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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#1
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148217/factors-contributing-to-managerial-competence-of-first-line-nurse-managers-a-systematic-review
#2
Joko Gunawan, Yupin Aungsuroch, Mary L Fisher
AIMS: To determine the factors contributing to managerial competence of first-line nurse managers. BACKGROUND: Understanding factors affecting managerial competence of nurse managers remains important to increase the performance of organizations; however, there is sparse research examining factors that influence managerial competence of first-line nurse managers. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: The search strategy was conducted from April to July 2017 that included 6 electronic databases: Science Direct, PROQUEST Dissertations and Theses, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and Google Scholar for the years 2000 to 2017 with full text in English...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144545/music-therapy-for-depression
#3
REVIEW
Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar-Poli, Ruth E Freeman, Marinus Spreen, Johannes Cf Ket, Annemiek C Vink, Anna Maratos, Mike Crawford, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder that is characterised by persistent low mood, diminished interest, and loss of pleasure. Music therapy may be helpful in modulating moods and emotions. An update of the 2008 Cochrane review was needed to improve knowledge on effects of music therapy for depression. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU) and psychological, pharmacological, and/or other therapies...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141646/physical-activity-and-the-environment-conceptual-review-and-framework-for-intervention-research
#4
REVIEW
Jenna Panter, Cornelia Guell, Rick Prins, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Changing the physical environment is one way to promote physical activity and improve health, but evidence on intervention effectiveness is mixed. The theoretical perspectives and conceptual issues discussed or used in evaluative studies and related literature may contribute to these inconsistencies. We aimed to advance the intervention research agenda by systematically searching for and synthesising the literature pertaining to these wider conceptual issues. METHODS: We searched for editorials, commentaries, reviews, or primary qualitative or quantitative studies in multiple disciplines by electronic searches of key databases (MEDLINE and MEDLINE In-Process, Web of Science, Cochrane Reviews, ProQuest for dissertations, Health Evidence, EPPI-Centre, TRID and NICE) and snowballing...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139105/preoperative-medical-therapy-before-surgery-for-uterine-fibroids
#5
REVIEW
Anne Lethaby, Lucian Puscasiu, Beverley Vollenhoven
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids occur in up to 40% of women aged over 35 years. Some are asymptomatic, but up to 50% cause symptoms that warrant therapy. Symptoms include anaemia caused by heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, dysmenorrhoea, infertility and low quality of life. Surgery is the first choice of treatment. In recent years, medical therapies have been used before surgery to improve intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. However, such therapies tend to be expensive.Fibroid growth is stimulated by oestrogen...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134520/benchmarking-the-scientific-research-on-wastewater-energy-nexus-by-using-bibliometric-analysis
#6
Tianlong Zheng, Pengyu Li, Zhining Shi, Jianguo Liu
With an exponential increase in urbanization and industrialization, water pollution is an inevitable consequence of relatively lagging wastewater treatment facilities. The conventional activated sludge process for wastewater treatment primarily emphasizes the removal of harmful substances to maintain increasingly stringent effluent discharged standards, which is considered an energy-intensive technique. Therefore, innovative and sustainable wastewater treatment should pay more attention to energy and resource recovery in dealing with fossil fuel depletion, global-scale energy security, and climate change...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130375/dissertation-abstracts
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130126/bodies-in-genres-of-practice-johann-ulrich-bilguer-s-fight-to-reduce-field-amputations
#8
David R Gruber
This paper examines Johann Ulrich Bilguer's 1761 dissertation on the inutility of amputation practices, examining reasons for its influence despite its nonconformance to genre expectations. I argue that Bilguer's narratives of patient suffering, his rhetorical likening of surgeons to soldiers, and his attention to the horrific experiences of war surgeons all contribute to the dissertation's wide impact. Ultimately, the dissertation offers an example of affective rhetorics employed during the Enlightenment, demonstrating how bodies and environments-those "ambient rhetorics" made visible in a text-can contribute to an analysis of genre deviations and widen the scope of genre studies...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126988/morinda-officinalis-how-a-comprehensive-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology
