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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615142/impact-of-automatic-milking-systems-on-dairy-cattle-producers-reports-of-milking-labour-management-milk-production-and-milk-quality
#1
C Tse, H W Barkema, T J DeVries, J Rushen, E A Pajor
Automatic milking systems (AMS), or milking robots, are becoming widely accepted as a milking technology that reduces labour and increases milk yield. However, reported amount of labour saved, changes in milk yield, and milk quality when transitioning to AMS vary widely. The purpose of this study was to document the impact of adopting AMS on farms with regards to reported changes in milking labour management, milk production, milk quality, and participation in dairy herd improvement (DHI) programmes. A survey was conducted across Canada over the phone, online, and in-person...
April 4, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609865/dairy-shows-different-associations-with-abdominal-and-bmi-defined-overweight-cross-sectional-analyses-exploring-a-variety-of-dairy-products
#2
E M Brouwer-Brolsma, D Sluik, C M Singh-Povel, E J M Feskens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have suggested weight-regulatory properties for several dairy nutrients, but population-based studies on dairy and body weight are inconclusive. We explored cross-sectional associations between dairy consumption and indicators of overweight. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 114,682 Dutch adults, aged ≥18 years. Dairy consumption was quantified by a food frequency questionnaire. Abdominal overweight was defined as waist circumference (WC) ≥88 cm (women) or ≥102 cm (men) (n = 37,391), overweight as BMI ≥25-30 kg/m2 (n = 44,772) and obesity as BMI ≥30 kg/m2 (n = 15,339)...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580536/physicochemical-and-textural-properties-of-mozzarella-cheese-made-with-konjac-glucomannan-as-a-fat-replacer
#3
Shuhong Dai, Fatang Jiang, Harold Corke, Nagendra P Shah
Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is a natural polysaccharide with several favorable nutritional characteristics, and exhibits functional properties as a potential fat-replacer in dairy products. In our study, composition, color and browning (L*, a* and b* before and after heating), and textural characteristics of low-fat and skimmed Mozzarella cheese with KGM (LFKGM and SKKGM) were compared with those of full-fat, low-fat and skimmed Mozzarella cheese controls (FFC, LFC and SKC) after 0, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of storage at 4 °C...
May 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517182/influence-of-selected-dietary-components-on-the-functioning-of-the-human-nervous-system
#4
Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Ewa Stefańska, Lucyna Ostrowska
The diet is directly connected not only with the physical status but also with the functioning of the brain and the mental status. The potentially beneficial nutrients with a protective effect on the nervous system function include amino acids (tryptophan, phenylalanine, tyrosine, taurine), glucose and vitamins C, E, D and beta-carotene, B group vitamins (vitamin B12, vitamin B6, vitamin B4, vitamin B1) and minerals (selenium, zinc, magnesium, sodium, iron, copper, manganese, iodine). The presence of antioxidants in the diet protects against oxidative damage to nervous system cells...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498341/dairy-product-consumption-is-associated-with-pre-diabetes-and-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-in-the-lifelines-cohort-study
#5
Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Diewertje Sluik, Cecile M Singh-Povel, Edith J M Feskens
Previous studies show associations between dairy product consumption and type 2 diabetes, but only a few studies conducted detailed analyses for a variety of dairy subgroups. Therefore, we examined cross-sectional associations of a broad variety of dairy subgroups with pre-diabetes and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (ND-T2DM) among Dutch adults. In total, 112 086 adults without diabetes completed a semi-quantitative FFQ and donated blood. Pre-diabetes was defined as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) between 5·6 and 6·9 mmol/l or HbA1c% of 5·7-6·4 %...
February 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494487/dairy-fats-and-cardiovascular-disease-do-we-really-need-to-be-concerned
#6
REVIEW
Ronan Lordan, Alexandros Tsoupras, Bhaskar Mitra, Ioannis Zabetakis
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain a major cause of death and morbidity globally and diet plays a crucial role in the disease prevention and pathology. The negative perception of dairy fats stems from the effort to reduce dietary saturated fatty acid (SFA) intake due to their association with increased cholesterol levels upon consumption and the increased risk of CVD development. Institutions that set dietary guidelines have approached dairy products with negative bias and used poor scientific data in the past...
