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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429061/natural-resource-management-schemes-as-entry-points-for-integrated-landscape-approaches-evidence-from-ghana-and-burkina-faso
#1
Samson Foli, Mirjam A F Ros-Tonen, James Reed, Terry Sunderland
In recognition of the failures of sectoral approaches to overcome global challenges of biodiversity loss, climate change, food insecurity and poverty, scientific discourse on biodiversity conservation and sustainable development is shifting towards integrated landscape governance arrangements. Current landscape initiatives however very much depend on external actors and funding, raising the question of whether, and how, and under what conditions, locally embedded resource management schemes can serve as entry points for the implementation of integrated landscape approaches...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428165/a-framework-for-the-study-of-complex-mhealth-interventions-in-diverse-cultural-settings
#2
Marion A Maar, Karen Yeates, Nancy Perkins, Lisa Boesch, Diane Hua-Stewart, Peter Liu, Jessica Sleeth, Sheldon W Tobe
BACKGROUND: To facilitate decision-making capacity between options of care under real-life service conditions, clinical trials must be pragmatic to evaluate mobile health (mHealth) interventions under the variable conditions of health care settings with a wide range of participants. The mHealth interventions require changes in the behavior of patients and providers, creating considerable complexity and ambiguity related to causal chains. Process evaluations of the implementation are necessary to shed light on the range of unanticipated effects an intervention may have, what the active ingredients in everyday practice are, how they exert their effect, and how these may vary among recipients or between sites...
April 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426678/nutrition-education-improves-dietary-diversity-of-children-6-23-months-at-community-level-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-malawi
#3
Judith Kuchenbecker, Anika Reinbott, Beatrice Mtimuni, Michael B Krawinkel, Irmgard Jordan
BACKGROUND: Low dietary quality and quantity and inappropriate feeding practices can cause undernutrition. Poor nutritional status in early childhood is associated with growth faltering. The objective of the study was to assess the potential of community-based nutrition education to improve height-for-age z-scores in children 6-23 months of age. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We carried out a cluster-randomized-controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of nutrition education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416084/a-conceptual-framework-for-negotiating-public-involvement-in-municipal-waste-management-decision-making-in-the-uk
#4
Kenisha Garnett, Tim Cooper, Philip Longhurst, Simon Jude, Sean Tyrrel
The technical expertise that politicians relied on in the past to produce cost-effective and environmentally sound solutions no longer provides sufficient justification to approve waste facilities. Local authorities need to find more effective ways to involve stakeholders and communities in decision-making since public acceptance of municipal waste facilities is integral to delivering effective waste strategies. This paper presents findings from a research project that explored attitudes towards greater levels of public involvement in UK waste management decision-making...
April 13, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414008/implementation-utilization-and-influence-of-a-community-based-participatory-nutrition-promotion-programme-in-rural-ethiopia-programme-impact-pathway-analysis
#5
Yunhee Kang, Seungman Cha, Sarah Yeo, Parul Christian
OBJECTIVE: A community-based participatory nutrition promotion (CPNP) programme, involving a 2-week group nutrition session, attempted to improve child feeding and hygiene. The implementation, utilization and influence of the CPNP programme were examined by programme impact pathway (PIP) analysis. DESIGN: Five CPNP programme components were evaluated: (i) degree of implementation; (ii) participants' perception of the nutrition sessions; (iii) participants' message recall; (iv) utilization of feeding and hygiene practices at early programme stage; and (v) participants' engagement in other programmes...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407068/a-successful-model-for-longitudinal-community-engaged-health-research-the-2040-partners-for-health-student-program
#6
Romany M Redman, Magdalena C Reinsvold, Anireddy Reddy, Paige E Bennett, Janine M Hoerauf, Kristina M Puls, Alida R Ovrutsky, Alexandra R Ly, Gregory White, Owetta McNeil, Janet J Meredith
Introduction.: Community-based participatory research [CBPR] is an emerging approach to collaborative research aimed at creating locally effective and sustainable interventions. The 2040 Partners for Health student program was developed as a unique model of longitudinal CBPR. Analysis of this program and its components illuminates both the challenges and the opportunities inherent in community engagement. Methods.: The program rests on a foundation of a community-based, non-profit organization and a supportive academic university centre...
