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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810921/the-role-of-whole-body-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-thoracic-injuries-in-severely-injured-patients-a-retrospective-multi-centre-study-based-on-the-trauma-registry-of-the-german-trauma-society-traumaregister-dgu-%C3%A2
#1
Patricia Lang, Martin Kulla, Fabian Kerwagen, Rolf Lefering, Benedikt Friemert, Hans-Georg Palm
BACKGROUND: Thoracic injuries are a leading cause of death in polytrauma patients. Early diagnosis and treatment are of paramount importance. Whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) has largely replaced traditional imaging techniques such as conventional radiographs and focused computed tomography (CT) as diagnostic tools in severely injured patients. It is still unclear whether WBCT has led to higher rates of diagnosis of thoracic injuries and thus to a change in outcomes. METHODS: In a retrospective study based on the trauma registry of the German Trauma Society (TraumaRegister DGU(®)), we analysed data from 16,545 patients who underwent treatment in 59 hospitals between 2002 and 2012 (ISS ≥ 9)...
August 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809636/-arthroscopic-finding-of-knee-joint-in-relation-to-age-and-its-comparison-with-pre-operative-clinical-finding-a-retrospective-study
#2
P Látal, K Šimeček, M Kloub
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In the retrospective study of two South Bohemian centres we present the comparison of pre-operative anamnestic clinical signs in relation to the arthroscopic intraoperative finding. The obtained data is used also to evaluate the arthroscopic finding in relation to age and sex. MATERIAL AND METHODS The arthroscopic findings of patients who underwent surgery in 2013-2014 period (1.1.2013-31.12.2014) at the Department of Trauma Surgery of České Budějovice Hospital, a.s. and in 2014 (1.1...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801837/blunt-injuries-related-to-equestrian-sports-results-from-an-international-prospective-trauma-database-analysis
#3
Christian D Weber, Anthony R Nguyen, Rolf Lefering, Martijn Hofman, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the nature, management, and outcome of major injuries related to equestrian sports and to define the at-risk groups for serious and life-threatening injuries. METHODS: We analyzed demographic, pre-hospital, clinical, and outcome data from an international population-based prospective trauma database (TraumaRegister DGU®). Patients with major injuries (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≥9 points) related to equestrian sports activities were included (January 1, 1993, to December 31, 2012)...
August 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782875/comparison-of-trauma-care-systems-in-asian-countries-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Se Jin Choi, Moon Young Oh, Na Rae Kim, Yoo Joong Jung, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to compare the trauma care systems in Asian countries. METHODS: Asian countries were categorised into three groups; 'lower middle-income country', 'upper middle-income country' and 'high-income country'. The Medline/PubMed database was searched for articles published from January 2005 to December 2014 using relevant key words. Articles were excluded if they examined a specific injury mechanism, referred to a specific age group, and/or did not have full text available...
August 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782745/application-of-single-port-video-assisted-thoracoscope-in-treating-thoracic-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-using-mckeown-approach
#5
Wenqiang Lv, Guiqing Zeng, Weibin Wu, Wuzhi Wei, Xiaodong Li, Wenke Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the feasibility of single-port video-assisted thoracoscope (SPVATS) in treating thoracic oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC) using McKeown approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally 10 McKeown approach-based SPVATS surgeries (8 males and 2 females, aged 42-68 years) were carried out from January 2015 to December 2015 to treat TESCC, including one case in upper thoracic segment, 5 cases in median thoracic segment and 4 cases in inferior thoracic segment...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780503/late-mortality-after-acute-hypoxic-respiratory-failure
#6
Hallie C Prescott, Michael W Sjoding, Kenneth M Langa, Theodore J Iwashyna, Daniel F McAuley
BACKGROUND: Acute hypoxic respiratory failure (AHRF) is associated with significant acute mortality. It is unclear whether later mortality is predominantly driven by pre-existing comorbid disease, the acute inciting event or is the result of AHRF itself. METHODS: Observational cohort study of elderly US Health and Retirement Study (HRS) participants in fee-for-service Medicare (1998-2012). Patients hospitalised with AHRF were matched 1:1 to otherwise similar adults who were not currently hospitalised and separately to patients hospitalised with acute inciting events (pneumonia, non-pulmonary infection, aspiration, trauma, pancreatitis) that may result in AHRF, here termed at-risk hospitalisations...
