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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240536/dementia-awareness-campaign-in-the-latino-community-a-novel-community-engagement-pilot-training-program-with-promotoras
#1
Nusha Askari, Ann Choryan Bilbrey, Iliana Garcia Ruiz, Marika Blair Humber, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To create a curriculum about Alzheimer's disease and dementia, and to train Promotoras affiliated with a local community education and health advocacy organization, in order to raise awareness and knowledge of what dementia is, and how it can be recognized, in persons of Hispanic/Latino descent. METHODS: Community based participatory research (CPBR) model was used to create materials, implement training, and engage/empower Promotoras to educate the local community...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237440/experiences-of-community-members-and-researchers-on-community-engagement-in-an-ecohealth-project-in-south-africa-and-zimbabwe
#2
Rosemary Musesengwa, Moses J Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Community engagement (CE) models have provided much needed guidance for researchers to conceptualise and design engagement strategies for research projects. Most of the published strategies, however, still show very limited contribution of the community to the engagement process. One way of achieving this is to document experiences of community members in the CE processes during project implementation. The aim of our study was to explore the experiences of two research naïve communities, regarding a CE strategy collaboratively developed by researchers and study communities in a multicountry study...
December 13, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235941/ethical-challenges-in-community-based-participatory-research-a-scoping-review
#3
Elena Wilson, Amanda Kenny, Virginia Dickson-Swift
Ethical challenges in community-based participatory research (CBPR) are of increasing interest to researchers; however, it is not known how widespread these challenges are or how extensively the topic has been explored. Using Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review method, studies on ethical challenges in CBPR were mapped. Findings indicate that researchers continue to raise questions about ethics associated with CBPR. Our purpose in this article is to present a thematic summary of international ethical challenges as a guide for researchers interested in community participatory approaches and to better prepare them for qualitative health research with communities...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230698/mode-2-knowledge-production-in-the-context-of-medical-research-a-call-for-further-clarifications
#4
Hojjat Soofi
The traditional researcher-driven environment of medical knowledge production is losing its dominance with the expansion of, for instance, community-based participatory or participant-led medical research. Over the past few decades, sociologists of science have debated a shift in the production of knowledge from traditional discipline-based (Mode 1) to more socially embedded and transdisciplinary frameworks (Mode 2). Recently, scholars have tried to show the relevance of Mode 2 knowledge production to medical research...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230152/development-of-a-mixed-methods-investigation-of-process-and-outcomes-of-community-based-participatory-research
#5
Julie Lucero, Nina Wallerstein, Bonnie Duran, Margarita Alegria, Ella Greene-Moton, Barbara Israel, Sarah Kastelic, Maya Magarati, John Oetzel, Cynthia Pearson, Amy Schulz, Malia Villegas, Emily R White Hat
This article describes a mixed methods study of community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership practices and the links between these practices and changes in health status and disparities outcomes. Directed by a CBPR conceptual model and grounded in indigenous-transformative theory, our nation-wide, cross-site study showcases the value of a mixed methods approach for better understanding the complexity of CBPR partnerships across diverse community and research contexts. The article then provides examples of how an iterative, integrated approach to our mixed methods analysis yielded enriched understandings of two key constructs of the model: trust and governance...
January 2018: Journal of Mixed Methods Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227866/partnerships-for-active-children-in-elementary-schools-paces-first-year-process-evaluation
#6
Cate A Egan, Collin Webster, R Glenn Weaver, Ali Brian, David Stodden, Laura Russ, Danielle Nesbitt, Spyridoula Vazou
Movement integration (MI) is a strategy within comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAP). School-university partnerships are recommended to leverage teachers' capacity to use MI. A mixed method process evaluation was conducted of the first year of implementing Partnerships for Active Children in Elementary Schools (PACES). Classroom teachers (N=12) from four schools participated. Data were collected in Fall 2014 (baseline) and Spring 2015 (∼ four months of intervention) using the System for Observing Student Movement in Academic Routines and Transitions and semi-structured interviews...
