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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905356/-pathomorphological-changes-in-dementia-a-priority-of-domestic-researchers
#1
M M Odinak, I V Litvinenko, A Yu Emelin, V Yu Lobzin, I A Lupanov, K A Kolmakova
The authors analyze the clinical and pathomorphological description of dementia presented in the dissertation of S.A. Belyakov written under the supervision of professor I.P. Merzheevsky. This description was made 19 years before the A. Alzheimer discovery. The classification of dementia suggested by S.A. Belyakov is presented.
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898175/interventions-for-promoting-participation-in-shared-decision-making-for-children-with-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Imelda Coyne, Dónal P O'Mathúna, Faith Gibson, Linda Shields, Edith Leclercq, Greg Sheaf
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane systematic review of shared decision-making (SMD) making published in 2013. Children's rights to have their views heard in matters that affect their lives are now well established since the publication of the UN Convention treaty (1989). Children with cancer generally prefer to be involved in decision-making and consider it important that they have the opportunity to take part in decision-making concerning their health care, even in end-of-life decisions...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893371/efficient-high-dimensional-edge-aware-filtering
#3
Eduardo Simoes Lopes Gastal
Traditional computer graphics filters are agnostic to the concept of objects and the transition between objects (edges), but image filters need to take edges into account in order to produce high-quality, artifact-free, beautifully formed images. Eduardo S.L. Gastal's dissertation focuses on efficient algorithms for performing edge-aware image and video filtering. The techniques he describes here leverage the known relationship between edge-aware filtering and high-dimensional spaces and are capable of achieving real-time performance in high-resolution data...
November 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891630/making-dissertations-publishable
#4
EDITORIAL
Margaret H Kearney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886627/facilitating-the-development-of-higher-order-thinking-skills-hots-of-novice-nursing-postgraduates-in-africa
#5
Lizeth Roets, Jeanette Maritz
BACKGROUND: International research in nursing education has shown to be deficient regarding both the quality of research produced and the building of disciplinary capacity. The CHENMA (Collaboration for Higher Education of Nurses and Midwives in Africa) project aimed to strengthen nursing and midwifery expertise in Africa. Sixteen French-speaking students of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) enrolled for a master's degree in nursing midwifery at a South African university in 2008...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885708/oldest-medical-description-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta-17th-century-france
#6
Philippe Charlier, Antonio Perciaccante, Raffaella Bianucci
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), also known as Lobstein's syndrome or Vrolik's syndrome, comprises a heterogeneous group of rare genetic connective tissue disorders. It is characterized by increased bone fragility, low bone mass, and susceptibility to bone fractures of variable severity. Originally named "osteomalacia congenita," the condition was first medically described in a family by Ekman in 1778. Here, we report a 17th century medical account from France, which predates Eckman's doctoral dissertation by about a century...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885654/historical-trends-in-graduate-research-and-training-of-diplomates-of-the-american-board-of-forensic-anthropology
#7
Jonathan D Bethard
The history of forensic anthropology has been documented by numerous scholars. These contributions have described the work of early pioneers in the field and have described important milestones, such as the founding of the Physical Anthropology Section of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS) in 1972 and the American Board of Forensic Anthropology (ABFA) in 1977. This paper contributes to the growing literature on the history of forensic anthropology by documenting the academic training of all individuals who have been granted diplomate status by the ABFA (n = 115)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881120/a-scoping-review-of-medical-professionalism-research-published-in-the-chinese-language
#8
Xin Wang, Julie Shih, Fen-Ju Kuo, Ming-Jung Ho
BACKGROUND: The Chinese Medical Doctors Association (CMDA) adopted the Charter of Medical Professionalism in the New Millennium (Charter) and published the Chinese Medical Doctor Declaration (Declaration). This is an important step to re-building medical professionalism in China at a time when the commercialization of health care has led to a decline in physician accountability and public trust in the profession. In response, authors have begun to examine and promote medical professionalism in China...
November 23, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881093/continuous-quality-improvement-in-nephrology-a-systematic-review
#9
Julie Wright Nunes, F Jacob Seagull, Panduranga Rao, Jonathan H Segal, Nandita S Mani, Michael Heung
BACKGROUND: Continuous quality improvement (CQI) has been successfully applied in business and engineering for over 60 years. While using CQI techniques within nephrology has received increased attention, little is known about where, and with what measure of success, CQI can be attributed to improving outcomes within nephrology care. This is particularly important as payors' focus on value-based healthcare and reimbursement is tied to achieving quality improvement thresholds. We conducted a systematic review of CQI applications in nephrology...