August 5, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768548/the-anticoagulated-trauma-patient-in-the-age-of-the-direct-oral-anticoagulants-a-canadian-perspective
#7
Brendan Wood, Barto Nascimento, Sandro Rizoli, Michelle Sholzberg, Amanda McFarlan, Andrea Phillips, Alun D Ackery
BACKGROUND: The anticoagulated trauma patient presents a particular challenge to the critical care physician. Our understanding of these patients is defined and extrapolated by experience with patients on warfarin pre-injury. Today, many patients who would have been on warfarin are now prescribed the Direct Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs) a class of anticoagulants with entirely different mechanisms of action, effects on routine coagulation assays and approach to reversal. METHODS: Trauma registry data from Toronto's (Ontario, Canada) two Level 1 trauma centres were used to identify patients on oral anticoagulation pre-injury from June 1, 2014 to June 1, 2015...
August 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756778/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-mortality-in-pre-hospital-tracheal-intubation-to-emergency-department-intubation-in-trauma-patients
#8
Espen Fevang, Zane Perkins, David Lockey, Elisabeth Jeppesen, Hans Morten Lossius
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital endotracheal intubation is frequently used for trauma patients in many emergency medical systems. Despite a wide range of publications in the field, it is debated whether the intervention is associated with a favourable outcome, when compared to more conservative airway measures. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify interventional and observational studies where the mortality rates of adult trauma patients undergoing pre-hospital endotracheal intubation were compared to those undergoing emergency department intubation...
July 31, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737073/bleeding-pelvic-fracture-patients-evolution-of-resuscitation-protocols
#9
T Söderlund, T Ketonen, L Handolin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Massive transfusion protocol seems to improve outcome in massively bleeding trauma patients, but not pelvic fracture patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of massive transfusion protocol on the mortality and fluid resuscitation of shocked pelvic fracture patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a trauma register study from a single hospital. From the trauma registry patients with pelvic fracture, injury severity score >15, admission base excess below -5, age >15 years, blunt trauma, and primary admission from the scene were identified...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721570/task-shifting-the-use-of-laypersons-for-acquisition-of-vital-signs-data-for-clinical-decision-making-in-the-emergency-room-following-traumatic-injury
#10
Bryce E Haac, Jared R Gallaher, Charles Mabedi, Andrew J Geyer, Anthony G Charles
IMPORTANCE: In resource-limited settings, identification of successful and sustainable task-shifting interventions is important for improving care. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the training of lay people to take vital signs as trauma clerks is an effective and sustainable method to increase availability of vital signs in the initial evaluation of trauma patients. DESIGN: We conducted a quasi-experimental study of patients presenting with traumatic injury pre- and post-intervention...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719604/research-questions-in-pre-hospital-trauma-care
#11
David J Lockey
Noting that a variety of pre-hospital interventions can now be applied to treat traumatic injury, David J Lockey calls for research to determine which of these actually improve survival and reduce morbidity.
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716784/protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study-to-improve-prehospital-notification-of-injured-patients-presenting-to-trauma-centres-in-india
#12
Biswadev Mitra, Joseph Mathew, Amit Gupta, Peter Cameron, Gerard O'Reilly, Kapil Dev Soni, Gaurav Kaushik, Teresa Howard, Madonna Fahey, Michael Stephenson, Vineet Kumar, Sharad Vyas, Satish Dharap, Pankaj Patel, Advait Thakor, Naveen Sharma, Tony Walker, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Russell Gruen, Mark Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital notification of injured patients enables prompt and timely care in hospital through adequate preparation of trauma teams, space, equipment and consumables necessary for resuscitation, and may improve outcomes. In India, anecdotal reports suggest that prehospital notification, in those few places where it occurs, is unstructured and not linked to a well-defined hospital response. The aim of this manuscript is to describe, in detail, a study protocol for the evaluation of a formalised approach to prehospital notification...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715361/trauma-systems-around-the-world-a-systematic-overview
#13
Suzan Dijkink, Charlie Nederpelt, Pieta Krijnen, George C Velmahos, Inger B Schipper
BACKGROUND: Implementation of trauma care systems has resulted in improved patient outcomes, but international differences obviously remain. Improvement of care can only be established if we recognize and clarify these differences. The aim of the current review is to provide an overview of the recent literature on the state of trauma systems globally. METHODS: The literature review over the period 2000-2016 was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. Pre-hospital care, acute hospital care and quality assurance were classified using the WHO Trauma System Maturity Index in four levels from I (least mature) to IV (most mature)...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715359/attempting-to-validate-the-over-under-triage-matrix-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#14
James W Davis, Rachel C Dirks, Lawrence P Sue, Krista L Kaups
BACKGROUND: The Optimal Resources Document (ORD) mandates trauma activation based on injury mechanism, physiologic and anatomic criteria and recommends using the over/undertriage matrix (Matrix) to evaluate the appropriateness of trauma team activation. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the Matrix method by comparing patients appropriately triaged with those undertriaged. We hypothesized that these two groups are different and Matrix does not discriminate the needs or outcomes of these different groups of patients...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710974/predictors-of-recovery-in-cyclists-hospitalised-for-orthopaedic-trauma-following-an-on-road-crash
#15
Ben Beck, Christina L Ekegren, Peter Cameron, Elton R Edwards, Andrew Bucknill, Rodney Judson, Richard Page, Raphael Hau, Mark Stevenson, Belinda J Gabbe
BACKGROUND: As cycling-related injury rates are on the rise, there is a need to understand the long term outcomes of these patients in order to quantify the burden of injury and to inform injury prevention strategies. This study aimed to investigate predictors of return to work and functional recovery in a cohort of cyclists hospitalised for orthopaedic trauma from crashes occurring on-road. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from the Victorian Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Registry (VOTOR) was conducted for patients who were hospitalised for orthopaedic trauma following a cycling crash that occurred on-road between July 2007 and June 2015...
