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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226054/patient-safety-in-nursing-paths-in-brazil
#1
Andréa Tayse de Lima Gomes, Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Cláudia Cristiane Filgueira Martins Rodrigues, Micheline da Fonseca Silva, Larissa de Lima Ferreira, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos
Objective: summarize the dissertations and theses produced by nurses available in the Catalog of Theses and Dissertations of the Brazilian Nursing Association, from volume XIX to XXXII, that address patient safety. Method: this is a documentary study. After data collection, the following variables were analyzed: academic level, educational institutions, year, place, type of service, study object, study method, subjects, priority protocol of patient safety, implications and final recommendations...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225840/-historiographies-psychiatry-in-brazil-and-its-institutions
#2
Ana Ta Venancio, Cristiana Facchinetti
This article presents an overview of the history of Psychiatry field and its institutions in Brazil, with emphasis on literature produced in the last thirty-five years. It places the history of Psychiatry in the broader context of theoretical trends in historical studies - as philosophical, anthropological, social history and cultural history approaches - highlighting the most current analyzes. To achieve this goal, authors' selected doctoral theses and dissertations dedicated to mental health in Rio de Janeiro's History as well as Public Health and Psychiatry Graduate Programs...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220380/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-deprescribe-inappropriate-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-older-adults
#3
REVIEW
Tom D Wilsdon, Ivanka Hendrix, Tilenka R J Thynne, Arduino A Mangoni
BACKGROUND: The use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in older adults is high, often inappropriate, and may cause harm. Deprescribing is defined as the reduction, withdrawal, or discontinuation of inappropriate medication. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of interventions to deprescribe inappropriate PPIs in older adults. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, and Google from inception to January 2017 for randomized and non-randomized studies describing the outcomes of interventions to deprescribe inappropriate PPIs in older adults (mean or median age of ≥65 years)...
February 21, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219446/effective-knowledge-translation-approaches-and-practices-in-indigenous-health-research-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Melody E Morton Ninomiya, Donna Atkinson, Simon Brascoupé, Michelle Firestone, Nicole Robinson, Jeff Reading, Carolyn P Ziegler, Raglan Maddox, Janet K Smylie
BACKGROUND: Effective knowledge translation (KT) is critical to implementing program and policy changes that require shared understandings of knowledge systems, assumptions, and practices. Within mainstream research institutions and funding agencies, systemic and insidious inequities, privileges, and power relationships inhibit Indigenous peoples' control, input, and benefits over research. This systematic review will examine literature on KT initiatives in Indigenous health research to help identify wise and promising Indigenous KT practices and language in Canada and abroad...
February 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217724/quality-of-life-among-female-cancer-survivors-in-africa-an-integrative-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Rhoda Suubi Muliira, Anna Santos Salas, Beverley O'Brien
Quality of life (QOL) has been studied extensively among cancer populations in high income countries where cancer care resources are available to many. Little is known concerning the QOL of cancer groups residing in Africa where resources can be scarce. The integrative review of the literature explored and critically examined studies that had addressed QOL in female cancer survivors in Africa. The extent to which QOL studies incorporated a cultural perspective was also examined. Research studies published between 2005 and 2015 were retrieved from five databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, ProQuest dissertations and Theses full text, and GlobalHealth...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212468/-the-dissertation-as-a-final-product-of-a-specialty-in-medicine
#6
Manuel Ramiro-H, Enrique Cruz-A
Submitting a written report of a research proyect, also known as dissertation (or thesis), is one of the requirements established by academic institutions for the student to achieve the degree of specialist in medicine. Preparing the dissertation is not only an academic challenge for postgraduate students and professors; it is also a logistical challenge. Highlighting that effort and the dissertation itself will result in a better attention for the beneficiaries of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social.