April 12, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#7
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405897/culturally-relevant-online-cancer-education-modules-empower-alaska-s-community-health-aides-practitioners-to-disseminate-cancer-information-and-reduce-cancer-risk
#8
Katie Cueva, Laura Revels, Melany Cueva, Anne P Lanier, Mark Dignan, K Viswanath, Teresa T Fung, Alan C Geller
To address a desire for timely, medically accurate cancer education in rural Alaska, ten culturally relevant online learning modules were developed with, and for, Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps). The project was guided by the framework of Community-Based Participatory Action Research, honored Indigenous Ways of Knowing, and was informed by Empowerment Theory. A total of 428 end-of-module evaluation surveys were completed by 89 unique Alaska CHA/Ps between January and December 2016. CHA/Ps shared that as a result of completing the modules, they were empowered to share cancer information with their patients, families, friends, and communities, as well as engage in cancer risk reduction behaviors such as eating healthier, getting cancer screenings, exercising more, and quitting tobacco...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389420/the-reviews-are-in-a-qualitative-content-analysis-of-consumer-perspectives-on-apps-for-bipolar-disorder
#9
Jennifer Nicholas, Andrea S Fogarty, Katherine Boydell, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: The delivery of mobile health (mHealth) services is acceptable to mental health consumers. However, despite the benefits of accessibility, cost-effectiveness, anonymity, and ability to tailor content to individual needs, consumer engagement remains a hurdle for uptake and continued use. This may be unsurprising as few studies have examined app content from the consumer perspective or assessed consumer preferences for the content of apps for mental health management. An opportunity to examine consumer perspectives exists in using naturally generated data that is publically available in the Google Play and Apple app stores...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387794/engaging-african-american-women-in-research-an-approach-to-eliminate-health-disparities-in-the-african-american-community
#10
Joedrecka S Brown Speights, Alexandra C H Nowakowski, Jessica De Leon, M Miaisha Mitchell, Ivana Simpson
Objective: To explore the success of community-based participatory research [CBPR] in engaging African American women to achieve health equity by elucidating community, trust, communication and impact. Recommendations helpful for researchers interested in engaging communities to achieve health equity in the USA are included. Inroduction: African American women experience health disparities of multifactorial etiology and are underrepresented in research. CBPR is a collaborative approach that incorporates perspectives, which address the intricate determinants of health and has been reported as an effective means to address health disparities...
April 6, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383981/building-community-resilience-to-violent-extremism-through-genuine-partnerships
#11
B Heidi Ellis, Saida Abdi
What is community resilience in relation to violent extremism, and how can we build it? This article explores strategies to harness community assets that may contribute to preventing youth from embracing violent extremism, drawing from models of community resilience as defined in relation to disaster preparedness. Research suggests that social connection is at the heart of resilient communities and any strategy to increase community resilience must both harness and enhance existing social connections, and endeavor to not damage or diminish them...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382582/building-practitioner-networks-to-support-dissemination-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-programs-in-community-settings
#12
Shoba Ramanadhan, Sara Minsky, Vilma Martinez-Dominguez, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
Insufficient capacity to use evidence-based programs (EBPs) limits the impact of community-based organizations (CBOs) to improve population health and address health disparities. PLANET MassCONECT was a community-based participatory research (CBPR) project conducted in three Massachusetts communities. Researchers and practitioners co-created an intervention to build capacity among CBO staff members to systematically find, adapt, and evaluate EBPs. The project supported development of trainee social networks and this cross-sectional study examines the association between network engagement and EBP usage, an important goal of the capacity-building program...
April 5, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376524/social-support-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-low-income-women-findings-from-community-based-participatory-research
#13
Hamisu M Salihu, Korede Adegoke, DeAnne Turner, Dania Al Agili, Estrellita Lo Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between social support and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among low-income women in the southeastern region of the United States. METHODS: Analysis was performed on data from a community needs assessment survey that was designed to explore social determinants of health and QoL indicators using a community-based participatory research approach. The study sample comprised 132 women aged 18 years old and older...
