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Prabhas Prasun Giri, Swapan Roy, Sukanta Bhattyacharya, Priyankar Pal, Sandipan Dhar
Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome reflects a serious hypersensitivity reaction to drugs, and is characterized by skin rash, fever, lymph node enlargement, and internal organ involvement. So far, numerous drugs such as sulfonamides, phenobarbital, sulfasalazine, carbamazepine, and phenytoin have been reported to cause DRESS syndrome. We report a case of a 10-year-old girl who developed clinical manifestations of fever, rash, lymphadenopathy, hypereosinophilia, and visceral involvement (hepatitis and pneumonitis) after taking phenobarbital for seizures, with subsequent development of sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and spontaneous air leak syndrome (pnemothorax and pneumomediastinum)...
November 2011: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Chiara Adami, Shannon Axiak, Ulrich Rytz, Claudia Spadavecchia
INTRODUCTION: This case report describes the anaesthetic management of exploratory thoracoscopy and alternating one lung ventilation (OLV) in a dog with a pulmonary bulla, and the application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to the non-ventilated lung for preventing and treating hypoxia. CASE HISTORY: A 6-year-old, male castrated Border collie was scheduled for exploratory thoracoscopy to investigate spontaneous pnemothorax that had not resolved with repeated suction...
January 2011: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Thomas D Ruder, Thomas Ketterer, Ulrich Preiss, Michael Bolliger, Steffen Ross, Walther F Gotsmy, Garyfalia Ampanozi, Tanja Germerott, Michael J Thali, Gary M Hatch
We present a case of an individual who stabbed himself through the heart with a large knife. Post mortem computed tomography (CT) and CT-angiography were used to assess the stab channel and to reconstruct the sequence of events. After penetrating injuries to the chest, both the intra-thoracic organs and the injury causing instrument may shift (e.g. from pnemothorax) and render forensic reconstructions more challenging. This case report illustrates the potentials and the pitfalls of CT for the reconstruction of penetrating injures to the chest...
March 2011: Legal Medicine
Douglas R Hamilton, Ashot E Sargsyan, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Savvas Nicolaou, Mark Campbell, David L Dawson, Shannon L Melton, George Beck, Terry Guess, Jack Rasbury, Scott A Dulchavsky
INTRODUCTION: An intrathoracic injury may be disastrous to a crew-member aboard the International Space Station (ISS) if the diagnosis is missed or delayed. Symptomatic or clinically suspicious thoracic trauma is treated as a surgical emergency on Earth, usually with immediate stabilization and rapid transport to a facility that is able to deliver the appropriate medical care. A similar approach is planned for the ISS; however, an unnecessary evacuation would cause a significant mission impact and an exorbitant expense...
March 2004: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Zekeriya Ilçe, Gökhan Gündogdu, Cem Kara, Barboros Ilikkan, Sinan Celayir
This study was conducted to evaluate the morbidity and mortality among the newborns hospitalized for pneumothorax. The data of 83 cases were analysed retrospectively according to gestational age, weight, underlying primary lung pathology, age of admittance, side of pneumothorax, drainage time, need for mechanical ventilation and mortality. Male: Female ratio was 1.6:1. Mean duration of admission was 63.8 hours (2 hours-20 days). 51 patients (61.4%) weighed les than 2500g and 41 patients (49.4%) were preterms...
April 2003: Indian Pediatrics
G Cortese, P Nespoli, B Grosso, B Messore, V De Rose, C Fava
PURPOSE: Verify the real usefulness of chest X-ray during clinical exacerbation of cystic fibrosis (FC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was based on a group of 46 adult patients affected by FC. For every subject we selected one or more pair of chest films, of which the first was used as reference image (To), whereas the second (T1) was selected among the following controls, either in course of clinical obvious exacerbation, or during another routine control. The 64 pairs of chest films (32 representing phases of clinical stability, 32 documenting evolution towards clinical deterioration) were subjected to evaluation by two radiologists, who were first asked to judge if stability, improvement or worsening of the overall radiographic picture could be observed; then to estimate the improvement, worsening, stability or absence of the 12 radiographic signs, selected among those more frequently correlating with the acute phase of disease...
June 2001: La Radiologia Medica
G Shapiro, D W Green, N S Fatica, O Boachie-Adjei
Several medical complications can occur after scoliosis surgery in children and adolescents. They include the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone; pancreatitis; cholelithiasis; superior mesenteric artery syndrome; ileus; pnemothorax; hemothorax; chylothorax; and fat embolism. This review focuses on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the various conditions that occur after correction of spinal deformity. Attention is given to recent literature specifically related to scoliosis surgery...
February 2001: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
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