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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448941/traditional-healing-practices-in-rural-bangladesh-a-qualitative-investigation
#1
Md Imdadul Haque, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing practice is an important and integral part of healthcare systems in almost all countries of the world. Very few studies have addressed the holistic scenario of traditional healing practices in Bangladesh, although these serve around 80% of the ailing people. This study explored distinctive forms of traditional healing practices in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: During July to October 2007, the study team conducted 64 unstructured interviews, and 18 key informant interviews with traditional healers and patients from Bhabanipur and Jobra, two adjacent villages in Chittagong district, Bangladesh...
February 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445521/a-method-for-co-creation-of-an-evidence-based-patient-workbook-to-address-alcohol-use-when-quitting-smoking-in-primary-care-a-case-study
#2
Nadia Minian, Aliya Noormohamed, Laurie Zawertailo, Dolly Baliunas, Norman Giesbrecht, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
Plain English summary: The purpose of this paper is to describe a patient engagement event designed to create an educational workbook with smokers who drink alcohol at harmful levels. The goal was to create a workbook that combined scientific evidence with patients' values, preferences, and needs. Fourteen adult smokers who drink alcohol were invited to the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) to take part in a four-hour event to help design the workbook with the CAMH research team...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445418/local-constructions-of-gender-based-violence-amongst-idps-in-northern-uganda-analysis-of-archival-data-collected-using-a-gender-and-age-segmented-participatory-ranking-methodology
#3
Alastair Ager, Carolyn Bancroft, Elizabeth Berger, Lindsay Stark
Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant problem in conflict-affected settings. Understanding local constructions of such violence is crucial to developing preventive and responsive interventions to address this issue. Methods: This study reports on a secondary analysis of archived data collected as part of formative qualitative work - using a group participatory ranking methodology (PRM) - informing research on the prevalence of GBV amongst IDPs in northern Uganda in 2006...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444325/evaluation-of-the-dissemination-of-snax-a-middle-school-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-within-a-large-us-school-district
#4
Laura M Bogart, Chong-Min Fu, Jodi Eyraud, Burton O Cowgill, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Kimberly Uyeda, David J Klein, Marc N Elliott, Mark A Schuster
Few evidence-based school obesity-prevention programs are disseminated. We used community-based participatory research principles to disseminate an evidence-based middle-school obesity-prevention program, Students for Nutrition and eXercise (SNaX), to a large, primarily Latino, school district. In the 2014-2015 school year, we trained a district "champion" to provide training and technical assistance to schools and supplied print- and web-based materials (www.snaxinschools.org). In one district region, 18 of 26 schools agreed to participate...
February 12, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439691/what-matters-most-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-breast-cancer-surgery-encounter-decision-aids-across-socioeconomic-strata
#5
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata West Yen, A James O'Malley, Mary C Politi, Shubhada Dhage, Kari Rosenkranz, Katie Weichman, Julie Margenthaler, Anna N A Tosteson, Eloise Crayton, Sherrill Jackson, Ann Bradley, Robert J Volk, Karen Sepucha, Elissa Ozanne, Sanja Percac-Lima, Julia Song, Jocelyn Acosta, Nageen Mir, Glyn Elwyn
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women. Mastectomy and breast-conserving surgery (BCS) have equivalent survival for early stage breast cancer. However, each surgery has different benefits and harms that women may value differently. Women of lower socioeconomic status (SES) diagnosed with early stage breast cancer are more likely to experience poorer doctor-patient communication, lower satisfaction with surgery and decision-making, and higher decision regret compared to women of higher SES...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433342/promoting-resilience-breaking-the-intergenerational-cycle-of-adverse-childhood-experiences
#6
Briana A Woods-Jaeger, Bridget Cho, Chris C Sexton, Lauren Slagel, Kathy Goggin
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), including trauma exposure, parent mental health problems, and family dysfunction, put children at risk for disrupted brain development and increased risk for later health problems and mortality. These negative effects may be prevented by resilience promoting environments that include protective caregiving relationships. We sought to understand (1) parents' experiences of ACEs, (2) the perceived impact on parenting, (3) protective factors that buffer ACEs potential negative impact, and (4) supports and services that can reduce the number and severity of ACEs and promote resilience among children exposed to early adversity...
February 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428297/improving-drug-policy-the-potential-of-broader-democratic-participation
#7
Alison Ritter, Kari Lancaster, Rosalyn Diprose
Policies concerned with illicit drugs vex governments. While the 'evidence-based policy' paradigm argues that governments should be informed by 'what works', in practice policy makers rarely operate this way. Moreover the evidence-based policy paradigm fails to account for democratic participatory processes, particularly how community members and people who use drugs might be included. The aim of this paper is to explore the political science thinking about democratic participation and the potential afforded in 'deliberative democracy' approaches, such as Citizens Juries and other mini-publics for improved drug policy processes...
