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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108676/can-work-make-you-mentally-ill-a-systematic-meta-review-of-work-related-risk-factors-for-common-mental-health-problems
#1
REVIEW
Samuel B Harvey, Matthew Modini, Sadhbh Joyce, Josie S Milligan-Saville, Leona Tan, Arnstein Mykletun, Richard A Bryant, Helen Christensen, Philip B Mitchell
It has been suggested that certain types of work may increase the risk of common mental disorders, but the exact nature of the relationship has been contentious. The aim of this paper is to conduct the first comprehensive systematic meta-review of the evidence linking work to the development of common mental health problems, specifically depression, anxiety and/or work-related stress and to consider how the risk factors identified may relate to each other. MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Embase, the Cochrane Collaboration and grey literature databases were systematically searched for review articles that examined work-based risk factors for common mental health problems...
January 20, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106851/workplace-violence-against-health-care-workers-in-north-chinese-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Peihang Sun, Xue Zhang, Yihua Sun, Hongkun Ma, Mingli Jiao, Kai Xing, Zheng Kang, Ning Ning, Yapeng Fu, Qunhong Wu, Mei Yin
This research aimed to determine the prevalence of workplace violence (WPV) against healthcare workers, explore the frequency distribution of violence in different occupational groups, and determine which healthcare occupation suffers from WPV most frequently. Furthermore, the current study aimed to compare risk factors affecting different types of WPV in Chinese hospitals. A cross-sectional design was utilized. A total of 1899 healthcare workers from Heilongjiang, a province in Northeastern China, completed the questionnaire...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#3
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105463/age-differences-in-workplace-intervention-effects-on-employees-nighttime-and-daytime-sleep
#4
Soomi Lee, David M Almeida, Lisa Berkman, Ryan Olson, Phyllis Moen, Orfeu M Buxton
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a workplace flexibility/support intervention on employees' sleep quantity and quality during nights and days and whether the effects differ by employee age. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Information technology industry workplaces. PARTICIPANTS: US employees (Mage = 46.9 years) at an information technology firm who provided actigraphy at baseline and a 12-month follow-up (N = 396; n = 195 intervention, n = 201 control)...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103925/protocol-for-a-realist-review-of-workplace-learning-in-postgraduate-medical-education-and-training
#5
Anel Wiese, Caroline Kilty, Colm Bergin, Patrick Flood, Na Fu, Mary Horgan, Agnes Higgins, Bridget Maher, Grainne O'Kane, Lucia Prihodova, Dubhfeasa Slattery, Deirdre Bennett
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate medical education and training (PGMET) is a complex social process which happens predominantly during the delivery of patient care. The clinical learning environment (CLE), the context for PGMET, shapes the development of the doctors who learn and work within it, ultimately impacting the quality and safety of patient care. Clinical workplaces are complex, dynamic systems in which learning emerges from non-linear interactions within a network of related factors and activities...
January 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103858/the-personal-and-workplace-characteristics-of-uninsured-expatriate-males-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Abdulwahab Alkhamis, Peter Cosgrove, Gamal Mohamed, Amir Hassan
BACKGROUND: A major concern by the health decision makers in Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC) countries is the burden of financing healthcare. While other GCC countries have been examining different options, Saudi Arabia has endeavoured to reform its private healthcare system and control expatriate access to government resources through the provision of Compulsory Employment-Based Health Insurance (CEBHI). The objective of this research was to investigate, in a natural setting, the characteristics of uninsured expatriates based on their personal and workplace characteristics...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103729/strategies-to-promote-resilience-empathy-and-well-being-in-the-health-professions-insights-from-the-2015-centile-conference
#7
Aviad Haramati, Sian Cotton, Jamie S Padmore, Hedy S Wald, Peggy A Weissinger
The high prevalence of physician burnout is of great concern and may begin with observed declines in empathy and increases in stress and burnout in medical and health professions students. While underlying causes have been described, there is less certainty on how to create effective interventions in curricula and workplace. In October 2015, The Center for Innovation and Leadership in Education (CENTILE) at Georgetown University, together with MedStar Health, Georgetown's clinical partner, and six academic institutions sponsored a conference in Washington, DC...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101366/weighting-criteria-and-prioritizing-of-heat-stress-indices-in-surface-mining-using-a-delphi-technique-and-fuzzy-ahp-topsis-method
#8
Mehdi Asghari, Parvin Nassiri, Mohammad Reza Monazzam, Farideh Golbabaei, Hossein Arabalibeik, Aliakbar Shamsipour, Armin Allahverdy
BACKGROUND: Heat stress as a physical harmful agent can increase the risk of health and safety problems in different workplaces such as mining. Although there are different indices to assess the heat stress imposed on workers, choosing the best index for a specific workplace is so important. Since various criteria affect an index applicability, extracting the most effective ones and determining their weights help to prioritize the existing indices and select the optimal index. METHODS: In order to achieve this aim, present study compared some heat stress indices using effective methods...
