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Community based participatory

Chantal Backman, Dawn Stacey, Michelle Crick, Danielle Cho-Young, Patricia B Marck
BACKGROUND: Older adults with multiple chronic conditions typically have more complex care needs that require multiple transitions between healthcare settings. Poor care transitions often lead to fragmentation in care, decreased quality of care, and increased adverse events. Emerging research recommends the strong need to engage patients and families to improve the quality of their care. However, there are gaps in evidence on the most effective approaches for fully engaging patients/clients and families in their transitional care...
June 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Tonya MacDonald, Suzanne Jackson, Marie-Carmèle Charles, Marius Periel, Marie-Véna Jean-Baptiste, Alex Salomon, Éveillard Premilus
BACKGROUND: In Haiti, the number of women dying in pregnancy, during childbirth and the weeks after giving birth remains unacceptably high. The objective of this research was to explore determinants of maternal mortality in rural Haiti through Community-Based Action Research (CBAR), guided by the delays that lead to maternal death. This paper focuses on socioecological determinants of maternal mortality from the perspectives of women of near-miss maternal experiences and community members, and their solutions to reduce maternal mortality in their community...
June 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Jutta Gutberlet, Sayed Mohammad Nazim Uddin
Household waste has evolved into a core urban challenge, with increased quantities of waste being generated and with more complex material compositions, often containing toxic and hazardous elements. Critical systems theory understands cities as urban metabolisms, with different material and energy flows, highlighting the circularity in production, consumption, and discard. Waste pickers in low- and medium-income countries work on dumps and landfills, sifting through highly contaminated household waste and are exposed to health hazards...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Kamilla L Venner, Dennis M Donovan, Aimee N C Campbell, Dennis C Wendt, Traci Rieckmann, Sandra M Radin, Sandra L Momper, Carmen L Rosa
The U.S. is experiencing an alarming opioid epidemic, and although American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) are especially hard hit, there is a paucity of opioid-related treatment research with these communities. AI/ANs are second only to Whites in the U.S. for overdose mortality. Thus, the National Institute on Drug Abuse convened a meeting of key stakeholders to elicit feedback on the acceptability and uptake of medication assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorders (OUDs) among AI/ANs. Five themes from this one-day meeting emerged: 1) the mismatch between Western secular and reductionistic medicine and the AI/AN holistic healing tradition; 2) the need to integrate MAT into AI/AN traditional healing; 3) the conflict between standardized MAT delivery and the traditional AI/AN desire for healing to include being medicine free; 4) systemic barriers; and 5) the need to improve research with AI/ANs using culturally relevant methods...
May 23, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Betty-Shannon Prevatt, Evan M Lowder, Sarah L Desmarais
OBJECTIVE: Postpartum mood disorders represent a serious problem affecting 10-20% of women and support groups offer a promising intervention modality. The current study examined participant satisfaction with and effectiveness of a peer-facilitated postpartum support group. INTERVENTION: The program consists of a free, peer-support group, developed to increase social support and destigmatise postpartum mood symptoms. The weekly group is co-facilitated by former group attendees and maternal health professionals...
May 31, 2018: Midwifery
Benjamin J Oldfield, Barbara J Tinney, James M Dodington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2018: Pediatric Research
Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette, Yeon-Shim Lee
Although cancer disparities among American Indian (AI) women are alarming, research on spiritual coping among this population is virtually nonexistent. This is particularly problematic, given the importance of medical practitioners' discussing the topic with cancer patients, along with the centrality of spirituality to many AI patients. The purpose of this article was to explore AI women cancer survivors' spiritual coping with their experiences. Using a community-based participatory research approach, this qualitative descriptive study included a sample of 43 AI women cancer survivors (n = 14 breast cancer, n = 14 cervical cancer, and n = 15 colon and other types of cancer)...
June 12, 2018: Health & Social Work
Melanie Ward, Amy J Schulz, Barbara A Israel, Kristina Rice, Sheena E Martenies, Evan Markarian
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches present strong opportunities to promote health equity by improving health within low-income communities and communities of color. CBPR principles and evaluation frameworks highlight an emphasis on equitable group dynamics (e.g., shared leadership and power, participatory decision-making, two-way open communication) that promote both equitable processes within partnerships and health equity in the communities with whom they engage. The development of an evaluation framework that describes the manner in which equitable group dynamics promote intermediate and long-term equity outcomes can aid partners in assessing their ability to work together effectively and improve health equity in the broader community...
April 30, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Nguyen Toan Tran, Mary Eluned Gaffield, Armando Seuc, Sihem Landoulsi, Wambi Maurice E Yamaego, Asa Cuzin-Kihl, Seni Kouanda, Blandine Thieba, Désiré Mashinda, Rachel Yodi, James Kiarie, Suzanne Reier
BACKGROUND: Postpartum family planning (PPFP) information and services can prevent maternal and child morbidity and mortality in low-resource countries, where high unmet need for PPFP remains despite opportunities offered by routine postnatal care visits. This study aims to identify a package of PPFP interventions and determine its effectiveness on the uptake of contraceptive methods during the first year postpartum. We hypothesize that implementing a PPFP intervention package that is designed to strengthen existing antenatal and postnatal care services will result in an increase in contraceptive use...
