keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pre hospital trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161399/global-lessons-developing-military-trauma-care-and-lessons-for-civilian-practice
#1
T Woolley, J A Round, M Ingram
The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have helped to shape the modern Defence Medical Services. Many lessons were learnt including the need for rapid haemorrhage control, senior decision-making and the evolution of deployed transfusion support. These changes were implemented simultaneously with a coherent, end-to-end medical plan from point of wounding through to rehabilitation. Implementation of the medical plan is harmonious with the NHS trauma pathway, and is key to ensuring effective delivery. Military anaesthetists have a long pre-deployment training pathway starting with a Certificate of Completion of Training (CCT) in anaesthesia and/or critical care, and with an emphasis on military skills related to their specific role...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155270/efficient-hemorrhage-control-skills-training-for-healthcare-employees
#2
Richard A Sidwell, Sarah K Spilman, Richard S Huntsman, Carlos A Pelaez
BACKGROUND: Several national initiatives are aimed at training citizens to assist bleeding victims. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an effort to quickly and efficiently teach basic bleeding control techniques to a clinical and nonclinical workforce. STUDY DESIGN: The research study was conducted at four hospitals in a mid-sized metropolitan area. In spring 2017, the trauma department at a Level 1 trauma center set an ambitious goal to provide hands-on training to 1000 employees over the course of 6 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155232/refusal-of-cervical-spine-immobilization-after-blunt-trauma-implications-for-initial-evaluation-and-management-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
James M Tatum, Navpreet K Dhillon, Ara Ko, Eric J T Smith, Nicolas Melo, Galinos Barmparas, Eric J Ley
INTRODUCTION: Rigid cervical collars are routinely placed in the pre-hospital setting after significant blunt trauma. Patients who are deemed competent by field personnel (Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) ≥13, no major distracting injury and not grossly intoxicated) may refuse cervical collar placement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all adult trauma patients presenting to a Level 1 trauma center after blunt trauma with a GCS≥13 and no distracting injury or gross intoxication from January 2014 to December 2014...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147897/vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-with-mesh-mediated-fascial-traction-achieves-better-outcomes-than-vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-alone-a-comparative-study
#4
Giuseppe Salamone, Leo Licari, Giovanni Guercio, Albert Comelli, Mirko Mangiapane, Nicolò Falco, Roberta Tutino, Noemi Bagarella, Sofia Campanella, Calogero Porrello, Roberto Gullo, Gianfranco Cocorullo, Gaspare Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Open abdomen (OA) permits the application of damage control surgery principles when abdominal trauma, sepsis, severe acute peritonitis and abdominal compartmental syndrome (ACS) occur. METHODS: Non-traumatic patients treated with OA between January 2010 and December 2015 were identified in a prospective database, and the data collected were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' records were collected from charts and the surgical and intensive care unit (ICU) registries...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126602/the-potential-of-blended-learning-in-education-and-training-for-advanced-civilian-and-military-trauma-care
#5
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
INTRODUCTION: In the field of advanced care of the complex trauma patient, there is an emerging need for focused education and training. However, several hospitals do not support further education and training in this field, and the challenge of releasing time for physicians and nurses is well-known. Educational strategies using blended learning, which combines traditional classroom methods with modern computer-assisted methods and media, have not yet been widely used. This study analysed the educational challenges and areas for improvement, according to senior physicians and nurses, and investigated the potential use of blended learning...
November 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119562/validating-performance-of-triss-tarn-and-normit-survival-prediction-models-in-a-norwegian-trauma-population
#6
N O Skaga, T Eken, S Søvik
INTRODUCTION: Anatomic injury, physiological derangement, age, injury mechanism and pre-injury comorbidity are well-founded predictors of trauma outcome. Statistical prediction models may have poorer discrimination, calibration and accuracy when applied in new locations. We aimed to compare the TRISS, TARN and NORMIT survival prediction models in a Norwegian trauma population. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted to Oslo University Hospital Ullevål within 24 h after injury, with Injury Severity Score ≥ 10, proximal penetrating injuries, or received by trauma team, were studied...
