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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786501/strategies-to-increase-filipino-american-participation-in-cardiovascular-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#1
Jermy-Leigh B Domingo, Gretchenjan Gavero, Kathryn L Braun
INTRODUCTION: Cultural tailoring of interventions can be effective in reducing health disparities by attracting underserved populations to health promotion programs and improving their outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess what is known about increasing access to and participation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and control programs among Filipino Americans. METHODS: PubMed MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Sociologic Abstracts were searched for peer-reviewed studies and dissertations conducted in the United States from 2004 through 2016...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784867/patient-beliefs-and-attitudes-to-taking-statins-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#2
Angela Ju, Camilla S Hanson, Emily Banks, Rosemary Korda, Jonathan C Craig, Tim Usherwood, Peter MacDonald, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Statins are effective in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and are recommended for at-risk individuals but estimated adherence rates are low. AIM: To describe patients' perspectives, experiences, and attitudes towards taking statins. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of qualitative studies reporting perspectives of patients on statins. METHOD: PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, and PhD dissertations from inception to 6 October 2016 were searched for qualitative studies on adult patients' perspectives on statins...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775191/review-of-synthetic-approaches-toward-maoecrystal-v
#3
REVIEW
Brandon R Smith, Jon T Njardarson
Synthetic approaches toward the complex natural product diterpenoid maoecrystal V are reviewed, including successful total syntheses, published synthetic efforts, and efforts compiled from dissertations. The review focuses on general synthetic strategies and chronicles efforts toward the molecule since its isolation in 2004, summarizing key contributions of these efforts to the broader synthetic community.
May 18, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770960/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#4
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Kate M O'Brien, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, such as those focused on specific child-feeding strategies and parent nutrition education interventions in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762314/effectiveness-of-dexmedetomidine-versus-propofol-on-extubation-times-length-of-stay-and-mortality-rates-in-adult-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
John Nguyen, Noel Nacpil
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of dexmedetomidine versus propofol on extubation time, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, total hospital length of stay and in-hospital mortality rates in cardiac surgery patients. INTRODUCTION: Recovery from cardiovascular surgery involves weaning from mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation decreases the work of breathing for patients by inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide via a ventilator or breathing machine...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761867/airway-physical-examination-tests-for-detection-of-difficult-airway-management-in-apparently-normal-adult-patients
#6
REVIEW
Dominik Roth, Nathan L Pace, Anna Lee, Karen Hovhannisyan, Alexandra-Maria Warenits, Jasmin Arrich, Harald Herkner
BACKGROUND: The unanticipated difficult airway is a potentially life-threatening event during anaesthesia or acute conditions. An unsuccessfully managed upper airway is associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Several bedside screening tests are used in clinical practice to identify those at high risk of difficult airway. Their accuracy and benefit however, remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to characterize and compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Mallampati classification and other commonly used airway examination tests for assessing the physical status of the airway in adult patients with no apparent anatomical airway abnormalities...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746381/raising-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-monolingual-vs-bilingual-homes-a-scoping-review
#7
Michelle Wang, Thivia Jegathesan, Elizabeth Young, Joelene Huber, Ripudaman Minhas
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of children in Canada and the United States are raised in bilingual family homes. Current recommendations for typically developing children are to encourage and support bilingual exposure in the home; however, there are no specific guidelines for families of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), a disorder in which communication deficits are considered a hallmark feature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to present a scoping review of studies that compare cognitive, linguistic, and behavioral outcomes for children with ASDs raised in monolingual vs bilingual homes...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738847/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-applications-of-alpinia-oxyphylla-miquel-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Qiao Zhang, Yunliang Zheng, Xingjiang Hu, Xiaolong Hu, Wenwen Lv, Duo Lv, Jinjin Chen, Minglan Wu, Qichao Song, Jianzhong Shentu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL USAGES: Fructus Alpiniae oxyphyllae (A. oxyphylla) is an important medicinal plant that is used not only as an edible fruit, but also as an important traditional medicine for benefiting cognitive performance and alleviating a wide spectrum of diseases. Such as; warming kidney, securing essence and arresting polyuria, as well as warming the spleen and stopping diarrhea and saliva. AIMS: The purpose of this review is to provide updated, comprehensive and categorized information on the traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological research of A...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738059/treatment-of-postoperative-pain-and-non-pharmacologic-practices-in-nursing-systematic-review-results-of-turkish-doctoral-dissertation-in-2000-2015
#9
Fatma Ay
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to identify and summarize non-pharmacologic practices used by nurses to reduce or relieve postoperative pain and the effect of such practices on pain and to criticize current evidence. METHODS: Research data were acquired by searching in the "Turkish National Database of Dissertations" in January 02 to January 31, 2016. The research sample included 13 doctoral dissertations conducted in 2000-2015 in Turkey that meet the research criteria...
