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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424261/zinc-absorption-from-milk-is-affected-by-dilution-but-not-by-thermal-processing-and-milk-enhances-absorption-of-zinc-from-high-phytate-rice-in-young-dutch-women
#1
Elise F Talsma, Diego Moretti, Sou Chheng Ly, Renske Dekkers, Ellen Ghm van den Heuvel, Aditia Fitri, Esther Boelsma, Tjeerd Jan Stomph, Christophe Zeder, Alida Melse-Boonstra
Background: Milk has been suggested to increase zinc absorption. The effect of processing and the ability of milk to enhance zinc absorption from other foods has not been measured directly in humans.Objective: We aimed to assess zinc absorption from 1) milk undergoing various processing and preparatory steps and 2) from intrinsically labeled high-phytate rice consumed with milk or water.Methods: Two randomized crossover studies were conducted in healthy young women [age:18-25 y; body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 20-25]: 1) a milk study (n = 19) comparing the consumption of 800 mL full-fat ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk [heat-treated milk (HTM)], full-fat UHT milk diluted 1:1 with water [heat-treated milk and water (MW)], water, or unprocessed (raw) milk (UM), each extrinsically labeled with (67)Zn, and 2) a rice study (n = 18) comparing the consumption of 90 g intrinsically (67)Zn-labeled rice with 600 mL of water [rice and water (RW)] or full-fat UHT milk [rice and milk (RM)]...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362343/characterization-of-retail-conventional-organic-and-grass-full-fat-butters-by-their-fat-contents-free-fatty-acid-contents-and-triglyceride-and-fatty-acid-profiling
#2
Annemieke M Pustjens, Rita Boerrigter-Eenling, Alex H Koot, Maikel Rozijn, Saskia M van Ruth
In the Netherlands, butter is produced from milk originating from three different production systems: conventional, organic, and grass-fed cows. The aim of the current study was to characterize these types of butters, and pinpoint distinct compositional differences. Retail conventional (n = 28), organic (n = 14), and grass (n = 12) full-fat butters were collected during the winter and summer seasons. Samples were analyzed for their fat content, free fatty acid (FFA) content, and triglyceride (TG) and fatty acid (FA) profiles...
March 31, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356085/cnv-discovery-for-milk-composition-traits-in-dairy-cattle-using-whole-genome-resequencing
#3
Yahui Gao, Jianping Jiang, Shaohua Yang, Yali Hou, George E Liu, Shengli Zhang, Qin Zhang, Dongxiao Sun
BACKGROUND: Copy number variations (CNVs) are important and widely distributed in the genome. CNV detection opens a new avenue for exploring genes associated with complex traits in humans, animals and plants. Herein, we present a genome-wide assessment of CNVs that are potentially associated with milk composition traits in dairy cattle. RESULTS: In this study, CNVs were detected based on whole genome re-sequencing data of eight Holstein bulls from four half- and/or full-sib families, with extremely high and low estimated breeding values (EBVs) of milk protein percentage and fat percentage...
March 29, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340762/reference-free-spectroscopic-determination-of-fat-and-protein-in-milk-in-the-visible-and-near-infrared-region-below-1000nm-using-spatially-resolved-diffuse-reflectance-fiber-probe
#4
Andrey Bogomolov, Valeria Belikova, Vladislav Galyanin, Anastasiia Melenteva, Hans Meyer
New technique of diffuse reflectance spectroscopic analysis of milk fat and total protein content in the visible (Vis) and adjacent near infrared (NIR) region (400-995nm) has been developed and tested. Sample analysis was performed through a probe having eight 200-µm fiber channels forming a linear array. One of the end fibers was used for the illumination and other seven - for the spectroscopic detection of diffusely reflected light. One of the detection channels was used as a reference to normalize the spectra and to convert them into absorbance-equivalent units...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333357/dietary-patterns-foods-and-nutrients-in-male-fertility-parameters-and-fecundability-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#5
Albert Salas-Huetos, Mònica Bulló, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a global public health issue, affecting 15% of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased semen quality, are responsible for ~25% of these cases. The dietary pattern, the components of the diet and nutrients have been studied as possible determinants of sperm function and/or fertility. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Previous systematic reviews have been made of the few heterogeneous low-quality randomized clinical trials (RCTs) conducted in small samples of participants and investigating the effect of specific nutrients and nutritional supplements on male infertility...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322165/anti-inflammatory-and-anti-arthritic-activity-of-different-milk-based-formulation-of-curcumin-in-rat-model
#6
Sumeet Gupta
Inflammation is the key mediator for arthritis. Plant based products are most useful for treating various disorders, but at the same time drug absorbtion is utmost important for effective therapy. The aim of the study was to find out the therapeutic concern in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters in an arthritis induced rat model. Carrageenan and complete Freud's adjuvant, both were used for an arthritis induction as an animal model. Five different formulations of curcumin were prepared in single toned milk, double toned milk, full fat milk, full fat milk with ghee and in an aqueous suspension...
