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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711042/the-effects-of-human-milk-fortification-on-nutrients-and-milk-properties
#1
R Donovan, S G Kelly, P Prazad, P N Talaty, C Lefaiver, M L Hastings, D N Everly
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of fortification and storage on nutrients and properties of various human milk (HM) types. STUDY DESIGN: Mother's own milk (MOM) and pasteurized donor human milk (DHM; n=118) were analyzed pre- and post fortification with Enfamil and Similac human milk fortifier (EHMF and SHMF) before and after 24 h of refrigerated storage. RESULTS: Milk fortified with SHMF had significantly greater osmolality, pH and lipase activity than EHMF...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22437472/effect-of-added-calcium-phosphorus-and-infant-formula-on-calcium-and-phosphorus-dialyzability-in-preterm-donor-human-milk
#2
April D Fogleman, Ronald S Cohen, Pauline Sakamoto, Jonathan C Allen
OBJECTIVES: We studied the effect of preparing donor human milk (DHM) with commonly used nutritional additives on the dialyzability of calcium and phosphate. We hypothesized that the additives to DHM would decrease the dialyzability of calcium and phosphate when prepared according to hospital protocols. METHODS: An in vitro system simulating premature infant digestion was developed to measure dialyzability of calcium and phosphate in DHM. Dialyzable calcium and phosphate were measured after in vitro digestion in DHM before and after preparation of DHM with the following additives according to hospital protocols: calcium glubionate, sodium potassium phosphate, calcium glubionate and sodium potassium phosphate added together, Similac human milk fortifier, Similac NeoSure, or Enfamil Enfacare...
October 2012: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22337912/low-iodine-content-in-the-diets-of-hospitalized-preterm-infants
#3
Mandy B Belfort, Elizabeth N Pearce, Lewis E Braverman, Xuemei He, Rosalind S Brown
CONTEXT: Iodine is critical for normal thyroid hormone synthesis and brain development during infancy, and preterm infants are particularly vulnerable to the effects of both iodine deficiency and excess. Use of iodine-containing skin antiseptics in intensive care nurseries has declined substantially in recent years, but whether the current dietary iodine intake meets the requirement for hospitalized preterm infants is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to measure the iodine content of enteral and parenteral nutrition products commonly used for hospitalized preterm infants and estimate the daily iodine intake for a hypothetical 1-kg infant...
April 2012: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16028632/the-effect-of-calcium-salts-ascorbic-acid-and-peptic-ph-on-calcium-zinc-and-iron-bioavailabilities-from-fortified-human-milk-using-an-in-vitro-digestion-caco-2-cell-model
#4
Paz Etcheverry, John Charles Wallingford, Dennis Dean Miller, Raymond Philip Glahn
The calcium, zinc, and iron bioavailabilities of human milk with commercial and noncommercial human milk fortifiers (HMFs) were evaluated under a variety of conditions: peptic digestion at pH 2 and pH 4, supplementation of ascorbic acid, and addition of three calcium salts. The noncommercial HMFs consisted of casein phosphopeptides (CPPs), alpha-lactalbumin, colostrum, and hydrolyzed whey protein concentrate (WPC). They were mixed with human milk (HM) and calcium, zinc, and iron were added. Ascorbic acid (AA) was added in certain studies...
May 2005: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15529811/-effects-on-growth-tolerability-and-biochemical-parameters-of-two-different-human-milk-fortifiers-in-very-low-birth-weight-newborns
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A A Zuppa, P Girlando, M E Scapillati, L Maggio, C Romagnoli, G Tortorolo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare a group of very low birth-weight infants feeded with a preterm formula with two other groups feeded with human milk and two different fortifiers. METHODS: 30 preterm newborns with birth-weight < 1.500 g, admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Department of Neonatology of Catholic University of Rome were randomized for three different feeding groups: total enteral nutrition with HM fortified with Enfamil Human Milk fortifier or with Eoprotin, compared to a group feeded with Similac 24 preterm formula...
