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Home ventilation in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212474/-zinc-phosphide-poisoning-in-pediatric-patients-from-a-toxicology-center-at-mexico-city
#1
María Carmen Socorro Sánchez-Villegas, Alejandro Bárcena-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Zinc phosphide is a chemical compound that is frequently used as a rodenticide; it is a highly toxic product that is widely used, among other spaces, at home. Given that it is a highly commercialized pesticide and that there is no antidote, it is mandatory to establish favorably the clinical manifestations of the intoxication. The aim was to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of children intoxicated with zinc phosphide attended in a toxicological center of a tertiary referral hospital...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210835/a-10-year-review-of-cannabis-exposure-in-children-under-3-years-of-age-do-we-need-a-more-global-approach
#2
Isabelle Claudet, Mathilde Le Breton, Camille Bréhin, Nicolas Franchitto
: Pediatricians working in an emergency environment are confronted with children admitted to emergency departments for intoxication on a daily basis. We carried out a retrospective cohort study of children admitted to a pediatric emergency department due to unintentional cannabis exposure over a 10-year period from 2004 to 2014. Twenty-nine children under the age of 3 were admitted with a positive cannabis urine test. Eighty-seven percent of intoxications occurred at the family home. Resin was the main form of ingested cannabis (69%)...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135759/regional-paediatric-palliative-care-model-improves-the-quality-of-life-of-children-on-long-term-ventilation-at-home
#3
F Rusalen, C Agosto, L Brugnaro, F Benini
In the last 20 years, the prevalence of children on domiciliary long-term ventilation (LTV) has increased in many countries and in Italy it is now 4.3/100,000 (1). The complex management of these patients' conditions requires highly specialised expertise that is provided by integrated multi-disciplinary teams and calls for solutions from a number of institutional agencies (2). The global care offered to these patients by paediatric palliative care (PPC) also embraces their social needs (3-4). This article is protected by copyright...
January 30, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124966/-a-case-of-bronchiolitis-obliterans-secondary-to-human-metapneumovirus-bronchiolitis
#4
Osman Yeşilbaş, Esra Şevketoğlu, Hasan Serdar Kıhtır, Mey Talip Petmezci, Elif Bato, Seda Balkaya, Nevin Hatipoğlu, Mert Ahmet Kuşkucu, Figen Palabıyık, Erkan Çakır
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV), formerly classified in Paramyxoviridae family is now moved into Pneumoviridae, which was described as a novel family. It causes upper and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) usually in children younger than five years old. The recent epidemiological studies indicated that hMPV is the second most frequently detected virus in LRTIs of young children, following the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a chronic obstructive lung disease characterized by fibrosis of the distal respiratory airways...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005689/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-hospitalized-children-with-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections
#5
Balagangadhar R Totapally
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology and outcome of hospitalized children with a diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs). METHODS: Demographic and outcome data of children 1 month to 18 years of age with a diagnosis of NSTI (ICD-9 diagnosis codes 728.86 and 729.4) were extracted from the Kids' Inpatient Database 2009 and 2012. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to determine the factors affecting the mortality...
December 21, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958617/results-of-the-fontan-operation-with-no-early-mortality-in-248-consecutive-patients
#6
Edward Malec, Christoph Schmidt, Anja Lehner, Katarzyna Januszewska
BACKGROUND: Fontan operation has undergone several modifications and today is the primary way to treat a broad spectrum of congenital heart defects AIM: The purpose of this study is to present the results of treatment of children with a single ventricle operated by the same surgical team and managed according to a uniform strategy. METHODS: In the years 2007-2015, in 248 children aged 3.7 ± 2.6 years and weigh of 14.6 ± 6.1 kg with a single ventricle the Fontan surgery was performed...
December 13, 2016: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899532/long-term-management-for-ventilator-assisted-children-in-hong-kong-2-decades-experience
#7
Shuk-Kuen Chau, Ada Wing-Yan Yung, So-Lun Lee
BACKGROUND: The population of children receiving long-term mechanical ventilation is growing worldwide, but only limited data exist in Asian regions. The objective of the study was to review the management of these children in Hong Kong over the past 2 decades. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. Hospital records from subjects receiving mechanical ventilation for >3 months were retrieved. Demographic characteristics and medical information of subjects (≤21 y old) under the care of the ventilator program at the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital between 1997 and 2015 were reviewed...
