keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

spr

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928994/gas-phase-self-assembly-of-uniform-silica-nanostructures-decorated-and-doped-with-silver-nanoparticles
#1
Chao-Shun Lai, Yi-Chen Chen, Hsiao-Fang Wang, Hsin-Chia Ho, Rong-Ming Ho, De-Hao Tsai
We report a systematic study of the controlled gas-phase synthesis of silver-silica hybrid nanostructures (Ag-SiO2 NP) using the concept of evaporation-induced self-assembly. The approach includes the use of a direct gas-phase electrophoresis for size classification and in situ characterization of mobility size. Transmission electron microscopy and ultraviolet-visible light spectroscopy were employed complementarily to determine the morphology and surface plasmon resonance of Ag-SiO2 NP. Results show that two types of Ag-SiO2 NPs were successfully synthesized: (1) AgNPs decorated on a SiO2-NP (Ag-T-SiO2 NP), and (2) AgNPs doped in a cluster of SiO2-NPs (Ag-C-SiO2 NP)...
December 8, 2016: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924973/selection-of-aptamers-based-on-a-protein-microarray-integrated-with-a-microfluidic-chip
#2
Xiaohui Liu, Hui Li, Wenchao Jia, Zhu Chen, Danke Xu
We developed an efficient and fast method based on a protein microarray integrated with a microfluidic chip for the process of SELEX (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment). Lactoferrin from bovine milk was used as a target protein, while bovine serum albumin (BSA), α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin and casein were used as negative proteins. They were separately dotted and immobilized to prepare the protein microarray and the resulting microarray was further integrated into a microfluidic chip for the SELEX (PMM-SELEX) process...
December 7, 2016: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924486/surface-plasmon-resonance-a-useful-strategy-for-the-identification-of-small-molecule-argonaute-2-protein-binders
#3
Elena Poser, Ilaria Genovese, Silvia Masciarelli, Teresa Bellissimo, Francesco Fazi, Gianni Colotti
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is one of the most important techniques for the detection and the characterization of molecular interactions. SPR technology is a label-free approach for monitoring biomolecular interactions in real time. The binding of analytes to molecules immobilized on a thin metal film (ligand) determines a change in the refractive index and, therefore in the angle of extinction of light, is reflected when polarized light hits the film, monitored in real time as a change in the position of the dip in reflected intensity...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922830/ligand-receptor-binding-kinetics-in-surface-plasmon-resonance-cells-a-monte-carlo-analysis
#4
Jacob Carroll, Matthew Raum, Kimberly Forsten-Williams, Uwe C Täuber
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) chips are widely used to measure association and dissociation rates for the binding kinetics between two species of chemicals, e.g., cell receptors and ligands. It is commonly assumed that ligands are spatially well mixed in the SPR region, and hence a mean-field rate equation description is appropriate. This approximation however ignores the spatial fluctuations as well as temporal correlations induced by multiple local rebinding events, which become prominent for slow diffusion rates and high binding affinities...
December 6, 2016: Physical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916114/competitive-inhibition-assay-for-the-detection-of-progesterone-in-dairy-milk-using-a-fiber-optic-spr-biosensor
#5
D Daems, J Lu, F Delport, N Mariën, L Orbie, B Aernouts, I Adriaens, T Huybrechts, W Saeys, D Spasic, J Lammertyn
Analytical methods that are often used for the quantification of progesterone in bovine milk include immunoassays and chromatographic techniques. Depending on the selected method, the main disadvantages are the cost, time-to-result, labor intensity and usability as an automated at-line device. This paper reports for the first time on a robust and practical method to quantify small molecules, such as progesterone, in complex biological samples using an automated fiber optic surface plasmon resonance (FO-SPR) biosensor...
