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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623163/factors-associated-with-school-lunch-consumption-reverse-recess-and-school-brunch
#1
Leah Elizabeth Chapman, Juliana Cohen, Melanie Canterberry, Thomas W Carton
BACKGROUND: While school foods have become healthier under the Healthy, Hunger Free Kids Act, research suggests there is still substantial food waste in cafeterias. It is therefore necessary to study factors that can impact food consumption, including holding recess before lunch ("reverse recess") and starting lunch periods very early or very late. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between the timing of recess (pre-lunch vs post-lunch recess), the timing of the lunch period, and food consumed by students at lunch...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616251/physical-micro-environment-interventions-for-healthier-eating-in-the-workplace-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial
#2
Milica Vasiljevic, Emma Cartwright, Rachel Pechey, Gareth J Hollands, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Susan A Jebb, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: An estimated one third of energy is consumed in the workplace. The workplace is therefore an important context in which to reduce energy consumption to tackle the high rates of overweight and obesity in the general population. Altering environmental cues for food selection and consumption-physical micro-environment or 'choice architecture' interventions-has the potential to reduce energy intake. The first aim of this pilot trial is to estimate the potential impact upon energy purchased of three such environmental cues (size of portions, packages and tableware; availability of healthier vs...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534446/blood-fatty-acid-changes-in-healthy-young-americans-in-response-to-a-10-week-diet-that-increased-n-3-and-reduced-n-6-fatty-acid-consumption-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Andrew J Young, Bernadette P Marriott, Catherine M Champagne, Michael R Hawes, Scott J Montain, Neil M Johannsen, Kevin Berry, Joseph R Hibbeln
Military personnel generally under-consume n-3 fatty acids and overconsume n-6 fatty acids. In a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study, we investigated whether a diet suitable for implementation in military dining facilities and civilian cafeterias could benefit n-3/n-6 fatty acid status of consumers. Three volunteer groups were provided different diets for 10 weeks. Control (CON) participants consumed meals from the US Military's Standard Garrison Dining Facility Menu. Experimental, moderate (EXP-Mod) and experimental-high (EXP-High) participants consumed the same meals, but high n-6 fatty acid and low n-3 fatty acid containing chicken, egg, oils and food ingredients were replaced with products having less n-6 fatty acids and more n-3 fatty acids...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382838/potato-chips-cookies-and-candy-oh-my-public-commentary-on-proposed-rules-regulating-competitive-foods
#4
Lauren M Dinour, Antoinette Pole
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 authorizes the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to establish nutritional standards for all foods sold in schools participating in federally funded meal programs. These foods, known as competitive foods, are commonly found in school cafeterias, vending machines, fundraisers, and snack bars and are associated with unhealthy dietary patterns. However, little is known about the regulatory process and opportunities for public participation to improve school food...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375645/the-fit-game-iii-reducing-the-operating-expenses-of-a-game-based-approach-to-increasing-healthy-eating-in-elementary-schools
#5
Damon Joyner, Heidi J Wengreen, Sheryl S Aguilar, Lori Andersen Spruance, Brooke A Morrill, Gregory J Madden
OBJECTIVE: Previously published versions of the healthy eating "FIT Game" were administered by teachers in all grades at elementary schools. The present study evaluated whether the game would retain its efficacy if teachers were relieved of this task; presenting instead all game materials on visual displays in the school cafeteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 572 children attending two Title 1 elementary schools (grades K-5). Following a no-intervention baseline period in which fruit and vegetable consumption were measured from food waste, the schools played the FIT Game...
April 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363803/testing-a-beverage-and-fruit-vegetable-education-intervention-in-a-university-dining-hall
#6
Mary J Scourboutakos, Catherine L Mah, Sarah A Murphy, Frank N Mazza, Nathanael Barrett, Bill McFadden, Mary R L'Abbé
OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of a nutrition intervention that included education and 2 labeling components on students' food choices. DESIGN: Repeat cross-sectional study taking place on 6 dinner occasions before and 6 afterward. SETTING: The study was conducted during dinner meals in a buffet-style dining hall in a university campus residence, where students paid a set price and consumed all they cared to eat. PARTICIPANTS: University students (n = 368 to 510) visited the cafeteria on each of the data collection dates...
