keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fecal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734127/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-hepatic-encephalopathy-ready-for-prime-time
#1
EDITORIAL
Puneeta Tandon, Karen Madsen, Dina Kao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732069/saccharomyces-boulardii-cncm-i-745-supplementation-reduces-gastrointestinal-dysfunction-in-an-animal-model-of-ibs
#2
Paola Brun, Melania Scarpa, Chiara Marchiori, Gloria Sarasin, Valentina Caputi, Andrea Porzionato, Maria Cecilia Giron, Giorgio Palù, Ignazio Castagliuolo
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effect of Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 on intestinal neuromuscular anomalies in an IBS-type mouse model of gastrointestinal motor dysfunctions elicited by Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1) exposure. METHODS: Mice were inoculated intranasally with HSV-1 (102 PFU) or vehicle at time 0 and 4 weeks later by the intragastric (IG) route (108 PFU). Six weeks after IG inoculum, mice were randomly allocated to receive oral gavage with either S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731502/histologic-scoring-indices-for-evaluation-of-disease-activity-in-crohn-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
Gregor Novak, Claire E Parker, Rish K Pai, John K MacDonald, Brian G Feagan, William J Sandborn, Geert D'Haens, Vipul Jairath, Reena Khanna
BACKGROUND: Histologic assessment of mucosal disease activity has been increasingly used in clinical trials of treatment for Crohn's disease. However, the operating properties of the currently existing histologic scoring indices remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was undertaken to evaluate the development and operating characteristics of available histologic disease activity indices in Crohn's disease. SEARCH METHODS: Electronic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) databases from inception to 20 July 2016 were supplemented by manual reviews of bibliographies and abstracts submitted to major gastroenterology meetings (Digestive Disease Week, United European Gastroenterology Week, European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation)...
July 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731144/dietary-fiber-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-review
#4
Magdy El-Salhy, Synne Otterasen Ystad, Tarek Mazzawi, Doris Gundersen
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic gastrointestinal disorder. It is widely believed that IBS is caused by a deficient intake of dietary fiber, and most physicians recommend that patients with IBS increase their intake of dietary fiber in order to relieve their symptoms. However, different types of dietary fiber exhibit marked differences in physical and chemical properties, and the associated health benefits are specific for each fiber type. Short-chain soluble and highly fermentable dietary fiber, such as oligosaccharides results in rapid gas production that can cause abdominal pain/discomfort, abdominal bloating/distension and flatulence in patients with IBS...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730720/microstructural-white-matter-brain-abnormalities-in-patients-with-idiopathic-fecal-incontinence
#5
J Muthulingam, S Haas, T M Hansen, S Laurberg, L Lundby, H S Jørgensen, A M Drewes, K Krogh, J B Frøkjaer
BACKGROUND: Abnormal central nervous system processing of visceral sensation may be a part of the pathogenesis behind idiopathic fecal incontinence (IFI). Our aim was to characterize brain differences in patients with IFI and healthy controls by means of structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). METHODS: In 21 female patients with IFI and 15 female healthy controls, whole-brain structural differences in gray matter volume (GMV), cortical thickness, and white matter tracts fractional anisotropy (FA) were quantified...
July 21, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730711/supplementation-of-protease-alone-and-in-combination-with-fructooligosaccharide-to-low-protein-diet-for-finishing-pigs
#6
Xin Jian Lei, Jin Young Cheong, Jae Hong Park, In Ho Kim
Effects of adding protease with or without fructooligosaccharide (FOS) to low protein diet on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and fecal noxious gas emission were evaluated in 160 finishing pigs (57.70 ± 1.16 kg) in a 9-week study. Pigs were randomly divided into four dietary treatments, PC: positive control diet (15.97% crude protein (CP)); NC: negative control diet (12.94% CP); PRO: NC supplemented with 0.05% protease; PROFOS: NC supplemented with 0.05% protease and 0.1% FOS. During weeks 4-9 and weeks 0-9, gain : feed ratio was impaired (P < 0...
