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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356085/cnv-discovery-for-milk-composition-traits-in-dairy-cattle-using-whole-genome-resequencing
#1
Yahui Gao, Jianping Jiang, Shaohua Yang, Yali Hou, George E Liu, Shengli Zhang, Qin Zhang, Dongxiao Sun
BACKGROUND: Copy number variations (CNVs) are important and widely distributed in the genome. CNV detection opens a new avenue for exploring genes associated with complex traits in humans, animals and plants. Herein, we present a genome-wide assessment of CNVs that are potentially associated with milk composition traits in dairy cattle. RESULTS: In this study, CNVs were detected based on whole genome re-sequencing data of eight Holstein bulls from four half- and/or full-sib families, with extremely high and low estimated breeding values (EBVs) of milk protein percentage and fat percentage...
March 29, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333357/dietary-patterns-foods-and-nutrients-in-male-fertility-parameters-and-fecundability-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#2
Albert Salas-Huetos, Mònica Bulló, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a global public health issue, affecting 15% of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased semen quality, are responsible for ~25% of these cases. The dietary pattern, the components of the diet and nutrients have been studied as possible determinants of sperm function and/or fertility. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Previous systematic reviews have been made of the few heterogeneous low-quality randomized clinical trials (RCTs) conducted in small samples of participants and investigating the effect of specific nutrients and nutritional supplements on male infertility...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249105/advanced-glycation-end-products-ages-and-associations-with-cardio-metabolic-lifestyle-and-dietary-factors-in-a-general-population-the-nqplus-study
#3
Nadia Botros, Diewertje Sluik, Robert P van Waateringe, Jeanne H M de Vries, Anouk Geelen, Edith J M Feskens
BACKGROUND: Advanced glycation end-products are a heterogeneous group of molecules that are formed during reactions between reducing sugars and proteins. Advanced glycation end-products are thought to play a role in several diseases, including diabetes mellitus and can be measured non-invasively using skin autofluorescence (AF). The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate associations between skin AF and cardio-metabolic, lifestyle, and dietary factors within a general population...
March 1, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228848/brazilian-dietary-patterns-and-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-relationship-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#4
Michele Drehmer, Andrew O Odegaard, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Sheila M Alvim Matos, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Sandhi M Barreto, Mark A Pereira
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating dietary patterns, including the DASH diet, and their relationship with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes may help to understand the role of dairy products (low fat or full fat) in these conditions. Our aim is to identify dietary patterns in Brazilian adults and compare them with the (DASH) diet quality score in terms of their associations with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health-the ELSA-Brasil study...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179224/dietary-protein-is-associated-with-musculoskeletal-health-independently-of-dietary-pattern-the-framingham-third-generation-study
#5
Kelsey M Mangano, Shivani Sahni, Douglas P Kiel, Katherine L Tucker, Alyssa B Dufour, Marian T Hannan
Background: Above-average dietary protein, as a single nutrient, improves musculoskeletal health. Evaluating the link between dietary protein and musculoskeletal health from a whole-diet perspective is important, as dietary guidelines focus on dietary patterns.Objective: We examined the prospective association of novel dietary protein food clusters (derived from established dietary pattern techniques) with appendicular lean mass (ALM), quadriceps strength (QS), and bone mineral density (BMD) in 2986 men and women, aged 19-72 y, from the Framingham Third Generation Study...
March 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133993/a-healthy-diet-optimal-sleep-lifestyle-pattern-is-inversely-associated-with-liver-stiffness-and-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#6
Christina N Katsagoni, George V Papatheodoridis, Maria-Vasiliki Papageorgiou, Panagiota Ioannidou, Melanie Deutsch, Alexandra Alexopoulou, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Elisabeth Fragopoulou, Meropi D Kontogianni
Several lifestyle habits have been described as risk factors for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Given that both healthy and unhealthy habits tend to cluster, the aim of this study was to identify lifestyle patterns and explore their potential associations with clinical characteristics of individuals with NAFLD. One hundred and thirty-six consecutive patients with ultrasound-proven NAFLD were included. Diet and physical activity level were assessed through appropriate questionnaires. Habitual night sleep hours and duration of midday naps were recorded...
