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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729119/effect-of-restorations-using-a-flowable-resin-composite-in-non-carious-cervical-lesions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Anna Szesz, Sibelli Parreiras, Eveline Martini, Alessandra Reis, Alessandro Loguercio
OBJECTIVES: To answer the following PICO question (participant, intervention, comparator and outcome): Does flowable resin composite restorations compared with regular resin composites improve the marginal adaptation, marginal discoloration and retention rates of restorations placed in non-carious cervical lesions [NCCLs] of adults?, through a systematic review and meta-analysis. SOURCE: MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library and SIGLE were searched without restrictions, as well as the abstracts of the IADR, clinical trials registries, dissertations and theses in May 2016 (updated in April 2017)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718464/-dissertation-25-years-after-date-48-the-effect-of-saliva-on-the-colonisation-of-oral-bacteria
#2
A J M Ligtenberg
In the research that formed the basis of the dissertation 'Intervention of saliva in the colonization process of oral bacteria' from 1992, the aggregation or clustering of oral bacteria by saliva was investigated. This prevents bacterial colonisation in the mouth. Major individual differences in aggregation activity of different saliva samples were found to exist, partly determined by the blood group of the saliva donor. As well as being found in red blood cells, AB0 blood group antigens also appear on salivary glycoproteins...
July 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716289/devic-s-disease-before-devic-on-the-contribution-of-friedrich-albin-schanz-1863-1923
#3
S Jarius, B Wildemann
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO, Devic's disease) is an autoimmune disorder of the CNS that mainly affects the optic nerves and spinal cord and, if not treated, can leave patients blind and wheelchair-bound. NMO was long considered a clinical variant of multiple sclerosis (MS). While the history of MS has been studied extensively, relatively little is known about the early history of NMO. A dissertation written by Fernand Gault (1873-1936), a doctoral student to Eugène Devic (1858-1930), a Lyon-based neurologist after whom the disease would later be named, is considered by many the first review of NMO...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713140/the-engaged-dissertation-conducting-community-based-participatory-research-with-rural-indigenous-communities-as-a-graduate-student
#4
Jana Wilbricht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704405/community-health-workers-for-non-communicable-diseases-prevention-and-control-in-developing-countries-evidence-and-implications
#5
Gursimer Jeet, J S Thakur, Shankar Prinja, Meenu Singh
BACKGROUND: National programs for non-communicable diseases (NCD) prevention and control in different low middle income countries have a strong community component. A community health worker (CHW) delivers NCD preventive services using informational as well as behavioural approaches. Community education and interpersonal communication on lifestyle modifications is imparted with focus on primordial prevention of NCDs and screening is conducted as part of early diagnosis and management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704098/accuracy-of-plasma-free-metanephrines-in-the-diagnosis-of-pheochromocytoma-and-paraganglioma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Yan Chen, Huangmeng Xiao, Xieda Zhou, Xiaoyu Huang, Yanbing Li, Haipeng Xiao, Xiaopei Cao
OBJECTIVE: Various studies have validated plasma free metanephrines as biomarkers for pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL). This meta-analysis aimed to estimate the overall diagnostic accuracy of this biochemical test for PPGL. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, OvidSP, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses databases from January 1, 1995 to December 2, 2016 and selected studies written in English that assessed plasma free metanephrines in the diagnosis of PPGL...
July 13, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701409/what-outcomes-are-associated-with-developing-and-implementing-co-produced-interventions-in-acute-healthcare-settings-a-rapid-evidence-synthesis
#7
David Clarke, Fiona Jones, Ruth Harris, Glenn Robert
BACKGROUND: Co-production is defined as the voluntary or involuntary involvement of users in the design, management, delivery and/or evaluation of services. Interest in co-production as an intervention for improving healthcare quality is increasing. In the acute healthcare context, co-production is promoted as harnessing the knowledge of patients, carers and staff to make changes about which they care most. However, little is known regarding the impact of co-production on patient, staff or organisational outcomes in these settings...
