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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270154/pandemics-pathogenicity-and-changing-molecular-epidemiology-of-cholera-in-the-era-of-global-warming
#1
REVIEW
Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, Zannatun Nur, Nazia Hassan, Lorenz von Seidlein, Susanna Dunachie
BACKGROUND: Vibrio cholerae, a Gram-negative, non-spore forming curved rod is found in diverse aquatic ecosystems around the planet. It is classified according to its major surface antigen into around 206 serogroups, of which O1 and O139 cause epidemic cholera. A recent spatial modelling technique estimated that around 2.86 million cholera cases occur globally every year, and of them approximately 95,000 die. About 1.3 billion people are currently at risk of infection from cholera. Meta-analysis and mathematical modelling have demonstrated that due to global warming the burden of vector-borne diseases like malaria, leishmaniasis, meningococcal meningitis, viral encephalitis, dengue and chikungunya will increase in the coming years in the tropics and beyond...
March 7, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259548/seroprevalence-of-five-neglected-parasitic-diseases-among-immigrants-accessing-five-infectious-and-tropical-diseases-units-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Giulia Martelli, Chiara Di Girolamo, Lorenzo Zammarchi, Andrea Angheben, Matteo Morandi, Stefano Tais, Monica Degani, Issa El Hamad, Silvio Caligaris, Anna Ciannameo, Elisabetta Grilli, Lucia Urbinati, Geraldo Badona Monteiro, Carmelo Scarcella, Nicola Petrosillo, Margherita Digaetano, Lorenzo Rabbi, Noemi Bazzanini, Francesca Cacciatore, Brigida Lilia Marta, Maria Luisa Moro, Alessandro Bartoloni, Pierluigi Viale, Gabriella Verucchi
OBJECTIVE: This multicentre cross-sectional study aims to estimate the prevalence of five neglected tropical diseases (Chagas disease, filariasis, schistosomiasis, strongyloidiasis, toxocariasis) among immigrants accessing health care facilities in five Italian cities (Bologna, Brescia, Florence, Rome, Verona). METHODS: Individuals underwent a different set of serological tests, according to country of origin and presence of eosinophilia. Seropositive patients were treated and further followed up...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225446/adjuvant-external-radiation-impacts-outcome-of-pelvis-limited-stage-iii-endometrial-carcinoma-a-multi-institutional-study
#3
Kevin Albuquerque, Michael Folkert, Jyoti Mayadev, Alana Christie, Margaret R Liotta, Christa Nagel, Parag Sevak, Matthew M Harkenrider, Jayanthi S Lea, Rabbie K Hanna, William C Small, David S Miller, Xian-Jin Xie, Ronald K Potkul, Mohamed A Elshaikh
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant therapy choice for women with FIGO stage III endometrial carcinoma (EC) is controversial. We investigate the comparative benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy (CT) alone, radiation therapy alone (RT) or in combination (chemotherapy and radiation therapy [CRT]) with respect to recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in women with pelvis-limited (PL) EC (stage IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-institutional database of 270 surgically staged women with PLEC was analyzed...
February 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159465/a-comparison-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-to-lymphadenectomy-for-endometrial-cancer-staging-fires-trial-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Emma C Rossi, Lynn D Kowalski, Jennifer Scalici, Leigh Cantrell, Kevin Schuler, Rabbie K Hanna, Michael Method, Melissa Ade, Anastasia Ivanova, John F Boggess
BACKGROUND: Sentinel-lymph-node mapping has been advocated as an alternative staging technique for endometrial cancer. The aim of this study was to measure the sensitivity and negative predictive value of sentinel-lymph-node mapping compared with the gold standard of complete lymphadenectomy in detecting metastatic disease for endometrial cancer. METHODS: In the FIRES multicentre, prospective, cohort study patients with clinical stage 1 endometrial cancer of all histologies and grades undergoing robotic staging were eligible for study inclusion...
