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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724026/-level-of-implementation-of-the-program-for-safety-and-health-at-work-in-antioquia-colombia
#1
Ninfa Del Carmen Vega-Monsalve
This study describes the level of implementation of the Program for Safety and Health at Work in companies located in the Department of Antioquia, Colombia, and associated factors. A cross-sectional survey included 73 companies with more than 50 workers each and implementation of the program. A total of 65 interviews were held, in addition to 73 checklists and process reviews. The companies showed suboptimal compliance with the management model for workplace safety and health proposed by the International Labor Organization (ILO)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721393/making-workplaces-safer-the-influence-of-organisational-climate-and-individual-differences-on-safety-behaviour
#2
Michelle Ann Toppazzini, Karl Kilian Konrad Wiener
Current work health and safety practices focus predominately on fostering a safety climate to promote safety behaviours and reduce workplace accidents. Despite the importance of safety climates in accident prevention, recent research has demonstrated that individual factors can also predict work safety behaviour. This study considered the importance of organisational climate together with individual characteristics including differences in personality, impulsiveness, and perceptions of safety within the workplace on safety behaviour...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720614/effect-of-occupational-safety-and-health-education-received-during-schooling-on-the-incidence-of-workplace-injuries-in-the-first-2-years-of-occupational-life-a-prospective-study
#3
Stephanie Boini, Regis Colin, Michel Grzebyk
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of occupational safety and health (OSH) education during formal schooling on the incidence of workplace injuries (WIs) in young people starting their careers. We hypothesised that young people who had received OSH education during their schooling would have fewer WIs than those who received no OSH education. Secondary objectives focused on the effect of 'first aid at work' training during schooling and the conditions encountered on arrival in the company (occupational hazard information, safety training and job task training) on WI occurrence...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719766/energy-expenditure-of-standing-compared-to-sitting-while-conducting-office-tasks
#4
Jill Burns, Cuisle Forde, Sara Dockrell
Objectives This study aimed to investigate the energy expenditure of common office-based tasks. The objectives were to: (a) test the classification of tasks as sedentary or light-intensity physical activity and (b) compare the energy expenditure of tasks under two postural conditions (sitting and standing). Background The sedentary nature of office work has been highlighted as a health risk, and strategies to reduce sedentary behavior at work have been developed. However, there is limited evidence to guide the utilization of sit-stand workstations in the workplace for metabolic health benefits...
July 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719762/a-million-steps-developing-a-health-promotion-program-at-the-workplace-to-enhance-physical-activity
#5
María Eugenia González-Dominguez, José Manuel Romero-Sánchez, Antonio Ares-Camerino, Jose Carlos Marchena-Aparicio, Manuel Flores-Muñoz, Inés Infantes-Guzmán, José Manuel León-Asuero, Fernando Casals-Martín
The workplace is a key setting for the prevention of occupational risks and for promoting healthy activities such as physical activity. Developing a physically active lifestyle results in many health benefits, improving both well-being and quality of life. This article details the experience of two Spanish companies that implemented a program to promote physical exercise in the workplace, called "A Million Steps." This program aimed to increase the physical activity of participants, challenging them to reach at least a million steps in a month through group walks...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716785/imbuing-medical-professionalism-in-relation-to-safety-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-intervention-focused-on-trialling-an-embedded-learning-approach-that-centres-on-the-use-of-a-custom-designed-board-game
#6
Marie Ward, Eilish McAuliffe, Éidín Ní Shé, Ann Duffy, Una Geary, Una Cunningham, Catherine Holland, Nick McDonald, Karen Egan, Christian Korpos
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare organisations have a responsibility for ensuring that the governance of workplace settings creates a culture that supports good professional practice. Encouraging such a culture needs to start from an understanding of the factors that make it difficult for health professionals to raise issues of concern in relation to patient safety. The focus of this study is to determine whether a customised education intervention, developed as part of the study, with interns and senior house officers (SHOs) can imbue a culture of medical professionalism in relation to patient safety and support junior doctors to raise issues of concern, while shaping a culture of responsiveness and learning...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716774/social-considerations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-southern-israel
#7
Jonathan Taylor, Chase Neff
Chronic diseases pose unique social challenges beyond traditional health considerations that require specific attention. In this report, we examine the case of a middle-aged woman with ulcerative colitis, living in Southern Israel. Trust between the patient and physician is shown to positively influence a variety of therapeutic outcomes and should be considered a fundamental component of successful care. In context of the military conflict between Israel and Gaza, the needs of patients with chronic diseases cannot be forgotten...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716549/emotional-labour-and-aboriginal-maternal-infant-care-workers-the-invisible-load
#8
R Kirkham, A Rumbold, E Hoon, D Stuart-Butler, V Moore
BACKGROUND: The term 'emotional labour' has been used to describe the competing demands on midwives to empathize with clients whilst maintaining a level of professional detachment. Previous research indicates that when individuals experience difficulty managing these emotions, burnout may result. Aboriginal health care workers often have roles with large emotional demands, as they are relied upon heavily to engage clients in care. However, the concept of emotional labour has received little attention in relation to this group...