#9
REVIEW
Jian-Hua Zhang, Hai-Liang Xin, Yue-Ming Xu, Yi Shen, Yu-Qiong He, Hsien-Yeh, Bing Lin, Hong-Tao Song, Juan-Liu, Hai-Yue Yang, Lu-Ping Qin, Qiao-Yan Zhang, Juan Du
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal plant Morinda officinalisHow. (MO) and its root have long been used in traditional medicines in China and northeast Asia as tonics for nourishing the kidney, strengthening the bone and enhancing immunofunction in the treatment of impotence, osteoporosis, depression and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and dermatitis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of MO and provide insights intopotential opportunities for future research and development of this plant...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114360/contributions-to-the-cytogenetics-of-the-neotropical-fish-fauna
#10
Luiz Antônio Carlos Bertollo, Marcelo de Bello Cioffi, Pedro Manoel Galetti Jr, Orlando Moreira Filho
Brazilian fish cytogenetics started as early as the seventies in three pioneering research groups, located at the Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP, Botucatu, SP), Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar, São Carlos, SP) and Universidade de São Paulo (USP, São Paulo, SP). Investigations that have been conducted in these groups led to the discovery of a huge chromosomal and genomic biodiversity among Neotropical fishes. Besides, they also provided the expansion of this research area, with the genesis of several other South American research groups, in view of a number of dissertations and doctoral theses developed over years...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112647/intrauterine-device-use-and-cervical-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Victoria K Cortessis, Malcolm Barrett, Niquelle Brown Wade, Temuulen Enebish, Judith L Perrigo, Jessica Tobin, Charlie Zhong, Jennifer Zink, Vanessa Isiaka, Laila I Muderspach, Melissa Natavio, Roberta McKean-Cowdin
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between use of an intrauterine device (IUD) and risk of cervical cancer by subjecting existing data to critical review, quantitative synthesis, and interpretation. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, and catalogs of scientific meetings and abstracts, theses, and dissertations queried from inception through July 2016. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Examination of abstracts from 225 reports identified 34 studies with individual-level measures of use of an IUD and incident cervical cancer...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105839/hemodialysis-in-neonates-and-infants-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Rupesh Raina, Prashanth Vijayaraghavan, Gaurav Kapur, Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Vinod Krishnappa, Deepak Kumar, Timothy E Bunchman, Shari D Bolen, Deepa Chand
Hemodialysis (HD) in neonates and infants poses unique challenges due to high risks of mortality attributable to obligatory small blood flow volumes. Although HD is often necessary in neonates, its effectiveness and feasibility are poorly understood. The aim of this review is to describe in detail the few studies reporting on HD in neonates and infants (<12 months old) and then dissertate more broadly on the subject with an emphasis on recent innovations with potential to overcome traditional barriers for effective HD in this population...
November 5, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098701/instruments-to-assess-patient-comfort-during-hospitalization-a-psychometric-review
#13
REVIEW
Sonia Lorente, Josep-Maria Losilla, Jaume Vives
AIM: To analyse the psychometric properties and the utility of instruments used to measure patient comfort, physical, social, psychospiritual and/or environmental, during hospitalization. BACKGROUND: There are no systematic reviews nor psychometric reviews of instruments used to measure comfort, which is considered an indicator of quality in health care associated with quicker discharges, increased patient satisfaction and better cost-benefit ratios for the institution...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096708/family-resilience-and-adaptive-coping-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#14
Sophia Saetes, Lisa Hynes, Brian E McGuire, Line Caes
BACKGROUND: This systematic review is the first step in a study investigating the resilience methods and processes in families of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. In particular, this review will focus on chronic or persistent pain, as a common symptom of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, which is the most common rheumatic disease in childhood. The experience of persistent pain can add to the functional disability associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Resilience has relevance to all areas of paediatric psychology, and targeted attention to child, sibling, and parent strengths within the context of paediatric chronic pain and juvenile idiopathic arthritis in particular will augment the field on numerous levels...
