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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168948/development-and-evaluation-of-an-educational-training-package-to-promote-health-and-wellbeing
#1
Emily Gartshore, Lydia Briggs, Holly Blake
BACKGROUND: supporting the health and wellbeing of healthcare employees is a national priority in the UK. AIMS: to design, deliver and evaluate an educational package to promote health and wellbeing for nurses and midwives. METHODS: an online training package was developed and administered in two ways: online (HAWN-online) or in a face-to-face workshop (HAWN-contact). A mixed methods evaluation was used to assess usability and acceptability of HAWN training...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168777/association-of-emotional-labor-and-occupational-stressors-with-depressive-symptoms-among-women-sales-workers-at-a-clothing-shopping-mall-in-the-republic-of-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Yuh-Jin Chung, Woo-Chul Jung, Hyunjoo Kim, Seong-Sik Cho
In the distribution service industry, sales people often experience multiple occupational stressors such as excessive emotional labor, workplace mistreatment, and job insecurity. The present study aimed to explore the associations of these stressors with depressive symptoms among women sales workers at a clothing shopping mall in Korea. A cross sectional study was conducted on 583 women who consist of clothing sales workers and manual workers using a structured questionnaire to assess demographic factors, occupational stressors, and depressive symptoms...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168437/high-ace-low-wage-workers-occupational-health-nursing-research-and-praxis-through-a-trauma-informed-lens
#3
Marie-Anne Rosemberg, Laura Gultekin, Michelle Pardee
Individuals with a history of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) disproportionately have poor mental and physical health outcomes. These experiences affect individuals across the life span extending beyond health with deleterious impact on work-related outcomes. Low-wage workers are particularly at risk. Social service and health organizations are becoming aware of the extent to which the populations they serve have been affected by these experiences. Employment support programs may serve high-ACE individuals but likely are unaware of their histories and the developmental or health deficits that result and can impinge on successful employment...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167091/the-effect-of-aging-on-physical-performance-among-elderly-manual-workers-protocol-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Kristoffer Larsen Norheim, Jakob Hjort Bønløkke, Afshin Samani, Øyvind Omland, Pascal Madeleine
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Danish Parliament decided to increase retirement age. Unfortunately, elderly people working in a physically demanding environment may be rendered unable to retain the ability to adequately perform the physical requirements of their jobs, due to age-related decreases in physical performance. Therefore, increasing the retirement age may not necessarily lead to the goal of keeping everybody in the labor market for a longer time. To date, our knowledge about the variations in physical performance of the elderly workforce is limited...
November 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166390/criticism-by-community-people-and-poor-workplace-communication-as-risk-factors-for-the-mental-health-of-local-welfare-workers-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ikki Ueda, Atsushi Sakuma, Yoko Takahashi, Wataru Shoji, Ayami Nagao, Mikika Abe, Yuriko Suzuki, Hiroo Matsuoka, Kazunori Matsumoto
After a large-scale natural disaster, demand for social welfare services increases, and the mental health of local social welfare workers becomes a matter of great concern because of their dual role as support providers and disaster survivors. We examined whether work-related social stressors, including criticism by community people and poor workplace communication, were associated with increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, or psychological distress 20-22 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE; March 11, 2011) in local social welfare workers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166319/cardiometabolic-impact-of-changing-sitting-standing-and-stepping-in-the-workplace
#6
Elisabeth Ah Winkler, Sebastien Chastin, Elizabeth G Eakin, Neville Owen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Marj Moodie, Paddy C Dempsey, Bronwyn A Kingwell, David W Dunstan, Genevieve N Healy
BACKGROUND: According to cross-sectional and acute experimental evidence, reducing sitting time should improve cardio-metabolic health risk biomarkers. Furthermore, the improvements obtained may depend on whether sitting is replaced with standing or ambulatory activities. Based on data from the Stand Up Victoria multi-component workplace intervention, we examined this issue using compositional data analysis - a method that can examine and compare all activity changes simultaneously. METHODS: Participants receiving the intervention (n=136 ≥0...
