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Positive reciprocity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736109/electromyographic-analysis-of-superior-orbicularis-oris-muscle-function-in-children-surgically-treated-for-unilateral-complete-cleft-lip-and-palate
#1
Liliana Szyszka-Sommerfeld, Krzysztof Woźniak, Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska, Beata Kawala, Marcin Mikulewicz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the electrical activity of the superior orbicularis oris muscle in children surgically treated for unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCCLP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised 45 patients 6.38-12.68 years of age with UCCLP and 40 subjects 6.61-11.71 years of age with no clefts. Electromyographical (EMG) recordings were taken with a DAB-Bluetooth Instrument (Zebris Medical GmbH, Germany) in the rest position and during saliva swallowing, lip protrusion and reciprocal compression of the lips, as well as while producing the phonemes /p/, /b/, and /m/ combined with the vowel /a/...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732104/reciprocal-feedback-between-self-concept-and-goal-pursuit-in-daily-life
#2
Alexander E Wong, Robin R Vallacher
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that self-knowledge and goal-perseverance are mutually reinforcing because of the roles of self-knowledge in directing goal pursuit, and of goal pursuit in structuring the self-concept. METHOD: To test this hypothesis, we used a daily diary design with 97 college-aged participants for 40 days to assess whether daily self-concept clarity and grit predict one another's next day levels. Data were analyzed using multilevel cross-lagged panel modeling...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725863/empathy-in-the-clinician-patient-relationship-the-role-of-reciprocal-adjustments-and-processes-of-synchrony
#3
Arnstein Finset, Knut Ørnes
The clinician-patient relationship is asymmetric in the sense that clinicians and patients have different roles in the medical consultation. Yet, there are qualities of reciprocity and mutuality in many clinician-patient encounters, and we suggest that such reciprocity may be related to the phenomenon of empathy. Empathy is often defined as the capacity to place oneself in another's position, but empathy may also be understood as a sequence of reciprocal turns-of talk, starting with the patient's expression of emotion, followed by the perception, vicarious experience, and empathic response by the clinician...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722644/children-diagnosed-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-their-parents-a-qualitative-study-about-perceptions-of-living-with-apd
#4
Sarah Lawton, Suzanne C Purdy, Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren
BACKGROUND: Negative psychosocial consequences have been reported for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). The current literature surrounding APD does not sufficiently address the emotional and psychological consequences of living with the disorder. It is recommended that data be collected from multiple sources, including the child living with APD. Subjective reports of the perceptions of children with APD and their families have real-life validity and can inform clinical decisions and guide future research...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720894/coronavirus-nucleocapsid-proteins-assemble-constitutively-in-high-molecular-oligomers
#5
Yingying Cong, Franziska Kriegenburg, Cornelis A M de Haan, Fulvio Reggiori
Coronaviruses (CoV) are enveloped viruses and rely on their nucleocapsid N protein to incorporate the positive-stranded genomic RNA into the virions. CoV N proteins form oligomers but the mechanism and relevance underlying their multimerization remain to be fully understood. Using in vitro pull-down experiments and density glycerol gradients, we found that at least 3 regions distributed over its entire length mediate the self-interaction of mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) N protein...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718342/reconsidering-the-roles-of-gratitude-and-indebtedness-in-social-exchange
#6
Cong Peng, Rob M A Nelissen, Marcel Zeelenberg
Receiving favors is often a mixed blessing and commonly triggers two emotions: the positive emotion gratitude and negative emotion indebtedness. In three studies, we examined the hypothesis that gratitude and indebtedness have distinct functions in social exchange. Contrary to current views, we believe that the function of gratitude does not primarily reside in facilitating social exchange. Instead, we propose that indebtedness motivates people to repay favours received, and thus accounts for most of the prosocial effects commonly attributed to gratitude...