2017: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100201/developing-a-practice-guideline-for-the-occupational-health-services-by-using-a-community-of-practice-approach-a-process-evaluation-of-the-development-process
#9
Lydia Kwak, Charlotte Wåhlin, Kjerstin Stigmar, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: One way to facilitate the translation of research into the occupational health service practice is through clinical practice guidelines. To increase the implementability of guidelines it is important to include the end-users in the development, for example by a community of practice approach. This paper describes the development of an occupational health practice guideline aimed at the management of non-specific low back pain (LBP) by using a community of practice approach...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098161/modelling-of-occupational-exposure-to-inhalable-nickel-compounds
#10
Benjamin Kendzia, Beate Pesch, Dorothea Koppisch, Rainer Van Gelder, Katrin Pitzke, Wolfgang Zschiesche, Thomas Behrens, Tobias Weiss, Jack Siemiatycki, Jerome Lavoué, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Roger Stamm, Thomas Brüning
The aim of this study was to estimate average occupational exposure to inhalable nickel (Ni) using the German exposure database MEGA. This database contains 8052 personal measurements of Ni collected between 1990 and 2009 in adjunct with information on the measurement and workplace conditions. The median of all Ni concentrations was 9 μg/m(3) and the 95th percentile was 460 μg/m(3). We predicted geometric means (GMs) for welders and other occupations centered to 1999. Exposure to Ni in welders is strongly influenced by the welding process applied and the Ni content of the used welding materials...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097760/benefits-of-quitting-smoking-on-work-productivity-and-activity-impairment-in-the-united-states-the-european-union-and-china
#11
Christine L Baker, Natalia M Flores, Kelly H Zou, Marianna Bruno, Vannessa J Harrison
BACKGROUND: Smoking has important health and economic consequences for individuals and society. This study expands the understanding of work-related burden associated with smoking and benefit of smoking cessation across the US, European Union (EU) and China using large-scale, representative survey methodology. METHODS: Data utilised the 2013 National Health and Wellness Survey in United States (US), EU5 (UK, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain) and China. Working-aged respondents 18-64 were used in the analyses (US N=58 500; EU5 N=50 417; China N=17 987) and were categorised into: current smokers, trying to quit, former smokers and never smokers...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096901/exploring-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-podiatry-profession-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#12
Cylie M Williams, Stefania Penkala, Peter Smith, Terry Haines, Kelly-Ann Bowles
BACKGROUND: Workplace injury is an international costly burden. Health care workers are an essential component to managing musculoskeletal disorders, however in doing this, they may increase their own susceptibility. While there is substantial evidence about work-related musculoskeletal disorders across the health workforce, understanding risk factors in specific occupational groups, such as podiatry, is limited. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of work related low back pain in podiatrists...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095813/vocational-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-psychotic-disorders-in-a-scandinavian-welfare-society
#13
Erik Falkum, Ole Klungsøyr, June Ullevoldsæter Lystad, Helen Christine Bull, Stig Evensen, Egil W Martinsen, Svein Friis, Torill Ueland
BACKGROUND: This study examined the outcomes of a vocational rehabilitation program (The Job Management Program, JUMP) for persons with psychotic disorders based on close collaboration between health and welfare services. METHODS: Participants (N = 148) with broad schizophrenia spectrum disorders (age 18-65) were recruited from six counties in Norway. Three counties were randomized to vocational rehabilitation augmented with cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), while the remaining three counties were randomized to vocational rehabilitation augmented with cognitive remediation (CR)...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095115/working-conditions-and-workplace-health-and-safety-promotion-in-home-care-a-mixed-method-study-from-swedish-managers%C3%A2-perspectives