April 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737324/the-unwanted-third-wheel-in-the-calot-s-triangle-incidence-and-surgical-significance-of-caterpillar-hump-of-right-hepatic-artery-with-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
Luigi Marano, Alberto Bartoli, Karol Polom, Raffaele Bellochi, Alessandro Spaziani, Giampaolo Castagnoli
Background: Caterpillar hump of the right hepatic artery is a rare variation increasing the risk of vascular and biliary injuries during hepatobiliary surgery. The aim of this study is to record the cases of the right hepatic artery forming caterpillar hump in a cohort of patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to report a review of the literature systematically conducted. Methods: We reviewed clinical and surgical video data of 230 patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy between January 2016 and August 2017...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736075/a-pilot-study-of-md-psychiatry-theses-based-research
#11
Shrikant Srivastava, Vivek Agarwal, Alka Subramanyam, Mona Srivastava, T S Sathyanarayana Rao, G Prasad Rao, Hitesh Khurana, Archana Singh
Introduction: Undertaking a research project is mandatory for MD Psychiatry trainees. The present study was undertaken to assess the type of research activity being undertaken as part of MD Psychiatry dissertation, and its contribution to national and international literature. Materials and Methods: Three medical colleges supplied the data about the topic, names of the supervisor and the candidate, collaboration, funding accrued, and publication details of MD-based research carried out between years 2000 and 2010 inclusive; 95 records were collected for the final analysis...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732026/-cryptosporidium-spp-infection-in-iranian-children-and-immunosuppressive-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Narges Kalantari, Salman Ghaffari, Masomeh Bayani
Background: Cryptosporidiosis is an important cause of diarrhea in children and immunosuppressive patients. The current study was intended to evaluate the prevalence rate of Cryptosporidium infection and clarify the epidemiological characteristics of the infection in both children and immunosuppressive patients in Iran. Methods: Five English electronic databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Scopus and Cochrane, and two Persian language databases Magiran and Scientific Information Database were searched...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730132/a-billion-cups-the-diversity-traditional-uses-safety-issues-and-potential-of-chinese-herbal-teas
#13
REVIEW
Yao Fu, Jin-Chao Yang, Antony Balfour Cunningham, Alexandra Maria Towns, Yu Zhang, Hua-Ying Yang, Jian-Wen Li, Xue-Fei Yang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herbal teas have long been consumed by Chinese people for preventive and/or therapeutic healthcare. Although herbal teas are widely consumed by many cultural groups in different regions of China, no thorough review has been undertaken to assess the diversity of the country's herbal tea usage. This literature review, complemented by a quantitative survey in an important tea market in Kunming, begins to fill this knowledge gap. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The study aims to summarize the current knowledge of plant species used as herbal teas by different cultural groups in different regions of China, with a focus on the teas' perceived traditional healthcare functions, related phytochemical/pharmaceutical research, and safety issues...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722495/paul-bastenie-et-la-recherche-en-diab%C3%A3-tologie-%C3%A3-l%C3%A2-ulb
#14
W J Malaisse
The present chapter deals with the contribution of Professor Paul A. Bastenie, as Chief of the Department of Medicine of the Saint-Pierre Hospital and Director of the Laboratory of Experimental Medicine at Brussels Free University, in the field of diabetes with emphasis on the role of insulin in glucose homeostasis. The knowledge and experimental work under consideration is covering the period from 1955 to 1974. They entail not only three treatises contributed by Bastenie but also fundamental and clinical investigations, such as those presented in eight doctoral dissertations submitted for aggregation examination at Brussels Free University...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709006/facilitators-and-barriers-to-non-medical-prescribing-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#15
Emma Graham-Clarke, Alison Rushton, Timothy Noblet, John Marriott
