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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774952/plant-roots-redesign-the-rhizosphere-to-alter-the-three-dimensional-physical-architecture-and-water-dynamics
#1
Sheikh M F Rabbi, Matthew K Tighe, Richard J Flavel, Brent N Kaiser, Chris N Guppy, Xiaoxian Zhang, Iain M Young
The mechanisms controlling the genesis of rhizosheaths are not well understood, despite their importance in controlling the flux of nutrients and water from soil to root. Here, we examine the development of rhizosheaths from drought-tolerant and drought-sensitive chickpea varieties; focusing on the three-dimensional characterization of the pore volume (> 16 μm voxel spatial resolution) obtained from X-ray microtomography, along with the characterization of mucilage and root hairs, and water sorption. We observe that drought-tolerant plants generate a larger diameter root, and a greater and more porous mass of rhizosheath, which also has a significantly increased water sorptivity, as compared with bulk soil...
May 18, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771591/case-study-developing-an-in-house-magnetic-resonance-imaging-maintenance-program
#2
Mark R Asbil, Bernard Boland, Martin Dussault, Wendy Rabbie, Marie-Ange Janvier, Y Rachel Zhang, Kim Greenwood
In 2015, the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) developed an in-house magnetic resonance imaging service team. Within two years, the team achieved substantial savings in operational costs, generated new revenue, improved uptime and response time, and improved customer satisfaction within the hospital. Through careful planning and collaboration, the Clinical Engineering Department at CHEO was able to bring imaging services in house successfully, demonstrating improvements over historical original equipment manufacturer performance thresholds...
May 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687920/jewish-christian-and-muslim-theological-perspectives-about-xenotransplantation
#3
Wayne Paris, Rabbi Jerry H Seidler, Kevin FitzGerald, Aasim I Padela, Emanuele Cozzi, David K C Cooper
BACKGROUND: This paper is based on a theological symposium presented at the International Xenotransplantation Association's 14th Congress held in Baltimore, MD, September, 2017. METHODS: The information explores the Jewish, Christian and Muslim theological perceptions and perspectives about cross-species (ie pig-to-human) organ transplantation, the genetic alterations required in the organ-source pig, and their potential to influence individual acceptance of the procedure...
April 24, 2018: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662103/authority-psychotherapy-and-the-authority-of-the-therapist-in-the-religious-haredi-community
#4
Esther Hess
This article considers the meaning and significance of authority, and its relevance to the transference process, within the framework of psychotherapy in the orthodox Jewish (Haredi) community in Israel. In this community, deeply-rooted habits of obedience to the commandments of the Torah and the authority of the Rabbi are integral to maintaining an orthodox way of life. Clinical vignettes with Haredi patients are presented to illustrate the complexities that arise when both patient and therapist belong to the orthodox community, and highlight the authority-related issues that are central to the therapy...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561752/analysis-of-stress-indicators-for-evaluation-of-animal-welfare-and-meat-quality-in-traditional-and-jewish-slaughtering
#5
Giancarlo Bozzo, Roberta Barrasso, Patrizia Marchetti, Rocco Roma, Giorgio Samoilis, Giuseppina Tantillo, Edmondo Ceci
Sixty Charolais male beef cattle of eight months of age were divided into two groups according to the slaughtering method, i.e., traditional or Kosher (religious Jewish rite). The aim of the study was to detect and compare the plasma concentrations of cortisol and catecholamines (dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine), by Elisa and HPLC test. These four stress indicators were evaluated during three different stages of each animal productive life: on the farm (step 1), after transportation (step 2) and during bleeding (step 3)...
March 21, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561364/code-lavender-a-tool-for-staff-support
#6
Rabbi Susan B Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505634/regional-heritability-mapping-provides-insights-into-dry-matter-content-in-african-white-and-yellow-cassava-populations
#7
Uche Godfrey Okeke, Deniz Akdemir, Ismail Rabbi, Peter Kulakow, Jean-Luc Jannink
The HarvestPlus program for cassava ( Crantz) fortifies cassava with β-carotene by breeding for carotene-rich tubers (yellow cassava). However, a negative correlation between yellowness and dry matter (DM) content has been identified. We investigated the genetic control of DM in white and yellow cassava. We used regional heritability mapping (RHM) to associate DM with genomic segments in both subpopulations. Significant segments were subjected to candidate gene analysis and candidates were validated with prediction accuracies...