July 20, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730697/impact-of-simultaneous-glutamate-dehydrogenase-gdh-and-toxin-a-b-rapid-immunoassay-on-clostridium-difficile-diagnosis-and-treatment-in-hospitalized-patients-with-antibiotic-associated-diarrhea-in-a-university-hospital-of-brazil
#7
Guilherme Grossi Lopes Cançado, Rodrigo Otávio Silveira Silva, Amanda Pontes Nader, Francisco Carlos Faria Lobato, Eduardo Garcia Vilela
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is a major cause of health care-associated infection, but disagreement between diagnostic tests is an ongoing barrier to clinical decision making. Conventional enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for toxin detection is currently the most frequently used technique for CDI diagnosis, but its low sensitivity makes the development of an alternative strategy necessary for improving the diagnosis in developing countries. METHODS: Between years 2011 and 2015, 154 stool samples from patients with antibiotic-associated diarrhea were examined by toxigenic culture (TC) and EIA for the diagnosis of CDI...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730505/stool-based-testing-for-colorectal-cancer-an-overview-of-available-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Kevin M Rank, Aasma Shaukat
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to summarize stool-based testing for colorectal cancer (CRC). The key questions answered in this review were the advantages and limitations of each available stool-based test for CRC and to examine their comparative efficacy. RECENT FINDINGS: Guaiac-based fecal occult blood testing (gFOBT) is no longer a relevant test for CRC screening. fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) tests, especially quantitative assays, are clearly a reliable stool-based test...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729224/robotic-placement-of-fenix-continence-restoration-system-in-a-patient-with-previous-radiation-to-the-pelvis-a-case-report
#9
Mariana Espinal, Christopher C DeStephano, Paulami Guha, Shilpa P Gajarawala, Anita H Chen, Paul D Pettit
Fecal incontinence (FI) is a disabling problem affecting women. Conservative treatment includes dietary modification, antimotility agents, and pelvic floor physical therapy. If conservative medical management is unsuccessful, surgical intervention may be required. Surgical options include rectal sphincteroplasty, bulking agent injection, radiofrequency anal sphincter remodeling procedure and sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) therapy. Recently, a new therapy for FI, the FENIX Continence Restoration System has become available...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728991/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-patient-or-caretaker-regret-following-surgery-for-fecal-incontinence
#10
Bhalaajee Meenakshi-Sundaram, Caitlin T Coco, James R Furr, Byron P Dubow, Christopher E Aston, Jennifer Lewis, Gennady Slobodov, Bradley P Kropp, Dominic C Frimberger
PURPOSE: The Malone Antegrade Continence Enema (MACE) has been a successful and widely used procedure to achieve fecal continence in children. We present data on the previously uninvestigated issue of patient and caretaker regret following surgery for intractable constipation and fecal incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed all patients undergoing antegrade continence enema or cecostomy creation at a single institution between 2006 and 2016. Patients and caretakers were assessed for decisional regret utilizing the Decisional Regret Scale...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728708/effect-of-partitioning-the-nonfiber-carbohydrate-fraction-and-neutral-detergent-fiber-method-on-digestibility-of-carbohydrates-by-dairy-cows
#11
A W Tebbe, M J Faulkner, W P Weiss
Many nutrition models rely on summative equations to estimate feed and diet energy concentrations. These models partition feed into nutrient fractions and multiply the fractions by their estimated true digestibility, and the digestible mass provided by each fraction is then summed and converted to an energy value. Nonfiber carbohydrate (NFC) is used in many models. Although it behaves as a nutritionally uniform fraction, it is a heterogeneous mixture of components. To reduce the heterogeneity, we partitioned NFC into starch and residual organic matter (ROM), which is calculated as 100 - CP - LCFA - ash - starch - NDF, where crude protein (CP), long-chain fatty acids (LCFA), ash, starch, and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) are a percentage of DM...
August 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728391/dietary-maifanite-supplementation-did-not-affect-the-apparent-total-tract-digestibility-of-calcium-and-phosphorus-in-growing-pigs
#12
Lili Bai, Dongxu Ming, Shuren Dong, Zhongyue Yang, Wenhui Wang, Shuai Zhang, Xiangshu Piao, Ling Liu, Fenglai Wang
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary maifanite supplementation and fecal collection method on the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) and blood parameters in growing pigs. Methods: Thirty-six growing barrows (Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshire;27.0±2.6 kg) were allotted to six dietary treatments with 6 pigs per treatment according to body weight in a completely randomized design. The experimental treatments were: (1) Low Ca+cornstarch (2...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728373/substituting-oat-hay-or-maize-silage-for-portion-of-alfalfa-hay-affects-growth-performance-ruminal-fermentation-and-nutrient-digestibility-of-weaned-calves
#13
Yang Zou, XinPing Zou, XiZhi Li, Gang Guo, Peng Ji, Yan Wang, ShengLi Li, YaJing Wang, ZhiJun Cao
Objective: The impact of forage feeding strategy on growth performance, ruminal fermentation and nutrient digestibility in post-weaning calves was investigated. Methods: Forty-five female Holstein calves (BW = 79.79±0.38 kg) were enrolled in the 35-d study at one week after weaning and randomly assigned to one of three dietary treatments. All diets were fed as total mixed ration containing 60% (DM basis) of basal starter feed and 40% (DM basis) of forage, but varied in composition of forage source including 1) alfalfa (40% DM, AH); 2) alfalfa hay (26...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728358/tropical-plant-supplementation-effects-on-the-performance-and-parasite-burden-of-goats
#14
Juan Jose Romero, Miguel Augusto Zarate, Ibukun M Ogunade, Kathy G Arriola, Adegbola Tolulope Adesogan
Objective: Examine the effects of supplementing bahiagrass hay (BG) with potentially anthelmintic quantities of hays of perennial peanut (PEA) or sericea lespedeza (LES) or seeds of velvet bean (MUC) or papaya (PAP) on the intake and nutritive value (Experiment 1), and the performance and parasite burden (Experiment 2) of goats. Methods: In experiment 1, 38 male goats (27.4 ± 5.7 kg BW) were randomly assigned to each of 5 treatments: 1) BG alone and BG plus 2) PEA; 3) LES; 4) MUC; and 5) PAP...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728315/defecographic-findings-in-patients-with-severe-idiopathic-chronic-constipation
#15
Rahmatollah Rafiei, Azadeh Bayat, Masoud Taheri, Zahra Torabi, Lotfollah Fooladi, Saideh Husaini
Background/Aims: Chronic constipation is a common gastrointestinal disorder diagnosed using Rome III criteria. Defecography is a radiographic method used to identify anatomic abnormalities of anorectum. The present study aimed to evaluate the defecographic findings in patients with severe idiopathic chronic constipation. Methods: One hundred patients, who complained of severe idiopathic chronic constipation with abnormal balloon expulsion test, underwent defecography after injection of barium...