July 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716143/the-factors-affecting-the-institutionalisation-of-two-policy-units-in-burkina-faso-s-health-system-a-case-study
#9
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat
BACKGROUND: This paper is one of three linked studies that attempts to understand the process of institutionalisation of policy units within Burkina Faso's health system. It examines the relationships between the existence of an institutional framework, data production capacity and other resource availability in the institutionalisation of policy units in health systems. It therefore contributes to our understanding of the dynamics linking the key drivers and indicators of institutionalisation...
July 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715759/do-pcdd-pcdf-standard-solutions-used-in-dioxin-analysis-pose-a-risk-as-potentially-acutely-toxic-to-lab-personnel
#10
REVIEW
Rainer Malisch, Michael S Denison, Heidelore Fiedler, Peter Fürst, Ron L A P Hoogenboom, Alexander Schaechtele, Dieter Schrenk, Martin van den Berg
Laboratory safety requires protecting personnel from chemical exposures. Working with stock solutions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDFs) in routine analysis of feed and food with bioanalytical or physicochemical methods raises some concerns. Since PCDD/PCDFs are considered as possibly acutely toxic, the potential risks were evaluated to determine whether supervision of their use is necessary. Based on LD50-data for oral or dermal intake, hazard classification of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) as a substance (category 1) and in commercially available TCDD standard solutions (category 4) is different...
July 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715467/dealing-with-foreign-cultural-paradigms-a-systematic-review-on-intercultural-challenges-of-international-medical-graduates
#11
Kerstin Michalski, Nabeel Farhan, Edith Motschall, Werner Vach, Martin Boeker
OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of International Medical Graduates (IMG), who are defined to be physicians working in a country other than their country of origin and training, immigrate to Western countries. In order to ensure safe and high-quality patient care, they have to take medical and language tests. This systematic review aims to (1) collect all empiric research on intercultural communication of IMGs in medical settings, (2) identify and categorize all text passages mentioning intercultural issues in the included studies, and (3) describe the most commonly reported intercultural areas of communication of IMGs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715054/sustainability-of-prevention-practices-at-the-workplace-safety-simplification-productivity-and-effectiveness
#12
A Messineo, M S Cattaruzza, C Prestigiacomo, F Giordano, L T Marsella
Traditional full-time employment has evolved into various types of occupational situations, and, nowadays, new work organization strategies have been developed. Previously overlooked risk factors have emerged, such as traffic accidents while commuting or during work hours, poor work organization, and detrimental lifestyles (like alcohol and substance abuse, although recent statistics seem to show a declining trend for the latter). The global scenario shows greater attention to occupational risks, but also, to the reduced degree of protection...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711643/contraceptive-use-and-unplanned-pregnancy-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia
#13
Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E Oldenburg
OBJECTIVES: Access to reproductive healthcare, including contraceptive services, is an essential component of comprehensive healthcare for female sex workers (FSW). Here, we evaluated the prevalence of and factors associated with contraceptive use, unplanned pregnancy, and pregnancy termination among FSW in three transit towns in Zambia. STUDY DESIGN: Data arose from the baseline quantitative survey from a randomized controlled trial of HIV self-testing among FSW...