July 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701028/psychological-interventions-for-acute-pain-after-open-heart-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Susanne Ziehm, Jenny Rosendahl, Jürgen Barth, Bernhard M Strauss, Anja Mehnert, Susan Koranyi
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review previously published in 2014. Acute postoperative pain is one of the most disturbing complaints in open heart surgery, and is associated with a risk of negative consequences. Several trials investigated the effects of psychological interventions to reduce acute postoperative pain and improve the course of physical and psychological recovery of participants undergoing open heart surgery. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of psychological interventions as an adjunct to standard care versus standard care alone or standard care plus attention control in adults undergoing open heart surgery for pain, pain medication, psychological distress, mobility, and time to extubation...
July 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675796/negative-or-positive-the-iron-lung-and-poliomyelitis-zurich-1951
#9
T Eichel, M L Dreux
During the poliomyelitis epidemics of the last century hospitals were inundated with patients in acute respiratory failure. Between 1946 and 1949, Nandor (Ferdinand) Eichel documented the use of the iron lung in children with acute poliomyelitis at the University Children's Hospital, Zurich. The aim was to assess the effectiveness of the Iron lung and negative pressure respiratory support for this indication and to establish its role in the context of other existing therapies at the time. Eichel produced his review and data as the Inaugural Dissertation towards his medical degree from the the University of Zurich, published in 1951...
March 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674123/dietary-and-physical-activity-strategies-to-prevent-type-2-diabetes-in-south-asian-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#10
Mirthe Muilwijk, Karien Stronks, Samera Azeem Qureshi, Erik Beune, Carlos Celis-Morales, Jason Gill, Aziz Sheikh, Anne Karen Jenum, Irene Gm van Valkengoed
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a major health concern among populations of South Asian ethnicity. Although dietary and physical activity interventions may reduce the risk of T2D, the effectiveness has been moderate among South Asians. This might (in part) be because this subgroup follows strategies that were originally developed for interventions among other populations. Therefore, this review aims to assess the evidence for the current dietary and physical activity strategies recommended in T2D prevention intervention studies and guidelines for South Asians...
July 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668646/systematic-review-and-technological-overview-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-tagetes-minuta-and-future-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Daniela Coelho Dos Santos, Lara Rodrigues Schneider, Andressa da Silva Barboza, Ângela Diniz Campos, Rafael Guerra Lund
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The antimicrobial potential of Tagetes minuta was correlated with its traditional use as antibacterial, insecticidal, biocide, disinfectant, anthelminthic, antifungal, and antiseptic agent as well as its use in urinary tract infections. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to systematically review articles and patents regarding the antimicrobial activity of T. minuta and give rise to perspectives on this plant as a potential antimicrobial agent...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656643/risk-factors-for-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Kelly McGowan, Troy McGowan, Saso Ivanovski
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the patient populations at risk of medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) and determine which medical and dental comorbidities are significant risk factors for this disease. METHODS: An electronic search of Embase, MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global was conducted to identify all human studies that reported risk factors for MRONJ...
