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Uche Godfrey Okeke, Deniz Akdemir, Ismail Rabbi, Peter Kulakow, Jean-Luc Jannink
The HarvestPlus program for cassava ( Crantz) fortifies cassava with β-carotene by breeding for carotene-rich tubers (yellow cassava). However, a negative correlation between yellowness and dry matter (DM) content has been identified. We investigated the genetic control of DM in white and yellow cassava. We used regional heritability mapping (RHM) to associate DM with genomic segments in both subpopulations. Significant segments were subjected to candidate gene analysis and candidates were validated with prediction accuracies...
March 2018: Plant Genome
Mashfiqui Rabbi, Meredith Philyaw-Kotov, Jinseok Lee, Anthony Mansour, Laura Dent, Xiaolei Wang, Rebecca Cunningham, Erin Bonar, Inbal Nahum-Shani, Predrag Klasnja, Maureen Walton, Susan Murphy
Despite the recent progress in sensor technologies, many relevant health data can be only captured with manual input (e.g., food intake, stress appraisal, subjective emotion, substance use). A common problem of manual logging is that users often disengage within a short time because of high burden. In this work, we propose SARA, a novel app to engage users with ongoing tracking using timely rewards thereby reinforcing users for data input. SARA is developed for adolescents and emerging adults at risk for substance abuse...
September 2017: Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing
Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, Md Mustafezur Rahman, Parash Ullah, Abdul Mumith Ruhan, Md Shafiqul Bari, M M Jahangir Alam, Md Moyeen Uddin, Shomik Maruf, Md Ismail Patwary, Michael Eddleston
BACKGROUND: Treatment of acute organophosphorus (OP) insecticide poisoning is difficult, with many patients dying despite best care. Pre-clinical studies have shown benefit from salbutamol, possibly due speeding alveolar fluid clearance or reducing bronchoconstriction. In this small pilot dose-response study, we aimed to explore whether addition of nebulized salbutamol to standard care might improve resuscitation. METHODS: We performed a single-blind phase II study comparing the effect of two different doses of nebulized salbutamol versus saline placebo, in addition to standard treatment...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
Piotr Woltanowski, Andrzej Wincewicz, Stanisław Sulkowski
Tutor of generations of Warsaw medical doctors, Julian Kramsztyk (1851-1926) was son of Rabbi Izaak Kramsztyk, Polish patriot and fighter for independent Poland. Julian Kramsztyk graduated in medicine from Warsaw University in 1873 to soon work as a supervisor of the Internal Diseases Department of Bersohns and Baumans Children's Hospital from 1878 to 1910, and despite of refusing professorship from Imperial Warsaw University, he worked as a lecturer of pediatric disorders from 1880 with strong association of his medical practice with scientific and editorial tasks as well as engaging in charity...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
Rabbi Erica Steelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Ani A Elias, Ismail Rabbi, Peter Kulakow, Jean-Luc Jannink
Plants' competing for available resources is an unavoidable phenomenon in a field. We conducted studies in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) in order to understand the pattern of this competition. Taking into account the competitive ability of genotypes while selecting parents for breeding advancement or commercialization can be very useful. We assumed that competition could occur in two levels i) at the genotypic level, which we called as inter-clonal, and ii) at the plot level irrespective of the type of genotype, which we call as inter-plot competition or competition error...
January 22, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Tova Band-Winterstein, Ilanit Tuito
This research note addresses how ultra-Orthodox Jewish women in Israel coping with intimate partner violence experienced the spouse selection process. In-depth semistructured qualitative-phenomenological interviews were conducted with 17 women. Four major themes emerged: (a) "The matchmaker seemingly fell asleep on her watch"; (b) The parents' mistakes; (c) "The rabbi told me to jump into the water. Now he should hand me the paddles to get out!" The rabbi's role; and (d) "That's it . . . I follow it blindly": The system...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
Ankit Modh, Ahmed I Ghanem, Charlotte Burmeister, Rabbie K Hanna, Mohamed A Elshaikh
OBJECTIVE: The optimal sequence of administering chemotherapy (CT) and radiation treatment (RT) in women with node-positive endometrial carcinoma (EC) remains controversial. We used the National Cancer Database to evaluate overall survival (OS) in women with advanced EC receiving different sequences of adjuvant therapy. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for female adults with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2009 stage IIIC1 to IIIC2 EC diagnosed from 2004 to 2012 treated with hysterectomy and adjuvant CT and RT...