March 20, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228848/brazilian-dietary-patterns-and-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-relationship-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#7
Michele Drehmer, Andrew O Odegaard, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Sheila M Alvim Matos, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Sandhi M Barreto, Mark A Pereira
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating dietary patterns, including the DASH diet, and their relationship with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes may help to understand the role of dairy products (low fat or full fat) in these conditions. Our aim is to identify dietary patterns in Brazilian adults and compare them with the (DASH) diet quality score in terms of their associations with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health-the ELSA-Brasil study...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213213/titanium-iv-ion-modified-covalent-organic-frameworks-for-specific-enrichment-of-phosphopeptides
#8
Heping Wang, Fenglong Jiao, Fangyuan Gao, Yayao Lv, Qiong Wu, Yan Zhao, Yehua Shen, Yangjun Zhang, Xiaohong Qian
To date, plenty of new alternative materials for phosphopeptides enrichment prior to mass spectrometry (MS) analysis appear, especially immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) materials. The variable combinations with different metal ions, chelating ligands and solid supports offer full of optionality for IMAC. However, further improvement was predicted by the tedious and complex synthetic process. In this work, a novel covalent organic framework (COF)-based IMAC material (denoted TpPa-2-Ti(4+)) was prepared simply by direct immobilizing Ti (IV) into TpPa-2 COFs without any extra chelating ligands...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211112/impact-of-a-targeted-direct-marketing-price-promotion-intervention-buywell-on-food-purchasing-behaviour-by-low-income-consumers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
M Stead, A M MacKintosh, A Findlay, L Sparks, A S Anderson, K Barton, D Eadie
BACKGROUND: Price promotions are a promising intervention for encouraging healthier food purchasing. We aimed to assess the impact of a targeted direct marketing price promotion combined with healthy eating advice and recipe suggestions on the purchase of selected healthier foods by low income consumers. METHODS: We conducted a randomised controlled trial (n = 53 367) of a direct marketing price promotion (Buywell) combined with healthy eating advice and recipe suggestions for low income consumers identified as 'less healthy' shoppers...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194267/retinol-%C3%AE-tocopherol-and-selected-minerals-in-breast-milk-of-lactating-women-with-full-term-infants-in-south-korea
#10
Hyesook Kim, Byung-Mun Jung, Bum-Noh Lee, Yun-Je Kim, Ji A Jung, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to measure fat-soluble vitamins and minerals in breast milk of Korean lactating mothers who exclusively breastfed their babies. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Breast milk samples were collected from 334 mothers. Concentrations of retinol and α-tocopherol were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography ultraviolet spectrometry while concentrations of minerals were measured by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry...
February 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179224/dietary-protein-is-associated-with-musculoskeletal-health-independently-of-dietary-pattern-the-framingham-third-generation-study
#11
Kelsey M Mangano, Shivani Sahni, Douglas P Kiel, Katherine L Tucker, Alyssa B Dufour, Marian T Hannan
Background: Above-average dietary protein, as a single nutrient, improves musculoskeletal health. Evaluating the link between dietary protein and musculoskeletal health from a whole-diet perspective is important, as dietary guidelines focus on dietary patterns.Objective: We examined the prospective association of novel dietary protein food clusters (derived from established dietary pattern techniques) with appendicular lean mass (ALM), quadriceps strength (QS), and bone mineral density (BMD) in 2986 men and women, aged 19-72 y, from the Framingham Third Generation Study...
March 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030618/whole-genome-resequencing-of-holstein-bulls-for-indel-discovery-and-identification-of-genes-associated-with-milk-composition-traits-in-dairy-cattle
#12
Jianping Jiang, Yahui Gao, Yali Hou, Wenhui Li, Shengli Zhang, Qin Zhang, Dongxiao Sun
The use of whole-genome resequencing to obtain more information on genetic variation could produce a range of benefits for the dairy cattle industry, especially with regard to increasing milk production and improving milk composition. In this study, we sequenced the genomes of eight Holstein bulls from four half- or full-sib families, with high and low estimated breeding values (EBVs) of milk protein percentage and fat percentage at an average effective depth of 10×, using Illumina sequencing. Over 0.9 million nonredundant short insertions and deletions (indels) [1-49 base pairs (bp)] were obtained...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026708/beverages-and-snacks-available-in-vending-machines-from-a-subset-of-ontario-secondary-schools-do-offerings-align-with-provincial-nutrition-standards
#13
Taryn Orava, Steve Manske, Rhona Hanning
OBJECTIVES: As part of an evaluation of Ontario's School Food and Beverage Policy (P/PM 150) in a populous Ontario region, this research aimed to: 1) identify, describe and categorize beverages and snacks available for purchase in secondary school vending machines according to P/PM 150 standards; and 2) compare the number and percentage of beverages and snacks within P/PM 150 categories (Sell Most, Sell Less, Not Permitted) from Time I (2012/2013) to Time II (2014). METHODS: Representatives from consenting secondary schools assisted researchers in completing a Food Environmental Scan checklist in Times I and II...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865487/prediction-and-validation-of-residual-feed-intake-and-dry-matter-intake-in-danish-lactating-dairy-cows-using-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-of-milk
#14
N Shetty, P Løvendahl, M S Lund, A J Buitenhuis
The present study explored the effectiveness of Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-IR) spectral profiles as a predictor for dry matter intake (DMI) and residual feed intake (RFI). The partial least squares regression method was used to develop the prediction models. The models were validated using different external test sets, one randomly leaving out 20% of the records (validation A), the second randomly leaving out 20% of cows (validation B), and a third (for DMI prediction models) randomly leaving out one cow (validation C)...
