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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719291/knowledge-and-prevention-practices-among-u-s-pregnant-immigrants-from-zika-virus-outbreak-areas
#1
Abbey B Berenson, Ha N Trinh, Jacqueline M Hirth, Fangjian Guo, Erika L Fuchs, Scott C Weaver
We administered an anonymous survey to assess knowledge, attitudes, and prevention practices related to the Zika virus among pregnant women residing in Texas. Multivariate logistic regression models controlling for age, race/ethnicity, education, and number of years in the United States assessed differences between women born in outbreak areas (N = 390) versus those born in the United States (N = 249). Results demonstrated that most women wanted more information on the Zika virus and desired to obtain it from their physician...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719096/the-effect-of-state-laws-designed-to-prevent-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-on-overdose-deaths-and-treatment
#2
Ioana Popovici, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Bushra Hijazi, Sharmini Radakrishnan
Nonmedical use of prescription opioids has reached epidemic levels in the United States and globally. In response, federal, state, and local governments are taking actions to address substantial increases in prescription opioid addiction and its associated harms. This study examines the effect of two state laws specifically designed to curtail access to prescription opioids to nonmedical users: pain management clinic and doctor shopping laws. We use administrative data on overdose deaths and admissions to specialty substance use disorder treatment coupled with a differences-in-differences design...
July 18, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719093/bone-marrow-harvest-from-unrelated-donors-up-to-date-methodology
#3
Katarzyna Pruszczyk, Kamila Skwierawska, Małgorzata Król, Albert Moskowicz, Dariusz Jabłoński, Tigran Torosian, Iwona Piotrowska, Elżbieta Urbanowska, Wiesław Wiktor-Jędrzejczak, Emilian Snarski
OBJECTIVES: Bone marrow harvesting is one of the essential sources of stem cells for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We describe here the current "up to date" standard of the bone marrow harvest in unrelated stem cell donors. METHODS: We analyzed medical data of 187 unrelated hematopoietic stem cell donors who underwent bone marrow harvest without previous peripheral blood stem collection at the center between 2011 and 2015. The methodology of marrow collection includes multiple cells aimed at safety of the procedure e...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#4
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities and the evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardised training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, we undertook this study to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718601/-interest-of-a-psychosomatic-approach-two-example-of-what-might-be-concealed-behind-gynecological-symptoms
#5
Noémi Deslex-Zaïontz, Éliane Perrin, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli
Two situations found in everyday gynecological practice demonstrate how a trustworthy doctor-patient relationship is built. This relationship helps to uncover what is concealed behind physical symptoms, which can perturb daily life (couple, social, family life) beyond a purely medical approach. To understand what is really happening rarely leads to a rapid solution. A stable chronicity that does not involve too many treatments, including surgical ones, can already be considered a success.
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718506/felbamate-as-an-add-on-therapy-for-refractory-partial-epilepsy
#6
REVIEW
Li Li Shi, JianCheng Dong, HengJian Ni, JinSong Geng, Taixiang Wu
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Issue 7, 2014) on 'Felbamate as an add-on therapy for refractory epilepsy'. Epilepsy is a chronic and disabling neurologic disorder, affecting approximately 1% of the population. Up to 30% of people with epilepsy have seizures that are resistant to currently available drugs. Felbamate is one of the second-generation antiepileptic drugs and we have assessed its effects as an add-on therapy to standard drugs in this review...
July 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718304/the-role-of-surgery-in-low-grade-gliomas-do-timing-and-extent-of-resection-matter
#7
Hugues Duffau
Hugues Duffau is a Professor and Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department in the Montpellier University Medical Center and Head of the INSERM 1051 Team "plasticity of the central nervous system, human stem cells and glial tumors" at the Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (France). He is an expert in the awake cognitive neurosurgery of slow-growing brain tumors, such as low-grade gliomas, a routine which he has developed since 20 years. His fundamental approach is centered on the concepts of the brain connectomics and neuroplasticity, breaking with the traditional localizationist view of cerebral processing...