February 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Shafiq Ur Rahman, Muhammad Ismail, Muhammad Khurram, Irfan Ullah, Fazle Rabbi, Marcello Iriti
The species of the genus Trillium (Melanthiaceae alt. Trilliaceae) include perennial herbs with characteristic rhizomes mainly distributed in Asia and North America. Steroids and saponins are the main classes of phytochemicals present in these plants. This review summarizes and discusses the current knowledge on their chemistry, as well as the in vitro and in vivo studies carried out on the extracts, fractions and isolated pure compounds from the different species belonging to this genus, focusing on core biological properties, i...
December 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Uche Godfrey Okeke, Deniz Akdemir, Ismail Rabbi, Peter Kulakow, Jean-Luc Jannink
BACKGROUND: Genomic selection (GS) promises to accelerate genetic gain in plant breeding programs especially for crop species such as cassava that have long breeding cycles. Practically, to implement GS in cassava breeding, it is necessary to evaluate different GS models and to develop suitable models for an optimized breeding pipeline. In this paper, we compared (1) prediction accuracies from a single-trait (uT) and a multi-trait (MT) mixed model for a single-environment genetic evaluation (Scenario 1), and (2) accuracies from a compound symmetric multi-environment model (uE) parameterized as a univariate multi-kernel model to a multivariate (ME) multi-environment mixed model that accounts for genotype-by-environment interaction for multi-environment genetic evaluation (Scenario 2)...
December 4, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
Misbah Hussain, Fazli Rabbi Awan
Renin angiotensin system (RAS) is an endogenous hormone system involved in the control of blood pressure and fluid volume. Dysregulation of RAS has a pathological role in causing cardiovascular diseases through hypertension. Among several key components of RAS, angiotensin peptides, varying in amino acid length and biological function, have important roles in preventing or promoting hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, vascular remodeling etc. These peptides are generated by the metabolism of inactive angiotensinogen or its derived peptides by hydrolyzing action of certain enzymes...
November 30, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Khandker Kawser Sarker, Md Jahangir Kabir, A K M Minhaj Uddin Bhuyian, Md Shahjadul Alam, Fazle Rabbi Chowdhury, M Abdul Ahad, Md Anisur Rahman, M Mizanur Rahman
Background: Like that of other Asian countries gastric cancer (GC) is also a leading cancer in Bangladesh and also a cause for cancer-related mortality. Infection with Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) is the strongest recognized risk factor for gastric adenocarcinoma. The infection is also prevalent in common people. This case-control study was carried out to find an association between GC and H. pylori infection in the community. Materials and Methods: To evaluate association of H...
November 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
Gaia Cetrano, Federico Tedeschi, Laura Rabbi, Giorgio Gosetti, Antonio Lora, Dario Lamonaca, Jill Manthorpe, Francesco Amaddeo
BACKGROUND: Quality of working life includes elements such as autonomy, trust, ergonomics, participation, job complexity, and work-life balance. The overarching aim of this study was to investigate if and how quality of working life affects Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction among mental health practitioners. METHODS: Staff working in three Italian Mental Health Departments completed the Professional Quality of Life Scale, measuring Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction, and the Quality of Working Life Questionnaire...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Pooja H Rambhia, Rabbi Hanna, Wilma F Bergfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
Li Li, Misbah Aslam, Fazle Rabbi, Mark C Vanderwel, Neil W Ashton, Dae-Yeon Suh
PpORS knockout mutants produced abnormal leaves with increased dye permeability and were more susceptible to dehydration, consistent with PpORS products being constituents of a cuticular structure in the moss. Type III polyketide synthases (PKSs) have co-evolved with terrestrial plants such that each taxon can generate a characteristic collection of polyketides, fine-tuned to its needs. 2'-Oxoalkylresorcinol synthase from Physcomitrella patens (PpORS) is basal to all plant type III PKSs in phylogenetic trees and may closely resemble their most recent common ancestor...