November 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083536/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Debra A Scrandis
INTRODUCTION: Women with bipolar disorder may benefit from continuation of their medications during pregnancy, but there may be risks to the fetus associated with some of these medications. This article examines the evidence relating to the effect of bipolar disorder and pharmacologic treatments for bipolar disorder on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for English-language studies published between 2000 and 2017, excluding case reports and integrative reviews...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076610/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-weight-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
K Carrière, B Khoury, M M Günak, B Knäuper
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies are investigating the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for weight loss and obesity-related eating behaviours. However, the results of past reviews are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify these inconsistencies, we conducted a comprehensive effect-size analysis to evaluate the efficacy of MBIs on weight loss and eating behaviours. DATA SOURCE: Data sources were identified through a systematic review of studies published in journals or as dissertations in PsychINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Medline and Scopus, ProQuest or OATD from the first available date to March 10, 2017...
October 27, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072024/-research-of-characteristics-of-stimulation-methods-and-application-of-acupoint-in-auricular-needle-therapy-based-on-data-mining
#17
Na Bao, Qiong Wang, Ye-Juan Jia, Ke Yang, Ling-Juan Kong, Yan-Hui Sun, Xiao-Feng Li, Jing Xu, Xuan-Ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-Zhu Du, Jun-Lei Li, Qing-Qing Yang, Xin-Xin Feng, Jing Shi, Chun-Sheng Jia, Jian-Ling Wang
In the present paper, using data mining technology,the authors downloaded information from databases on auricular needle therapy, and obtained data samples from journals and academic dissertations involving the application of auricular needle therapy to treat diseases, and then screened, audited, and extracted the data and performed a statistical analysis. The authors extracted data on the application of auricular needle therapy in the stimulation methods of medicine (needling instrument), selection of the side of ear to treat disease and the number of times the ear was pressed per day and the compression time...
August 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072006/-rule-of-clinical-application-of-auricular-acupuncture-based-on-data-mining
#18
Na Bao, Qiong Wang, Yan-Hui Sun, Jing Shi, Xiao-Feng Li, Jing Xu, Hai-Jiao Xing, Xuan-Ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-Zhu Du, Jun-Lei Li, Qing-Qing Yang, Xin-Xin Feng, Chun-Sheng Jia, Jian-Ling Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the rule of clinical application of auricular acupuncture therapy by data mining in order to guide clinical practice. METHODS: The data base about single auricular acupuncture therapy for different clinical diseases was established by collection, sorting, screening, recording, collation, data extraction, statistic analysis on data samples from journals, academic theses dissertations published in near 60 years. The application rules of auricular therapy including its predominant diseases, stimulus modality, therapeutic effect, and angle of needling were summarized by data mining technique...
February 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067563/using-a-novel-in-vitro-fontan-model-and-condition-specific-real-time-mri-data-to-examine-hemodynamic-effects-of-respiration-and-exercise
#19
Michael Tree, Zhenglun Alan Wei, Phillip M Trusty, Vrishank Raghav, Mark Fogel, Kevin Maher, Ajit Yoganathan
Several studies exist modeling the Fontan connection to understand its hemodynamic ties to patient outcomes (Chopski in: Experimental and Computational Assessment of Mechanical Circulatory Assistance of a Patient-Specific Fontan Vessel Configuration. Dissertation, 2013; Khiabani et al. in J Biomech 45:2376-2381, 2012; Taylor and Figueroa in Annu Rev Biomed 11:109-134, 2009; Vukicevic et al. in ASAIO J 59:253-260, 2013). The most patient-accurate of these studies include flexible, patient-specific total cavopulmonary connections...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066603/reminiscing-about-jan-evangelista-purkinje-a-pioneer-of-modern-experimental-physiology
#20
Icilio Cavero, Jean-Michel Guillon, Henry H Holzgrefe
This article reminisces about the life and key scientific achievements of Jan Evangelista Purkinje (1787-1869), a versatile 19th century Czech pioneer of modern experimental physiology. In 1804, after completing senior high school, Purkinje joined the Piarist monk order, but, after a 3-yr novitiate, he gave up the religious calling "to deal more freely with science." In 1818, he earned a Medical Doctor degree from Prague University by defending a dissertation on intraocular phenomena observed in oneself. In 1823, Purkinje became a Physiology and Pathology professor at the Prussian Medical University in Breslau, where he innovated the traditional teaching methods of physiology...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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