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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101730/concepts-for-studying-urban-environmental-justice
#1
REVIEW
Jason Corburn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper offers research frameworks for understanding and acting to address urban environmental justice. Urban neighborhoods tend to concentrate and colocate vulnerable people and toxic environments. Cities are also where the poor and people of color tend to be disproportionately exposed to environmental hazards, such as air pollution, lead in paint and water, and polluting industries. RECENT FINDINGS: Researchers and government agencies are increasingly recognizing the need to document cumulative exposures that the urban poor and people of color experience in addition to environmental hazards...
January 18, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094587/applying-theories-to-better-understand-socio-political-challenges-in-implementing-evidence-based-work-disability-prevention-strategies
#2
Christian Ståhl, Katia Costa-Black, Patrick Loisel
PURPOSE: This article explores and applies theories for analyzing socio-political aspects of implementation of work disability prevention (WDP) strategies. METHOD: For the analysis, theories from political science are explained and discussed in relation to case examples from three jurisdictions (Sweden, Brazil and Québec). RESULTS: Implementation of WDP strategies may be studied through a conceptual framework that targets: (1) the institutional system in which policy-makers and other stakeholders reside; (2) the ambiguity and conflicts regarding what to do and how to do it; (3) the bounded rationality, path dependency and social systems of different stakeholders; and (4) coalitions formed by different stakeholders and power relations between them...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093056/using-peer-navigators-to-address-the-integrated-health-care-needs-of-homeless-african-americans-with-serious-mental-illness
#3
Patrick W Corrigan, Dana J Kraus, Susan A Pickett, Annie Schmidt, Ed Stellon, Erin Hantke, Juana Lorena Lara
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the impact of a peer navigator program (PNP) developed by a community-based participatory research team and used with a group of African Americans with serious mental illness who were homeless. METHODS: Sixty-seven research participants were randomly assigned to receive PNP or treatment as usual (control) for one year. Data on general health and mental health, recovery, and quality of life were collected at baseline and at four, eight, and 12 months...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074382/engaging-hmong-adults-in-genomic%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-pharmacogenomic-research-toward-reducing-health-disparities-in-genomic-knowledge-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#4
Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Robert J Straka, MaiKia Moua, Youssef Roman, Pachia Vue, Kang Xiaaj, May Xia Lo, Mai Lor
Advancing precision medicine relies in part on examining populations that may exhibit unique genetic variants that impact clinical outcomes. Failure to include diverse populations in genomic-based research represents a health disparity. We implemented a community-based participatory research (CBPR) process with the Hmong community in Minnesota, who were refugees from Laos, in order to assess the feasibility of conducting genomic and pharmacogenomic-based research for genetic variants that are relevant to the Hmong community...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070219/users-involvement-in-mental-health-services-programme-logic-model-of-an-innovative-initiative-in-integrated-care
#5
Carolane Tremblay, Valérie Coulombe, Catherine Briand
BACKGROUND: Collaboration and partnership are key issues for modern health systems seeking to implement quality integrated care that meets the needs of the population. The Carrefour Communautaire-Institutionnel-Usagers (Connecting Community organisations-Institutions-Users, CCIU), involving community- and institution-based mental health workers, carers and users, is an innovative normative integrated care group (group for shared values, culture and vision) established by the Canadian Mental Health Association-Montreal Branch...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066841/community-based-participatory-research-studies-on-hiv-aids-prevention-2005-2014
#6
Steven S Coughlin
The recent literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches to preventing HIV infection in diverse communities was systematically reviewed as part of the planning process for a new study. Published HIV prevention studies that employed CBPR methods were identified for the period January 1, 2005 to April 30, 2014 using PubMed databases and MeSH term and keyword searches. A total of 44 studies on CBPR and HIV or AIDS prevention were identified, of which 3 focused on adolescents, 33 on adults, and 8 on both adolescents and adults...