July 18, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714082/in-situ-macrophage-phenotypic-transition-is-affected-by-altered-cellular-composition-prior-to-acute-sterile-muscle-injury
#7
Andreas Patsalos, Attila Pap, Tamas Varga, Gyorgy Trencsenyi, Gerardo Alvarado Contreras, Ildiko Garai, Zoltan Papp, Balazs Dezso, Eva Pintye, Laszlo Nagy
Skeletal muscle regeneration is a complex interplay between various cell types including invading macrophages. Their recruitment to damaged tissues upon acute sterile injuries is necessary for necrotic debris clearance and for coordination of tissue regeneration. This highly dynamic process is characterized by an in-situ transition of infiltrating monocytes from an inflammatory (Ly6C(high) ) to a repair (Ly6C(low) ) macrophage phenotype. The importance of the macrophage phenotypic shift and the cross-talk of the local muscle tissue with the infiltrating macrophages during tissue regeneration upon injury are not fully understood and their study lacks adequate methodology...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713318/the-bidirectional-relationship-between-positive-mental-health-and-social-rhythm-in-college-students-a-three-year-longitudinal-study
#8
Dan Cai, Meixia Zhu, Muyu Lin, Xiao Chi Zhang, Jürgen Margraf
Social rhythm refers to the general regularity of engaging in basic social activities during the week, and was found to be associated with individuals' positive mental health. The present study investigated the relationship between social rhythm and emotional well-being in a cohort of 2,031 college students over 3 years with a cross-lagged longitudinal panel design. Results revealed that regularity of social rhythm positively predicted emotional well-being in the following year, and vice versa, when the level of both factors in the previous year was controlled...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710773/reciprocal-modulation-of-helper-th1-and-th17-cells-by-the-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-agonist-drug-terbutaline
#9
Catalina M Carvajal Gonczi, Mahdieh Tabatabaei Shafiei, Ashley East, Erika Martire, Meagane H I Maurice-Ventouris, Peter J Darlington
Catecholamine hormones are powerful regulators of the immune system produced by the sympathetic nervous system. They regulate the adaptive immune system by altering T cell differentiation into T helper (Th) 1 and Th2 cell subsets, but the effect on Th17 cells is not known. Th17 cells, defined in part by chemokine receptor CCR6 and cytokine IL-17A, are crucial for mediating certain pathogen-specific responses, and are linked with several autoimmune diseases. We demonstrated that a proportion of human Th17 cells express β2-adrenergic receptor, a G protein coupled receptor that responds to catecholamines...
July 15, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708282/the-mechanism-of-long-non-coding-rna-meg3-for-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-mediated-by-mir-34a-nrf2-signaling-pathway
#10
Xinli Huang, Yun Gao, Jianjie Qin, Sen Lu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the function of MEG3 in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (HIR) progress, involving its association with the level of miR-34a during hypoxia-induced hypoxia re-oxygenation (H/R) in vitro. METHODS: HIR mice model in vivo was established.MEG3 , miR-34a expression, along with Nrf2 mRNA and protein level were detected in tissues and cells. Serum biochemical parameters (ALT and AST) were assessed in vivo. A potential binding region between MEG3 and miR34a was confirmed by luciferase assays...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698847/evaluation-of-a-new-flow-cytometry-based-method-for-detection-of-bcr-abl1-fusion-protein-in-chronic-myeloid-leukemia
#11
Swati Dasgupta, Ujjal K Ray, Arpita Ghosh Mitra, Deboshree M Bhattacharyya, Ashis Mukhopadhyay, Priyabrata Das, Sudeshna Gangopadhyay, Sudip Roy, Soma Mukhopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Philadelphia chromosome, a hallmark of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), plays a key role in disease pathogenesis. It reflects a balanced reciprocal translocation between long arms of chromosomes 9 and 22 involving BCR and ABL1 genes, respectively. An accurate and reliable detection of BCR-ABL fusion gene is necessary for the diagnosis and monitoring of CML. Previously, many technologies, most of which are laborious and time consuming, have been developed to detect BCR-ABL chimeric gene or chromosome...
June 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691601/task-specific-and-functional-effects-of-speed-focused-elliptical-or-motor-assisted-cycle-training-in-children-with-bilateral-cerebral-palsy-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Diane L Damiano, Christopher J Stanley, Laurie Ohlrich, Katharine E Alter
BACKGROUND: Locomotor training using treadmills or robotic devices is commonly utilized to improve gait in cerebral palsy (CP); however, effects are inconsistent and fail to exceed those of equally intense alternatives. Possible limitations of existing devices include fixed nonvariable rhythm and too much limb or body weight assistance. OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare effectiveness of a motor-assisted cycle and a novel alternative, an elliptical, in CP to improve interlimb reciprocal coordination through intensive speed-focused leg training...
July 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691198/dyadic-coping-in-couple-therapy-process-an-exploratory-study
#13
Davide Margola, Silvia Donato, Monica Accordini, Robert E Emery, Douglas K Snyder
This study aimed at moving beyond previous research on couple therapy efficacy by examining moment-by-moment proximal couple and therapist interactions as well as final treatment outcomes and their reciprocal association. Seven hundred four episodes of dyadic coping within 56 early therapy sessions, taken from 28 married couples in treatment, were intensively analyzed and processed using a mixed-methods software (T-LAB). Results showed that negative dyadic coping was self-perpetuating, and therapists tended to passively observe the negative couple interaction; on the contrary, positive dyadic coping appeared to require a therapist's intervention to be maintained, and successful interventions mainly included information gathering as well as interpreting...
July 10, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690484/genomic-investigation-of-balanced-chromosomal-rearrangements-in-patients-with-abnormal-phenotypes
#14
Milena Simioni, François Artiguenave, Vincent Meyer, Ilária C Sgardioli, Nilma L Viguetti-Campos, Isabella Lopes Monlleó, Andréa T Maciel-Guerra, Carlos E Steiner, Vera L Gil-da-Silva-Lopes
Balanced chromosomal rearrangements (BCR) are associated with abnormal phenotypes in approximately 6% of balanced translocations and 9.4% of balanced inversions. Abnormal phenotypes can be caused by disruption of genes at the breakpoints, deletions, or positional effects. Conventional cytogenetic techniques have a limited resolution and do not enable a thorough genetic investigation. Molecular techniques applied to BCR carriers can contribute to the characterization of this type of chromosomal rearrangement and to the phenotype-genotype correlation...