November 8, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118676/host-responses-to-concurrent-combined-injuries-in-non-human-primates
#7
Matthew J Bradley, Diego A Vicente, Benjamin A Bograd, Erin M Sanders, Crystal L Leonhardt, Eric A Elster, Thomas A Davis
Background: Multi-organ failure (MOF) following trauma remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality related to a poorly understood abnormal inflammatory response. We characterized the inflammatory response in a non-human primate soft tissue injury and closed abdomen hemorrhage and sepsis model developed to assess realistic injury patterns and induce MOF. Methods: Adult male Mauritan Cynomolgus Macaques underwent laparoscopy to create a cecal perforation and non-anatomic liver resection along with a full-thickness flank soft tissue injury...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117053/an-outcome-analysis-of-nurse-practitioners-in-acute-care-trauma-services
#8
Anna Holliday, Damayanti Samanta, Julie Budinger, Jessica Hardway, Audis Bethea
The department of trauma at a Level 1 trauma center sought to improve outcomes by enhancing the continuity of care for patients admitted to trauma services. Departmental leadership explored opportunities to improve this aspect of patient care through expansion of existing trauma nurse practitioner (NP) services. The restructured trauma NP service model was implemented in September 2013. A retrospective study was conducted with patients who presented at the trauma center between September 2012 and August 2015...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111502/a-simple-clinical-score-for-prediction-of-nonepileptic-seizures
#9
Sindhu R Rao, Jeremy D Slater, Giridhar P Kalamangalam
Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), often mistaken for epilepsy in community practice, require inpatient video-EEG (VEEG) monitoring for diagnostic confirmation. We developed a simple score designed for use in an outpatient setting to predict the subsequent VEEG diagnosis of PNES. We retrospectively compared fifty-five consecutive patients with VEEG-proven PNES (N1=55) with a group of randomly selected patients with VEEG-proven epilepsy (N2=55). Patients were divided into two groups: I) a 'truly retrospective' group of 27 patients with PNES and 27 patients with epilepsy whose data served to develop the score, and II) a 'pseudoprospective' group of 28 patients each with PNES and epilepsy to whom the score was applied...
October 27, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102095/resource-utilization-after-snakebite-severity-score-implementation%C3%A2-into-treatment-algorithm-of-crotaline-bite
#10
Amanda L Fowler, Darrel W Hughes, Mark T Muir, Elizabeth M VanWert, Conrado D Gamboa, John G Myers
BACKGROUND: Crotaline envenomation clinical manifestations vary considerably among patients. Current recommendations for treatment with Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab require assessment of envenomation control. Determining control of envenomation, particularly when patients are evaluated by different providers in separate clinical settings, can be difficult. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a difference in total vials of Crotalidae antivenin therapy exists between pre-protocol and post-Snakebite Severity Score (SSS) protocol...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101416/changes-in-trauma-management-following-the-implementation-of-the-whole-body-computed-tomography-a-retrospective-multi-centre-study-based-on-the-trauma-registry-of-the-german-trauma-society-traumaregister-dgu-%C3%A2
#11
H-G Palm, M Kulla, M Wettberg, R Lefering, B Friemert, P Lang
OBJECTIVES: Whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) plays an increasingly important role in the diagnostic assessment of trauma room patients. It is still unclear whether its use has led to changes of trauma room procedures and patient outcomes. METHODS: In a retrospective multi-centric study based on the trauma registry of the German Trauma Society (TraumaRegister DGU(®)), we analysed patients with an ISS ≥ 9 between 2002 and 2013. Two periods of time, i.e...
November 3, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100874/can-preoperative-nasal-cultures-of-staphylococcus-aureus-predict-infectious-complications-or-outcomes-following-repair-of-fracture-nonunion
#12
David P Taormina, Sanjit R Konda, Frank A Liporace, Kenneth A Egol
INTRODUCTION: Much has been studied with reference to methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) colonization and associated outcomes and comorbidities. In the area of Orthopedic surgery, literature predominantly comes from the field of arthroplasty. Little is known about outcomes of fracture and Orthopedic trauma patients in the setting of S. aureus colonization. We believe that MRSA/MSSA colonization in and of itself may be a weak marker for generally poor protoplasm, potentially with complex medical history including previous hospitalization or rehab placement...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100197/using-simulated-family-presence-to-decrease-agitation-in-older-hospitalized-delirious-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Christine M Waszynski, Kerry A Milner, Ilene Staff, Sheila L Molony
BACKGROUND: Simulated family presence has been shown to be an effective nonpharmacological intervention to reduce agitation in persons with dementia in nursing homes. Hyperactive or mixed delirium is a common and serious complication experienced by hospitalized patients, a key feature of which is agitation. Effective nonpharmacological interventions to manage delirium are needed. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of simulated family presence through pre-recorded video messages on the agitation level of hospitalized, delirious, acutely agitated patients...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081069/different-methods-and-settings-for-glucose-monitoring-for-gestational-diabetes-during-pregnancy
#14
REVIEW
Puvaneswary Raman, Emily Shepherd, Therese Dowswell, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. Blood glucose monitoring plays a crucial part in maintaining glycaemic control in women with GDM and is generally recommended by healthcare professionals. There are several different methods for monitoring blood glucose which can be carried out in different settings (e.g. at home versus in hospital). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to compare the effects of different methods and settings for glucose monitoring for women with GDM on maternal and fetal, neonatal, child and adult outcomes, and use and costs of health care...
