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P Wetselaar
Numerous ranking systems exist for the quantification of tooth wear, each unfortunately with its own particular shortcomings. In this dissertation a new and very comprehensive tooth wear evaluation system is described. In it, the existing terminology is adapted to distinguish among mechanical-intrinsic (formerly attrition), mechanical-extrinsic (formerly abrasion), chemical-intrinsic (formerly erosion) and chemical-extrinsic (formerly erosion). In order to indicate the degree of wear, the terms mild, moderate, serious and severe are used...
October 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Elif Can, Felicitas Richter, Ralitsa Valchanova, Marc Dewey
OBJECTIVES: To identify underlying causes for failure of medical thesis projects and the constantly high drop-out rate in Germany from the supervisors' perspective and to compare the results with the students' perspective. SETTING: Cross-sectional survey. Online questionnaire for survey of medical thesis supervisors among the staff of Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany. Published, earlier longitudinal survey among students for comparison. PARTICIPANTS: 1069 thesis supervisors participated...
October 14, 2016: BMJ Open
Mohammadali Nikoo, Nooshin Nikoo, Sanam Javid, Afshar Amiri, Marc Vogel, Fiona Choi, Amir Ali Sepehry, Amir Hooshang Bagheri Valoojerdi, Kerry Jang, Christian Schütz, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Michael Krausz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recently, there has been a growing interest in using Opium Tincture (OT) for treating opioid dependence in certain regions. We aimed to assess the evidence on its safety and efficacy for this indication. METHODS: We searched several databases (CENTRAL, Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, PsychINFO, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses Database, Iran Medex,, and with no language or publication date limitations. Two reviewers selected Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT), cohort /case-control/ cross-sectional studies and case-series on safety or efficacy of OT for treating opioid dependence and then extracted reported measures of mentioned outcomes from selected studies...
October 14, 2016: Addiction
Daniele Corrêa Ribeiro
This article is part of an effort to compile the analyses made for my master's dissertation from 2012. It contains new perspectives on Hospício de Pedro II (Pedro II Hospice) between 1883 and 1889, drawing on research of admissions records and files of patients staying at the institution, founded in 1852 in Rio de Janeiro. The involvement of different players and the interplay of different interests and demands with regard to the hospice are highlighted. It is important to expand the debate concerning the institution beyond medical and scientific aspects, considering its importance both as a charity and for its key role in the political and social relations of the empire...
October 10, 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Sonia Lorente, Jaume Vives, Josep-Maria Losilla
AIM: To analyse the psychometric properties, outcomes and utility of instruments measuring the patient comfort during hospitalization BACKGROUND: While there are numerous systematic reviews assessing the psychometric properties of health care instruments, none of them is devoted to evaluate the psychometric properties of instruments measuring comfort, which is considered an indicator of quality in health care and is associated to quicker discharges, increased patient satisfaction and stronger cost-benefit ratios for the institution DESIGN: Psychometric Systematic review...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Andy Cochrane, Mairead Furlong, Sinead McGilloway, David W Molloy, Michael Stevenson, Michael Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Reablement, also known as restorative care, is one possible approach to home-care services for older adults at risk of functional decline. Unlike traditional home-care services, reablement is frequently time-limited (usually six to 12 weeks) and aims to maximise independence by offering an intensive multidisciplinary, person-centred and goal-directed intervention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of time-limited home-care reablement services (up to 12 weeks) for maintaining and improving the functional independence of older adults (aged 65 years or more) when compared to usual home-care or wait-list control group...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M M Odinak, I V Litvinenko, A Yu Emelin, V Yu Lobzin, I A Lupanov, K A Kolmakova
The authors analyze the clinical and pathomorphological description of dementia presented in the dissertation of S.A. Belyakov written under the supervision of professor I.P. Merzheevsky. This description was made 19 years before the A. Alzheimer discovery. The classification of dementia suggested by S.A. Belyakov is presented.
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Janis Antonovics, Jacobus Kritzinger
This study presents the first translation from Latin to English of the Linnaean dissertation Mundus invisibilis or The Invisible World, submitted by Johannes Roos in 1769. The dissertation highlights Linnaeus's conviction that infectious diseases could be transmitted by living organisms, too small to be seen. Biographies of Linnaeus often fail to mention that Linnaeus was correct in ascribing the cause of diseases such as measles, smallpox and syphilis to living organisms. The dissertation itself reviews the work of many microscopists, especially on zoophytes and insects, marvelling at the many unexpected discoveries...
September 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
Kirsten K Davison, Selma Gicevic, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Claudia Ganter, Christine L Simon, Sami Newlan, Jennifer A Manganello
BACKGROUND: The involvement of fathers in caregiving has increased substantially over the past 30 years. Yet in child and adolescent psychopathology, few studies include fathers as research participants and few present results for fathers separate from those for mothers. We test for the first time whether a similar pattern exists in research on parenting and childhood obesity. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and quantitative content analysis of observational studies on parenting and childhood obesity to (1) document the inclusion of fathers, relative to mothers, as research participants and (2) examine characteristics of studies that did and did not include fathers...