INTRODUCTION: Non-medical prescribing has the potential to deliver innovative healthcare within limited finances. However, uptake has been slow, and a proportion of non-medical prescribers do not use the qualification. This systematic review aimed to describe the facilitators and barriers to non-medical prescribing in the United Kingdom. METHODS: The systematic review and thematic analysis included qualitative and mixed methods papers reporting facilitators and barriers to independent non-medical prescribing in the United Kingdom...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705449/of-dodo-birds-and-common-factors-a-scoping-review-of-direct-comparison-trials-in-adventure-therapy
#16
Will W Dobud, Nevin J Harper
BACKGROUND: Adventure therapy (AT) is a term that includes therapies such as wilderness therapy and adventure-based counseling. With growing empirical support for AT, the diversity of studies make it difficult to attribute outcomes to specific treatment factors. OBJECTIVES: Researchers explored whether AT, often perceived as an alternative therapy, works because of AT's unique components, or whether factors shared by all therapies were responsible. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken utilizing a search of major databases, unpublished dissertations, and a hand search for direct comparison trials matching AT with another therapeutic intervention...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699490/the-magnitude-of-antibiotic-resistance-to-helicobacter-pylori-in-africa-and-identified-mutations-which-confer-resistance-to-antibiotics-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Hyasinta Jaka, Jee Ah Rhee, Linda Östlundh, Luke Smart, Robert Peck, Andreas Mueller, Christa Kasang, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: Worldwide Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) treatment is of great challenge due to increased antibiotic resistance. The burden of H. pylori antibiotic resistance in Africa is high with unclear information regarding the real magnitude. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the magnitude of H.pylori antibiotic resistance in Africa to gain insight of the extent of the problem among H.pylori naïve treatment patients. METHOD: The search was performed in the academic databases, Embase, PubMed, Web of Science and Africa Wide Information...
April 24, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696627/subjective-and-psychological-well-being-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#18
F Vescovelli, D Sarti, C Ruini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to summarize studies investigating subjective and psychological well-being in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic and integrative review according to PRISMA criteria was performed with a literature search from inception up to September 2017 in multidisciplinary databases (PubMED, Scopus, Web of Knowledge) by combining together key words related to PD and well-being. Studies were included if: their full-text was available; they involved PD patients; focused on the selected positive dimensions; written in English...
April 25, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694285/real-world-health-care-costs-based-on-medication-adherence-and-risk-of-stroke-and-bleeding-in-patients-treated-with-novel-anticoagulant-therapy
#19
Chinmay G Deshpande, Stephen Kogut, Cynthia Willey
BACKGROUND: With the lack of real-world evidence, the challenge for drug reimbursement policy decision makers is to understand medication adherence behavior among users of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and its effect on overall cost savings. No study has examined and quantified the burden of cost in high-risk patients taking NOAC therapy. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of cost with adherence, comorbidity, and risk of stroke and bleeding in patients taking NOACs (rivaroxaban and dabigatran)...
May 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693459/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-systemic-corticosteroids-to-mitigate-relapse-in-children-assessed-and-treated-for-acute-asthma-a-network-meta-analysis
#20
Scott W Kirkland, Ben Vandermeer, Sandy Campbell, Cristina Villa-Roel, Amanda Newton, Francine M Ducharme, Brian H Rowe
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to explore the effectiveness of various systemic corticosteroid (SCS) regimens to mitigate relapse in children with asthma discharged from an acute care setting. DATA SOURCES: Medline, EMBASE, Global Health, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, EMB ALL, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Proquest Dissertations and Theses Global, and LILACS were searched using controlled vocabulary and key words. Additional citations were searched via clinical trial registries, Google Scholar, bibliographies, a SCOPUS forward search of a sentinel paper, and hand searching conference abstracts...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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