#14
Gunvor Gard, Agneta Larsson
Today, we can see a trend towards increased psychosocial strain at work among home care managers and staff. The aim of this study is to describe home care managers' views on their own psychosocial working conditions and on how to promote workplace health and safety in a municipality in northern Sweden. A mixed methods design was used, including questionnaire and qualitative focus group data. The qualitative data were analysed by manifest content analysis. The results indicate that most managers perceived increased variety in work and opportunities for development at work, but at the same time increased demands...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094226/relationship-between-age-and-cardiometabolic-index-in-japanese-men-and-women
#15
Ichiro Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic index (CMI) is a new discriminator of the risk of diabetes and has been reported to be associated with the degree of atherosclerosis. However, it is unknown whether and how age influences CMI. METHODS: The subjects were Japanese men (n=35684) and women (n=18793) aged ≥35 and ≤70 years who had received periodic health examinations at workplaces. CMI and its association with diabetes were compared among different age groups in men and women...
January 13, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092230/octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane-d4
#16
(no author information available yet)
Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4; CAS No. 556-67-2) is used as a monomer in the manufacture of polymeric materials, which are widely used in various industrial and/or medical applications, such as breast implants. D4 has a relatively low order of toxicity following acute administration via the oral, dermal, and inhalation routes of exposure and is not considered to be a dermal or eye irritant or to be a dermal sensitizer. There is no appreciable dermal absorption of D4 based on results from in vivo and in vitro studies...
January 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092229/decamethylcyclopentasiloxane-d5
#17
(no author information available yet)
Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5; CAS No. 541-02-6) is a precursor in the production of siloxane polymers for industry and medicine and is a carrier ingredient in many toiletries and cosmetics. D5 has a relatively low order of toxicity following acute administration via the oral, dermal, and inhalation routes of exposure. It is not considered to be a dermal or eye irritant or a dermal sensitizer. There is no appreciable dermal absorption of D5 based on results from in vivo and in vitro studies. It has not been shown to be genotoxic/mutagenic when tested in a number of short-term in vitro and in vivo assays and did not cause reproductive or developmental toxicity in rats...
January 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090154/unresolved-disrespectful-behavior-in-health-care-practitioners-speak-up-again-part-1
#18
Matthew Grissinger
Survey reveals widespread health workplace intimidation.
January 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087554/how-prepared-are-uk-medical-graduates-for-practice-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature-2009-2014
#19
Lynn V Monrouxe, Lisa Grundy, Mala Mann, Zoe John, Eleni Panagoulas, Alison Bullock, Karen Mattick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions. DESIGN: A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305). DATA SOURCES: Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087546/association-between-insomnia-symptoms-job-strain-and-burnout-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-1300-financial-workers
#20
Arnaud Metlaine, Fabien Sauvet, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Maxime Elbaz, Jean Yves Delafosse, Damien Leger, Mounir Chennaoui
OBJECTIVES: Professional burnout is closely related to work stress but less frequently associated with disturbed sleep. This study determines whether job strain and sleep disturbances are associated risk factors of burnout among financial workers. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: 1300 employees (725 female) of a financial company. PRIMARY MEASURES: Self-reported questionnaires (Maslach Burnout Inventory, Job Content Questionnaire, Sleep questionnaire based on ICSD-3 classification), the Epworth sleepiness scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
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