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Community based participatory

Michelle R Brear, Pinky N Shabangu, Jane R Fisher, Karin Hammarberg, Helen M Keleher, Charles Livingstone
Comprehensive theories of health justice can supplement rights-based approaches like primary health care, by conceptualizing key terms, and systematizing knowledge about structural factors that influence health. Our aim was to use "health capability" as a theoretical lens for understanding how primary health care approaches might address structural factors impeding health in a rural Swazi community. We conducted abductive, interpretive, analysis of a mixed-method (QUAL+quan) data set about "health capability deprivations," generated through participatory action research...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Giulietta Luul Balestra, Jashodhara Dasgupta, Yatirajula Kanaka Sandhya, Jenevieve Mannell
Community-Based Monitoring (CBM) is a participatory process in which citizens gather evidence on services to hold governments accountable to their commitments. Research on CBM for health in developing countries has mostly measured its impact on service performance. Overall, these studies have produced mixed evidence of CBM's effectiveness. This has led some authors to question the role of civic engagement, especially in communities where expectations from public services and power to demand for change are low...
April 19, 2018: Global Public Health
Ann Futterman Collier, Suzanne Daiss, Everlynn Temengil, Samantha Cody Russell, Julia Caroline Miller, Fumiana M Renguul
Evidence-based obesity reduction programs in the Pacific are scarce to nonexistent. Using a community-based participatory research model (CBPR) we developed a collaboration between our university and a small Pacific Island nation. We established an advisory council of local stakeholders and then conducted an extensive needs assessment with youth, parents, professionals, and lay public. Only 9% of participants had tried a weight loss program. There was a strong tendency to engage in binge-eating cycles; difficulty eating healthy during frequent community celebrations with few healthy food options available in general; and limited traditions that involved physical activity...
April 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Victoria Orrego Dunleavy, Elena Chudnovskaya, Jazmyne Vanecia Simmons
BACKGROUND: HIV is one of the primary causes of death in Guatemala, and during the period 2005 to 2013, Guatemala exhibited a 95% increase in such deaths. HIV transmission rates are nearly 3 times higher among the indigenous Mayan population than nonindigenous Guatemalans. Guided by the community-based participatory research approach, this article demonstrates the iterative formative research process necessary to develop a deeper and more informed understanding of HIV prevention attitudes and behaviors in the priority population...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Marie-Claude Tremblay, Debbie H Martin, Alex M McComber, Amelia McGregor, Ann C Macaulay
BACKGROUND: A longstanding challenge of community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been to anchor evaluation and practice in a relevant theoretical framework of community change, which articulates specific and concrete evaluative benchmarks. Social movement theories provide a broad range of theoretical tools to understand and facilitate social change processes, such as those involved in CBPR. Social movement theories have the potential to provide a coherent representation of how mobilization and collective action is gradually developed and leads to systemic change in the context of CBPR...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
Nicole A McLean, Marilyn Fraser, Nicole A Primus, Michael A Joseph
The goal of this analysis is to assess the effectiveness of a summer program designed to introduce high school students of color to health disparities research. A total of 73 students (69.9% Black, 68.5% female and 80.6% either junior/senior) participated in the 4-week Health Disparities Summer Internship Program (HDSIP) during the years 2012-2015. Students attended lectures covering topics such as health disparities, community-based participatory research (CBPR), immigrant health, and policy and advocacy. While working with community-based organizations, students gained hands-on experience related to issues discussed in class...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Farrah Jacquez, Lisa M Vaughn, Gabriela Suarez-Cano
Stress negatively impacts health outcomes across all racial and ethnic groups, but the health disparities experienced by Latino immigrants in nontraditional migration cities are exacerbated by undeveloped infrastructure and weak social support networks. Immigrants in new migration cities can be difficult to engage in health interventions and are therefore underrepresented in the very research where their inclusion is most crucial. To effectively engage Latino immigrants, a team of academic and community researchers collaborated on a community-based participatory research project to design and implement a stress and coping intervention...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Linda Murray, Shandell Elmer, Jennifer Elkhair
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore perceived barriers to managing medications and potential solutions to such barriers among Bhutanese former refugees and service providers in Tasmania, Australia. METHOD: Thirty Bhutanese former refugees and service providers recruited through community health programs participated in a community-based participatory research design. Data were elicited through a structured focus group process and analyzed using content analysis...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Lisa M Vaughn, Farrah Jacquez, Jenny Zhen-Duan
Equitable partnership processes and group dynamics, including individual, relational, and structural factors, have been identified as key ingredients to successful community-based participatory research partnerships. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the key aspects of group dynamics and partnership from the perspectives of community members serving as co-researchers. Semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 15 Latino immigrant co-researchers from an intervention project with Latinos Unidos por la Salud (LU-Salud), a community research team composed of Latino immigrant community members and academic investigators working in a health research partnership...
April 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Angela Wangari Walter, Cesar Morocho, Lauren King, John Bartlett, Debra Kelsey, Monica DeSousa, Gretchen Biesecker, Laura Punnett
Fishing industry workers are at high risk for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and injuries. Prescription opioids used to treat pain injuries may put these workers at increased risk for developing substance disorders. Using a Community-Based Participatory Research approach, formative research was conducted to inform the eventual development of relevant interventions to prevent and reduce opioid use disorders among fishing industry workers. Qualitative interviews ( n = 21) were conducted to assess: knowledge and attitudes about opioid use disorders; features of fishing work that might affect use and/or access to treatment; and community and organizational capacity for prevention and treatment...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
J Lemacks, A Landry, P Wenzler
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this short communication is to describe the trust building and collaboration, fostering phases of a community-academic partnership between churches and academic researchers using a community-based participatory research approach. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: An academic-community partnership with church leaders was initiated using survey administration and was further developed using focus groups. A coalition was developed, and it guided a subsequent focus group with church members...
