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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742963/dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-results-from-cluster-analysis-and-market-basket-analysis
#1
Hui-Peng Liew
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity remains a major public health concern and there has been a significant increase in childhood obesity in the USA. AIM: This study seeks to uncover the major patterns of dietary habits in relation to physical activity, together with students' opinions about the quality of food in the school's cafeteria and vending machines. METHODS: The empirical work of this study is based on the 2011 Healthy School Program (HSP) Evaluation...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689174/the-comfortable-cafeteria-program-for-promoting-student-participation-and-enjoyment-an-outcome-study
#2
Susan Bazyk, Louise Demirjian, Frances Horvath, Lauri Doxsey
A mixed-methods design was used to explore the outcomes of a 6-wk, occupational therapist-led Comfortable Cafeteria program designed to build cafeteria supervisors' and students' capacity to create a positive mealtime environment so that all students can successfully participate in and enjoy a healthy meal and socialization with peers. Students whose scores were in the low and mid-range at the outset had statistically significant improvements in pretest-posttest visual analog scale ratings of participation and enjoyment...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656108/epoxygenase-inactivation-exacerbates-diet-and-aging-associated-metabolic-dysfunction-resulting-from-impaired-adipogenesis
#3
Antoni Olona, Ximena Terra, Jeong-Hun Ko, Carme Grau-Bové, Montserrat Pinent, Anna Ardevol, Ana Garcia Diaz, Aida Moreno-Moral, Matthew Edin, David Bishop-Bailey, Darryl C Zeldin, Timothy J Aitman, Enrico Petretto, Mayte Blay, Jacques Behmoaras
OBJECTIVE: When molecular drivers of healthy adipogenesis are perturbed, this can cause hepatic steatosis. The role of arachidonic acid (AA) and its downstream enzymatic cascades, such as cyclooxygenase, in adipogenesis is well established. The exact contribution of the P450 epoxygenase pathway, however, remains to be established. Enzymes belonging to this pathway are mainly encoded by the CYP2J locus which shows extensive allelic expansion in mice. Here we aimed to establish the role of endogenous epoxygenase during adipogenesis under homeostatic and metabolic stress conditions...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474510/nudging-and-social-marketing-techniques-encourage-employees-to-make-healthier-food-choices-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-30-worksite-cafeterias-in-the-netherlands
#4
Elizabeth Velema, Ellis L Vyth, Trynke Hoekstra, Ingrid H M Steenhuis
Background: Currently, many studies focus on how the environment can be changed to encourage healthier eating behavior, referred to as choice architecture or "nudging." However, to date, these strategies are not often investigated in real-life settings, such as worksite cafeterias, or are only done so on a short-term basis. Objective: The objective of this study is to examine the effects of a healthy worksite cafeteria ["worksite cafeteria 2.0" (WC 2...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462881/healthiness-of-food-and-beverages-for-sale-at-two-public-hospitals-in-new-south-wales-australia
#5
Carrie Tsai, Erika Svensen, Victoria M Flood, Yasmine Probst, Kathryn Reilly, Stephen Corbett, Jason H Y Wu
(1) Background: Our aim was to conduct objective, baseline food environment audits of two major western Sydney public hospitals and compare them to recently revised state nutritional guidelines. (2) Methods: A cross-sectional assessment was conducted (June-July2017) across 14 fixed food outlets and 70 vending machines in two hospitals using an audit tool designed to assess the guideline's key food environment parameters of availability, placement, and promotion of 'Everyday' (healthy) and 'Occasional' (less healthy) products...