July 12, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711303/measurement-techniques-of-exposure-to-nanomaterials-in-the-workplace-for-low-and-medium-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Fabio Boccuni, Diana Gagliardi, Riccardo Ferrante, Bruna Maria Rondinone, Sergio Iavicoli
Nanotechnology offers many opportunities but there is still considerable uncertainty about the health risks and how to assess these.In the field of risk analysis for workers potentially exposed to nano-objects and their agglomerates and aggregates (NOAA) different methodological approaches to measure airborne NOAA have been proposed.This study proposes a systematic review of scientific literature on occupational exposure to NOAA in the workplace with the aim to identify techniques of exposure measurement to be recommended in low- and medium-income countries...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707310/sleep-deprivation-in-interventional-cardiology-implications-for-patient-care-and-physician-health
#15
Yader Sandoval, Angie S Lobo, Virend K Somers, Kenneth Rosenfield, Steven M Bradley, Paul Sorajja, Peter Tajti, Emmanouil S Brilakis
The burden and impact of sleep deprivation on both patient care and on the health of interventional cardiologists is not well understood. Due to the nature of emergent procedures occurring in the cardiac catheterization laboratory, interventionalists are prone to suffer from acute and/or chronic sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation has been associated with numerous adverse effects, such as impaired performance, cognitive deficits, reduced psychomotor vigilance, and workplace errors and injuries, among many others...
July 14, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705687/antecedents-and-precipitants-of-patient-related-violence-in-the-emergency-department-results-from-the-australian-vent-study-violence-in-emergency-nursing-and-triage
#16
Jacqueline V Pich, Ashley Kable, Mike Hazelton
INTRODUCTION: Workplace violence is one of the most significant and hazardous issues faced by nurses globally. It is a potentially life-threatening and life-affecting workplace hazard often downplayed as just "part of the job" for nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used and data were collected using a purpose developed survey tool. Surveys were distributed to all members of the College of Emergency Nurses' Australasia (CENA) in 2010 and 537 eligible responses were received (RR=51%)...
July 10, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705295/strength-training-for-women-as-a-vehicle-for-health-promotion-at-work
#17
Kai Nestler, Alexander Witzki, Ulrich Rohde, Thomas Rüther, Kim Alexander Tofaute, Dieter Leyk
BACKGROUND: Women, on average, have less muscle strength than men. This anthropometric-physiological trait may make them more vulnerable to ex - cessive physical strain, injury, and inability to work. Strength training is used for preventive health maintenance and to lessen musculoskeletal symptoms. In this context, we studied whether the degree of muscle strength has any effect on women's health in everyday working life, and also the effects of strength training for women on their health in the workplace...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704139/influencing-safety-in-australian-agriculture-and-fisheries
#18
Kristin E McBain-Rigg, Richard C Franklin, Jemma C King, Tony Lower
BACKGROUND: Improving the health and safety of those working in Australian agriculture and fishery industries is a recognized priority area for preventative activities. With Australian agricultural industries being among the nation's most dangerous workplaces, there is a need for action. While there are currently known solutions, their implementation is limited. Influential agents, that is, people who can influence others, are important for helping to engender action to enact solutions into practice...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703867/diabetes-and-risk-of-occupational-injury-a-cohort-study
#19
A Kouvonen, M Kivimäki, J Pentti, V Aalto, T Oksanen, M Virtanen, J Vahtera
AIMS: To investigate if diabetes is associated with a higher risk of occupational (workplace or commuting) injury. METHODS: Medication data from the Finnish Prescription Register were used to identify diabetes cases in 2004 in a large employee cohort (the Finnish Public Sector study). These data were linked to injury records obtained from the Federation of Accident Insurance Institutions. A total of 1020 diabetes cases (median age 52 years, range 20 to 65 years; 66% women) and their 5234 age- and sex-matched controls were followed up until 2011...
July 13, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703039/growing-concerns-with-workplace-incivility
#20
Natasha Renee Collins, Bonnie Rogers
Workplace incivility (WPI) is a growing issue across all public and private sectors. Occupational and environmental health nurses can educate employees and management about WPI, its risk factors and characteristics, and ways to reduce incidents of WPI.
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
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