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207604/memory-rehabilitation-strategies-in-nonsurgical-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-review
#7
Alessandra Del Felice, Marzia Alderighi, Matteo Martinato, Davide Grisafi, Anna Bosco, Pamela J Thompson, Josemir W Sander, Stefano Masiero
People with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who have not undergone epilepsy surgery often complain of memory deficits. Cognitive rehabilitation is employed as a remedial intervention in clinical settings, but research is limited and findings concerning efficacy and the criteria for choosing different approaches have been inconsistent. We aimed to appraise existing evidence on memory rehabilitation in nonsurgical individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy and to ascertain the effectiveness of specific strategies. A scoping review was preferred given the heterogeneous nature of the interventions...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196572/unleashing-the-publishing-power-of-your-dissertation
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192857/translation-of-hecker-s-the-occipital-atlanto-axial-ligament-system-a-study-in-comparative-anatomy
#9
Peter C Oakes, Juan Pablo Sardi, Joe Iwanaga, Nitsa Topale, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
In 1922, Paul Hecker, a French physician and Head of Anatomy at the Medical College of Strasbourg published a sentinel thesis on the ligaments of the craniocervical junction based on a study of comparative anatomy. Unfortunately, this dissertation has been lost to history and until now, was unavailable in the English language. Herein, we present a translation of Hecker's work with an update in its nomenclature, which with modern imaging capabilities of the craniocervical junction is germane and timely. This article is protected by copyright...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178025/the-short-term-impact-of-colorectal-cancer-treatment-on-physical-activity-functional-status-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#10
C J Cabilan, Sonia Hines
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, functional status and quality of life (QoL) are important determinants of the quality of life (QoL) after colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment; however, little is known on how the treatment impacts these outcomes. Having this understanding could help clinicians develop and implement strategies that would enhance or maintain the QoL of CRC patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify the impact of curative CRC treatment (surgery with or without radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy) on physical activity, functional status and QoL within one year of treatment or diagnosis...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178021/the-meanings-young-people-assign-to-living-with-mental-illness-and-their-experiences-in-managing-their-health-and-lives-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#11
Roberta L Woodgate, Corey Sigurdson, Lisa Demczuk, Pauline Tennent, Bernadine Wallis, Pamela Wener
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that less than 25% of young people in need of treatment for mental illness receive specialized services, and even fewer receive a diagnosis by their doctor. These findings are troubling given that living with a mental illness can have a significant impact on a young person's life, the lives of his/her family members, the young person's community and society generally. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the best available qualitative evidence on the meanings young people assign to living with mental illness and their experiences in managing their health and lives...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177958/feedback-for-learners-in-medical-education-what-is-known-a-scoping-review
#12
Robert Bing-You, Victoria Hayes, Kalli Varaklis, Robert Trowbridge, Heather Kemp, Dina McKelvy
PURPOSE: To conduct a scoping review of the literature on feedback for learners in medical education. METHOD: In 2015-2016, the authors searched the Ovid MEDLINE, ERIC, CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, Web of Science, and Scopus databases and seven medical education journals (via OvidSP) for articles published January 1980-December 2015. Two reviewers screened articles for eligibility with inclusion criteria. All authors extracted key data and analyzed data descriptively...
February 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173882/efficacy-of-school-based-interventions-aimed-at-decreasing-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#13
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Dominique Beaulieu, Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Danielle Boucher, Caroline Sirois, Marylène Dugas, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVE: To verify the efficacy of school-based interventions aimed at reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among adolescents in order to develop or improve public health interventions. DESIGN: Systematic review of interventions targeting adolescents and/or the school environment. SETTING: The following databases were investigated: MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and EMBASE. Proquest Dissertations and Theses was also investigated for unpublished trials...
February 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163690/mentalizing-makes-parenting-work-a-review-about-parental-reflective-functioning-and-clinical-interventions-to-improve-it
#14
REVIEW
Andrea Camoirano
In the last decade several studies have investigated the role of parental reflective functioning (RF), defined as the parental ability to understand his/her child's mental states, on the child's development. Herein, a narrative review on parental RF is presented aimed at (1) presenting an overview of the existing empirical studies, (2) pinpointing unrequited questions, and (3) identifying future research directions. Specifically, the current review focused on (a) the impact of parental RF on the quality of caregiving and the child's attachment security, (b) the effect of parental RF on the child's emotion regulation and the child's RF, (c) maternal RF in women with a history of neglect and abuse, (d) the efficacy of mentalization-based clinical interventions, and (e) the recently developed Parental Reflective Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139150/efficacy-of-purtscher-s-retinopathy-treatments-a-systematic-review
#15
Duosheng Xia, Xiaomei Chen, Qi Zhou, Shujun Xiao, Yang Yu, Yadong Wang, Gang Du, Haixiang Huang, Wenfang Zhang, Yaolong Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to evaluate the efficacy of available Purtscher's Retinopathy treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to collect single-case reports, electronic searches were conducted in several databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, SinoMed, VIP, and WanFang in the Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. In VIP and Wanfang, we also traced the references of included articles. Risk of bias was evaluated using a tool adapted from the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool...
