keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chest x-ray

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913383/traumatic-haemopneumothorax-and-whole-body-subcutaneous-emphysema-successful-use-of-a-small-bore-chest-drain
#1
Benjamin Hardy, Nicholas Sunderland, Mevan Perera, Kathryn Channing
A 56-year-old man presented having had two falls at home. He had a background of multiple sclerosis. After his second fall, during which he had fallen onto the toilet injuring his right chest, he was brought into the emergency department reporting pleuritic chest discomfort. Immediately evident was extensive swelling from his forehead to his thighs, which on palpation was found to be subcutaneous emphysema. A chest X-ray showed a large right-sided pneumothorax for which a chest drain was inserted. A CT revealed extensive surgical emphysema, pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum and gas within the spinal canal...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913087/a-case-of-multiple-empyema-caused-by-streptococcus-intermedius
#2
Akihito Kaga, Ryuzaburo Higo, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Naoko Yokoi, Takuo Haruyama, Hiroaki Komatsu, Ayumi Yabe, Takeshi Kusunoki, Katsuhisa Ikeda
We report the case of a patient with multiple empyema present throughout his body, including chronic sinusitis and chronic suppurative otitis media, as well as subsequent epidural empyema, all caused by Streptococcus intermedius. A 38-year-old man presented with chief complaints of headache, left ear discharge, and nasal congestion. Imaging studies revealed pansinusitis, soft tissue signs in the mastoid cells, and otitis media. The patient was treated with meropenem hydrate, 6g/day. While clinical findings indicated improvement of the sinusitis, his headache did not improve...
November 29, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911474/is-chelation-therapy-efficient-for-the-treatment-of-intravenous-metallic-mercury-intoxication
#3
Daniela Pelclova, Stepanka Vlckova, Ondrej Bezdicek, Manuela Vaneckova, Pavel Urban, Petr Ridzon, Pavel Diblik, Tomas Navratil, Pavlina Klusackova, Kamil Vlcek, Olga Benesova, Pavel Trestik, Jiri Homolka, Sergey Zakharov
The efficacy of treatment for intravenous elemental mercury intoxication has not been fully studied with regard to clinical outcomes, and treatment recommendations vary. We treated a 41-year-old man with a history of drug abuse and depression who attempted suicide using 1 mL (13.53 g) metallic Hg i.v. He was admitted to the hospital two months later for dyspnoea and thoracic pain and was diagnosed with pneumonia. Hg deposits were seen in the lungs and extra-pulmonary organs. His blood level (372 μg/L) exceeded the population level of 5 μg/L by more than 70-fold...
December 2, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910800/routine-x-ray-of-the-chest-is-not-justified-in-staging-of-cutaneous-melanoma-patients
#4
Caroline Asirvatham Gjørup, Helle Westergren Hendel, Rita Kaae Pilegaard, Cecilie Balslev Willert, Lisbet Rosenkrantz Hölmich
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma is increasing in Denmark and worldwide. However, the prevalence of distant metastases at the time of diagnosis has decreased to 1%. We therefore questioned the value of routine preoperative chest X-ray (CXR) for staging asymptomatic melanoma patients and hypothesised that routine CXR is not justified. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients undergoing wide local excision and sentinel lymph node biopsy for cutaneous melanoma in the period from 2010 to 2014...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909285/-multiple-pulmonary-sclerosing-pneumocytoma-with-abnormal-accumulation-of-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-diagnosed-by-surgical-treatment-report-of-a-case
#5
Kantaro Hara, Nobuhiro Izumi, Takuma Tsukioka, Hiroaki Komatsu, Satoshi Okada, Michihito Toda, Ryuichi Ito, Toshihiko Shibata, Noritoshi Nishiyama
A 36-year-old Chinese woman was referred to our hospital for further examination of an abnormal shadow on chest X-ray. Chest computed tomography(CT) revealed a 5 mm circular nodule in diameter in right lung S3 and a 32 mm mass in diameter in right lung S7. The S7 mass showed an abnormal accumulation of SUVmax=4.0 on positron emission tomography( PET)-CT. Transbronchial biopsy was performed, but failed to rule out possible malignancy. Differential diagnoses were multiple lung benign tumor, multiple lung metastases from unknown primary cancer, malignant lymphoma or primary lung cancer, and so on...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909283/-endobronchial-hamartoma-requiring-lobectomy-report-of-a-case
#6
Kyosuke Matsunaga, Yusuke Takanashi, Hironobu Oiki, Takamitsu Hayakawa, Shun Matsuura, Hiroshi Neyatani
We present a rare case of endobronchial hamartoma that required right middle and lower lobectomy. A 59-year-old man presented with cough and sputum lasting for 9 months. Chest X-ray revealed obstructive pneumonia of the right inferior lobe. Chest computed tomography demonstrated an intrabronchial mass lesion, size 12×12 mm, occluding the entrance of the right lower lobe bronchus associated with obstructive pneumonia of the right inferior lobe. Because transbronchial biopsy could not confirm the diagnosis, we performed a right middle and lower lobectomy to diagnose and treat obstructive pneumonia...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909277/-complete-transection-of-the-cervical-trachea-caused-by-chest-blunt-trauma