March 1, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387423/occurrence-of-preterm-calving-in-great-britain-and-associations-with-milk-production-and-reproductive-performance-in-dairy-cattle
#7
Angela Filipa Damaso, Martina Velasova, Steven Van Winden, Yu-Mei Chang, Javier Guitian
This study describes the occurrence of preterm calving in Great Britain and evaluates its associations with subsequent milk production and reproductive performances and survival on farm of dairy cows. A total of 53 British dairy farms and 5759 animals with detailed breeding and milk recording data available were used to form two study groups: preterm calving (calving occurring between days 266 and 277 of gestation) and full-term calving (calving occurring at 278 days of gestation and over). Mixed effects models were implemented to compare milk production, clinical cases of mastitis and number of services per conception between groups...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357820/no-effect-of-adding-dairy-lipids-or-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-formula-tolerance-and-growth-in-full-term-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Maria Lorella Gianni, Paola Roggero, Charlotte Baudry, Catherine Fressange-Mazda, Pascale le Ruyet, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: When breastfeeding is not possible, infants are fed formulas in which lipids are usually of plant origin. However, the use of dairy fat in combination with plant oils enables a lipid profile in formula closer to breast milk in terms of fatty acid composition, triglyceride structure and cholesterol content. The objectives of this study were to investigate the impact on growth and gastrointestinal tolerance of a formula containing a mix of dairy lipids and plant oils in healthy infants...
January 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290427/diagnosing-pregnancy-status-using-infrared-spectra-and-milk-composition-in-dairy-cows
#9
Hugo Toledo-Alvarado, Ana I Vazquez, Gustavo de Los Campos, Robert J Tempelman, Giovanni Bittante, Alessio Cecchinato
Data on Holstein (16,890), Brown Swiss (31,441), Simmental (25,845), and Alpine Grey (12,535) cows reared in northeastern Italy were used to assess the ability of milk components (fat, protein, casein, and lactose) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectral data to diagnose pregnancy. Pregnancy status was defined as whether a pregnancy was confirmed by a subsequent calving and no other subsequent inseminations within 90 d of the breeding of specific interest. Milk samples were analyzed for components and FTIR full-spectrum data using a MilkoScan FT+ 6000 (Foss Electric, Hillerød, Denmark)...
March 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153159/a-100-year-review-total-mixed-ration-feeding-of-dairy-cows
#10
David J Schingoethe
Total mixed rations (TMR) as we know them today did not exist in 1917. In fact, TMR are an invention of primarily the last half of the past 100 yr. Prior to that time many dairy herds were fed only forages, but dairy producers started moving toward TMR feeding as milk production per cow increased, herds became larger, freestall and large-group handling of cows became more common, and milking parlors became more prevalent. The earliest known reports in the Journal of Dairy Science of feeding "complete rations" or TMR may have appeared in the 1950s, but those studies were often reported only as abstracts at annual meetings of the American Dairy Science Association or in extension-type publications...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153154/a-100-year-review-from-ascorbic-acid-to-zinc-mineral-and-vitamin-nutrition-of-dairy-cows
#11
W P Weiss
Mineral and vitamin nutrition of dairy cows was studied before the first volume of the Journal of Dairy Science was published and is still actively researched today. The initial studies on mineral nutrition of dairy cows were simple balance experiments (although the methods available at the time for measuring minerals were anything but simple). Output of Ca and P in feces, urine, and milk was subtracted from intake of Ca and P, and if values were negative it was often assumed that cows were lacking in the particular mineral...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988838/staff-food-related-behaviors-and-children-s-tastes-of-food-groups-during-lunch-at-child-care-in-oklahoma
#12
Katherine Anundson, Susan B Sisson, Michael Anderson, Diane Horm, Jill Soto, Leah Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Young children should consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods to support growth, while limiting added fat and sugar. A majority of children between the ages of 3 and 5 years attend child care in the United States, which makes this environment and the child-care staff influential at meals. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the association between best-practice food-related behaviors and young children's tastes of fruit, vegetable, low-fat dairy, and high-fat/high-sugar foods at child care...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971389/moderating-nutritious-habits-in-psychiatric-patients-using-transtheoretical-model-of-change-and-counseling
#13
Konstantina Anastopoulou, Evangelos C Fradelos, Evdokia Misouridou, Michael Kourakos, Aristea Berk, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Christos Kleisiaris, Sofia Zyga
Motivational Interviewing provides the opportunity to health professionals to have an effective strategy to increase the level of readiness to change health behaviors. Along with the Transtheoretical Model (Stages of Change Model) compose the theoretical base of intervention in psychiatry settings. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to change nutritious behavior of psychiatric patients using a specific Model of Change and Counseling implementing a health education program. METHODOLOGY: A quasi-experimental design was adopted on a random sample of 60 psychiatric patients at Military Hospital of Athens...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918149/predicting-methane-emissions-of-lactating-danish-holstein-cows-using-fourier-transform-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-of-milk
#14
N Shetty, G Difford, J Lassen, P Løvendahl, A J Buitenhuis
Enteric methane (CH4), a potent greenhouse gas, is among the main targets of mitigation practices for the dairy industry. A measurement technique that is rapid, inexpensive, easy to use, and applicable at the population level is desired to estimate CH4 emission from dairy cows. In the present study, feasibility of milk Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-IR) spectral profiles as a predictor for CH4:CO2 ratio and CH4 production (L/d) is explained. The partial least squares regression method was used to develop the prediction models...