July 18, 2017: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718058/cultural-biases-in-current-medical-practices-with-a-specific-attention-to-orthopedic-surgery-a-review
#8
Gracia Etienne, Todd P Pierce, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Carlos J Lavernia, Teva Y Vogelstein, Craig M Thomas, Charles S Modlin, Michael A Mont
Due to the increasing diversity within the United States population, there is an ever-increasing need for increased education on cultural literacy and tolerance in medical schools and residency programs. The purpose of this article was to review how a person's culture can play a substantive role in effecting and influencing (1) medical diagnosis, (2) patient and health provider medical decision-making, (3) the patient's perception of disease, and (4) the doctor-patient relationships. Many of the decisions we make as orthopedic surgeons must account for the patient's cultural needs, as much of our work impacts patients' daily activities and function...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718051/coronary-heart-disease-preoperative-gesture-interactive-diagnostic-system-based-on-augmented-reality
#9
Yi-Bo Zou, Yi-Min Chen, Ming-Ke Gao, Quan Liu, Si-Yu Jiang, Jia-Hui Lu, Chen Huang, Ze-Yu Li, Dian-Hua Zhang
Coronary heart disease preoperative diagnosis plays an important role in the treatment of vascular interventional surgery. Actually, most doctors are used to diagnosing the position of the vascular stenosis and then empirically estimating vascular stenosis by selective coronary angiography images instead of using mouse, keyboard and computer during preoperative diagnosis. The invasive diagnostic modality is short of intuitive and natural interaction and the results are not accurate enough. Aiming at above problems, the coronary heart disease preoperative gesture interactive diagnostic system based on Augmented Reality is proposed...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718015/capable-and-credible-challenging-nutrition-science
#10
EDITORIAL
Bart Penders, Anna Wolters, Edith F Feskens, Fred Brouns, Machteld Huber, Els L M Maeckelberghe, Gerjan Navis, Theo Ockhuizen, Jogchum Plat, Jan Sikkema, Marianne Stasse-Wolthuis, Pieter van 't Veer, Marcel Verweij, Jan de Vries
Nutrition science has enriched our understanding of how to stay healthy by producing valuable knowledge about the interaction of nutrients, food, and the human body. Nutrition science also has raised societal awareness about the links between food consumption and well-being, and provided the basis for food regulations and dietary guidelines. Its collaborative and interdisciplinary research has accomplished much, scientifically and socially. Despite this, nutrition science appears to be in crisis and is currently confronted with a public reluctance to trust nutritional insights...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716998/extended-training-to-prepare-gps-for-future-workforce-needs-a-qualitative-investigation-of-a-1-year-fellowship-in-urgent-care
#11
Jeremy Dale, Rachel Russell, Frances Harkness, Veronica Wilkie, Matthew Aiello
BACKGROUND: It has been argued that UK general practice specialist training should be extended to better prepare GPs for the challenges facing 21st-century health care. Evidence is needed to inform how this should occur. AIM: To investigate the experience of recently trained GPs undertaking a 1-year full-time fellowship programme designed to provide advanced skills training in urgent care, integrated care, leadership, and academic practice; and its impact on subsequent career development...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716785/imbuing-medical-professionalism-in-relation-to-safety-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-intervention-focused-on-trialling-an-embedded-learning-approach-that-centres-on-the-use-of-a-custom-designed-board-game
#12
Marie Ward, Eilish McAuliffe, Éidín Ní Shé, Ann Duffy, Una Geary, Una Cunningham, Catherine Holland, Nick McDonald, Karen Egan, Christian Korpos
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare organisations have a responsibility for ensuring that the governance of workplace settings creates a culture that supports good professional practice. Encouraging such a culture needs to start from an understanding of the factors that make it difficult for health professionals to raise issues of concern in relation to patient safety. The focus of this study is to determine whether a customised education intervention, developed as part of the study, with interns and senior house officers (SHOs) can imbue a culture of medical professionalism in relation to patient safety and support junior doctors to raise issues of concern, while shaping a culture of responsiveness and learning...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716383/nonspecialist-raters-can-provide-reliable-assessments-of-procedural-skills
#13
Oria Mahmood, Julia Dagnæs, Sarah Bube, Malene Rohrsted, Lars Konge
BACKGROUND: Competency-based learning has become a crucial component in medical education. Despite the advantages of competency-based learning, there are still challenges that need to be addressed. Currently, the common perception is that specialist assessment is needed for evaluating procedural skills which is difficult owing to the limited availability of faculty time. The aim of this study was to explore the validity of assessments of video recorded procedures performed by nonspecialist raters...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716289/devic-s-disease-before-devic-on-the-contribution-of-friedrich-albin-schanz-1863-1923