#7
Masahiro Yamada, Masami Abiko
A 52-year-old man was injured when driving through the gate by a motorcycle without noticing the rope between the gateposts. He developed hoarseness, subcutaneous emphysema and dyspnea, and was transferred to our hospital by an ambulance. Chest X-ray and computed tomography showed subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema, and complete transection of the cervical trachea. Since respiratory distress progressed rapidly, we performed tracheostomy in the intensive care unit, and the patient was carried to the operating room...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907156/increased-nasopharyngeal-density-and-concurrent-carriage-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-haemophilus-influenzae-and-moraxella-catarrhalis-are-associated-with-pneumonia-in-febrile-children
#8
Sopio Chochua, Valérie D'Acremont, Christiane Hanke, David Alfa, Joshua Shak, Mary Kilowoko, Esther Kyungu, Laurent Kaiser, Blaise Genton, Keith P Klugman, Jorge E Vidal
BACKGROUND: We assessed nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage of five pathogens in febrile children with and without acute respiratory infection (ARI) of the upper (URTI) or lower tract, attending health facilities in Tanzania. METHODS: NP swabs collected from children (N = 960) aged 2 months to 10 years, and with a temperature ≥38°C, were utilized to quantify bacterial density of S. pneumoniae (Sp), H. influenzae (Hi), M. catarrhalis (Mc), S. aureus (Sa), and N. meningitidis (Nm)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904717/measurement-of-clavicle-fracture-shortening-using-computed-tomography-and-chest-radiography
#9
Reza Omid, Chris Kidd, Anthony Yi, Diego Villacis, Eric White
BACKGROUND: Nonoperative management of midshaft clavicle fractures has resulted in widely disparate outcomes and there is growing evidence that clavicle shortening poses the risk of unsatisfactory functional outcomes due to shoulder weakness and nonunion. Unfortunately, the literature does not clearly demonstrate the superiority of one particular method for measuring clavicle shortening. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of clavicle shortening measurements based on plain radiographs with those based on computed tomography (CT) reconstructed images of the clavicle...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904647/prevalence-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-healthcare-workers-at-a-hospital-in-naples-italy-a-low-incidence-country
#10
Monica Lamberti, Mariarosaria Muoio, Antonio Arnese, Sharon Borrelli, Teresa Di Lorenzo, Elpidio Maria Garzillo, Giuseppe Signoriello, Stefania De Pascalis, Nicola Coppola, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at higher risk than the general population of contracting tuberculosis (TB). Moreover, although subjects with latent TB infection (LTBI) are asymptomatic and are not infectious, they may eventually develop active disease. Thus, a fundamental tool of TB control programs for HCWs is the screening and treatment of LTBI. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2015, hospital personnel at Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Naples, Italy, were screened for TB...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899783/-a-case-of-recurrent-breast-cancer-with-carcinomatous-pleurisy-successfully-treated-with-biweekly-paclitaxel-and-bevacizumab
#11
Takashi Yoshida, Yoshinari Goto, Kana Sakiyama, Morihiko Kimura
A 72-year-old woman underwent mastectomy with axillary lymph node dissection for left breast cancer at the age of 43 years, and was diagnosed with breast cancer metastasis to the pleura at the age of 68 years. She had been sequentially treated with hormonal therapies, but complained of a cough and dyspnea after 4 years. Chest radiography showed right pleural effusion, and cytological examination of the pleural effusion revealed adenocarcinoma cells. Biweekly paclitaxel and bevacizumab therapy was administered...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899391/atypical-presentation-of-anti-gbm-nephritis-in-a-90-year-old-patient
#12
Julie Omolola Okiro, Chaudhry Adeel Ebad, Amjad Zaman Khan
A 90-year-old woman who had bloody diarrhoea, nausea, weakness and reduced urine output was found to have acute kidney injury. Her inflammatory markers were raised and her chest X-ray suggested an inflammatory process. She was initially suspected to have acute kidney injury secondary to dehydration and sepsis but when her autoimmune screen returned positive for antiglomerular basement membrane antibodies our diagnosis and management strategy was reconsidered. This is a case report of Goodpasture disease presenting in an elderly patient...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899069/gastric-dilatation-and-intestinal-obstruction-mimicking-acute-coronary-syndrome-with-dynamic-electrocardiographic-changes
#13
H M M T B Herath, Anne Thushara Matthias, B S D P Keragala, W A E Udeshika, Aruna Kulatunga
BACKGROUND: ST elevation myocardial infarction is a medical emergency and the electrocardiogram is a part of the mainstay in the initial diagnosis. A variety of non-cardiac conditions have been known to mimic the electrocardiographic changes seen in acute coronary syndrome. We present a patient presenting with acute partial intestinal obstruction causing gastric distension and intestinal dilatation who also had dynamic electrocardiographic changes, mimicking anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction...