March 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030618/whole-genome-resequencing-of-holstein-bulls-for-indel-discovery-and-identification-of-genes-associated-with-milk-composition-traits-in-dairy-cattle
#7
Jianping Jiang, Yahui Gao, Yali Hou, Wenhui Li, Shengli Zhang, Qin Zhang, Dongxiao Sun
The use of whole-genome resequencing to obtain more information on genetic variation could produce a range of benefits for the dairy cattle industry, especially with regard to increasing milk production and improving milk composition. In this study, we sequenced the genomes of eight Holstein bulls from four half- or full-sib families, with high and low estimated breeding values (EBVs) of milk protein percentage and fat percentage at an average effective depth of 10×, using Illumina sequencing. Over 0.9 million nonredundant short insertions and deletions (indels) [1-49 base pairs (bp)] were obtained...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865487/prediction-and-validation-of-residual-feed-intake-and-dry-matter-intake-in-danish-lactating-dairy-cows-using-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-of-milk
#8
N Shetty, P Løvendahl, M S Lund, A J Buitenhuis
The present study explored the effectiveness of Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-IR) spectral profiles as a predictor for dry matter intake (DMI) and residual feed intake (RFI). The partial least squares regression method was used to develop the prediction models. The models were validated using different external test sets, one randomly leaving out 20% of the records (validation A), the second randomly leaving out 20% of cows (validation B), and a third (for DMI prediction models) randomly leaving out one cow (validation C)...
January 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842963/environmental-impacts-of-milk-powder-and-butter-manufactured-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#9
William Finnegan, Jamie Goggins, Eoghan Clifford, Xinmin Zhan
The abolition of the milk quota system that was in place in Europe was abolished in 2015, which instigated an immediate increase in milk production in many European countries. This increase will aid in addressing the world's ever growing demand for food, but will incur increased stresses on the environmental impact and sustainability of the dairy industry. In this study, an environmental life cycle assessment was performed in order to estimate the environmental impacts associated with the manufacture of milk powder and butter in the Republic of Ireland...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722602/relating-rheology-and-tribology-of-commercial-dairy-colloids-to-sensory-perception
#10
Laura Laguna, Grace Farrell, Michael Bryant, Ardian Morina, Anwesha Sarkar
This study aims to investigate the relationship between rheological and tribological properties of commercial full fat and fat-free/low fat versions of liquid and soft solid colloidal systems (milk, yoghurt, soft cream cheese) with their sensory properties. Oscillatory measurements (strain, frequency), flow curves and tribological measurements (lubrication behaviour using Stribeck analysis) were conducted. Oral condition was mimicked using artificial saliva at 37 (○)C. Discrimination test was conducted by 63 untrained consumers, followed by a qualitative questionnaire...
September 22, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692712/genetic-changes-of-survival-traits-over-the-past-25-yr-in-dutch-dairy-cattle
#11
M L van Pelt, V Ducrocq, G de Jong, M P L Calus, R F Veerkamp
Genetic correlations and heritabilities for survival were investigated over a period of 25 yr to evaluate if survival in first lactation has become a different trait and if this is affected by adjusting for production level. Survival after first calving until 12mo after calving (surv_12mo) and survival of first lactation (surv_1st_lac) were analyzed in Dutch black-and-white cows. The data set contained 1,108,745 animals for surv_12mo and 1,062,276 animals for surv_1st_lac, with first calving between 1989 and 2013...
December 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692560/intake-of-different-types-of-dairy-and-its-prospective-association-with-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-the-rotterdam-study
#12
E M Brouwer-Brolsma, G J van Woudenbergh, S J W H Oude Elferink, C M Singh-Povel, A Hofman, A Dehghan, O H Franco, E J M Feskens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is increasing. Several studies have suggested a beneficial effect of several major dairy nutrients on insulin production and sensitivity. Conversely, harmful effects have been suggested as well. This study aimed to investigate the impact of the full-range of dairy products and its association with incidence T2DM in Dutch adults aged ≥55 years participating in the Rotterdam Study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Dairy intake was assessed with a validated FFQ, including total, skimmed, semi-skimmed, full-fat, fermented, and non-fermented dairy, and subclasses of these product groups...
August 10, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618910/effects-of-catechin-on-the-composition-phenolic-content-and-antioxidant-activity-of-full-fat-cheese-during-ripening-and-recovery-of-catechin-after-simulated-in-vitro-digestion
#13
Ali Rashidinejad, E John Birch, David W Everett
(+)-Catechin, the representative catechin in green tea, was incorporated into a full-fat cheese (at 125-500 ppm) followed by ripening for 90 days at 8 °C and digesting for six hours. Determination of pH, proximate composition, total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activity (AA) after manufacture and ripening demonstrated that the addition of (+)-catechin significantly (p ≤ 0.05) decreased the pH of both whey and curd during cheese manufacturing and ripening with no significant (p > 0.05) effect on the moisture, protein and fat contents...
