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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050658/addressing-health-disparities-from-within-the-community-community-based-participatory-research-and-community-health-worker-policy-initiatives-using-a-gender-based-approach
#1
Sara E Simonsen, Brenda Ralls, Anna Guymon, Teresa Garrett, Patricia Eisenman, Jeannette Villalta, O Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Valentine Mukundente, France A Davis, Kathleen Digre, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Coalition for a Healthier Community for Utah Women and Girls (CHC-UWAG) focused on addressing obesity-related health disparities impacting Utah women of color using community-based participatory research, a gender-based approach, and culturally sensitive health promotion activities delivered through community health workers (CHWs). A randomized trial of low vs. high intensity wellness coaching by CHWs was initiated. During this process, numerous policy issues emerged and were tracked...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050656/promoting-policy-development-through-community-participatory-approaches-to-health-promotion-the-philadelphia-ujima-experience
#2
Candace Robertson-James, Lidyvez Sawyer, Ana Núñez, Bernadette Campoli, Diana Robertson, Amanda DeVilliers, Sharon Congleton, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Philadelphia Ujima Coalition for a Healthier Community (Philadelphia Ujima) promotes health improvement of girls, women, and their families using a gender framework and community-based participatory research approach to addressing gender-based disparities. Institutional policies developed through community-based participatory research approaches are integral to sustaining gender-integrated health-promotion programs and necessary for reducing gender health inequities. This paper describes the results of a policy analysis of the Philadelphia Ujima coalition partner sites and highlights two case studies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043918/-being-able-to-speak-what-individuals-in-jail-perceived-as-helpful-about-participating-in-alcohol-related-brief-interventions
#3
Mandy D Owens, Megan Kirouac, Kylee Hagler, Lauren N Rowell, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of individuals within the criminal justice system meet criteria for a substance use disorder. Treatments for individuals who are incarcerated with substance use disorders show minimal to no benefit on post-release outcomes, suggesting a need to improve their effectiveness, particularly those that can be delivered in a brief format. The purpose of this study was to describe what individuals in jail with substance use disorders perceived as being helpful about two brief alcohol-focused interventions, which can be used to inform future treatments with this population...
October 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039710/one-year-mixed-methods-case-study-of-a-community-academic-advisory-board-addressing-childhood-obesity
#4
Jamie Zoellner, Jennie L Hill, Donna Brock, Morgan L Barlow, Ramine Alexander, Fabiana Brito, Bryan Price, Corliss L Jones, Ruby Marshall, Paul A Estabrooks
OBJECTIVE: Using a community-based participatory research and systems-based approach, the purpose of this community case study is to describe the planning process and first-year experiences of community-academic advisory board (CAB) partners involved with the development of an evidence-based childhood obesity treatment program in a medically underserved region. METHOD: Regional community partners ( n = 9; Pittsylvania/Danville Health District, Children's Healthcare Center, Danville Parks & Recreation, and Danville Boys & Girls Club) and academic partners ( n = 9) met monthly to select and adapt an evidence-based childhood obesity program, develop evaluation and recruitment protocols, and plan for program implementation...
November 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034670/-community-based-research-in-therapeutic-patient-education-practices-and-contributions-a-literature-review
#5
Olivia Gross, Vincent de Andrade, Rémi Gagnayre
INTRODUCTION: Community-based research (CBR) in health involves both researchers and people concerned by the results of the research. It aims to empower populations, using their exposure to the phenomenon being studied as a starting point. The use of CBR in the field of therapeutic patient education (TPE) is of interest, as the two share such characteristics as the desire to foster self-reliance and participation and a culture of interdisciplinarity. AIM: To characterize CBR in the therapeutic patient education field...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021131/participatory-disease-surveillance-engaging-communities-directly-in-reporting-monitoring-and-responding-to-health-threats
#6
Mark S Smolinski, Adam W Crawley, Jennifer M Olsen, Tanvi Jayaraman, Marlo Libel
BACKGROUND: Since 2012, the International Workshop on Participatory Surveillance (IWOPS) has served as an informal network to share best practices, consult on analytic methods, and catalyze innovation to advance the burgeoning method of direct engagement of populations in voluntary monitoring of disease. OBJECTIVE: This landscape provides an overview of participatory disease surveillance systems in the IWOPS network and orients readers to this growing field of practice...
October 11, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017531/can-the-collection-of-expired-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-reduce-their-coverage-and-use-sociocultural-aspects-related-to-llin-life-cycle-management-and-use-in-four-districts-in-madagascar
#7
Ambinina Ramanantsoa, Marta Wilson-Barthes, Rindra Rahenintsoa, Sarah Hoibak, Harilala Ranaivoharimina, Martha Delphine Rahelimalala, Avotiana Rakotomanga, Alyssa Finlay, Joan Muela Ribera, Koen Peeters Grietens
BACKGROUND: There is growing awareness of the likely impact increased numbers of LLINs will have on the environment, if not disposed of or recycled appropriately. As part of a World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) pilot study to assess environmentally-sound and cost-effective LLIN recycling strategies, the USAID-Deliver Project collected 22,559 used bed nets in Madagascar. A social science study was conducted to provide data on socio-cultural factors related to collection and replacement of LLINs, including impact on primary and other net uses...