January 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842963/environmental-impacts-of-milk-powder-and-butter-manufactured-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#15
William Finnegan, Jamie Goggins, Eoghan Clifford, Xinmin Zhan
The abolition of the milk quota system that was in place in Europe was abolished in 2015, which instigated an immediate increase in milk production in many European countries. This increase will aid in addressing the world's ever growing demand for food, but will incur increased stresses on the environmental impact and sustainability of the dairy industry. In this study, an environmental life cycle assessment was performed in order to estimate the environmental impacts associated with the manufacture of milk powder and butter in the Republic of Ireland...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792184/water-and-beverage-consumption-analysis-of-the-australian-2011-2012-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#16
Zhixian Sui, Miaobing Zheng, Man Zhang, Anna Rangan
BACKGROUND: Water consumption as a vital component of the human diet is under-researched in dietary surveys and nutrition studies. AIM: To assess total water and fluid intakes and examine demographic, anthropometric, and dietary factors associated with water consumption in the Australian population. METHODS: Dietary intake data from the 2011 to 2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used. Usual water, fluid and food and nutrient intakes were estimated from two days of dietary recalls...
October 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751208/-relationship-between-breast-milk-composition-and-weight-growth-velocity-of-infants-fed-with-exclusive-breast-milk
#17
Li-Li Huang, Fei Xiong, Fan Yang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of breast milk composition on weight growth velocity of infants fed with exclusive breast milk. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight full-term singleton infants who received regular follow-up visits and fed with exclusive breast milk and their mothers were recruited. Body height, weight and head circumference of these infants were measured at regular visits. Z scores were used to evaluate growth velocity. The subjects were classified into a failure to thrive group (ΔZ scores≤-0...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722602/relating-rheology-and-tribology-of-commercial-dairy-colloids-to-sensory-perception
#18
Laura Laguna, Grace Farrell, Michael Bryant, Ardian Morina, Anwesha Sarkar
This study aims to investigate the relationship between rheological and tribological properties of commercial full fat and fat-free/low fat versions of liquid and soft solid colloidal systems (milk, yoghurt, soft cream cheese) with their sensory properties. Oscillatory measurements (strain, frequency), flow curves and tribological measurements (lubrication behaviour using Stribeck analysis) were conducted. Oral condition was mimicked using artificial saliva at 37 (○)C. Discrimination test was conducted by 63 untrained consumers, followed by a qualitative questionnaire...
September 22, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720161/effect-of-pasture-versus-indoor-feeding-systems-on-raw-milk-composition-and-quality-over-an-entire-lactation
#19
Tom F O'Callaghan, Deirdre Hennessy, Stephen McAuliffe, Kieran N Kilcawley, Michael O'Donovan, Pat Dillon, R Paul Ross, Catherine Stanton
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different feeding systems on milk quality and composition. Fifty-four multiparous and primiparous Friesian lactating cows were divided into 3 groups (n=18) to study the effects of 3 feeding systems over a full lactation. Group 1 was housed indoors and offered a total mixed ration diet (TMR), group 2 was maintained outdoors on a perennial ryegrass pasture (referred to as grass), and group 3 was also grazed outdoors on a perennial ryegrass/white clover pasture (referred to as clover)...
December 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710983/vitamin-d-content-in-fortified-low-fat-milk-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Syed N Alvi, Chafica El Tabache, Abdullah Al-Ashwall, Muhammad Maher Hammami
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is common in many countries, including Saudi Arabia. Various population-level preventive measures have been implemented, including milk fortification with vitamin D. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the study was to determine vitamin D levels in fortified low fat cow milk on the Saudi Arabian market and to compare it with the label claims. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic research center...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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