January 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914369/dna-tetrahedral-scaffolds-based-platform-for-the-construction-of-electrochemiluminescence-biosensor
#6
Qiu-Mei Feng, Zhen Zhou, Mei-Xing Li, Wei Zhao, Jing-Juan Xu, Hong-Yuan Chen
Proximal metallic nanoparticles (NPs) could quench the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) emission of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) due to Förster energy transfer (FRET), but at a certain distance, the coupling of light-emission with surface plasmon resonance (SPR) result in enhanced ECL. Thus, the modification strategies and distances control between QDs and metallic NPs are critical for the ECL intensity of QDs. In this strategy, a SPR enhanced ECL sensor based on DNA tetrahedral scaffolds modified platform was reported for the detection of telomerase activity...
November 27, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910072/enhancing-surface-plasmon-resonance-detection-using-nanostructured-au-chips
#7
Ivan Indutnyi, Yuriy Ushenin, Dirk Hegemann, Marianne Vandenbossche, Victor Myn'ko, Mariia Lukaniuk, Petro Shepeliavyi, Andrii Korchovyi, Roman Khrystosenko
The increase of the sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) refractometers was studied experimentally by forming a periodic relief in the form of a grating with submicron period on the surface of the Au-coated chip. Periodic reliefs of different depths and spatial frequency were formed on the Au film surface using interference lithography and vacuum chalcogenide photoresists. Spatial frequencies of the grating were selected close to the conditions of Bragg reflection of plasmons for the working wavelength of the SPR refractometer and the used environment (solution of glycerol in water)...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905323/plasmonic-nano-protrusions-hierarchical-nanostructures-for-single-molecule-raman-spectroscopy
#8
Sagnik Basuray, Avinash Pathak, Sangho Bok, Biyan Chen, Steven C Hamm, Cherian J Mathai, Suchismita Guha, Keshab Gangopadhyay, Shubhra Gangopadhyay
Classical methods for enhancing the electromagnetic field from substrates for spectroscopic applications, such as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), have involved the generation of hotspots through directed self-assembly of nanoparticles or by patterning nanoscale features using expensive nanolithography techniques. A novel large-area, cost-effective soft lithographic technique involving glancing angle deposition (GLAD) of silver on polymer gratings is reported here. This method produces hierarchical nanostructures with high enhancement factors capable of analyzing single-molecule SERS...
December 1, 2016: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905123/selective-precipitation-reaction-a-novel-diagnostic-test-for-tissue-pathology-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-infected-with-salmonid-alphavirus-sav3
#9
M Braceland, J Tinsley, D Cockerill, R Bickerdike, M F McLoughlin, P D Eckersall
While investigating biomarkers for infection with salmonid alphavirus (SAV), the cause of pancreas disease (PD), a selective precipitation reaction (SPR) has been discovered in serum which could be an on-farm qualitative test and an in-laboratory quantitative assay for health assessments in aquaculture. Mixing serum from Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, with SAV infection with a sodium acetate buffer caused a visible precipitation which does not occur with serum from healthy salmon. Proteomic examination of the precipitate has revealed that the components are a mix of muscle proteins, for example enolase and aldolase, along with serum protein such as serotransferrin and complement C9...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896350/characterizing-the-optical-properties-of-single-palladium-coated-core-shell-gold-nanorods-as-multifunctional-orientation-probes
#10
So Young Lee, Ji Won Ha
Bimetallic core-shell gold nanorods are promising multifunctional orientation probes due to the synergetic effect of two different metals, as examined under an optical microscope. Herein, we performed a single particle study to characterize the optical properties of palladium-coated core-shell gold nanorods (Pd-AuNRs) using scattering-based dark-field (DF) and differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy, and to examine their use as multifunctional orientation probes in biological and physical studies...
