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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784603/does-type-of-feeding-affect-body-composition-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Mól Nina, Zasada Magdalena, Kwinta Przemko
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyse body composition of preterm infants fed with either breast milk or formula compared to a control group of full-term newborns. METHODS: Fifty-three newborns were enrolled: a group of 34 very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm newborns subdivided into a formula-fed (n = 23; group A) and breast milk-fed (n = 11; group B) group, and a control group of 19 full-term infants (group C). Their body composition was assessed by a bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) either at the estimated time of birth in the VLBW group or during the 1st week of life in the full-term group...
May 4, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753482/performance-of-holstein-and-swedish-red-%C3%A3-jersey-holstein-crossbred-dairy-cows-within-low-and-medium-concentrate-grassland-based-systems
#2
C P Ferris, P J Purcell, A W Gordon, T Larsen, M Vestergaard
This 2 × 2 factorial design experiment was conducted to compare the performance of spring-calving Holstein dairy cows (HOL, n = 34) with Swedish Red × Jersey/Holstein crossbred (SR × J/HOL, n = 34) dairy cows within low and medium concentrate input grassland-based dairy systems. The experiment commenced when cows calved and encompassed 1 full lactation. Cows were offered diets containing grass silage and concentrates [70:30 dry matter (DM) ratio, and 40:60 DM ratio, for low and medium, respectively] until turnout, grazed grass plus either 1...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739585/comparison-of-methylation-methods-for-fatty-acid-analysis-of-milk-fat
#3
Zhiqian Liu, Vilnis Ezernieks, Simone Rochfort, Ben Cocks
Three acid- and alkaline-catalysed transesterification methods were compared with the aim to validate a simple yet reliable protocol for fatty acid (FA) profiling of milk fat. While both the acid- and alkaline-catalysed methods were able to convert completely triglycerides and phospholipids into fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs), the acid catalyst caused significant degradation of conjugated linoleic acid C18:2c9t11 at high temperature. Although a milder temperature can mitigate this negative impact, a long reaction time (2 h) is required to achieve full methylation...
September 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689751/effect-of-standardized-feeding-protocol-on-nutrient-supply-and-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#4
Z Khan, N Morris, H Unterrainer, N Haiden, S J Holasek, B Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a medical emergency and it is becoming evident that adequate nutrition starting in the first hours of life is of major importance for short and even more so for long-term health outcomes of the premature newborn. The aim was to analyze postnatal nutrient supply and growth patterns of preterm infants in response to a standardized feeding protocol during stay at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at NICU, Children Hospital Graz...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689312/wound-healing-property-of-milk-in-full-thickness-wound-model-of-rabbit
#5
Ali Asghar Hemmati, Anahita Rezaei, Amir Larki-Harchegani, Gholamreza Housmand, Somayeh Shabib, Amir Jalali
OBJECTIVE: Wound healing consists of several continuous phases in which various cells and chemical intermediates are involved. Milk as a rich source of nutrition elements has proved to have potential benefits of treatment of various diseases. The present study was designed to investigate the healing effect of low-fat cow's milk on an open skin wound model in rabbits. METHODS: The 2%, 5%, and 10% (w/w) ointments of lyophilized powder of low-fat milk were prepared ineucerin base and were applied twice daily in the treatment groups...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680646/from-cow-to-cheese-novel-phenotypes-related-to-the-sensory-profile-of-model-cheeses-from-individual-cows
#6
C Cipolat-Gotet, A Cecchinato, M A Drake, A Marangon, B Martin, G Bittante
Milk samples were taken once from a total of 1,224 Brown Swiss cows from 83 herds, and 1,500 mL of raw full-fat milk from each cow was processed according to a laboratory-scale model-cheese-making procedure. A sensory panel was assembled and the members trained to evaluate the sensory profile of individual model cheeses. The protocol scorecard was composed of 7 main sensory descriptors related to smell intensity, flavor intensity, taste (salt and sour), and texture (elasticity, firmness, and moisture), and 40 sensory attributes describing smell and flavor profiles...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663376/dairy-product-consumption-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-an-older-mediterranean-population-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#7
Laura Barrubés, Nancy Babio, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Estefania Toledo, Judith B Ramírez-Sabio, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Fitó, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, José Vicente Sorlí, Josep Basora, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Prospective studies have reported an inverse association between the consumption of total dairy products and milk and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Nonetheless, there is little and inconsistent evidence regarding subtypes of dairy product and CRC risk. We assessed the associations between the consumption of total dairy products, their different subtypes and CRC risk in older Mediterranean individuals at high cardiovascular risk. We analyzed data from 7,216 men and women (55-80 years) without CRC at baseline from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea study...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615142/impact-of-automatic-milking-systems-on-dairy-cattle-producers-reports-of-milking-labour-management-milk-production-and-milk-quality
#8
C Tse, H W Barkema, T J DeVries, J Rushen, E A Pajor
Automatic milking systems (AMS), or milking robots, are becoming widely accepted as a milking technology that reduces labour and increases milk yield. However, reported amount of labour saved, changes in milk yield, and milk quality when transitioning to AMS vary widely. The purpose of this study was to document the impact of adopting AMS on farms with regards to reported changes in milking labour management, milk production, milk quality, and participation in dairy herd improvement (DHI) programmes. A survey was conducted across Canada over the phone, online, and in-person...
