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Workplace health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538025/a-cluster-rct-to-reduce-workers-sitting-time-impact-on-cardiometabolic-biomarkers
#1
Genevieve N Healy, Elisabeth Ah Winkler, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Marj Moodie, David W Dunstan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the initial and long-term impacts on cardio-metabolic health indicators of the Stand Up Victoria intervention - a 12-month, multicomponent workplace-delivered intervention that successfully reduced overall sitting time, primarily by increasing standing time. METHODS: Office worksites (≥1km apart) from a single organization were cluster randomized to intervention (n=7) or control (n=7). Participants were 136 intervention and 95 control desk-based workers (5-39 per worksite; 68% women; mean±SD age = 45...
May 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535398/nurses-occupational-physical-activity-levels-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Stephanie E Chappel, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Brad Aisbett, Julie Considine, Nicola D Ridgers
BACKGROUND: Nurses' physical performance at work has implications both for nurses' occupational health and patient care. Although nurses are the largest healthcare workforce, are present 24-hours a day, and engage in many physically demanding tasks, nurses' occupational physical activity levels are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine nurses' occupational physical activity levels, and explore how nurses accumulate their physical activity during a shift...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532889/effect-of-self-myofascial-release-on-myofascial-pain-muscle-flexibility-and-strength-a-narrative-review
#3
Leonid Kalichman, Chen Ben David
BACKGROUND: Numerous techniques have been employed to treat myofascial pain syndrome. Self-myofascial release (SMFR) is a relatively new technique of soft tissue mobilization. The simplicity and portability of the SMFR tools allow it to be easily implemented in any type of fitness or rehabilitation program. It is an active method and can be used by anyone at home or at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: To review the current methods of SMFR, their mechanisms, and efficacy in treating myofascial pain, improving muscle flexibility and strength...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532732/nurses-health-promoting-lifestyle-behaviors-in-a-community-hospital
#4
Emma Kurnat-Thoma, Majeda El-Banna, Monica Oakcrum, Jill Tyroler
PURPOSE: To examine nurses' health-promoting lifestyle behaviors, describe their self-reported engagement in employee wellness program benefit options, and explore relationships between nurse demographic factors, health characteristics and lifestyle behaviors. BACKGROUND: Nurses adopting unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are at significantly higher risk for developing a number of chronic diseases and are at increased susceptibility to exhaustion, job dissatisfaction and turnover...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532628/milestones-barriers-and-beacons-shared-decision-making-in-canada-inches-ahead
#5
France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Pierre-Gerlier Forest, Marie-France Coutu, Patrick Archambault, Laura Boland, Holly O Witteman, Annie LeBlanc, Krystina B Lewis, Anik M C Giguere
Canada's approach to shared decision making (SDM) remains as disparate as its healthcare system; a conglomerate of 14 public plans - ten provincial, three territorial and one federal. The healthcare research funding environment has been largely positive for SDM because there was funding for knowledge translation research which also encompassed SDM. The funding climate currently places new emphasis on patient involvement in research and on patient empowerment in healthcare. SDM fields have expanded from primary care to elder care, paediatrics, emergency and critical care medicine, cardiology, nutrition, occupational therapy and workplace rehabilitation...
May 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532470/health-care-professionals-attitudes-towards-evidence-based-medicine-in-the-workers-compensation-setting-a-cohort-study
#6
Nieke A Elbers, Robin Chase, Ashley Craig, Lyn Guy, Ian A Harris, James W Middleton, Michael K Nicholas, Trudy Rebbeck, John Walsh, Simon Willcock, Keri Lockwood, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Problems may arise during the approval process of treatment after a compensable work injury, which include excess paperwork, delays in approving services, disputes, and allegations of over-servicing. This is perceived as undesirable for injured people, health care professionals and claims managers, and costly to the health care system, compensation system, workplaces and society. Introducing an Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) decision tool in the workers' compensation system could provide a partial solution, by reducing uncertainty about effective treatment...