March 2018: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503985/sara-a-mobile-app-to-engage-users-in-health-data-collection
#8
Mashfiqui Rabbi, Meredith Philyaw-Kotov, Jinseok Lee, Anthony Mansour, Laura Dent, Xiaolei Wang, Rebecca Cunningham, Erin Bonar, Inbal Nahum-Shani, Predrag Klasnja, Maureen Walton, Susan Murphy
Despite the recent progress in sensor technologies, many relevant health data can be only captured with manual input (e.g., food intake, stress appraisal, subjective emotion, substance use). A common problem of manual logging is that users often disengage within a short time because of high burden. In this work, we propose SARA, a novel app to engage users with ongoing tracking using timely rewards thereby reinforcing users for data input. SARA is developed for adolescents and emerging adults at risk for substance abuse...
September 2017: Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463125/salbutamol-in-acute-organophosphorus-insecticide-poisoning-a-pilotdose-response-phase-ii-study
#9
Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, Md Mustafezur Rahman, Parash Ullah, Abdul Mumith Ruhan, Md Shafiqul Bari, M M Jahangir Alam, Md Moyeen Uddin, Shomik Maruf, Md Ismail Patwary, Michael Eddleston
BACKGROUND: Treatment of acute organophosphorus (OP) insecticide poisoning is difficult, with many patients dying despite best care. Pre-clinical studies have shown benefit from salbutamol, possibly due speeding alveolar fluid clearance or reducing bronchoconstriction. In this small pilot dose-response study, we aimed to explore whether addition of nebulized salbutamol to standard care might improve resuscitation. METHODS: We performed a single-blind phase II study comparing the effect of two different doses of nebulized salbutamol versus saline placebo, in addition to standard treatment...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383326/protection-of-children-s-human-rights-and-health-a-legacy-of-julian-kramsztyk-janusz-korczak-and-ludwik-rajchman
#10
Piotr Woltanowski, Andrzej Wincewicz, Stanisław Sulkowski
Tutor of generations of Warsaw medical doctors, Julian Kramsztyk (1851-1926) was son of Rabbi Izaak Kramsztyk, Polish patriot and fighter for independent Poland. Julian Kramsztyk graduated in medicine from Warsaw University in 1873 to soon work as a supervisor of the Internal Diseases Department of Bersohns and Baumans Children's Hospital from 1878 to 1910, and despite of refusing professorship from Imperial Warsaw University, he worked as a lecturer of pediatric disorders from 1880 with strong association of his medical practice with scientific and editorial tasks as well as engaging in charity...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378072/person-centered-care-for-lgbt-older-adults
#11
EDITORIAL
Rabbi Erica Steelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358232/improving-genomic-prediction-in-cassava-field-experiments-by-accounting-for-interplot-competition
#12
Ani A Elias, Ismail Rabbi, Peter Kulakow, Jean-Luc Jannink
Plants competing for available resources is an unavoidable phenomenon in a field. We conducted studies in cassava ( Manihot esculenta Crantz) in order to understand the pattern of this competition. Taking into account the competitive ability of genotypes while selecting parents for breeding advancement or commercialization can be very useful. We assumed that competition could occur at two levels: (i) the genotypic level, which we call interclonal, and (ii) the plot level irrespective of the type of genotype, which we call interplot competition or competition error...
March 2, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332513/the-meaning-of-choosing-a-spouse-among-ultra-orthodox-jewish-women-who-found-themselves-in-a-violent-relationship
#13
Tova Band-Winterstein, Ilanit Tuito
This research note addresses how ultra-Orthodox Jewish women in Israel coping with intimate partner violence experienced the spouse selection process. In-depth semistructured qualitative-phenomenological interviews were conducted with 17 women. Four major themes emerged: (a) "The matchmaker seemingly fell asleep on her watch"; (b) The parents' mistakes; (c) "The rabbi told me to jump into the water. Now he should hand me the paddles to get out!" The rabbi's role; and (d) "That's it ...
