keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

skim milk

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919790/preservation-of-malassezia-pachydermatis-using-skimmed-milk-as-cryoprotective-agent
#1
F A Silva Sergent, B Acosta-Hernández, J R Jaber, I Rosario Medina, F Real Valcárcel, D Padilla Castillo, S Déniz Suárez
This study evaluated the effect of skimmed milk as a cryoprotectant for the maintenance and long-term preservation of 70 Malassezia pachydermatis strains. An initial suspension of each strain was prepared in sterile distilled water with skimmed milk. The most effective method was cryopreservation that ensured 100% viability for 2years.
December 2, 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902914/inactivation-of-avian-influenza-virus-in-nonpelleted-chicken-feed
#2
H Toro, V L van Santen, C Breedlove
Corn stored outside could become contaminated with avian influenza virus (AIV) from wild bird droppings. AIV-contaminated ingredients could pass into the poultry flocks in nonpelleted chicken feed. The efficacy of two disinfectants at inactivating AIV in chicken feed was evaluated. Both Termin-8 (a blend of formaldehyde, propionic acid, terpenes, and surfactant) and Finio (a blend of approved phytochemicals and carboxylic acids) effectively inactivated AIV in chicken feed. Because stability of infectious AIV in chicken feed is limited, we evaluated addition of protein (skim milk powder) to the virus suspension...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894832/development-of-a-rapid-one-step-screening-method-for-the-isolation-of-presumptive-proteolytic-enterococci
#3
Ken Graham, Rosemary Rea, Paul Simpson, Helena Stack
Enterococci show higher proteolytic activities than other lactic acid bacteria and thus have received considerable attention in scientific literature in recent years. Proteolytic enzymes of enterococci have warranted the use of some species as starter, adjuncts or protective cultures and as probiotics, while in some strains they have also been linked with virulence. Consequently, the isolation and identification of proteolytic enterococci is becoming of increasing interest and importance. However, current screening methods for proteolytic enterococci can be time consuming, requiring a two-step procedure which may take up to 96h...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889146/the-potential-of-species-specific-tagatose-6-phosphate-t6p-pathway-in-lactobacillus-casei-group-for-galactose-reduction-in-fermented-dairy-foods
#4
Qinglong Wu, Nagendra P Shah
Residual lactose and galactose in fermented dairy foods leads to several industrial and health concerns. There is very little information pertaining to manufacture of fermented dairy foods that are low in lactose and galactose. In the present study, comparative genomic survey demonstrated the constant presence of chromosome-encoded tagatose-6-phosphate (T6P) pathway in Lactobacillus casei group. Lactose/galactose utilization tests and β-galactosidase assay suggest that PTS(Gal) system, PTS(Lac) system and T6P pathway are major contributors for lactose/galactose catabolism in this group of organisms...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886388/phytate-calcium-molar-ratio-does-not-predict-accessibility-of-calcium-in-ready-to-eat-dishes
#5
Daniela Erba, Federica Manini, Erika Meroni, Maria C Casiraghi
BACKGROUND: Phytic acid (PA), a naturally occurring compound of plant food, is generally considered to affect mineral bioavailability. The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability of the PA/calcium molar ratio as a predictive factor of calcium accessibility in composed dishes and their ingredients. RESULTS: We chose dishes whose ingredients were rich in Ca (milk or cheese) or in PA (whole-wheat cereals) in order to consider a range of PA/Ca ratios (from 0 to 2...
November 25, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880032/zeolite-based-dry-formulations-for-conservation-and-practical-application-of-paraburkholderia-phytofirmans-psjn
#6
Teresa Berninger, Birgit Mitter, Claudia Preininger
AIM: Producing dry, zeolite-based granular and powder inoculants of the Gram negative, plant growth-promoting bacterium Paraburkholderia phytofirmans PsJN. Key aspects were maintenance of cell viability during desiccation and throughout storage at ambient conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: 20 additives and exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by PsJN were screened for conserving cell viability of PsJN in air drying and lyophilization. Suitable combinations (e.g. skimmed milk + air drying) increased survival of PsJN up to 100,000-fold and maintained it for > seven months...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879171/detection-and-quantification-of-adulterants-in-milk-powder-using-high-throughput-raman-chemical-imaging-technique
#7
Jianwei Qin, Moon S Kim, Kuanglin Chao, Sagar Dhakal, Hoonsoo Lee, Byoung-Kwan Cho, Changyeun Mo
Milk is a vulnerable target for economically motivated adulteration. In this study, a line-scan high-throughput Raman imaging system was used to authenticate milk powder. A 5 W 785 nm line laser (240 mm long and 1 mm wide) was used as a Raman excitation source. The system was used to acquire hyperspectral Raman images in a wavenumber range of 103-2881 cm(-1) from the skim milk powder mixed with two nitrogen-rich adulterants (i.e., melamine and urea) at eight concentrations (w/w) from 50 to 10,000 ppm. The powdered samples were put in sample holders with a surface area of 150 mm×100 mm and a depth of 2 mm for push-broom image acquisition...