February 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225703/facilitators-and-barriers-to-healthy-eating-in-a-worksite-cafeteria-a-qualitative-study-from-nepal
#6
Archana Shrestha, Prajjwal Pyakurel, Abha Shrestha, Rabin Gautam, Nisha Manandhar, Elizabeth Rhodes, Dipesh Tamrakar, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Vasanti Malik, Josiemer Mattei, Donna Spiegelman
Objective: Worksite interventions can serve as a potential platform for translating existing knowledge of diabetes prevention and facilitate healthy food choices. The study explored perceptions about healthy eating as well as potential facilitators and barriers to healthy eating among employees in a wire manufacturing factory in Nepal. Methods and materials: We conducted a cross-sectional exploratory qualitative study in a wire manufacturing industry in eastern Nepal...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169270/nudging-healthier-choices-in-a-hospital-cafeteria-results-from-a-field-study
#7
Mary Carol Mazza, Linda Dynan, Robert M Siegel, Anita L Tucker
More than two thirds of adults and one third of children are overweight or obese in the United States. These trends have led to initiatives to provide information that supports informed choices. Traffic light labeling has been shown to increase consumer awareness and encourage healthy selections. This article contributes to the literature on healthy choices by comparing the additional contribution of a number of interventions used in combination with traffic light labeling. We conducted a 21-month field study in a workplace cafeteria...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136484/effect-of-the-strong4life-school-nutrition-program-on-cafeterias-and-on-manager-and-staff-member-knowledge-and-practice-georgia-2015
#8
Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Ashley Bennett, Farrah Keong, Wendy Palmer, Trisha Hardy, Jean Welsh
OBJECTIVES: The goal of the Strong4Life School Nutrition Program is to promote healthy eating in school cafeterias in Georgia by training school nutrition managers and staff members to implement changes in the cafeteria to nudge children to make healthier choices. The objective of our study was to evaluate program effect on (1) school nutrition manager and staff member knowledge of evidence-based strategies and their self-efficacy to make positive changes, (2) the school cafeteria environment, and (3) National School Lunch Program participation...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023833/high-school-students-recommendations-to-improve-school-food-environments-insights-from-a-critical-stakeholder-group
#9
Yuka Asada, Alejandro G Hughes, Margaret Read, Marlene B Schwartz, Jamie F Chriqui
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) directed the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to revise school meal standards. Students are most affected by efforts to improve the school food environment; yet, few studies directly include students. This study examined high school students' experiences of school meal reform to gain insight into implementation recommendations. METHODS: We conducted 5 focus groups with high school students (N = 15) from high schools across 9 states...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974704/maternal-intake-of-grape-seed-procyanidins-during-lactation-induces-insulin-resistance-and-an-adiponectin-resistance-like-phenotype-in-rat-offspring
#10
Antoni Caimari, Roger Mariné-Casadó, Noemí Boqué, Anna Crescenti, Lluís Arola, Josep Maria Del Bas
Previously, we demonstrated that a grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE) supplementation in pregnant and lactating rats exerted both healthy and deleterious programming effects on their offspring. Here, we evaluated whether the administration of GSPE during lactation (100 mg.kg(-1).day(-1)) in rats elicited beneficial effects in their normoweight (STD-GSPE group) and cafeteria-fed obese (CAF-GSPE group) adult male offspring. STD-GSPE and CAF-GSPE offspring showed increased energy expenditure and circulating total and high-molecular-weight adiponectin...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929887/retail-food-reform-how-to-effectively-bridge-what-we-say-and-what-we-do-in-our-hospital-settings
#11
Laurie Dojeiji, Andra Taylor, Cholly Boland, Carolyn Brennan, Randy Penney
Hospital leaders in Eastern Ontario, Canada, have acknowledged the critical role of food to health and the need for progressive change that goes beyond personal responsibility paradigms. The Healthy Foods in Champlain Hospitals program aims to create supportive, healthy nutrition environments in hospital retail food settings. Twenty independent hospital corporations have collectively initiated a plan to transition cafeteria, vending, franchise, and volunteer operations towards healthier offerings. Hospitals are actively implementing a set of progressively phased, evidence-based nutrition criteria, which cover food and beverage categories, preparation methods, product placement, and provision of nutrition information...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864255/salad-bar-selection-patterns-of-elementary-school-children
#12
Geraldine Moreno-Black, Jean Stockard
From the perspective of child-focused nutrition research, the analysis of the school cafeteria culture and environment is critical. Most children eat at least one meal at school per school day, thus elementary schools are a good setting for influencing the early development of healthy eating habits. The salad bar in particular has gained attention as a means of increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. The purpose of the present study was to provide insight about the types of items children choose or do not choose from the salad bar...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843508/-purchase-of-local-foods-for-school-meals-in-andalusia-the-canary-islands-and-the-principality-of-asturias-spain
#13
Panmela Soares, Pablo Caballero, Mari Carmen Davó-Blanes
OBJECTIVE: To explore and compare the characteristics of Primary Education Centres (PEC) in Andalusia, the Canary Islands and the Principality of Asturias depending on whether or not they make local food purchases (LFP) for school meals and to explore the opinion of cafeteria managers about the benefits and challenges of this type of purchase. METHOD: Information on the characteristics of 186 PECs and opinions of cafeteria managers about the benefits/challenges of LFP was collected through an electronic questionnaire...
November 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814191/maternal-overweight-disrupts-the-sexual-maturation-of-the-offspring
#14
Rocío A Galarza, Eric A Rhon Calderón, Analía E Cortez, Alicia G Faletti
The aims of the present work were to study the effect of maternal overweight and obesity on the ovarian reserve, follicular development, and ovulation of the offspring and to assess whether this maternal condition alters oocyte integrity. To this end, female offspring from rats fed standard (OSD) or cafeteria (OCD) diet were used. Body weight, vaginal opening, and estrous cycle were recorded and ovaries were obtained on the day of the second estrus. In addition, ovarian weight, ovulation rate (measured by the number of oocytes within oviducts), follicular development (determined by histology), and oocyte integrity were examined...