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
A Madhavan, L A LaGorio, M A Crary, W J Dahl, G D Carnaby
OBJECTIVES: This review clarifies current information regarding the prevalence of and risk factors associated with dysphagia (swallowing disorders) in the community dwelling elderly (CDE). A better understanding of prevalence and characteristics of dysphagia in the CDE will help to determine the scope of this problem. Understanding the scope of dysphagia is a critical first step towards early identification, management, and prevention of dysphagia related morbidities in the CDE. METHODS: Studies identified from multiple electronic databases (MEDLINE (Pubmed), PsychInfo, Google Scholar, EBSCO, PROQUEST, Web of Science and WorldCat dissertations and theses) evaluating prevalence and risk factors for dysphagia in the CDE were reviewed...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Azita Balaghafari, Hasan Siamian, Farideh Kharamin, Seyyedeh Shahrbanoo Rashida, Nassim Ghahrani
BACKGROUND: Review and evaluation of research for the correct steps towards real progress is essential which is a healthy and dynamic feature of the system. For the correct step toward real progress, evaluation research is essential which is feature of healthy and dynamic system. Considering the importance of scientific thesis in production and development and be aware of as the lack of structured information and qualitative and quantitative assessment at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, therefore we decided to do qualitative stud of theirs prepared 1995-2014...
July 16, 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Thaís P Miranda, Amanda F Cunha, Antonio C Marques
Thirty new species of benthic leptothecate hydroids were described and named from Patagonia in a 1991 PhD dissertation by Mohamed El Beshbeeshy. Although constituting nomina nuda under provisions of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN), the names of some species were used in several scientific publications between 1991 and 2011. In 2011, the dissertation of El Beshbeeshy was published in accordance with Article 8 of the ICZN. Several species-group names appearing in that work nevertheless fail to fully comply with certain articles of the code...
September 29, 2016: Zootaxa
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Jacqueline Reilly
BACKGROUND: A dissertation is often a core component of the Masters in Public Health (MPH) qualification. This study aims to explore its purpose, from the perspective of both students and supervisors, and identify practices viewed as constituting good supervision. METHODS: A multi-perspective qualitative study drawing on in-depth one-to-one interviews with MPH supervisors (n = 8) and students (n = 10), with data thematically analysed. RESULTS: The MPH dissertation was viewed as providing generic as well as discipline-specific knowledge and skills...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Beverly W Henry, Derryl E Block, James R Ciesla, Beth Ann McGowan, John A Vozenilek
Literature on telehealth care delivery often addresses clinical, cost, technological, system, and organizational impacts. Less is known about interpersonal behaviors such as communication patterns and therapeutic relationship-building, which may have workforce development considerations. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review to identify interpersonal health care provider (HCP) behaviors and attributes related to provider-patient interaction during care in telehealth delivery...
October 1, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
James P Donnelly
The purpose of this study was to identify, summarize, and synthesize all doctoral dissertations completed using Trochim's concept mapping methodology between 1985 and 2014. A comprehensive search produced a set of 108 eligible dissertations; of which 104 were available as full-text or hard copy. The studies were coded on 77 variables, which were summarized in descriptive analyses. The dissertations were conducted in a wide variety of topic areas and completed at 35 different universities in the US and Canada...
August 28, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
Oluwole Gbolagunte Ajao, Adekola Alao
BACKGROUND: In 1904, William Halsted introduced the present model of surgical residency program which has been adopted worldwide. In some developing countries, where surgical residency training programs are new, some colleges have introduced innovations to the Halsted's original concept of surgical residency training. These include 1) primary examination, 2) rural surgical posting, and 3) submission of dissertation for final certification. STUDY DESIGN: Our information was gathered from the publications on West African College of Surgeons' (WACS) curriculum of the medical schools, faculty papers of medical schools, and findings from committees of medical schools...
2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
Yang Xia, Peter Stilbs
OBJECTIVE: To recap the historical journey leading to the first cartilage research article using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), published in 1955 by 2 Swedish researchers, Erik Odeblad and Gunnar Lindström. DESIGN: Extensive Internet search utilizing both English and Swedish websites, and reading the dissertations available at the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm, Sweden) and via interlibrary loans at Oakland University (Michigan, USA). RESULTS: Using a primitive NMR instrument that Lindström built for his graduate research at the Nobel Institute for Physics (Stockholm, Sweden), Odeblad and Lindström studied the characteristics of the NMR signal in calf cartilage...
October 2016: Cartilage
Shelby R Hayes, Ashley J Vargas
: Goldenberg JZ, Lytvyn L, Steurich J, Parkin P, Mahant S, Johnston BC. Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic-associated diarrhea.Cochrane Database Syst Rev2015, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD004827. BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are frequently prescribed in children. They alter the microbial balance within the gastrointestinal tract, commonly resulting in antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD). Probiotics may prevent AAD via restoration of the gut microflora...
August 26, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Valeria Duarte Gregorio, Roselma Lucchese, Ivânia Vera, Graciele C Silva, Andrecia Silva, Rayrane Clarah Chaveiro Moraes
Background: Bariatric surgery has been an alternative when conservative methods of weight loss fail. Patients undergoing bariatric surgery have an increased risk of up to 6.5% of problems related to alcohol. Objective: Integrative review out to analyze the change of alcohol consumption in this public. Method: Database was accessed from June of 2015 to January of 2016 by searching "bariatric surgery" AND "alcoholism", and their Portuguese equivalents...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Enid Y Sun, Yuri T Jadotte, William Halperin
PURPOSE: Phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a class I recommendation for all patients following an acute cardiac event or cardiac surgery according to the The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Studies have shown that there are differences in cardiac rehabilitation participation rates between sociodemographic groups. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analyses was to synthesize quantitative data on the relationship between outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR) attendance and various sociodemographic factors...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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