June 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jacob Kraemer Tebes
Science increasingly consists of interdisciplinary team-based research to address complex social, biomedical, public health, and global challenges through a practice known as team science. In this article, I discuss the added value of team science, including participatory team science, for generating scientific knowledge. Participatory team science involves the inclusion of public stakeholders on science teams as co-producers of knowledge. I also discuss how constructivism offers a common philosophical foundation for both community psychology and team science, and how this foundation aligns well with contemporary developments in science that emphasize the co-production of knowledge...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
Megan B Knapp, Megan T Hall, Adrienne R Mundorf, Kerrie L Partridge, Carolyn C Johnson
INTRODUCTION: While school-based kitchen garden programs are shown to improve fruit and vegetable consumption and knowledge among children, there has been little research on participant perceptions of these programs, specifically among minority populations that are disproportionately affected by and at high risk for overweight and obesity. This qualitative study examined the perceptions of and values associated with participation in school-based kitchen garden programs implemented through Edible Schoolyard New Orleans in low-income, predominantly African American schools in New Orleans, Louisiana...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Pearl A McElfish, Ramey Moore, Melisa Laelan, Britni L Ayers
CONTEXT: Arkansas currently has the largest Marshallese community in the continental US. The limited research available demonstrates that Marshallese have significant health disparities, with higher rates of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and infectious diseases than the US population. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is 2-fold: (1) to describe the formation and capacity building efforts of a community-based participatory research partnership with the Marshallese community in Arkansas and (2) to describe key findings and lessons learned from 5 years of collaborative research...
May 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Elizabeth R Paré, Katherine Body, Sarah Gilstorf, Jennifer Lucarelli
Disparities in minority health are strongly associated with reduced access to culturally familiar food and physical activity opportunities. This qualitative study explores a Midwest, urban Hispanic/Latino community, the members' experiences with their multidimensional environment and its influence on their nutrition and physical activity choices. Using the principles of community-based participatory research in collaboration with a trusted, local Hispanic/Latino community agency, we conducted five bilingual focus groups with a total of 46 self-selected participants (44 women and 2 men)...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Karin Friederic, Brian J Burke
Under President Rafael Correa (2007-2017), Ecuador's Ministry of Health established a state-centred health care regime that incorporates elements of Latin American social medicine into post-neoliberalism. These initiatives - which are part of 'The National Plan for Good Living (Buen Vivir)' - include free healthcare, greater attention to social determinants of health, a focus on equity and inclusion, and increased coordination across welfare, health, and development sectors. However, the reforms also use health services to build a sense of inclusive, participatory citizenship, with the Ecuadorean state as the central figure in service provision...
June 5, 2018: Global Public Health
A Ngorima, C M Shackleton
The negative effects of invasive alien species (IAS) are increasingly invoked to justify widespread and usually top-down approaches for their management or eradication. However, very little of the research or discourse is based on investigating local perceptions, uses and struggles with IAS, and how their presence influences and changes local livelihoods. The objective of this study was to assess the perceptions and livelihood uses of Acacia dealbata by local communities at three localities in the montane grasslands of the Eastern Cape, South Africa, using a combination of random household interviews, focus group discussions and participatory tools...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Bonnie Duran, Dedra Buchwald
Multilevel and community-level interventions that target the social determinants of health and ultimately health disparities are seldom conducted in Native American communities. To contextualize the importance of multilevel and community-level interventions, major contributors to and causes of health disparities in Native communities are highlighted. Among the many documented socioeconomic factors influencing health are poverty, low educational attainment, and lack of insurance. Well-recognized health disparities include obesity, diabetes, and hypertension...
June 2, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Rani Polak, David Pober, Avigail Morris, Rakefet Arieli, Margaret Moore, Elliot Berry, Mati Ziv
The Community Culinary Coaching Program is a community-based participatory program aimed at improving communal settlement residents' nutrition. The residents, central kitchens, preschools, and communal dining rooms were identified as areas for intervention. Evaluation included goals accomplishment assessed by food purchases by the central kitchens, and residents' feedback through focus groups. Purchasing included more vegetables (mean (standard error) percent change), (+7% (4); P = .32), fish (+115% (11); P < ...
July 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Claire Townsend Ing, Mele A Look, Rebecca Delafield, Ka'imi Sinclair
CONTEXT: Obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) have reached epidemic proportions among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (NHPI). Culturally responsive interventions that account for their interpersonal, sociocultural and socioeconomic realities are a public health priority. OBJECTIVE: To describe cultural adaptation and culturally grounded approaches to developing health interventions for NHPI and to review the culturally responsive approaches used by, and outcomes from, two long-standing community-based participatory research projects (CBPR) in Hawai'i: PILI 'Ohana and KāHOLO Projects...
May 29, 2018: Annals of Human Biology
Ulla Toft, Paul Bloch, Helene C Reinbach, Lise L Winkler, Tine Buch-Andersen, Jens Aagaard-Hansen, Bent Egberg Mikkelsen, Bjarne Bruun Jensen, Charlotte Glümer
Project SoL was implemented over a period of four years from 2012⁻2015 with the aim to promote healthy eating and physical activity among families with children aged 3⁻8 years, living in selected communities in two Danish municipalities. This was done by applying the supersetting approach to implement complex multi-component interventions in a participatory, coordinated, and integrated manner in childcare centres, schools, and supermarkets in three local communities, as well as in local media during a 19-month period in the Regional Municipality of Bornholm, which served as the intervention site...
May 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jacqueline Panter, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen, Arja R Aro, Anastasia Samara
Aim: Effective evidence-based interventions have an important role in obesity prevention. Our aim was to present a qualitative synthesis of setting-based health promotion interventions on obesity, from Nordic countries and the Netherlands. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was completed for studies in the community, schools, and worksite, with BMI as an outcome. A descriptive analysis was completed for all full-text articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
2018: Journal of Obesity
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