July 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727654/growth-and-nutritional-biomarkers-of-preterm-infants-fed-a-new-powdered-human-milk-fortifier-a-randomized-trial
#16
Jacques Rigo, Jean-Michel Hascoët, Claude Billeaud, Jean-Charles Picaud, Fabio Mosca, Amandine Rubio, Elie Saliba, Michaël Radkë, Umberto Simeoni, Bernard Guillois, Virginie de Halleux, Jonathan Jaeger, Laurent Ameye, Nicholas P Hays, Johannes Spalinger
OBJECTIVES: Assess growth and nutritional biomarkers of preterm infants fed human milk (HM) supplemented with a new powdered HM fortifier (nHMF) or a control HM fortifier (cHMF). The nHMF provides similar energy content, 16% more protein (partially hydrolyzed whey), and higher micronutrient levels than the cHMF, along with medium-chain triglycerides and docosahexaenoic acid. METHODS: In this controlled, multicenter, double-blind study, a sample of preterm infants ≤32 weeks or ≤1500 g were randomized to receive nHMF (n = 77) or cHMF (n = 76) for a minimum of 21 days...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727646/development-and-validation-of-a-quantitative-measure-of-adaptive-behaviors-in-women-with-pelvic-floor-disorders
#17
John T Wei, Rodney Dunn, Ingrid Nygaard, Kathryn Burgio, Emily S Lukacz, Alayne Markland, Patricia A Wren, Linda Brubaker, Matthew D Barber, J Eric Jelovsek, Cathie Spino, Susie Meikle, Nancy Janz
PURPOSE: To establish validity for the Pelvic Floor Disorders Network (PFDN) self-administered Adaptive Behavior Index (ABI) and to assess whether ABI assesses known discordance between severity of pelvic floor symptoms and self-reported bother. METHODS: In addition to the ABI questionnaire, participants in 1 of 6 Pelvic Floor Disorders Network trials completed condition-specific measures of pretreatment symptom severity (including Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory; PFDI) and health-related quality of life (Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire; PFIQ)...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727645/retroperitoneal-hemorrhage-after-sacral-neurostimulator-placement-for-urgency-urinary-incontinence
#18
Casey L Kinman, Deslyn T G Hobson, Anubhav Agrawal, Martin S Vyleta, Sean L Francis
Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is an effective therapy for patients who experience urinary incontinence, idiopathic urinary retention, and fecal incontinence. Although typically a low-risk procedure, rarely, it can be associated with significant hemorrhage. A 61-year-old woman on chronic anticoagulation underwent uncomplicated implantation of SNM for refractory urgency urinary incontinence. Anticoagulation was held on the day of surgery and resumed on postoperative day 1. On postoperative day 2, the patient developed an extensive retroperitoneal hemorrhage...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727122/effect-of-increasing-dietary-canola-meal-inclusion-on-lactation-performance-milk-composition-and-nutrient-digestibility-of-lactating-sows
#19
D E Velayudhan, C M Nyachoti
The aim was to determine the effects of increasing dietary canola meal in substitution for soybean meal in lactation sow diets. Forty-five sows with an average parity of 1.8 (SD = 0.83) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 dietary treatments ( = 15) consisting of a corn-based control diet and 2 diets with 15% and 30% canola meal formulated by replacing soybean meal with canola meal. Diets were formulated to be similar in standardized ileal digestible AA content and NE value and to meet or exceed nutrient recommendations for lactating sows...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727116/technical-note-development-of-a-feed-matrix-as-inoculum-in-salmonella-infection-studies-in-piglets
#20
R Litjens, A-K Oudshoorn, P J Roubos-van den Hil
Current methods used for oral administration of pathogens to piglets are stressful for the animals because of fixation and use of inoculation methods such as oral gavage. In the present study an alternative way to challenge piglets with Typhimurium (ST) is investigated. The strategy was to incorporate the in a feed matrix, which is fed to the piglets and eaten voluntary. Different types of feed matrices were tested for their absorption capacity, handling properties, and palatability to piglets. Furthermore, the viability of ST in feed matrices was studied...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
keyword
keyword
10104
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"