March 30, 2018: Public Health
Samiksha Singh, Sanjeev Upadhyaya, Pradeep Deshmukh, Amol Dongre, Neha Dwivedi, Deepak Dey, Vijay Kumar
BACKGROUND: In India, amidst the increasing number of health programmes, there are concerns about the performance of frontline health workers (FLHW). We assessed the time utilisation and factors affecting the work of frontline health workers from South India. METHODS: This is a mixed methods study using time and motion (TAM) direct observations and qualitative enquiry among frontline/community health workers. These included 43 female and 6 male multipurpose health workers (namely, auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs) and male-MPHWs), 12 nutrition and health workers (Anganwadi workers, AWWs) and 53 incentive-based community health workers (accredited social health activists, ASHAs)...
April 2, 2018: Human Resources for Health
Sheila Harvey, Shelley Lees, Gerry Mshana, Daniel Pilger, Christian Hansen, Saidi Kapiga, Charlotte Watts
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, almost one third (30%) of women who have been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner. Given the considerable negative impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's physical health and well-being, there is an urgent need for rigorous evidence on violence prevention interventions. METHODS: The study, comprising a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) and in-depth qualitative study, will assess the impact on women's past year experience of physical and/or sexual IPV of a participatory gender training curriculum (MAISHA curriculum) delivered to women participating in group-based microfinance in Tanzania...
April 2, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Cleo A Samuel, Alexandra F Lightfoot, Jennifer Schaal, Christina Yongue, Kristin Black, Katrina Ellis, Linda Robertson, Beth Smith, Nora Jones, Karen Foley, Jemeia Kollie, Alicia Mayhand, Claire Morse, Fatima Guerrab, Eugenia Eng
BACKGROUND: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a collaborative and equitable approach to research inquiry; however, the process of establishing and maintaining CBPR partnerships can be challenging. There is an ongoing need for innovative strategies that foster partnership development and long-term sustainability. In 2010, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill developed a CBPR charrette model to facilitate stakeholder engagement in translational research. OBJECTIVE: To describe how the Cancer Health Accountability for Managing Pain and Symptoms (CHAMPS) Study leveraged the CBPR charrette process to develop and strengthen its CBPR partnership and successfully implement research objectives...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Katie Cueva, Ventura Lovato, Travis Nieto, Nicole Neault, Allison Barlow, Kristen Speakman
BACKGROUND: A mobile grocery (MoGro) was developed through a partnership with community stakeholders, community advisory boards (CABs), Rick and Beth Schnieders, and the Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health (JHCAIH). MoGro provided access to subsidized healthy foods, with complementary events, including fitness activities and cooking classes. OBJECTIVES: MoGro is an innovative approach to promoting food security. METHODS: Within a community-based participatory action research (CPBAR) framework, the JHCAIH and partners designed and administered household surveys at baseline and 3 months after MoGro's launch...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Robin A Evans-Agnew, Julie Postma, Ariana Ochoa Camacho, Rachel M Hershberg, Elsa Trujilio, Maria Tinajera
BACKGROUND: Childhood marks the highest risk for allergic sensitization to asthma triggers. Hispanic/Latino children are at higher risk for hospitalization for asthma than non-Hispanic White children. Childcare providers lack knowledge about reducing asthma triggers. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe a community-based participatory research (CBPR) initiative aimed at developing and pilot testing a bilingual walk-through assessment tool for asthma-friendly childcare environments...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Rucha Kavathe, Nadia Islam, Jennifer Zanowiak, Laura Wyatt, Hardayal Singh, Mary E Northridge
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to oral health care is a significant burden for disadvantaged populations, yet rarely draws the attention of policymakers or community leaders. OBJECTIVES: To understand how UNITED SIKHS identified oral health care as a priority need through its involvement in community-based participatory research (CBPR) initiatives and local data collection, thereby building its capacity to lead participatory oral health projects. METHODS: The foundation for the partnership between UNITED SIKHS and the New York University (NYU) Prevention Research Center (PRC) was the joint implementation of a CBPR project to prevent diabetes in the Sikh Asian Indian community...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Katherine F Furgurson, Joanne C Sandberg, Fang-Chi Hsu, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt, Thomas A Arcury
The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine is an effective but underused cancer prevention tool. This study assessed knowledge of HPV and HPV vaccine initiation among Mexican-born farmworkers in North Carolina. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were conducted with 100 Latino farmworkers and 100 nonfarmworker Latino North Carolina residents in 2015 as part of an ongoing community-based participatory research project. Farmworkers had low levels of knowledge about HPV and the HPV vaccine. They had a similar amount of HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge compared to nonfarmworkers...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Rupal Parekh, Arati Maleku, Noelle Fields, Gail Adorno, Donna Schuman, Brandi Felderhoff
Using a social capital and social cohesion lens, we reposition the concept of civic engagement among older adults to examine pathways for building age-friendly communities. We analyzed data drawn from a Community-Based Participatory Research study in the Southern U.S. that explored lived experiences of older adults, age 55 and above, who participated in individual interviews (n = 15) and six focus group discussions (n = 45) to examine their perceptions of social identity, social connectedness, and civic engagement geared toward an age-friendly city...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Christina J Sun, Erin Sutfin, Laura H Bachmann, Jason Stowers, Scott D Rhodes
Objective: Researchers and public health professionals have increased their attention to GPS-based social and sexual networking applications (apps) tailored to gay, bisexual, other men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women. These populations continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV in the United States, therefore these apps, in particular Grindr, have become an important sampling venue for the recruitment of HIV-related research participants. As such, it is essential to identify differences among app users to avoid potential sampling bias...
2018: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
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