April 2016: Jacobs Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036055/do-not-let-them-eat-cake-correlation-of-food-consumption-patterns-among-rural-primary-school-children-from-welfare-and-non-welfare-households
#7
Daniel Terry, Kaye Ervin, Erin Soutter, Renata Spiller, Nicole Dalle Nogare, Andrew John Hamilton
Physical and financial access impacts food choice and consumption, while educational attainment, employment, income, gender, and socioeconomic status are also influential. Within this context, the aim of the paper is to examine the association between various foods consumed and eating patterns of children between low and higher income households. A paper-based survey was completed by parents/carers of children in 41 primary schools in rural and regional areas of Victoria. Data collected included demographics and the consumption of fruit, vegetable, and other foods including drinks...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029131/assessment-of-a-culturally-tailored-sexual-health-education-program-for-african-american-youth
#8
Tiffany Zellner Lawrence, Tabia Henry Akintobi, Assia Miller, Elaine Archie-Booker, Tarita Johnson, Donoria Evans
African American youth are affected disproportionately by sexually transmitted infections (STIs), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and teenage pregnancy when compared to other racial groups. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the To Help Young People Establish (2 HYPE) Abstinence Club, a behavioral intervention designed to promote delayed sexual activity among African American youth ages 12-18 in Atlanta, Georgia. The intervention included 20 h of curriculum and creative arts instruction...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025956/effects-of-a-community-based-nutrition-promotion-programme-on-child-feeding-and-hygiene-practices-among-caregivers-in-rural-eastern-ethiopia
#9
Yunhee Kang, Youn Kyoung Suh, Lemma Debele, Hee-Soon Juon, Parul Christian
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based participatory nutrition promotion (CPNP) programme involving a 2-week group nutrition session in improving child feeding and hygiene practices among caregivers. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial. In the intervention area (six clusters), the CPNP programme was added to the context of government nutrition programmes; the control area (six clusters) received the government programme only. Child feeding practices were assessed every 3 months using a 24 h dietary recall questionnaire, and hand washing with soap was assessed every 6 months, over a period of 12 months...
December 27, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010177/insight-into-the-stigma-of-suicide-loss-survivors-factor-analyses-of-family-stereotypes-prejudices-and-discriminations
#10
Patrick W Corrigan, Lindsay Sheehan, Maya Al-Khouja, Stanley Lewy, Deborah R Major, Jessica Mead, Megghun Redmon, Charles T Rubey, Stephanie Weber
Families of individuals who die by suicide report public stigma that threatens their well-being. This study used a community-based participatory (CBPR) approach to describe a factor structure for the family stigma of suicide. Candidate items (n = 82) from a previous qualitative study were presented in an online survey format. Members of the public (n = 232) indicated how much they thought items represented public views and behaviors towards family members who lost a loved one to suicide. Factor analyses revealed two factors for stereotypes (dysfunctional, blameworthy), one factor for prejudice (fear and distrust) and three factors for discrimination (exclusion, secrecy and avoidance)...
December 23, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938642/an-evaluation-of-the-interaction-of-place-and-community-based-participatory-research-as-a-research-methodology-in-the-implementation-of-a-sexually-transmitted-infection-intervention-for-greenlandic-youth
#11
Elizabeth Rink
Newly emerging research suggests that the actual physical location of a study and the geographic context in which a study is implemented influences the types of research methods most appropriate to use in a study as well as the study's research outcomes. This article presents a reflection on the extent to which place influenced the use of community-based participatory research (CBPR) as a research methodology in the implementation of an intervention to address sexually transmitted infections in Greenland. An evaluation of the interaction between place and CBPR suggests that the physicality of place influenced the intervention's successes and challenges...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938640/inuit-women-s-stories-of-strength-informing-inuit-community-based-hiv-and-sti-prevention-and-sexual-health-promotion-programming
#12
Jenny R Rand
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of literature to guide the development of community-based HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention and sexual health promotion programs within Inuit communities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to create a dialogue with Inuit women to address the lack of information available to inform programming to improve the sexual health of Inuit women, their families, and their communities in the Canadian Arctic. DESIGN: This study used Indigenous methodologies and methods by drawing from Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit and postcolonial research theory in a framework of Two-Eyed Seeing, and using storytelling sessions to gather data...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935147/cycles-of-silence-first-nations-women-overcoming-social-and-historical-barriers-in-supportive-cancer-care
#13
Chad Hammond, Wendy Gifford, Carolyn Brooks, Ryan Hamilton, Tracy Scott, Doris Warner, Tricia Morrison, Jennifer Poudrier, Roanne Thomas
BACKGROUND: First Nations people with cancer in Canada confront several critical inequities in physical and psychosocial domains. First Nations women are at a particular disadvantage as they are disproportionately affected by social determinants of health, but how they navigate these challenges within their communities is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Our study explores survivorship experiences of First Nations women with cancer and their caregivers. Drawing from a larger data set on survivorship, we identify several major barriers to cancer communication and support in First Nations communities...