January 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875554/incidence-and-determinants-of-ventilation-tubes-in-denmark
#8
Tine Marie Pedersen, Anna-Rosa Cecilie Mora-Jensen, Johannes Waage, Hans Bisgaard, Jakob Stokholm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many children are treated for recurrent acute otitis media and middle ear effusion with ventilation tubes (VT). The objectives are to describe the incidence of VT in Denmark during 1997-2011 from national register data, furthermore, to analyze the determinants for VT in the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood2010 (COPSAC2010) birth cohort. METHODS: The incidence of VT in all children under 16 years from 1997-2011 were calculated in the Danish national registries...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801708/pediatric-critical-care-transport-as-a-conduit-to-terminal-extubation-at-home-a-case-series
#9
Corina Noje, Meghan L Bernier, Philomena M Costabile, Bruce L Klein, Sapna R Kudchadkar
OBJECTIVES: To present our single-center's experience with three palliative critical care transports home from the PICU for terminal extubation. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients transported between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014. SETTING: All cases were identified from our institutional pediatric transport database. PATIENTS: Patients were terminally ill children unable to separate from mechanical ventilation in the PICU, who were transported home for terminal extubation and end-of-life care according to their families' wishes...
January 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712049/thirteen-years-of-invasive-and-noninvasive-home-ventilation-for-children-in-a-developing-country-a-retrospective-study
#10
Anna Marie Nathan, Hui Yan Loo, Jessie Anne de Bruyne, Kah Peng Eg, Sze Ying Kee, Surendran Thavagnanam, Marilyn Bouniu, Jiat Earn Wong, Chin Seng Gan, Lucy Chai See Lum
INTRODUCTION: Home ventilation (HV) for children is growing rapidly worldwide. The aim was to describe (1) the sociodemographic characteristics of children on HV and (2) the indications for, means and outcome of initiating HV in children from a developing country. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective study included patients sent home on noninvasive or invasive ventilation, over 13 years, by the pediatric respiratory unit in a single center. Children who declined treatment were excluded...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683261/risk-factors-for-overnight-respiratory-events-following-sedation-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-children-with-sleep-apnea
#11
Margaret J Trost, Melissa Cowell, Jennifer Cannon, Kendra Mitchell, Kevin Waloff, Humberto Avila, Sanjay Chand, Christopher J Russell
PURPOSE: Children with sleep apnea may be at increased risk for overnight respiratory events (ORE) following anesthesia. We sought to identify ORE risk factors in sleep apnea patients sedated for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: One thousand four hundred seven hospitalizations for children with sleep apnea (by ICD-9 code) occurred at our institution from 5/1/2011 to 2/1/2015. One hundred twenty-seven (9 %) encounters were solely for post-MRI observation representing 96 unique patients...
September 28, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27615587/inspired-by-children
#12
(no author information available yet)
What is your job? I act as an expert resource, supporting acute and community teams to provide safe and timely transition home for children on long-term ventilation (LTV) across London and the south east region. I provide parental and professional education and training, and take part in patient involvement projects, for example to ensure feedback is responded to. As a WellChild nurse I link into the established WellChild nurses' national network, which helps me seek support, share ideas and experiences with other nurses, contribute to research and undertake study days...
September 12, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585203/hybrid-interventional-treatment-of-iatrogenic-innominate-artery-aneurysm-in-a-child
#13
Konrad Paczkowski, Ireneusz Haponiuk, Maciej Chojnicki, Grażyna Brzezińska-Rajszys
An iatrogenic aneurysm of an innominate artery is an extremely rare complication, especially in children. Nevertheless, this pathology was diagnosed in a child given palliative care with chronic respiratory insufficiency and a history of encephalitis requiring permanent ventilation at home via a tracheal tube.A nine-year-old girl with colitis ulcerosa and a history of hemorrhagic encephalitis, with chronic home ventilation therapy, was admitted in an emergency setting because of massive bleeding from the upper respiratory tract and the area surrounding the tracheotomy...
August 23, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550159/parental-hopes-interventions-and-survival-of-neonates-with-trisomy-13-and-trisomy-18
#14
Annie Janvier, Barbara Farlow, Keith J Barrington
Trisomy 13 and 18 are life-limiting conditions for which a palliative approach is frequently recommended. The objective of this study was to examine parental goals/decisions, the length of life of their child and factors associated with survival. Parents of children who lived with trisomy 13 or 18 that were part of English-speaking social networks were invited to participate in a questionnaire study. Participants answered questions about their hopes/goals, decisions regarding neonatal interventions, and the duration of their children's lives...
September 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538680/identification-of-fail-points-for-discharging-pediatric-patients-with-new-tracheostomy-and-ventilator
#15
Sarah A Sobotka, Lindsey P Hird-McCorry, Denise M Goodman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The core mission of the Pulmonary Habilitation Program is to train and prepare caregivers for the care of a ventilated child in the home. It exists within a free-standing children's hospital. The program is supported by a multidisciplinary staff and serves ∼100 children. Through standardizing electronic documentation with process-specific tracking for the discharge process, the Pulmonary Habilitation Program team sought to identify intervention opportunities for more efficient and effective discharges...