January 2004: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/14647156/effects-of-powdered-human-milk-fortifiers-on-the-antibacterial-actions-of-human-milk
#6
Gary M Chan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of powdered fortifiers and the addition of iron and medium-chain triglycerides on preterm human milk antibacterial activity. STUDY DESIGN: Human milk samples were obtained from 42 preterm lactating mothers after the first week of postnatal life. Enfamil (EHMF) and Similac (SHMF) Human Milk Fortifiers were evaluated. All mothers were healthy and were on no medications except for vitamins during lactation. The effects of each fortifier against E...
December 2003: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12728082/reduced-bone-mineralization-in-infants-fed-palm-olein-containing-formula-a-randomized-double-blinded-prospective-trial
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Winston W K Koo, Mouhanad Hammami, Dean P Margeson, Chuks Nwaesei, Michael B Montalto, John B Lasekan
OBJECTIVE: Palm and palm olein (PO) oils are used in some infant formula fat blends to match the fatty acid profile of human milk, but their presence has been shown to lower calcium and fat absorption. We aimed to determine if the reported differences in calcium absorption could affect skeletal development by comparing bone mineral accretion in healthy term infants fed a milk-based formula with (PMF) or without PO. METHODS: Whole body bone mineralization was evaluated in healthy term infants fed 1 of 2 coded, commercially available, ready-to-feed infant formulas in a randomized, double-blind, parallel study...
May 2003: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12669877/human-periodontal-ligament-cell-viability-in-milk-and-milk-substitutes
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Robert M Pearson, Frederick R Liewehr, Leslie A West, William R Patton, James C McPherson, Royce R Runner
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of several milk substitutes compared to whole milk in maintaining the viability of human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells on avulsed teeth. PDL cells were obtained from freshly extracted, healthy third molars and cultured in Eagle's minimal essential media (EMEM). The cells were plated onto 24-well culture plates and allowed to attach for 24 h. EMEM was replaced with refrigerated whole milk (positive control), reconstituted powdered milk, evaporated milk, or one of two baby formulas (Similac or Enfamil)...
March 2003: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9917487/formula-tolerance-in-postbreastfed-and-exclusively-formula-fed-infants
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
B Lloyd, R J Halter, M J Kuchan, G E Baggs, A S Ryan, M L Masor
OBJECTIVE: Perceived intolerance to infant formula is a frequently reported reason for formula switching. Formula intolerance may be related to perceived symptoms of constipation, fussiness, abdominal cramps, and excessive spit-up or vomit. Commercially available formulas differ from each other in processing and in sources and levels of protein, lipids, and micronutrients. These differences may affect tolerance. The objective of this article was to compare the tolerance of two commercially available powder infant formulas that differ in composition...
January 1999: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9803465/human-milk-and-infant-formula-can-induce-in-vitro-adipocyte-differentiation-in-murine-3t3-l1-preadipocytes
#10
R E Lyle, J D Corley, R E McGehee
The potential of infant diet to influence fat cell development has largely been examined in clinical studies with conflicting results. In this study, the direct effects of two standard infant formulas, Enfamil and Similac, as well as human milk were examined using a well characterized model of adipocyte differentiation, the 3T3-L1 murine preadipocyte cell line. After exposure to a hormonal regimen of insulin, dexamethasone, and 1-methyl-3-isobutylmethylxanthine, these cells undergo a mitotic expansion phase followed by terminal differentiation...
November 1998: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9669723/in-vitro-digestion-of-proteins-in-human-milk-fortifiers-and-in-preterm-formula
#11
T Lindberg, S Engberg, L B Sjöberg, B Lönnerdal
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the digestibility of the proteins in new products designed for feeding preterm infants is limited. The purpose of this study was to observe in vitro the hydrolysis of the bovine and human whey proteins in such products. METHODS: Proteins in human milk, in human milk fortifiers (Presemp [Semper AB, Stockholm, Sweden] and Enfamil [Mead Johnson, Evansville, IN, U.S.A.] human milk fortifiers), in preterm formulas (Similac Special Care [Ross, Columbus, OH, U...
