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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#1
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816905/workplace-violence-and-active-shooter-considerations-for-health-care-workers-aoa-critical-issues
#2
Bryan Warren, Michael Bosse, Paul Tornetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816808/influences-on-infant-feeding-perceptions-of-mother-father-parent-dyads
#3
Wilson Majee, Matthew J Thullen, Alexandra N Davis, Tarunjot K Sethi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine interrelational-, organizational-, and community-level influences on how coparents collaborate about infant and toddler feeding. STUDY DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Using qualitative methods, we interviewed mother-father parent dyads to explore the potential influences on infant and toddler feeding. Participants were purposively recruited from two Midwest, rural, university-system pediatric clinics. Thematic analysis was used to code the data...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816612/protecting-pregnant-workers-while-fighting-sexism-work-pregnancy-balance-and-pregnant-nurses-resistance-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-hospitalsprot%C3%A3-ger-les-travailleuses-enceintes-en-luttant-contre-le-sexisme-%C3%A3-quilibre-travail-grossesse-et-r%C3%A3-sistance-d-infirmi%C3%A3-res-enceintes
#4
Anne Renée Gravel, Jessica Riel, Karen Messing
Women's workplaces should guarantee healthy pregnancies while supporting pregnant women as workers. In Québec (Canada), a pregnant worker exposed to a "danger" for herself or her fetus may ask her employer to be reassigned to other work appropriate to her skills. This approach differs from other regulatory contexts in North America in that protection of fetal and maternal health is embedded in the health and safety legislation. The advantage is that the pregnant worker is guaranteed access to her full salary, but some may question whether specific provisions for pregnant women single out such women and produce risks for their careers or, conversely, pregnancy should receive even more special consideration...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#5
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815895/health-professional-students-rural-placement-satisfaction-and-rural-practice-intentions-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Tony Smith, Keith Sutton, Sabrina Pit, Kuda Muyambi, Daniel Terry, Annie Farthing, Claire Courtney, Merylin Cross
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to profile students undertaking placements at University Departments of Rural Health (UDRHs) and investigate factors affecting students' satisfaction and intention to enter rural practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey comprising 21 core questions used by all UDRHs. SETTING: Eleven UDRHs across Australia that support students' placements in regional, rural and remote locations. PARTICIPANTS: Medical, nursing and allied health students who participated in UDRH placements between July 2014 and November 2015 and completed the questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815396/reconciling-spirituality-and-workplace-towards-a-balanced-proposal-for-occupational-health
#7
Miguel González-González
We examined the relationship between spirituality in the workplace and occupational health and explored the benefits for employees, employers and the organisation. Using a qualitative methodology, we focused on secular organisations in the service sector to analyse this question in the context of labour relations in Europe. Our results indicate that embracing spirituality in the workplace yields a number of benefits in addition to those of a health-related nature. Religious beliefs and practices can be accommodated in the workplace provided that a balance is maintained between the needs of employers and employees...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810686/sampling-efficiency-and-performance-of-selected-thoracic-aerosol-samplers
#8
Peter Görner, Xavier Simon, Alexis Boivin, Sébastien Bau
Measurement of worker exposure to a thoracic health-related aerosol fraction is necessary in a number of occupational situations. This is the case of workplaces with atmospheres polluted by fibrous particles, such as cotton dust or asbestos, and by particles inducing irritation or bronchoconstriction such as acid mists or flour dust. Three personal and two static thoracic aerosol samplers were tested under laboratory conditions. Sampling efficiency with respect to particle aerodynamic diameter was measured in a horizontal low wind tunnel and in a vertical calm air chamber...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809592/survey-process-quality-a-question-of-healthcare-manager-approach
#9
Petra Nilsson, Kerstin Blomqvist
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how healthcare first-line managers think about and act regarding workplace survey processes. Design/methodology/approach This interview study was performed at a hospital in south Sweden. First-line healthcare managers ( n=24) volunteered. The analysis was inspired by phenomenography, which aims to describe the ways in which different people experience a phenomenon. The phenomenon was a workplace health promotion (WHP) survey processes. Findings Four main WHP survey process approaches were identified among the managers: as a possibility, as a competition, as a work task among others and as an imposition...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809461/cancer-comorbidity-and-workplace-discrimination-the-us-experience
#10
Amanda K Gehrke, Michael Feuerstein
Cancer survivors with comorbidities have more work-related challenges than cancer survivors without these other health problems. This study evaluated how these cancer survivors with comorbidities are faring under a newly revised workplace discrimination policy, which better accounts for the episodic nature of chronic illnesses. The sample included 18-64 year olds with a history of cancer who filed allegations of workplace discrimination in 2009-2011 (N = 1.291) in the US. Multivariable logistic regressions were used...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809183/helping-hands-using-augmented-reality-to-provide-remote-guidance-to-health-professionals
#11
Carey Mather, Tony Barnett, Vlasti Broucek, Annette Saunders, Darren Grattidge, Weidong Huang
Access to expert practitioners or geographic distance can compound the capacity for appropriate supervision of health professionals in the workplace. Guidance and support of clinicians and students to undertake new or infrequent procedures can be resource intensive. The Helping Hands remote augmented reality system is an innovation to support the development of, and oversee the acquisition of procedural skills through remote learning and teaching supervision while in clinical practice. Helping Hands is a wearable, portable, hands-free, low cost system comprised of two networked laptops, a head-mounted display worn by the recipient and a display screen used remotely by the instructor...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808478/the-portuguese-long-version-of-the-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-ii-copsoq-ii-a-validation-study
#12
Susel Rosário, Luís F Azevedo, João A Fonseca, Albert Nienhaus, Matthias Nübling, José Torres da Costa