January 31, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132426/unwarranted-variation-in-utilization-of-cesarean-birth-among-low-risk-childbearing-women
#16
REVIEW
Diana R Jolles
INTRODUCTION: Unwarranted variations in care are defined as differences in utilization of health care resources that cannot be explained by patient risk factors, standards of evidence-based medicine, or patient preferences. Also known as nonmedical determinants of variation, differences in health care utilization across the United States have been well documented in the literature during the past 40 years. The purpose of the literature review is to summarize the state of the science related to the nonmedical determinants of variation in cesarean birth among low-risk childbearing women, defined within national quality standards as nulliparous women with term, singleton pregnancies in the vertex presentation...
January 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132001/safe-clinical-practice-for-patients-hospitalised-in-a-suicidal-crisis-a-study-protocol-for-a-qualitative-case-study
#17
Siv Hilde Berg, Kristine Rørtveit, Fredrik A Walby, Karina Aase
INTRODUCTION: Suicide prevention in psychiatric care is arguably complex and incompletely understood as a patient safety issue. A resilient healthcare approach provides perspectives through which to understand this complexity by understanding everyday clinical practice. By including suicidal patients and healthcare professionals as sources of knowledge, a deeper understanding of what constitutes safe clinical practice can be achieved. METHODS: This planned study aims to adopt the perspective of resilient healthcare to provide a deeper understanding of safe clinical practice for suicidal patients in psychiatric inpatient care...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131150/using-simulation-in-nursing-phd-education-facilitating-application-of-responsible-conduct-of-research-principles
#18
Margaret F Clayton, Katherine Supiano, Rebecca Wilson, Madeline Lassche, Gwen Latendresse
Simulation is a standard clinical nursing educational approach; however, simulation is rarely used in nonclinical nursing education. In doctor of philosophy (PhD) programs, ethical content about responsible conduct of research (RCR) is traditionally didactic, presented early in the program of study. Ethics content merits review before students begin the dissertation phase; thus, the purpose of this project was to design and implement simulated scenarios to help students apply RCR principles prior to beginning independent research...
January 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128043/healthcare-leadership-s-diversity-paradox
#19
Reginald Silver
Purpose The purpose of this research study was to obtain healthcare executives' perspectives on diversity in executive healthcare leadership. The study focused on identifying perspectives about diversity and its potential impact on the access of healthcare services by people of color. The study also identified perspectives about factors that influence the attainment of executive healthcare roles by people of color. Design/methodology/approach A convenience sample of healthcare executives was obtained. The executives identified themselves as belonging to one of two subgroups, White healthcare executives or executives of color...
February 6, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119313/the-association-between-cognitive-impairment-and-functional-outcome-in-hospitalised-older-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Peter Hartley, Nathalie Gibbins, Amanda Saunders, Kerry Alexander, Eimear Conroy, Rebecca Dixon, Joseph Lang, Jasmine Luckett, Tim Luddington, Roman Romero-Ortuno
BACKGROUND: in hospitalised older adults, cognitive impairments are common and may be associated with functional outcomes. Our aim was to systematically review this association. METHOD: we systematically searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, AMED and PsycINFO from inception to April 2016. Non-English language studies were filtered out at search stage. All types of studies were considered for inclusion except reviews, conference abstracts, dissertations and case studies. POPULATION: community-dwelling or institutionalised older adults aged 65 years or more, who are acutely hospitalised and have information on history of dementia and/or cognitive scores on admission...
January 23, 2017: Age and Ageing
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