November 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165392/the-tale-of-asbestos-in-sweden-1972-1986-the-pathway-to-a-near-total-ban
#7
Peter Westerholm, Bertil Remaéus, Magnus Svartengren
This paper provides a narrative of the national intervention strategy in Sweden aimed to restrict the industrial use of asbestos. For many years, asbestos was imported for widespread industrial use, resulting in large amounts throughout Swedish society. In 1972, the whistle was blown in a Communist Party parliamentary motion describing asbestos as a health hazard and requesting action to prohibit its use. Although the motion was rejected, it initiated the extensive charting of asbestos sources on a tripartite basis, involving government agencies, and employer and trade-union organizations...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164728/management-capacity-to-promote-nurse-workplace-health-and-safety
#8
Yaxuan Fang, Tracey McDonald
PURPOSE: To investigate regarding workplace health and safety factors, and to identify strategies to preserve and promote a healthy nursing workplace. METHODS: Data collected using the Delphi technique with input from 41 key informants across four participant categories drawn from a Chinese university and four hospitals were thematically analysed. RESULTS: Most respondents agreed on the importance of nurses' health and safety, and that nurse managers should act to protect nurses, but not enough on workplace safety...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164543/-exploration-of-recent-mobile-technologies-applied-in-nursing-education
#9
Ting-Ting Wu, Yi-Chen Lu, Lei Chang
The development of science and technology has fundamentally changed people's lives and the way that medical systems function. Increasingly, mobile technologies are being introduced and integrated into classroom teaching and clinical applications, resulting in healthcare providers introducing innovative applications into health education. These applications enhance the clinical, education, and research expertise of medical staffs and nurses, while improving quality of care and providing new experiences for patients...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163297/customer-orientation-and-leadership-in-the-health-service-sector-the-role-of-workplace-social-support
#10
Andreina Bruno, Giuseppina Dell'Aversana, Anna Zunino
Health care is a critical context due to unpredictable situations, demanding clients, workload, and intrinsic organizational complexity. One key to improve the quality of health services is connected to the shift in organization perspective of viewing patients as active consumers rather than passive users. Therefore, higher levels of customer orientation (CO) are expected to improve organizational service effectiveness. According to a cultural perspective to CO, the aim of the study was to explore how different leaders' behaviors (task-oriented and relationship-oriented) interact with CO of health organizations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162997/association-between-employer-s-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-smoking-cessation-and-voluntary-promotion-in-workplace-a-survey-study
#11
Man Ping Wang, William Ho Cheung Li, Yi Nam Suen, Ka Ching Cheung, Oi Sze Lau, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
Background: Workplace smoking cessation (SC) intervention is effective in increasing quit rate but little was known about the factors associated with voluntary SC promotion. Comprehensive smoke-free legislation, including banning smoking in all indoor area of workplaces, has been enforced in Hong Kong. This survey investigated the prevalence of company's compliance with smoke-free legislation and examined the relation between voluntary SC promotion in workplace and employer's knowledge of and attitude towards smoking and SC...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162085/association-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-oab-severity-with-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-in-china-taiwan-and-south-korea-results-from-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#12
Kyu-Sung Lee, Tag Keun Yoo, Limin Liao, Jianye Wang, Yao-Chi Chuang, Shih-Ping Liu, Romeo Chu, Budiwan Sumarsono
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms have a substantial effect on quality of life (QoL). We report QoL and mental health results from a LUTS prevalence study in three Asian countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-representative, internet-based study among individuals aged ≥40 years in China, Taiwan and South Korea. Instruments included: Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS); International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS); other International Continence Society (ICS) symptom questions; health-related QoL 12-item short-form (HRQoL-SF12v2); Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ); Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161386/to-err-is-human-use-of-simulation-to-enhance-training-and-patient-safety-in-anaesthesia
#13
H Higham, B Baxendale