November 23, 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873115/life-cycle-assessment-of-cheese-production-process-in-a-small-sized-dairy-industry-in-brazil
#8
Hudson Carlos Maia Santos, Henrique Leonardo Maranduba, José Adolfo de Almeida Neto, Luciano Brito Rodrigues
Current research identifies, analyzes, and suggests improvements for minimizing environmental impacts in the manufacture of cheese using the life cycle assessment. Data collection and development of the inventory were performed in a small-sized dairy industry in Brazil. A cradle-to-gate approach was conducted based on the primary data from cheese production and secondary data from databases. The ReCiPe method was used for the impact assessment, considering the categories climate change, ozone depletion, terrestrial acidification, freshwater eutrophication, photochemical oxidant formation, particulate matter formation, water depletion, and fossil depletion...
November 21, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869663/dietary-protein-sources-and-incidence-of-breast-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#9
Jing Wu, Rong Zeng, Junpeng Huang, Xufeng Li, Jiren Zhang, James Chung-Man Ho, Yanfang Zheng
Protein is important to the human body, and different sources of protein may have different effects on the risk of breast cancer. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between different dietary protein sources and breast cancer risk. PubMed and several databases were searched until December 2015. Relevant articles were retrieved according to specific searching criteria. Forty-six prospective studies were included. The summary relative risk (RR) for highest versus lowest intake was 1...
November 17, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865510/electrophoretic-characterization-of-protein-interactions-suggesting-limited-feasibility-of-accelerated-shelf-life-testing-of-ultra-high-temperature-milk
#10
Manpreet Kaur Grewal, Jayani Chandrapala, Osaana Donkor, Vasso Apostolopoulos, Todor Vasiljevic
Accelerated shelf-life testing is applied to a variety of products to estimate keeping quality over a short period of time. The industry has not been successful in applying this approach to ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk because of chemical and physical changes in the milk proteins that take place during processing and storage. We investigated these protein changes, applying accelerated shelf-life principles to UHT milk samples with different fat levels and using native- and sodium dodecyl sulfate-PAGE. Samples of UHT skim and whole milk were stored at 20, 30, 40, and 50°C for 28 d...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855913/development-and-validation-of-a-near-infrared-spectrophotometric-method-to-determine-total-antioxidant-activity-of-milk
#11
G Niero, M Penasa, S Currò, A Masi, A R Trentin, M Cassandro, M De Marchi
In the present study a spectrophotometric method for the determination of total antioxidant activity (TAA) based on ABTS assay was developed and validated on raw milk (RM), whole UHT milk (WUM), partially skimmed UHT milk (SUM), whole pasteurised milk (WM) and partially skimmed pasteurised milk (SM). The most suitable solvent for antioxidant extraction was 80% acetone. Regardless of the type of milk, the coefficient of determination from the linearity test was greater than 0.95. The limit of detection ranged from 0...
April 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845025/effect-of-different-fat-replacers-on-the-physicochemical-and-instrumental-analysis-of-low-fat-cupuassu-goat-milk-yogurts
#12
Marion P Costa, Beatriz S Frasao, Bruna L Rodrigues, Adriana Co Silva, Carlos A Conte-Junior
The aim of this Research Communication was to investigate the changes in physicochemical, colour, apparent viscosity and texture properties in low-fat goat milk yogurts prepared with cupuassu pulp by the addition of inulin (SI), maltodextrin (SM), whey protein (SW) and skim milk powder (SP). Three batches of each cupuassu goat milk yogurt were prepared and analysed on the 1st day of storage by pH, proximate composition, colour, apparent viscosity, and texture. In comparison to yogurts from whole (W) or skimmed milk (S), all of the fat replacers improved the physicochemical properties (P < 0·05)...
November 2016: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842963/environmental-impacts-of-milk-powder-and-butter-manufactured-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#13
William Finnegan, Jamie Goggins, Eoghan Clifford, Xinmin Zhan
The abolition of the milk quota system that was in place in Europe was abolished in 2015, which instigated an immediate increase in milk production in many European countries. This increase will aid in addressing the world's ever growing demand for food, but will incur increased stresses on the environmental impact and sustainability of the dairy industry. In this study, an environmental life cycle assessment was performed in order to estimate the environmental impacts associated with the manufacture of milk powder and butter in the Republic of Ireland...