December 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223086/perceived-versus-actual-water-quality-community-studies-in-rural-oaxaca-mexico
#7
Lewis Stetson Rowles, Reinaldo Alcalde, Francisca Bogolasky, Soyoon Kum, Farith A Diaz-Arriaga, Craig Ayres, Anne M Mikelonis, Luis Javier Toledo-Flores, Manuel Gerardo Alonso-Gutiérrez, Maria Eufemia Pérez-Flores, Desmond F Lawler, Peter M Ward, Juana Yolanda Lopez-Cruz, Navid B Saleh
Compromised water quality risks public health, which becomes particularly acute in economically marginalized communities. Although the majority of the clean-water-deprived population resides in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, a significant portion (32 million) lives in Meso- and Latin-America. Oaxaca is one of the marginalized southern states of Mexico, which has experienced high morbidity from infectious diseases and also has suffered from a high rate of infant mortality. However, there has been a paucity of reports on the status of water quality of culturally diverse rural Oaxaca...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212379/provision-of-rehabilitation-services-for-children-with-disabilities-living-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#8
Dawn Magnusson, Frank Sweeney, Michel Landry
BACKGROUND: Childhood disability is a growing global health priority. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify and summarize rehabilitation interventions used to support children with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: This scoping review involved a systematic search of electronic databases using a combination of subject headings and/or keywords related to child disability, rehabilitation, and low- and middle-income countries. Charting involved an iterative process whereby the full text of articles meeting the inclusion criteria were abstracted using a charting form...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211840/occupational-health-risks-and-intervention-strategies-for-us-taxi-drivers
#9
Kate E Murray, Abdimalik Buul, Rasheed Aden, Alyson M Cavanaugh, Luwam Kidane, Mikaiil Hussein, Amelia Eastman, Harvey Checkoway
Research has shown that taxi drivers are at risk for numerous health concerns, such as low back and leg pain, linked to their highly sedentary occupation, long work hours and stressors related to the job (e.g. low income, safety threats). The goal of this study was to explore occupational health risks and opportunities for health interventions with taxi drivers using community-based participatory research (CBPR) methods. A mixed methods approach included first a convenience sample of 19 East African taxi drivers participating in focus group discussions...
December 2, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208008/-i-just-feel-comfortable-out-here-there-s-something-about-the-place-staff-and-client-perceptions-of-a-remote-australian-aboriginal-drug-and-alcohol-rehabilitation-service
#10
Alice Munro, Julaine Allan, Anthony Shakeshaft, Courtney Breen
BACKGROUND: The need for effective, culturally safe residential rehabilitation services for Aboriginal people is widely acknowledged, however the combination of treatment components that is optimally effective, is not well defined. Most existing Aboriginal residential rehabilitation research has focused on describing client characteristics, and largely ignored the impact of treatment and service factors, such as the nature and quality of therapeutic components and relationships with staff...
December 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206912/an-evidence-based-framework-on-community-centred-approaches-for-health-england-uk
#11
Jane South, Anne-Marie Bagnall, Jude A Stansfield, Kris J Southby, Pritti Mehta
Community participation is a central concept for health promotion, covering a breadth of approaches, purposes and activities. This paper reports on a national knowledge translation project in England, UK, which resulted in a conceptual framework and typology of community-based approaches, published as national guidance. A key objective was to develop a conceptual framework linked to sources of evidence that could be used to support increased uptake of participatory methods across the health system. It was recognized that legitimacy of community participation was being undermined by a scattered evidence base, absence of a common terminology and low visibility of community practice...
November 30, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206358/implementing-and-evaluating-early-intervention-for-children-with-autism-where-are-the-gaps-and-what-should-we-do
#12
Giacomo Vivanti, Connie Kasari, Jonathan Green, David Mandell, Melissa Maye, Kristelle Hudry
Despite recent advances, the evidence base supporting early intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains relatively sparse. The International Society for Autism Research (INSAR) recently sponsored a Special Interest Group (SIG) on Implementing and Evaluating Community-Based Early Intervention. Across three meetings, in 2015, 2016, and 2017, conveners of this SIG engaged >200 members to identify knowledge gaps and research priorities for moving the field forward. Here, we summarize the perspectives that emerged from group discussion at the SIG meetings as represented by scholars working actively in the field...
December 5, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204895/the-development-of-a-healing-model-of-care-for-an-indigenous-drug-and-alcohol-residential-rehabilitation-service-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#13
Alice Munro, Anthony Shakeshaft, Anton Clifford
BACKGROUND: Given the well-established evidence of disproportionately high rates of substance-related morbidity and mortality after release from incarceration for Indigenous Australians, access to comprehensive, effective and culturally safe residential rehabilitation treatment will likely assist in reducing recidivism to both prison and substance dependence for this population. In the absence of methodologically rigorous evidence, the delivery of Indigenous drug and alcohol residential rehabilitation services vary widely, and divergent views exist regarding the appropriateness and efficacy of different potential treatment components...