May 22, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532219/no-sweat-managing-menopausal-symptoms-at-work
#7
Martha Hickey, Kathleen Riach, Reza Kachouie, Gavin Jack
INTRODUCTION: Menopause usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, a time when women are likely to be in the paid workforce. Most women have menopausal symptoms and these may impact on daytime function and work performance. This study examines the relationship between reproductive stage, menopausal symptoms and work, and advises how employers can best support menopausal women. METHODS: An online and paper-based survey was completed in 2015-16 by 1092 women (22% response rate) aged 40 years plus employed in three hospitals in metropolitan Australia...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525907/sexual-life-satisfaction-and-its-associated-socio-demographic-and-workplace-factors-among-chinese-female-nurses-of-tertiary-general-hospitals
#8
Feng Ji, Deguo Jiang, Xiaodong Lin, Wei Zhang, Weifang Zheng, Ce Cheng, Chongguang Lin, Lirong Hu, Chuanjun Zhuo
Adverse workplace factors such as job stress are reported to be associated with poor physical and mental health of nurses. However, associations between occupational factors and sexual life satisfaction (SLS) of nurses remain understudied. This study investigated SLS of Chinese female nurses of tertiary general hospitals and socio-demographic and occupational factors associated with reduced SLS of nurses. In this cross-sectional survey, 393 Chinese female nurses of four tertiary general hospitals completed a standardized socio-demographic and occupational characteristics questionnaire, Zung's Self-rating Scale for Depression, Job Content Questionnaire, and a self-report SLS question...
May 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525444/cardiovascular-disease-risk-profile-and-readiness-to-change-in-blue-and-white-collar-workers
#9
Kerith D Aginsky, Demitri Constantinou, Maretha Delport, Estelle D Watson
This study provides a health and risk profile of blue- (BCWs) and white-collar workers (WCWs). Health screening data (n = 603; age 38.2 ± 9.7 years) included cholesterol and glucose finger-prick test, blood pressure, body mass index, and self-reported stress levels and readiness to change. Blue-collar workers were significantly older and had higher blood pressure readings and were more likely to develop hypertension (odds ratio [OR]: 1.72; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-2.81; P = .03), but less likely to present with hypercholesterolemia (OR: 0...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#10
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520495/an-approach-to-assess-the-burden-of-work-related-injury-disease-and-distress
#11
Paul A Schulte, Rene Pana-Cryan, Teresa Schnorr, Anita L Schill, Rebecca Guerin, Sarah Felknor, Gregory R Wagner
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516826/fatalities-from-firearm-related-injuries-in-selected-governorates-of-iraq-2010-2013
#12
Maximilian P Nerlander, Eva Leidman, Ahmed Hassan, Abdul-Salam Saleh Sultan, Syed Jaffar Hussain, Lauren B Browne, Oleg O Bilukha
BACKGROUND: In Iraq, where Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and other groups have contributed to escalating violence in recent years, understanding the epidemiology of intentional firearm-related fatalities is essential for public health action. METHODS: The Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH; Baghdad, Iraq) compiles surveillance of fatal injuries in eight of Iraq's 18 governorates (Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Basrah, Erbil, Kerbala, Maysan, Ninevah, and Al-Sulaimaniya)...
May 18, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516258/-biomarkers-of-internal-exposure-to-toxicologically-relevant-contaminants-in-food
#13
REVIEW
Klaus Abraham, Bernhard Monien, Alfonso Lampen
The assessment of health risks resulting from the intake of genotoxic carcinogens in food depends essentially on a valid exposure assessment. The reliability of the external exposure estimation is restricted by various factors, e. g. inaccurate data from dietary protocols and variations of food contaminant contents. As an alternative, the individual internal exposure to genotoxic substances may be described by specific biomarkers in different matrices. For example, mercapturic acids formed after glutathione conjugation of electrophilic metabolites can be detected in the urine...
