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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938191/blood-lead-and-preeclampsia-a-meta-analysis-and-review-of-implications
#1
Arthur E Poropat, Mark A S Laidlaw, Bruce Lanphear, Andrew Ball, Howard W Mielke
BACKGROUND: Multiple cross-sectional studies suggest that there is an association between blood lead and preeclampsia. OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize information on the association between preeclampsia and lead poisoning. METHODS: Searches of Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, Pubmed, Science Direct and ProQuest (dissertations and theses) identified 2089 reports, 46 of which were downloaded after reviewing the abstracts, and 11 studies were evaluated as meeting the selection criteria...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936929/holding-firm-power-push-back-and-opportunities-in-navigating-the-liminal-space-of-critical-qualitative-health-research
#2
Corinne Hart, Jennifer M Poole, Marcia E Facey, Janet A Parsons
Critical qualitative health researchers typically occupy and navigate liminal academic spaces and statuses, with one foot planted in the arts and social sciences and the other in biomedical science. We are at once marginalized and empowered, and this liminality presents both challenges and opportunities. In this article, we draw on our experiences of being (often the lone) critical qualitative health scholars on thesis advisory committees and dissertation examinations, as well as our experiences of publishing and securing funding, to illuminate how power and knowledge relations create conditions that shape the nature of our roles...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935393/the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-on-self-care-psychological-and-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ying Jiang, Shefaly Shorey, Betsy Seah, Wanxian Chan, Wilson Wai San Tam, Wenru Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence to determine the effects of psychological interventions on self-care and psychological and health outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness of randomized controlled trials using psychological methods or theory on self-care behaviors, anxiety and depression levels, HRQoL, and physical function. Studies published in English, from January 2006 to December 2016, were considered. We searched published and unpublished studies in the following electronic databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931484/partnership-for-development-a-peer-mentorship-model-for-phd-students
#4
Allison A Lewinski, Tara Mann, Dalmacio Flores, Ashlee Vance, Janet Prvu Bettger, Rachel Hirschey
Formal mentoring relationships socialize Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) students to their current and future roles as nursing scholars. Despite formal mentoring, some students may desire or benefit from additional mentoring in an informal setting. Informal mentoring complements the one-to-one relationship students develop with a primary faculty mentor or dissertation chair. This manuscript describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a student-driven, peer mentorship model, titled Partnership for Development...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927440/refugees-asylum-seekers-and-undocumented-migrants-and-the-experience-of-parenthood-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#5
REVIEW
Lisa Merry, Sandra Pelaez, Nancy C Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the recent qualitative literature and identify the integrative themes describing the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants. METHODS: We searched seven online databases for the period January 2006 to February 2017. We included English and French published peer-reviewed articles and graduate-level dissertations, which qualitatively examined the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants...
September 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924286/thesis-survey-results-in-the-field-of-nursing-regarding-the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medical-treatments-in-turkey
#6
Gulsah Gurol Arslan, Yildiz Denat, Yurdanur Dikmen
This descriptive literature review was planned to identify the prevalence of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) usage, frequency of usage, types/fields of use in master's theses and PhD dissertations based on the CAM methods, which are commonly used in nursing practice in Turkey. Data was collected in Turkey from February to March 2014 through a review of the National Thesis Centre (NTC) Archives at the Chairmanship of the Council of Higher Education and by obtaining the nursing theses/dissertations on CAM done between 1996 and 2013...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916152/effects-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-on-cardiovascular-autonomic-control-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Raphael Martins de Abreu, Patrícia Rehder-Santos, Vinicius Minatel, Gabriela Lopes Dos Santos, Aparecida Maria Catai
PURPOSE: To carry out a systematic review to determine if inspiratory muscle training (IMT) promotes changes in cardiovascular autonomic responses in humans. METHODS: The methodology followed the PRISMA statement for reporting systematic review analysis. MEDLINE, PEDro, SCOPUS and PubMed electronic databases were searched from the inception to March 2017. The quality assessment was performed using a PEDro scale. The articles were included if: (1) primary objective was related to the effects of IMT on the cardiovascular autonomic nervous system, and (2) randomized clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies...