November 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842727/minimization-of-diauxic-growth-lag-phase-for-high-efficiency-biogas-production
#14
Min Jee Kim, Sang Hun Kim
The objective of this study was to develop a minimization method of a diauxic growth lag-phase for the biogas production from agricultural by-products (ABPs). Specifically, the effects of proximate composition on the biogas production and degradation rates of the ABPs were investigated, and a new method based on proximate composition combinations was developed to minimize the diauxic growth lag-phase. Experiments were performed using biogas potential tests at a substrate loading of 2.5 g VS/L and feed to microorganism ratio (F/M) of 0...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834797/leptin-levels-are-higher-in-whole-compared-to-skim-human-milk-supporting-a-cellular-contribution
#15
Sambavi Kugananthan, Ching Tat Lai, Zoya Gridneva, Peter J Mark, Donna T Geddes, Foteini Kakulas
Human milk (HM) contains a plethora of metabolic hormones, including leptin, which is thought to participate in the regulation of the appetite of the developing infant. Leptin in HM is derived from a combination of de novo mammary synthesis and transfer from the maternal serum. Moreover, leptin is partially lipophilic and is also present in HM cells. However, leptin has predominately been measured in skim HM, which contains neither fat nor cells. We optimised an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for leptin measurement in both whole and skim HM and compared leptin levels between both HM preparations collected from 61 lactating mothers...
November 8, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826960/oral-food-desensitization-in-children-with-ige-mediated-cow-s-milk-allergy-immunological-changes-underlying-desensitization
#16
Laura Perezábad, Marta Reche, Teresa Valbuena, Rosina López-Fandiño, Elena Molina, Iván López-Expósito
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy to induce clinical desensitization to cow's milk (CM) of an oral immunotherapy (OIT) protocol in a pediatric population with cow's milk allergy (CMA). In addition, the immune responses against β-casein, of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from CMA patients, before and after the protocol were evaluated and compared to a nonallergic population. METHODS: A group of 20 children with IgE-mediated CMA and 15 nonallergic children were recruited...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822898/optimization-of-air-blast-drying-process-for-manufacturing-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-and-non-saccharomyces-yeast-as-industrial-wine-starters
#17
Sae-Byuk Lee, Won-Seok Choi, Hyun-Jung Jo, Soo-Hwan Yeo, Heui-Dong Park
Wine yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae D8) and non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts (Hanseniaspora uvarum S6 and Issatchenkia orientalis KMBL5774) were studied using air-blast drying instead of the conventional drying methods (such as freeze and spray drying). Skim milk-a widely used protective agent-was used and in all strains, the highest viabilities following air-blast drying were obtained using 10% skim milk. Four excipients (wheat flour, nuruk, artichoke powder, and lactomil) were evaluated as protective agents for yeast strains during air-blast drying...
December 2016: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796789/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-microrna-size-secretable-small-rna-in-streptococcus-sanguinis
#18
Ji-Woong Choi, Tae-Yub Kwon, Su-Hyung Hong, Heon-Jin Lee
MicroRNAs in eukaryotic cells are thought to control highly complex signal transduction and other biological processes by regulating coding transcripts, accounting for their important role in cellular events in eukaryotes. Recently, a novel class of bacterial RNAs similar in size [18-22 nucleotides (nt)] to microRNAs has been reported. Herein, we describe microRNAs, small RNAs from the oral pathogen Streptococcus sanguinis. The bacteria are normally present in the oral cavities and cause endocarditis by contaminating bloodstreams...
October 31, 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790911/release-of-the-anti-hypertensive-tripeptides-valine-proline-proline-and-isoleucine-proline-proline-from-bovine-milk-caseins-during-in-vitro-gastro-intestinal-digestion
#19
Giuseppina Sefora Rutella, Lisa Solieri, Serena Martini, Davide Tagliazucchi
The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the release of antihypertensive tripeptides valine-proline-proline (VPP) and isoleucine-proline-proline (IPP) during in vitro oro-gastro-intestinal (OGI) digestion of bovine skimmed milk. The experimental approach combined the recently developed harmonized static in vitro digestion (IVD) model and targeted mass spectrometry in order to monitor peptide generation. We firstly demonstrated that VPP and IPP are released from bovine milk proteins during in vitro OGI digestion at final concentrations of 354...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789059/protective-effects-of-opuntia-ficus-indica-extract-on-ram-sperm-quality-lipid-peroxidation-and-dna-fragmentation-during-liquid-storage
#20
Larbi Allai, Xavier Druart, Mehmet Öztürk, Anass BenMoula, Boubker Nasser, Bouchra El Amiri
The present study aimed to assess the phenolic composition of the acetone extract from Opuntia ficus indica cladodes (ACTEX) and its effects on ram semen variables, lipid peroxidation and DNA fragmentation during liquid storage at 5°C for up to 72h in skim milk and Tris egg yolk extenders. Semen samples from five rams were pooled extended with Tris-egg yolk (TEY) or skim milk (SM) extenders containing ACTEX (0%, 1%, 2%, 4% and 8%) at a final concentration of 0.8×10(9) sperm/ml and stored for up to 72h at 5°C...
December 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
keyword
keyword
101098
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"