November 8, 2017: Planta
Tasnova Tasnim, Mir Md Abdullah Al-Mamun, Noor Ahmed Nahid, Md Reazul Islam, Mohd Nazmul Hasan Apu, Most Umme Bushra, Sikder Nahidul Islam Rabbi, Zabun Nahar, Jakir Ahmed Chowdhury, Maizbha Uddin Ahmed, Mohammad Safiqul Islam, Abul Hasnat
Lung cancer is one of the most frequently occurring cancers throughout the world as well as in Bangladesh. This study aimed to correlate the prognostic and/or predictive value of functional polymorphisms in SULT1A1 (rs9282861) and XRCC1 (rs25487) genes and lung cancer risk in Bangladeshi population. A case-control study was conducted which comprises 202 lung cancer patients and 242 healthy volunteers taking into account the age, sex, and smoking status. After isolation of genomic DNA, genotyping was done by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method and the lung cancer risk was evaluated as odds ratio that was adjusted for age, sex, and smoking status...
November 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Ani A Elias, Ismail Rabbi, Peter Kulakow, Jean-Luc Jannink
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is an important staple food in sub-Saharan Africa. Breeding experiments were conducted at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture in cassava to select elite parents. Taking into account the heterogeneity in the field while evaluating these trials can increase the accuracy in estimation of breeding values. We used an exploratory approach using the parametric spatial kernels Power, Spherical, and Gaussian to determine the best kernel for a given scenario. The spatial kernel was fit simultaneously with a genomic kernel in a genomic selection model...
January 4, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Muhammad Wasim, Fazli Rabbi Awan, Haq Nawaz Khan, Abdul Tawab, Mazhar Iqbal, Hina Ayesha
Inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) are a group of inherited metabolic disorders which are caused by mutations in the specific genes that lead to impaired proteins or enzymes production. Different metabolic pathways are perturbed due to the deficiency or lack of enzymes. To date, more than 500 IEMs have been reported with most of them being untreatable. However, fortunately 91 such disorders are potentially treatable, if diagnosed at an earlier stage of life. IEMs have been classified into different categories and one class of IEMs, characterized by the physiological disturbances of amino acids is called as aminoacidopathies...
April 2018: Biochemical Genetics
Shlomo Guzmen-Carmali, Asaf Sharabi
This paper, based on fieldwork conducted in a Jerusalem yeshiva, describes how the yeshiva, a traditional institute of religious studies, also serves as an institution of healing and personal therapy in which sacred religious texts assume a central place. The article focuses on personal sessions between the rabbi who heads the yeshiva, and his audience of believers who turn to him for help in coping with personal hardships and tribulations. The paper contextualizes and elaborates upon the concept of 'deep healing' to describe how the rabbi uses his regular 'tool kit' to diagnose the problems of the person facing him and to offer optimal, personalized therapy...
October 30, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
Misbah Hussain, Fazli Rabbi Awan, Amna Gujjar, Shakir Hafeez, Mehboob Islam
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is a key component of renin angiotensin aldosterone system. It converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II. Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of ACE gene is found associated with several complications. However, its association with hypertension and related metabolic diseases is still controversial. So, the aim of the present study was to check this association for Punjabi population from Faisalabad, Pakistan. For this purpose, blood samples (patients = 100, controls = 48) were collected and several biochemical parameters were measured...
October 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
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