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risks are now widely recognised as one of the biggest challenges for occupational safety and health (OSH) and a major public health concern. The aim of this paper is to investigate the Portuguese long version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (COPSOQ II), in order to analyse the psychometric properties of the instrument and to validate it. METHODS: The Portuguese COPSOQ II was issued to a total of 745 Portuguese employees from both private and public organisations across several economic sectors at a baseline and then 2 weeks later...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806486/farmworker-vulnerability-to-heat-hazards-a-conceptual-framework
#13
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Linda A McCauley
PURPOSE: To review factors that impact the effect of hot environments on the human body in order to develop a conceptual model of human biological response. METHODS: The organizing concept for the model development was the multilevel integration of three major factors, exposure to heat, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, and the heat stress response. Exposure of a vulnerable occupational group was used to illustrate the components of the model. FINDINGS: Components of this framework include the hazard (environmental heat stress), vulnerability factors (workplace exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity), and the heat stress response...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805426/detecting-and-differentiating-the-direction-of-change-and-intervention-effects-in-randomized-trials
#14
Todd E Bodner, Paul D Bliese
Calls continue for randomized interventions in organizational settings. In many cases, however, practical constraints require researchers to use 2-wave randomized pretest-posttest control group designs. We discuss the importance of randomized trials for theory development with a focus on analytic options for 2-wave designs. Our discussion has implications for both designing studies and interpreting results. We review 23 published work and organizational health psychology intervention studies and find that a majority of studies featured a statistical model known to have low statistical power relative to other options...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803518/a-feminist-intervention-that-hurt-women-biological-differences-ergonomics-and-occupational-health-une-intervention-f%C3%A3-ministe-qui-a-nui-aux-femmes-diff%C3%A3-rences-biologiques-%C3%A3-galit%C3%A3-ergonomie-et-sant%C3%A3-au-travail
#15
Karen Messing
The University of Québec in Montréal has agreements with trade unions providing access to university resources. Researchers involved in this program worked in partnership with union women's and health and safety committees for more than twenty years. Not all studies succeeded in improving women's working conditions. One joint project involved observational studies of tasks done by health-care workers, complemented by interviews and questionnaires. We found that task assignments, movements, postures, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders varied by gender/sex and made recommendations for change...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801411/exploring-newly-qualified-doctors-workplace-stressors-an-interview-study-from-australia
#16
Victoria R Tallentire, Samantha E Smith, Adam D Facey, Laila Rotstein
PURPOSE: Postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) doctors suffer from high levels of psychological distress, yet the contributory factors are poorly understood. This study used an existing model of workplace stress to explore the elements most pertinent to PGY1 doctors. In turn, the data were used to amend and refine the conceptual model to better reflect the unique experiences of PGY1 doctors. METHOD: Focus groups were undertaken with PGY1 doctors working at four different health services in Victoria, Australia...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800348/disability-management-and-organizational-culture-in-australia-and-canada
#17
Nicholas Buys, Shannon Wagner, Christine Randall, Henry Harder, Thomas Geisen, Ignatius Yu, Benedikt Hassler, Caroline Howe, Alex Fraess-Phillips
BACKGROUND: Organizational culture has received increasing attention in terms of its influence on workplace health and productivity, yet there has been little research on its relationship with employer-based disability programs. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship between disability management and organizational culture in Australian and Canadian organizations. METHODS: Thematic analysis was conducted on data from semi-structured interviews with 16 employees, including injured workers, human resource managers and disability managers in two Australian and two Canadian large organizations...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799800/creation-of-university-wellness-program-healthy-eating-and-active-lifestyle-supports-a-knowledge-to-action-process
#18
Phillip Joy, Linda Mann, Karen Blotnicky
With the burdens that preventable health conditions place on individuals, workplaces, and society, workplace wellness programs (WWP) are critical to ensuring employees have access to health promotion supports tailored to their work environments. Such programs are best guided by a knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework; a theoretically grounded, systematic process that considers the ongoing exchange of knowledge with employees to engage them in health behaviour change and to garner employers' support for the interventions...
August 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796581/an-analysis-of-healthy-workplace-accreditation-and-health-promotion-efforts-based-on-employees-perspectives
#19
Chen-Yin Tung, Yun-Wen Yin, Yi-Ping Zhou, Chia-Chen Chang, Pei-Ying Lin, Chia-Yun Liu
This study was conducted to analyze the effects of health promotion efforts in relation to a workplace accreditation program and differing workplace sizes. The research population for the study consisted of 966 employees working at a total of 84 different worksites located in Taipei, Taiwan. The survey instructions used were developed by the European Network for Workplace Health Promotion (WHP). The results indicated that accredited workplaces have better WHP quality than non-accredited workplaces (p<.001) and commonly implement health promotion measures related to specific health issues...
August 10, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795430/occupational-contact-urticaria-and-protein-contact-dermatitis-causes-and-concomitant-airway-diseases
#20
Eva Helaskoski, Hille Suojalehto, Outi Kuuliala, Kristiina Aalto-Korte
BACKGROUND: Contact urticaria (CU) and protein contact dermatitis (PCD) are mainly induced by an immediate, IgE-mediated immunological mechanism. Immediate sensitization is also linked to asthma and/or allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVES: To report causes of work-induced CU and PCD, and to evaluate the occurrence of concomitant airway diseases. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the patient files of cases diagnosed with CU or PCD at the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health during 1995-2011...
August 10, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
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