October 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017337/promoting-face-to-face-dialogue-for-community-engagement-in-a-digital-age
#8
Lynn S Scruby, Mary K Canales, Evelyn Ferguson, David Gregory
Background Health researchers in urban centers recognize the need to engage with inner-city community-based organizations. Funding for face-to-face engagement is often limited because most work done by agencies and academics now focuses on the use of digital technology. Purpose This article presents reflections from a grant project aimed at establishing community engagement between academic health researchers and interdisciplinary inner-city community health and social service providers. Method This study utilized a community-based participatory action approach...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994646/envisioning-eye-care-from-a-rural-perspective-a-photovoice-project-from-india
#9
Padmaja Kumari Rani, Rajita Kasoju, Venkatiah Komara, Raju Kothapalli, Devichandar Choudary, Jyothi Korani, Jachin D Williams, Clifton M Schor, Nance Wilson
Background To understand barriers and promoters for accessing eye care by rural communities, we used a modified approach to Photovoice, a community-based participatory action research approach Methods Community members took photographs and wrote or spoke stories based upon a series of questions intended to facilitate deeper thinking. Fifteen rural paramedical team members who were affiliated with the rural network of L V Prasad Eye Institute, and 60 people from four villages reported barriers and promoters for eye care access for 20 villages Results Important barriers for accessing eye care included the following: no caretaker at home for grandchildren except for the grandparent(s), alcoholism, uncontrolled blood pressure, inadequate diabetes management, lack of escort for blind people and elders, affordability, and inadequate clinic staffing during summer season when farming villagers were available...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993391/evaluating-a-novel-integrated-community-of-care-icoc-for-patients-from-an-urbanised-low-income-community-in-singapore-using-the-participatory-action-research-par-methodology-a-study-protocol
#10
Lian Leng Low, Adlina Maulod, Kheng Hock Lee
INTRODUCTION: Poorer health outcomes and disproportionate healthcare use in socioeconomically disadvantaged patients is well established. However, there is sparse literature on effective integrated care interventions that specifically target these high-risk individuals. The Integrated Community of Care (ICoC) is a novel care model that integrates hospital-based transitional care with health and social care in the community for high-risk individuals living in socially deprived communities...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985385/evaluating-an-indigenous-health-curriculum-for-diabetes-prevention-engaging-the-community-through-talking-circles-and-knowledge-translation-of-results
#11
Maedeh Khayyat Kholghi, Gillian Bartlett, Morgan Phillips, Jon Salsberg, Alex M McComber, Ann C Macaulay
Background: Kahnawà:ke is a Kanien'kehá:ka (Mohawk) community in Quebec, Canada. In 1997, the community-controlled Kateri Memorial Hospital Centre in partnership with the Kahnawake Education Center, and the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP) developed an elementary school diabetes prevention health education program, aimed to increase knowledge of Type 2 diabetes, healthy eating and active lifestyles. Long-term goals for KSDPP community and school interventions are to decrease obesity and diabetes...
July 24, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983879/capturing-forest-dependency-in-the-central-himalayan-region-variations-between-oak-quercus-spp-and-pine-pinus-spp-dominated-forest-landscapes
#12
Anusheema Chakraborty, Pawan Kumar Joshi, Kamna Sachdeva
Our study explores the nexus between forests and local communities through participatory assessments and household surveys in the central Himalayan region. Forest dependency was compared among villages surrounded by oak-dominated forests (n = 8) and pine-dominated forests (n = 9). Both quantitative and qualitative analyses indicate variations in the degree of dependency based on proximity to nearest forest type. Households near oak-dominated forests were more dependent on forests (83.8%) compared to households near pine-dominated forests (69...
October 5, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979231/promoting-awareness-about-psychological-consequences-of-living-in-a-community-oppressed-by-the-mafia-a-group-analytic-intervention
#13
Cecilia Giordano, Giusy Cannizzaro, Crispino Tosto, Laura Pavia, Maria Di Blasi
The effects of the Mafia have been extensively studied from sociological, economic, and historical points of view. However, little research has investigated the influence of the Mafia on individuals and communities in terms of its psychological and social impact. In order to contribute to the advancement of our understanding of the psychological effects of the Mafia on individuals and communities and to promote a participative process of social change, a group analytic intervention was conducted within a Community Based Participatory Research carried out in Corleone, a small Sicilian town with a historically recognized role in the evolution of the Mafia, as well as in the fight against its control...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977373/contextual-factors-for-aging-well-creating-socially-engaging-spaces-through-the-use-of-deliberative-dialogues
#14
Sarah L Canham, Mei Lan Fang, Lupin Battersby, Ryan Woolrych, Judith Sixsmith, Tori Hui Ren, Andrew Sixsmith
Purpose of the Study: Home and community engagement are key contextual factors for aging well, particularly for older adults in vulnerable social positions. A community-based participatory action research project conducted in Western Canada examined how to best use the shared amenity spaces in a low-income seniors' apartment complex in order to connect services and programs with tenants and to provide opportunities for service providers and local stakeholders to build upon and create new relationships toward collaboration and service delivery...