February 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422421/two-year-process-evaluation-of-a-pilot-program-to-increase-elementary-children-s-physical-activity-during-school
#8
Collin A Webster, R Glenn Weaver, Cate A Egan, Ali Brian, Spyridoula Vazou
The purpose of this study was to examine implementation processes in elementary classrooms during a 2-year (Fall 2014 to Spring 2016) pilot intervention program, Partnerships for Active Children in Elementary Schools (PACES). We examined (a) the effect of PACES on the extent of movement integration (MI) and (b) changes in teachers' perceptions regarding MI. Purposively selected classrooms (grades 1-3) across four schools (3 intervention, 1 control) participated in the study. The sample included classroom teachers (N = 12) in Fall 2014 and Spring 2015, but the number of participants dropped to eight in Fall 2015 and Spring 2016...
February 2, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420196/enhanced-patient-research-participation-a-photovoice-study-in-blantyre-malawi
#9
Maya Jane Bates, Jane Ardrey, Treza Mphwatiwa, Stephen Bertel Squire, Louis Willem Niessen
OBJECTIVES: Patient involvement in palliative care research is a desirable if challenging goal. Photovoice is an action research method in which affected communities gather photographs to document and discuss their communities' strengths and concerns. Engagement with policymakers is a separately stated goal. Photovoice is increasingly used in health-related research but has not been widely described in the palliative care literature. We report on experiences and lessons learnt using Photovoice in Blantyre, Malawi to encourage its wider use in research and practice...
February 1, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418053/preparing-researchers-for-patient-and-public-involvement-in-scientific-research-development-of-a-hands-on-learning-approach-through-action-research
#10
Maarten de Wit, Anna Beurskens, Barbara Piškur, Esther Stoffers, Albine Moser
BACKGROUND: Acquiring the theoretical and practical knowhow of conducting patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is not part of the traditional curriculum of researchers. Zuyd University of Applied Sciences and Huis voor de Zorg, a regional umbrella patient organization, therefore started a 1.5-year coaching programme. OBJECTIVE: To establish a community of practice by developing a PPI coaching programme for senior and junior health services researchers of Zuyd University...
February 8, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417296/participatory-implementation-science-to-increase-the-impact-of-evidence-based-cancer-prevention-and-control
#11
Shoba Ramanadhan, Melinda M Davis, Rebecca Armstrong, Barbara Baquero, Linda K Ko, Jennifer C Leng, Ramzi G Salloum, Nicole A Vaughn, Ross C Brownson
It is critical to accelerate the integration of evidence-based programs, practices, and strategies for cancer prevention and control into clinical, community, and public health settings. While it is clear that effective translation of existing knowledge into practice can reduce cancer burden, it is less clear how best to achieve this. This gap is addressed by the rapidly growing field of implementation science. Given that context influences and is influenced by implementation efforts, engaging stakeholders in the co-production of knowledge and solutions offers an opportunity to increase the likelihood that implementation efforts are useful, scalable, and sustainable in real-world settings...
February 7, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415558/-something-needs-to-change-mental-health-experiences-of-young-autistic-adults-in-england
#12
Laura Crane, Fern Adams, Georgia Harper, Jack Welch, Elizabeth Pellicano
There is a high incidence and prevalence of mental health problems among young people, with several barriers to help-seeking noted in this group. High rates of mental health problems have also been reported in children and adults on the autism spectrum. Taken together, young autistic people may be a particularly vulnerable group when it comes to mental health. Yet, there has been remarkably little work on the mental health needs and experiences of young autistic adults (16-25 years). Adopting a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach - in which academic researchers and young autistic adults collaborated in an equitable research partnership - we explored young autistic people's experiences of mental health problems and their perspectives on the support they sought, if any, for these problems...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408304/participatory-research-to-advance-colon-cancer-prevention-prompt-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-trial
#13
Jamie H Thompson, Melinda Davis, Michael C Leo, Jennifer L Schneider, David H Smith, Amanda F Petrik, Melissa Castillo, Brittany Younger, Gloria D Coronado
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. The Participatory Research to Advance Colon Cancer Prevention (PROMPT) study is a collaboration between two research institutions and a federally qualified health center (FQHC). The study seeks to raise colon cancer screening rates using a direct-mail fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) and reminder program in an FQHC serving a predominantly Latino population in California. METHODS: PROMPT is a pragmatic trial enrolling 16 clinics...