March 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130607/what-do-non-clergy-spiritual-care-providers-contribute-to-end-of-life-care-in-israel-a-qualitative-study
#5
Michal Pagis, Orly Tal, Wendy Cadge
Spiritual care is an increasingly important component of end of life care. As it emerges in Israel, it is intentionally built on a nonclerical model. Based on interviews with spiritual care providers in Israel, we find that they help patients and families talk about death and say goodbyes. They encourage the wrapping up of unfinished business, offer diverse cultural resources that can provide meaning, and use presence and touch to produce connection. As spiritual care emerges in Israel, providers are working with patients at the end of life in ways they see as quite distinct from rabbis...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118169/the-k-technique-a-novel-technique-for-laparoscopic-apical-suspension-using-barbed-sutures
#6
Tarek Khalife, Rabbie K Hanna
OBJECTIVES: Hysterectomy is among the most common gynecologic procedures performed for women, second only to cesarean sections, and the proportion of it performed laparoscopically continues to increase. Addressing apical support at the time of the hysterectomy is crucial to minimizing the risk of posthysterectomy prolapse. Barriers to addressing apical support include the lack of experience in laparoscopic suturing and knot tying that require advanced skills and dexterity. The K-technique is a novel modification of the uterosacral ligament suspension procedure using the knot-less barbed suture technology, rendering suturing easier and quicker to perform...
January 24, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097802/genomic-analysis-and-clinical-management-of-adolescent-cutaneous-melanoma
#7
Roy Rabbie, Mamun Rashid, Ana M Arance, Marcelo Sánchez, Gemma Tell-Marti, Miriam Potrony, Carles Conill, Remco van Doorn, Stefan Dentro, Nellele A Gruis, Pippa Corrie, Vivek Iyer, Carla Daniela Robles-Espinoza, Joan A Puig-Butille, Susana Puig, David J Adams
Melanoma in young children is rare, however its incidence in adolescents and young adults is rising. We describe the clinical course of a 15-year-old female diagnosed with AJCC stage IB non-ulcerated primary melanoma, who died from metastatic disease four years after diagnosis despite three lines of modern systemic therapy. We also present the complete genomic profile of her tumour and compare this to a further series of 13 adolescent melanomas, and 275 adult cutaneous melanomas. A somatic BRAF(V)(600E) mutation and a high mutational load equivalent to that found in adult melanoma, and composed primarily of C>T mutations was observed...
January 17, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928026/azd3759-a-bbb-penetrating-egfr-inhibitor-for-the-treatment-of-egfr-mutant-nsclc-with-cns-metastases
#8
Zhenfan Yang, Qiuli Guo, Yingchun Wang, Kan Chen, Lin Zhang, Ziqiang Cheng, Yanping Xu, Xiaolu Yin, Yu Bai, Sarit Rabbie, Dong-Wan Kim, Myung-Ju Ahn, James Chih-Hsin Yang, Xiaolin Zhang
Non-small-cell lung cancer patients with activating mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) respond to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. Nevertheless, patients often develop central nervous system (CNS) metastases during treatment, even when their extracranial tumors are still under control. In the absence of effective options, much higher doses of EGFR TKIs have been attempted clinically, with the goal of achieving high enough drug concentrations within the CNS. Although limited tumor responses have been observed with this approach, the toxicities outside the CNS have been too high to tolerate...