December 9, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927662/development-of-a-model-of-dementia-support-and-pathway-for-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-communities-using-co-creation-and-participatory-action-research
#14
Dianne Goeman, Jordan King, Susan Koch
OBJECTIVE: To develop an inclusive model of culturally sensitive support, using a specialist dementia nurse (SDN), to assist people with dementia from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities and their carers to overcome barriers to accessing health and social care services. DESIGN: Co-creation and participatory action research, based on reflection, data collection, interaction and feedback from participants and stakeholders. SETTING: An SDN support model embedded within a home nursing service in Melbourne, Australia was implemented between October 2013 and October 2015...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920121/is-knowledge-translation-without-patient-or-community-engagement-flawed
#15
Vivian R Ramsden, Norma Rabbitskin, John M Westfall, Maret Felzien, Janice Braden, Jessica Sand
BACKGROUND: The engagement of patients/individuals and/or communities has become increasingly important in all aspects of the research process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this manuscript is to begin the discussion about the use and implementation of authentic engagement in the development of presentations and manuscripts which evolve from research that has engaged patients/individuals and/or communities. METHODS: Community-Based Participatory Research; Transformative Action Research...
December 5, 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917537/reproductive-biology-for-the-assessment-of-hunting-sustainability-of-rainforest-mammal-populations-through-the-participation-of-local-communities
#16
Pedro Mayor, Hani El Bizri, Richard E Bodmer, Mark Bowler
Wildlife subsistence hunting is a major source of protein for tropical rural populations and a prominent conservation issue. The intrinsic rate of natural increase (rmax ) of populations is a key reproductive parameter in the most-used assessments of hunting sustainability. However, since researchers face severe difficulties in obtaining reproductive data in the wild, these assessments often use 'classic' reproductive rates calculated mostly from captive studies conducted 30 years ago, resulting in flaws in almost 50% of studies and hampering decision-makings on wildlife management...
December 5, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913983/mobile-health-technology-can-objectively-capture-physical-activity-pa-targets-among-african-american-women-within-resource-limited-communities-the-washington-d-c-cardiovascular-health-and-needs-assessment
#17
S Thomas, L Yingling, J Adu-Brimpong, V Mitchell, C R Ayers, G R Wallen, M Peters-Lawrence, A T Brooks, D M Sampson, K L Wiley, J Saygbe, J Henry, A Johnson, A Graham, L Graham, T M Powell-Wiley
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about using mobile health (mHealth) technology to improve cardiovascular (CV) health among African-American women in resource-limited communities. METHODS: We conducted the Washington, D.C. CV Health and Needs Assessment in predominantly African-American churches in city wards 5, 7, and 8 with the lowest socioeconomic status based on community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles. The assessment measured CV health factors: body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose and cholesterol, blood pressure, fruit/vegetable (F/V) intake, physical activity (PA), and smoking...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913659/formative-research
#18
Tracy L Finlayson, Padideh Asgari, Lisa Hoffman, Ana Palomo-Zerfas, Martha Gonzalez, Nannette Stamm, Maria-Isabel Rocha, Arcela Nunez-Alvarez
Oral health is a leading unmet health need among migrant families. This article describes the 1-year, community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach employed to plan and develop a Líder Communitario (lay community health worker)-led educational intervention for Mexican migrant adult caregivers and their families in three underserved, remote communities in North San Diego County, California. Four partner organizations collaborated, reviewed existing oral health curricula, and sought extensive input on educational topics and research design from key informants, migrant caregivers, and Líderes Communitarios...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911908/uptake-of-community-based-peer-administered-hiv-point-of-care-testing-findings-from-the-proud-study
#19
Lisa Lazarus, Sheetal Patel, Ashley Shaw, Sean Leblanc, Christine Lalonde, Manisha Hladio, Kira Mandryk, Cynthia Horvath, William Petrcich, Claire Kendall, Mark W Tyndall
OBJECTIVES: HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Ottawa is estimated at about 10%. The successful integration of peers into outreach efforts and wider access to HIV point-of-care testing (POCT) create opportunities to explore the role of peers in providing HIV testing. The PROUD study, in partnership with Ottawa Public Health (OPH), sought to develop a model for community-based peer-administered HIV POCT. METHODS: PROUD draws on community-based participatory research methods to better understand the HIV risk environment of people who use drugs in Ottawa...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905907/addressing-asthma-and-obesity-in-children-with-community-health-workers-proof-of-concept-intervention-development
#20
Molly A Martin, Steven K Rothschild, Elizabeth Lynch, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Militza M Pagán, Jose Luis Rodriguez, Anna Barnes, Kelly Karavolos, Antonieta Diaz, Lucretia M Hoffman, Diana Plata, Sandra Villalpando
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to design and test the feasibility and impact of a community health worker (CHW) intervention for comorbid asthma and obesity. METHODS: Using a proof of concept study design, we collected pre/post outcomes from a single intervention cohort of urban low-income in a single community area. A community-based participatory research approach was employed. Forty-six children and their caregivers were recruited. Children were 5-12 years old with physician-diagnosed asthma and body mass index (BMI) > 85%...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
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