June 2017: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687008/association-of-breast-carcinoma-growth-with-a-non-canonical-axis-of-ifn%C3%AE-ido1-tsp1
#15
Bruno Lopes-Bastos, Liang Jin, Fiona Ruge, Sioned Owen, Andrew Sanders, Christopher Cogle, John Chester, Wen G Jiang, Jun Cai
Reciprocal interactions between cancers and the surrounding microenvironment have an important role in tumour evolution. In this study, our data suggested that through thrombospondin 1 (TSP1), tumour-associated microvessel provides a dormant niche to sustain inactive status of breast invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) cells. TSP1 levels in the tumour stroma were negatively correlated with vascular indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) in IDC tissues. IDO1 is an intracellular enzyme initiating the first and rate-limited step of tryptophan breakdown...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680688/host-association-and-selection-on-salivary-protein-genes-in-bed-bugs-and-related-blood-feeding-ectoparasites
#16
Benoit Talbot, Ondřej Balvín, Maarten J Vonhof, Hugh G Broders, Brock Fenton, Nusha Keyghobadi
Reciprocal selective pressures can drive coevolutionary changes in parasites and hosts, and result in parasites that are highly specialized to their hosts. Selection and host co-adaptation are better understood in endoparasites than in ectoparasites, whose life cycles may be more loosely linked to that of their hosts. Blood-feeding ectoparasites use salivary proteins to prevent haemostasis in the host, and maximize energy intake. Here we looked for signals of selection in salivary protein genes of ectoparasite species from a single genus (Cimex) that associate with a range of hosts including mammals (bats and humans) and birds (swallows)...
June 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674408/anisotropically-biaxial-strain-in-non-polar-112-0-plane-in-x-ga1-x-n-gan-layers-investigated-by-x-ray-reciprocal-space-mapping
#17
Guijuan Zhao, Huijie Li, Lianshan Wang, Yulin Meng, Zesheng Ji, Fangzheng Li, Hongyuan Wei, Shaoyan Yang, Zhanguo Wang
In this study, the indium composition x as well as the anisotropically biaxial strain in non-polar a-plane In x Ga1-x N on GaN is studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. In accordance with XRD reciprocal lattice space mapping, with increasing indium composition, the maximum of the In x Ga1-x N reciprocal lattice points progressively shifts from a fully compressive strained to a fully relaxed position, then to reversed tensile strained. To fully understand the strain in the ternary alloy layers, it is helpful to grow high-quality device structures using a-plane nitrides...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666458/risk-score-to-predict-false-positive-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-the-emergency-department-a-retrospective-analysis
#18
Ji Hoon Kim, Yun Ho Roh, Yoo Seok Park, Joon Min Park, Bo Young Joung, In Cheol Park, Sung Phil Chung, Min Joung Kim
BACKGROUND: The best treatment approach for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is prompt primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, some patients show ST elevation on electrocardiography (ECG), but do not have myocardial infarction. We sought to identify the frequency of and to develop a prediction model for false-positive STEMI. METHODS: This study was conducted in the emergency departments (EDs) of two hospitals using the same critical pathway (CP) protocol to treat STEMI patients with primary PCI...
June 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666447/how-female-community-health-workers-navigate-work-challenges-and-why-there-are-still-gaps-in-their-performance-a-look-at-female-community-health-workers-in-maternal-and-child-health-in-two-indian-districts-through-a-reciprocal-determinism-framework
#19
Enisha Sarin, Sarah Smith Lunsford
BACKGROUND: Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) are community health workers tasked to deliver health prevention in communities and link them with the health care sector. This paper examines the social, cultural, and institutional influences that either facilitate or impede ASHAs' abilities to deliver services effectively through the lens of the reciprocal determinism framework of social cognitive theory. METHODS: We conducted 98 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with ASHAs (n = 49) and their family members (n = 49) in Gurdaspur and Mewat districts...
July 1, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665227/reciprocal-within-day-associations-between-incidental-affect-and-exercise-an-ema-study
#20
Jessica A Emerson, Shira Dunsiger, David M Williams
Previous research suggests that how people feel throughout the course of a day (i.e. incidental affect) is predictive of exercise behaviour. A mostly separate literature suggests that exercise can lead to more positive incidental affect. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the potential reciprocal effects of incidental affect and exercise behaviour within the same day. DESIGN: Fifty-nine low-active (exercise <60 min/week), overweight (BMI: 25.0-39.9) adults (ages 18-65) participated in a six-month print-based exercise promotion programme...
June 30, 2017: Psychology & Health
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