June 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289278/cafeteria-diet-and-probiotic-therapy-cross-talk-among-memory-neuroplasticity-serotonin-receptors-and-gut-microbiota-in-the-rat
#7
J E Beilharz, N O Kaakoush, J Maniam, M J Morris
The western diet is known to have detrimental effects on cognition and the gut microbiota, but few studies have investigated how these may be related. Here, we examined whether a probiotic could prevent diet-induced memory deficits. Rats were pre-exposed to vehicle, low or high doses of VSL#3 for 2 weeks before half were switched from chow to a cafeteria diet (Caf) for 25 days; VSL#3 treatment continued until death. High-dose VSL#3 prevented the diet-induced memory deficits on the hippocampal-dependent place task, but the probiotic caused deficits on the perirhinal-dependent object task, irrespective of diet or dose...
March 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274694/-cafeterias-service-and-health-promotion-in-the-school-context
#8
Francisca M García-Padilla, Angustias González-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To assess the Secondary Schools (IES) cafeterias of Andalusia as services to promote healthy eating among students as well as to check the adequacy of the food supply to the Law on Food Security and Spanish Nutrition, and the knowledge of this law by the school managers. DESIGN: Observational descriptive transversal study. LOCATION: IES of Andalusia's eight provinces. PARTICIPANTS: Cafeteria services. Stratified random sample with proportional allocation by province and size of habitat of 95 Andalusian IES with+10% error and confidence level (NC) 95...
March 5, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192465/impact-of-a-cafeteria-diet-and-daily-physical-training-on-the-rat-serum-metabolome
#9
Susana Suárez-García, Josep M Del Bas, Antoni Caimari, Rosa M Escorihuela, Lluís Arola, Manuel Suárez
Regular physical activity and healthy dietary patterns are commonly recommended for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is diagnosed at an alarmingly increasing rate, especially among adolescents. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the relevance of physical exercise on the modulation of the metabolome in healthy people and those with MetS. We have previously shown that treadmill exercise ameliorated different symptoms of MetS. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a MetS-inducing diet and different intensities of aerobic training on the overall serum metabolome of adolescent rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110519/examining-the-nutritional-quality-of-food-and-beverage-consumed-at-melbourne-aquatic-and-recreation-centres
#10
Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Alexandra Chung, Marianne Khalil, Evelyn Wong, Ariana Kurzeme, Anna Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Examine the nutritional quality of food and beverages consumed across a sample of community aquatic and recreation centres in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Interviewer-administered surveys of randomly selected patrons attending four aquatic and recreation centres were conducted to ascertain food and beverage items consumed over two data collection periods (May-June 2014, January-February 2015). We selected centres in and around metropolitan Melbourne with a sit-down cafeteria and children's swimming classes...
April 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077114/using-nudging-and-social-marketing-techniques-to-create-healthy-worksite-cafeterias-in-the-netherlands-intervention-development-and-study-design
#11
Elizabeth Velema, Ellis L Vyth, Ingrid H M Steenhuis
BACKGROUND: The worksite cafeteria is a suitable setting for interventions focusing on changing eating behavior, because a lot of employees visit the worksite cafeteria regularly and a variety of interventions could be implemented there. The aim of this paper is to describe the intervention development and design of the evaluation of an intervention to make the purchase behavior of employees in the worksite cafeteria healthier. The developed intervention called "the worksite cafeteria 2...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074059/school-environment-and-policies-child-eating-behavior-and-overweight-obesity-in-urban-china-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-megacities
#12
P Jia, M Li, H Xue, L Lu, F Xu, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rising rapidly in China, especially in urban areas. Knowledge about how school environment and policies (SEPs) may have contributed to the epidemic remains limited. We examined SEP and their associations with students' eating behaviors and overweight/obesity in urban China. METHODS: Data were collected from 1648 students (plus their parents and schools) in 16 primary and middle schools (4 schools per city) in four megacities across China: Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and Xi'an...
May 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744021/who-s-adopting-the-smarter-lunchroom-approach-individual-characteristics-of-innovative-food-service-directors
#13
Gnel Gabrielyan, Drew S Hanks, Kathryn Hoy, David R Just, Brian Wansink
School cafeterias and, subsequently, food service directors (FSDs) play a vital role in feeding children in the U.S. This study investigates which FSDs with different characteristics and organizational affiliations are most willing to embrace and implement new programs in their cafeterias. In 2014 we surveyed a representative sample of 8143 school FSDs across the U.S. regarding their knowledge and use of innovative methods that encourage children to select healthy food options. Nearly all of the surveyed FSDs (93%) are aware of behavioral strategies to promote healthier eating in school lunchrooms, and nearly 93% report having made at least one change in their lunchroom...