February 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402108/the-evolution-of-the-kelley-community-capacity-development-model-for-palliative-care
#14
Mary Lou Kelley
This oral presentation will describe the conceptual evolution of the Kelley model for Community Capacity Development [2000-2016]. It will illustrate how and why the model changed to become a powerful Canadian example of a public health approach to developing community based palliative care programs. Based on conducting participatory action research in rural, First Nations communities and long-term care homes, the perspective of "community" gradually expanded beyond health care professionals to include natural helpers, front line care providers, formal and informal community leaders, and social services...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402106/creating-a-sustainable-participatory-palliative-care-programme-in-an-urban-slum-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#15
Nezamuddin Ahmad
The Centre for Palliative Care, based at the only medical university [Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU)] in Dhaka, Bangladesh, in collaboration with Worldwide Hospice Palliative Care Alliance, piloted a one-year project focussed on improving the quality of life of 100 older people and their families in two slum settings in Dhaka. This project was developed following the identification of significant palliative care needs of older people in the slum settings. In addition, the project was formed in response to the absence of programmes delivering palliative care to the poorest and most marginalised in poor urban settings, in a sustainable manner within the context of the low development of palliative care and the human and financial resource limitations in Bangladesh...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402097/lessons-we-are-learning-using-participatory-action-research-to-integrate-palliative-care-health-promotion-and-public-health-through-the-d%C3%A3-bra-research-program-in-sweden
#16
Carol Tishelman
Public health and health promotion approaches to end-of-life (EoL) research and care are still rare in Sweden. People remain generally ill-prepared for encounters with death and unable to advocate for quality EoL care; this may be reflected in Sweden's low scores for community engagement in the 2015 Quality of Death index. We have consolidated our endeavours into a cohesive national transdisciplinary research program, DöBra (a pun meaning both 'dying well' and 'awesome' in Swedish). In DöBra, we investigate how culture, the environment and conversation can promote constructive change and support better quality of life and death among the general population, in specific subgroups and in interventions directed to staff caring for dying individuals, their friends and families...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401706/conceptualizing-and-managing-medical-emergencies-where-no-formal-paramedical-system-exists-perspectives-from-a-remote-indigenous-community-in-canada
#17
Jeffrey Curran, Stephen D Ritchie, Jackson Beardy, David VanderBurgh, Karen Born, John Lewko, Aaron M Orkin
(1) Background: Remote communities in Canada lack an equitable emergency medical response capacity compared to other communities. Community-based emergency care (CBEC) training for laypeople is a model that has the potential to enhance the medical emergency response capacity in isolated and resource-limited contexts. The purpose of this study was to understand the characteristics of medical emergencies and to conceptualize and present a framework for what a medical emergency is for one remote Indigenous community in northwestern Ontario, in order to inform the development of CBEC training...
February 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401222/older-coresearchers-exploring-age-friendly-communities-an-insider-perspective-on-the-benefits-and-challenges-of-peer-research
#18
Tine Buffel
Background and Objectives: A growing body of work suggests that co- or peer-research may contribute to understanding the complex health and social problems experienced in later life. Yet, only a limited number of studies have involved older persons as partners in the research process. Moreover, in conflict with the philosophy of participatory research, the views of those acting as coresearchers tend to be ignored. This paper gives an "insider" account of the process of coresearch, drawing upon the experiences of older people trained to undertake a community-based research project...
February 1, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399934/predictors-of-health-promoting-behaviors-in-children-from-low-income-families-an-ecological-approach
#19
Jiyoung Park
In this study, we investigated the ecological factors that influence health-promoting behaviors in children from low-income families in South Korea using a descriptive correlational design. The participants included 297 elementary school students who used community childcare centers, 297 caregivers, and 68 teachers at the centers. Data were collected using a structured self-report survey, and were subjected to a multi-level regression analysis. The factors influencing the health-promoting behaviors of children were as follows: self-efficacy and self-regulation as intrapersonal factors; caregivers' parenting behavior and peer relationships as interpersonal factors; and the number of months since the centers' establishment, teachers workloads, and centers' perceived environments as institutional factors...
February 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399643/recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-the-community-of-voices-choir-study-to-promote-the-health-and-well-being-of-diverse-older-adults
#20
Julene K Johnson, Steven E Gregorich, Michael Acree, Anna M Nápoles, Jason D Flatt, Dana Pounds, Alexandria Pabst, Anita L Stewart
Objective: To describe the recruitment and baseline results of the Community of Voices study that aims to examine the effect of a community choir intervention on the health and well-being of older adults from diverse racial/ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds. Method: Using community-based participatory research methods, we recruited adults age 60 and over from 12 Administration on Aging-supported senior centers in San Francisco into a 2-arm cluster-randomized controlled trial of the community choir intervention...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
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