April 4, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609865/dairy-shows-different-associations-with-abdominal-and-bmi-defined-overweight-cross-sectional-analyses-exploring-a-variety-of-dairy-products
#9
E M Brouwer-Brolsma, D Sluik, C M Singh-Povel, E J M Feskens
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have suggested weight-regulatory properties for several dairy nutrients, but population-based studies on dairy and body weight are inconclusive. We explored cross-sectional associations between dairy consumption and indicators of overweight. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 114,682 Dutch adults, aged ≥18 years. Dairy consumption was quantified by a food frequency questionnaire. Abdominal overweight was defined as waist circumference (WC) ≥88 cm (women) or ≥102 cm (men) (n = 37,391), overweight as BMI ≥25-30 kg/m2 (n = 44,772) and obesity as BMI ≥30 kg/m2 (n = 15,339)...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498341/dairy-product-consumption-is-associated-with-pre-diabetes-and-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-in-the-lifelines-cohort-study
#10
Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Diewertje Sluik, Cecile M Singh-Povel, Edith J M Feskens
Previous studies show associations between dairy product consumption and type 2 diabetes, but only a few studies conducted detailed analyses for a variety of dairy subgroups. Therefore, we examined cross-sectional associations of a broad variety of dairy subgroups with pre-diabetes and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (ND-T2DM) among Dutch adults. In total, 112 086 adults without diabetes completed a semi-quantitative FFQ and donated blood. Pre-diabetes was defined as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) between 5·6 and 6·9 mmol/l or HbA1c% of 5·7-6·4 %...
February 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494487/dairy-fats-and-cardiovascular-disease-do-we-really-need-to-be-concerned
#11
REVIEW
Ronan Lordan, Alexandros Tsoupras, Bhaskar Mitra, Ioannis Zabetakis
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain a major cause of death and morbidity globally and diet plays a crucial role in the disease prevention and pathology. The negative perception of dairy fats stems from the effort to reduce dietary saturated fatty acid (SFA) intake due to their association with increased cholesterol levels upon consumption and the increased risk of CVD development. Institutions that set dietary guidelines have approached dairy products with negative bias and used poor scientific data in the past...
March 1, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475767/foods-served-in-child-care-facilities-participating-in-the-child-and-adult-care-food-program-menu-match-and-agreement-with-the-new-meal-patterns-and-best-practices
#12
Jayna M Dave, Karen W Cullen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement of posted menus with foods served to 3- to 5-year-old children attending federal Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)-enrolled facilities, and the degree to which the facilities met the new meal patterns and best practices. DESIGN: On-site observations and menu coding. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Nine early care and education centers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Agreement of posted menus with foods served, and comparison of foods served and consumed with the new CACFP meal guidelines and best practices...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387423/occurrence-of-preterm-calving-in-great-britain-and-associations-with-milk-production-and-reproductive-performance-in-dairy-cattle
#13
Angela Filipa Damaso, Martina Velasova, Steven Van Winden, Yu-Mei Chang, Javier Guitian
This study describes the occurrence of preterm calving in Great Britain and evaluates its associations with subsequent milk production and reproductive performances and survival on farm of dairy cows. A total of 53 British dairy farms and 5759 animals with detailed breeding and milk recording data available were used to form two study groups: preterm calving (calving occurring between days 266 and 277 of gestation) and full-term calving (calving occurring at 278 days of gestation and over). Mixed effects models were implemented to compare milk production, clinical cases of mastitis and number of services per conception between groups...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357820/no-effect-of-adding-dairy-lipids-or-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-formula-tolerance-and-growth-in-full-term-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Maria Lorella Gianni, Paola Roggero, Charlotte Baudry, Catherine Fressange-Mazda, Pascale le Ruyet, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: When breastfeeding is not possible, infants are fed formulas in which lipids are usually of plant origin. However, the use of dairy fat in combination with plant oils enables a lipid profile in formula closer to breast milk in terms of fatty acid composition, triglyceride structure and cholesterol content. The objectives of this study were to investigate the impact on growth and gastrointestinal tolerance of a formula containing a mix of dairy lipids and plant oils in healthy infants...