July 12, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707131/posterior-locked-lateral-compression-injury-of-the-pelvis-in-geriatric-patients-an-infrequent-and-specific-variant-of-the-fragility-fracture-of-pelvis
#16
Se-Won Lee, Weon-Yoo Kim, Sung-Jun Koh, Young-Yul Kim
INTRODUCTION: Posterior locked lateral compression injury (PLLCI) of the pelvic ring is an infrequent variant of lateral compression injury, a condition described in only eight reported cases since 2000. Lateral compression injury usually results from high-energy trauma and is characterized by locking between the medially translated fractured ilium and the anterior border of the sacrum, regardless of whether the fractured ilium involves the sacroiliac joint. However, in our experience, lateral compression injury can also result from low-energy trauma as a manifestation of pelvic fragility fracture...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706106/detailed-assessment-of-benefits-and-risks-of-retrievable-inferior-vena-cava-filters-on-patients-with-complicated-injuries-the-da-vinci-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#17
Kwok M Ho, Sudhakar Rao, Stephen Honeybul, Rene Zellweger, Bradley Wibrow, Jeffrey Lipman, Anthony Holley, Alan Kop, Elizabeth Geelhoed, Tomas Corcoran
INTRODUCTION: Retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filters have been increasingly used in patients with major trauma who have contraindications to anticoagulant prophylaxis as a primary prophylactic measure against venous thromboembolism (VTE). The benefits, risks and cost-effectiveness of such strategy are uncertain. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Patients with major trauma, defined by an estimated Injury Severity Score >15, who have contraindications to anticoagulant VTE prophylaxis within 72 hours of hospitalisation to the study centre will be eligible for this randomised multicentre controlled trial...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701204/criteria-and-models-for-the-distribution-of-casualties-in-trauma-related-mass-casualty-incidents-a-systematic-literature-review-protocol
#18
Ali Ardalan, Mohammad Reza Khajehaminian, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini Boroujeni, Amir Nejati, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Omid Mahdi Ebadati E
BACKGROUND: One of the most critical practices in mass casualty incident management is vacating the victims from scene of the incident and transporting them to proper healthcare facilities. Decision on distribution of casualties needs to be taken on pre-developed policies and structured decision support mechanisms. While many studies tried to present models for the distribution of casualties, no systematic review has yet been conducted to evaluate the existing models on casualty distribution following mass casualty incidents...
July 12, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693491/hypoxia-and-hypotension-in-patients-intubated-by-physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-a-prospective-observational-multi-centre-study
#19
Geir Arne Sunde, Mårten Sandberg, Richard Lyon, Knut Fredriksen, Brian Burns, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Jo Røislien, Akos Soti, Helena Jäntti, David Lockey, Jon-Kenneth Heltne, Stephen J M Sollid
BACKGROUND: The effective treatment of airway compromise in trauma and non-trauma patients is important. Hypoxia and hypotension are predictors of negative patient outcomes and increased mortality, and may be important quality indicators of care provided by emergency medical services. Excluding cardiac arrests, critical trauma and non-trauma patients remain the two major groups to which helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are dispatched. Several studies describe the impact of pre-hospital hypoxia or hypotension on trauma patients, but few studies compare this in trauma and non-trauma patients...
July 11, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689194/risk-factors-and-outcomes-associated-with-post-traumatic-headache-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Tansel Yilmaz, Gerwin Roks, Myrthe de Koning, Myrthe Scheenen, Harm van der Horn, Gerben Plas, Gerard Hageman, Guus Schoonman, Jacoba Spikman, Joukje van der Naalt
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and potential risk factors of acute and chronic post-traumatic headache (PTH) in patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a prospective longitudinal observational multicentre study. Acute PTH (aPTH) is defined by new or worsening of pre-existing headache occurring within 7 days after trauma, whereas chronic PTH (cPTH) is defined as persisting aPTH >3 months after trauma. An additional goal was to study the impact of aPTH and cPTH in terms of return to work (RTW), anxiety and depression...
July 8, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
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