September 7, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910334/academic-career-intentions-in-the-life-sciences-can-research-self-efficacy-beliefs-explain-low-numbers-of-aspiring-physician-and-female-scientists
#8
Nurith Epstein, Martin R Fischer
A lack of physician scientists as well as a high female dropout rate from academic medicine and basic life sciences is a concern in many countries. The current study analyzes academic career intentions within a sample of recent doctoral graduates from medicine and basic life sciences (N = 1109), focusing on research self-efficacy beliefs as explanatory variable of gender and disciplinary differences. To ensure that differences in research self-efficacy could not be attributed solely to objective scientific performance, we controlled for number of publications and dissertation grade...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904547/the-process-of-transition-to-hemodialysis-a-grounded-theory-research
#9
Parkhideh Hassani, Masoumeh Otaghi, Mansoureh Zagheri-Tafreshi, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi
BACKGROUND: Transition is a passage or movement from one state, condition, or place to another. Patients with chronic disorders such as end-stage renal disease experience transitions. This study aims to explore the process of transition to hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a qualitative grounded theory of a doctoral dissertation. Twenty-four participants (19 patients on hemodialysis, 2 family members, 2 nurses, and a physician) were selected through purposive and theoretical sampling until data saturation...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899295/benner-s-framework-and-clinical-decision-making-in-the-critical-care-environment
#10
Kristi J Stinson
Completed as part of a larger dissertational study, the purpose of this portion of this descriptive correlational study was to examine the relationships among registered nurses' clinical experiences and clinical decision-making processes in the critical care environment. The results indicated that there is no strong correlation between clinical experience in general and clinical experience in critical care and clinical decision-making. There were no differences found in any of the Benner stages of clinical experience in relation to the overall clinical decision-making process...
January 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887216/phytochemistry-pharmacology-quality-control-and-future-research-of-forsythia-suspensa-thunb-vahl-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Zhaoyi Wang, Qing Xia, Xin Liu, Wenxue Liu, Wanzhen Huang, Xue Mei, Jun Luo, Mingxu Shan, Zhiqiang Ma, Ruichao Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Forsythiae Fructus (called Lianqiao in Chinese), the fruit of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl, is utilized as a common traditional medicine in China, Japan and Korea. It is traditionally used to treat pyrexia, inflammation, gonorrhea, carbuncle and erysipelas. Depending on the different harvest time, Forsythiae Fructus can be classified into two forms, namely Qingqiao and Laoqiao. The greenish fruits that start to ripen are collected as Qingqiao, while the yellow fruits that are fully ripe are collected as Laoqiao...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882509/clinical-benefits-of-joint-mobilisation-on-ankle-sprains-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Ishanka Weerasekara, Peter Osmotherly, Suzanne Snodgrass, Jodie Marquez, Rutger de Zoete, Darren A Rivett
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical benefits of joint mobilisation on ankle sprains. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, MEDLINE In Process, Embase, AMED, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane library, PEDro, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Dissertations and Thesis were searched from inception to June, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies investigating humans with a grade I or II lateral or medial sprains of the ankle in any pathological state from acute to chronic, who had been treated with joint mobilisation were considered for inclusion...