December 7, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898832/genome-wide-association-and-prediction-reveals-genetic-architecture-of-cassava-mosaic-disease-resistance-and-prospects-for-rapid-genetic-improvement
#9
Marnin D Wolfe, Ismail Y Rabbi, Chiedozie Egesi, Martha Hamblin, Robert Kawuki, Peter Kulakow, Roberto Lozano, Dunia Pino Del Carpio, Punna Ramu, Jean-Luc Jannink
C ( Crantz) is a crucial, under-researched crop feeding millions worldwide, especially in Africa. Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) has plagued production in Africa for over a century. Biparental mapping studies suggest primarily a single major gene mediates resistance. To investigate this genetic architecture, we conducted the first genome-wide association mapping study in cassava with up to 6128 genotyping-by-sequenced African breeding lines and 42,113 reference genome-mapped single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875073/orthodox-jewish-thought-leaders-insights-regarding-brca-mutations-a-descriptive-study
#10
Toby Bressler, Beth Popp
PURPOSE: To examine the factors that influence Orthodox Jewish (OJ) thought leaders' perceptions of genetic counseling and testing for BRCA mutations. The specific aims of this study were to describe (1) OJ thought leaders' views on genetic counseling and testing for BRCA mutation status and (2) insights into this high-risk faith-based minority group and their beliefs about counseling and testing for BRCA mutations. METHODS: In-depth focus groups and demographic questionnaires were used in this descriptive, qualitative study, which was performed in the cancer center of a 750-bed community teaching hospital in Brooklyn, New York...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771558/speckle-tracking-and-speckle-content-based-composite-strain-imaging-for-solid-and-fluid-filled-lesions
#11
Md Shifat-E Rabbi, Md Kamrul Hasan
Strain imaging though for solid lesions provides an effective way for determining their pathologic condition by displaying the tissue stiffness contrast, for fluid filled lesions such an imaging is yet an open problem. In this paper, we propose a novel speckle content based strain imaging technique for visualization and classification of fluid filled lesions in elastography after automatic identification of the presence of fluid filled lesions. Speckle content based strain, defined as a function of speckle density based on the relationship between strain and speckle density, gives an indirect strain value for fluid filled lesions...
February 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671183/efficacy-of-probiotics-versus-placebo-in-the-prevention-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Tanjina Chowdhury, Muhammad Manajjir Ali, Muhammad Monir Hossain, Jugindra Singh, Abu Noyeem Muhammad Yousuf, Fatema Yasmin, Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of orally administered probiotics in preventing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Arandomized double blind controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Paediatrics Department of Sylhet M.A.G. Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet Bangladesh, from July 2012 to June 2015. METHODOLOGY: Preterm (28 - 33 weeks gestation) VLBW (birth weight 1000 - 1499 g) neonates were enrolled...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615807/physical-soil-architectural-traits-are-functionally-linked-to-carbon-decomposition-and-bacterial-diversity
#13
S M F Rabbi, H Daniel, P V Lockwood, C Macdonald, L Pereg, M Tighe, B R Wilson, I M Young
Aggregates play a key role in protecting soil organic carbon (SOC) from microbial decomposition. The objectives of this study were to investigate the influence of pore geometry on the organic carbon decomposition rate and bacterial diversity in both macro- (250-2000 μm) and micro-aggregates (53-250 μm) using field samples. Four sites of contrasting land use on Alfisols (i.e. native pasture, crop/pasture rotation, woodland) were investigated. 3D Pore geometry of the micro-aggregates and macro-aggregates were examined by X-ray computed tomography (μCT)...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587297/marker-based-estimates-reveal-significant-non-additive-effects-in-clonally-propagated-cassava-manihot-esculenta-implications-for-the-prediction-of-total-genetic-value-and-the-selection-of-varieties
#14
Marnin D Wolfe, Peter Kulakow, Ismail Y Rabbi, Jean-Luc Jannink
In clonally propagated crops, non-additive genetic effects can be effectively exploited by the identification of superior genetic individuals as varieties. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a clonally propagated staple food crop that feeds hundreds of millions. We quantified the amount and nature of non-additive genetic variation for three key traits in a breeding population of cassava from sub-Saharan Africa using additive and non-additive genome-wide marker-based relationship matrices. We then assessed the accuracy of genomic prediction for total (additive plus non-additive) genetic value...