October 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079917/permissive-hypotensive-resuscitation-in-adult-patients-with-traumatic-haemorrhagic-shock-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Mohammed Albreiki, David Voegeli
BACKGROUND: Permissive hypotensive resuscitation (PHR) is an advancing concept aiming towards deliberative balanced resuscitation whilst treating severely injured patients, and its effectiveness on the survival rate remains unexplored. This detailed systematic review aims to critically evaluate the available literature that investigates the effects of PHR on survival rate. METHODS: A systematic review design searched for comparative and non-comparative studies using EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed, Web-of-Science and CENTRAL...
October 27, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078902/admission-of-elderly-blunt-thoracic-trauma-patients-directly-to-the-intensive-care-unit-improves-outcomes
#16
Owen J Pyke, Jerry A Rubano, James A Vosswinkel, Jane E McCormack, Emily C Huang, Randeep S Jawa
INTRODUCTION: Blunt thoracic trauma in the elderly has been associated with adverse outcomes. As an internal quality improvement initiative, direct intensive care unit (ICU) admission of nonmechanically ventilated elderly patients with clinically important thoracic trauma (primarily multiple rib fractures) was recommended. METHODS: A retrospective review of the trauma registry at a level 1 trauma center was performed for patients aged ≥65 y with blunt thoracic trauma, admitted between the 2 y before (2010-2012) and after (2013-2015) the recommendation...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071424/impact-of-trauma-system-structure-on-injury-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Lynne Moore, Howard Champion, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Brice-Lionel Kuimi, Gerard O'Reilly, Ari Leppaniemi, Peter Cameron, Cameron S Palmer, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Belinda Gabbe, Christine Gaarder, Natalie Yanchar, Henry Thomas Stelfox, Raul Coimbra, John Kortbeek, Vanessa K Noonan, Amy Gunning, Malcolm Gordon, Monty Khajanchi, Teegwendé V Porgo, Alexis F Turgeon, Luke Leenen
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of trauma systems in decreasing injury mortality and morbidity has been well demonstrated. However, little is known about which components contribute to their effectiveness. We aimed to systematically review the evidence of the impact of trauma system components on clinically important injury outcomes. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, and BIOSIS/Web of Knowledge, gray literature and trauma association Web sites to identify studies evaluating the association between at least one trauma system component and injury outcome...
October 25, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067785/pre-hospital-transfusion-of-red-blood-cells-in-civilian-trauma-patients
#18
M Rehn, A E Weaver, S Eshelby, J Røislien, D J Lockey
INTRODUCTION: The current management of severely injured patients includes damage control resuscitation strategies that minimise the use of crystalloids and emphasise earlier transfusion of red blood cells (RBC) to prevent coagulopathy. In 2012, London's air ambulance (LAA) became the first UK civilian pre-hospital service to routinely carry RBC to the trauma scene. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pre-hospital RBC transfusion (phRTx) on overall blood product consumption...
October 24, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067101/comparison-of-the-effects-of-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-pedicle-screws-osteosynthesis-and-open-surgery-on-repairing-the-pain-inflammation-and-recovery-of-thoracolumbar-vertebra-fracture
#19
Yahui Gong, Guangmin Fu, Bo Li, Yinan Li, Xiaoning Yang
We compared the clinical effects of minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screws osteosynthesis (MIPPSO) and open surgery on the repair of thoracolumbar vertebra fracture. Seventy patients, who suffered from thoracolumbar vertebra fracture and received treatment at our hospital, were selected and randomly divided into either the minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screws osteosynthesis group (MIPPSO group) and the traditional open pedicle screws osteosynthesis group (TOPSO group) with 35 cases in each group...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062345/distraction-related-road-traffic-collisions
#20
Hani O Eid, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to prospectively study distraction-related road traffic collision injuries, their contributory factors, severity, and outcome. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected on all hospitalized road traffic collision trauma patients in Al-Ain City who were drivers at the collision time over one and half years. Driver's inattentive behaviors preceding the collision were collected by interviewing the admitted drivers. RESULTS: There were 444 drivers, 330 of them were fully oriented patients, out of them only 44 (13%) were distracted...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
keyword
keyword
101059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"