November 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874216/nutrient-intake-rumen-fermentation-and-growth-performance-of-dairy-calves-fed-extruded-full-fat-soybean-as-a-replacement-for-soybean-meal
#15
A ZeidAli-Nejad, G R Ghorbani, S Kargar, A Sadeghi-Sefidmazgi, A Pezeshki, M H Ghaffari
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of extruded full-fat soybean (ESB) as a replacement for soybean meal (SBM) on nutrient intake, rumen fermentation, and growth performance of dairy calves. A total of 45 male Holstein dairy calves (42.0±0.5 kg of BW) were randomly assigned to one of three experimental diets: (1) 0% ESB (Control): 35.3% SBM no ESB; (2) 25% ESB: 27.0% SBM+9.0% ESB; and (3) 50% ESB: 19.0% SBM+19.0% ESB. All calves were weaned on day 56 of age and remained in the study until day 70 of age...
September 6, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856083/full-fat-milk-consumption-protects-against-severe-childhood-obesity-in-latinos
#16
Amy L Beck, Melvin Heyman, Cewin Chao, Janet Wojcicki
Consumption of non- or low-fat dairy products is recommended as a strategy to lower the risk of childhood obesity. However, recent evidence suggests that consumption of whole fat dairy products may, in fact, be protective against obesity. Our objective was to determine the association between milk fat consumption and severe obesity among three-year-old Latino children, a population with a disproportionate burden of obesity and severe obesity. 24-hour-dietary recalls were conducted to determine child intake in San Francisco based cohort recruited in 2006-7...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810831/application-of-a-bayesian-non-linear-model-hybrid-scheme-to-sequence-data-for-genomic-prediction-and-qtl-mapping
#17
Tingting Wang, Yi-Ping Phoebe Chen, Iona M MacLeod, Jennie E Pryce, Michael E Goddard, Ben J Hayes
BACKGROUND: Using whole genome sequence data might improve genomic prediction accuracy, when compared with high-density SNP arrays, and could lead to identification of casual mutations affecting complex traits. For some traits, the most accurate genomic predictions are achieved with non-linear Bayesian methods. However, as the number of variants and the size of the reference population increase, the computational time required to implement these Bayesian methods (typically with Monte Carlo Markov Chain sampling) becomes unfeasibly long...
August 15, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572881/association-between-dairy-intake-lipids-and-vascular-structure-and-function-in-diabetes
#18
Kristina S Petersen, Jennifer B Keogh, Natalie Lister, Jacquelyn M Weir, Peter J Meikle, Peter M Clifton
AIM: To determine lipid species that change in response to a change in dairy consumption. In addition, to investigate whether dairy associated lipid species are correlated with changes in measures of vascular structure and function. METHODS: A 12-mo randomised controlled trial was conducted to determine the effect of increased consumption of fruit, vegetables and dairy, compared to usual diet, on measures of vascular structure and function in adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes ( n = 108)...
May 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551189/reformulating-minas-frescal-cheese-using-consumers-perceptions-insights-from-intensity-scales-and-check-all-that-apply-questionnaires
#19
E W Oliveira, E A Esmerino, B Thomas Carr, L P F Pinto, H L A Silva, T C Pimentel, H M A Bolini, A G Cruz, M Q Freitas
We evaluated the performance of check-all-that-apply (CATA) questions and intensity scales to describe Minas Frescal cheese and its reformulation based on consumers' perceptions. Ten commercial samples with different formulations (full-fat, low-fat, or low-lactose) were evaluated by 200 consumers divided equally into 2 groups: 1 evaluated samples and described their ideal cheese using intensity scales and 1 did the same using CATA questions. Both methodologies provided similar information about the sensory characteristics of the Minas Frescal cheeses, the description of the ideal product, and directions for product reformulation...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534861/advising-consumption-of-green-vegetables-beef-and-full-fat-dairy-products-has-no-adverse-effects-on-the-lipid-profiles-in-children
#20
Ellen José van der Gaag, Romy Wieffer, Judith van der Kraats
In children, little is known about lipid profiles and the influence of dietary habits. In the past, we developed a dietary advice for optimizing the immune system, which comprised green vegetables, beef, whole milk, and full-fat butter. However, there are concerns about a possible negative influence of the full-fat dairy products of the diet on the lipid profile. We investigated the effect of the developed dietary advice on the lipid profile and BMI (body mass index)/BMI-z-score of children. In this retrospective cohort study, we included children aged 1-16 years, of whom a lipid profile was determined in the period between June 2011 and November 2013 in our hospital...
May 19, 2017: Nutrients
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