January 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346357/type-of-cows-milk-consumption-and-relationship-to-health-predictors-in-new-zealand-preschool-children
#15
Hajar Mazahery, Carlos A Camargo, Carolyn Cairncross, Lisa A Houghton, Cameron C Grant, Jane Coad, Cathryn A Conlon, Pamela R von Hurst
AIMS: New Zealand dietary guidelines recommend children from two years of age consume low- or reduced-fat milk. We aimed to investigate the predictors of type of milk consumption in preschool children. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional study which enrolled preschool children (2-<5 years, n=1,329) from throughout New Zealand. RESULTS: Cows' milk was consumed regularly by 88% of children. Of these, 26% consumed plain low- or reduced-fat milk, while 74% consumed full-fat milk...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290427/diagnosing-pregnancy-status-using-infrared-spectra-and-milk-composition-in-dairy-cows
#16
Hugo Toledo-Alvarado, Ana I Vazquez, Gustavo de Los Campos, Robert J Tempelman, Giovanni Bittante, Alessio Cecchinato
Data on Holstein (16,890), Brown Swiss (31,441), Simmental (25,845), and Alpine Grey (12,535) cows reared in northeastern Italy were used to assess the ability of milk components (fat, protein, casein, and lactose) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectral data to diagnose pregnancy. Pregnancy status was defined as whether a pregnancy was confirmed by a subsequent calving and no other subsequent inseminations within 90 d of the breeding of specific interest. Milk samples were analyzed for components and FTIR full-spectrum data using a MilkoScan FT+ 6000 (Foss Electric, Hillerød, Denmark)...
March 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240511/meeting-the-nutritional-needs-of-premature-babies-their-future-is-in-our-hands
#17
Arieh Riskin
The goals of early nutrition in preterm infants are to provide all the necessary vital nutrients, achieve extra-uterine growth rates similar to fetuses of the same gestational age, and support functional neurodevelopmental outcomes that are comparable to those of infants born at term. It is vital to provide nutrition that will maximally support brain growth and development, but over-feeding with accelerated growth, fat accumulation and long-term metabolic consequences should also be avoided. Because the morbidity associated with prematurity increases nutritional and energetic demands, the basic approach is of providing early intensive nutrition...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218131/hypocalcemia-associated-with-subcutaneous-fat-necrosis-of-the-newborn-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Alphonsus N Onyiriuka, Theodora E Utomi
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SCFNN) is a rare benign inflammatory disorder of the adipose tissue but may be complicated by hypercalcemia or less frequently, hypocalcemia, resulting in morbidity and mortality. Here we report the case of a neonate with subcutaneous fat necrosis who surprisingly developed hypocalcemia instead of hypercalcemia. A full-term female neonate was delivered by emergency cesarean section for fetal distress and was subsequently admitted to the Special Care Baby Unit. The mother's pregnancy was uncomplicated up to delivery...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204902/diet-and-risk-of-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Courtney Dow, Francesca Mancini, Kalina Rajaobelina, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Beverley Balkau, Fabrice Bonnet, Guy Fagherazzi
Diabetic retinopathy is a microvascular complication of diabetes that threatens all individuals with diabetes, leading to vision loss or blindness if left untreated. It is frequently associated with diabetic macular edema, which can occur at any point during the development of diabetic retinopathy. The key factors known to lead to its development include hyperglycemia, hypertension, and the duration of diabetes. Though the diet is important in the development of diabetes, its role in diabetic retinopathy has not been clearly identified...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153182/a-100-year-review-cheese-production-and-quality
#20
M E Johnson
In the beginning, cheese making in the United States was all art, but embracing science and technology was necessary to make progress in producing a higher quality cheese. Traditional cheese making could not keep up with the demand for cheese, and the development of the factory system was necessary. Cheese quality suffered because of poor-quality milk, but 3 major innovations changed that: refrigeration, commercial starters, and the use of pasteurized milk for cheese making. Although by all accounts cold storage improved cheese quality, it was the improvement of milk quality, pasteurization of milk, and the use of reliable cultures for fermentation that had the biggest effect...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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