May 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240603/what-is-the-optimal-adjuvant-treatment-sequence-for-node-positive-endometrial-cancer-results-of-a-national-cancer-database-analysis
#14
Ankit Modh, Ahmed I Ghanem, Charlotte Burmeister, Rabbie K Hanna, Mohamed A Elshaikh
OBJECTIVE: The optimal sequence of administering chemotherapy (CT) and radiation treatment (RT) in women with node-positive endometrial carcinoma (EC) remains controversial. We used the National Cancer Database to evaluate overall survival (OS) in women with advanced EC receiving different sequences of adjuvant therapy. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for female adults with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2009 stage IIIC1 to IIIC2 EC diagnosed from 2004 to 2012 treated with hysterectomy and adjuvant CT and RT...
February 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206216/bioactive-steroids-and-saponins-of-the-genus-trillium
#15
REVIEW
Shafiq Ur Rahman, Muhammad Ismail, Muhammad Khurram, Irfan Ullah, Fazle Rabbi, Marcello Iriti
The species of the genus Trillium (Melanthiaceae alt. Trilliaceae) include perennial herbs with characteristic rhizomes mainly distributed in Asia and North America. Steroids and saponins are the main classes of phytochemicals present in these plants. This review summarizes and discusses the current knowledge on their chemistry, as well as the in vitro and in vivo studies carried out on the extracts, fractions and isolated pure compounds from the different species belonging to this genus, focusing on core biological properties, i...
December 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202685/accuracies-of-univariate-and-multivariate-genomic-prediction-models-in-african-cassava
#16
Uche Godfrey Okeke, Deniz Akdemir, Ismail Rabbi, Peter Kulakow, Jean-Luc Jannink
BACKGROUND: Genomic selection (GS) promises to accelerate genetic gain in plant breeding programs especially for crop species such as cassava that have long breeding cycles. Practically, to implement GS in cassava breeding, it is necessary to evaluate different GS models and to develop suitable models for an optimized breeding pipeline. In this paper, we compared (1) prediction accuracies from a single-trait (uT) and a multi-trait (MT) mixed model for a single-environment genetic evaluation (Scenario 1), and (2) accuracies from a compound symmetric multi-environment model (uE) parameterized as a univariate multi-kernel model to a multivariate (ME) multi-environment mixed model that accounts for genotype-by-environment interaction for multi-environment genetic evaluation (Scenario 2)...
December 4, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190205/hypertension-regulating-angiotensin-peptides-in-the-pathobiology-of-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Misbah Hussain, Fazli Rabbi Awan
Renin angiotensin system (RAS) is an endogenous hormone system involved in the control of blood pressure and fluid volume. Dysregulation of RAS has a pathological role in causing cardiovascular diseases through hypertension. Among several key components of RAS, angiotensin peptides, varying in amino acid length and biological function, have important roles in preventing or promoting hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, vascular remodeling etc. These peptides are generated by the metabolism of inactive angiotensinogen or its derived peptides by hydrolyzing action of certain enzymes...
November 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177209/-h-pylori-infection-and-gastric-cancer-in-bangladesh-a-case-control-study
#18
Khandker Kawser Sarker, Md Jahangir Kabir, A K M Minhaj Uddin Bhuyian, Md Shahjadul Alam, Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, M Abdul Ahad, Md Anisur Rahman, M Mizanur Rahman
Background: Like that of other Asian countries gastric cancer (GC) is also a leading cancer in Bangladesh and also a cause for cancer-related mortality. Infection with Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) is the strongest recognized risk factor for gastric adenocarcinoma. The infection is also prevalent in common people. This case-control study was carried out to find an association between GC and H. pylori infection in the community. Materials and Methods: To evaluate association of H...
November 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162095/how-are-compassion-fatigue-burnout-and-compassion-satisfaction-affected-by-quality-of-working-life-findings-from-a-survey-of-mental-health-staff-in-italy
#19
Gaia Cetrano, Federico Tedeschi, Laura Rabbi, Giorgio Gosetti, Antonio Lora, Dario Lamonaca, Jill Manthorpe, Francesco Amaddeo
BACKGROUND: Quality of working life includes elements such as autonomy, trust, ergonomics, participation, job complexity, and work-life balance. The overarching aim of this study was to investigate if and how quality of working life affects Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction among mental health practitioners. METHODS: Staff working in three Italian Mental Health Departments completed the Professional Quality of Life Scale, measuring Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction, and the Quality of Working Life Questionnaire...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130476/graft-versus-host-disease-in-a-pediatric-multiple-organ-transplant-recipient-with-trichohepatoenteric-syndrome-a-unique-case-report
#20
Pooja H Rambhia, Rabbi Hanna, Wilma F Bergfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
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