#14
S Jarius, B Wildemann
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO, Devic's disease) is an autoimmune disorder of the CNS that mainly affects the optic nerves and spinal cord and, if not treated, can leave patients blind and wheelchair-bound. NMO was long considered a clinical variant of multiple sclerosis (MS). While the history of MS has been studied extensively, relatively little is known about the early history of NMO. A dissertation written by Fernand Gault (1873-1936), a doctoral student to Eugène Devic (1858-1930), a Lyon-based neurologist after whom the disease would later be named, is considered by many the first review of NMO...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716130/psychometric-properties-and-relations-with-coping-and-family-strain-of-the-health-services-and-caregiver-experience-questionnaire-hsce-an-outcome-measure-of-informal-caregivers-experience-for-inpatient-care-in-italy
#15
Anna Coluccia, Fabio Ferretti, Andrea Fagiolini, Andrea Pozza
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, the number of patients supported by informal caregivers has substantially increased. In the Italian healthcare context, informal caregivers' experience of care is a new under-recognized construct, and no assessment tool is available. Measuring caregivers' experience is important since in Italy the relationship between doctors and patients/relatives is still considered asymmetrical. The current study presented development and initial psychometric properties of the Health Services and Caregiver Experience questionnaire (HSCE), a self-report tool of caregivers' global experience for inpatient clinical care, including factor structure, reliability and its relations with measures of coping strategies and family strain...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716112/psychosocial-interventions-for-managing-occupational-stress-and-burnout-among-medical-doctors-a-systematic-review
#16
Bonnie A Clough, Sonja March, Raymond J Chan, Leanne M Casey, Rachel Phillips, Michael J Ireland
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress and burnout are highly prevalent among medical doctors and can have adverse effects on patient, doctor, and organisational outcomes. The purpose of the current study was to review and evaluate evidence on psychosocial interventions aimed at reducing occupational stress and burnout among medical doctors. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted for original research articles reporting on psychosocial interventions targeting occupational stress or burnout among medical doctors, published in the English language, and with data collected at a minimum of two time points...
July 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715836/diary-of-a-first-year-doctoring-student
#17
Alicia I Rolin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715548/interprofessional-peer-assisted-learning-as-a-model-of-instruction-in-doctor-of-audiology-programs
#18
Yula C Serpanos, Deborah Senzer, Daryl M Gordon
Purpose: This study reports on interprofessional peer-assisted learning (PAL) as a model of instruction in the preparation of doctoral audiology students. Method: Ten Doctor of Audiology (AuD) students provided training in audiologic screening for 53 graduate speech-language pathology students in 9 individual PAL sessions. Pre- and post-surveys assessed the peer teaching experience for AuD students in 5 areas of their confidence in audiologic screening: knowledge, skill, making a referral based on outcomes, teaching, and supervising...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715369/electrospinning-of-photocatalytic-electrodes-for-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#19
Nicolò Canever, Fraser Hughson, Thomas J Macdonald, Thomas Nann
This work demonstrates a protocol to fabricate a fiber-based photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cells, consisting of a light-scattering layer made of electrospun titanium dioxide nanofibers (TiO2-NFs) on top of a blocking layer made of commercially available titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs). This is achieved by first electrospinning a solution of titanium (IV) butoxide, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), and glacial acetic acid in ethanol to obtain composite PVP/TiO2 nanofibers. These are then calcined at 500 °C to remove the PVP and to obtain pure anatase-phase titania nanofibers...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715305/the-quantified-patient-checks-in-larry-smarr-s-experiments-in-self-tracking-for-health
#20
Sarah Campbell
Like eight-year-olds who can't let go of a good joke, Larry Smarr's nurses and doctors kept coming to him with the same question: "Have you passed gas yet?" Answering this question in the aff irmative is, Smarr explains, deadpan, "the state of the art in 2017 in the medical community for deciding when your colon restarts."
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
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