August 27, 2016: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534847/diet-in-1-year-old-farm-and-control-children-and-allergy-development-results-from-the-farmflora-birth-cohort
#14
Karin Jonsson, My Green, Malin Barman, Agneta Sjöberg, Hilde K Brekke, Agnes E Wold, Ann-Sofie Sandberg
BACKGROUND: A farming environment confers strong protection against allergy development. We have previously shown that farming mothers consume more full-fat dairy than control mothers, who instead consume more low-fat dairy, margarine, and oils; margarine and oil intake was associated with increased risk of allergy development in their children. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the differences in diet between children in farming and control families at 1 year of age, to investigate the relation between the diets of the mothers and their children, and to relate the children's diet to allergy development...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422392/acne-and-dairy-products-in-adolescence-results-from-a-norwegian-longitudinal-study
#15
M Ulvestad, E Bjertness, F Dalgard, J A Halvorsen
BACKGROUND: Acne is a very common skin condition, and it is of great interest to elucidate lifestyle factors that may contribute to its occurrence. In the last decade, the acne-diet connection has been brought back to credibility. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether high intakes of dairy products in early adolescence is associated with moderate to severe acne in later adolescence. METHODS: The study is a longitudinal, questionnaire-based population study of Norwegian adolescents...
March 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413665/untreated-hypertension-in-the-uk-household-population-who-are-missed-by-the-general-health-checks
#16
Jakob Petersen, Michaela Benzeval
Hypertension is an age-related, long-term condition and a leading risk factor for premature death and disability worldwide. Due to its asymptomatic nature it can often be left undiagnosed. Long-term treatment is available, but blood pressure can also be reduced through health behaviour changes in weight control, smoking cessation, higher physical activity levels, reduced salt and alcohol intake, and healthful diets if discovered early. This paper investigates the prevalence and characteristics of those with untreated (compared to treated) hypertension who did not have a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD); a group who is in effect missed by general health checks...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372590/utilization-of-konjac-glucomannan-as-a-fat-replacer-in-low-fat-and-skimmed-yogurt
#17
Shuhong Dai, Harold Corke, Nagendra P Shah
Konjac glucomannan (KGM) has been reported to be beneficial to human health, as well as having potential functional properties as a fat replacer in dairy products. In this study, 0.5% KGM solution was added to prepare low-fat (LFKGM) and skimmed (SKKGM) yogurts, and their physicochemical properties were compared with those of full-fat yogurt control (FFC), low-fat yogurt control (LFC), and skimmed yogurt control (SKC). Properties and composition were determined and the microscopic structures of all yogurts were observed during storage at 4°C for 21d...
September 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355649/is-butter-back-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-butter-consumption-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-diabetes-and-total-mortality
#18
Laura Pimpin, Jason H Y Wu, Hila Haskelberg, Liana Del Gobbo, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Dietary guidelines recommend avoiding foods high in saturated fat. Yet, emerging evidence suggests cardiometabolic benefits of dairy products and dairy fat. Evidence on the role of butter, with high saturated dairy fat content, for total mortality, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes remains unclear. We aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the association of butter consumption with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes in general populations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282241/the-behaviour-of-green-tea-catechins-in-a-full-fat-milk-system-under-conditions-mimicking-the-cheesemaking-process
#19
Ali Rashidinejad, E John Birch, David W Everett
Due to their well-known health benefits, green tea catechins have received recent attention as natural additives in foods such as dairy products. However, they may present some irreversible associations with milk components (e.g. protein and milk fat globules). To investigate the behaviour of two important green tea catechins, (+)-catechin (C) and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), in a standard whole milk system under the conditions of cheesemaking, 250 and 500 ppm of each catechin were added to whole milk (3...
September 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281305/empty-calories-and-phantom-fullness-a-randomized-trial-studying-the-relative-effects-of-energy-density-and-viscosity-on-gastric-emptying-determined-by-mri-and-satiety
#20
Guido Camps, Monica Mars, Cees de Graaf, Paul Am Smeets
BACKGROUND: Stomach fullness is a determinant of satiety. Although both the viscosity and energy content have been shown to delay gastric emptying, their relative importance is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We compared the relative effects of and interactions between the viscosity and energy density on gastric emptying and perceived satiety. DESIGN: A total of 15 healthy men [mean ± SD age: 22.6 ± 2.4 y; body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 22...
July 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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