Human beings who work in complex, dynamic, and stressful situations make mistakes. This is as true for anaesthetists as for any other health-care professional, but we face unique challenges in the many roles and responsibilities we have in diverse clinical contexts. As a profession, we are well versed in the development and utilization of improvement techniques and technologies that prioritize high-quality, safe care for patients. This article focuses on one particular domain of patient safety in which anaesthetists have been pre-eminent, the use of simulation in training to improve both professional capabilities and patient safety in anaesthetic practice...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157239/does-faculty-development-influence-the-quality-of-in-training-evaluation-reports-in-pharmacy
#14
Kerry Wilbur
BACKGROUND: In-training evaluation reports (ITERs) of student workplace-based learning are completed by clinical supervisors across various health disciplines. However, outside of medicine, the quality of submitted workplace-based assessments is largely uninvestigated. This study assessed the quality of ITERs in pharmacy and whether clinical supervisors could be trained to complete higher quality reports. METHODS: A random sample of ITERs submitted in a pharmacy program during 2013-2014 was evaluated...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157155/work-environment-and-occupational-risk-assessment-for-small-animal-portuguese-veterinary-activities
#15
Angela C Macedo, Vânia T Mota, João M Tavares, Osvaldo L Machado, Francisco X Malcata, Marinela P Cristo, Olga N Mayan
The professional work of small animal veterinary staff encompasses a wide diversity of demanding tasks. This has prompted a number of studies covering physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic or psychological hazards, as well as their health effects upon veterinary workers. However, such results were obtained from self-reported surveys (via paper or online). This study reports the identification of potential hazards and provides a risk assessment of 15 veterinary clinics based on data from walk-through surveys, interviews with workers, and quantification of indoor air quality parameters including concentration of volatile organic compounds (total, isoflurane and glutaraldehyde)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155225/a-systematic-review-of-the-long-term-effectiveness-of-work-based-lifestyle-interventions-to-tackle-overweight-and-obesity
#16
REVIEW
Greta Tam, May P S Yeung
Obesity is one of the five leading global risks for mortality, accounting for 5% of deaths worldwide. Workplace health promotion programs have the potential to deliver population-level interventions combining physical activity and exercise. However, there is no recent critical review of trials on long-term effectiveness of multicomponent lifestyle interventions in the workplace targeting obesity. Good quality evidence is needed to develop optimal strategies to tackle adult obesity. 1035 studies were retrieved by literature search in MEDLINE, Embase, PSYCH INFO and Cochrane library from 2005 to September 2016...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152784/workplace-violence-injury-in-106-us-hospitals-participating-in-the-occupational-health-safety-network-ohsn-2012-2015
#17
Matthew R Groenewold, Raymond F R Sarmiento, Kelly Vanoli, William Raudabaugh, Susan Nowlin, Ahmed Gomaa
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a substantial occupational hazard for healthcare workers in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed workplace violence injury surveillance data submitted by hospitals participating in the Occupational Health Safety Network (OHSN) from 2012 to 2015. RESULTS: Data were frequently missing for several important variables. Nursing assistants (14.89, 95%CI 10.12-21.91) and nurses (8.05, 95%CI 6.14-10.55) had the highest crude workplace violence injury rates per 1000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149116/solving-the-problem-of-smoking-in-the-polish-enterprises-during-2003-2015
#18
Elżbieta Korzeniowska, Krzysztof Puchalski
OBJECTIVES: Tobacco smoking is a major organizational, economical, and public relations-related (PR-related) problem for the company. Moreover, it is an important health determinant of the working population. The paper reports the results of the research which analyzed the current state and the tobacco control activities' transformations undertaken by Polish employers between 2003 and 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data comes from the research performed in 2006, 2010 and 2015, involving random- selected representative samples of Polish enterprises, employing no fewer than 50 employees...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145883/self-reported-actual-and-desired-proportion-of-sitting-standing-walking-and-physically-demanding-tasks-of-office-employees-in-the-workplace-setting-do-they-fit-together
#20
Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Josephine Y Chau, Ingo Froboese
OBJECTIVE: Occupational sitting time in white-collar workers represents a prominent contributor to overall daily sitting time, which is associated with various health risks. Workplace interventions intending to reduce sitting time during work typically focus on replacing sitting with standing. The aim was to investigate and compare actual and desired proportions of time spent sitting, standing, walking, and doing physically demanding tasks at work reported by desk-based workers. Cross-sectional data were collected from German desk-based workers (n = 614; 53...
November 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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