November 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895641/pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccination-elicits-igg-anti-a-b-blood-group-antibodies-in-healthy-individuals-and-patients-with-type-i-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Wendelin Wolfram, Kai M T Sauerwein, Christoph J Binder, Nicole Eibl-Musil, Hermann M Wolf, Michael B Fischer
HYPOTHESIS: Blood group antibodies are natural antibodies that develop early in life in response to cross-reactive environmental antigens in the absence of antigen encounter. Even later in life structural similarities in saccharide composition between environmental antigens such as bacterial polysaccharides and blood group A/B antigens could lead to changes in serum levels, IgM/IgG isotype, and affinity maturation of blood group anti-A/B antibodies. We addressed the question whether immunization with pneumococcal polysaccharide (PnP) vaccine Pneumo 23 Vaccine "Pasteur Merieux" (Pn23) could have such an effect in patients with type I diabetes mellitus (DM I), an autoimmune disease where an aberrant immune response to microbial antigens likely plays a role...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890450/src2-3-binds-to-vitamin-d-receptor-with-high-sensitivity-and-strong-affinity
#12
Daichi Egawa, Toshimasa Itoh, Akira Kato, Saori Kataoka, Yasuaki Anami, Keiko Yamamoto
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily and regulates the expression of target genes through ligand binding. To express the target gene, coactivator binding to the VDR/ligand complex is essential. Although there are many coactivators in living cells, precise interactions between coactivators and VDR have not been clarified. Here, we synthesized two coactivator peptides, DRIP205-2 and SRC2-3, evaluated their affinity for the ligand-binding domain (LBD) of VDR using 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, partial agonist 1, and antagonist 2 by surface plasmon resonance (SPR), and assessed their interaction modes with VDR-LBD using X-ray crystallographic analysis...
November 14, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889474/the-von-willebrand-factor-a1-collagen-iii-interaction-is-independent-of-conformation-and-type-2-von-willebrand-disease-phenotype
#13
Venkata R Machha, Alexander Tischer, Laurie Moon-Tasson, Matthew Auton
The blood von Willebrand factor (VWF) mediates platelet adhesion to injured vessels by sequestering platelets from blood flow and depositing them to collagen and other exposed subendothelial matrix proteins. This process of capturing platelets to facilitate formation of platelet plugs occurs through transient interactions with platelet glycoprotein Ibα via the VWF A1 domain which also binds collagen. Using a conformationally diverse collection of natively folded and mutation-induced misfolded von Willebrand disease (VWD) variants, we test a recently proposed affinity up-regulation hypothesis which states that collagen binding changes the conformation of the A1 domain to a high-affinity GPIbα binding competent state...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888099/bivalent-kinetic-binding-model-to-surface-plasmon-resonance-studies-of-antigen-antibody-displacement-reactions
#14
Dagmar Gelinsky-Wersing, Wolfram Wersing, Wolfgang Pompe
Molecular and functional analysis of small molecule binding to protein can provoke insights into cellular signaling and regulatory systems as well as facilitate pharmaceutical drug discovery. In label free small molecule detection the displacement assay format can be applied. This is beneficial because displacement of high molecular weight receptors is detected instead of low molecular weight ligand as in classical binding analysis. Thus, detection limit is potentially lowered. Using the influenza haemagglutinin (HA) peptide binding to mono or bivalent anti-haemagglutinin peptide antibody displacement assay formats could be established...
November 22, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888075/the-domain-ii-loops-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-cry1aa-form-an-overlapping-interaction-site-for-two-bombyx-mori-larvae-functional-receptors-abc-transporter-c2-and-cadherin-like-receptor
#15
Satomi Adegawa, Yui Nakama, Haruka Endo, Naoki Shinkawa, Shingo Kikuta, Ryoichi Sato
Information about the receptor-interaction region of Cry toxins, insecticidal proteins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis, is needed to elucidate the mode of action of Cry toxins and improve their toxicity through protein engineering. We analyzed the interaction sites on Cry1Aa with ABC transporter C2 (ABCC2), one of the most important Cry1A toxin receptors. A competitive binding assay revealed that the Bombyx mori ABCC2 (BmABCC2) Cry1A binding site was the same as the BtR175 binding site, suggesting that the loop region of Cry1Aa domain II is a binding site...