December 4, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201632/active-living-in-rural-appalachia-using-the-rural-active-living-assessment-rala-tools-to-explore-environmental-barriers
#14
Adam Hege, Richard W Christiana, Rebecca Battista, Hannah Parkhurst
People residing in rural communities are more likely to be physically inactive and subsequently have elevated risks for chronic disease. Recent evidence has shown this could stem from environmental barriers, inadequate programming and policies directed at the promotion of physical activity (PA) in rural settings. The objective of this research was to assess active living features in rural towns and townships (n = 16) across seven counties in northwestern North Carolina (NC). The study utilized the Town-Wide and Street Segment components of the Rural Active Living Assessment (RALA) as well as the 2014 American Community Survey results...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198730/designing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-a-community-based-narrative-intervention-for-improving-colorectal-cancer-screening-for-african-americans
#15
Erin M Ellis, Deborah O Erwin, Lina Jandorf, Frances Saad-Harfouche, Pathu Sriphanlop, Nikia Clark, Cassandre Dauphin, Detric Johnson, Lynne B Klasko-Foster, Clarissa Martinez, Jamilia Sly, Drusilla White, Gary Winkel, Marc T Kiviniemi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the methodology of a 2-arm randomized controlled trial that compared the effects of a narrative and didactic version of the Witness CARES (Community Awareness, Reach, & Empowerment for Screening) intervention on colorectal cancer screening behavior among African Americans, as well as the cognitive and affective determinants of screening. METHODS: Witness CARES targeted cognitive and affective predictors of screening using a culturally competent, community-based, narrative or didactic communication approach...
November 30, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186984/healthy-immigrant-families-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-family-based-nutrition-and-physical-activity-intervention
#16
Mark L Wieland, Marcelo M M Hanza, Jennifer A Weis, Sonja J Meiers, Christi A Patten, Matthew M Clark, Jeff A Sloan, Paul J Novotny, Jane W Njeru, Adeline Abbenyi, James A Levine, Miriam Goodson, Graciela D Porraz Capetillo, Ahmed Osman, Abdullah Hared, Julie A Nigon, Irene G Sia
PURPOSE: To evaluate a healthy eating and physical activity intervention for immigrant families, derived through community-based participatory research. DESIGN: The Healthy Immigrant Families study was a randomized controlled trial with delayed intervention control group, with families as the randomization unit. SETTING: US Midwest city. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited by community partners from Hispanic, Somali, and Sudanese immigrant communities...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169378/network-methods-to-support-user-involvement-in-qualitative-data-analyses-an-introduction-to-participatory-theme-elicitation
#17
Paul Best, Jennifer Badham, Rekesh Corepal, Roisin F O'Neill, Mark A Tully, Frank Kee, Ruth F Hunter
BACKGROUND: While Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) is encouraged throughout the research process, engagement is typically limited to intervention design and post-analysis stages. There are few approaches to participatory data analyses within complex health interventions. METHODS: Using qualitative data from a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT), this proof-of-concept study tests the value of a new approach to participatory data analysis called Participatory Theme Elicitation (PTE)...
November 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169273/evaluating-the-implementation-of-a-farmers-market-targeting-wic-fmnp-participants
#18
Lanae Ball, Amy McCauley, Tracey Paul, Kenneth Gruber, Lauren Haldeman, Jigna Dharod
The present study planned and implemented a new farmers' market (FM) at a WIC (Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children) clinic in North Carolina, of which WIC FM Nutrition Program (FMNP) participants were the main priority population. The purpose of this FM was to provide convenience and improve access to locally grown fresh fruits and vegetables in the community and to increase the FMNP coupon redemption rate. The main objective of this study was to describe the overall process and key strategies involved in implementing a FM at a WIC clinic...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164939/using-cbpr-to-decrease-health-disparities-in-a-suburban-latino-neighborhood
#19
Maren J Coffman, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Heather A Smith, Andrew McWilliams, Yhenneko J Taylor, Hazel Tapp, Johanna Claire Schuch, Owen Furuseth, Michael Dulin
INTRODUCTION: This project tested the feasibility of using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to deliver health and social resources in two high-risk, suburban neighborhoods. METHOD: An established research network was used to engage stakeholders to design and deliver a neighborhood-based intervention targeting a Latino immigrant population. The intervention provided screenings for hypertension, diabetes, and depression; primary care provider visits; and information about navigating health care delivery systems and related community-based resources...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160826/the-communication-awareness-relationships-and-empowerment-c-a-r-e-model-an-effective-tool-for-engaging-urban-communities-in-community-based-participatory-research
#20
Joniqua Ceasar, Marlene H Peters-Lawrence, Valerie Mitchell, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Little is known about recruitment methods for racial/ethnic minority populations from resource-limited areas for community-based health and needs assessments, particularly assessments that incorporate mobile health (mHealth) technology for characterizing physical activity and dietary intake. We examined whether the Communication, Awareness, Relationships and Empowerment (C.A.R.E.) model could reduce challenges recruiting and retaining participants from faith-based organizations in predominantly African American Washington, D...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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