July 25, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973378/understanding-how-indigenous-culturally-based-interventions-can-improve-participants-health-in-canada
#15
Jayne Murdoch-Flowers, Marie-Claude Tremblay, Richard Hovey, Treena Delormier, Katherine Gray-Donald, Elaine Delaronde, Ann C Macaulay
There is increasing recognition that culturally-based diabetes prevention programs can facilitate the adoption and maintenance of healthy behaviours in the communities in which they are implemented. The Kahnawake School Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP) is a health promotion, community-based participatory research project aiming to reduce the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in the community of Kahnawake (Mohawk territory, Canada), with a large range of interventions integrating a Haudenosaunee perspective of health...
September 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972530/health-literacy-in-selected-populations-individuals-families-and-communities-from-the-international-and-cultural-perspective
#16
Diane Levin-Zamir, Angela Yee Man Leung, Sarity Dodson, Gillian Rowlands
International and cultural perspectives of health literacy help deepen the understanding of the global context within which health literacy plays an important role. Throughout this chapter, we explore the significance of health literacy initiatives, interventions, practices, and research for addressing health challenges on a variety of levels in the international and global context. More specifically, in this chapter, the notion of health literacy as a dynamic construct is introduced, after which we examine health literacy throughout the life course, emphasizing the impact of health literacy among children and the elderly in their families and in the community...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970191/lessons-from-the-implementation-of-mo-buzz-a-mobile-pandemic-surveillance-system-for-dengue
#17
May Oo Lwin, Karthikayen Jayasundar, Anita Sheldenkar, Ruwan Wijayamuni, Prasad Wimalaratne, Kacey C Ernst, Schubert Foo
BACKGROUND: Approximately 128 countries and 3.9 billion people are at risk of dengue infection. Incidence of dengue has increased over the past decades, becoming a growing public health concern for countries with populations that are increasingly susceptible to this vector-borne disease, such as Sri Lanka. Almost 55,150 dengue cases were reported in Sri Lanka in 2016, with more than 30.40% of cases (n=16,767) originating from Colombo, which struggles with an outdated manual paper-based dengue outbreak management system...
October 2, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969899/factors-affecting-nutrition-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-hispanic-families-with-young-children-implications-for-obesity-policies-and-programs
#18
Jamie Stang, Zobeida Bonilla
OBJECTIVE: To determine preferred policies and programs to prevent obesity and diabetes as identified by parents and caregivers of 3- to 5-year-old Latino children. DESIGN: Constructs from the Social Ecological Model were used to develop 10 focus group and key informant interview questions. SETTING: Community venues and schools in St Paul, MN. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 64 parents and caregivers and 20 key informants provided comments...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962648/the-challenge-of-complexity-in-evaluating-health-policies-and-programs-the-case-of-women-s-participatory-groups-to-improve-antenatal-outcomes
#19
Sara Van Belle, Susan Rifkin, Bruno Marchal
BACKGROUND: During the last years, randomized designs have been promoted as the cornerstone of evidence-based policymaking. Also in the field of community participation, Random Control Trials (RCTs) have been the dominant design, used for instance to examine the contribution of community participation to health improvement. We aim at clarifying why RCTs and related (quasi-) experimental designs may not be the most appropriate approach to evaluate such complex programmes. RESULTS: We argue that the current methodological debate could be more fruitful if it would start from the position that the choice of designs should fit the nature of the program and research questions rather than be driven by methodological preferences...
September 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962580/citizen-science-applied-to-building-healthier-community-environments-advancing-the-field-through-shared-construct-and-measurement-development
#20
Erica Hinckson, Margaret Schneider, Sandra J Winter, Emily Stone, Milo Puhan, Afroditi Stathi, Michelle M Porter, Paul A Gardiner, Daniela Lopes Dos Santos, Andrea Wolff, Abby C King
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity across the lifespan remains a public health issue for many developed countries. Inactivity has contributed considerably to the pervasiveness of lifestyle diseases. Government, national and local agencies and organizations have been unable to systematically, and in a coordinated way, translate behavioral research into practice that makes a difference at a population level. One approach for mobilizing multi-level efforts to improve the environment for physical activity is to engage in a process of citizen science...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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