June 28, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#13
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629816/tinospora-species-an-overview-of-their-modulating-effects-on-the-immune-system
#14
REVIEW
Md Areeful Haque, Ibrahim Jantan, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Studies on the effects of natural immunomodulators to heal various diseases related to the immune system have been a growing interest in recent years. Amongst the medicinal plants, Tinospora species (family; Menispermaceae) have been one of the widely investigated plants for their modulating effects on the immune system due to their wide use in ethnomedicine to treat various ailments related to immune-related diseases. However, their ethnopharmacological uses are mainly with limited or without scientific basis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628749/acupuncture-related-techniques-for-psoriasis-a-systematic-review-with-pairwise-and-network-meta-analyses-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Mei-Ling Yeh, Shu-Hua Ko, Mei-Hua Wang, Ching-Chi Chi, Yu-Chu Chung
OBJECTIVE: There has be a large body of evidence on the pharmacological treatments for psoriasis, but whether nonpharmacological interventions are effective in managing psoriasis remains largely unclear. This systematic review conducted pairwise and network meta-analyses to determine the effects of acupuncture-related techniques on acupoint stimulation for the treatment of psoriasis and to determine the order of effectiveness of these remedies. METHODS: This study searched the following databases from inception to March 15, 2016: Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EBSCO (including Academic Search Premier, American Doctoral Dissertations, and CINAHL), Airiti Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628538/memory-rehabilitation-strategies-in-nonsurgical-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-review
#16
Alessandra Del Felice, Marzia Alderighi, Matteo Martinato, Davide Grisafi, Anna Bosco, Pamela J Thompson, Josemir W Sander, Stefano Masiero
People with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who have not undergone epilepsy surgery often complain of memory deficits. Cognitive rehabilitation is employed as a remedial intervention in clinical settings, but research is limited and findings concerning efficacy and the criteria for choosing different approaches have been inconsistent. We aimed to appraise existing evidence on memory rehabilitation in nonsurgical individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy and to ascertain the effectiveness of specific strategies. A scoping review was preferred given the heterogeneous nature of the interventions...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626791/hiv-risk-reduction-prevention-interventions-targeting-african-american-adolescent-women
#17
C Emily Hendrick, Caitlin Canfield
African American young women are overwhelmingly disproportionately burdened by HIV/AIDS in the United States today. The purpose of the current systematic review was to identify the characteristics of efficacious HIV risk-reduction prevention interventions targeting African American adolescent women in order to inform future intervention development and expansion. We searched PubMed, PsychInfo, and ProQuest databases for journal articles and dissertations published between 2000 and 2015 reporting the impacts of HIV risk-reduction prevention interventions in the U...
June 2017: Adolesc Res Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617666/parasitic-diseases-of-camels-in-iran-1931-2017-a-literature-review
#18
Alireza Sazmand, Anja Joachim
Parasitic diseases of camels are major causes of impaired milk and meat production, decreases in performance or even death. Some camel parasites also represent a threat to human health. About 171,500 one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) and 100-300 two-humped camels (Camelus bactrianus) live in Iran. Knowledge of the biodiversity of their parasites is still limited. The present review covers all information about camel parasitic diseases in Iran published as dissertations and in both Iranian and international journals from 1931 to February 2017...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615278/individual-social-and-environmental-determinants-of-sleep-among-women-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Lydi-Anne Vézina-Im, Jennette P Moreno, Debbe Thompson, Theresa A Nicklas, Tom Baranowski
INTRODUCTION: Sleep is important to promote optimal health and avoid negative health outcomes. Short-duration and low-quality sleep may be more common and more detrimental among women compared with men. Identifying the determinants of behaviour is one of the first steps in designing effective interventions. To our knowledge, no systematic review has identified the individual, social and environmental determinants of sleep among adult women. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Studies reporting data on adult women from 18 to 64 years of age will be included...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610405/the-investigation-of-polymorphisms-in-dna-repair-genes-xrcc1-ape1-and-xpd-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#20
Gonca Gulbay, Elif Yesilada, Onder Celik, Saim Yologlu
Background: PCOS was reported to arise from the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Some studies reported that women with PCOS have DNA damage and chromosome breakage. Such studies bring to mind the genes that are involved in DNA repairing. At present, several DNA repair genes and, as products of these genes, certain polymorphisms that alter the activity of proteins are known in the literature. The aim of this dissertation is to study the genomic instability that have been reported in PCOS cases along with the relationship between XRCC1 Arg194Trp, XRCC1 Arg399Gln, APE1 Asp148Glu, and XPD Lys751Gln polymorphisms in order to contribute to the pathogenesis of PCOS...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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