August 31, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493470/robotic-trachelectomy-after-supracervical-hysterectomy-for-benign-gynecologic-disease
#15
Ziv Tsafrir, Joelle Aoun, Rabbie Hanna, Eleni Papalekas, Lauren Schiff, Evan Theoharis, David Eisenstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A renewed interest in the supra cervical approach to hysterectomy has created a cohort of patients with a retained cervix at risk of persistent symptoms requiring a subsequent trachelectomy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of robotic trachelectomy after a previous supracervical hysterectomy. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of women who had robotic trachelectomy after supracervical hysterectomy for benign gynecologic disease from January 2009 through October 2014...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376176/legends-about-legends-abraham-eleazar-s-adaptation-of-nicolas-flamel
#16
Claus Priesner
This paper explores the relationship between three illustrated alchemical treatises, all of which are associated with Jewish adepts: the famous Le Livre des figures hieroglyphiques attributed to Nicolas Flamel, and two treatises published in 1735 in Erfurt-the Uraltes Chymisches Werckh and the Donum Dei. The Werckh is supposedly written by Rabbi Abraham Eleazar, while the Donum Dei is attributed to an ancient alchemist-cabalist, Rabbi Samuel Baruch. I argue that these authors are fictitious, and that both works were in fact written in the early eighteenth century by their supposed editor, the probably pseudonymous Julius Gervasius...
February 2016: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375699/cervical-tuberculous-lymphadenitis-clinico-demographic-profiles-of-patients-in-a-secondary-level-hospital-of-bangladesh
#17
Mohammad Shah Kamal, Md Hafiz Ehsanul Hoque, Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, Rubina Farzana
OBJECTIVE: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in Bangladesh since long. The present incidence and prevalence rates of all forms of TB are 227 and 404/100,000 population respectively. The aim of this study was to find out the clinical characteristics of involved cervical lymph nodes, demographic characteristics of the patients and response to treatment of Cervical Tuberculous Lymphadenitis (CTL) cases. METHODS: A prospective study was performed in Shaheed Shamsuddin Ahmed Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh from June 2012 to June 2014...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357582/patient-autonomy-in-talmudic-context-the-patient-s-i-must-eat-on-yom-kippur-in-the-light-of-contemporary-bioethics
#18
Zackary Berger, Rabbi Joshua Cahan
In contemporary bioethics, the autonomy of the patient has assumed considerable importance. Progressing from a more limited notion of informed consent, shared decision making calls upon patients to voice the desires and preferences of their authentic self, engaging in choice among alternatives as a way to exercise deeply held values. One influential opinion in Jewish bioethics holds that Jewish law, in contradistinction to secular bioethics, limits the patient's exercise of autonomy only in those instances in which treatment choices are sensitive to preferences...
October 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313173/role-of-leptin-deficiency-inefficiency-and-leptin-receptors-in-obesity
#19
REVIEW
Muhammad Wasim, Fazli Rabbi Awan, Syeda Sadia Najam, Abdul Rehman Khan, Haq Nawaz Khan
Leptin protein consists of 167 amino acids, which is mainly secreted from the white adipose tissue. This protein acts on the hypothalamic regions of the brain which control eating behavior, thus playing a significant role in maintaining body's metabolism. Leptin receptors belong to glycoprotein 130 (gp130) family of cytokine receptors and exist in six isoforms (LEPR a-f), and all the isoforms are encoded by LEPR gene; out of these isoforms, the LEPR-b receptor is the 'longest form,' and in most of the cases, mutations in this isoform cause severe obesity...
October 2016: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295663/blind-deconvolution-of-ultrasound-images-using-l1-norm-constrained-block-based-damped-variable-step-size-multichannel-lms-algorithm
#20
Md Kamrul Hasan, Md Shifat-E- Rabbi, Soo Yeol Lee
The problem of improving the ultrasound image resolution by undoing the effect of convolution on backscattered radio-frequency (RF) data caused by the point spread function (PSF) of ultrasonic imaging system is one of the key problems in the reconstruction of the medical ultrasound images. In this paper, the tissue reflectivity functions (TRFs) are directly estimated from the noisy and nonstationary RF data using the block-based multichannel least-mean square ( l1 -bMCLMS) algorithm without any prior knowledge of the PSF...
August 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
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