs. The purpose of this project was to describe the current composition and purpose of EM resident orientation programs in the United States...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115750/models-for-the-study-of-skin-wound-healing-the-role-of-nrf2-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#20
Nikola Ambrozova, Jitka Ulrichova, Adela Galandakova
Nrf2 and NF-κB transcription factors act in wound healing via their anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects or through the immune response. Studying this process is a matter of some importance given the high cost of wound treatment. A major contribution in this regard is being made by models that enable investigation of the involvement of multiple factors in wound healing and testing new curative substances. This literature review was carried out via searches in the PubMed and Web of Science databases up to 2016...
January 6, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
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