September 4, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881046/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-on-maternal-health-of-upright-positions-during-the-second-stage-of-labour-without-routine-epidural-analgesia
#13
REVIEW
Ayse Deliktas, Kamile Kukulu
AIM: To detect the effect on maternal health of upright positions during the second stage of labour. BACKGROUND: Maternal position during labour has an important effect on maternal and foetal health. DESIGN: A meta-analysis was used based on the Cochrane Handbook. DATA SOURCES: Randomized/nonrandomized clinical trials were searched with English and Turkish key words in databases (CINAHL, Medline, Science Direct, Springer Link, Ovid, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Networked Digital Library of Theses & Dissertations, Proquest, ULAKBİM (Turkish Academic Network and Information Center) and YÖK (Turkish Council of Higher Education) (1970-December 2015)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876445/the-companion-dissertation-enriching-the-doctoral-experience
#14
Erin M Robinson, Catherine Gannon Tagher
BACKGROUND: The completion of a doctoral dissertation has traditionally been an individual journey. Innovative approaches, such as the companion dissertation, are helping to shape doctoral education. The companion dissertation is a collaborative inquiry among two or more doctoral students who share mutual research interests. METHOD: Lack of innovative approaches to doctoral dissertation completion led to the development of a companion dissertation. Generative leadership, specifically focused on processes that influence interaction, served as a useful framework to support this form of innovation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876443/innovation-in-learning-phd-and-dnp-student-collaborations
#15
Linda H Eaton, Debra B Gordon, Ardith Z Doorenbos
BACKGROUND: Working together, PhD and Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) students can advance knowledge creation and the translation of knowledge into practice. Although different in purpose and education, PhD and DNP programs should prepare students to collaborate throughout their careers. This article describes an innovative pilot project that partnered PhD and DNP students during their graduate programs. METHOD: Group meetings were used to facilitate collaboration among 12 PhD and DNP students interested in pain management...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876388/brazilian-science-communication-research-national-and-international-contributions
#16
Germana Barata, Graça Caldas, Toss Gascoigne
Science communication has emerged as a new field over the last 50 years, and its progress has been marked by a rise in jobs, training courses, research, associations, conferences and publications. This paper describes science communication internationally and the trends and challenges it faces, before looking at the national level. We have documented science communication activities in Brazil, the training courses, research, financial support and associations/societies. By analyzing the publication of papers, dissertations and theses we have tracked the growth of this field, and compared the level of activity in Brazil with other countries...
August 31, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870339/birds-and-poultries-toxoplasmosis-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Azar Shokri, Mehdi Sharif, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Azadeh Mizani, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Mahboobeh Montazeri, Ahmad Daryani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overall prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection among birds and poultries in Iran. METHODS: Data were systematically collected from 1983 to 2016 in Iran on the following electronic databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, Magiran, Irandoc, IranMedex, and Scientific Information Database. Additionally, the abstracts of national scientific congresses and dissertations were included. RESULTS: A total of 20 articles in the field of birds and poultries toxoplasmosis, totally examining 4563 cases with 754 positive results reporting the overall prevalence of infection from all parts of Iran could fulfill our eligibility criteria...
July 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857505/gray-literature-an-important-resource-in-systematic-reviews
#18
Arsenio Paez
Systematic reviews aide the analysis and dissemination of evidence, using rigorous and transparent methods to generate empirically attained answers to focused research questions. Identifying all evidence relevant to the research questions is an essential component, and challenge, of systematic reviews. Gray literature, or evidence not published in commercial publications, can make important contributions to a systematic review. Gray literature can include academic papers, including theses and dissertations, research and committee reports, government reports, conference papers, and ongoing research, among others...
August 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842341/the-genus-psiadia-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#19
REVIEW
Keshika Mahadeo, Isabelle Grondin, Hippolyte Kodja, Joyce Soulange Govinden, Sabina Jhaumeer Laulloo, Michel Frederich, Anne Gauvin-Bialecki
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Psiadia Jacq. ex. Willd. belongs to the Asteraceae family and includes more than 60 species. This genus grows in tropical and subtropical regions, being especially well represented in Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands (La Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues). Several Psiadia species have been used traditionally for their medicinal properties in Africa and the Mascarene Islands. Based on traditional knowledge, various phytochemical and pharmacological studies have been conducted...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837757/systemic-antibiotics-for-treating-malignant-wounds
#20
REVIEW
Darshini A Ramasubbu, Valerie Smith, Fiona Hayden, Patricia Cronin
BACKGROUND: Malignant wounds are a devastating complication of cancer. They usually develop in the last six months of life, in the breast, chest wall or head and neck regions. They are very difficult to treat successfully, and the commonly associated symptoms of pain, exudate, malodour, and the risk of haemorrhage are extremely distressing for those with advanced cancer. Treatment and care of malignant wounds is primarily palliative, and focuses on alleviating pain, controlling infection and odour from the wound, managing exudate and protecting the surrounding skin from further deterioration...
August 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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