May 17, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515945/exposure-to-occupational-hazards-for-pregnancy-and-sick-leave-in-pregnant-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Jean-Bernard Henrotin, Monique Vaissière, Maryline Etaix, Mathieu Dziurla, Stéphane Malard, Dominique Lafon
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to occupational hazards for pregnancy and sick leave (SL) in pregnant workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in French occupational health services in 2014. Occupational hazards for pregnancy were assessed by occupational health physicians (OHPs). After delivery and at the time of returning to work, 1,495 eligible workers were interviewed by OHPs. Information on SL was self-reported...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515635/changing-the-smoking-habit-prevalence-knowledge-and-attitudes-among-umbrian-hospital-healthcare-professionals
#15
REVIEW
D Pianori, A Gili, G Masanotti
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals should work against smoking habit to promote a correct life style. This study aimed to evaluate smoking prevalence and attitudes towards tobacco among Umbrian hospital professionals in a period between 2006 and 2015, since the approbation of the law that ban smoking in hospitals and all public areas in 2003. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a questionnaire administered in 2006, 2011 and 2015 to healthcare professionals...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515512/a-just-culture-approach-to-managing-medication-errors
#16
Erin Rogers, Emily Griffin, William Carnie, Joseph Melucci, Robert J Weber
Medication errors continue to be a concern of health care providers and the public, in particular how to prevent harm from medication mistakes. Many health care workers are afraid to report errors for fear of retribution including the loss of professional licensure and even imprisonment. Most health care workers are silent, instead of admitting their mistake and discussing it openly with peers. This can result in further patient harm if the system causing the mistake is not identified and fixed; thus self-denial may have a negative impact on patient care outcomes...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513763/interaction-between-demand-control-and-social-support-in-the-occurrence-of-common-mental-disorders
#17
Amália Ivine Santana Mattos, Tânia Maria de Araújo, Maura Maria Guimarães de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the interaction between the psychosocial aspects of work and the occurrence of common mental disorders among health workers. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with a representative sample of workers of the primary health care of five municipalities of the State of Bahia, Brazil, in 2012. The variable of outcome were the common mental disorders evaluated by the SRQ-20, and the variables of exposure were high demand (high psychological demand and low control over the work) and low social support in the workplace...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513195/binge-drinking-health-impact-prevalence-correlates-and-interventions
#18
Emmanuel Kuntsche, Sandra Kuntsche, Johannes Thrul, Gerhard Gmel
OBJECTIVE: Binge drinking (also called heavy episodic drinking, risky single-occasion drinking etc.) is a major public health problem. This paper provides an overview of recently published evidence concerning the definition and measurement, prevalence rates, health impact, demographic and psychosocial correlates of, and interventions for, binge drinking. DESIGN: Narrative review. RESULTS: Mostly occurring among young people at weekends, binge drinking increases the risk of both acute (e...
May 17, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512365/-temperament-risk-factor-for-mental-health-disturbances-in-the-judiciary-staff
#19
Katarzyna Orlak, Jan Tylka
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to examine how temperament might moderate the health impact of psychosocial hazards at work and thus to attempt to identify the temperament risk factor in the judiciary staff. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data were collected from 355 court employees, including judges, judicial assistants, court clerks and service workers from criminal, civil, commercial as well as from labor and social insurance divisions. The psychosocial work environment was measured with the Psychosocial Working Conditions Questionnaire by Cieślak and Widerszal-Bazyl, temperament with Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory adopted by Hornowska and employee health status was screened with Goldberg's General Health Questionnaire- 28 (GHQ-28) adopted by Makowska and Merecz...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512360/bullying-behavior-and-mental-health-in-healthcare-and-educational-sectors-in-kaunas-lithuania
#20
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene, Palmira Leisyte
BACKGROUND: Investigations on workplace bullying in the countries of Eastern Europe are yet not too extensive. The aim of the study has been to identify the most frequent bullying behavior and to explore the associations with psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms in 3 female-dominated occupations in Kaunas, Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This crosssectional study employed 517 teachers (response rate (RR) = 71.3%), 174 family physicians (RR = 65...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
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