November 23, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886605/self-tuning-interfacial-architecture-for-estradiol-detection-by-surface-plasmon-resonance-biosensor
#16
Praskoviya Boltovets, Svitlana Shinkaruk, Luc Vellutini, Borys Snopok
This study reports the operation principles for reusable SPR biosensors utilizing nanoscale-specific electrostatic levitation phenomena in their sensitive layer design. Functional macromolecular building blocks localized near the "charged" surface by a variety of weak electrostatic interactions create a flexible and structurally variable architecture. A proof-of-concept is demonstrated by an immunospecific detection of 17β-Estradiol (E2) following the competitive inhibition format. The sensing interfacial architecture is based on the BSA-E2 conjugate within the BSA matrix immobilized on the "charged" (as a result of guanidine thiocyanate treatment) gold surface at pH 5...
November 12, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885605/characterization-of-ligand-receptor-interactions-chemotaxis-biofilm-cell-culture-assays-and-animal-model-methodologies
#17
Rebecca M King, Victoria Korolik
Chemotactic motility is an essential virulence factor for the pathogenesis of Campylobacter spp. infection. In Chapter 6 , we described technologies that enable initial screening and identification of ligands able to interact with chemoreceptor sensory domains. These include amino acid and glycan arrays, NMR, and SPR that are utilized to identify potential ligands interacting with Campylobacter jejuni. Here we describe techniques that enable the characterization and evaluation of ligand-receptor binding in chemotaxis through the assessment of motility and directed chemotactic motility as well as the associated phenotypes-autoagglutination behavior, biofilm formation, ability to adhere and invade cultured mammalian cells, and colonization ability in avian hosts...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885598/identification-of-ligand-receptor-interactions-ligand-molecular-arrays-spr-and-nmr-methodologies
#18
Christopher J Day, Lauren E Hartley-Tassell, Victoria Korolik
Despite many years of research into bacterial chemotaxis, the only well characterized system to date is that of E. coli. Even for E. coli, the direct ligand binding had been fully characterized only for aspartate and serene receptors Tar and Tsr. In 30 years since, no other direct receptor-ligand interaction had been described for bacteria, until the characterization of the C. jejuni aspartate and multiligand receptors (Hartley-Tassell et al. Mol Microbiol 75:710-730, 2010). While signal transduction components of many sensory pathways have now been characterized, ligand-receptor interactions remain elusive due to paucity of high-throughput screening methods...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883257/determining-the-binding-affinities-of-prostate-specific-antigen-to-lectins-spr-and-microarray-approaches
#19
Pavel Damborský, Martina Zámorová, Jaroslav Katrlík
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common newly diagnosed cancer among men and we focused on its traditional biomarker, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), using targeted glycomics-based strategies. The aberrant glycosylation pattern of PSA may serve as valuable tool for improving PCa diagnosis including its early-stage. In the present work we evaluated the usability of two techniques, surface plasmon resonance and protein microarray assay, for the study and characterization of interactions of PSA (both free and complexed) with 6 lectins (SNA, ConA, RCA, AAL, WGA and MAA II)...
November 24, 2016: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882339/surface-plasmon-resonance-biosensing-of-the-monomer-and-the-linked-dimer-of-the-variants-of-protein-g-under-mass-transport-limitation
#20
Hiroshi Imamura, Shinya Honda
This article presented the data related to the research article entitled "Calibration-free concentration analysis for an analyte prone to self-association" (H. Imamura, S. Honda, 2017) [1]. The data included surface plasmon resonance (SPR) responses of the variants of protein G with different masses under mass transport limitation. The friction factors of the proteins analyzed by an ultracentrifugation were recorded. Calculation of the SPR response of the proteins was also described.
December 2016: Data in Brief
keyword
keyword
101045
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"