September 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527203/sri-lanka-pilot-study-to-examine-respiratory-health-effects-and-personal-pm2-5-exposures-from-cooking-indoors
#16
Michael J Phillips, Emily A Smith, Paul L Mosquin, Ryan Chartier, Sumal Nandasena, Katherine Bronstein, Myles F Elledge, Vanessa Thornburg, Jonathan Thornburg, Linda M Brown
A pilot study of indoor air pollution produced by biomass cookstoves was conducted in 53 homes in Sri Lanka to assess respiratory conditions associated with stove type ("Anagi" or "Traditional"), kitchen characteristics (e.g., presence of a chimney in the home, indoor cooking area), and concentrations of personal and indoor particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5). Each primary cook reported respiratory conditions for herself (cough, phlegm, wheeze, or asthma) and for children (wheeze or asthma) living in her household...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490066/ventilation-indoor-air-quality-and-health-in-homes-undergoing-weatherization
#17
P W Francisco, D E Jacobs, L Targos, S L Dixon, J Breysse, W Rose, S Cali
Ventilation standards, health, and indoor air quality have not been adequately examined for residential weatherization. This randomized trial showed how ASHRAE 62-1989 (n=39 houses) and ASHRAE 62.2-2010 (n=42 houses) influenced ventilation rates, moisture balance, indoor air quality, and self-reported physical and mental health outcomes. Average total airflow was nearly twice as high for ASHRAE 62.2-2010 (79 vs. 39 cfm). Volatile organic compounds, formaldehyde and carbon dioxide were all significantly reduced for the newer standard and first-floor radon was marginally lower, but for the older standard, only formaldehyde significantly decreased...
October 6, 2016: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479712/household-indoor-air-quality-and-its-associations-with-childhood-asthma-in-shanghai-china-on-site-inspected-methods-and-preliminary-results
#18
Chen Huang, Xueying Wang, Wei Liu, Jiao Cai, Li Shen, Zhijun Zou, Rongchun Lu, Jing Chang, Xiaoyang Wei, Chanjuan Sun, Zhuohui Zhao, Yuexia Sun, Jan Sundell
Few studies were conducted for associations of home environment with childhood health by on-site inspection in China. During 2013-2014, we conducted a case-control study with home inspection among 454 children (186 asthma children and 268 non-asthma children) in Shanghai, China. In this paper, we detailedly described the inspected methods and analyzed the preliminarily collected data. Except in winter, most residences meet the national standard for indoor temperature and relative humidity. Most living rooms had ≤1000ppm CO2, whereas over half of the child's bedrooms had slightly >1000ppm CO2 during night...
July 29, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467686/preventing-complications-of-pediatric-tracheostomy-through-standardized-wound-care-and-parent-education
#19
Philip A Gaudreau, Hannah Greenlick, Tiffany Dong, Michelle Levy, Alyssa Hackett, Diego Preciado, George Zalzal, Brian K Reilly
Importance: Pediatric tracheostomy is commonly performed for upper airway obstruction and prolonged mechanical ventilation. Children undergoing tracheostomy typically have multiple chronic medical problems that place them at high risk for readmission and additional complications. Objective: To determine whether the institution of a postoperative protocol for parent education and wound care with a nurse trained in tracheostomy care decreases the rate of readmission and other complications...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377324/-spanish-patients-with-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-included-in-the-european-registry-the-2015-data
#20
María Angeles García Teresa, Raquel Porto Abal, Silvia Rodríguez Torres, Diego García Urabayen, Silvia García Martínez, Ha Trang, Angel Campos Barros, Ana Llorente de la Fuente, Arturo Hernández González, Amaya Bustinza Arriortua, Jesús de la Cruz Moreno, Martí Pons Odena, Purificación Ventura Faci, Laura Rubio Ortega, Estela Pérez Ruiz, Antonio Aguilar Fernández, Amaya Pérez Ocón, Borja Osona, Isabel Delgado Pecellin, Ignacio Arroyo Carrera, Javier Sayas Catalán, Elvira González Salas, Carlos Martin de Vicente
INTRODUCTION: Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) is a very rare genetic disease. In 2012 the European Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (EuCHS) Consortium created an online patient registry in order to improve care. AIM: To determine the characteristics and outcomes of Spanish patients with CCHS, and detect clinical areas for improvement. MATERIALS AND METHOD: An assessment was made on the data from Spanish patients in the European Registry, updated on December 2015...
July 1, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
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