September 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760188/perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-eating-and-school-lunch-meals-among-adolescents-a-qualitative-study
#15
Denise D Payán, David C Sloane, Jacqueline Illum, Tahirah Farris, LaVonna B Lewis
OBJECTIVES: We explored how perceived barriers and facilitators influence healthy eating and investigated the acceptability of changes to school lunch meals among adolescents after implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. METHODS: We conducted 8 focus groups with adolescents (N = 64) at 3 South Los Angeles high schools. Data collection instruments included a semi-structured guide and questionnaire. Two researchers independently coded transcripts...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760074/redox-status-on-different-regions-of-the-central-nervous-system-of-obese-and-lean-rats-treated-with-green-tea-extract
#16
Rita Cassia Macedo, Eduardo Fernandes Bondan, Rosemari Otton
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate some indicators of redox status, and inflammation on different regions of the central nervous system (CNS) of obese rats treated with green tea (GT). We hypothesized that obesity could affect the redox balance in different brain regions due to the diverse nature of the cells as well as the selective neuronal vulnerability to oxidative stress, and GT could triggers benefits effects restoring the redox status. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were treated with GT by gavage (12 weeks/5 days/week; 500 mg/kg of body weight) and obesity was induced by cafeteria diet (8 weeks)...
July 31, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752497/testing-virtual-reality-based-cue-exposure-software-which-cue-elicited-responses-best-discriminate-between-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#17
Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Marta Ferrer-García, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Antonios Dakanalis, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Isabel Sanchez-Diaz, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virgínia Tena, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado
PURPOSE: Virtual reality (VR) technologies have been proposed as a new tool able to improve on in vivo exposure in patients with eating disorders. This study assessed the validity of a VR-based software for cue exposure therapy (CET) in people with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). METHODS: Fifty eight outpatients (33 BN and 25 BED) and 135 healthy participants were exposed to 10 craved virtual foods and a neutral cue in four experimental virtual environments (kitchen, dining room, bedroom, and cafeteria)...
July 27, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623163/factors-associated-with-school-lunch-consumption-reverse-recess-and-school-brunch
#18
Leah Elizabeth Chapman, Juliana Cohen, Melanie Canterberry, Thomas W Carton
BACKGROUND: While school foods have become healthier under the Healthy, Hunger Free Kids Act, research suggests there is still substantial food waste in cafeterias. It is therefore necessary to study factors that can impact food consumption, including holding recess before lunch ("reverse recess") and starting lunch periods very early or very late. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between the timing of recess (pre-lunch vs post-lunch recess), the timing of the lunch period, and food consumed by students at lunch...
September 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616251/physical-micro-environment-interventions-for-healthier-eating-in-the-workplace-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial
#19
Milica Vasiljevic, Emma Cartwright, Rachel Pechey, Gareth J Hollands, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Susan A Jebb, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: An estimated one third of energy is consumed in the workplace. The workplace is therefore an important context in which to reduce energy consumption to tackle the high rates of overweight and obesity in the general population. Altering environmental cues for food selection and consumption-physical micro-environment or 'choice architecture' interventions-has the potential to reduce energy intake. The first aim of this pilot trial is to estimate the potential impact upon energy purchased of three such environmental cues (size of portions, packages and tableware; availability of healthier vs...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534446/blood-fatty-acid-changes-in-healthy-young-americans-in-response-to-a-10-week-diet-that-increased-n-3-and-reduced-n-6-fatty-acid-consumption-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrew J Young, Bernadette P Marriott, Catherine M Champagne, Michael R Hawes, Scott J Montain, Neil M Johannsen, Kevin Berry, Joseph R Hibbeln
Military personnel generally under-consume n-3 fatty acids and overconsume n-6 fatty acids. In a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study, we investigated whether a diet suitable for implementation in military dining facilities and civilian cafeterias could benefit n-3/n-6 fatty acid status of consumers. Three volunteer groups were provided different diets for 10 weeks. Control (CON) participants consumed meals from the US Military's Standard Garrison Dining Facility Menu. Experimental, moderate (EXP-Mod) and experimental-high (EXP-High) participants consumed the same meals, but high n-6 fatty acid and low n-3 fatty acid containing chicken, egg, oils and food ingredients were replaced with products having less n-6 fatty acids and more n-3 fatty acids...
May 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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