November 29, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896794/efficacy-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-placement-of-central-venous-port-systems-via-the-right-internal-jugular-vein-in-elderly-oncologic-patients-our-single-center-experience-and-protocol
#14
Alfonso Canfora, Claudio Mauriello, Antonio Ferronetti, Gianpaolo Marte, Vittorio Di Maio, Guido Ciorra, Maria Grazia Esposito, Maria Elena Giuliano, Giovanni Fregola, Luigi Barra, Salvatore Cuzzovaglia, Vincenzo Bottino, Pietro Maida
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guidance has become the routine method for internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization reducing dramatically failure and complication rates for central venous port (CVP) placement. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided IJV CVP placement in elderly oncologic patients. METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 101 elderly oncological patients underwent right IJV CVP placement under ultrasound-guidance...
November 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896330/biventricular-thrombus-in-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-presenting-with-shortness-of-breath
#15
Abdul Baqi, Shahan Waheed, Fateh Ali Tipoo, Aamir Hameed Khan
A 48 years old male presented to clinic with 12 months of low grade fever with shortness of breath which has progressively worsened with no associated weight loss, night sweats or loss of appetite. There was no prior history of chronic illness before the current illness. Laboratory workup revealed a high white blood cell count with predominant eosinophils. Chest X-ray was normal. Transthoracic echocardiography and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance showed biventricular thrombi. On further extensive workup the findings were consistent with hypereosinophilic syndrome...
June 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895451/non-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-rhabdomyolysis-and-myocardial-injury-following-heroin-inhalation-a-case-report
#16
G Bazoukis, A Spiliopoulou, K Mourouzis, P Grigoropoulou, A Yalouris
BACKGROUND: Heroin use by non-injecting routes of administration (snorting, swallowing, "chasing the dragon") is considered to be safer but is not risk-free for fatal overdose or serious side effects. We report the case of an adolescent who was transferred unconscious to the emergency department after heroin inhalation. Description of the case: A 17-year-old male was transferred to the emergency department unconscious (Glasgow coma scale: 6/15) after heroin inhalation. He was treated with non-rebreather mask and intravenous infusion of naloxone with gradual improvement of consciousness and arterial blood gasses...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894310/monitoring-change-in-volume-of-calcifications-in-juvenile-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathy-a-pilot-study-using-low-dose-computed-tomography
#17
Maria Ibarra, Cynthia Rigsby, Gabrielle A Morgan, Christina L Sammet, Chiang-Ching Huang, Dong Xu, Ira N Targoff, Lauren M Pachman
BACKGROUND: Dystrophic calcifications may occur in patients with J uvenile Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathy (JIIM) as well as other connective tissue and metabolic diseases, but a reliable method of measuring the volume of these calcifications has not been established. The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of low dose, limited slice, Computed Tomography (CT) to measure objectively in-situ calcification volumes in patients with JIIM over time. METHODS: Ten JIIM patients (eight JDM, two Overlap) with calcifications were prospectively recruited over a 2-year period to undergo two limited, low dose, four-slice CT scans...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893691/valuable-hematological-indicators-for-the-diagnosis-and-severity-assessment-of-chinese-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-prealbumin
#18
Jingjing Ning, Xiaonan Shao, Yibo Ma, Darong Lv
Chest X-ray is a "golden standard" for the diagnosis and severity assessment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). However, it cannot be used as routine examination of CAP in children. The present study aims to investigate the roles of prealbumin (PA) in CAP in children and further determine the usefulness of PA in diagnosis and severity assessment of CAP in children.This was a retrospective analysis of 174 cases of hospitalized children with CAP. The following indicators were recorded: vital sign, inflammatory indexes, PA, and respiratory pathogens immunoglobulin M antibody test results...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891382/a-case-of-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura-secondary-to-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#19
Sameer Panda, Lalit Kumar Meher, Siba Prasad Dalai, Sachidananda Nayak, Sujit Kumar Tripathy
The haematological abnormalities associated with active pulmonary tuberculosis were known to human beings since decades but Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) secondary to pulmonary tuberculosis have been reported only in a couple of instances. We report a 27 year-old male patient who was admitted to our hospital with fever, shortness of breath, haematuria, epistaxis and generalized petechiae. The sputum positivity for Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) and chest X-ray reports were suggestive of active pulmonary tuberculosis in our patient...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891280/lung-ultrasound-in-early-diagnosis-of-neonatal-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-before-any-radiographic-or-laboratory-changes
#20
Mohammed Ibrahim, Ahmed Omran, Mostafa Ibrahim, Nouran Bioumy, Sonya El-Sharkawy
Neonatal pneumonia is reported to be the primary cause of neonatal respiratory failure and one of the common causes of neonatal hospitalization and death in developing countries. Chest X-ray was considered the gold standard for diagnosis of neonatal pneumonia. Lung ultrasonography has been described as a valuable noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of many neonatal pulmonary diseases. We report a case of ventilation associated neonatal pneumonia with very early diagnosis using lung ultrasound before any significant radiographic changes in chest X-ray or laboratory findings suggestive of infection...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
101088
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"