February 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705750/a-physiological-characterization-of-the-cafeteria-diet-model-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-rat
#14
Mariana Gomez-Smith, Sudhir Karthikeyan, Matthew S Jeffers, Rafal Janik, Lynsie A Thomason, Bojana Stefanovic, Dale Corbett
Many promising findings from pre-clinical research have failed to translate to the clinic due to their inability to incorporate human disease co-morbidity. A variety of rodent diets and feeding durations are currently used in models of human metabolic syndrome, obesity and diabetes. One model, the Cafeteria (CAF) diet, makes use of grocery store-purchased food items that more closely approximate the human ultra-processed diet than commercial high-fat or high-sugar rodent diets. The present study describes the development of metabolic syndrome in rats fed a CAF diet as well as the recovery of metabolic syndrome following a healthy "lifestyle" change...
December 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575849/an-experiential-cooking-and-nutrition-education-program-increases-cooking-self-efficacy-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-in-grades-3-8
#15
Elizabeth Jarpe-Ratner, Stephanie Folkens, Sonika Sharma, Deborah Daro, Neilé K Edens
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of a community-based, experiential cooking and nutrition education program on consumption of fruits and vegetables and associated intermediate outcomes in students from low-income families. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental program evaluation by pre-post survey of participating students and their parents. SETTING: Underserved elementary and middle schools in Chicago. PARTICIPANTS: Students (n = 271; 65% girls, 44% Hispanic, 32% African American; 94% eligible for free/reduced price lunch) in grades 3-8 selected by school staff to participate by variable inclusion criteria...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552277/a-traffic-light-label-intervention-and-dietary-choices-in-college-cafeterias
#16
Michael W Seward, Jason P Block, Avik Chatterjee
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether traffic-light labeling and choice architecture interventions improved dietary choices among students at a northeastern US university. METHODS: In 6 cafeterias at Harvard University, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, we implemented a 7-week intervention including traffic-light labeling (red: least nutrient rich; yellow: nutrient neutral; green: most nutrient rich), choice architecture (how choices are presented to consumers), and "healthy-plate" tray stickers...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445324/improving-healthy-eating-and-the-bottom-line-impact-of-a-price-incentive-program-in-2-hospital-cafeterias
#17
Amy J Patsch, Jennifer Howard Smith, Mina L Liebert, Timothy K Behrens, Tami Charles
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of a health-promoting price intervention on food sales and profit. DESIGN: Nonrandomized evaluation study. SETTING: Two hospital cafeterias. PARTICIPANTS: Hospital employees (2800) were the priority population. INTERVENTION: During baseline phase, healthy versions of existing unhealthy items were introduced. The intervention phase included marketing and price incentives/disincentives for healthy and unhealthy items, with a 35% price differential...
July 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436235/the-influence-of-menu-labelling-on-food-choices-among-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Jocelyn Sacco, Heather G Lillico, Emily Chen, Erin Hobin
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a serious public health concern internationally, and population-level interventions are needed to support healthy food choices. Existing reviews of menu labelling have focused predominantly on adults. However, childhood and adolescence are distinct periods of development during which longer term eating behaviours and food preferences are established. Although some studies have examined the effect of menu labelling among children and adolescents, no reviews have synthesised this evidence...
July 19, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414016/the-impact-of-worksite-supports-for-healthy-eating-on-dietary-behaviors
#19
Elizabeth Anne Dodson, James Aaron Hipp, Mengchao Gao, Rachel Gail Tabak, Lin Yang, Ross Charles Brownson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the availability of worksite supports (WSS) for healthy eating and examine associations between existing supports and dietary behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional, telephone-based study was conducted with 2013 participants in four metropolitan areas in 2012. Logistic regression was used to examine associations between dietary behaviors and the availability or use of WSS. RESULTS: Those reporting the availability of a cafeteria/snack bar/food services at the worksite were more likely to consume fruits and vegetables more than twice/day, and less likely to consume fast food more than twice/week...
August 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358442/influence-of-menu-labeling-on-food-choices-in-real-life-settings-a-systematic-review
#20
Ana C Fernandes, Renata C Oliveira, Rossana P C Proença, Cintia C Curioni, Vanessa M Rodrigues, Giovanna M R Fiates
CONTEXT: Evidence that menu labeling influences food choices in real-life settings is lacking. Reviews usually focus on calorie counts without addressing broader issues related to healthy eating. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review assessed the influence of diverse menu-labeling formats on food choices in real-life settings. DATA SOURCES: Several databases were searched: Cochrane Library, Scopus, MEDLINE, Web of Science, Food Science and Technology Abstracts, Biological Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, EconLit, SciELO, and LILACS...
August 2016: Nutrition Reviews
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