November 24, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878808/interventions-for-tobacco-use-cessation-in-people-in-treatment-for-or-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Dorie Apollonio, Rose Philipps, Lisa Bero
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in people with alcohol and other drug dependencies are two to four times those of the general population. Concurrent treatment of tobacco dependence has been limited due to concern that these interventions are not successful in this population or that recovery from other addictions could be compromised if tobacco cessation was combined with other drug dependency treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether interventions for tobacco cessation are associated with tobacco abstinence for people in concurrent treatment for or in recovery from alcohol and other drug dependence...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870321/exploring-trust-in-online-health-information-a-study-of-user-experiences-of-patients-co-uk
#11
Anna Cunningham, Frances Johnson
This feature has been co-authored by Anna Cunningham and her supervisor Frances Johnson. It is based on the research Anna conducted for her dissertation, which she completed as part of her MA in Library and Information Management at Manchester Metropolitan University. The study explored how people assess the trustworthiness of online health information, and the participants were asked to talk aloud whilst viewing information on the consumer health information website patients.co.uk. The study confirmed that their assessment was based on the information usefulness and credibility as well as identifying the factors relating to information quality and website design that helped to form these judgements...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865796/bletilla-striata-medicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-activities
#12
REVIEW
Xirui He, Jiacheng Fang, Xiaoxiao Wang, Zefeng Zhao, Yu Chang, Hao Guo, Linhong Huang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Reichb. f. (Orchidaceae), also known as Hyacinth Orchid and Baiji (Simplified Chinese: ), not only has been widely used for the treatment of hematemesis, hemoptysis, and traumatic bleeding due to the efficacy of arresting bleeding with astringent action, but also has been applied topically to overcome ulcers, sores, swellings, and chapped skin due to the efficacy of dispersing swelling and promoting tissue regeneration. Additional medical applications include the treatment of tuberculosis, malignant ulcers, hemorrhoids, anthrax, eye diseases, and silicosis...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864537/effects-of-probiotic-supplementation-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Vajihe Akbari, Fatemeh Hendijani
CONTEXT: The rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes requires increased efforts to find effective therapeutic agents for this complex condition. Following the recent observation that the gut microbiota is altered in diabetic patients, researchers investigated the effect of probiotics in patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effects of probiotic consumption on glycemic control in diabetic patients. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science (formerly ISI Web of Knowledge), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials...
December 2016: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863928/a-scoping-review-of-the-role-of-lego-%C3%A2-therapy-for-improving-inclusion-and-social-skills-among-children-and-youth-with-autism
#14
REVIEW
Sally Lindsay, Kara Grace Hounsell, Celia Cassiani
BACKGROUND: LEGO(®) therapy uses children's natural interest in play to help motivate behavioural change and may be an effective teaching tool to increase social competency and communication skills. Although the literature is growing it has not been synthesized. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on the role of LEGO(®) therapy on social skills and inclusion among children and youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). METHODS: A scoping review was conducted, involving comprehensive searches of international databases...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860130/stress-fatigue-and-sleep-quality-leading-up-to-and-following-a-stressful-life-event
#15
Michelle Van Laethem, Debby G J Beckers, Ap Dijksterhuis, Sabine A E Geurts
This study aims to examine (a) the time course of stress, fatigue, and sleep quality among PhD students awaiting a stressful event and (b) whether daily anticipation of this event influences day-level stress, fatigue, and sleep quality. Forty-four PhD students completed evening and morning questionnaires on eight days from 1 month before their dissertation defense until one month thereafter. Results showed increased stress leading up to the defense, while fatigue and sleep quality remained unchanged. Comparing the night before the defense with the night after, stress rapidly decreased, whereas fatigue and sleep quality increased...
November 18, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848725/results-from-south-africa-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#16
Monika Uys, Susan Bassett, Catherine E Draper, Lisa Micklesfield, Andries Monyeki, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert
BACKGROUND: We present results of the 2016 Healthy Active Kids South Africa (HAKSA) Report Card on the current status of physical activity (PA) and nutrition in South African youth. The context in which we interpret the findings is that participation in PA is a fundamental human right, along with the right to "attainment of the highest standard of health." METHODS: The HAKSA 2016 Writing Group was comprised of 33 authorities in physical education, exercise science, nutrition, public health, and journalism...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848719/results-from-spain-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#17
Blanca Roman-Viñas, Jorge Marin, Mairena Sánchez-López, Susana Aznar, Rosaura Leis, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Helmut Schroder, Rocío Ortiz-Moncada, German Vicente, Marcela González-Gross, Lluís Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: The first Active Healthy Kids Spanish Report Card aims to gather the most robust information about physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior of children and adolescents. METHODS: A Research Working Group of experts on PA and sport sciences was convened. A comprehensive data search, based on a review of the literature, dissertations, gray literature, and experts' nonpublished data, was conducted to identify the best sources to grade each indicator following the procedures and methodology outlined by the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card model...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847233/utilization-of-inorganic-industrial-wastes-in-producing-construction-ceramics-review-of-russian-experience-for-the-years-2000-2015
#18
REVIEW
N V Boltakova, G R Faseeva, R R Kabirov, R M Nafikov, Yu A Zakharov
This paper analyzes the significant scientific publications worldwide for the last 15years concerning construction ceramics (predominantly brick) made with various inorganic industrial wastes added to the ceramic raw material for the improvement of properties and for eco-friendly disposal. The information gap resulting from the lack of mentions of the Russian publications on this subject in English-language reviews is filled. The paper includes brief summaries of 34 dissertations and 29 patents issued in Russia since 2000...
November 12, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846125/experiences-of-mental-health-professionals-and-patients-in-the-use-of-pro-re-nata-medication-in-acute-adult-mental-healthcare-settings-a-systematic-review
#19
Bernadette Morkunas, Kylie Porritt, Matthew Stephenson
BACKGROUND: The use of pro re nata (PRN) medication, a medication that is given when needed, as opposed to medication that is given at a regular time, is surrounded by claims of misuse and poor accountability within the mental health setting. Gaining insight into and understanding of the experiences of health professionals' and patients' use of PRN medication will assist in contributing to improving education and safety around this common intervention. OBJECTIVES: To analyze and synthesize the best available evidence on the perspectives of patients and mental health professionals (MHPs) with their experiences of PRN medication in mental health settings...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837148/dissertation-abstracts
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: History of Psychiatry
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