July 1998: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8906139/a-randomized-controlled-evaluation-of-two-commercially-available-human-breast-milk-fortifiers-in-healthy-preterm-neonates
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
K Sankaran, A Papageorgiou, A Ninan, R Sankaran
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the added nutritional value of the two commercially available human breast milk fortifiers: Similac Natural Care (NC) and Enfamil Powder (EP). DESIGN: A randomized controlled evaluation in healthy preterm neonates. SETTING: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. SUBJECTS: Healthy preterm infants admitted to and cared for in the aforementioned neonatal intensive care units...
November 1996: Journal of the American Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8200164/the-effect-of-nutritional-additives-on-anti-infective-factors-in-human-milk
#13
R Quan, C Yang, S Rubinstein, N J Lewiston, D K Stevenson, J A Kerner
It has become a common practice to supplement human milk with a variety of additives to improve the nutritive content of the feeding for the premature infant. Twenty-two freshly frozen human milk samples were measured for lysozyme activity, total IgA, and specific IgA to Escherichia coli serotypes 01, 04, and 06. One mL aliquots were mixed with the following: 1 mL of Similac, Similac Special Care, Enfamil, Enfamil Premature Formula, and sterile water; 33 mL of Poly-Vi-Sol, 33 mg of Moducal, and 38 mg of breast-milk fortifier, and then reanalyzed...
June 1994: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8173634/evaluation-of-the-immunogenicity-of-protein-hydrolysate-formulas-using-laboratory-animal-hyperimmunization
#14
C T Cordle, G Duska-McEwen, L M Janas, W T Malone, M A Hirsch
The rabbit hyperimmunization model has previously been used to evaluate candidate hypoallergenic protein ingredients. Use of the model has been expanded to include the evaluation of protein hydrolysate formulas. Each formula's immunological reactivity was determined by ELISA measurement of formula-specific rabbit antibody. Animals hyperimmunized with formulas containing extensively hydrolyzed proteins (Alimentum, Nutramigen, and Pregestimil) generated very weak immune responses (< 100 fold antibody increase)...
February 1994: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7424812/orotic-acid-content-of-infant-formulas
#15
R P Durschlag, J L Robinson
The orotic acid content of four commercially available infant formulas has been examined. Enfamil contains 118 microgram orotic acid per milliliter as fed, Similac 98, SMA 27, and Isomil less than 1 microgram/ml. As expressed relative to total solids, these formulas contain less than 0.1% orotic acid. Since consumption of 1% orotic acid does not lead to a fatty liver in any species examined other than the rat and 0.1% orotic acid fails to induce statistically significant hepatic changes in the rat, it is suggested that orotic acid at the level found in these formulas is not likely to pose a health hazard to the infants consuming them...
October 1980: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6502369/gastric-motility-in-premature-infants-fed-two-different-formulas
#16
P J Hancock, E Bancalari
The effect of two different formulas on gastric contractions was investigated in 10 preterm infants, of mean birth weight 1,149 g and mean gestational age 30.5 weeks, who were being advanced from a 20 calorie per ounce formula (Enfamil) to a 24 calorie per ounce formula (Similac Special Care 24). The neonates were fed by gravity with a feeding tube on a 2-h schedule. The orogastric tube was connected between feedings to a pressure transducer and recorder system upon which pressure waves reflecting gastric contractions were recorded...
November 1984: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6408594/formulas-for-premature-infants-fate-of-the-calcium-and-phosphorus
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
J Bhatia, S J Fomon
Formulas designed for feeding of premature infants contain minerals added by the manufacturer. Although it is known that these minerals may be poorly suspended in the formula, little is known about concentrations of minerals in formula delivered to the infant under conditions prevailing in premature infant nurseries. In partially empty bottles of Similac Special Care, concentrations of calcium and phosphorus of this residual formula were found to be substantially greater than concentrations in full bottles...
July 1983: Pediatrics
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