April 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376108/disclosure-bias-for-group-versus-individual-reporting-of-violence-amongst-conflict-affected-adolescent-girls-in-drc-and-ethiopia
#14
Lindsay Stark, Marni Sommer, Kathryn Davis, Khudejha Asghar, Asham Assazenew Baysa, Gizman Abdela, Sophie Tanner, Kathryn Falb
Methodologies to measure gender-based violence (GBV) have received inadequate attention, especially in humanitarian contexts where vulnerabilities to violence are exacerbated. This paper compares the results from individual audio computer-assisted self-administered (ACASI) survey interviews with results from participatory social mapping activities, employed with the same sample in two different post-conflict contexts. Eighty-seven internally displaced adolescent girls from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and 78 Sudanese girls living in Ethiopian refugee camps were interviewed using the two methodologies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363179/integrated-socio-hydrogeological-approach-to-tackle-nitrate-contamination-in-groundwater-resources-the-case-of-grombalia-basin-tunisia
#15
V Re, E Sacchi, S Kammoun, C Tringali, R Trabelsi, K Zouari, S Daniele
Nitrate contamination still remains one of the main groundwater quality issues in several aquifers worldwide, despite the perduring efforts of the international scientific community to effectively tackle this problem. The classical hydrogeological and isotopic investigations are obviously of paramount importance for the characterization of contaminant sources, but are clearly not sufficient for the correct and long-term protection of groundwater resources. This paper aims at demonstrating the effectiveness of the socio-hydrogeological approach as the best tool to tackle groundwater quality issues, while contributing bridging the gap between science and society...
March 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359352/collective-and-negotiated-design-for-a-clinical-trial-addressing-smoking-cessation-supports-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-mothers-in-nsw-sa-and-qld-developing-a-pilot-study
#16
Michelle Bovill, Yael Bar-Zeev, Maree Gruppetta, Peter O'Mara, Brett Cowling, Gillian S Gould
Tobacco smoking leads to one in five deaths of Aboriginal Australians and accounts for 17% of the reversible health gap. One in two Aboriginal women are reported to smoke during pregnancy, with no effective strategies currently available for health practitioners to utilise for supporting Aboriginal women. Aboriginal community participation in primary health research is crucial to implementing ethical research, with a clear benefit to the people and communities involved. However, currently there is little evidence on how Aboriginal programs and interventions are being developed in partnership with Aboriginal people and communities...
March 31, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356752/value-as-the-key-concept-in-the-health-care-system-how-it-has-influenced-medical-practice-and-clinical-decision-making-processes
#17
Chiara Marzorati, Gabriella Pravettoni
In the last 10 years, value has played a key role in the health care system. In this concept, innovations in medical practice and the increasing importance of patient centeredness have contributed to draw the attention of the medical community. Nonetheless, a large consensus on the meaning of "value" is still lacking: patients, physicians, policy makers, and other health care professionals have different ideas on which component of value may play a prominent role. Yet, shared clinical decision-making and patient empowerment have been recognized as fundamental features of the concept of value...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353402/everyday-ethics-of-participation-a-case-study-of-a-cbpr-in-nunavik
#18
Sarah Fraser, Georgia Vrakas, Arlene Laliberté, Raymond Mickpegak
INTRODUCTION: Multiple reports highlight the need for community-based family-oriented prevention services for Aboriginal peoples in order to address important health and social inequalities. Participatory, empowerment-based approaches are generally favoured for these means. Faced with important social issues, in a context of colonisation and complex power dynamics, we question how community members experience participation, as well as the everyday dynamics that take place when attempting to create community-level change...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349049/relationship-between-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-knowledge-hiv-related-stigma-and-hiv-testing-among-young-black-adults-in-a-southeastern-city
#19
Eunice Okumu, David H Jolly, Le'Marus Alston, Natalie T Eley, Michelle Laws, Kathleen M MacQueen
The southeast is identified as the epicenter of the nation's human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, accounting for nearly 44% of all persons living with a HIV diagnosis in the United States. HIV stigma and knowledge have been cited as some of the complex factors increasing risk of acquiring HIV within African-American communities. We sought to understand how HIV knowledge and HIV-related stigma impact HIV testing experience among young Black adults who completed a community-based participatory research survey in a Southeastern city...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344517/economic-evaluation-of-participatory-learning-and-action-with-women-s-groups-facilitated-by-accredited-social-health-activists-to-improve-birth-outcomes-in-rural-eastern-india
#20
Rajesh Kumar Sinha, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Prasanta Kishore Tripathy, Nirmala Nair, Rajkumar Gope, Shibanand Rath, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality remains unacceptably high in many low and middle-income countries, including India. A community mobilisation intervention using participatory learning and action with women's groups facilitated by Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) was conducted to improve maternal and newborn health. The intervention was evaluated through a cluster-randomised controlled trial conducted in Jharkhand and Odisha, eastern India. This aims to assess the cost-effectiveness this intervention...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
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